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Interviewed by Zareef Gul Baloch
With reference to the ‘Hunger Strike Till Death’ of Latif Johar, a BSO-A student, in front of the Karachi Press Club, the Bolan Voice Magazine had a special interview with him who has been on hunger strike for the safe and sound recovery of his leader for more than 27 days, has plaintively expressed his grievances with our magazine correspondent over the enforced abduction of his Leader, Zahid Baloch, who is missing since the present day now. According to him, He says, “He can’t torture other people, but his organization has taught him the lesson and love of humanity, so he has the full authority to torture himself in order to gain the positive attention of the world and its civilized peace-promoting organizations”. Moreover, with the each passing grueling minute of his life, he has to fight hard to survive as the doctors have said that “his constitution is getting deteriorated in terms of “health and weight” that might result in a fatal repercussion.
(Below is the elaborate conversation with him, BLV, stands for Bolan Voice magazine)
BLV: Why and how Zahid Baloch the chairman BSO-A fell in the hands of forces? If you can vindicate causes behind the incident.
Lateef Johar: The vindication of causes is markedly clear if you live in Balochistan or if you have had previous acquaintance with the land of Balochistan! Bolan Voice Magazine, as a student I very often read it which is circulated throughout Balochistan, what I mean to say is that because of national struggle, sprawling awareness among his people and students, as thousands of Baloch scholars, students and writers who went missing and were abducted by the armed forces, my Leader Zahid Baloch, was abducted similarly because of being a nationalist who believed in love, peace and humanity. In addition to that, the Pakistani state can’t abide it and it atrociously kidnaps and kills, and then throws their mutilated corpses and the reasons are obviously the same that’s why Zahid Baloch has been forcefully kidnapped.
BLV: You are observing Hunger Strike for 26 days, has anybody taken notice of this strike?
Lateef Johar: Well, to some extent the masses and the media like English newspapers and the writers who are overseas have come in order to interview me in the relevance of the reason of my hunger protest. Otherwise, Pakistani media and their channels are not showing their journalistic keen interest in this hunger strike which is their instinctually professional obligation as well as from the State’s mainstream media nobody has taken notice of this strike, the way it actually has to. From the masses’ side, the Baloch youth, Sindhi people, and people from other places have shown keen interest in observing my hunger strike and they have also participated in it. Plus, English writers, people from abroad and journalists working in electronic media out of Pakistan have also been showing a keen interest in the coverage of this strike.
BLV: The state authorities denied about owning Zahid Baloch, hence what mean remains of protest including your hunger strike?
Lateef Johar: It is very weird to know the State authorities are saying that my leader, Zahid Baloch, is not in their custody. So, who are those in armoured paramilitary vehicles who picked up him? If they say that they are not the forces of State, so I believe there is no State if it doesn’t know who they are in their military dresses and trucks. Similarly, hundreds of thousands of Baloch have gone missing but their mutilated and tortured bodies are being thrown! Where do they come from? Some people who get freed, what are their sayings and what do they say? Everybody is well aware of such atrocities of the State and certainly the world understands that who is doing this. The missing persons are in the State custody and here our hunger strike’s main goal is beyond thoughts!
BLV: The VBMP is protesting for long time but failed to get released Baloch Missing Persons, in such circumstances BSO-A camp will get succeeded in its intentions?
Lateef Johar: Well, it is actually an illusion to think that the VBMP long time protest failed, no not at all. If anyone says that Mama Qadeer’s long march campaign got failed, so I believe that they are only lying to themselves, actually. Mama Qadeer’s campaign is eternally alive and it made alive more the struggle movement and certainly, this State is an enemy, a wolf in sheep’s clothing. The State fears lot from the Baloch sons, daughters and women and Mama Qadeer made alive the question that “why and where the sons, daughters and women are? And where have the paramilitary forces taken them to? And for what reason did they disappear them? In true sense, Mama Qadeer’s long march campaign has actually more injected energy into the Baloch struggle! And his campaign didn’t at all fail as well as it raised awareness in international countries and organizations about the State’s atrocities in Balochistan. Obviously, he is Mama Qadeer and his campaign is still alive! And so far The BSO-A camp is concerned, so our camp’s main mission is the same and it will not get failed. As you can see that today’s 27th day of our hunger strike and this news is sprawling like a fire in social media and other related social networks, international organizations and among the other nations of the world.
BLV: How is media response about coverage of your hunger strike camp, and can you tell the ratio of international level achievements through it?
Lateef Johar: Yes, but the Pakistani electronic media is not giving coverage of the agonizing problems overall of Baloch people and they are not covering or broadcasting our problems, either. Owning to the media and social networks our plaintive voice has been given an attentive ear internationally and amazing is the fact that before our voice reaching and coming out from Balochistan; they, including the international communities and human rights defenders, they say that they know “why and who” made us feel so enslaved a nation and they say that they well know who is responsible? Meaning of the saying is that our hunger strike is part of the peaceful struggle and it is bearing fruits and it is not as if that the world is unwise to the problems of Baloch nation: In fact personally the international NGOs, writers, scholars and human rights defenders and all who have an alive sense of humanitarian conscience and a true sense of humanity, are enthusiastically showing a keen interest in our campaigns.
BLVM: In media about BSO (Constitutional) statements appeared, so how you define this new group of BSO?
Lateef Johar: I believe they are the people who have been excluded inasmuch as they were irresponsible and they were taken out from the organization, given the fact that they didn’t abide by the constitution of this mentioned organization. It can be possible that they might be trying to organize a new BSO for themselves or something of that kind and with they don’t have anything to do with our BSO-A.
BLV: The rifts among pro-independent organizations uncovered and with each passing day these are getting intense, on this juncture of conflictions BSO-A how will deal the complication?
Lateef Johar: If anyone tries to pass on their personal viewpoint about such a juncture of mentioned conditions and problems related to the Baloch Nation, so they are not new ones, in fact from the day of the subjugation of Balochistan till the uprising of the Baloch freedom movement they have been the same. The disturbed or peaceful conditions of Sindh, Punjab, Kyber Paktunkwa or the Islamabad have nothing to do with the geography of Balochistan. In Balochistan, there is freedom struggle going on, so during this extremism from the outrage of State and the Baloch separatists gets an evolving point of emergence. Given the fact that as the insurgency gets on its rise the more the State starts killing and dumping the people. As a student organization, there are such many other complications that BSO-A deals with.
BLV: Does BSO-A have any program to defend organization and its workers while its chairman couldn’t be protected from state elements?
Lateef Johar: Well, it is a student organization and it doesn’t have such active power to protect its members or to stop the paramilitary forces from kidnapping or killing the workers of BSO-A and here the biggest mission of BSO-A is to raise awareness by going to schools, colleges, universities and such other related educational institutions as well as our workers are not bureaucrats or prime ministers that they would be accompanied by ten or twenty security or bodyguards. No, we are students and our weapons are our pens and books and certainly they can’t protect us physically against any odds. And it is high time that the world, the UNO and other human rights watch organizations rose voice in order to keep thousands of lives of the insecure BSO-A students and leaders secured.
BLV: According to your assessment, what is the biggest bone of contention of the most Baloch related issues?
Lateef Johars: I believe, In Balochistan, “Slavery of Baloch nation is the bone of contention and the solution to every problem is freedom”. As recently educational institutions in Panjgoor were made closed and in Turbat area where educational institutions were made closed, too and I believe that no external person is involved but the infernalist internal ones. I believe Dr. Malik is involved in this act and in such contrived diplomacy Awami party is also greatly involved. “Giving birth to more problems is, additionally, a conspired measure to keep more the Baloch nation enslaved”. And it is a very naked fact that the Baloch by establishing some private schools and educational institutions have been providing the Baloch society with good education outcomes in terms of awareness, knowledge, politics and overall education. And I believe the biggest bone of contention is slavery and an enslaved nation on earth is always ignored”.
BLV: What message do you want to deliver to the Balochs and Human Rights Organizations through Bolan Voice?
Lateef Johar: We strongly appeal to the world that ours is a peaceful struggle and ours is a peaceful student’s organization and they must know deeply with the regards to the problems of Baloch nation, any problem related should be figured out and then resolved whether it comes to the Baloch geography or their educational or social and national problems.
Lateef Johar is merely on “hunger strike till death” to see his leader BSO-A chairman, Zahid Baloch, released with the many others who have gone missing for a very long period of time. With the every passing minute his life is gradually heading toward a big loss, please, it is a serious pledge to the human rights organizations to save Lateef Johar from dying on hunger strike and the soon, safe and sound release of his leader can save his life.
Bolan Voice Report
On 18th April, 2014, the Baloch Student Organization (Azad) chairman Zahid Baloch along with workers after dispensation of organizational works were on the way that security officials in uniform and plain cloths interrupted them, and after confirming the identification, they took Mr Baloch in vehicle with them. When female workers of BSO-A resisted against arrest of their leader, so security men by power of weapons had detent them. The vice chairmen of BSO-A Banuk Kareema Baloch disclose incident in media on 23rd April, 2014, after span of five days.
