Monthly Archives: March 2011
Sacrifices of lives provide dignified live to upcoming generations: Karima Baloch, Vice Chairmen BSO.
By Ahmed Khan.
Baloch Student Organization Vice Chairmen Banok Karima Baloch is optimist about Baloch Movement achievements. She says Baloch nation is getting nearer to unanimous ideology and dispersed Baloch population acquiring and taking interest about Baloch independent state. She considers all varieties of fighting of Baloch fighters are true and in favor of nation. Youth and political workers sacrifices causing strengthen to movement and a nation this way can provide dignified lives to next generation. She thinks now common Baloch can distinguish opportunists and fair leaders and nation is getting gathered beside the real nationalists. Bhuto individually couldn’t change system and here system is faulty from day of foundation. Bolan Voice has arranged an interview of Karima Baloch, vice chairmen of Baloch Student Organization via e-mail, which is presented for readers.
BLV: How you describe Baloch Movements’ achievements up till now on national and international level, as physically and psychologically?
Karima Baloch: Baloch national freedom movement got birth that day when Pakistan occupied Balochistan forcibly dates back to 27th of March, 1948, General Douglas was the head of Pakistan “Royal” army. Balochistan, being a weak state could not defend its independence against the Neo colony of Britain, Pakistan. The struggle of independence started from that day onwards, though few opportunists tried to paint the Baloch demands with different manipulating slogans, but Balochs did not surrender their legitimate right of regaining their national independence. Baloch movement complies with the charters of United Nations, but U.N. being a puppet organization of the international powers cannot prove to be a solution in Baloch nation, hence Baloch nation is continuing its struggle having trust on its own strength.
BLV: Nation till how sustain receiving of torture bodies and disappearing of Baloch especially BSO-Azad, BNM, BRP and pro-impendent parties workers? And being vice chairmen of BSO do you have any idea or strategy to stop or combat these aggressions because it seems that state is much powerful?
Karima Baloch: Historically, when the major part of a nation prepares to sacrifice their lives against injustice and oppression then only the upcoming generations live a dignified live. The occupier today is not afraid of B.S.O. Azaad or B.N.M. or B.R.P., now it fears from each and every son and daughter of the motherland. Today Balochs being brutally murdered by Pakistan do not only belong to B.S.O. or other political parties rather they are only murdered because they are Balochs. This identifies the fears Pakistan has today. In only seven months more than 130 Balochs were torture murdered by Pakistan. Human rights abuses of such an extent should have by now awaken the international peace keepers and human rights organizations but it seems interests supersede the humanitarian laws and the status of human rights abused in Balochistan.
BLV: If I am not wrong about this that BSO or BNM platforms have made prominent to people or youth for rival to easily identify because of clear stance?
Karima Baloch: B.S.O.’s aims and objective have always been crystal clear, but after 1988 an opportunist factor in the organization traded off national interests and entered the parliaments of the occupying country. Presently B.S.O. has again adapted the actual aim which it had, and the sacrifices of Baloch youth have helped B.S.O. regain its confidence amongst the masses.
BLV: Baloch Pro-independence organizations are working for social change in lives? Or struggling/educating people for abolition of class difference? If not then what will be significance of freedom or separate state, there people will be in different categories, hence what will be benefit of that state or system?
Karima Baloch: When a country is occupied, negativity is not only infiltrated in the occupied territory but is exaggerated by the occupier as well. Baloch national movement has contributed greatly in eliminating the social prejudices, immoral activities and inequality. The culture of gaining more knowledge in Baloch society is just one of the fruits of the struggle for national independence. When nations are enslaved, they lose their identity. No matter how good they actually are, they still do not have what they deserve because the occupiers do not only occupy territories but they assault on the self confidence of the nations. Enslaved nations, in order to progress do have to prioritize national independence. This has always been the case historically.
BLV: Many intellectual confessed and objective circumstances also saying that state won’t allow for openly working or preaching, hence how you people educate or work?
Karima Baloch: Pakistan has always strived to eliminate the freedom movement in Balochistan to sustain its occupation, but with the changing political scenario revolutionary organization have to change their strategies. B.S.O. is working to create political and social awareness in Baloch students and Baloch masses, and the means to achieve this objective are developing and changing with the requirements of the era.
BLV: You people don’t think that target killing is wrong, because opponent also using same method for encountering movement?
Karima Baloch: We as students and a constructive part of Baloch nation moral support every act of our national militant forces which leads to the destination of an independent Balochistan. Baloch is fighting to regain its independence, and in the process targeting the spies and collaborators of the occupying forces has strong moral legitimacy and is justified in the practical sense of morality.
BLV: What are the reasons that you people are secede from socialist organizations and other oppressed nations even destination has resemblance?
Karima Baloch: We won’t hesitate morally supporting any organization or nation which is struggling for its freedom against exploiters and occupiers, and their struggle is founded on the grounds of justice and equality.
BLV: How you see Khair Bux Marri’s message to Sindh for joining movement?
Karima Baloch: Every nation has the right to determine its own future and B.S.O. stands aside every oppressed nation and views their struggle with respect and deference. Balochistan was occupied by Pakistan hence Baloch case should be viewed differently however we do support every nation’s right to determine its own fate; no one can and should impose “exploitive unity” against the will of the nations.
BLV: How do you describe your movement as we see Maoist movement is supported by educated and liberal class in India? How do you see your movement?
Karima Baloch: I believe Baloch freedom movement has gained the support of people belonging to almost every part and class of the society. This factor has been an elementary reason behind the rapid popularity of the movement, and I believe in coming days this support would turn out to be more constructive.
BLV: Baloch is suppressed and divided in different countries how he can defeat imperialist or will compromise with age of imperialist?
Karima Baloch: Baloch national struggle has strengthen the bonds in between Baloch nation, the movement has given a new sense of unity to the Baloch nation. This certainly is undeniable that Baloch nation is dispersed in different regions, but they certainly have the ability to bring about a change if they wish to, more development of the movement would make the imperialist forces to lose the war against the unified Baloch nation.
BLV: State authorities always blame on Balochs that in Balochistan foreign hands are involved? Kindly give comment on this blame.
Karima Baloch: Movements of independence do require international recognition, the moral and humanitarian support of the international community do has an immense importance in deciding the status of a movement. Though being a student activist I do not have information regarding international relationships but this has always been a tactic from the occupier’s side to tag our movement in a way so that they could gain the support of their masses to continue Baloch genocide. Such propagandas are prevalent in the pages of history that in order to gain mass support the counterparts were depicted as “friends of the enemies”. I would like to make one point over here that even if any country supports the movement that should be considered highly ethical, supporting the occupied and oppressed is not a crime, supporting the occupier certainly is!
BLV: Nearer history is evident that tribal elements ever influenced over Baloch Society and organizations and it is also obvious that tribalism is great hurdle for Baloch Unity and progress. For removal of this obstacle BSO role should be mentioned?
Karima Baloch: Actual Baloch tribal system is not the way we see it today, the present system was developed by British colonialist Robert Sandeman to weaken the Baloch confederacy. Tribal chiefs were empowered and chieftainship was made inhereditary in order to strengthen the control over the occupied territories. Present day tribal system is sustained by the Pakistan to achieve the same objective; most the tribal chiefs are gaining personal benefits in return of national interests. The revolutionary movement of Baloch youth has revealed their true faces infront of the Baloch masses.
BLV: What are your views, did Zulifqar Ali Bhutto had powered for operation in Balochistan or he was weaken in front of Army?
Karima Baloch: Bhutto is just an individual, even if the whole system of Pakistan changes that won’t affect our status as an enslaved nation. The psychology of Pakistan would remain of an occupier and Baloch nation would be treated the same way, regardless of the person or ruling system existing In Pakistan.
BLV: How do you see occurring changes in Arab World and how these can impact world politics, region especially Balochistan?
Karima Baloch: This is a wave of awareness in Arab nation, and this is the start of Arabs towards democracy and real independency from imperialist powers, now they will start a journey towards knowledge, technology, instead of selling oil and spending a noncompetitive luxurious life, and this automatically effects world and causes emergence of new power, and Islamist powers will become more powerful. I think this will be a message for the entire oppressed nation to take stands but it will not have a direct positive impact on Baloch movement.
