Author Archives: bolanvoice

Poor quality of engineering in Pakistan

Sara Saleh, Kech

Drawing the government’s attention towards this issue, it speaks of the worst situations of world fastest growing field engineering which has lost its honor in Pakistan. Throughout the world, countries are becoming stronger, safer and stable due to their excellent performance of magnificent engineering. But Pakistan, since its creation, has shown no interest to this particular educational sector. As said that in overall Pakistan, out of 24 universities, just six to them introduced engineering courses. And that lacked appreciable investment with the time, rewarded no improvement at all.

Nevertheless, it is observed that in past 50 years, several universities including private ones flourished considerably. But still engineering has been less contributed. Further, it clarifies the backwardness of Pakistan, where just 1.8% of GDP is spent on education in which even 0.22% doesn’t go for the expenditures of universities.

Beside this, the low standard of teaching engineering is an obstacle for the students to pursue their ambitions with the view to justify with their passions. Undoubtedly, engineering is a particular field, but here it’s taught as if it is Pak Study, Urdu or other subjects. Beyond the extra circular activities, it is ridiculous that is this modernized era they are reading the engineering of 19th and 18th century with the same course books written by the Indian writers. As a result, Pakistan has not been able to produce good engineers to overcome the power crisis in the country. working on new developing ideas, such as the deprivation from the approach of reengineering has made it impossible to apply the recycling process of garbage to produce electricity. Same is the case with other sources of wind energy, tidal and couldn’t have the access. This educational crisis gives no betterment to manufacturing and industry as well.

Though the accredited institutions have brought a little change, they have been beaten at the governmental level, like, the institutions of heavy complex Taxilla, Machine tool factory, Pakistan steel, Karachi shipyard Sindh engineering and the backward areas of Pakistan, Balochsitan, an entire province consisting of only one engineering university, is badly suffering from extensive corruption of bureaucrats. It is sure that under such circumstances, we will continue relying on foreign engineers to construct our infrastructure. And now it remains a question to government that under what sort of hope it is dreaming to build a strong Pakistan while there are no any builders.

Taliban in Balochistan

By. Hasrat Iqbal                                          

hasrat iqbalIt was last Friday when I went to pay my prayers. Soon after the congregation a young man with a long beard and long hair wearing a black turbine round his head stood up in the first row. “Dear Muslim brothers, Tehrik e Taliban Afghanistan are busy in a war against U.S, NATO and their allies in Afghanistan. We are giving sacrifices for upraising the flag of Islam and to defeat our collective enemy U.S and its allies as it duty of every Muslim to fight against the non Muslim invaders. You are appealed to take part in the holy-war, if by any weakness you can not participate then do put your share to help the mujahideen financially”, words of the young man.

In wee, he collected a large sum of money and charity and was then seen off with plenty of esteem too.

The purpose behind this entire story is to say that so much as Pakistan becomes a part of war on terror and negates Taliban; there is political, economical and moral support for Taliban in Pakistan. They are supported politically by religious parties i.e. JUI, JUI-N,  Jamait Dawa, Ehl e Sunnat Wal Jamait, Jmaiat Ehl e Hadis and so on. These groups help them financially as they collect funds and charities for them. They also try to justify Taliban suicide attacks as valid. Afghan Taliban are provided safety and given safe exits after doing any sort of terrorist attacks. Pakistan is their second home as Mullah Umer would often say. It is quite clear that Pakistani establishment supports Taliban in Afghanistan and the U.S reservations seem to be true regarding Haqqani network and Quetta shoora.

On the one hand Pakistan denies talibanisation while on the other hand she supportsStudents sit in their madrasa, or religious school, complex in Quetta Taliban through religious groups. The political leadership of Pakistan condemns U.S drone attacks as it is the soft corner for Taliban for their leadership is being hit via drone attacks and that Pakistan faces its reaction severely. It is all about the double standards that caused Pakistan more problems. There are two major blocs in political dynamics of Pakistan as PPP, ANP, MQM and few other nationalist parties anti Taliban and resist helping afghan Taliban while PML N, PML Q, Awami league, Jamat Dawa,  PTI, JUI, JUI Nazriati, are pro Taliban. The prior have been under the cloud for last five years particularly where as the later were more relaxed. How ever Pakistan has failed to bring a consensus over war against terror even after being allies of the U.S after 9/11.

Now when the U.S is going to wind-up the war against terror in Afghanistan; Quetta shoora and Taliban in Balochistan have been activated deliberately in Balochistan. No doubt Quetta shoora exists in Balochistan as the recent attacks on Hazara community would never be possible without the assistance of Taliban. However, the fresh attacks on NATO trawlers and vehicles in district Mastung and Dasht area make it more confirm. Taliban have political support in Balochistan as well, especially in those districts of Balochistan where JUI and religious groups exist, i.e. Queeta, Qilla Abdullah, Chaman, Qilla Saifullah, Pishin, Ziarat and Loralai. They have main camps and hideouts in different districts of Balochistan.

However, the Baloch nationalists have always condemned the Jihdist movements and the sectarian violence in the region. The nationalists groups of Baloch have been against religious killings and butchery on the name of religion. The Baloch guerilla leader Dr. Allah Nazar Baloch in an interview openly condemned the talibanisation and considered it a tool to deteriorate the Baloch cause as they did in 1971 in Bangladesh by the names of al-shams and al-badar. Lashkar-e-Janghvi (LeJ) Tehrik-e-Nifaz aman, Baloch defence army and some other paper organizations have been installed to counter the Baloch separatist movement as they exploit the name of Islam to justify their attacks. These elements consider the Baloch the traitors and agents of India and other foreign countries and target the Baloch leadership, political persons, doctors, engineers, poets, and Baloch intellectuals. They are also involved in the kill and dump policy of state as they kidnap the Baloch students and political leadership and throw their bullet riddled bodies on roads, in mountains and deserts.

The U.S had better think and revise its policy of departure from Afghanistan because the war against terror will soon be shifted to Balochistan and that the arms and ammo will be used against innocent Baloch masses. The Pakistani establishment plans to make it a hell for the U.S when they pass through Balochistan as they have already started attacks on NATO containers and vehicles carrying goods to Afghanistan. These attacks may increase because frontier constabulary (F.C) has refused to provide security to NATO vehicles. The police are not that eligible and operational to safeguard these vehicles as there is much possibility that these vehicles may be looted by Taliban on routes of Balochistan. This has been a concern of Baloch nationalists that warhead being used in Afghanistan is now used in Balochistan by forces over Baloch missing persons in torture cells. And there is more risk ahead if the U.S departure starts in 2014.

BSO-Azad has strongly condemned killing of Baloch Academic

In a statement issued in newspapers, BSO-A spokesman has said Baloch Academics and intellectuals are being targeted under a systematic killing spree.

The attack that killed Prof. Abdul Razaq and critically injured his colleague Prof. Abdul Hakeem, took place near Chakar Khan Road when two masked men opened fire at them.

‘This is not the first time state agencies and death squads have prof.abdul_razaktargeted Baloch Academics. They want our upcoming generations to be left out of education’ the statement said. ‘They did the same with the Bangalis. On March 25th, 1971, Pakistani fighter jets bombarded Dhaka University that mercilessly killed hundreds of professors and thousands of students. Bangalis were targeted by army backed death squads like ‘Al-Shams’ and ‘Al-Badr’. Same is happening in Balochistan now but with different names’ the statement further said.

‘Prof. Abdul Razaq was a very humble and committed man who had devoted his life for educating Baloch youths. He always condemned the role of agencies and killer gangs. His sacrifices and memories will remain with us.’ the statement said.

(Courtesy to Sagaar)

Freedom before the freedom

By Qasim Baloch

Freedom merely is not to have political, territorial demarcationsmental emanucaption and international boarder allocation rather it is to defeat the bulling social, political and economical elements and factors which are busy in or contributing to oust the basic characteristics of a free nation. Freedom undertaken in the prior tendency is only to afflict the masses worse than the present and is to cause hazardous havoc in the future. History reveals that the freedom movements proceeded with the prior objective have always caused masses suffer worst while undertaken in the later postulate have made masses prosperous.

There is no doubt that Balochistan freedom movement has historical and factual background but what remains incomplete is the political and intellectual homework.

There are certain factors in our society which have contributed in plunging society downward and have posed threat to material and nonmaterial development. Subversion, injustice and inequality are social and institutional evils which are impelled by some social fallacies and they have to be defeated before the freedom.

Firstly, the tribalism which is an imposed system to benefit a class of society and suppress the rest of the masses. It has been a basic factor and a motive of inequality and exploitation. It has always depicted a false political opinion of the people and imposed their opinion as mass opinion. Political and economical aspect of society has been governed by the very tribal elite on the basis of so called power. Its non democratic norms have stopped common people to avail their political right; all rights have been reserved by one family generation to generation. There is need freedom from this institution before freedom from the federation.

Secondly, the false perception in our society about the half of the population, females, that their political and economical inactiveness is the concept of work specialization. Unfortunately they have been kept inactive whereas they have the same significance as males. They need to be liberated fully in all fields of society. The more the society has their dynamic involvement the better the society will be in each aspect.

Thirdly, the non receptive religious attitude needs to be halted. The religious institution and political institution need to be kept away from each other. Each member of the society needs to have the equal political rights irrespective of their theological ideology. There needs political preaching for the freedom of religious practices and presence of religious tolerance. Why shall a citizen face death because of his religious ideology? Society needs freedom from the very intellectual fallacies before the political and territorial freedom.

Baloch nation and Balochistan; under Pakistan’s shadow

By Raza Baloch

All and sundry, who has power of thinking, is in the know about Balochistan and the needs of Baloch nation as well. Victim of injustice [Baloch nation] has been combating for the motherland since she was occupied by Pakistan. Although Balochistan had got her freedom on 11th August, 1947, and Pakistan turned into a state on 14 August in 1947, and captured Balochistan. Now it must be cleared that Balochistan was a free land for nine months.  Moreover; this land is very much rich by the dint of mineral resources. Nonetheless, the occupant [Pakistan] is giving just and just 0.7 million annually in return the mineral resources which are being taken out from Balochistan. Moreover; Pakistan is treating Baloch nation unfairly.

When we retrospect Balochistan and Baloch nationalism was started in 1920. At that time, in Russia Lenin was leading the revolution of Marxism. They were guiding the laborers of Russia for their dues. This revolution effected many countries of world. In 1930 Comrade Lenin convened many countries in Baku (it is nowadays the capital of Azerbaijan) which was a city of USSR. Comrade Misri Khan Marri joined that convention and represented Baloch Nation. Moreover, I mean to say that foundation of modern Baloch nationalism was laid in 1920, by Meer Abdul Aziz Kurd, who organized an organization named, Anjuman Ithaad Balocha’n.

On 27th March, 1948, Pakistani forces had invasion on Kalat palace and occupied Balochistan. Khan Ahmed Yar Khan didn’t duel with Pakistan, but Aga Abdul Karim dueled with the regime of Pakistan although he was brother of first Khan of Kalat. For seeking assistance, he went to Afghanistan. Nevertheless, Aoghanistan didn’t support him. Consequently; many Baloch fighters were killed, some of whom are: Malik Faiz, Babo Abdul Karim Shorish, Mohammad Hussain Hanqa and many more. Many of them were arrested by Pakistani forces. Furthermore; Babo Noroz Khan was also dodged by using the Holy Quran of Allah the Almighty.

The behavior of Pakistani establishment is bleak with Bloch nation. They are being killed everyday on their own motherland. The nation is receiving mutilated corpses, who are bored, fired and drilled. They are facing persecutions due to demand for their rights. Furthermore; since 2002 in Balochistan 17000 masses are abducted, 1200 mutilated corpses were thrown and 400 were killed by targeting.

When we talk about mineral resources of Balochistan then it is cleared that the Balochistan is rich with natural resources. The surveyors and Mining Engineers explored about 32 types of minerals in Balochistan; some of those found are: gold, copper, silver, natural gas etc. it is heartbreaking fact that the Balochistan , rich of mineral resources , has the highest line of  poverty [62.26] though the first right is Bloch nation’s that should get the resources of their own motherland. Moreover, Sui gas, which was discovered in 1952, but capital of Balochistan [Quetta] got this bestowment in 1986. MCC (Metallurgical Construction Company), a Chinese is taking out the mineral resources of Balochistan, takes 50% for her and gives 50% to Pakistan. Pakistan takes 48% and gives 2% to the owners of the land.