When media-persons approached to I.G FC about arrest of Zahid Baloch, then they denied the capture of Mr Baloch and declared baseless the blames of the BSO-A. FC official said they disown the chairman of student organization.
The Baloch Nationalist organization leader Zahid Baloch, in the perspective of an ongoing series of throwing the mutilated bodies of Baloch political workers, especially the BSO-A members but recently discovery of the mass graves have engraved worries about his life. In such situations, the worries about Mr Zahid Baloch and other missing Balochs relatives is a natural ingredient, said the Baloch Nationalist leaders and organizations in their statements.
For the release of Mr Zahid Baloch the Chairmen of BSO-A a protest camp in front of Karachi press club has been established and a member of the organization comrade Latif Johar is sitting on Hunger Strike till death. The Media is covering the strike of comrade and the state authorities are envious with this; resultantly, they lobbed tear gas canisters on protest camp with intention to sabotage the protest of comrade Latif and others. Although the BSO-A members are protesting peacefully as according to the human laws.
At Quetta Press club the spouse of Mr Zahid Baloch with Mama Qadeer the vice-chairmen of Voice for Baloch Missing persons (VBMP) addressed a Press conference. While addressing, she told that her husband was practicing politics in sphere of state laws on forum of Baloch Student Organization (Azad). The mentioned organization is an armless and surface functioning group. “My husband never indulged in any subversive activity; therefore, he must be produced before the court if he has committed any guilt, but keeping him disappeared is violation of the Human Rights. The organizations of human rights defending must perform their due role for the safe release of Zahid Baloch”, appealed spouse Zahid Baloch.
The nationalist party Baloch National Movement (BNM) is protesting for the safe release of Zahid Baloch. They said, “the party had called for strikes in Balochistan and internationally the workers of said party observed sit-in front of British Prime Minister House, in Germany and at other places they are also protesting in same style that international leaders with community to know about abduction of Zahid Baloch and they pressurize the Pakistani authorities that to release the student organization leader”.
In Balochistan, the National Party which claims for being Baloch nationalist and pro-democracy totally seems helpless including senseless regarding the abduction of BSO-A chairman and other human rights violations in the province, too. The media organizations consider Balochistan a hotbed and lawless province but the chief minister of the province Dr Malik Baloch says, “Balochistan is tranquilized” by this way he is hiding sun with his figure. In fact, he can’t do anything for Baloch people, if he has any authority, so it is the best time to test his power and bring Zahid Baloch the chairmen of BSO-A on surface.
It is comic that Home Minister Balochistan talking with BBC gestured some inner information about BSO-A, he told this organization is nursery for Baloch insurgent groups and exposed other mysteries, too but amazingly he denied about recognition of Zahid Baloch the chairman student organization. Question rises he knows that much about organization but doesn’t know about head of organization and he has also no information about his arrest and disappearance. How irrational and insane statement release the politicians about Baloch!
“In the fast developing globe the importance of technical and medical education can’t be glossed over by any manner of means and its exclusion from our rosy vista of lives would mean that we are specifically as well as unobtrusively crippled”.
By Basheer Ahmed Ijbari
There is no denial of the fact that Balochistan is the most underdeveloped province in terms of both technical and medical education as well as in comparison with the other developed provinces, it totally remains strapped for quality-based curriculum of subjects and in fact there is a huge destitution of educational institutions especially the far-away and rural districts are facing the lack such as Medical and Engineering Colleges, Information Technology and Law Colleges and so on, except Quetta which is the main city of Balochistan. Staggering is the actuality that merely very few of the colleges provide professional subjects’ studies among them University of Balochistan (UOB) is the one and only which has the provision of fields such as D-Pharmacy, Microbiology and Biochemistry Departments, these three departments are related to the medical fields and two Engineering Colleges are available in Balochistan. Moreover, Balochistan University Khuzdar and Balochistan University of Information Technologies, Engineering and Management Sciences “BUITEMS”. These two are the Universities which enable the students concerned to go into the fields in order to hold the relevant professional degrees.
Now I come to the main point which I titled about the bachelor of medicine and the bachelor of surgery ‘MBBS’, the masses of the province who have the appetite for knowledge to learn, are coping up with its scarcity and unfortunately for getting the above-mentioned relevant education in Balochistan it rather seems to be a day-dream specially for the impoverished hoi-polio and the mentioned sectors are not available easily as compared to the other provinces of our country. Besides, even when it comes to mentioning the existence of medical universities and colleges so, In Balochistan there is just one Medical College which is Bolan Medical College, probably, it was built in 1972. After the establishment of this medical in 1972, till the day present no one rises courage educationally to establish such other Medical Colleges in province of Balochistan and it is also sort of a financial lame duck and it isn’t running properly due to meagerness in resources. Personally saying, I observed myself that the students of BMC themselves are struggling hard in order to solve the problems of College so it’s very a weird cause that students are themselves trying to mountain the problems of before mentioned College it’s not the duty of students to protest and strike for the problems of College but still I have not seen a good budget from provincial government for College to facilitate and develop to bring new changes about study programs and new technical systems everything is deficit in BMC, who should be taken into consideration to be justifiably accountable for the crisis of BMC our leaders or students or teachers’ staff, and administrators of Collage. Certainly, it’s the marked weakness of administrators because it is the duty of administrators to pressurize the provincial government for their demand because everyone indicates the administrators inasmuch as they are ruling the students so we can say that administrators are accountable for crisis of colleges in the province. Thus, it is an obvious pledge to the authorities concerned to solve the educational problems be it solved seriously by the administrators and provincial government.
In addition to that, given the presence of merely one Medical College in Balochistan, it should be of the view of the provincial and administrative governments to facilitate it with more than required purported labs, scientific apparatuses and all that which are the requisites for a medical college. Furthermore, if we have a short glance at the schedule of Bolan Medical College, consequently, the number of the total seats would be limited to 217, and with the categories on the basis of provincial merit and with zonal seats, basically, its quota system before the enrolment the new students are devoted to the way of the achievement of getting a seat in BMC. Broadly, if we pay a short glance at some deprived districts, namely, Turbat, Awaran, Nushki, Washuk, Khuzdar, Chaghi, Panjgoor, Mastung and Kalat, merely the repercussion would only bear the fact of injustice and lack of educationally fundamental, constitutional and democratic rights of students of the districts mentioned because the candidates of these districts are a whole lot more than the capacity of the college. Shocking is the condition of education in Balochistan whereas Turbat district consists of 9 seats and the candidates are close to 220 and the same unfortunate vista is being shown by other provinces so far Nushki consists of 2 seats and the candidates are more than 100. More to your shock, these nine distracts’ seats are insufficient because the candidates’ number is too much high to achieve with this hardship getting the seats after that they are tired to wait in order to get enrolled and get going with their further higher education.
Thus, it is an obvious pledge to the authorities concerned to solve the educational problems. Above all, be it solved seriously by the administrators and provincial government, because education is what we all need and it is our natural, constitutional and democratic right. Its exclusion from our day-to-day life would mean “we are in a boat without any rower to navigate and lead us toward the harbor!
Writer can be reached: firstname.lastname@example.org
By Shehzad Baloch
When Baloch struggle commenced pragmatically after 2000, then initially so called tribal elites also stood with this to seek their individual interests, but subsequently, those regressive elements started parting their ways, due to revolutionary codes of movement. They didn’t find hierarchic position and pseudo tribal status; consequently, changed their faith oppositely and penetrated in the folds of establishment to secure the parasitic life-span, being superior while remaining within unjustified system. Now such elements are on the side of the establishment and performing like goon.
Moreover, the emergence of filtered Baloch patriots and after more than a decade proficiencies movement got matured. Now intelligentsia of Baloch composed a charter with mean to elucidate Baloch Movement, even ongoing struggling, too. In my opinion, the Baloch should adopt this charter without the raising questions who, when, where, and prepared by whom. This documents is for Baloch and represents Baloch, hence on contents of it the arguments are valid and positive, because critical notions can bring more refines in it.
The struggle process brought improvements in pro-independent politicians. The independence of Balochistan is not enough but state of Baloch also to preserve a glinting system of justice and equality, too where the out-dated tribal system must be discarded. The pro-independent groups must adopt this natural requisition, and then they can move toward success in their objectives, otherwise the future’s Balochistan will be mess and Baloch will be saying “out of the frying Pan, into the fire”.
After studying the charter some points in a corner of mind got existed that these contents should be included or elaborated in this document. The unclear points are as under:
1: Mixed Economy: in the charter it is inscribed that in Balochistan will be mixed economy. Simultaneously, the public, private and collective ownership will be prevailing and in such condition which type ownership will dominate in the state. The nature of economy is not cleared in document.
2: Parliamentary Politics with multi-party system but the state has been mentioned “Peoples democracy”. About the class contraction is ambiguity that which class will rule and class contraction has also not been solved or adjusted.