BLV: Your Message Please.
Karima Baloch: I do not consider myself eligible of delivering messages, as I believe this suits more to the leaders, I as an activist request my national brothers and sisters to emphasize on increasing their knowledge and to enhance their horizons of thinking patterns along with contributing to the national struggle for freedom. If people belonging to free nations spend 8 hours in a day studying, we as an enslaved nation should study greater as we have greater responsibilities. Baloch nation needs politically aware and long sighted practical individuals, and knowledge and avoidance of immoral social activities would help them face the difficulties which time would bring for the Baloch nation in coming days.
Interviewed with Mr. Declan Walsh (Well-known Journalist)
“People have right to know” this slogan for while seems beautiful, public who is giving their votes in state, must be known what is going in state. Sadly, power makers have made one law and act on other self-interest. When public starts voice for knowing, state excuses for giving information. And state says that some information ought to give public. If we share entire information, it would be harm for sovereignty. It’s comical, right to know, would be caused for harm according to power makers even though they claim that people have to right according to their wishes. Hence, limitation in information is murderer of information, so far; state always tries to hide information but it leaks out though. Nowadays we have age of information and age of no secrecy, world has had experienced of ruling class, so now no one can make fool public. Even they are trying to impose oldest tact. Right to know, was trying to hide under table. When Pakistan met accident of Mr. Raymond Davis on January – 27 – 2011, shot two men in Lahore – Punjab. After this incident Raymond Davis has become hot finger in Pakistan, who Raymond Davis was?
Pakistan and USA are wrestling on Raymond Davis’s immunity, has he immunity or not?
This case doesn’t show up any other side running around immunity. Suddenly, one report giving fire in case which was reported by Declan Walsh, correspond for Guardian’s paper in Pakistan/Afghanistan. He reported that Raymond Davis is CIA agent, after his reporting case totally turned his face.
What will be happened this case? Who will win and lose? No doubt, “Right to know” has won its right beside states tried to hide it but Declan Walsh revealed reality.
Declan Walsh: has been a foreign correspondent for ten years – five in Africa and the past five in Pakistan. He has written beautiful write ups on Pakistan/Afghanistan issues also written bodily.
He has written for the Sunday Business Post, where he won the paper’s first Irish national newspaper award for Social and Campaigning Journalism, and was then Africa correspondent for the Independent and the Irish Times. He has also contributed to the New York Times, the Economist and the Boston Globe.
Walsh has travelled to over 20 countries, covering war, famine and debt relief. Since 2004 he has been the Guardian’s Pakistan Correspondent.
We have interviewed him via an email on Raymond Davis Case for our readers.
Veengas: Do you think this Raymond Davis Case will leave impact on relation between Pak – USA relation?
Declan Walsh: I think it’s already had a very strong impact. It reflects the pathological nature of the relationship, and brings out the worst in the national character of bother countries. The Pakistanis are angered at being seen as the “little brother” who takes American money but is supposed to say nothing when armed Americans go around the country shooting people. The Americans feel angered that they have pumped so much money into Pakistan, and yet Pakistan is unwilling to help when one of their people gets in trouble.
Veengas: Does Raymond Davis possess any kind of immunity?
eclan Walsh: That’s a very legal-technical question that the best legal brains in Pakistan seem unable to answer right now! It is common practice for many countries to send intelligence agents on missions abroad under diplomatic cover. But the golden rule for espionage is “doesn’t get caught”. And if you do get caught, well then you deal with every situation on its merits and according to its particular circumstances.
Veengas: President of USA Mr. Obama confirmed that Raymond Davis has immunity and Pakistan authority declared, Davis doesn’t enjoy immunity, in your view are both parties taking case in right direction or their statements making trouble in case?
Declan Walsh: The Pakistan government hasn’t declared yet whether Davis has immunity or not – and that’s a major part of the problem between the two countries.
Veengas: Being a correspondent of Guardian newspaper, you have already mentioned, Raymond Davis is CIA agent, after such news, how do you see role of Pakistan Media? Though some resources reported he had remained in Blackwater.
Declan Walsh: Yes, he previously worked for either Blackwater or Xe Services, the new name for Blackwater. I believe he stopped working for them when the CIA employed him fulltime. The Pakistan media have taken a very strong interest in this case, but sometimes have been too willing to report storie about Davis that are obviously untrue – for example, that he tried to supply al Qaida with nuclear weapons.
Veengas: Raymond Davis bio-data is showing high rant that had been member of various spy agencies, but those two men were killed Faizan Haider 21, and Muhammad Faheem 19, reported both were agents of ISI but ISI refused it, declaring them as robber even though Mr. Gul Hameed said that both were neither agents nor robbers. What about your thoughts for them?
Declan Walsh: I really don’t know what the truth is about these two men. But I think it’s the key to understanding why Davis opened fire on them, and why he fired so many shots…
Veengas: After 9/11, Pakistan intelligence has been claiming, they have enough strategy against war on Terror after Raymond Davis Case, don’t you think Pakistan intelligence has been failed to protect its sovereignty because they could not have identify such people while accidentally Pakistan intelligence caught this case?
Declan Walsh: It’s not clear what role Pakistani intelligence played in this case. They claim he entered the country because the US embassy made it too easy to obtain a visa. But I suspect they knew who he was a long time ago, and were monitoring him to see what he was up to.
Veengas: As media has gotten video Raymond Davis while talking police officer, do Pakistan agencies lead sensitive issue like this way because such videos without permission can not be shown on TV, how do you feel about it?
Declan Walsh: It’s very unusual in any country for the authorities to leak an interrogation video. While it’s good for the media, I think it reflects badly on the police/intelligence agencies.
Veengas: What is your view about People’s Party Pakistan, itself contradicted statements came up in public from Former foreigner Minister Shah Mohammad Quershi who said Raymond Davis doesn’t enjoy immunity and Ms.Fauzia Wahab said, he does enjoy immunity?
Declan Walsh: This case has clearly caused divisions within the PPP, between those politicians who are perceived to be close to the intelligence agencies and those who are not. But they may just be perceptions – the key question is whether the Foreign Office had given Davis immunity or not. But in many senses, this whole affair is about more than just the facts now – it’s about politics too.
Veengas: Raymond Davis case has sparked anti-American sentiment and religious parties uplift it, even though Punjab Government cleared said that they would not be compromised on Pakistan sovereignty after these sign, will Raymond Davis get immunity?
Declan Walsh: I think some deal will be struck that will allow Davis to leave Pakistan. Maybe not tomorrow, but perhaps in two weeks, or two months. In the end, it will be a technical question as to whether he leaves under immunity or under some other deal.
Veengas: Do you think Raymond Davis case is becoming politically even by People’s Party Pakistan member Mr. Qureshi and religious parties plus Punjab Government?
Declan Walsh: It reflects the tortured relationship between Pakistan and the US, which started back in the 50s under General Ayub. So it’s political for everyone.
Veengas: Raymond Davis case is in Trail Lahore court in-camera session, do you think courts will freely decision or come under pressure?
Declan Walsh: Impossible for me to say.
Veengas: If Raymond Davis gets immunity, will PPP enjoy power in government?
Declan Walsh: How the PPP handles the case will be very important for the stability of the government. I think they will try very hard to ensure that whatever solution they come up with, it will have the agreement (private, if not public) of the army and the opposition parties, which are the two forces that have the power to destabilize the government.
By Nouroz Baloch
Two dead bodies of missing persons have been found in Balochistan. Turbat Levies recovered bodies by information of citizens who saw these on road side in Herrnok area is 40 kilometer a small town from City. The victims have been recognized and Baloch Nationalists protested against the continued recovery of the bodies of abducted Baloch political activists. BSO-Azad spokesmen said Qayyum Baloch belonged to their organization for more eight years and he was member of Central Committee. He was from Gwadar with a revolutionary mind and we will ever remember his sacrifices for organization and Baloch. Many members of their organization are still missing, further he said. While other deceased Jameel Yaqoub was affiliated with BNP-Mengal shot dead by unknowns.