Finally, it is cleared that the occupant is behaving ruthlessly with Balochistan and innocent Baloch nation. Alas! Still there are many supporters who are in favor of occupant. In the light mentioned information, should we support occupant!

Iron Ore in Balochistan

By; Aziz Ajaz

As for as the geological importance of Balochistan is concerned, it is baluchistangenerously bestowed, by major raw materials including iron ore, coal and manganese, which used for the production of steel, generating of power to run the industries machinery of Pakistan and metallurgy, refectories, fluxes and fillers respectively.

The comparative advantages, international and regional importance of coastal belt, resourceful localities of this region and rout to central Asian countries have earned an intentional name despite this, the importance of its borders that bordering the neighboring countries, Iran and Afghanistan has also attracted the international powers and their utmost interests.

The God gifted resources are that pivotal things can help a country in boosting up with them very narrower norms of development but as we come to know about the deposits of various minerals then miserable angrily come to wrap us, where we can see the exploitation of resources in return with empty hands is utterly overwhelming.

Iron deposits are the major reservoirs that serve for steel making process but due to lack of managements and substantial process of purification many deposits of resources lying waste for many decades. In Balochistan iron ore deposits have been found in different localities with major deposits of this costly deposit.

Imperatively, Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in color from dark grey, bright yellow, deep purple, to rusty red. The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite  (Fe3O4),  hematite  (Fe2O3),  goethite  (FeO (OH)),  limonite  (FeO (OH).n (H2O) or  siderite   (FeCO3). The various sorts of iron forms have their different sorts of importance and uses scientifically.

Ores carrying very high quantities of hematite or magnetite (greater than ~60% iron) are known as “natural ore” or “direct shipping ore”, meaning they can be fed directly into iron-making blast furnaces. Most reserves of such ore have now been depleted. Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, which is one of the main raw materials to make steel. 98% of the mined iron ore is used to make steel. Indeed, it has been argued that iron ore is “more integral to the global economy than any other commodity, except perhaps oil” so eventually we can say that it is of utmost importance that world needs to develop its economy. The deposits of very precious resource are present over here in wealthy motherland in sufficient quantity that resultantly boosts up any machinery with a gigantic development.

The reservoir  of iron ore have been found in Nokkundi (Chigendikreko-diq-in-balochistan deposit, Pachinko deposits) and Bilband, apart from these major deposits some small deposits of iron ore have been also found at Amirchah, Mashkichah, Zardkoh, Shiakhran, Balenish and Killikoh,

However, different companies and corporations are very keen to launch their projects to implement the latest technology for the up gradation of this ore deposits in order to ensure optimal utilization of these resources.

PIDC (Pakistan industrial development corporation), PCSIR (Pakistan council of scientific and industries research) and TSML (towering steel, mills) showed their utmost interests for the up gradation of such a large resourceful region’s minerals.

It is pertinent to mention that, TSML is a well known Saudi’s business group, subsidiary of Tuwairqi holdings that has declared to join hand with POSCO, (formerly Pohang Iron and Steel Company.) Korean, their largest steel mill in the world that serves to explore, exploit, beneficiate and palletize iron ores, to launch plans with local corporations for mining of iron ore and setup the projects for beneficiation and pulverization plant in Balochistan.

What is the reason behind this participation of the third largest steel mill in the exploitation of local deposits of iron ore? Perhaps, it does not need very deep seriousness of discussions or it may not allow someone dives in deep thoughts, because this clarifies that the reservoirs are economically very strong enough to attract the focus of worldwide corporations and companies. Sometimes, we hear that the revenue of exploitation of such significant resources to be given honestly then there would may not be deprivation, starvation and frustration among the inhabitants of Balochistan because they undoubtedly will be living with rich full hands by the blessings of naturally gifted resources.

 But it is much overwhelming, the Baloch people over being kept under the siege of deprivation, starvation, frustration and harassment since the acquisition intervention of Pakistan.

Let us come to the main theme, Pakistani corporations with joint hands of international institutes earnestly trying to develop some projects in order to upgrade the low grade iron ore be used to feed the steel industries. Iron is the high price and availability of iron ore is rapidly becoming difficult so that Pakistani institutes and other international institutes seem to be enthusiastic to initiate timely efforts for the protection of indigenous iron ore resources to collaborate in stability of economic and financial development of those concern authorities.

NOKKUNDI IRON ORE:-

Nokkundi iron ore project was set up by PIDC in 1972 to carry out exploration and geological investigations on iron deposits of the area, after word in 1974. Pakistani administrations with its repulsive policy seriously expressed her wishes to work jointly with its counterpart Chinese team for carrying out exploration / geological studies at localities Chigendik and Parhinkoh, which are about 75 km and 40 km far from Nokkundi district respectively.

In the locality of Chigendik the iron ore deposits was proved to be more than 5 million tons with the average content of 45% predominantly magnetite, and in the locality of Pachinkoh the iron ore deposits proved to be about 45 million tons with average content of 49, predominantly magnetite.

Many metallurgical tests including the tests carried out by Japan consulting institute in 1978 had confirmed that the iron ore deposits of these areas can be easily upgraded by the separation of the contents of magnetic to produce the best pellets in the world.

Dilband iron ore:-

This resource of iron deposits has been discovered at Kalat which is approximately 100 km from Kolpur Railway Station near Quetta has been estimated with deposits of 200 million tons. This is also a great opportunity to have the worldly valuable resource in the province of indigent who are dying due to starvation. This gesture seems to be a destructive move for deliberately depriving a whole nation to exploit their naturally valuable resources. Such a great %age of iron can appropriately help in the enhancement of any country’s economy if being exploited with a translucent purpose. Unluckily the wealthy Balochistan is rich in terms of natural resources but being utilized in a way that cannot bring remuneration to the poverty-stricken people. The illiteracy rate enhance greatly as the entire nation of a naturally affluent province being kept depressed in all sphere of advancement. Baloch the possessor of such a lengthy expanded coastal region have a very immense geographical importance in Asia and worldwide as well, so that the Chinese  government showed their paramount interests of taking the Gawadar port to carry on its exploitation proceeding after assimilating Saindak in a great extent and persuading the Singaporean companies footsteps.

This piece of land on the surface of earth has turned the faces of many countries to express their appealing desires concerning trade and investment. Enthusiastically, today’s world runs behind reserves which undoubtedly can enrich a country in the terms of energy which is a towering need of developed or underdeveloped countries. As for as the role of iron is concerned assists to flourish the field of steel mills that can provide very brawny steels to be utilized for different purposes.

This is me, Balochistan

By: Muslim Baloch

Credits are yours of telling lies,

Baloch stays on truth, hugs demise,

Be educated, let Baloch fight and die,

Because he son of mine,

That’s why, kisses the gallows pride,

Snatch Zaheer and dump in me,

Bargain hearts of them, wrap them in thorns,

Root them out; grow thrice, hundreds to die,

Like Qambar, Ilyas, and ruthless Faraz,

Baloch always listen wording of mine,

and, than,

Come to die not lie, not lie,

Above wording is mine and mine,

Because I am

Braveistan,

Activeistan,

Loyalistan,

Obidentistan,

Cleaveristan

     And

Honestistan…….

They die for me, I am their motheristan,

Balochistan,

Balochistan………..

RELIGIOUS FANATICISM

By: Naveed Naik Sayyed

I came across with some disappointed comments on a post updatednaveed by one of my friends on facebook. Among the commenter’s one was Laramie Morris, a Christian with totally desperate words and broken heart complaining about the discriminatory treatment of the Non-Muslims in Pakistani society. And expressed his regret that he had left the country just due to the negative response by the Muslim community where he spent his childhood and adulthood. All that he was paying price for being a Christian in a Muslim country. The mental torture and impression of inferiority complex had great impact on his mind and that led to his migration from Karachi towards Middle East, obviously in search equality.

Here is his painful story:

I was born and brought up in Karachi so on attained my entire education over there. In my early childhood there was absolutely no discrimination and I never felt like I belonged to a different religion. In school, we all played, ate and did our homework together but remember those were the Sixties s and I studied in a missionary school. These were the days, when most of the time we were under some military dictatorship and so me and all my kith and kin were very happy living here.

Things started to change in the Seventies when I went to college and noted that the Muslim boys used to sit together and avoiding my company at the cafeteria. I thought it was just my imagination at first but slowly when I told my other minority friends they also agreed with me, and I would end up sitting and studying alone most of the time although I was a bright student and wondered why I was being isolated. Slowly in the mid Seventies and early Eighties this increased. We were stopped getting invited to birthdays, weddings, engagements and found out that my Muslim friends were having get-together parties and picnics without my knowledge.

No one spoke about anything and when I would broach the subjectreligious fanatisim they would change the topic. We would meet in class and that’s it. Never outside college and even in the library majority used to sit together. And slowly the Non-Muslims started sitting and eating together and the Muslims separately. Once or twice when there was a chance of eating together I would notice that the food from my place was not touched by anyone and if I had water in a glass, they would either get it washed thoroughly or get another glass to drink in. Even while drinking cold drinks, they would never drink from the same straw and would make some sort of excuse or the other, not to have the same cold drink.

This was absurd and I was too young and naive to understand what was going on but once I joined medical college in 1978 things came out into open. We had 450 students in one class and there were five seats for minorities. I had no idea about this till I joined college when some of my Parsi and Hindu friends with very high marks could not get a medical seat as the 5 seat quota was full. I found this totally revolting and then suddenly realized that I was a Non-Muslim rather than a Christian. My name is a constant give away unlike the other guys as their first names were Rehmat, Shaukat, Shahbaz etcetera and so such boys were not treated the same way because I suppose the other had no knowledge about their religion.

In Medical School, we make groups of five boys and five girls when we were in third year and then go to the wards for rounds but I found that no one was willing to take me in their group. I literally had to scream at the principal that he persuade some group to accept me as I cannot go to the wards alone. All this time, the same issues about not eating from the same plate and not drinking from the same glass as mine continued by the so-called educated pre-medical students. Of course there were a few who were above all this but the majority would either not talk to me, or not sit next to me, and would see me and ignore me, God knows why? This was the beginning of religious fanaticism in the country and the blasphemy law and other laws pertaining to minorities, and I remember it was Zia Ul Haq who was in power.

All throughout my five and six years of medical college this kept on going and I was segregated and it was difficult because most of our projects were group projects and I was not involved and had to assert myself or either continue complaining to the principal almost every month.

I won’t say that each and every one was the same, cause there were a few good friends who would feel for me and call me to their houses and invite me to any occasions that took place, but most of the people would not even like to sit next to me and all this shocked me because I was a human being not a dog or a sweeper who may have come into contact with dirty and filth in the process of his job, although he too is human. This was the time when all the minorities started thinking of moving to the West and except for there is aunts of mine everyone has gone to Canada and the USA.

I was always patriotic and after becoming a doctor with good grades took Pediatrics as my subject and worked 24 years in Muscat Oman and that country was just the opposite of the ordeal I went to in my own country. There was no bias; no religious discrimination, no targeting and all the Omanis treated us second to God as doctors are held in highest esteem there.

Before migration that I would like to tell that when I got my ID card and my passport I had to undergo similar harassment at the end of the authorities there, and I did not understand why, while others were asked to come after three days and I was asked to come after three weeks. We used to have the blue ID card in those days and even when they would write down my details, they wrote them down like they were registering a prisoner or culprit, rather than a Pakistani. At Immigration about six doctors went together in 1988 to join a hospital in Muscat, the others being Muslims. And all the other five passed immigration in seconds. When my turn came, the first thing I was asked AAP CHRISTIAN HAIN? Now what does that mean?

Then the interrogation started. He said that we were responsible for the brain drain and that Pakistan medical colleges trained us and we were now going to use that expertise for other people. I told him that it was a question of what they were paying us, I was getting 900 rupees in Pakistan at that time and in Muscat I started at 40,000 rupees so who in their right mind would stay here, But surprisingly all the other doctors were not asked these questions, only me, Finally I went to Muscat and thought that is was a predominantly Muslim country I would have the same problems there.