The people democracy has been mentioned but this type of democracy or system has not defined well.
3: About foreign policy stand-point has not clarified that Baloch state will prefer relations with which type of ideology and system based countries; socialist, Islamic, democratic and so on.
4: Regarding society contractions and solution of these have not been presented in charter. In Balochistan, uneven societies exist; somewhere common Balochs are being exploited by masked religious elements and somewhere mask of tribalism is being used. Without solving these uneven statuses of human, the freed Balochistan will be same as presently Balochs are in countries.
By Zareef Gul Baloch
On February 7, 2014, a resolution was issued by The National Assembly of Pakistan, with the glaring approval of The President Manmoon Hussain the PPO, Pakistan Protection Ordinance which aims to sum up all the peace-terminating elements, as the foes of the country. Furthermore, The PPO document also brings the protection of its masses’ lives into the consideration of the State as the top priority, pragmatically as well. In line with the new Ordinance, “Security of life, property and dignified living of our own people shall be the prime goal for all functionaries of the state”. Moreover, “Writ of the state shall be restored with full might of the law; those to pursue fruit of terror and fear, regardless of nationality, color, creed or religion shall be treated as enemy aliens and dealt with strictly without any compunction” the ordinance stated.
In addition, staggering is the repercussion of the recently issued resolution, consequently, The Defense of Human Rights strongly condemns the recently promulgated Ordinance by Manmoon Hussain firstly, by the moniker of Protection of Pakistan Ordinance on 31st October, 2013, and later on another by the moniker of Protection of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance on 22nd January, 2014. According to a recent Islamabad-based report, ‘The President stamped his approval following advice from the Prime Minister. This is a separate ordinance which promises to bring in new legislation to improve the country’s precarious security situation and strengthen the Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance 2013. Most importantly, the Pakistan Protection Ordinance is all concerned with coming up with the good maintenance of the peace and tranquility in the country and the government’s pledge to increasing security of life itself apparently seems to be an easily-said-than-done kind of a bilateral pledge for a new vista of the birth of peace in the country, inasmuch as since the independence of rather a democratic Pakistan after 14th August 1947, there has been no long-lived stability of peace in the country till the present day.
According to the PPO document, the following are its most substantial clauses:
1. Every possible state instrument and resource will be deployed to defeat and frustrate all or any nefarious attempt to create disorder.
2. The cancer of syndicated crime, in all its forms and manifestations, shall be responded by proportionate use of state force under the law.
3. Separate police stations will be designated for professional and expeditious investigations of specified crime, prosecuted through federal prosecutors.
4. Special Federal Courts shall be designated to render inexpensive justice with promptitude as mandated by Article 37.
5. Joint investigation teams shall be constituted to conduct investigations by security agencies and police in all heinous crimes committed in areas where civil armed forces are invited to aid civil power.
6. Those involved in syndicated crime shall be relocated to other parts of the country for transparency and fair trial.
7. Judicious and effective use of preventive detentions shall be made in cases involving serious crimes by criminal gangs and mafias.
8. Special jails shall be designated to detain hardened criminals and the minimum quantum of punishments is now re-determined at ten years.
9. The state will not allow Afghan immigrants or other foreign nationals to be used for terrorist purposes.
Bad to abysmal, provided the fact that this issued protection ordinance of Pakistan merely aims at bringing positive transformations in the shape of strengthening the security of masses’ lives and specifically, sustaining the peace in whole over the country, still the Human Rights Watch is vehemently criticizing the recently issued Protection of Pakistan Ordinance and it meticulously said that “The law threatens the basic rights and freedoms in violation of Pakistan’s international legal obligations. The proposed law violates fundamental rights to freedom of speech, privacy and peaceful assembly, and due process protections embodied in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which Pakistan ratified in 2010. In its current form, the law could be used to suppress peaceful political opposition and criticism of government policy” said the Human Rights Watch. Moreover, The Institute for social justice declares that “In 2014, the Ordinance 2013 was further amended to include more stringent provisions to deal with acts of terrorism but many of its provisions are against fundamental rights of innocent women, children and foreigners in Pakistan”.
In the introductory section of the document of Pakistan Protection Ordinance it mentions that “The legislation is totally against the provisions of the Constitution of Pakistan and major internationally accepted legal instruments and brutally undermines the fundamental rights of the citizens”. In a broader sense, “The PPO grants extensive arrest and detention powers to security agencies in the context of military- and terrorism- related operations which somehow give the drift of the unfortunate insecurity of the innocent masses’ lives during an operation” mentioned The Global Legal Monitor.
For instance, Let’s take the example of N.A.T.O which is an international organization in the United States that carries out operations on Anti-govt groups. This step is totally understood in terms of eliminating the anti-government parties but, on the other hand, we can’t deny the fact that during military or air force operations many of the innocent people can also fell a victim to many mishaps and demise after any targeted bombardment of N.A.T.O specific crafts.
On the other hand, in order to maintain and sustain peace in the hook and cranny of the State, according to another recent article regarding the Section 3 of the PPO. “It gives complete powers to armed and civil forces to use necessary force to prevent the occurrence of offences which includes destruction of or attack on communication and interaction lines, gird stations, power generating and distributing systems, lines and poles; attacks on flight crew members; destruction of or attack on gas or oil pipelines and liquid or natural gas facilities and other means of their transport including tankers; destruction of or attack on of national defense materials, premises, utilities, and installations including check posts, prisons and other fixtures; crimes against computers including cybercrimes, internet offenses and other offences related to information technology etc wrecking, disrupting or attacking mass transport systems including trains, buses, cars and their stations and ports, etc”.
On the other side of the coin, Balochistan is Pakistan’s most disturbed province in terms of peace and security of life, indeed, internationally Balochistan is known as a sectarian terrorism hotbed and after the killing of Akber Khan Bughti and seeing the State’s atrocities, the emergence of Baloch insurgency for an autonomous and independent state is on the rise. Certainly, given the abnormally dimensional circumstances and the existence of various anti-govt regimes at the current tumultuous juncture of the Province, the military operations are also disproportionately taking place in order to keep peace alive in the province but consequently, many innocent people are also kicking the bucket due to the unforeseen and unpredicted operations in the war-torn and barbarically injured province. Hugh! History is the evidence that during the insurgency of the Bengali separatists, same operations, killing and dumping of the masses’ was a routine military conduct of the State. Ultimately, which led to a free and autonomous Bangladesh as well as the same before-mentioned are taking place constantly in Baluchistan, too. Optimistically, keeping in mind the prime goal of the Pakistan Protection Ordinance which surely is the security of its citizens’ lives, the troops are due to do their level best in order to live up to the obligation of the constitutionally issued ordinance to keep secure the lives of the innocent masses.
As Hamid Mir put it so correctly, “That the state must withdraw the troops from Baluchistan or should stop its barbaric operations, otherwise, Pakistan would give birth to a new and autonomous Bangladesh!
By Mir Behram Baloch
The United Nations General Assembly declared this day to remind governments about their obligation to respect the right of free expression.
However, when we observe Pakistan’s treatment of press freedom we find a bloody scenario, mainly, in Balochistan regarded as a battlefield for journalists.
Currently, Pakistan is being named a front-runner for violence against journalists, where journalists are facing life threats, attacks and extra-judicial murders in extreme cases.
Almost 70 journalists have been killed in the last six years in Pakistan.
Unfortunately, nearly 34 journalists killed were from Balochistan, the most agitated province of Pakistan, where Baloch nationalists are struggling politically and by means of armed struggle for their rights and ownership of natural resources. Right now, the profession of journalism has become a troubling field.
Young journalist Yousaf Ajab Baloch, editor-in-chief of the Balochistan Point, an English language online newspaper in Pakistan, has documented the murder of 33 journalist in his book: A Battle Field for Balochistan.
Regarding press freedom Yousaf in his book writes,
“Balochistan has been transformed into a battlefield for Baloch journalists in order to prevent them from covering unabated human rights violations in the province. The murder of Baloch journalists is an inordinate loss for Balochistan which can never be compensated. It is hard for journalists and activists of civil liberties to practice their responsibilities in Balochistan without any fear.”
On the international silence over crimes in Balochistan, Yousaf says,
“There are no reports about the cold blood murders of Baloch journalists and the silence of mainstream media organizations translates into endorsement of these undemocratic actions. It is surprising as why the international media or the champions of the balanced media in Pakistan have adopted a tacit role on the target killings of Baloch journalists so here the role of international media and journalist organizations becomes objectionable.”
Describing the government’s role, Yousaf states,
“It is obvious the government has failed to protect journalists. The failure of responsible authorities to protect journalists can easily be judged that more than 33 journalists have been target killed but none of the killers have been arrested nor government made any effort to arrest perpetrators.”
Irfan Saeed, the president of Balochistan Union of journalists said, “Now the situation is deterioration day by day, before there would be incidents of assaults on journalists on monthly or quarterly bases, however, now the occurrences take place weekly. We are compelled to continue the series of protests for safety of our fellows.”