Another died body near Sabzal Road Quetta found where a passerby informed the police. Afterward body was shifted to nearer hospital Bolan Medical for postmortem, where the victim was identified as Abdul Jabbar Langove son of Muhammad Baksh Lango. His nativity was mentioned Mungochar tehsil of Kalat district. Hospital sources informed that the victim was shot in the head, which caused an instant death.
“A letter was found from the body in which his name was written,” police said. A case was registered and investigations were underway.
Nasarullah Baloch chairman of Voice for Missing Persons informed to media that Abdul Jabbar Langove was missing for one month, he disappeared from Mungochar however they didn’t include his name list of missing persons.
The bullet riddled body of Arzi Khan Marri was found near Zero point in Uthal. It is to be remembered that Arzi Khan Marri had gone for missing with Sohbat Khan Marri who’s died body already found from Dasht area. The victims’ family members accused government agencies for cold blood murder of their relatives.
A man Saeed Ahmad Mengal was found in Khuzdar town. Family members provided information to reporters that Saeed was working as a labour in Panjgure and he had been abducted from there few weeks ago by unknowns and now his died body is received.
With other walk of life political workers are facing troubles and their party members are going for missing as well they are receiving tortured bodies in ongoing series. The political workers Mehboob Wadela of the Baloch National Movement (BNM) and Rehman Arif of the Baloch Republican Party (BRP), tortured bodies found.
Party sources told to media that before few months ago Mahboob Wadela Baloch was off-loaded, from a passenger van when he was on his way from Karachi to Gawadar, by security agencies. Till that time he was missing and they were unaware of his where about, now they received Wadela’s died body.
About Abdul Rehman Arif, Baloch Republican Party informed that he was abducted on 3, September, 2010 from outside a hospital near Rancho lane area of Karachi. He was the Gawadar zone president of theirs party BRP.
A young man Faiz Mohammad Marri tortured body found from Dasht near the Quetta. The family member told that he was missing for three months when security forces raided at his home in Karachi and arrested him with his cousin Khan Mohammad Marri. Now they have received his body with severe torture signs.
A human rights activist and coordinator of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) district Khuzdar, Naeem Sabir Jamaldini, has been gunned downed in Khuzdar market. He was standing near his shop in Khuzdar market when unknown cloaked motorcyclists opened indiscriminate fire on him. He received bullets on his head and died instantly on the spot. Afterward an underground organization Baloch Difah Army claimed for responsibility murder of Naeem Sabir. He was a renowned social activist and a writer in Khuzdar. He was also the chairman of Health and Rural Development (HARD) Balochistan. He was opposing to celebrate culture day because of ongoing situation of Balochistan and recovering of Baloch youth died bodies and missing of Baloch. Because Vsh TV and some parliamentarian Baloch parties and their students wings were celebrating 2nd March 2011 in relation to International Culture Day.
Different organization of Baloch Nationalists claimed that during past seven months they have received more than 130 dead bodies and thousands are missing of their workers. They are feared that they may not be treated as ongoing fashion of killing. They said. These nationalist parties and organizations appealed to humanitarian and international organizations to poke matter for human bases and halt further killings.
We don’t know what will be happened with us? When we lost, we were detected this thing happened us. We are living in state as we are criminal or deaf and dumb, statesmen can do whatever they want us? But I will not allow them; they count me in animal cart. Said Ms. Ayesha who was criticizing on Pakistan ruling class.
This is not one Ms. Ayesha who is criticizing on government system, here is many people those have anger at government working. Since Pakistan developed in shape of country, common people have only been using as term card nothing else.
Pakistan has lost its image inside and outside by ruling class. Unfortunate, native people of this country have been counting dead bodies for long time.
Even Mir (not his real name) from Karachi said, my forefather received died body, my grandfather had gotten died body, my father dig upped his beloveds and now I myself has received died bodies. Our home-gate is witnessed how many we have been receiving died bodies. He sadly shared; I don’t know why are we born? Are we only for seeing funerals?
This is not only Ayesha and Mir, those have seen bitter things but we have more stories fill up in blood and broken promises.
State Art, where we read governing system when we take look at Pakistan governing system, instead governing system, have been one ruling class in the name of governing system. Of course, where one class has authorized, can not be cared majorities rights in fact majorities rights are being under feet of that one class ruling as in Pakistan has system of one class ruling authorized.
So, how can we talk about dominion of country which has sold sovereignty on other hands? Interesting point is, whenever we seen decade of Dictators, have sold Pakistan’s sovereignty. From General Ayub Khan to General Musharaf all dictators has had sold Pakistan.
Even though while ruling of Dictators no one speaks up and when they get green flag, now all of you can speak up against dictators. This is double attitude which exists among Pakistanis.
In era of Musharaf dictator, what he did, how he applied policies? Have we heard about him? We were being heard when his last days of ruling.
Nowadays we are hearing big voices against Drone attacks, these are violating Pakistan’s sovereignty, when this authority were given in 2004 nowhere single voice talked for sovereignty.
Today we are heard voice against Drone attacks even that Pakistani Political Parties those were partner in Musharaf Era, they speak now for sovereignty of country.
Drone attacks run by US for killing Taliban, by Drone technology no doubt instead one Taliban, common citizen died. One drone attack gives 9-10 deaths.
One of North Wazirstan citizen shared his views that, we are beating by three parties, one Taliban, second America and third Pakistani army. They don’t care us, now let me know, how could we stop Taliban when they entered in our house with gun, if we say some thing they will open fire at our children, then we receive drone attacks.
We don’t have single side for spending life each sides have gun those are opening fire at us.
Drone attacks have been killing people since 2004, what has happened? Just single report published and again we see these attacks.
I pray one day god will justice while weeping said North Wazirstan citizen.
Who will justice and when? We all don’t have idea. I am here going to share table to Drone attacks that was prepared by Conflict Monitoring Center organization:-
Year Drone Attacks Fatalities
2004–07 9 109
2008 34 296
2009 53 709
2010 132 938
Total 228 2052
In Bush Era, Drone attacks were in low rate but after Mr. Barak Obama who has slogan of Change, we don’t see change in policies instead we have seen changing in speed up Bush’s policies though.
This above table shows, drone attacks have been starting in Musharaf Era. No one talked against it, killing is killing whatever its cost?
At least now we have cleared up sovereignty of country being exploited by these one man shows than common people.
This is interesting analysis that why Drone attacks are? If US has believed in Pakistan strategy.
Other point runs that US is claiming that they are powerful state, so there are two views, small group of Taliban is given defeat to US, if not; it means coin of Taliban are from US itself Bank.
I am here not remarking final point but all points are running when people see dull strategy and getting yet failure results.
According to BBC survey Data on Drone attacks where BBC mentioned that militants attack are than drones, militants are getting upbeat.
Drone attacks only can kill rare Taliban they don’t have more number of Taliban than common people.
Waqar Qurish expert of IT from Karachi said I am not supporting drones attack; this is not way to win any war. If they are claimed that they killed Baitullah Mehsud in August 2009, who has evidence that he has been killed? We have only one picture and are told he has killed.
If they covet to use drone attacks I suggest them, first they attack on Rehman Malik.
Drones attack is on hot-topic in Pakistan. In July 2010 BBC, “The US should just give us the technology,” says Rehman Malik. “If we do it ourselves, Pakistanis won’t mind.”
Why have they forgotten that murder is murder either with little gun or big gun. Question is not who is violating sovereignty; people are worried for innocent killings.
Although Mr. Malik, has forgotten, sovereignty exists with people not on getting command on technology.
After Raymond Davis Case, major concern on drone attacks and signs are shown that Pakistan is forcing to take over charge on drone technology and it may have used for Baloch fighters, Taliban instead.
Drones Attack & Balochistan:-
Now round table is going change, US has done its work in this region and of course US has mood to move on middle East and Africa sides for getting more resources.
Raymond Davis Case, maybe give less calmness. Question is this will US give Drone technology if not, maybe US access to Drones for using it under US command.