But lo and behold it was heaven for me. I was paid well, given the same duties as doctors of other religions. Lots of paid holidays. I was given a house, car, petrol, water, electricity, telephone allowance as we did not have cell phones in those days. And though all my patients were Muslim Arabs they were so nice to me. I was baffled as to why the same treatment was not given to me in my own country.

I worked there for the last twenty four years and now i am 53 and thought that Pakistan must have changed and took an unpaid leave of two years and try to settle in Karachi, but the situation in Karachi is terrible. I have been here only six months but scared to get a job as six of my colleagues have been fallen prey to target killings in their clinics. I feel like a foreigner or an outsider in my own country. The Omani government gives Nationality to people who have served them for twenty years or more but they insist on you giving up your original nationality. I was given this offer but giving up my Pakistani passport and nationality was not on the cards for me.

I came back and went for a couple of interviews and whenever my name and religion was seen on my CV, i was not asked a single question and just asked to go home and they would inform me. This happened twice. Once at Aga Khan Hospital and once at Dr. Ziauddin Hospital. Now I am unmarried (personal reasons) and during the second week of January this year I started getting calls that if i don’t cough up three crore rupees I would be killed or kidnapped. These people had all the information about me and my family. I live alone here with an odd jobber. I got terrified and went to Nepal and then to Sri Lanka for about six weeks. Came back changed my sim cards and everything seemed okay. Here again I felt that we minorities still not safe with their lives, property, wealth etc.

I think it was this Muslim/Kafir misunderstanding where all Non-Muslims are considered Kafirs and thus eating from their plate or drinking from their glass would make the Muslims dirty or Paleet. That is why I was not invited to parties and weddings, and the beginning of my childhood and adolescence was great but only in the last seventies and early eighties I noticed this as probably it had existed earlier, but i was not old enough to realize it. We would never get meat on Bakra Eid, no sweets on Eid al Fitr and on Christmas when we sent sweets, they were sent back.

This is such a true and painful story that one can be speechless to comment. Hatred, dislike, enmity, prejudice and bias of course are the parts of human nature but that should be on reasonable basis irrespective of any discrimination. Neither this is allowed by any religion, culture, law, nor does tradition nor it suit human pursuit, ethics and morality. This all may be summed up into inhuman act and human ethical degradation especially by those pseudo educated class who may be an icon for upcoming generation guiding them in the same way and the issue may never get remedied. But to be optimistic we expect that as the rest of the world with so rapid rate of consciousness on their way, we may become part of that caravan to bring about an enlightenment that can pave our ways towards love, care, cooperation, and mental development as well as putting an end to all such humanitarian crises.

THE BALOCH PROBLEM AND ITS POSSIBLE SOLUTION

By Dr. Din Mohammad Buzdar

Baloch problem is not a recent one it is since from the creation ofbaloch001a Pakistan and this is Baloch peoples problem only, other linguistic and ethnic groups living in Balochistan have nothing with this problem. Only Baloch are struggling and giving sacrifices to solve this problem. What is Baloch problem?? Unfortunately it is not being highlighted from any corner, neither Baloch political parties nor print and electronic media focusing on it. Beside this those how believe on arm struggle are insisting on one point agenda, although they hinted in media several times to take part in meaningful negotiations if political and military forces sincerely offer for it. The Baloch in Balochistan are scattered, their population is 4% of country and their land is more than 42% of Country’s land. Their big concern is that they are being diluted and their national identity is in danger. With the passing of time they will be no more as nation. One example of their dilution is Provincial Headquarter Quetta where they were in full majority 30 years before. Now their previous position is no more, in short time they were turn into an ineffective minority. In recent election (2013) out of 5 Provincial 1 National seats of Quetta they failed to win any one. When Gowader Deep Sea Port will be constructed no doubt there will be migration of population, no one can stop it and soon Gwader city will be equal to Karachi then Baloch will turn into tiny minority in their own Province. This is “The Baloch Problem”. The same thinking and worry is behind present armed resistance. So due to such circumstances Baloch need security/surety of their national identity.

Although in Constitution one can be a citizen of any province but in such a large scale migration where the local population turns into minority is perhaps against the essence of constitution. How it can be prevented and what can be the possible solution? This is the basic question. In Balochi there is saying, “Act in such a way that snake should die and stick should not break”. Our neighbor India had same problem in many states including Hamachal Perdash, Asam and Kashmir. Indian parliament solved their problem by giving constitutional protection to local people of these states, according to that other Indians cannot be voter nor can buy immoveable property in these states. For Baloch such a constitutional amendment is needed to satisfy them. When this 65 years old problem is solved then by using huge natural land and sea resources Baloch people can be relieved from poverty and backwardness and Pakistan will be soon among prosperous and developed countries of the region.

Balochistan predicament and responsibilities of leftists

By Sabah-ud-Din Saba

The Pakistan ruling class never agreed to conceive the enigma of Balochistan and feel here’s people outlook. And ruling class only sight all things by bestowed optical of imperialist. The senseless ruling class is not capable that be made expectations from them for adjustment of said malady.

It is very sad that left-wing intellectual, politicians and analysts are also incapable to perceive Balochistan enigma, like in past they could not comprehend the matter of Bangladesh, where they failed to amalgamate with oppressed nation and seek a scientific panacea of conundrum. We must admit that ancestors had submitted international revolution Lorton Meccongy against the ground realities and that’s upshots were appalling, hence we must not forget that learnable event.

In East-Pakistan, the forces who were struggling against class differences had blindly supported Lun Bio group by obdurate supported federation and adopted criminal silence against cruelties on Bangalis which reasoned the demise of left-wing politics in that region. Though a faction in leadership of Mr Siraj Sikdar struggled but it was too late and majority of left-wing was detached from them with conception that discussed faction is premature. Thus, we have lost a chance to create a left democratic state in the region. We never doubt in sincerity of revolutionaries Mateen Alauodin, but fact is, that wars cannot be won by trueness but can be through strategy.

Today, what so happening in Balochistan, it is required to be perceived, the pain of here’s masses is to be felt and need of camaraderie with them, impartially situations are to be analyzed and without any compromise the flag of truth is to be hoisted.  The workers of progressive parties have to perceive that what happening in Balochistan is not outcome of fewer administrative decisions. It is natural truth and on foremost day it was required that national question had be dealt seriously. Political forces never heeded about Balochistan’s National Question and rulers unjustified coercions have worsened here’s situations. Majority of progressive friends are hesitating to opine the issue. They think due to this the class struggle will be distracted but this type of assume is totally wrong and this is natural truth that without solving the National Question the struggle for class-unity is not possible.

Stalin about National Question told, “The policy of national persecution is dangerous to the cause of proletariat also on another account this creates a serious obstacle to the uniting the workers of all nationalities to combat the policy of national oppression in all its forms, from the most subtle to the crude.”

It is great flaw of left-wing political parties and workers that they instead of joining on congenial time to political struggle pragmatically, they waste time in debates, grouping, polarization and in confinement the drawing rooms. Now it is time to break-down this hibernation and common person should know and be pragmatic about daily routine of imperialist intervention in Pakistani affairs, issue of Balochistan and so on. The stance of left up till now have not postured in front of masses, like they don’t have access or relation with mass communication institutes. The nationalist movement in Balochsitan is not new, but how this area was appropriated with Pakistan, from that time Balochistan’s peoples kept disjoint from this state’s affairs. Consequently, from foremost day the nationalist movement of Balochistan had inclined toward separation movement.

Five Army Operations conducted in Balochistan to keep subjugated this region masses to imperialist and make deprived them of rights. The insurgency was commenced after a short period of Khan Kalat’s cede. The political explanation has been getting cleared with increase of persecutions. State coercion has been increasing with passage of time. The blame of foreign intervention in Balochistan is not new, in each epoch the responsibility has been labeled on some foreigners, and never Balochistan’s demands have been redress.

First time in Balochistan, the resisting organizations embedded class difference with national question and it is a great change in condition. A momentous organization prior to freedom called for social change, which provided a firm base to class question. The aim of building of a social society by discussed organization is instigating revolutionary trend in perspective of mentioned situations, the left-wing political workers have to adopt a clear and genuine stance about Balochistan. It is better opportunity for scattered revolutionaries in Pakistan to must not repeat past insane practices and support national question issue in Balochistan in the light of constituted principles. The second international interpretation of self-determination as commonly is autonomy, and in Europe oppressed nations got deliverance in culture, to that Russian communist rejected as stipulating it imperialist interpretation.

On eve of second-international Stalin presented four points about national question which have vital status.

1. The National Question and neo-colonial issues are embedded with deliverance from rule of capital.

2. The imperialist (Highest stage of capitalism) cannot sustain unless making unbalance between nationalities and enslaving neo-colonies.

3. The freedom never can be gained in condition of uneven between nationalities and rule on neo-colonized by capital.

4. The labor never bring a revolution until nations are unequal and colonized are not given due rights.

The left inclined politicians must have recognized Balochistan vital issue of country. The right of nation’s secession is to be present in light of Marxist thoughts, oppose state coercion on Baloch including security forces persecution in Balochistan. They must manifest their solidarity with Baloch. They must distinguish Balochistan’s so called nationalist parties and resisting organizations, and blatantly support righteous resisting movement which is not only struggling for freedom but also striving for change of outdated social, economic systems and they have adopted a bold stance against imperialist. Only by doing so, we can revive left-wing politics in Pakistan.

Symbols of change in Balochistan

By Akram Jamaldini

Generally Balochistan is called golden bug. As it famous due its noushkistrategic location. Its highest mountains are the symbol of our determination. It sand deserts expose our modernity and enlightenment.

Meanwhile, Balochistan is also a breeding ground of renowned personalities. One can find brave knights, dukes and historical warrior and conqueror in this land.

A part from these same leading personalities also emanated us the shape of dynamic and vibrant politicians, veteran writers and poets. Though Balochistan has always lagged behind in education due to lack of institutes. Amid backwards these learned man made their presence in all walks of life.

They felt the feelings of their miserable masses. Consequently, they roused consciousness among them. They awoke the drooping nation from slumber. They apprised the people of their internal and external enemies. They also raised voice against the so called sardars and nawabs. They infused a new spirit in Balochistan. They tried their utmost to create a serene atmosphere here in Balochistan. They tempted Baloch to get higher education. Moreover, they also developed Balochi literature and poetry. Since their reign baloch has began knock at the door of triumph.

Luckily, mostly these profound personalities hail from District Nushki. It is matter of pride for their locality. You may not have forgotten that Aazath Jamaldini, Mir Gul Khan Naseer and Mama Abdullah Jan Jamaldini who have done a lot in the progress of Baloch Nation. However history witnesses several writers who have proactively dedicated their pen in order to take their nation to the peak of success and prosperity.

In addition, it gives me pleasure to mention that their role can’t be ignored for the development of Baloch nation because they had worked tirelessly shoulder to shoulder with politicians to overcome the dreadful issue of Balochistan.

There exists an old sentence that an educated man can make a better society. Because he is the one who guides our young generation towards a shinning path of success and development. Undoubtedly, Aazath Jamaldini, Gul Khan Naseer, Yousaf Aziz Magsi, Mama Abdullah Jan Jamaldini, and Abdur Rehman ensured their essence in every field of life.

The aim of struggle was not merely to secure a piece of land but also institute equality, Justice, harmony, religious tolerance and a secular setup. For which they faced threats & even languished in state dungeons. Though they were progressive & Liberal. Therefore, they had succeeded to a considerable degree in bringing a remarkable change among Baloch masses. Even these icons are still considered as beacon light in our vicinity. Resultantly many libraries, Academies and other institutes still exist in their name.

In a nutshell, they are role model for us their task oriented and achievement oriented personalities should be named as our Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu. I also hope, Baloch would carry forward their delightful thought.

Mobile Phone is not for us

By Adnan Akhtar

Science is dearly sorting out to cheer and facilitate the human life mobile phoneby helpful inventions, on the other hand some inventions have taken away the contentment of masses singularly of underdeveloped or immature nations rather than facilitating and rendering comforts some certain scientific inventions have created turbulences, disorders, turmoil and unpunctuality in them, affected the religious dogma, cultural honors and social norms.