Balochistan’s Chief Minister Abdul Malik Baloch vowed on January 19, 2014, to establish a judicial commission to probe the murder of different journalists across the province.
He also promised to provide financial assistance to the families of slain reporters. However, Kazim Mengal , the Reporter to BBC in capital city of Quetta said that many government committees and judicial commissions had been formed to ensure protection of reporters and journalists but no tangible measures were taken.
“The responsible authorities have not been able to make situation in favor of professionals to let them perform their duty smoothly,” said Mengal Rasheed Baloch, Bureau Chief of Vsh News, the first Balochi TV channel, said, “In Balochistan the Baloch journalists are in trouble compared to the other ethnic groups. In the last six years a large number of Baloch journalists have been killed. Not only has the government failed to ensure their safety, but has also failed to provide financial compensation to family victim journalists.”
The Committee to Protect Journalists has described Balochistan as the “epicenter of attacks on Pakistani press,” the far-flung areas of the province remain the lethal regions to report from. The current situation in Balochistan mirrors no existence of press freedom.
The lives of journalists are at risk if they apply journalistic ethics and do balanced reporting of the situation. However, the silence of the international media and media organizations in Pakistan over disappearances of Baloch journalists and their murder becomes objectionable
By Ahmed Khan
A Seminar about Child Heath Care held in Quetta, which was arranged by United Nation official. Where it was informed that 60% death caused by curable diseases but children aren’t being vaccinated to immunize in province. These mortality causing diseases are also communicable; hence other children are at risk in existence of such diseases.
It was informed in every 1,000 live births 111 children die before their fifth birthday whilst 97 of these children die within one year of their birth. Merely 16% of the children in Balochistan are fully immunized and protected against 8 diseases. 52.2% children in Balochistan are chronically malnourished, the official data informs.
It is noteworthy that Balochistan is marginalized regarding Child Health including other sectors of life. The provided details by officials are as under:
Did you know that in Balochistan…?
- In every 1,000 live births 111 children die before their fifth birthday
- 97 of these children die within one year of their birth
- 60% of these deaths are due to communicable and vaccine preventable diseases
- Only 16% of the children in Balochistan are fully immunized and protected against 8 diseases.
- 52.2% children in Balochistan are chronically malnourished
Issues and Challenges
- Infrastructure and operational challenges :
- 39% of Union Councils are without a vaccination centre and LHWs cover only 38% of the population
- 600 additional vaccinators needed to functionalized EPI centres
- One EPI Centre an area of 735 km2 in Balochistan as compared to Punjab where one EPI Centre covers 62 km2
- Governance Challenges : Weak oversight and accountability ,Political Interference and Patronage limit any attempts at reform
- Financial Challenges : Inadequate funding from Federal Government following 7th NFC Awards, improved resources needed in 2015 as programs are to be fully funded by provinces
- Challenges from Community : Low awareness, cultural norms , inappropriate health seeking behaviours ,distances and resources to seek services
Do Vaccines Work?
- Each year, immunization averts an estimated 2-3 million deaths from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and measles globally
- Small pox has been eradicated from the world
- 99% of reduction in number of polio cases- 0 cases in Balochistan
Health Interventions Planned by Health Department of Balochistan
Our aim: A Healthy Balochistan “Sehatmand Balochistan”
- Emergency Plan for Routine Immunization
- Accelerated Action Plan for Polio Eradication
- Measles Campaigns
- Vitamin A Supplementation
- Mother and Child Weeks
- Awareness raising initiative focusing on first 1,000 days of a child’s life
- Every year, immunization prevents an estimated 2-3 million deaths from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles – diseases that disproportionately affect children.
- In 2012, more than 8 out of 10 infants were given three doses of the DTP vaccine, up from 2 out of 10 in 1980.
- Immunization against measles helped prevent nearly 14 million deaths between 2000 and 2012.
- Maternal and neonatal tetanus has been eliminated from 34 out of 59 high-risk countries since 1999 through vaccination.
But more needs to be done:
- Nearly one fifth of infants still do not receive their basic vaccination because of poverty and marginalization.
- Some 70 per cent of these infants live in just 10 countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Uganda and South Africa.
- About 30 per cent of deaths of children under five can be prevented by vaccines. In 2012 alone, 1.5 million children died from diseases preventable by currently recommended vaccines.
· Measles continues to kill about 330 children a day mainly in Africa and Asia.
By Munir Jan Mirwani
Education holds a great significance in the current-day world. Literate people demonstrate awareness to their socio-political economic environment. They, without a doubt, make a positive contribution to the growth, development, and progress of their society and country. Unfortunately, particularly in Balochistan people are unaware of the importance of education.
The education system is driving towards destruction owing to unfair means and other malpractices. Moreover, as according to reports 33 percent of children are out of school and the primary enrollment is also less as par with other provinces. However, Pakistan’s literacy rate is 55 percent which is very low as compared to other neighboring countries. It is a fact that the deteriorating education system of Balochistan is too putting up in low literacy rate in Pakistan. Undoubtedly, on one hand, most of the people here are poor, cannot meet the minimum cost of schooling of their sons and daughter to buy books and stationery. It is, indeed, the poverty of the parents, which prevents them from sending their kids to primary schools. Therefore, parents are constrained to send their minors for earning instead of schooling that is extremely adding up in child labor and illiteracy.
On the other hand, parents who are economically well, get their shavers educated. Hence, these educators are nothing for good; they have degrees but no knowledge, as they often clear the examination by unfair means or by other malpractices. Provided the fact that students in Balochistan have complete liberty in examination hall, even they can listen to songs in exam center, many influential pupils can also get extra time to solve their paper. Examiners often seen relishing refreshments served by education providers or by other mafias during examination period.
It is a fact that the cheating process is practiced from first class to university level. I came across a friend student of pharmacy in Balochistan University. Interestingly, He had materials for cheating in examination. I wonder even students of pharmacy are entail in such malpractices. How can we produce pharmacists? How such students would make medical drugs to combat diseases in the country? However, in compare to other provinces Balochistan is lacking critically and is strapped for the quality education. Whereas in Punjab, KPK, and Sindh students are not allowed to such unfair means. Recent past the KPK government had installed cameras and taken more steps for eradicating cheating trend from the framework of their society. Therefore they are producing productive members in society. Without a doubt, educates of masters in Balochistan are unable to write a letter or an application. Moreover, 60 percent recruits in education sector are illiterate, most of them are appointed on the bases of favoritism and nepotism. They often remain absent; merely take their salaries off at the end of every month.
Hence, given the glaring facts that the Balochistan provincial government has not made any laudable efforts as yet to control this serious issue. So it is a mighty serious pledge to the authorities concerned to take concrete actions to eliminate the menace of unfair means, in order to attain high level of literacy. The government must impart free and quality education among masses, so that more and more literate people can be furnished, as one cannot deny the contribution of literate people in development and progress of the country and society.
“In books a reader finds the wealth and wisdom of the world”
By Shamsher Jamaldani
Different days are commemorated and enjoy significance worldwide, but in my point of view world Book Day is the biggest celebration of its kind, anywhere. Millions and Millions of book venders given out, great free books for kids, excitement everywhere namely, on blogs, in newspaper on TV and in schools, libraries and, of course bookshops and people are coming together including lots of group readers in a big, loud, happy celebration of reading. All this will take place on Aril 23 throughout the world. Apparently, April 23 is a Symbolic date for world literature since April 21, 1616 was the date of death of Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare. It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors such as Macerice Druon, K Laxness, Vladmir Nabokov, Josep pla and Mejia Vallejo.
Initiated in 1995 by UNESCO, this date pays a worldwide tribute to books and their authorities. UNESCO hopes to encourage everyone, particularly young people, to discover the pleasure of reading and to gain a renewed respect for the irreplaceable contributions of those who have furthered the social and cultural progress of humanity. When people have no access to books and information, they are excluded from the world’s wealth and wisdom. People, communicate and organization needs universal and equitable access to information, ideas and works of imagination for their social, educational, cultural, democratic and economic well-being. The importance of books as irreplaceable sources of knowledge, ideas and innovations is universally recognized. In books we find the wealth and wisdom of the world. Similarly, the joys of reading books can’t be described in words. It’s something that you can understand only by actual experience. There is time aimlessly with latest technology products. Reading books makes you virtually feel relaxed and also exercises your brain is the process. But it is regretted that with revolution in technology, book reading his become obsolete and CD, DVD, and internet culture is becoming more and more popular. Even a trend of reading soft copies or e-books of printed books gaining momentum reading habits are changing across the globe, even resources have reduced the popularity of paper versions of newspaper. Technology has weakened the bound between the book and its readers.