Mostly people have analysis that if drones use in Balochistan, it will be created like Volcano for Pakistan. Because Balochistan is not as Tribal area.
We can not say in conformation that Balochistan will face drones attack but signs are given message that in the name of Taliban perhaps drones mouth will be opened on Balochistan.
If this happens, will only suggest that now Balochistan has had experienced its bitter problems. Balochistan common people has gotten voice and now they are speaking themselves, yes of course, there is tribal system, this system has been losing its grip among people now Balochs has made minds for their survive.
After drone attacks, Balochistan would on road that no one will be able return on talks table.
Right now we are analysis numbers of Fatalities and can be talked on its results if it runs in Balochistan; we may not be talked like that.
Whatever, killing innocent people by any method it is abuse on human.
May like Rehman Malik ministers get little sense that whether killing from outsider or insider, it must be condemned and denied.
And Pakistan country has bitter experience, attacks never given solution only digged black hole. Are they again digging one more black hole by drone attacks?
By Yousaf Ajab Baloch
The Chief justice of Balochistan, Mr. Justice Qazi Faez Essa, in his recent media talk during a visit to the border town of Chaman to inaugurate a court building, said that most of the missing persons had been recovered and he himself had concluded some sixty cases of the missing persons, released through the law and there are few charged with crimes.
The statement of the Chief Justice of Balochistan is not only strange but also baffling that more the sixty missing persons have been “released” but the affected families do not know the whereabouts of their loved ones and they insist that none of these missing persons has returned home yet. It is crystal clear that apart from seven to eight missing persons, no one else has been brought before the court. According to the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VMBP), thousands Baloch youth, political workers, journalists and people from different walks of life are currently missing. The organization alleges that intelligence agencies have whisked them away with the collaboration of the forces.
The revelation of Balochistan’s Chief Justice seems beyond common sense. Because according to the international media, human rights organizations, and the statements of Voice for Missing Baloch Persons since June 2010 till now more than hundred decomposed and mutilated dead bodies have been found from different areas of the province of Balochistan. All of these victims were firstly abducted and subsequently killed in a similar inhuman fashion and none of them had been brought before the court to face the charges they faced due to which they were detained.
Cases that the Chief Justice of Balochistan is talking about may be the ones pertaining to the criminals who were in the custody of police and charged with some crimes. But they do not seem to include the missing persons or in simple words the Chief Justice is deliberately attempting to confuse the criminals with those Balochs who were directly abducted by forces and then illegally handed over to the intelligence agencies. The worsening situation of missing persons and recovery of their bullet -riddled dead bodies has indeed remarkably embarrassed our judiciary which has totally failed to act in support of the missing persons. Worst still, some of the victims of enforced disappearances were none other than lawyers but the judiciary even did not take tangible measures for those affiliated with the legal profession.
It is no skeleton in the cupboard that government functionaries abducted the president of Baloch National Movement (BNM) Waja Ghulam Muhammad, Lala Munir Baloch, Sher Muhammad Baloch from the legal chamber of former Leader of the Opposition in the Balochistan Assembly. Immediately, their tortured and decomposed dead bodies were found at Murghab in Turbat. Mr. Kachkool Ali was the only eyewitness to come before the court and record his statement against intelligence agencies and F.C other than he was threatened to the extent that he had to flee the country in orders to avoid meeting a similar fate.
Suo moto action taken by the Balochistan High court became ineffective and until today the High Court has failed to properly debunk the horrific murders and bring the culprits to justice.
Furthermore, the abduction of lawyer and writer Zaman Marri and Waja Ali Shir Kurd was another affront to the judiciary. As luck would have it, the judiciary remained silent and helpless after the recovery of the brutally tortured dead bodies of the two Baloch lawyers.
No doubt, the judiciary has not only failed to provide justice to its own affected professionals and lawyers but has also drastically failed to mitigate the anguish of the missing persons’ families. The inordinate delay in provision of justice to the people of Balochistan validates the fact that the state is run by elements disrespectful of the judiciary, government, human rights organizations and the media.
Stark silence of the so-called democratic institutions, social organizations, media and the democratic government on the “kill and dump policy” of Baloch nation is obvious and as if according to their will but now the tacit role of judiciary also implies that they all are unanimous to the situation against the Baloch nation.
If the judiciary is interested in providing justice to the victim families of Baloch missing families or murdered ones then the process of dispensing justice should commence from releasing the initial missing persons such as Ghulam Mustafa Shahwani and Ali Asghar BangulZai and some others.
It has been experienced over the years that institutions in Pakistan deliberately hide their heads in the sand on the subject of Baloch missing persons; especially the judiciary has never earnestly endeavored to summon the perpetrators of the kill and dump policy. Why are they above the law? What has made their secrete state so powerful? Ironically, these perpetrators, who apparently remain beyond the reach of the judiciary, are also pleased to the role of the judges, the Pakistani media as well as some segments of the human rights organization. The recent statement of the Chief Justice of Balochistan about Baloch missing persons is seemingly an implicit message of assurance and endorsement to the intelligence agencies and the forces that “you cover my face I cover your face”.
By Ahmed Khan.
Masses uprising in Arab countries are being declared process toward democracy. Leftist intellectual are naming it revolution and some intellectuals are prognosticating that this is game of imperialist to prolong her hegemony on world. To understand the realities, some systems and matters are discussed here.
Social democracy teaches that a common person is elected by masses for a specific period but all powers won’t be set in single person. Leader never enjoys much incentives and privileges than masses and he is bound to work in circle of constitution or satisfy to masses rationally by his acts. After the completion the tenor he will be de-promoted on same rank on which he was prior to getting seat of leadership. Simply he goes among the masses and becomes like them. In fact masses are real power that render authorities to someone and take back these.
The other kind, the democracy is defined as, a form of political organization in which all people, through consensus (consensus democracy), direct referendum (direct democracy), or elected representatives (representative democracy) exercise equal control over the matters which affect their interests. The term comes from the Greek “rule of the people”, which was coined from (dêmos) “people” and (Kratos) “power”, in the middle of the 5th-4th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states. Notably, Athens followed a popular uprising in 508 BC. Even though there is no specific, universally accepted definition of ‘democracy’, equality and freedom have been identified as important characteristics of democracy since ancient times. These principles are reflected in all citizens being equal before the law and having equal access to power.
Arab countries are ruled under monarchism for long time due that institutions couldn’t thrive there. But it is nature or evolution process that things get ripped whether these are being worked or not. Same phenomenon repeated itself in Arab states. Where western fake democrats never thought to teach or train to Arab in field of democracy and they perpetrated this merely for their interests. Even they supported despotic to suppress their masses and enhance their avidity to make pile of wealth. Democracy comes after long process in human society. But in Arab current upsurge is being proclaimed as democracy by occupied media of capitalist. It is another argument that democracy also failed to serve in better way to mankind.
In Tunsia a university passed man because of joblessness started small business of fruit and vegetable vender on pushcart and town authorities asked for permission as prevailed laws. He couldn’t provide legal documents to authority and got frustrated. Consequently, he set fire to himself for committing suicide. Photos of burnt man published on facebook and tweeter so people became furious and took in street with arms to kill rulers who are naive from poor people needs. Commotions in entire country were taking place and flood of mass were marching toward the rulers’ palaces they had no way except to flee from country. State’s president Zain-ul-Abidin escaped toward France but French authorities denied accepting him in their country. Another astonishing thing is this that Saudi Arabia provided safe place to fled president with his family. Saudi Arabia is the country where Islamic laws are prevailing, if a common person steals or smuggles something because of hunger to earn an amount and provide food to stomach, that person is to be decapitated but corrupt rulers who denied million peoples from their due rights or they are killer of thousands are provided amenities as they are in paradise. Question rises why not Islamic laws for rulers or elite class.
Tunisia is rich with natural resources. There masses got fed-up from authoritarian but lacks institutions for democracy and socialist mind (exists in very small number). Otherwise this change could be a revolution. Now it is merely a change. Prime Minister occupied position of president and announced elections within few months. It is sure that those elements will come in power who were already enjoying or belonging to elite class, only faces get changed. But system and lives change required to be processed through ideological phase. However, this is positive aspect that ossification broke and new things will take place.