The nations or communities that can’t make out the positive implementation of something they really don’t deserve to use it. The advance nations strive to facilitate the underprivileged communities in order to make the life more prosperous but they instead of benefiting themselves deteriorate their environment by exploiting these inventions negatively.

One of the monstrous inventions for such community is “Mobile Phone” which has enveloped the entire glob and considered a major hand in the daily life, without it we sense an organ of our body is missing. We forget our watch, wallet but never overlook to clench the mobile phone before going away.

Suppose if mobile phone was not invented, wouldn’t we be surviving?

Would our accessories be limited?

We would be of course living with another manner but more comfortably and prosperously, with confined facilities but would be enjoying them immensely.

Mobile phone has affected our religious dogma and it has created ample of disturbances in our prayers. In the recent past  when went to the mosque we discovered  “Entry Dua” written on the main entrance to be recited before entering but today we find inscribed “Please switch off your mobile phones:  before entering….. Isn’t it very uncanny? Even still many folks ignore it and don’t switch off their mobile phones and bind the hands for the prayer. A very disturbing ground for the worshipers when it rings with a disgusting song tone which certainly turn out to be the sort of earning sin rather than praying assiduously and agreeing Almighty Allah.

Terrorism has expanded due to Mobile Phones; executing anything any time has become awfully accessible. when to hold a meeting, how and where to plant a bomb, and when exactly to explode it, bygone days committing a crime at the appropriate point was ineffective, today this scientific monster has strengthened the terrorists network due to apt communications.

It has as well disintegrated the very respectful traditions by affecting the honorable cultures of certain nations. Females are considered the most honorable parts of a society, their attitude; ethics, limitations raise the heads of the family members by pride and now since this hideous invention has come up in such homes or societies several polite societies have had their culture stability and social norms vanished owing to the unfair contacts of the females with unacquainted people and performing disgraceful feats…..

Even educational institutes have not lingered from the infection of this epidemic. A student deliberately doesn’t reach the classroom in the early hours he considers if the teacher comes  the friends will text me via mobile and so I rush towards … and while the teacher is teaching a lot of  students are hectic in forwarding messages to the friends  informing them that the class has begun. Hereby the students who are present are bothered and the students who reach belatedly disturb the entire class. Decorum of the study environment of the class will be totally wiped out.

An employee doesn’t go to office on time realizes that on condition the boss comes or there is a want of me my coworker will call me on my mobile phone so I arrive at the spot hastily and it happens frequently when he reaches the meeting or the task has already been accomplished.

Children are immeasurably involved in games on mobile phones .they have neglected the study and the daily school/homework, in our days the mobile has become a deadly reason to decline the eye sights of kids as they use mobile phones in dark rooms or places.

 Conclude to say when the mobile phone was not invented the lifestyle of some certain masses were more thriving and striking. Prayers were more sturdy and attentive. The terrorists hardly ever had perfect consequences from their plans.  The females of definite families were unaware of the outside narrow environment. Students were very obedient and punctual during the class; they strived to reach earlier in classroom because there was no any source to inform them about the teacher arrival. An employee reached office at the nick of the time that there a task must not be missed in my absence. Children passed their leisure time in reading stories or having physical exercises.

Note: This write-up underlines merely some certain communities.

Is it a crime to be a woman?

According to a survey, at least 100,000 women are believed to have been raped in Berlin, based on surging abortion rates in the following months and contemporary hospital reports, with an estimated 10,000 women dying in the aftermath.

Recently proposed a package of measures to curb sexual violence against women in the aftermath of the shocking gang rape of a student in a bus in Dehli, where with regard to women or to women rights they were deferent.

Now the issue of gender equality is openly discussed in Britain and laws have been passed which help to maintain equality. This has not always been the case. During the whole of the nineteenth century, women did not have political rights though there were some movement in other areas to advance the rights of women in 1839, a law was passed, which stated that if a marriage broke down and the parents separated, children under even years of age should stay with their mother. In 1857, women could divorce their husbands who were cruel. In 1891, women could not be forced to live with husband unless they wished to. In 1870, women were allowed to keep their money they had earned. These were very important laws, which advanced the rights of women. In 1928, women were given the same political right as men. Nearly 800 million illiterate people in the world are women. Five hundred thousand women die every year from childbirth complications that’s one woman every minute, according to UN.

 “No tool for development is more effective than the empowerment of women.” There is saying in Ghana “If you educate a man simply you educate an individual but if you educate a women you educate a nation.”

Furthermore, women are underestimated everywhere, whether that is with regard to employment, equal rights or other activities. I want to ask this question to government that is it a crime to be women. In addition, government should listen and provide equal rights to both genders.

Nabila Meher, Turbat

Noor Khan Bazanjoo a Talented Singer

By Z.D Baloch, Turbat 

You are born without anything but you die with your name; so thatnoor khan bazenjo name must not be a word only rather a history. Similarly, if we turn the golden pages of history, surely we find the names of those committed personalities in the annals pages of history with golden words who had got their names written because of their contribution, devotion and provoking thought, ideas and so forth for the promotion of language, culture, music, freedom movement, social welfare and etc. it is an admitted fact that death can snatch the body of great personalities naturally  but  not socially and  it never be able to snatch their everlasting contributions, love and thoughts Noor Khan Benzanjoo’s comes accordingly.

Noor Khan opened his eyes at the home of Ghulam Sarwar Benzanjo in Pasni on 11th of December, 1969, and he passed his matriculation in his native place in 1986, and for higher education he went to Karachi and took admission in pre-medical department in science Urdu college Gulshan Iqbal Karachi. Unfortunately, his dream could not fulfill and he returned and he did his FA and BA at Atashad degree college Turbat Lateran he did MA at history in {UOB university of Baluchistan in1995. Finally, he became a school teacher in 1999 in his native place.

However, the interest and love of Balochi Music was a gift of Almighty Allah to him since childhood his main ambition was to be an attractive singer so as to promote Balochi music since it was backward. I do remember the everlasting saying “dream is not the dream which you see in sleeping dream is something which doesn’t let you sleep.” For the fulfillment of his dream he visited Ejaz Ali’s club to learn music since  who was a well know musician in Pasni and fortunately he became his music teacher further Noor Khan learnt classical music from Ustad (Pedagogue) Umar Baloch in Karachi while he was studying there. It is highly believed that hard work is the only path which makes all things easy, surely the hard work and commitment of him witnessed him a successful and brilliant singer. As a singer who came insight of all and sundry in the duration of 1992 to 1994 famously. Due to his high profile achievement he reached the highest  peak of popularity since he became an everlasting singer and his name is written in annual pages of Baloch history with golden words since balochi history remains he is alive in heart of every Baloch. Actually he had possessed the all qualities of every Baloch singers though they were senior to him. Furthermore he visited many gulf countries and also he was called there to attend musically programs. Fortunately his effective sound impressed the people highly and he became very much famous there.

 In addition, He got a great name in Balochi Music because his many cassettes were released successfully such as Sheerken Yad, Mihr Pa Naam Int, Dardani Shareerar, Adeenk and so on.  Apart from this he was a great poet also his two books have got published and he also achieved an endless name in field of writing or meaningful poetry in Balochi language.

Regrettably, the 5th of august, 2003, brought a great loss for Baloch and made dismal Balochi language because of the abrupt demise of Noor Khan. But his sound thought and ideas remained him alive in the hearts of every Baloch.

With complicated issues

Mahzaib Murad Gichki, Turbat

It has been observing that the largest province of Pakistan is truly deprived and dispossess from its fundamental needs, well, this topic has been debated but the solution hasn’t been founded so far.

However, we have new elected chief minister Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch may he rebuild the Baloch nation. As his interviews and his speeches about progressive, likewise he mentioned that recovering of the missing persons and corpses, while he also made overtures to separatists urging them to adopt the path of his dialogue. It is a great harbinger of the extremely, complicated challenges ahead that as new elected government prepares to take the reins, of torturing, abducting and mutilated bodies, of Baloch but still mutilated bodies are turning up in Balochistan. It is much flaunted that Baloch in margin line it can convert its gloom and dismal present page into optimism ducted government is given the freedom by the establishment to continue the political process. The regime, may counter devils and great harbingers with these complicated issues.

Dr. Malik something strange he asked that he wants all the elements on the negotiation table and to pursue them to accept his dialogue. The leader Dr. Allah Nazar says “We appreciate dialogue, but (only) in the supervision of the United Nations. Brazenly, we are not going to sit on the negotiating table with the state of Pakistan. The separatists have rejected the possibilities of talks with the government. He questioned Dr. Malik government’s claim to representing the Baloch nation?. It is equally frustrating that the media has been portraying the new ruling party in Balochistan as a nationalist party, which is not true. They are federalist parties and they are serving interests of the state they are puppets of the state. They have always worked against the Baloch freedom movement. Bodies of five missing Baloch were found in Quetta and some other areas of Balochistan, the day when Dr. Malik was shown in as the Chief Minister. Many analysts have interpreted it as a warning for the agencies to stay confined to his own territory.

Whereas, Dr. Malik promised for bringing peace in Balochistan it is so long and a tough road for him. It is a saga event for the nation. Although the bundle of hurdles may not be eradicated but can be sophisticated. The current rulers are churning out their enthusiasm by pointing out the separatists. In addition, grim circumstances, which are not correct mention, actually rulers are in insistence with the Baloch and not having a progressive deal to continue their task and accomplish the livelihood of the public.

Apart from this, Balochistan is in crossroad since Balochistan was merged with Pakistan. It has a broken infrastructure and undeveloped literacy rate which is signaling the corrupt regime. Poor needy people are being poorer and rich is being richest then how the one can judge that this state have a great role to play but it isn’t being played its own role. Its scouring greatly depends upon the regulator of the country.

They would take the issue to overcome rather tackle the solution will be represent the whole country.

Capitalism and socialism in the twenty-first century

By Tariq Ali

Marx once wrote that “history weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living,” and even twenty years after the Soviet Union’s collapse activists are still confronted by the legacy of Stalinism. At the same time, capitalism has failed millions of working and poor people around the world. The following is a speech given by Tariq Ali at the New York City launch of his book, The Stalinist Legacy: Its Impact on Twentieth Century World Politics.

I’M VERY happy that Haymarket Books has reprinted this collection which, as time goes on, I had almost forgot existed. I barely remembered it until Anthony Arnove dug it out from somewhere or the other. Penguin Books published it because at that time, in the 1980s, there was a huge debate about which way forward—a decrepit capitalism or a revived living socialism—and this was a big debate. That debate is now returning in a modest way. One shouldn’t exaggerate, but people are getting interested in socialism again, so I think it’s timely. And to show you how it’s coming back again, I will tell you a little story.

About a year ago, I was rung up by a German theater in Essen, which is a big industrial town in Germany like Manchester in England, an historically working-class town. The dramaturge at the theater in Essen said, “We want you to write a play for us.” I said, “I might be interested; what do you want me to write a play about?” She said, “We want you to write a modern version of Don Quixote.” So I said, “Yes, it’s a tall order.”

Then I met with a French director who works with the theater a lot, and I said, “Look, it would be absolutely crazy to do a play which presents the old characters in modern clothes; it’s not going to work. The only way to do it, I think, is to bring in Don Quixote and Sancho Panza out of the seventeenth century world into the twentieth-first century world in their medieval clothes and let them see what’s happening in this world.” I continued, “I just want to be very clear that if I write this play, it really will be a defense of radical ideas and anticapitalism and we will show the audience what is happening in this world.” He said, “Well, yes, but show them how?” I said, “We will show them how bankers and politicians are in bed with each other—sometimes literally. We will show them what happens when you fight wars. We’ll have a huge scene in a US military hospital in Germany where veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan are hanging around without legs and arms.”

“It’s not going to be a feel-good play in that sense.” I continued, “Lastly we will tackle the thorny questions of sexuality and politics in the Middle East.” He said, “Could you just write this down in two or three pages?” And I did, and it’s happening, and they are going to do it and everything is now being designed. I said, “Any problems?” He said, “No, no, everyone is very keen. But do be aware that Brecht is regarded by half of Germany as a Stasi agent.” I said, “Well that’s totally disgusting.” He said, “It is totally disgusting, but that is the reality. So you just have to be aware of that.”