Reading is an activity from which everyone gets benefits. It doesn’t matter whether you read fiction or nonfiction. Reading just thirty minutes every day improves vocabulary and helps you develop critical thinking and analytical skills, among a plethora of other benefits. Parents who read to their children not only develop strong emotional ties with them but also allow their children to develop richer children who read at an early age and show high level of creativity and are able to synthesize information and grasp conceptual skills helps them become more effective communicators, which increases their chances of getup into college. Reading requires a great deal of concentration and teaches readers to focus. Readers acquire knowledge about any number of subjects and can better process the information they digest. People with good reading skills also tend to develop good writing skills. They can take that focus and write clearly and effectively. Whereas reading is an excellent way to reduce stress and a healthy means of escapism, whether you read fiction or non-fiction, you will be entertained by learning about the quirks of a historical figure of being able to have a bird’s eye view of a scandalous fictional antihero so reading allows you to exercise your imagination and stimulates the right side of your brain. A book is regarded as person’s best friend and guide. Everybody may deceive you but books will always remain beside during your bad times. Since Ages, books have always been regarded as good companions as both good and bad phases of our lives. Sometimes are laugh or shed leaves with them and sometimes we forget the problems of our lives. Wherever we are little depressed, there are several books that boost us and encourage us and we get to learn from the writings of many great and famous personalities, how to recover from difficult situations.
A famous Chinese proverb says; “A book is like a garden carried in the pocket” though carrying a garden in one’s pocket is impossible, but that is the real thing about books. They are full of beauty; wonders and amazement. They are the storehouse of men’s experience, knowledge and wisdom of ages. Great is the blessing of books and happy is the man who acquires the habit of reading.
By: Aleem Azhar, Turbat
In the inauguration a substantial author’s quotation I am eager to share, i.e. “If poverty comes at the door than love
Creep out from window”. Similarly; another splendid aphorism is there that “money talks”, in this proverb some masses indulge in moony that how does money talk? If we start pensive in bottom of our hearts, we will be opt to know how money talks.
Now let’s come to the point that what the poverty itself is. In twenty first century poverty has become a sin.
However, mostly society or community involve from them unfortunately if someone become the hunter of poverty that all faults start exposing from his dewy rayed. The youngsters are going to the way of frustration by the dint of poverty. On account of they are owner of such kind of retinal if the poverty knocks the door, even kin and kin start leaving, but those guys shouldn’t forget Quran-e-Majeed’s verses that Allah says of his Holy Quran honor or abasement both are in my hands if I give reverence to someone than no one can vagary his respect in humiliation, but it is impossible and it is my plea for all youngsters there is no single word in history that no any nation got prosperity without education. Moreover, those parents who married their children in compensation of chunk of amount. Actually they wanted to save to married their girl in low income family weather he is going the way of a fantastic future or he is eager about his nation. But they married their daughters to tycoons just for money. Surely they should bring in their mind in this famous Balochi proverb “Hr mabo sumb ha machar aoshter bobo door bechar”. All those who are the guardian of their family members should know about that outstanding saying “education is better than your parents your parents bring you from sky and education is more enough able to touch sky”.
Eventually; those parents became of repentance just they think solely for money but their time remorse will not come in their work. Because “which is done cannot be undone”, therefore; I request to all reverence parents to think for ever life in their daughter not just for a moment. Because every cursory work will give detriment.
By Agha Jahanzaib Baloch
When I picked my pen to write about the king of Ghazal singers, the great Jagjhit Singh, I felt that time is running out and there is so much more till to be done. But the love towards Jagjhit Singh compelled me to do more that’s enough such mingled feelings which were fabricated through my mind. Today when the king of ghazal is no more, but his sung songs remind of his greatness’ remember when I heard the soulful song from his album Sajda with lata Mangeskhar, came to my mind, that “Jakar jahan say koi wapas haheen hia allah, wo kaunsi jagha ha Alla janta hai, Qismat ma kiya hai, Allah janta hai”.
The great Jaghit made a permanent place in our heart his sizzling voice gives a wondering fragrance in our life. He was a master that could bring out the romance in his Ghazals the one that I loved “Apney Haatho ki Lakeero se” no wonder the world seems like much colder without the king of Ghazal that he is left his well-wishers so abruptly. Lyrist and director Ghulzar once said that Jaghit’s vacuum can’t be filled till decades, because he had truly devoted his voice to Ghazal singing. It is very difficult to define the loss, Jaghit was not only a singer but he was also a complete philosopher.
The man who transcended the barrier of geography through his melodious voice he was one of those who also sang glorification (Naats) in the prestige of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) which became famous throughout the Muslim world and the number of lovers increased. He was one who transcended the concept of discrimination that voice is the biggest power to eradicate hatred in the universe one can say that Jaghit made Ghazal accessible to the common man. He was an inventor by bringing western instrument like the guitar into Ghazal; Singh made the common man’s drawing room a court (Durbar) by bringing his beloved Ghazals on the silver screen and aristocratic Mehfils in to the warmth of the middle class home. Jaghit acknowledged Mehdi to be his inspiration. He was truly the pioneer because he broadened the base for Ghazal as I thought Ghazal was a boring aspect of music but it was Jaghit that turned our love towards Ghazal rather than pop music. I would not go as far to say that Ghazal loses its modern pioneer no singer has been able to render Ghazal in the melodious mood as he did. No wonder he has left us with sorrows but he remains immortal in our hearts through his magical voice.
By Prince Baloch, Kharan
An iconic, revolutionary, legendary and great national hero, who sacrificed his all life for the betterment and prosperity of Baloch nation; was Yousaf Aziz Ali Khan Magsi. The great Yousaf Aziz Magsi not only brought political discrimination in Balochistan, but also made aware the people of Subcontinent about worsen situation. Further, this monumental celebrity was born in 1908 in Jhal Magsi. His father’s name was Kaiser Ali Khan Magsi and he was duke of Magsi tribe. Moreover, Yousaf Aziz completed his initially education in his native city. He was good at Arabi and Persian; he learnt Arabic and Persian languages from Molana Ghulam Qadir. For further education, he went to Lahore. And, he learnt English language from a Hindu teacher whose name was Kannia Lala.
Identity and honour of Baloch nation was overpowered and disdained by barbaric British rulers. And, nobody could lift up voice against brutality in Balochistan. Even, it was considered a cardinal sin at that time and those who chanted slogans against invaders were badly treated and third degree treatment was applied upon infallible Baloch individuals. In spite of barbarity and chaos in Balochistan, Yousaf Aziz Magsi stood up and burdened representation upon his fable shoulders. And, he could not undergo constant outrage on Baloch nation in any term. So, he penned an article on atrocity and wickedness of curl, British usurpers in Balochistan. Yousaf Aziz Magsi published the article “Faryaad-e-Balochistan” in weekly magazine “Hamdard” from Lahore in 1929. And, that article surprised and jolted minds of usurpers English people and subversive Baloch Sardars. On the other hand, that article totally altered the existence of under-privileged Baloch people. And, that article surprised and impressed people of Subcontinent as well. Faryaad-e-Balochistan germinated seed of turmoil and disturbance among British rulers in Balochistan and Hindustan. Then, British government banned on any Newspaper in Balochistan. And, they issued arrest warrant of Yousaf Aziz Magsi.
After a year back, when Magsi was coming to Quetta from Lahore by train, and then savage Prime Minister “Sir Shamsh Shah” apprehended competent and manly Baloch hero “Yousaf Aziz Ali Khan Magsi” in 1930. Furthermore, he was put in jail of Mastung. But, dark room and suffocating surrounding of jail could not undercut the pure and towering point of his life. And, he tolerated any sort of torture. On the other hand, a bold figure, who was too curious to meet Magsi, met him in prison whose name was Mir Abdul-Aziz Kurd. In addition, Mir Abdul-Aziz Kurd had deep affection in his heart for Baloch nation. He met Yousaf Aziz Magsi in jail, and made promise that he would provide him every information and books to study. And, father of Mir. Abdul Aziz Kurd was jailer of the jail where Yousaf Aziz Magsi was imprisoned, so Mir Kurd could meet and assist him any time. In 1930, Yousaf Aziz Magsi was released after paying bail money. Yousaf Aziz Magsi, Mir. Abdul Aziz Kurd with revolutionary companions formed an organization that showed a way to new life for people of Balochistan. And, that was entitled “Anyuma-e-Itthida Balochaan”, the main purpose of forming that organization was to protect helpless Baloch nation. So, Yousaf Aziz Magsi was selected as first president and Mir. Abdul Aziz Kurd was selected as general secretary of Anyuma-e-Itthida Balochaan. Nawab Magsi struggled inexhaustibly to eradicate roots of usurpers from Balochistan. And, his interminable works and insatiable love, for Baloch nation, assembled all Baloch Nation in one single row. So, Nawab Magsi exterminated guilty intention of un-bridled British and disloyal Sardars from pure land of Balochistan. Furthermore, Yousaf Aziz Magsi germinated seed of political discrimination in mind of Baloch individuals.