In Egypt 80 years old monarch Hussani Mubarak abdicated by masses after severe protest. Who occupied throne after military a coup a long 40 years before. During the protest many lost their lives but their paid sacrifices ousted a tout. Mubarak ever sought shelter under the umbrella of imperialist and snatched mouth morsel of his nation merely for remaining in rule. Here Arab Nationalist and Al-Akhwan an Islamic group played their role. Egypt is situated on key point as strategically. Swiss river flows in this country and produces oil to world in large quantity and it is in neighbor of Israel (base of imperialist in Middle East). During the protest gas pipe line was blown by unknown, through this gas was supplied to Israel. It is probable that Arab Nationalist hands are behind such incidents. These elements are follower of Jamal Abdul Nasir. Al-Akhwan is Islamic party of Egypt these both group oppose imperialist interests in the region but Al-Akhwan was ideologically based on religion. Here imperialist seems reluctant from both groups Arab Nationalist and Al-Akhwan to come in power, because these group’s policies are averse from Israeli interest in region. In Egypt change occurred but it can’t be named with revolution.
In Libya wind of change has started blowing and protestors stood against totalitarian. Momar Qadafi has been enjoying throne an oil rich country of Africa for a long time. When he got bridles of governing in his hand, he was inclined toward socialist system but with the passage of time he abandoned these principles and only preferred his own interests and made pile of wealth instead of serving fellow citizens. Mr. Qadafi hasn’t let any system or institutions to thrive in state. He kept control on each and every thing with the help of family members. This country was running by army or committees who were underhand of Qadafi or his family members. Some tribal were paid incentives to support un-philanthropic acts of rulers. After the Qadafi state will fell in civil war, because weapons fell in hands of rebels. Country lacks political parties or institutional infrastructure but only consist on various tribes.
Protest rouse in other Arab states like Behrain, Iraq, Iran, Marco and Syria. Behrain situation is like Libya. One an after other state’s monarch is being farewell by masses power. Let see where series will stop. It is observed in Tunisia and Egypt that army or other security forces supported to masses against dictators. It is not empty of mysteries that these countries army is influenced by imperialist. This possibility can not be discarded that imperialist is behind entire game.
This time imperialist is trying to setback revolution in these states to hoodwink the world that she is supporter of masses not of dictators and she is pro-democracy. Because in current situations are ideal for revolution. But worlds’ socialists do not seem potential to turn circumstances in their favor. Marxist defines revolution as change of mode of production and capitalist or democrats say complete change of constitution is revolution. The both defined systems are not being applied in these Arab states merely rulers getting changed.
From these situations it can be analyzed that Imperialist is thinking that she will continue its dominating process by new faces. But it seems that because of these transactions imperialist grip will be loosed with new setting. If these oil producing countries stop or disturb supply of oil to America, then her economy will be collapsed or destabilized. From this those countries or organization will once again emerge or stand who are rival of sole supper power. And they are waiting form long cycle for their turn and planning strategies for re-ascendancy.
By Shaheen Baranzai.
A large number of Baloch people have gone for missing, they are belonging to different walk of life like political workers, student, government servant, labor and various categories. These missing persons’ relatives formed an organization with name of Voice for Baloch Missing Persons to raise voice for their beloved on dissimilar forums. The list of missing persons contains 149 women and 169 children and it is prolong to 14000. Fewest names are as, Jalil Reki, Sana Sangat, Dr. Din Mohd, Zakir Majeed, Mir Ghaffar Langove, Mir Wadood Raisani, Ghafoor Baloch, Ali Asghar Bangulzai, Sami Mengal, Hafiz Saeed-ur-Rehman Bangulzai, Shamas Baloch, Agha Abid Shah, Safeer Baloch, Sattar Baloch, Sameer Baloch, Waleed Afzal, Sahib Khan Baloch and so on. This information are provided while reporting to camp of Voice for Baloch Missing Persons which re-erected their protest camp in Quetta after gape of months when they were in Karachi for same purpose.
Abdul Qadeer Reki VBMP leader told that they pitched this hunger strike camp on July 28, 2010 by a press conference in front of Quetta press club. And on December 15, 2010 they conducted press conference and shifted camp to Karachi. On December 19, 2010 they had set up their camp in front of Karachi press club, which continued till February 20, 2011. And now once again they shifted camp here Quetta. He told.
They will shift their camp to federal capital Islamabad on March 20, 2011. They will continue their protest until release of 14000 Baloch missing persons and they won’t withdraw from firmed programe in case of even single person on missing. Further they informed.
Relatives of missing persons complained that during this prolong protest even solitary provincial or federal governments responsible authority hasn’t contacted to them. Albeit Amnesty International, Asian Human Rights organizations contacted with them and they provided information of missing persons and made them aware from oppresses on Baloch. They told.
By Wahid Bukhsh Baloch
Baloch leaders are striving for promotion of Baloch independence voice on international forum. In this campaign great nationalist leader Khair Bukhsh Marri sons Hyrbair Marri and Mehran Baloch alias Zamran Marri are also working. When Baloch insurgent gave tiff time to state elements domestically then they started hounding to abroad living Baloch leaders, but here they also met failure. In local papers this story published “British government approved political asylum of Hyrbair Marri”. Khan Kalat already gained political asylum in Britain.
On Balochwarna.com a report had published on behalf of Hyrbair Marri that his purpose of staying in Britain is to raise voice worldwide against occupation on Balochistan by abiding international laws. During the stay in Britain he never violated laws. Britain government ever gave priority to her interests but turned face from this state oppresses on Baloch. It is my fundamental right and national obligation to raise voice for my nation on any forum, because our independence is snatched and we are made enslaved. British government is deliberately creating such environment that I don’t be able to stay here, mine residence and movement are supervised and confined by them. I was never intending for political asylum. After consultation to lawyers and advises of friends he became bound to stepped-up to direct appeal from British government because it is in large interest of Baloch nation and only option to achieve our common object.
British government rejected Hyrbiar application of political asylum and via a letter notified that his life has no threat in Pakistan because his father Khair Bukhsh Marri is staying in Karachi out of any pressure by state. After rejection by authorities Hyrbiar Marri lodged his case in immigration court. Baloch leader’s prosecutors persuaded judge by solid logical arguments that Baloch legend Che Guera and his elder brother Balach Marri martyred by state elements and former dictator Preves Musharraf threatened to him that in case of repatriation he will face states’ wrath for insurgency in Balochistan. They informed to judge that presently entire Balochistan particularly Dera Bugti and Kohistan Marri areas are under massive operation by state. In these circumstances if their clientele returned to Balochistan then states’ agency can harm him fatally. Likewise argues were provided to court and then his political asylum has been endorsed and declared Balochistan situations complicated.
Talking to international media Baloch leader Hyrbiar Marri told that after getting political asylum in Britain he is not glade, because he is not physically among their people, but I will try to unite Balochs worldwide. It is to be memorized that after wining political asylum of Hyrbiar Marri, Baloch Republican Party spokesmen Sher Mohd Bugti informed that grandson of Akbar Khan Bugti and president of theirs party Brahamdagh Bugti arrived to Switzerland. After martyrdom of Akbar Khan Bugti and Balach Marri his life was endangers, hence he fled to there and now he will inform to United Nations plight of Baloch nation. Afterward Barahamdagh Bugti meeting news with Kofi Anan also published in newspapers.
Now Baloch Nationalist parties ought to escalate their protest and come forth with missing persons’ families and raise voice untills international communities get aware from Baloch issue. In this way Baloch will be able to recognize their movement on international level.
Bolan Voice Report
The Pakistan government must immediately provide accountability for the alarming number of killings and abductions in Balochistan attributed to government forces in recent months, Amnesty International.
Amnesty International also called on Baloch armed groups to avoid attacks that target or endanger civilians, in the face of escalating attacks on government workers and non-Baloch residents of the province.