Bertolt Brecht as a Stasi agent brings us to the topic of socialism in the twentieth century, and what happened to it. I’ll just spell out my views on it, and then we can discuss and argue. The basic thing to understand about the twentieth  century is that this was the first time in the history of the world that a revolution had been made (in 1917) by political revolutionaries who had set out with the idea of making a socialist revolution.

This wasn’t accidental like the English and French bourgeois revolutions were. It’s not that the English puritans and the French enlightenment revolutionaries set out with the idea that we’re going to make a bourgeois revolution that will complete the transition from feudalism to capitalism, and these are the institutions we’ll set up, and then we’ll execute a tiny proportion of the aristocracy.

No. They didn’t set out like that. It happened, but it happened because there were movements, class forces, social forces from below, political struggles, and social struggles in a congealed way, not like we know them now from the top. And these revolutions, including the bourgeois revolution in sixteenth-century Holland were, if you like, uncoordinated and not thought-out revolutions. The Russian Revolution was the first revolution in the history of humanity which was totally thought-out and Lenin (not very fashionable these days) said, “This is what we are going to do; we may not succeed, but this is the attempt to create on a global scale a power structure that will benefit not just Russians, but the entire world.”

If you look at the impact of that revolution, it had a completely international impact. It was like lightning. It created anticolonial movements. It encouraged liberation movements, which were not communist in any sense of the word, but inspired by this event to challenge imperialism. The Bolsheviks did think sometimes in slightly crazy ways. For instance, in 1919 they thought: how are we going to stop these imperial powers that are intervening in our country and waging a civil war? Trotsky says to Lenin: “Why don’t we hit them where it will hurt them at the heart of their empires?” So Lenin said, “Yes, that’s a good idea; what are we going to do?” Trotsky finds out that there are only 36,000 English soldiers controlling India, and he’s astonished when he finds this out. He says, “Thirty-six thousand white soldiers—that’s all?” So he asks his generals and marshals to prepare an emergency plan for a red cavalry of 25,000 soldiers—recruited largely from Central Asia—that can go through Afghanistan into India, defeat the British Imperial Army, and declare Indian independence. That’s how they thought. I’m glad they didn’t try it, because who knows where it might have led us, but the thinking was absolutely clear: Hit the capitalist powers at their weakest points.

The entire leadership of the Marxist movement in Russia—both Bolshevik and Menshevik—was agreed that it was a backward country. A large bulk of the country was unorganized peasants barely liberated from serfdom. The size of the working class was miniscule compared to the countries of Western Europe, especially Germany. So they said, “What are we going to do?” And for a long time they said it’s not going to be possible. What transformed their thinking was World War I, because the First World War politicized the peasantry who were recruited as soldiers into the imperial army to go and fight, and the defeats they suffered radicalized them considerably. It was the soldiers and workers (and for soldiers, read peasants in uniform) who effectively provided the base for the revolutionary movement that won.

Despite this, the thinking of the entire Bolshevik leadership at that moment was that if the revolution doesn’t take seed in Germany we are sunk. There is no way we can build socialism in Russia. We do not have the industrial base to do it. We need German industry and the German working class to do it. Every single thing was linked to the German Revolution. If you read the writings now, which I’ve been doing for other purposes, it’s a constant theme. If you look at the pamphlets at the time—in 1917, Lenin wrote Can The Bolsheviks Retain State Power?—it wasn’t a stupid question.

And so they pushed and pushed and pushed. Hungary fell for a short time to a communist uprising. There was an uprising in Munich—foolish, because the conditions weren’t right. The leader of the communist uprising in Munich, Eugen Leviné, said to the leaders in Moscow, “I don’t think the timing is right, let’s don’t go for it; the timing is never right”—which is also true. He went for it and the revolt failed, and he made one of the most moving speeches in communist history. “Yes, we lost. But you have to understand,” he said to the court. “We communists are dead people on leave. Our lives don’t matter. We will carry on. You can execute me.” They executed him the following day.

Then the revolutionaries tried it in Berlin. Rosa Luxemburg was completely opposed to it, because, she said, “It is not right. We do not have a majority of workers with us. Many of them are still loyal to the German Social Democratic Party. It’s an adventure.” But the decision had been taken by the Spartakusbund, and they went for it, and they lost. In this process we lost in Germany the most capable, intelligent, gifted leaders of the German working class. This is what happens when you have revolutions full stop. The successful revolutionary country wants to push and push, because it knows it can’t survive on its own.

The French did it. They did it in a deformed way via Napoleon, who said, “Unless we gain Europe they will surround and destroy the gains of the French Revolution.” He was right on that, completely right. Had he succeeded in destroying czarism—when he invaded Russia, the plan was to destroy czarism. The initial plan was to completely give rights to the peasants, give them the Code Napoleon [which prohibited privilege by birth], and distribute the land. Had they done that, it might have been a different story. They didn’t do that; Napoleon fought the war in a conventional way. But the aim was that, and also to set up republics. If you don’t set up republics, it creates little monarchies. But that was the plan.

Forget the French Revolution. In the modern world, it’s the Cuban Revolution. I’m just saying that this is a weakness of successful revolutionary movements.

The Cuban Revolution succeeded through a combination of circumstances—one is that the Americans were totally unprepared for this event on their doorstep, completely unprepared for it. The revolution succeeded, and they chuck out all the American companies, etc. Then they realize: “We’re a tiny island and we need other Latin American countries with us.” In Cuba it worked in the sense of being successful by keeping the United States at bay. It worked because it was not simply the armed struggle groups that were very important; there was also a mass movement, the July 26th movement, in the cities. They had urban organization. The guerrilla foco theory—that a small group of armed revolutionaries can trigger off a revolution anywhere—when you think back on it now, it’s completely schematic.

It was tried in Argentina, where you have a huge workers movement due to the end of the hegemony of Peronism, which is a mixed blessing, but it is a blessing because Peronism gave the workers a lot of rights in Argentina. And to think you can climb or jump over the Argentinean workers’ movement with the crazy idea of a foco in a very obscure part of the country on the Bolivian border, it was a disaster.

Okay, so it’s a disaster, and you learn from it.  But then you repeat that disaster a year later in Bolivia. These are very intelligent people. The Bolsheviks of course were the most gifted political leaders that Europe had produced. But the Cuban leadership wasn’t stupid either, nor was the French before them. It’s the arrogance, in a way, of success—that success creates. You think you can do it because someone else has done it [in another context—World War I] and by God they didn’t think they’d be able to do it, but they did it, and we can do it too. The analysis of conditions—social conditions, relationship of social forces—is never worked out. The groups in these countries are so much in awe of the people who succeeded that they go against their own better judgments and carry out the orders. It’s always a mistake to blindly carry out the orders of some parent group in some other country without thinking about the concrete conditions in your own country—always a mistake. If the conditions are right fine, great, but if they are not. The result is that in South America again we lost in every single country incredibly gifted, courageous people.

The same people in Germany who killed Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were the same people who then brought the fascists to power. One shouldn’t isolate these two processes, because they are very closely linked. But for me the question is: Okay, the revolution has been defeated. It has not taken off in Europe, so the Russian Revolution is totally isolated. What do you do? That was the big debate that gripped Russia in1920, and that is still a debate of importance to us today—not just as history, but to learn its lessons.

Under these conditions, the one thing you never do is disenfranchise the people who made the revolution. We know they are demoralized. It’s true. They’ve had enough. They’ve suffered the First World War in which millions died. They’ve suffered their own civil war in which twenty-two foreign armies intervened on the side of the Whites against them. The masses get exhausted, naturally. Look at the peasants in Afghanistan today. They’ve been fighting since the Russians went in, and they haven’t stopped fighting. I mean it is amazing they still do it. But I know from talking to people that they just are now reaching their limits and saying, after we kick the Americans out we hope no one else intervenes, because we don’t think we would be able to handle it. I was told this by an Afghan in Pakistan six months ago.

When the masses are exhausted, you have to understand that it’s a hiatus. The decision the Bolsheviks made—largely I think because the revolution failed in Germany—was to completely become an iron curtain, and I hate that phrase, but a fortress state. It’s one thing to say all the political formations who are helping the Whites, like conservatives and the cadets, can’t be allowed legality because they’ve taken up arms against us. That’s acceptable, but to ban all left organizations because they are not in your own party is a huge error, a huge error. And this error became institutionalized after the death of Lenin.

I want to advise those who haven’t read it to read Lenin’s last will and testament. It’s a very moving document just on a human level. Here is a leader paralyzed by a stroke in 1922 about to die who looks at what has been created and is partially horrified. In his letter he apologizes to the Russian working class. He says, “I apologize. I am sorry that I allowed this to happen.” He accepts responsibility. But that also indicates that had he been in full health, together with others, they might have been able to stem the rot. But once you ban all other parties you then ban dissent in your own organization. It’s logical. So anyone who is trying to argue against the leadership is regarded as an enemy and driven out or killed—in the case of the Stalinist takeover—within  the Bolshevik party. And then follows the purges and the trials. The fact of the matter is that Stalin killed more Bolsheviks and revolutionaries than the czar did. That’s just a fact of history.

That then creates further demoralization, and a monstrous dictatorship sets in. This dictatorship is then presented to the world as socialism, and many people look to it, millions and millions accept it. Small minorities don’t, but they are small, tiny. But by and large the world accepts it and the world thinks this is the way things have to be if we are going to get socialism—and that was not the case.

(To be continued)

Baloch women

By Nail Shah Noor, Turbat

In this world women have an active role to make it gorgeous; abaloch_women (1) woman plays the role of a mother, sister, daughter, wife and etc. In place of mother she takes care of her children twenty-four seven. As a sister she must helps her siblings in every moment of life. Being a daughter she must obey on every order of her parent. In Baloch nation women have got a great respect in their society. They are being treated normally and they are making Baloch people heads up. It led no words to define that Baloch women are working for the service for Balochi culture such as like sewing Balochi embroidery which are the symbols of Balochi culture. The clothing of them is very much attractive and traditional which shows that how much respective or honorable they are. In common, they are very kind and very hospitable. They are different from the women belonging to other parts of country. It does not mean that they have one hand spare or they have four eyes, they are same as all women, but their life style and their patterns of thinking are different. They always think about their nation respect.

In Baloch history, we can see there were numerous events about Baloch women who fought the enemies and drove them out of their land. The example of Banadi Baloch who fought a warm war to save the name of Balochiat. If we take example of that Baloch woman whose husband was martyred in a battle, fought with occupiers until she met her maker. The brave Yasmeen baloch who didn’t think about her family or her life when the time came for her nation, she sacrifice her life for her mother land.  There are several examples of Baloch women who progress the balochiat of our nation.

If we talk about Baloch freedom fighters, then Baloch women are also struggling for that such as like Zareena marri, Banok kareema, and many more who are working for brightening the future of Baloch nation. They showed that still in hearts of Baloch women there is feeling about their pressed nation. They can bring awareness which can bring big big changes for the freedom of their mother land. It will be wrong to say that Baloch women are not aware about their nation enslavement. They have conducted lots of big big rallies in large amount of women against the government and mentioned that Baloch women have feeling for their nation enslavement.

They are backward in the field of music and other job working. It isn’t mean that they don’t love Balochi, music or other working fields of life rather due to some narrow-minded people who think that it will be a big shame for them that their females go out from home for working or do lesson or sing Balochi and other music. But the very scattered thinking of unkind people has kept the entire community of women backward, their talents are not in shown which is the biggest problem that creating not more interest about their mother tongue and land.

If we search more, then we can find more ideas about Baloch women that how they delighted the history or present area of Baloch nation.

Exacerbated status-quo of Nushki

Naeem Ahmed Jamaldini, Nushki

There is no iota doubt that Nushki was a peaceful city. But after the imagessudden killing of two FC-men in JAZZ Franchise, situations got worsened. In the backlash of two frontier corps death, forces started kidnapping of innocent people. Forces abducted shopkeepers, among of them six Hindus were including. Shaheed Haq Nawaz’s uncle and cousin were abducted, too. Further, more six people were kidnapped from killi Jamaldini.