Similarly, Yousaf Aziz Magsi organized the first “ALL INDIA BALOCH CONFERENCE” in Jacobabad (Balochistan) in 1932. After a year, it means in 1933 the second “ALL INDIA BALOCH CONFERENCE” was arranged in Hyderabad (Sindh) in which people joined hugely. Even, individuals from Delhi (New Delhi), Turkmenistan, and Central Asia came and joined in historical conference of Hyderabad. On the other hand, Nawab Yousaf Aziz Magsi had deep and close relation with Khan-e-Kalat, Mir. Ahmed-Yar-Khan. And, Khan-e-Kalat was also sick off atrocious and alien rulers in Balochistan. So, Mir Ahmed Yar Khan sent Nawab Magsi to United Kingdom in 1934 to negotiate with British stakeholders, so that he would succeed in his mission to liberate Balochistan from the hands of brute usurpers. So, Nawab Yousaf Aziz Magsi over and over again knocked doors of British parliament to negotiate with them, but no one was on the same page to listen to him. And, Nawab Magsi spent nine months in United Kingdom. In the last long, he came back in Balochistan in 1935. Nawab Yousaf Aziz Magsi had jolly monumental, pure, and caring determination for Baloch nation. But, Almighty Allah wanted something else. So, it was night of 30th May 1935 that a formidable earthquake exhaustively devastated the designed city (Shaal) of Lala Hatu-ram. And, that dreadful and hair raising earth jolt, within 30 seconds, caused the death of fifty thousand people (50000), and several were severely wounded. But, the most poignant fact is that the earthquake orphaned Baloch nation from a great caring and affectionate leader. Next morning, the Sun rose with gloomy and mourning environment in Balochistan. And, sudden death of Nawab Magsi made people of Balochistan and Subcontinent dejected and plaintive. Seeing such worse and upset circumstances, even the death might have felt shame. And, the great hero of Baloch nation, buried in Kasi Graveyard in Shaal Quetta.
To finalize, the great hero, Yousaf Aziz Magsi, sacrificed his all lifetime for the sake of bringing prosperity and liberty in Balochistan. And, Yousaf Aziz Magsi being a duke, he contemplated himself an enslaved being. So, his deep affection for a huge alternation in Balochistan made him a legend. And, his indelible works are always green in memories of Baloch people. Therefore, he deserves red tribute!
It is a fact that the main and biggest crisis today which is almost being faced by every country is corruption. I believe that no law, no check and balance, and poverty are the main causes of corruption.
No law: It is a fact that there is no law in most of the countries. Surely, in several countries even criminals are breaking the law, stealing the things and even killing the poor people in front of the police but are not being apprehended by the police since police itself are involved in these all outlaw activities.
No check and balance: There is any check balance almost in every country. And every people from every country have personal weapons with them and whatever they want to do they can do since police will not arrest them because they always pay money to the police officers and that’s why they won’t be asked by anyone.
Poverty: It has been proved without doubting that more than half of the residents of every country are jobless and even they don’t have three times food to eat, so if this is the condition then of course, they will be compelled and constrained to do corruption.
Finally, I just as a civilian request the government of every country that if they really want to develop then they must arrest all the craft officers of the country and Government must fulfill all the demands of public.
Bahram Sayad, Turbat
By Akram Baloch
Now-a-days Balochis-tan has been the limelight issue of world powers. It is suffering from the worst days of its history.
I would like to bring to your knowledge that apparently Baloch is one of the bravest Nations in Asia. Due to support the needy, helpless and downtrodden people the kingdom of Balochistan had steered its political and social development out of its harm’s way, but now their state is no more.
Although the Baloch maintained a high degree of autonomy until the post-colonial era, they have in recent decades faced increasing encapsulation in the states among which they divide Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. They now find themselves facing situations similar to those comforting other tribal peoples in the division among states and the Marginal position they occupy within those states, ethnicity and nationalism often assume great significance. It is Ironic to say that with demography being of the most powerful forces in politics, the Baloch nationalists claim that Pakistan and Iranian authorities have deliberately underestimated their population there is a great discrepancy between the nationalist estimates and official census of Baloch population.
The big concern is that they are being diluted and their national identity is in danger!
With the passage of time they will be no more recognized as a nation. Despite their injustice even today Baloch are living as refugees in Afghanistan. In Iran the Balochs are openly hanged on roads and squares. Where eastern Balochistan is in cross road since Balochistan was merged with Pakistan. It has a broken infrastructure and undeveloped literacy rate which is due to suspected racial profiling and discrimination Balochs have no permission to aggressed into politics nationally. Recently federal government designated B.S.O as a terrorist organization has been followed by collective back-slapping between government and establishment. This is odd, given that the move is largely symbolic and will have little, if any, tangible effects on the Baloch nation.
The very first of all the narration are regarded with the contemporary unrest scenario prevailing in their countries, where violation of human rights, denial to the basic needs of a common men are chafed and constantly senseless Baloch is cheered up with an eyewash. Hence it is the need if the hour that the whole world should seek in a political cataclysm to solve Baloch burning Issue. Especially we appeal to U.N, O.I.C and Europe Union to come up with concrete, comprehensive, predictable and time bound plans and roadmaps to solve the long standing nightmare of Baloch.
By: Muslim Shafi
All of us have surely overheard or heard the cliché and well quoted line that “things are never perfect in education”, but quest and curiosity are two phenomenal weapons which can wide open the door of beautification that sum up our learning process. On the contrary, there is another well-famous buzz word that “perfection is not reachable, but, if, we chase perfection! Then, surely we can catch excellence”. In addition to the lines it is very much obvious that education postulates to be chased or educatees are supposed to travel along the books and others sources of learning as the sun follows the solar system each day without the approval of living substances!
Every day we get in touch with negotiations, such as, friends discussing that some folks or students are God gifted or they work like the devil to reach their destination! But have my comrades ever thought about that they have a well-arranged timing with crystal clear strategic methods?
Well, the answer is no!
As the line follows;
They do, we discuss,
We waste, they save,
They write, we ride,
We gossip, they read,
They decide, we intend, and etc.
However, it is a prolong topic to be discussed within all numbers of it! And Insha’Allah will be kept the table of our future writings.
In my previous shorthand I clarified the commonly confusable words and their appropriate terminologies, and in this section writing a few other Basic English grammar words under discussion, which for my money would boost up our initial learning concerning English language or grammar and no mistake these are the best ones for new comers in the world of this English format where English is thought to be the iconic, scientific, literary and more importantly the language of jobism!!!!
As being a schoolboy of English language I had umpteen miseries that how to ameliorate my spelling power and the comprehension of mainstream language of English, one day got back to consult the World Wide Web and I nosed around “what is an alphabet? This took me calm down! After poring over the quick facts about alphabet, I was undergrounded in shock that I was the exemplary of frog! who in the well thinks that I am in an utopia….Anyhow, that search provided a platform to get going with English, even though, mess with it!
Furthermore, let’s “tumain bee lay doobain ………
Script: A style of writing or a formation of letters in which a Language is written.
And examples are ABC I mean easy;
A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H to Z.
I have seen or met people saying that I am texting my friends in Balochi English, well, that does not make any sense at all, actually one means to say that he or she is writing “Balochi” in Roman script, as given examples below clarifies;
Tho kuja a?
Tai name k?
Mana pa tho zaheerkan! Etc.
In the above sentences the language is Balochi, but the script is Roman. Or, if, we write in Urdu, so, the examples are;
App ka name kya hai?
Wo hamsha muskarati hai.
Zindgi ek soda hai. Etc.
Now surely you understood that in these above sentences the Language is Urdu, but the script is Roman.
English language itself does not have any script, it also written in Roman script. And now for my money there is need to give examples of it. About 100 languages rely on the Roman alphabet. Used by roughly two billion people, it’s the world’s most popular script. As David Sacks notes in Letter Perfect (2004)
Alphabet; a set characters representing sounds or symbols representing sounds with each letter itself having no meaning.
e.g. a.b.c.d.e.f.g.h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. u. v. w. x.y.z
Origin of the word alphabet:
The English word alphabet comes to us, by way of Latin, from the names of the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta. These Greek words were in turn derived from the original Semitic names for the symbols: aleph (“ox”) and beth (“house”).
Letters and alphabet are thought to be same, but some linguistic and a plateful people differentiate between them, as they say a, e, i, o, u are letters and while A to Z are alphabet. Means each letter alone is a letter and all of the other letters are called alphabet.
Sentence that contains all 26 letters of the alphabet: a sentence that uses all letters would be called a Pangram.
And the famous example is “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.” And Pangrams are many in number go online and check for those ones.
Text that deliberately excludes a particular letter of the alphabet:
That is a lipogram. The best known example in English is Ernest Vincent Wright’s novel; Champion of Youth (1939)—a story of more than 50,000 words in which the letter ”E” never appears.
A letter, symbol, or sign used to represent a word or phrase.
E.g. & % @ £. I & you. 100% etc.
Digraph: Two letters representing one sound.
E.g. ch, gh, ph, sh, th, ea, ei, ie and ps etc. Or Chalk, ship, and rough in these words digraphs are underlined and digraphs can be double vowels.