In the last four months, at least 90 Baloch activists, teachers, journalists and lawyers have disappeared or been murdered, many in “kill and dump” operations, according to information compiled by Amnesty International. Their bullet-ridden bodies, most bearing torture marks, have been recovered across Balochistan.
“Since October, every month has seen an increase in the cases of alleged disappearances and unlawful killings,” said Sam Zarifi, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Director. “These atrocities are carried out with flagrant impunity. Credible investigations into these incidents – resulting in prosecutions – are absolutely necessary to establish some trust between the Baloch people and the Pakistan government.”
The victims’ relatives and Baloch groups blame the “kill and dump” incidents on Pakistani security forces, particularly the Frontier Corps and intelligence agencies. Many of the victims were abducted by uniformed Frontier Corps soldiers, often accompanying men in plain clothes, in front of multiple witnesses.
Security forces deny the charges, claiming that the deaths were a result of rivalry between Baloch militant groups.
“The human rights crisis in Balochistan has largely been ignored, even inside Pakistan, but thousands of people are not only suffering from extreme deprivation but discrimination, insecurity and human rights abuses on a massive scale,” said Sam Zarifi.
“Human rights abuses attributed to the security agencies have created a climate of fear for the families of the disappeared. They are terrified to speak out in fear that security agents will kill their loved ones or abduct other family members in reprisal.”
Armed Baloch groups have also been implicated in a surge in targeted killings of non-Baloch civilians and government employees, including teachers at government education institutions. Hundreds of teachers have fled the province as a result of these killings, bringing the education system to breaking point.
Baloch armed groups have claimed responsibility for a series of bombings on gas infrastructure causing a desperate shortage of fuel for cooking and heating throughout the province during the coldest period of the year. Sectarian targeted killings have also increased, and Balochistan’s Hazara Shi’a community claims that Taliban and Sunni extremists have murdered hundreds of their members since 2004.
“Baloch armed groups must also avoid endangering civilians,” said Sam Zarifi. “The apparent targeting of civilians, teachers and government officials by Baloch groups, has forced many of them to flee the province, which only worsens conditions for the already poorly-served Baloch people.”
In November 2009, the Pakistan Government attempted to address long-running Baloch grievances about economic and political disenfranchisement and human rights abuses with a package of laws called the Aghaz Huqooq-e-Balochistan (the Beginning of Rights of Balochistan). However, according to a recent report in the Dawn newspaper, only a quarter of the proposed measures have been implemented thus far.
Amnesty International calls on the Pakistan government to:
Investigate all alleged human rights abuses, including all “disappearances” recorded by the judicial Commission of Inquiry for Missing Persons;
Bring all perpetrators of abuses to justice, whether they belong to security forces or non-state armed groups; and ensure that all individuals brought to justice receive a fair trial and are not subjected to torture or other abuse in detention.
“Pakistan’s foreign allies should ensure military assistance is not linked to human rights abuses in Balochistan,” said Sam Zarifi.
“As Pakistan’s most significant international allies, Amnesty International calls on the United States and China to ensure their support for security forces in Balochistan does not assist human rights abusers.”
Balochistan has a long history of civil and armed unrest since the creation of Pakistan in 1947, with ethnic Baloch groups advocating greater autonomy within the state or complete separation.
Balochistan holds the largest single source of domestic energy reserves in Pakistan, but Baloch groups argue these resources disproportionately benefit other provinces and ethnic communities.
The Baloch people remain one of the poorest communities within Pakistan with some of the lowest literacy and employment rates and life expectancies.
By Shaheen Baranzai
The government of Balochistan has firmly rejected the recent statement of international watchdog Amnesty
International which demanded accountability into the abduction and murder of Baloch political worker which were attributed to the government institutions.
The province’s Secretary for Home and Tribal Affairs, Akbar Hussain Durrani, told the media that the Amnesty International report on Balochistan was contrary to the ground realities of the province. He blamed it was an effort to disgrace the Balochistan government.
“The provincial government has taken concrete measures to restore law and order in the province. Improvement in the situation can be judged from the decline in the number of target killings that have been taking place in the province in the recent past. We have made significant progress in curbing lawlessness in the province,” he argued.
Concerning the recovery of the missing persons, the Secretary wondered how the Amnesty International judged the identity of the murderers because most families did not allegedly cooperate with the government to conduct a postmortem of the killed citizens. “It is wrong to blame someone for the killings even without establishing the causes of the murders,” he said.
Durrani said anti-peace elements were trying to destabilize Balochistan but the government would not let them succeed in their designs.
Zulfiqar Ali Magsi governor Balochistan had requested Chief of Army Staff (COAS) Gen Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani to launch a military operation in the province. FC officials were picking up citizens in broad daylight. Salah-ud-Din Mengal remarked in Supreme Court.
Bolan Voice Report
The government should take practical steps instead of issuing policy statements regarding targeted killings in Balochistan, remarked Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry as the Supreme Court resumed the hearing on a petition filed over the rising incidents of abductions and targeted killings in the province.
Proceeding with the plea filed by the Balochistan High Court Bar Association (BHCBA) president, the three-member apex court bench, comprising Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Justice Muhammad Sair Ali and Justice Ghulam Rabbani, directed the federal and Balochistan governments to take practical steps over the deteriorating security situation in Balochistan.
The court also summoned the Balochistan chief secretary on March 8 and ordered the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and Military Intelligence (MI) to furnish their reports through the attorney general of Pakistan (AGP) over the situation in the province. It also reissued a notice to the Frontier Corp (FC) inspector general while ordering the authorities concerned to step up efforts for the recovery of missing persons and submit a progress report in this respect.
The bench directed the Balochistan chief secretary to suggest measures to the federal government as well as the court to help it hand down an order to ensure enforcement of the fundamental rights guaranteed to the people of Balochistan.
The court had, on the last hearing, observed that the situation of law and order required to be tackled in accordance with the constitution and law.
On Wednesday, the court ruled that under Article 9 of the constitution, it was the prime duty of the federal and provincial governments to take steps for ensuring protection to the life and property of the people without discrimination.
At the beginning of the proceedings, AGP Maulvi Anwarul Haq informed the court that the federal government was serious in restoring peace in Balochistan and that the prime minister had also discussed the issue on the floor of the National Assembly. He also submitted a copy of the prime minister’s speech to the court. The petitioner, President Hadi Shakeel Ahmed, told the court that although most of the Balochistan ministers were heads of different jirgas, no efforts were being made to improve security situation in the province. He said that until now, the Balochistan chief minister had not even called a single cabinet meeting over the matter.
The Chief Justice of Pakistan observed that due to the deteriorating security situation, the people of Balochistan had started migrating (to other provinces).
Balochistan Advocate General, Salahuddin Mengal, informed the court that the Balochistan governor had requested Chief of Army Staff (COAS) Gen Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani to launch a military operation in the province. He told the court that FC officials were picking up citizens in broad daylight.
Upon this, the Chief Justice of Pakistan asked him to submit a written statement to the court, which would then summon the FC commander. Further hearing was adjourned until March 8, after the bench held that due to the seriousness of the issue, it could not put off for an indefinite period.
By: Nusrat Khan Afghani, Advocate High Court
Due to Unbroken relationship of Politics and literature in class society partiality of literati may be seen in their writings. Consciously or advertently a poet represents the interests of either one or other class. Marxism, first time in history, developed the theory of ‘Art for Society’ while the supporters of status quo in society held up the dogma of ‘Art for Art’. In the conflict between these theories, Marxists never missed any opportunity to expose the protagonists of the later theory: but in Sub-Continent especially in Pakistan the same task could not be carried out in proper way because of ruthless attacks by the state machinery on Marxism. Every government in Pakistan extended its full support not only to the right wing religious intellectuals but also produced and projected such writers as leftist poets or literary persons who had no affiliation with the theory of Marxism or with the working class. These elements in the name of revolution oiled the wheels to crush the working class movements as well as to save the enormous interests of the dominated class and imperialist forces. Consequently ‘art representing the society’ was taken over by the followers of ‘art for art’. Those for whom Socialism and Revolution were their fashion items likewise their jeans, dresses, hair style or smoking, became the monopolist of art or literature for society. These monopolists in addition to obtaining monetary advantages got their relatives etc posted on key positions. Unofficial status of sacredness was endowed to them by the governments and critique was banned accordingly despite this fact that most of them even deserved no literary criticism. However illusory practice of ruling elite requires response to expose hidden face of certain elements.