A trade union called for shutter down strike and all shops remained close for five days consecutively. Trade union concocted not to end strike unless their fellow shopkeepers aren’t to be released. At length, they compelled to end their strike. Intractable forces once again started hostility toward trade union, and kidnapped some of them. After that once again Nushki city remained closed.

Under a conspiracy the peaceful Nushki’s situations are deteriorated. There was some sort of paranoid schizophrenia prevailing among masses. And every common man feels himself precarious in Nushki. Where’s justice is that, none of the kidnapped person was proven guilty. After a long remand and investigation, the above discussed people were acquitted. They were mentally and physically tortured ruthlessly. Complains were registered against these innocent people were based on personal animosity. Their antagonist coveted to enmesh them through complaining and doubting of their involvement with armed forces.

I have gone through the constitution of Pakistan thoroughly but I didn’t see in any article, if someone is criminal before law, so it should be kidnapped. Rather the criminal should be produced before courts, and be dealt according to the law. Forces are not allowed to disappear the masses in the light of Pakistani constitution. As the chief justice of Pakistan said “Forces themselves are violating the Pakistani constitution” Certainly, forces are not authorized to kidnap an outlaw even on their behalf except following codes of law or constitution.

If someone has not committed a crime, he is kidnapped and tortured severely, hence this is absolutely unjust and violation of law, too. A senior analyst Hamid Mir once said in an interview during TV program “table talk’, if any person who kidnaps, tortures or decomposes anybody is also the enemy of Pakistan.

The newly elected government of Balochistan, in spite of worse situation CM Dr. Malik says, “Situation of Balochistan has been improved than before”. Masses are optimum to the newly elected CM of Balochistan to have put hindrance of kidnapping and extrajudicial killing but they are just enhancing their weaknesses and mistakes. Because Dr.Malik and any other minister didn’t take notice of worse situations in Nushki. Albeit, masses consider them their anchor_ sheet.

The periphery pushes back: Policy initiatives from below in Lenin’s International

Second and final Part

By JOHN RIDDELLIN NOVEMBER

Comintern leaders rarely refer to Bolshevik experience or quote from Bolshevik leaders in debating political policy. Even when there are obvious precedents for a policy in Bolshevik history, this is rarely mentioned.

The divisions in the Comintern do not relate to any perceptible differentiation within the Bolshevik party.

In almost every major debate, the Bolshevik leaders assigned to the Comintern are divided. Moreover, their alignments are not consistent; they shift over time and according to the issue.

The actions of the Moscow Executive, on many of the issues we have discussed, display what Jean-François Fayet has called “persistent ambiguity.”

Much depends on how we interpret Radek’s role. Here Fayet, his biographer, sums up his role aptly: Radek defended the authority of the Executive, but politically he upheld the united-front policy developed in collaboration with Paul Levi. As Radek himself said, after Stuttgart workers gave the united front its first formulation, “If I had been in Moscow, the idea would not even have crossed my mind.”

German Communist Clara Zetkin made much the same point a month later in a well-known letter to Lenin. The Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) was “far too cut off” to do more than “recognise the broad lines of development,” she said. It “cannot possibly survey all the concrete circumstances that must be considered.”

Surely the conflicting views, for and against the united front, could only have been developed in the heat of the struggle.

A broader pattern

Disagreements on the united front and related issues can be traced back to 1920, the year that the Comintern truly began to function. During this year, the postwar revolutionary upsurge in Europe began to ebb. Many communist workers believed that a renewed offensive, with greater audacity, could carry the day. This mood was first articulated by Béla Kun and other Hungarian exiles. Others, with Paul Levi in the lead, sought to counter with a strategy that could enable Communists to win the mass support needed for victory. These currents, both endogenous to the workers’ movement outside Russia, provided the impulse for the ideas debated in Moscow.

Interestingly, the main proponents of united front policy in Germany—Levi, Zetkin, Heinrich Brandler, Ernst Meyer, August Thalheimer, Edwin Hoernle, Fritz Heckert, Erich Melcher—had all been comrades of Rosa Luxemburg in the wartime Spartacus League. Their record suggests that, even after the expulsion of Levi in 1921, the concern of Luxemburg and the Spartacists to strengthen ties with the broad masses of workers remained a creative force within the Comintern.

Overall, the Fourth Comintern Congress—with all its shortcomings—illustrates what a revolutionary movement of working people can achieve through a rich culture of discussion and conversation. The congress displays a pattern of linkages in decision making, reaching both up and down, between members on the front lines of struggle and the world congress. Through this mechanism, however imperfectly, the experiences and insights of the ranks contributed to shaping decisions on a global level.

John Riddell has edited seven documentary volumes on the world revolutionary movement in Lenin’s time. His latest, Toward the United Front: Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International, 1922, will be published this year by Haymarket Books. For his articles on related topics, go to johnriddell.wordpress.com. This article was first presented to the Eighth Historical Materialism Annual Conference in London, England, on November 10, 2011.

Discrimination with disabled persons

By Sagheer Sagar, Turbat

The word disability may seem easy to define, but too tough for the handicapones who have been suffering from this incurable disease and lost the optimism of possessing a prosperous living standard due to the enormous handicaps and impediments which have been created by our most civilized and so called society. A physically challenged individual not only undergoes through the discrimination of today’s members of the society, but are also dreadfully confines to accept what people think about them. It is disgusting to find them neglected every realm of life, included, health care, education, job opportunities, bureaucrats, legislation and a lot of more.

Surprisingly to mention that physically challenged persons number is increasing with passage of time. According to the UN estimation approximately there exists 500 million disabled Persons today in the world and the calculation may keep one muddled that nearly out of this total mentioned static figure at least 20 million are the inhabitants of Pakistan which is far behind for the provision of fundamental needs and facilities to the disabled persons.

In addition, a comprehensive policy should be introduced to give them per share in jobs. No doubt, in 2006, it was announced that two percent quota would be given to the physically challenged people in government and private jobs, but this notification can only be found on the beautiful pages of the constitution, but hard to have it practically utilized.

Pakistani society might have been expecting much from the newly elected government after the election of May 11, as each party was having its own appreciable manifesto, but rarely one could be found talking about the prosperity and rights of physically challenged individuals.

However, it is fair to say that they are equally the part of the human society as the other ones are. A widely phrase has been eminent regarding the disabled people that they have been being called as “Special persons of the society”, this has been remained a joke for them. It is highly time the new elected government started a robust policy to make the disabled persons enjoy every facility and comfort of today’s life. The outbreak of such an action can be done by providing them proper education, health care, scholarships for studying abroad, job opportunities and a lot of more which can only prompt them to be special for the society. Hope the above mentioned points will be observed deeply.

Shaheed Ustad Nazir Ahmad Marri

By Wahid Bukhsh Baloch

In human society a teacher has a high respect and place, an master naeerz marriInstructor and teacher is the founder of tomorrow’s offspring, making up and spoiling of lives and behaviors As well.  this spiritual father has a great role that is the reason anywhere the name of a teacher comes would be paid by a huge reverent, when someone asked Socrates that in between parents and teachers whose place is higher

Socrates responded that teachers place is higher” when he has been asked how is that?

Then he replied” parents born offspring and bring them from heaven to earth where is teachers instruct children with their knowledge and help them ascent from earth to the heaven”

In Baloch society a teacher has some sort of respect as Baloch teachers with their day and night struggle providing the Baloch students a jewelry like education to resist and revolt against foes for the sake of nation and land to keep the entire nation away to educational foes, however Baloch instructors are trying their utmost to educate the Baloch students. Among them one name is Ustad Nazir Ahmad Marri.

He was born on 4 April 1955 at khudadad road Quetta at home of Muhammad Murad Marri. He was belonging to a poor family and secured his primary education from Government Central high School Quetta. Moreover for further higher education he secured admission in university  of Balochistan and did his B.A, B Ed and MA, when in 1985 Khair Buksh along with Marri tribe migrated towards Afghanistan after passage of a very little movement Master Nazir Ahmad Marri accompanying by some Baloch has departed to meet Khair Buksh, on the way to Afghanistan they have been disappeared  and other companions of him got martyrdom on the way, approximately, after one year of disappearance they have been brought to disclosure from the inhuman Camps of Pakistani forces in a very Critical Condition and  members of his family were not able to recognize him and after being for long in prison he has been released . Master Nazir Ahmad Marri, was serving as a school teacher for previous 32 years and Currently he was serving his duty as the voice principal of Government high school Killi Shehkhan. Alongside this he was the personal domestic affairs dealer of Baba-e-Freedom Khir Baksh Marri.

General Preveez Mushraf as taking oath of regime justice Nawaz Marri has been killed during this time Master Nazir Ahmad Marri with other friends Belonging to Marri tribe have been arrested, after three Months under the custody of CIA, he was brought to open eyes and then transferred to central Jail hudda, through 16 MPO he was kept in Central jail for 6 month and following the punishment he along with other tribe members released from the jail.

After this thirdly Ustad Nazir Ahmad Marri on 17 Novermber 2005 arrested in that time when has announced his school result and he was on the way to school by reaching on the Saryab Pattak the Pakistani intelligence authority abducted him to their unlawful camps and transferred to different torture cells where he has been torturered  Physically and Mentally, for almost one Month and half he was facing the atrocities of establishment and lastly owing to his Critical Condition shifted to CMH where after Examining doctors said due to antagonistic tortures and injuries he could not be any more cured here so that resultantly Pakistani Intelligence Authorities took Master Nazir Ahmad Marri to Qaid Abad Police Station and intentionally to allowed him to face the illegal lawsuit.

 First Master Nazir Ahmad has been brought to ATC court where the court has rejected the trail after which the case has been shifted to session Court that allegedly ordered the release of Master Nazir Ahmad after the passage of two Months. Sometimes ago, on 2 November 2006 Master Nazir Ahmad as usually serving his responsibility in the school during the times of duty in the classroom in front of the Staff teachers and Students has been abducted by the Pakistan Intelligence authority and  in spite of a continuous strike and protest from schools students after 6 days with brutal signs of torture he has brought from underground cells to open eyes and was released on joint road.

Master Nazir Ahmad on his interviewed to an international Medium said that I am a government servant and being in touch with Khair Baksh Marri so that I am being punished and Pakistani intelligence during the times of Custody Continuously tried to force me that quit accompanying Khair Baksh Marri. So that could accept every difficulty and dark with his open eyes.

At lastly, foes could not tolerate the loyality of Ustad Nazir Ahmad Marri to BaBa-e- Qoum.  this reverend Baloch in spite of bowing his head towards them stood stead fast and compete with every one as regarding his sincerity to the Motherland. Enemies as considering him a huge bottleneck in front of them indiscriminately opened fire of bullets on 19 June 2012 on Tuesday when he along with his Children on Khair Baksh Marri street coming out from home and was about leave to school on Arabab Kram Khan Road, the bullet fired hit his face and head which led him to his eternal abode.

Smoking

It has been observed that anti tobaccos campaigns have provided Quit-Smoking-Cigarettesawareness regarding smoking nevertheless a large numbers of deaths has been occurred due to smoking.

It is painful to hear that tobacco use is the probable cause of cancer death in the worldwide, therefore, the annual rate of tobacco smoker death is estimated to be between six millions.

Smoking is set to kill 7 million people in 2015 and 8.5 million in 2030, with the growing list in poor and middle income countries of the world.

According to World Health Organization (WHO) in each 6.5 a farmer smoker dies. Unfortunately, if the current smoking trend continues then tobacco utilization will kill one billion people in 21st century.

It is reported that 1.3 billion people are smokers worldwide whereas 33 to 50% death cause is smoking habit.

Tobacco causes various diseases for instance lungs cancer, mouth cancer, heart diseases and rigorous problems related to throat and so on. Among these disease most of are so serve that their treatments are not available and remedy for suffering remain a distant dream. However, due to the lack of concentration neither smoking habit is estimated nor seems possible to be finished.

It is the first and foremost duty of the government of any county to ban smoking in order to reduce smoking from rest of the world.

By Shamima Khudadad

The Expansion of Baloch Ethno-Linguistic Community

The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.