Diphthong: Two vowels sound in a word or two vowels, when combine to make a certain sound and not necessarily the sound of either vowel present.
E.g. Weed Seed, meat, and hood etc.
Consonant Cluster: Combination of two more consonants, but all of them being read or pronounced, or, simply a consonant cluster in a word is a group of consonants with no vowels between them.
E.g. cl, pl, gl, ft and fl etc. Fly, class, and glass, in these words consonant clusters are underlined.
This is it for this section of writing and hopes that the above mentioned grammatical terms or words would help my supple hearted friends and gladden readers. And if, you have any doubt or confusion reach me at the below given address.
Tolerance is defined as an attitude of mind which means putting up with other people irrespective of racial, political, psychological and religious differences. It should be clear, when you enter the college or university. In educational field then tolerance plays a great role in you. Tolerance will make you able enough to control yourself and when you face the circumstances and you can deal them in a great and well-behaved away.
Tolerance is the basic principle, truth or rule of education.
Simply, here our main purpose is the patience. Education means to tolerate the difficulties which you face in educational fields.
Actually, in educational fields we mostly create hatred, jealousy and become discriminated that we are not valued, not respected. These all things take place in educational fields, but we have to tolerate these because these are the basic parts of education and we have to face them in every aspect of life.
In schools, colleges, or universities there are such stupid students whose thoughts, concepts, ideas, and actions are like uneducated and ignorant people who are the victim of racism, classism, color, sects, religions, nations and simply egoist who makes others in trouble, discrimination and treats them like animals, but we need to have patience and tolerate these, because tolerance, sympathy, art and culture can achieve universal brotherhood.
It should be clear that tolerance makes the students control themselves and teach the students that how to become great and well-behaved students.
In conclusion, I want to clear one thing that, don’t be so tolerate to tolerate the intolerance. So, apart from this I put a suggestion that in every educational institution an ethical class should be there, because when students are in the know, so they will tolerate these things and avoid fighting, abusing each other’s making fun of each other’s and also shun treating others as animals.
Essa Qazi, Turbat, Email: email@example.com
By Saleem dad, Turbat
It is commonly believed that students are the back bone and opinion makers of a nation and a society, perhaps the responsibility of students cannot be measured by a common instrument as the role of a student is as high as the sky and as deep as lowest ebb of an ocean. Students mean to learn and have a thirst for knowledge and information honestly. No room left to doubt that the first and foremost duty of the students is to read and burn the midnight oil to gain knowledge for the betterment of their future. A student cannot be a neophyte without reading because learning is the nutrition for mind. Reading habit lights the path of development and enables a student to differentiate between right and wrong.
The first purpose of a student should not only be reliant on reading and learning to acquire the education in the real sense with full zeal and zest but also to create an healthy culture of reading in the society. Furthermore, to have curiosity for knowledge, this helps polishing the mind. Due to studious students, a society or a nation can move towards development and advancement. Without education it is not possible for a student to progress towards a bright future. Obviously, reading is the source to bring changes in one’s life. If, students do not fulfill their responsibilities such as reading and learning, helping classmates, solving educational problems, respecting teachers and elders, create reading environment and so forth. Without maintaining above points, our surrounding won’t grow towards prosperity. It is needless to say that students must read dawn to dusk for their bright future and they need to be in touch with books, magazines and newspapers to enhance their intellectual growth.
Fulfilling learning responsibilities unlocks the golden doors towards the targeted destination. Students should apply new learning methodology to invest their time effectively to store knowledge in their minds. The essential factor is to know your strengths, weakness, aim and interest in order not to be driven easily. Reading plays a paramount role to nourish our mental growth. For a student, sharing opinions and speaking up to the other students and teachers help a student to improve sense of confidence and competence. Reading habit is one of the major responsibilities of every learner and nutrition for our mind.
Students are assets to the nation to generate ideas to apply in the various and sundry factors to gain the prosperity. The skillful and talented students produce knowledge to motivate young students who are dissatisfied to read due to failure in reading career. So, it is suggested that students not only need to read general and good books, along with their course books but also inculcate reading habit in themselves and others to create a healthy environment for reading.
Pakistan needs to improve its digital eco-system for sustained economic growth. WEF Global Information Technology Report 2014
New York, USA – 23 April 2014 – Pakistan ensures technology affordability to businesses and individual consumers, announced by the Global Information Technology Report 2014 of the World Economic Forum (WEF).
At the rank of 111 among 148 countries, Pakistan’s performance has been relatively stable on the Network Readiness Index 2014 of the World Economic Forum (WEF), Pakistan lost 6 ranks as compared to 2013.
Pakistan showed slight improvement on the Business and Innovation Environment pillar by improving by ranking at 101 as compared to 102 last year. Also on the readiness subindex it improves from 21 in 2013 to 19 this year. The efficiency of legal system in settling disputes has risen from 109 last year to 112 in 2014. Similarly the efficiency of legal system has also deteriorated from 97 to 108 in 2013 and 2014 respectively.
“One of the key findings of the report is that Pakistan cannot only rely on ICT infrastructure development to become competitive. Rather, the benefits of ICT can only be fully derived when a country implements a holistic strategy aimed at creating conditions for skills, innovation and entrepreneurship to flourish alongside modern infrastructure” said Amir Jahangir, Chief Executive Officer of Mishal Pakistan, a country partner institute of the World Economic Forum.
“One of the primary concerns for Pakistan is the lack of data protection laws, this can have medium to long-term impact on the development of a knowledge-based industry fostering innovation and entrepreneurship, a potential Pakistan needs to capitalize due to its demographic potential”, Jahangir further added.
The Report showed concerns on Pakistan’s human capital development on the skills pillar to improve performance on the network readiness index as the quality of the education system has gone bad to worst 75 (2013) to 84 this year. An alarming deterioration in the performance in math and science education has also been pointed out where Pakistan stands at 104 now from the ranking of 88 in 2013. The report showed serious efforts required by both the public and private sector on the extent of staff training where it has lost 16 points and the country stands at an alarming 128 rank.
Pakistan has shown improvements in the business and innovation environment pillar, where availability of latest technologies has improved from 83 (2013) to 79 (2014), however, lack of venture capital has dropped 22 points and ranks at 77 this year. Pakistan is also losing its regional competitiveness advantage on doing business indicators, where No. of days to start a business ranks at 98 and the No. of procedures to start a business at 119 now.
The report highlighting the affordability of technology ranks Pakistan as the 10th most affordable cellular serviced country, where as Liberia tops this list with Sri Lanka at 4th, Bangladesh at 5th and India being on 7th globally. Pakistan ranks at No. 1 on the Internet and telephony competition globally. On monthly subscription charges for fixed (wired) broadband Internet service (PPP $), Pakistan stands on 62 as compared to Sri Lank being the most affordable (among 148 countries), Bangladesh being at 3rd and India at 4th in the region.
On the businesses usage of technology Pakistan has improved its indicators, where business-to-business usage of Internet has improved from 116 to 104 this year, similarly the business to consumer usage has also gained improvement by securing the position of 103 from 112 last year.
On the government usage of technology Pakistan showed some depressive performance as importance of ICT to government’s vision has gone from 117 in 2013 to 128 in 2014. Similarly, the government in promoting the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) Pakistan was also weak as this year it ranked at 91 from 77 in 2013.
Little progress is being made in bridging the digital divide between technology savvy nations and others, according to the 13th edition of the Global Information Technology Report 2014. The stalling of progress is worrisome for emerging and developing nations, which are at risk of missing out on many positive impacts information and communications technologies (ICT) bring, including increased innovation, economic competitiveness and greater social inclusion.
In the South Asian region, Pakistan was outperformed by Sri Lank at 76, India 83, Bhutan 94, Iran 104, whereas Pakistan was ahead of Bangladesh at 119 and Nepal 123.
Lower down the Index, many large emerging economies continue to struggle to realize their full digital potential. China (62nd), Brazil (69th) and Mexico (79th) and India (83rd) all drop in the rankings. However, countries that have developed a strong vision to develop their ICT capacity do well, such as the United Arab Emirates (24th), Kazakhstan (38th) or Panama (43rd), which all improved.
With this year’s coverage extending to a record 148 economies, the Global Information Technology Report (GITR) report remains one of the most comprehensive and authoritative assessments of the impact of ICT on competitiveness of nations and the well-being of their citizens.
To measure this, the NRI assesses the preparedness of an economy to fully leverage ICT in terms of:
1. ICT infrastructure cost of access and the presence of the necessary skills to ensure an optimal use Published under the theme, “Rewards and Risks of Big Data”, the report’s Networked Readiness Index (NRI) measures the capacity of 148 economies to leverage ICT for growth and well-being. It finds consistency at the top end of the rankings this year, with Finland (1st), Singapore (2nd), Sweden (3rd), the Netherlands (4th), Norway (5th) and Switzerland (6th) all retaining their positions from last year. The United States (7th) continues its upward trajectory, while Hong Kong SAR (8th) and the Republic of Korea (10th) both climb. The United Kingdom (9th) is the only nation in the top 10 to fall.