Similar is the case of Faiz Ahmed Faiz, who even was not able to be compared with the giants of Urdu revolutionary literature especially in poetry such as Sahir Ludhiyanvi, Kaify Azami, Majrooh, Gulzar and Habib Jalib. But recently on his centenary, he was portrayed as Marxist revolutionary poet of Urdu by the dominated class in Pakistan: a poet who neither remained the poet of working masses nor his poetry concerned with the working classes. There always arises a question in regard of ‘poetry for the society’ that where the poet is being listened? Faiz is not listened in trade union sessions, in huts nor in working places but is listened in the gatherings of civilian and military bureaucrats, bourgeoisie, landlords, businessmen and conservative petty bourgeoisie, where awkward voices sing Faiz’s poetry. Faiz himself was a poet of similar and belonged to same class. Prior to discuss his status as ‘socialist poet’ let us assess his self-styled political achievements.
Marx once wrote that the philosophers only interpreted the world in different ways but the real task is to change the same. How much greater ideological one may be, how much books one may had read but if he is not playing his role in struggle to change the world he can never be a Marxist. Lenin emphasized that a person far-flung from practice must cease reading and thinking.
Faiz’s joining of British Indian Army (B.I.A) is memorized by his admirers an act to defend Soviet Union against Nazi Germany.
However circumstances and facts narrate a different story. Joining an imperialist army to defend the workers of Soviet Union is beyond a joke. Faiz could join Soviet Red Army to defend Soviet Union but he joined B.I.A at a time when a revolutionary movement was erupting across India for which British government was in need of new military recruitments. B.I.A was brought into play to crush revolutionary uprising in India and to protect the imperialist regime. In Jalianwala Bagh hundreds of Indians were killed by the same army: Bhagat Singh and other comrades were martyred by British Government in India. All these acts of B.I.A caused irreparable loss to Soviet Union and International Socialist Movement.
Faiz is also considered as a ‘hero’ of Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case (R.C.C) planned by military generals to topple the civilian government: though main characters of the conspiracy are not discussed. What was the real situation?
Socialism negates all kinds of conspiracies and completely trusts upon the power of masses. RC was allegedly prepared by generals who were unhappy with cease fire in Kashmir by the government of Pakistan considering the government’s step as betrayal with Kashmir, Pakistan, Army and Tribesmen. Connection of communist party with the ultra rightist generals against a democratic civilian government always remained a mystery. Military operation in Kashmir is considered as an ‘idiotic decision’ of the establishment: an adventure which could destroy the peoples of India and Pakistan and might elevate religious extremism in region. Such kind of practice of Sajad Zahir1 and Faiz is equivalent to support of today’s religious extremism lead by Gen (retired) Hameed Gul or Gen (ret) Aslam Beg. It is also said that RCC was a preplanned drama to take harsh steps against the working class movements regarding which leaders of Communist Party including Faiz were well aware. Putting communist members of RCC side by side with ‘Anirudha’ of ‘Sagina’2 we may find former more outrageous. Major Ishaq, one the members of the conspiracy who later on founded a socialist party,3 was proud to be a ‘Major’ till his death. It is pertinent to mention here that most of the leftists were pro China, a country which always supported Martial Law regimes in Pakistan against the people of Pakistan. Notwithstanding being a member of conspiracy of high treason Faiz remained behind bars only for four years for which he self praised in his poetry and claimed himself prime leftist poetic intellectual of Pakistan. If ‘spending time in’ prison is an criteria for prominence then thousand of political workers in Pakistan, who either lost their lives or their homes, professions, sources of earnings and best era of their lives i.e. youth for political ideology but never compromised, should be considered greater than Faiz: I am unable to find a single seminar, TV channel program or even an omni list of those who sacrificed for revolution. It is strange that the accused of treason (Faiz) spent only four years in prison while accused of trade union activity (Hassan Nasir4) was martyred in Royal Fort Lahore.
In fact artificiality, hypocrisy and romantic idealism of Pakistani middle class strengthen the false pretences and heroism projected by the state. For upper middle class it was the source of cheeriness while for lower middle class a way to escape from their problems and difficulties for some moments: in such kind of environment poetry of Faiz grew up. (Afsan Chaudhry of Bangladesh labeled Faiz as more than middle class person)
Faiz lacked solid vision towards the society and commitment to write. Seldom had he tried to write salute to love, seldom had he denied love, seldom had he desired to write epic, seldom elegance, and seldom drama: seldom children’s literature attracted him. (With a bourgeoisie point of view as Faiz admitted in his letter that he wished due to non availability of same in market). For Faiz his poetry was not his aim but a job just like of a clerk in an office who despite his displeasure has to study the files and to write accordingly: Faiz made such admission in his following verse,
Hum Jeetey Ji Masroof Rahe
Kuch Ishq Kiya Kuch Kaam Kiya
(I remained busy in my life
Seldom have I loved and seldom have I worked)
It is matters of consideration whether a person can be a revolutionary who even does not love his task? Then why media elevated Faiz? A private TV channel explained that Faiz could not give time to his children.5 If a father is too great to be broadcasted on electronic media for the reason that he could not give time to his children then why hundreds of thousands are not invited on TV who spent their whole lives in struggle and could not give time to their children. Thousands of workers, working in mills situated at Lahore-Shikhupura Road, Shahdra-Wazirabad Road, in SITE Karachi, Hub, Rahimyar Khan, Faisalabad, Kotlakhpat, when leave their houses early in the morning and when they return home at late night they find their children sleeping: thousand of fathers of Swat spend years far away from their homes working in coal mines near Quetta: dozens died in mines and when their funeral reached their villages their children hardly identified their faces. Thousand Pakhtoons because of source of earnings had to live in Karachi or in Lahore for years. Thousand of lower middle class in Pakistan lost their best time of life in struggle. The questions arise whether the status of Faiz as father was extraordinary and peculiar to be discussed on electronic and print media? Does it not express the alienation of Faiz and of his class from society?
Let us scrutinize his poetry and his stand for.
Delusion that Faiz belonged to school of thought representing ‘Art for Society’ requires correction.
His mother language and the language of the society where he lived was Punjabi but we find hardly some poems in the same language otherwise his entire poetry is in Urdu language, the official one of Pakistan but not the mother tongue of any nation prevailing in the Federation. The upper class society, to which Faiz himself belonged, was in practice to use Urdu as domestic language to keep themselves above from the low caste6 working people. The same superior and ruling elite of Punjab with the collaboration of Urdu speaking bourgeoisie of Karachi7 deliberately inserted Persian and Arabic words in Urdu in order to keep their dominance, to improve Islamic Extremism in society for their own vested imperialist interests and to build artificial relationship with so-called Muslim world (Middle East Countries).
Faiz wrote his poetry in the same ‘official’ Urdu, completely alienated from the downtrodden masses of his society. “Mehmal-e-Khuwab” “Hala-e-Aghosh” “Mashkboo”, “Sabaa”, “Lilla Alhamd Ba Anjam Dil Dil Zadgaan Kalma Shukr Banam Labe-eSheereen Dehnan”, “Sarwari” “Mushk Nashtr Almaas”, “Sarmast Shaakhsaar Do Neem”, Rasoo Sare Bazar”, Sehat e Daman”, Gardishe LailoNahar”, :Safeenae Ghame Dil” and “Taabe Gran Bari” are some of the many words and phrases used by Faiz in his poetry which even are not available in ordinary Urdu dictionary.