The Baloch ethno-linguistic identity took shape through a lengthy process. As mentioned earlier the Baloch fought with many mighty. Persian kings in the fifth and sixth centuries before Christ. The Shahnamah tells us about their genocide by the most powerful Sasanian king, Anushirwan (531-578 AD) around 531 AD. During the reign of Caliph Walid bin Abdul Mailk (705-715), the Arabs captured Balochistan.

With the emergence of Arab rule over the region in the early 8th century, the Baloch gradually accepted Islam. The Arab rule brought some tremendous socio-economic changes in the region. Dealing with the province of Makkoran and its capital Panjgur of the 10th century, Le Strange quotes the literary geographer al-Maqaddasi as his authority, and states:

Bannjbur  (Panjgur) according to Maqaddasi had a clay built fortress protected by ditch and town was surround by Palm-groves. There were tow gates of the city, Bab-Tiz opening south west on road to Tiz and Bab-Turan north east in the road to the district of that name of which the capital was Kuzdar [Khuzdar]. There was a stream to water the city and Friday mosque stood in the market square, thought there were really only Moslem in name being savage Balusis (Balochis) whose language was a jargon.

The britsh historian Thomas Holdich, also discussed the economic prosperity of Makkoran under the Arab rule. He states that in Makkoran the Arabs shaped out for themselves overland routes to India, establishing big trade centres in flourishing towns, cultivating their national fruit, the date, in Makkroan valleys     and surrounding themselves with the wealth and beauty of irrigated agriculture. Thus the emergence of new cites and Commercial centers in Makkoran and central balochistan  ( Tiz or Tis, Panjgur, Khuzdar, etc.) benefited the material growth of the people. There recruitment to the Arab armies improved their warfare skills and the tribal might. These development enabled the Baloch to from their own polity with fall of the Caliphate in the end of the 10th century. It must be borne in mind that since the 13th century, the Baloch population has constantly moved along a roughly, west-east direction. The Mughal invasion in the mid 13th century followed by Timur,s forays into the country in the breakdown of irrigation system forcing large scale tribal migration from Makkoran further north and north east where they entered Sindh and Punjab in the 14th and 15th centuries.

The largest Baloch migration eastward, however, occurred in the early 16th century. At this period the Baloch tribes of Rind and Lashari fought several memorable wars among themselves. There hostilities continued for 30 years, between 1490 A.D. and 1520 A.D in and around Sivi, modern Sibi, and Kacchi with its capital at Gandawa. Consequently, this led to a massive wave of migration towards Punjab and Sindh. The Rinds who migrated from Sibi to Punjab spread up the valleys of the Chenab, Ravi, and saltej rivers. it should be noted that the first record of the Baloch movement into Sindh is from 13th and 14th centuries. Simultaneously two other Baloch tribes, the Dubia and the Hout moved up the Indus and Jhelam in the same period from Makkran. About 1470, Multan’s ruler, shah Hossein Langah (1467-1502) allotted lands on the western bank of the Indus for the settlement of the Baloch. Since the fifteenth century, they started to put down proper roots in Sindh. In the year 1770, the Baloch overthrew the Kalhora Dynasty and Become the rulers of Sindh. The Talpur Mir, a Baloch clan formed the new Mir dynasty (1770-1843). According to the census of 1901, some twenty-three per cent of Sindhi Muslims were Baloch. It is interesting to note that the Sind Muhammadan Association, a landlord organization, petitioned Lord Montagu on his trip to India in 1917 that they wanted a separate province composed of Sindh and Balochistan. This reflected the significant number of the Baloch tribes in Sindh and the prominence of their leaders, the mirs, in the early 20th century.

Why did the Baloch disperse over the vast territory between Kerman and the Indus? The main reason according to Gankovsky was the slow but steady development of the productive forces. As a result, the Baloch clan organization was disinterring and feudal relations taking shape among them. As population grew, the grazing grounds were compelled to take in new lands. Inter-tribal wars and clashes becomes frequent, and the defeated tribes either had to submit before the victor or had to abandon their lands and look for new lands. Warcraft, which bulked large in the life of the Baloch as early as the tenth and elevation centuries, rapidly gained in prestige.

Under the reign of Shah Abbas Safavi (1585-1628), some Kurdish tribes migrated into Balochistan. Their number increased in the time of Nadir Shah (1730-1747). Simultaneously, several Jadgal tribes took refuge in Bahu and Dashtiari, western Balochistan. Their migration possibly took place in the end of the 16th century during the Malik rule in Makkoran. A vest assimilation process continued for many centuries. As observed by Spooner, it continued up to the 18th and 19th centuries. He had credited, party the success of Nasir Khan’s policies and party the later British administrative classification, for the latter integration and consolidation of Baloch national identity. Confirming the assimilation of non- Baloch tribes into Baloch society, Freoz Ahmad argues,” Sme of these tribes retained their languages, but got so thoroughly assimilated into Balochi ethnicity that there is no different between them and other Baloch people of today.” However, according to Fredrik Barth a Norwegian anthropologist, large parts of some Baloch tribes acknowledge Pathan origin.

As mentioned id earlier sections, over the course of centuries, the language and the culture of the Baloch have come to predominate throughout most of the country, so that the majority of the population may be characterized as Baloch. “See to our graveyards”., Dawood  khan Ahmadzai, son of last Khan of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan pointed,” our forefathers are engraved in their gravestones as the Baloch.” He continued, “We follow same customs from the cradle to the grave.” Even many of these early immigrations have changed their tribal names, for example Kurds to Mir- Balochzai and Saddazi( jadgal) to Sardarzai. Interviewing people with different background (the Brahvi, the Jadgal, the kurd) I realised that all of them eagerly emphasis on their Baloch ethnic origin. Speaking with Ghulam Muhammad Khanzai, a Baloch intellectual with Jadgal background,he told the other, we come from Sindh, but we are originally Baloch. It is why we migrated to Balochistan, we retuned back to our original homeland”. He continued, “For example look to our tribal names, I am a Mir all the Mirs speak Sindhi in Sindh”. According to writer and former vice chancellor of Sindh University, Dr. Nabi Bakhsh Baloch, only the Baloch tribes are known as Mir in Sindh.

In certain parts of the Balochs country, however, such as Kalat, the Brahui language is predominant. Along the border areas of Sindh, Afghanistan and Iran, there are some minor ethnic groups, which settled, in the 19th century or early 20th century for example, jamot of Lasbela, Pashtuns of Quetta, jatts of Kacchi, Sibi and Derajat, Persian-speaking Tajiks and Dehwars Sistan Mastung are among such minority ethnic groups in Balochistan.

(To be continued)

Baloch issue; on point of no return

By Akhtar Ashraf

The state has never been optimistic concerning the success of Baloch cum Balochistan. Balochistan has been deprived of infrastructure since annexation. It is complexity what has been done that has been an oversight or consciously the province has been neglected through a massive conspiracy.

Though Balochistan is facing a serious challenge extra judicial disappearance target killings and dumping bodies of missing Baloch which turned into a catastrophic.

The voice chairman of voice of Baloch missing persons Qadir Baloch narrated in a Balochi channel VASH News that 16,000 Baloch are missing and nearly 700 bodies of missing persons had been recovered in different swaths of Balochistan. Another report of voice of Baloch missing persons that during  six months of current year 320 Balochs have been abducted and bodies of 30 missing Baloch political activists were found, almost 30 people were killed including woman and children during of military operations.

However, the newly elected chief Minister of Balochistan Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch said that recovery missing persons and suspension of dumping bodies’ series are the first priority of his government. In spite Mr Baloch statement bodies of five missing Baloch were found in Quetta on the same day when Dr. Abdul Malik was sworn in as the Chief Minister. According to the BBC Urdu, 12 bodies were dumped in the first week after election. Also Dr. Abdul Malik said that he would bring all Baloch separatists on the table of negotiation. Will Dr. Abdul Malik be pay-off about what he has assured the Prime Minister of Pakistan? But it is not being appeared that Baloch separatists will come on the table of reconciliation. According to a Baloch the issue has reached at the point of no return. The guerilla leader Allah Nazar said the very low turnout of vote was proof that the election was a referendum in favour of Balochistan’s liberation.

Lastly, if the state has paid serious attention on Balochistan, perhaps the condition of Balochistan would be different, today. The time has gone now the ball is not in establishment’s court. What is happening in Balochistan is outcome of deprivation and cruelty of law enforcement agencies.

June 2013, edition is available in market

June 2013 edition for blog

May 2013 title

tital for blog

China now wants to gulp Gwadar after digest of Saindak

Balochistan epicenter of future crown

By Ahmed Khan

During student age we would hear story of “warm water” in study circles of Baloch Student gwadar2-300x293Organization at that time Soviet Union was combating in Afghanistan with Mujahidin supported and invented by American CIA. Soviet Union impulsive to access warm-water means coast of Balochistan, because her cold climate does not allow four-season operation of her own oceans. But Balochistan’s Gwadar natural port was offering auspicious military ground to tackle the capitalist bloc. Afghanistan was falling between to touch desired ground and warm-water. At that time Gwadar was only military strategic point. The Soviet Union before reaching Gwadar had disintegrated due to her political system collapse.

Gwadar is a planned port city on the Southwester warm-water Arabian Sea coastline of Balochistan. It is a town of approximately 8,500. It is situated on the shores of Arabic Sea in Balochistan. It is about 533 km from Karachi and 120 km from Iranian border. Gwadar Port is located in the mouth of Persian Gulf, just outside the strait Hurmuz, key shipping routes in and out of Persian Gulf.

Pakistan People’s Party government at the end of its tenure signed two agreements with China and Iran. The government decided to hand over control of Gwadar Port to China, which was controlled by Port of Singapore Authority (PSA) for 45 years lease. The pact was declared void with Port of Singapore Authority (PSA) by assigning various objections but impetus of cancellation of pact is China.

 On the eve of Chinese Prime Minister  visit to Pakistan, the memorendum of understandings between both countries formally signed, even administrative affairs have been transferred to Chinese authorities as practically. By now China Overseas Port Holding Company (COPHC) run Gwadar Port, means the warm-water base got crown future, to what Soviet Union could get. This Chinese Company by collaboration of other two fellow state companies will run it.

It is worth mentioning that India has got sufficient portion of investment in Afghanistan by consent of America, which is indigestible to Pakistani establishment. The Indian business does not confined in Afghanistan but in Iran on Chahbahar venue companies have occupied oil field and others. The increasing influence of India along with western border of Pakistan has raised worries of establishment as being an antagonistic state. Pakistan wants to balance or halt the Indian expansion with its western border at any cost, so she has offered China to enjoy Baluchistan’s resources and coast. And giving the control of Gwadar Port is an appendage of this scheme. No doubt the geographic importance, the warm waters length which is nearly 700km prolong and the precious minerals of Balochistan land can adorn the future crown on head of a state in world.

China is already engaged in Balochistan and enjoying here’s minerals in the shape of project of Saindak. She is also involved in Project of exploration oil and gas on numerous sites in Balochistan. She is also going to take-over the management of Reco-Dek project. China had spent $250 million and built 75 percent Gwadar Port but afterward this post was given to Port of Singapore Authority. The Pakistani media report alleged that the PSA, which was to spend $525 million on the project in five years, made no investment because of non-fulfillment of its demand for allotment of land worth Rs 15 billion, and last year Supreme Court of Pakistan nullified pact with this Singapore Company.

chinese-warships-3-ships-20429China is constructing a road links Karakuram to Gwadar and laying Railway track from Xiang to Gwadar as well. She is expecting a monster business by Gwadar and intended to boost it as a trade hub. By using this central point Gwadar, the China will send its cheap products to African States which is on distance of few thousand miles. The continent Africa’s most countries are underdeveloped, so there’s majority of masses cannot buy first world fine quality products, but Chinese low class products are accessible for these pre-modernized region.

Hurmuz strait is on near proximity from Gwadar which is a renewed oil trade shipment rout in the world. China gets oil from Arab States and carriages sea way and it distance more than 5000 nautical miles, but when she will get low priced oil from Iran then can transport by Gwadar via railway tanks to eastern province Xiang, and the distance will cut more than half. By same railway track she is intended to transport minerals which she is extracting from Balochistan Saindak project and other ways. Pakistan and china trade volume almost $700 billion, China sell $500 billion of its products in here’s markets and Pakistan earn $200 billion by barter of raw materials or minerals.

With commercial significance Gwadar has military importance, too. From this point China can supervise the Indian marine dynamic. Indian government regarding Gwadar agreement expressed concerns, but Pakistan and China have ruled-out all reservations of any country and declared it solely a commercial move. On the other hand the fifth aircraft carrier US naval base sailing in Mediterranean water activities can be watched. Pakistan’s history entails that it always has used superpower and offered its territory for use against the other powerful state. The Soviet was and Mujahedeen’s bolster is solid example of this. By subletting its ground she earned Dollars and now extraction of wealth is expected from China and land will be used of Baloch.

Pakistan army already have stated that now state has threats from western borders and forces will be deployed along with Afghan border. And new army doctrine also was announced to combat Baloch insurgency and Talban Baloch Nationalists totally negate China and declared it with Red-Imperialist. Be remembered that Baloch are waging a separatist war against Pakistan, and they consider China the backing state of Pakistan. The Pakistani state authorities fluently blame on India for supporting Baloch insurgency and invigorating violence in Balochistan. Occasionally, authorities’ ambiguity blame on America and Arab States for involvement in Balochistan turbulence, which got prolong more than 10 years, and with passage of time is getting strengthened. In this perspective Pakistan wants China to base in Balochistan, invest here and earn much benefit but assist her for crushing the rebellion movement in her province and deter the superpower involvement in Balochistan.

The America has based in Afghanistan came for exploiting resources of Central Asian States. She has only way of Balochistan and entrance in region is Gwadar. Excluding Balochistan and its coast America never can enjoy the Central Asian resources. In the beginning of 2000 decade, when Pakistan attempted to populate Gwadar as it’s a coastal city where port was built by assistance of China, but the plane was foiled by Baloch insurgency. By now America and its ally Arab states once again will bellows the war in Balochistan to repulse the China from this ground. India has already leaned to hush China from Balochistan. Arab Emirates commercial market will be affected worst by Gwadar Port fictionalization; hence they cannot sit without interference in the Baloch Issue.

The international powers are reluctant to permit China take the crown of future on its head; especially India, America and Russia are embittered to see Chinese existence in Balochistan, but Pakistan in future may not get aid on name of “War on terror” or any other purposes, thus without aid it cannot continue survival because of fail state machinery. She only sells its assets for sustenance of establishment and a layer. Now there is not any window remained to earn but only golden sparrow Balochistan is, which can earn for her to keep continue survival. But now the real heir Baloch also is conscious politically and may not let establishment to vend their land and resources to China or any other with trouble. They recognized their strength in world and will adopt a policy favoring real heir Baloch as they did in nearer past. The world has to take them in confidence before stepping toward the epicenter of future crown.

Had better China being a socialist state help the oppressed nations and peoples, like Balochs but she is following blindly for her interests and trampling all humanitarian codes and plundering Baloch’s resources without consent of this nation. China merely give tiny share in of surplus value of earned Baloch mineral, coast and resource to Pakistani establishment for allowing inhuman activities in Balochistan.

Establishment forces launched wide ranged operations in Balochistan after signing agreement with China the transformation of Gwadar control. In regard they are facing severe retaliations because Baloch has got consciousness politically and resisting hard their land. The establishment, this time may not conquer indigenous of Balochistan and get defeated to throw it in lap of China against its sustenance of few months or years.

Baloch people have rejected the Pakistani elections: Dr Allah Nazar Baloch

Our struggle is not for the elite class; there is no difference in the blood of Balach ALLAH NAZAR (8)Marri, Dil Jan Baluch and Akbar Bugti. Interference of China and Iran in Balochistan will be resisted.

Baloch Guerrilla Leader Dr Allah Nazar Baloch in his Exclusive Interview with Vash Tv, said Pakistani state policy regarding the Baloch will remain unchanged.

Baloch people have rejected the Pakistani elections, The Baloch population rejection of the Pakistani election should be considered a referendum in favour of independence, Dr Malik doesn’t have a clear vision regarding Baloch issue. He is turning a blind eye towards Baloch demands of independence. There is No difference between Malik, Aslam Raisani and Zulfiqar Magsi.

Mr Baloch further said, our struggle is controlled by Common Baloch throw Organizations. No Tribal chief has a say in our affairs. All Tribal chiefs are puppets of Pakistan Army except Khair Baksh Marri.

It is a National freedom Movement in Balochistan, Baloch Genocide is happening, UN should deal it as a War by Baloch Nation against foreign occupa-tion, UNO’s previous delegation to investigate human rights abuse was a positive step, We offer protection for any international observer who wants to visit Baloch-istan, UN intervention will be accepted.

Baloch Guerrila Leader more said, Every Regional change will effect the Baloch, A total USA withdrawal from Afghanistan will worsen the situation in this region, USA should not make the same mistake of withdrawing from Afghanistan as Soviet Union did.

We are not getting any support or fund from any country, if any country had helped situation would have been different.

The countries supporting Pakistan they should stop funding it and start supporting us because Pakistan has turned itself into a terrorist nest, interference of China and Iran will be resisted. If Baloch national interests are bypassed, the whole world will whirl into a disaster.

No common Punjabi was ever killed in Balochistan, Many of them are in different parts of Balochistan, and we have no problem with them only those were killed who were collaborated with the Pakistan Army. The Holy Quran was burned by Pakistani Army in Balochistan why did no religious leader protest against this? Our struggle is aligned with Religious, Humanitarian

and Nationalist beliefs.

“Our struggle is not for the elite class; there is no difference in the blood of Balach Marri, Dil Jan Baluch and Akbar Bugti. Today if anyone is respected; it is because of their contribution to the national cause. The Pakistani media working under an anti-revolutionary policy attempts to defame our struggle by characterizing it as an elitist movement . . . Calling Hyrbyar Marri and Brahmdagh Bugti tribal chieftains is part of Pakistan’s propaganda campaign to counter the Baluch struggle . . . Hyrbyar Marri and Brahmdagh Bugti, though born in the homes of tribal chiefs, are known and respected for their commitment to the national cause.”

The civilized world has taken notice of the Baloch Genocide and they would one day take action, Baloch people are happily contributing with their lives and wealth in this struggle for freedom.

All talks of dialogue with Baloch freedom seekers are delay tactics to spread confusion among Baloch Nation; we will construct a judicial system where common people will Get justice on bases of equality in a Free Balochistan.

(Courtesy to online media)

The new provincial Government determination

By Ahmed Khan

The provincial government also like its precedential postured in a TV program that it will solve AbdulMalikchiefministerBalochistanproblem of missing person and settlement of Baloch Issue in political way. National Party head and nominated Chief Minister Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch with his partner Hasil Bizenjo declared “Angered Baloch” to insurgents.

If we retrospect the Raisani forgone government of Balochistan, then before sworn for Chief Minister Mr. Aslam Raisani pledged that he would resolve Baloch Issue within three years and in case of failure will resign from post of CM, but couldn’t do anything and never left highest post of province, even during his era emergency was imposed but Mr. Raisani had gummed with power chair. Several time Mr. Raisani menaced to insurgents by saying that he would follow them to mountains on bases of tribalism. The insurgent welcomed Mr. Raisani challenge and said that if Raisani comes to mountains, then will find them opposite for combating. After that Mr. Raisani in that style never addressed to insurgents.

The main point is this that Dr. Malik and his partner Hasil Bizenjo can provide for what Baloch youth have gone to mountains. Lucidly it can be stated that they never can. They themselves know that Baloch youth have gone to mountains for freedom of Balochistan and this provincial or central Islambad’s parliament how can grant to them their object, while these are nurturing by Balochistan’s resources.

 These progressive or productions of BSO have great difference in statements. Dr. Malik says, “We can’t go ahead without resolving missing persons and mutilated bodies issue”. While Mr. Bizenjo says, “The missing persons and mutilated bodies issue is of center and Baloch separatists and it is not theirs.  So center and separatist should solve it”.

mir-hasil-khan-bazinjoMr. Bizenjo statement entails that he is not from Balochistan or lives in Balochistan but does not want to touch those problems which are not benefiting him. Or he does not want to get involved in such matter which in response does not provide wealth and luxuries.

The nominated Chief Minister knows well that his government will not be more powerful than its precedent’s, and  he knows that he can never solve problems of Balochs by this forum but can get wealth and incentives for his individual or specific group. He in his statement clarified that they will work in other sectors, like education, health and other are their preference. In fact, the catastrophic of Baloch Issue has engulfed entire Balochistan and it is most important problem to be solved, after that the region’s people lives will turn into prosper and cheerful.

Mr. Hasil Bizenjo is not consented to take responsibility of solving Baloch Issue, even he is not ready to confess as its problem, but he fleeing and declaring it matter of central government or military establishment and Baloch insurgents. It seems that Mr. Bizenjo is not worried about this slaying and abducting process of Baloch youth. And he has no pain for Baloch Missing persons. He considers valid the Chinese plunder of resources of Baloch, too and in his statements he hailed Chinese expansionism in Balochistan by replacing word “investment”.

In the perspective of these politicians and parties it can be analyzed that process of abducting and throwing of mutilated bodies will be unremitting in advent of regime. The ministers will have been inviting to Baloch insurgents for dialogues or capitulation but no one will be able to touch the reasons that why insurgency has commenced and what are the demands of insurgents. The past government and newly going to be formed government has a tiny difference that precedents government had label of tribalism and Mr. Malik and Hasil Bizenjo’s has progressiveness. Both governments are lacking mandate of masses and authority, too. They just came to earn wealth for themselves and they don’t have any authority for settlement disputes for what they are claiming.

Nation boycott from election is great advancement: BSF

Bolan Voice Report

Baloch Salvation Front in its statement stated “Baloch Nation’s boycott from election is a historical achievement and referendum. Baloch Nation stood beside pro-independent thinker, even state used public opinion as crutch and on 11th May citizen were forced to vote but such fanciest attempt got failed. Baloch with courage stayed at home on voting day, which shocked occupant and her hired companies.”

In Balochistan, voting rate was below than 5 percent; hence this turnout testifies that Baloch Nation is not consented for anything less than freedom. The parliamentarian parties disown support of Baloch except handful people. Baloch Nation had verdict by boycotting that they had rejected these mentioned parties, because on voting the polling station had been deserted even call of these parties. Claimed in statement.

The claim, that few tribe or people raising slogan of separation is refuted by Baloch Nation boycott from state election and this also conveyed a massage to world that it is not war of any duke or tribal chieftain but it is national war, which base solely on freedom, and purely Baloch Nation has rejected anti-freedom, so this decision of national is not low worthy than victory though destination has not been touched. The nation’s disapproval to election is a great feat which credit does not go to any single party or group but this revolutionary slant has absorb in to nation due martyrs  sacrifices of armed groups. Political workers tireless strives on local and international levels, Baloch patriot intellectuals, writers and mothers sisters invocation molded history in this shape. Now in Baloch Nation a profound ideology of independency has deep and situation is causing erosion the occupant. In this glob no power can halt Baloch to gain its independent status mean independent Balochistan. Occupant is using violent and tortured method to deter or repudiate from demand from but nation is adherent with cause and generated spirit for paying sacrifice of lives. This great change in Baloch Nation also causes nervous hype. They have known that they have been rejected but freedom movement is being supported warmth. Claimed in BSF statement.

International media affirmed that in Baloch areas voting process was level of zero, but state media covering realities but as history presenting situation as partially which is condemnable act because this way they are stabbing the sacred profession journalism. In fact, state media has failed to telecast any footage that in Baloch area people are voting, but contradict to realities footage of Pashtoons of Quetta were telecasted. Whilst the print media performed its duties impartially and covered boycott of Baloch people from state elections.

The spokesperson of Baloch Salvation Front said this election process was a referendum and is enough to open eyes of United Nation and international world about Baloch Issue, where nationalist proclaim that their land is occupied by Pakistan against the consent of nation. The United Nation ought to consider the status of Balochistan as occupied and declare it war-zone with recognizing it as independent state. Entire world countries on humanitarian basis support Baloch Struggle on grounds of politics and moral. They should back the Baloch’s defensive struggle if independency.

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