Graving his personal feelings & emotions in poetry is another point in support of arguments that Faiz belonged to school of thought representing ‘Art for Art’ but not ‘Art for Society’. His culture, civilization, personal feelings, emotions, desires, love, liking and disliking developed in upper class environment completely at odds with the working masses of Pakistan: so the same can not be the representative of the feelings, emotions and requirements of the people at large. Faiz’s entire poetry revolves around his personal feelings and emotions in which self praising is also apparent as he writes:
“Hum Parwarish Loh wa Qalam Karte Rahen Ge
Jo Dil Pe Guzri Hai Woh Raqam Karte Rahen Ge.”
(I shall keep bringing up plank and pen on I shall keep writing up whatever my heart feels)
What were his feelings?
At a time when the country was under worst kind of Martial Law, poverty and unemployment were on their peaks, torture upon political workers could be witnessed on roads and poor people were not able to run their lives then Faiz desired to run the business of his paradise:
“Gullon Men Rang Bhare Bad-e-Nau Bahar Chale
Chale Bhi Aao Ke Gulshan Ka Karobar Chale.”
(Breeze of spring is filling colors in flowers let you come to run the business of paradise)
Romantic poet of elite class being a lily livered was not able to tolerate the troubles of a revolution. He even could not be considered a so-called socialist as his single poem in Urdu “Ham Bhi Dekhen Ge” (We shall watch) can not be said a socialist one but a wish for an Islamic idealism as he after the verse “ Jab TajUchale Jain Ge: Jab Takht Giray Jain Ge” hopes for rule of God:
“Bus Naam Rahe Ga Allah Ka”
(There would be rule of Allah all over the world)
I can not understand how such kind of poem could be recited by Hindu agricultural Labour of Sind,8 Sikh farmer of Punjab9, revolutionary guerilla of South America, Proletariat of India, Communists of Russia, Castro of Cuba or Ted Grant of Britain in an ideological meeting! In fact Faiz wrote his so-called revolutionary poem under the impression of and limitations provided by the ‘Objective Resolution’10 passed by the early Islamic establishment of Pakistan according to which it was necessary for a workers to be a ‘Pakistani Muslim Worker’. Bhutto11’s dogma of Islamic Socialism can be witnessed in the above cited poem.
The “Anthem of a Punjabi farmer” written by Faiz in Punjabi language is a poetic composition based upon the anthem of Communist International written by Eugene Pottier, a fighter of Paris Commune 1871.
Faiz’s views towards resistance differentiate him from genuine Marxists. Resistance is the essence of Marxism distinguishing it from all other ideologies or theories. Theory of Historical Materialism revolves around resistance as revolution is the name of organized resistance. But Faiz was an ardent opponent of resistance: He openly criticized poets and men of letters because of their writings inspired by agitation. He asked workers and other oppressed classes to not to resist but to request for redress of their grievances. In fact he teaches to bear up exploitation, injustice, cruelty and corruption. He was advocate of begging and such moral and literary impotence is evident in his following verse:
“Ek Tarz-eTaghaful Hai So Woh Unko Mubarak
Ek Arz-eTamna Hai So Hum Karte Rahen Gai.”
(Rulers are in habit to ignore as they may do but I shall keep my begging on)
Internationalism is the fundamental principle of Marxism. We concern not with the nationality of the individuals in political struggle but a Marxist must, a part form his nationality, should hold up movement of oppressed nations: he should be opponent of wars of ruling classes and every kind of state violence against masses.
As far as Faiz concerned, in 1972 he admitted that he had written an anthem during the war of 1965 between Pakistan and India as the war for Faiz was a question of security of the ‘nation’. Faiz did not raise voice against United State’s imperialist interference in Pakistan especially on the occasion of U-2 incident and joining of CETO and CENTO by Pakistani authorities to make the people of Pakistan direct subservient of US imperialism. None can find Faiz agitating against Imperialist forces in his poetry excluding his support to Yasir Arfat, a man who had been dumped in history: the reason is the hostility of ruling establishment of Pakistan towards Israel to flatter Arab’s dictators and emperors.
The most regrettable and shameful attitude adopted by Faiz was towards mass execution in Bengal in 1971 in the hands of Pakistani forces and wolves of Jamat-e-Islami (an unofficial ‘B’ team of Pakistani establishment).
Afsan Chaudhry (writer) of Bangladesh complains that Faiz remained silent upon the shocking bloodbath. The books of Faiz explain his calmness: due to excited activities on the event of silver jubilee of Pakistan, Faiz gave preference to watching of six films, produced by Pakistani state Television, upon protest against massacre of Bengalis. Promotion of artificial, rotten and decayed culture of ruling elite was more important then any political activity, that is why he was appointed as chairman of National Arts Council in 1972 and in 1974, when he visited Bangladesh in official capacity as an advisor of Premier of Pakistan, Bengali analysts found him representing slaughterers of more than Three Million Bengalis. Neither Faiz neither condemned butchery nor could show his repentance upon the same but in a very shameful manner wrote the following verses coming home in Pakistan:
“Hum Ke There Ajnabi Itni Mulaqaaton Ke Baad
Phir Banen Ge Aashna Kitni Madaraton Ke Baad
Kab Nazar Aaye Gi Be Dagh Sabze Ki Bahar
Khoon Ke Dhabe Dhulain Ge Kitni Barsaton Ke Baad”
(After a long association we have become strangers, can’t tell when we will be friends again, can’t tell when will see wound less greenery, can’t tell after how many rains marks of bloodshed would be removed)
The last verse of his poem
“Un Kahi Reh Gayee woh Baat Sab Baton ke Baad” (could not speak following all other speeches) shows his lack of moral courage and impotency even to repentance upon bloodshed. Such kind of cowardice is evident from the very beginning. Faiz remained silent upon revolutionary movement across India in 1940s, upon famine in Bengal in 1946, upon execution of great revolutionary Bhagat Singh12, upon massacre of Jalianwal Bagh13 in Punjab, upon massacre at time of partition of India and upon massacre in Bhabhrra14 in 1948. In 70s Faiz was part of Bhutto’s government which launched military operation in Balochistan: he avoided to write in support of Afghan Saur revolution197815.
For Lenin Peace Prize part, the same was not given by Lenin himself but it was Soviet bureaucracy who used to support even counter revolutionaries forces all over the world for instance Gaddafi, Jamal Nasir, Saddam Hussain and Hafiz-ul-Asad.
The point at issue is not to condemn a man of middle class but to defend Marxism. There are many individuals who got and still get advantages for themselves and for their families. But it is obligatory to clear that Marxism has no connection with hollow revolutionaries, absurd liberalism, artificial and wretched culture of ruling elite, middle class idealism, chauvinist nationalism, narrow minded patriotism and with religious extremism which are just like different chapters of same book pertaining different ways to deceive people. Marxism teaches to fight against all these evils. Presuming that ruling elite of a country, imperialist forces and transnational companies do not support above cited tendencies amounts to live in the paradise of fool. As the religious elements are requirement of ‘free’ Britain and ‘secular’ India so the religious extremist establishment of Pakistan has been sponsoring liberals and puppet revolutionaries for decades to reduce their self made frustration as well as to render the people in their control.
In the last I would like to add that Marxist revolutionaries always received allegations of being un-civilized leveled by bourgeoisie: the same may be the position of the text in hand as my words might be in bad odour with opportunist middle class of the country. But truth does not require specific way of description. It is an English saying that ‘Coniine must be coniine but not sugar coated’.
1 Self styled leader of Communist Party of Pakistan
2 Indian film
3Mazdoor Kisan Party
4 Famous Communist activist who even left his wealthy family for his political cause
5 GEO TV: Faiz centenary Program February 2011
6 Caste system based on hereditary of profession exists in India and in Pakistan
7 Migrants from India in 1947 who settled in Karachi
8 Province of Pakistan
9 Province of Pakistan
10 In objective resolution Islam had been declared as supreme law of Pakistan in 1949
11 Zulfiqar ali Bhuttoo: assassinated premier of Pakistan
12 Indian great revolutionary, executed by British imperialist government
13 British forces surrounded a park and open indiscriminate fire upon audience of a political meeting
14 Pakistan forces, surrounded and open indiscriminate fire upon audience of meeting organized by Afghan nationalist forces
15 Afghan Socialist Revolution leaded by PDPA