2. Uptake and use of ICT among governments, business and individuals
3. Business and innovation environment, and the political and regulatory framework
4. Economic and social impacts accruing from ICT
“Over time, the GITR series has become one of the most respected studies of its kind. It is used extensively by policymakers and relevant stakeholders as a unique tool to identify strengths and weaknesses and to define and build national strategies for developing and better leveraging their digital potential,” said Soumitra Dutta, Anne and Elmer Lindseth Dean at the Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management at Cornell University and co-editor of the report.
“In addition to the persistent digital divide across countries, governments should also be wary of understanding, identifying and addressing potential internal digital divides so that new opportunities can be created for all and support enhanced social inclusion,” said Beñat Bilbao-Osorio, senior economist at the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness and Benchmarking Network and co-editor of the report.
In this sense, “digital strategies should not focus only on developing the ICT infrastructure, but also in creating the right conditions for an effective use of ICT to boost innovation, competitiveness and higher social inclusion,” said Bruno Lanvin, executive director of INSEAD’s European Competitiveness Initiative (IECI), and of Global Indices projects at INSEAD.
“Nations and organizations need to understand where they stand in terms of a Big Data maturity, assess their progress, and determine what they need to do to extract greater business and organizational benefits from the vast volume of data,” said Bahjat El-Darwiche, partner, Strategy& (formely Booz & Company) and sponsor of the report.
“The Internet of Everything and big data applications are ushering in the next wave of technology innovation,” according to Dr Robert Pepper, vice president of Global Technology Policy at Cisco. “Big data requires big judgment, and the right policies are needed so that the Internet of Everything can deliver on its promise of immense economic and social benefits.”
The Global Information Technology Report is the result of a long-standing partnership between the World Economic Forum and INSEAD, and, since last year, with the Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management at Cornell University. The soft-data on Pakistan for the Global Information Technology Report is generated by Mishal Pakistan through the annual Executive Opinion Survey.
The NRI uses a combination of data from publicly available sources and the results of the Executive Opinion Survey, a comprehensive annual survey conducted by the Forum in collaboration with Partner institutes, a network of over 160 leading research institutes and business organizations. This survey of more than 15,000 executives provides insight into areas critical for networked readiness.
By Aman Peer Jan,Turbat
Ours is a fast developing globe, without doubt the secret of the current huge swift progression of our world is all owing to the mesmerizing magic of the presence of education of all sorts and fields as Education is the need of every human being. Education is the key towards success. Without education we are like animals. Due to education we know about the world, humanity and the importance of the beautiful globe, stars, planets, galaxies and many more shocking discoveries of science as a result of their painstaking measures by the dint of education.
On the other hand, Staggering is the naked fact that Balochistan, the largest and well off province in Pakistan, Unfortunately, lies behind than the other province owing to the low quality and inadequacy of provision of education. If every male and female of our province becomes educated, our nation will be the strongest nation in the world. In Balochistan there is not quality education for the students to get. If there are institutions then there are no qualified as well as sophisticated teachers in some places of Balochistan, esp. the paradoxically tribal and rural areas are strapped for its attainment.
Schools lack proper infrastructure and students are setting in the lawn of their schools and getting education and the text books of Balochistan are of old trend while modern text books are well modified and can easily be understood by the students.
Now-a-days there is cheating; education has been destroyed due to cheating. This cheating has affected our educational system, acutely that we don’t even want to gain knowledge. Day by day this Nation is being lazy. Furthermore, why youth are the victims of addictions like Tobacco smoking which gives birth to the repurcussion as death, lung cancer, and hypertension?
Because of lack of education and lack of jobs that compel them to use tobacco for getting mental relaxation. In Balochistan there are 20% people who are educated, but they are unemployed. They are very poor; due to their poor financial status quo they cannot opt for higher studies. There are no good libraries and educational institutes. Moreover, Balochistan which is the neglected province of Pakistan faces several major problems concerning education. Apart from this government does not want Baloch should develop. According to a great philosopher, if, someone wants to destroy an entire Nation, so never demolish by weapons, but keep that Nation uneducated; it will get ruined. The same technique is being applied in Balochistan. At last, government should construct good schools, should take steps to eliminate the glaring cheating trend, and the ones who don’t have jobs, they should be given jobs.
By: Abdul Waheed Mohammad
Education-wise, our society is suffering from atrocious conditions of illiteracy. Anticipations are being made for its deadline.
Like-wise, education has come to existence with untold momentousness having a big hand in modern sciences, victorious professions, autonomous careers & heart-taking openings. The one who had got shelter under the shadow of this hand, no hurdles on this earth can be superior to that. Since, education is one momentous need for Human beings but is way out in this very fast-running era among the populace. It’s no wonder that there must be some rationality behind the dearth of education or some obstacles which have obstructed the way of youth or kept them away from its approach. Among those hurdles, a social network, i.e. FACEBOOK is one the most unspeakable and time-wasting platforms. In reality, every bit of the things has their own merits and demerits but when it comes to the social network Facebook, it seems to me to be disadvantageous as well having more demerits than merits.
Primitively, Facebook was devised for idiosyncratic company work-purposes but later on it spread gradually from one to two, two to three, three to four and eventually the result is infront of us. Soon after its invention, it evolved so much that today Facebook has more than 900 million users worldwide. Initially, it was just a single university web-page created by one of the students named ‘MARK ZUCKBERG’ which was accessible among the institute teachers and students. By the passage of time it spread to other European countries and further they encompassed novel features i.e. Image-audio-video uploading and all that. There’s no gainsaying the fact that many people due to the presence of multimedia system as well as it’s immense and ostensive attraction have showed their wholeheartedness in it. In fact, Facebook is utterly an addiction. There are numerous addictions in actuality. Like-wise, they include marijuana, cocaine and heroin. People take certain addictions daily for getting relief.
Needless to say, Facebook is also one of such addictions. Once you get indulged and habitual of doing that then it’ll shape as a deleterious disease. Moreover, it is one cause for wastage of precious time where it shortens the huge span of time while having the Facebook page opened. A no end of time is futilely wasted in commenting, liking, sharing, posting and chatting.
Instead of doing all those unproductive activities, one can purify this much time by making it utile and investing the identical valuable time in Islamic, educational and knowledgeable studies.
Bar of that, the new features like, audio, video, image uploading, they are a magnet for users, every day, before catching some Z’s and after waking up, the men on clap ham-omnibus take it as a mission trying to make up their mind what to upload so we can be popular, liked, shared & commented. Whenever, they get a little spare time they recommend using Facebook. That’s the glaring reality.Now-a-days, Facebook is being used wrongly, many fake ID’s are created which are being used for different purposes. Some use them for disturbing others, some even use them for chatting with girls. Needless to say but some are being used for ‘Adult Content’.
In addition to that, Facebook though being a social network, is also being used to blackmail or harass other people, for instance, Some months ago, there was a kidnapping in Karachi of a 15 year old boy. After the successful capture of the abductors it was known that the kidnappers had been the hostage’s own friend through Facebook after taking in remand it was explained that they had been doing this work for many years via Facebook. They had trapped tycoon’s sons in terms of Love & have told them to meet somewhere, when they had come, they had kidnapped them. All was told by a Beautiful lady.
Bring it to imagination, if kidnappings befell via social networking like Facebook then why we are so addicted to it. Numerous Facebook addicted couples often have conflicts & argy-bargies. Soon it leads to divorce files. According to a recent study, around a third of divorce filing in recent years contained the word “Facebook”.
The rest Facebook activities are taken as evidence for further divorce processes
Hammal, Roshna and Mehnaz, Tubat
It is stated that poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings means when the mind of an individual would be full of thoughts, then its overflow and takes the shape of poetry is called poetry. The poets are the great lover of nature and beauty. Atta Shad, who is considered the prominent poet of Balochi language, was born on 1939 in Singanisar, Turbat, in Balochistan. His real name was Muhammad Isaq. The fathers of Atta, Lal Khan, send him to Government High School Turbat for fundamental education. In addition, he passed matriculation in Panjur and went for higher education at Quetta. From the Degree College Quetta, he did his F.A and also B.A from the same College.
After completing the education, he started gaining high posts in Government of Balochistan. He served as the director of art council Balochistan, also employed in Radio Pakistan.
Consequently, Atta Shad started composing poetry at first in Urdu, at the age of twelve. With the passage of time he got expert composing poetry and gained a high privilege in Urdu literature. “Barfag” and “Sangaf” are the poetry books of Muhammad Isaq. According to Professor Mujtaba he was the poet of new thoughts.
Further, Atta felt the deprivation of his native language and it made him anxious to take his own language for composing poetry. In reality, the composing poetry of Atta Shad in Balochi language brought new thoughts, innovative ideas and newer concept which are new to the poet of Baloch. Anyhow, he brought a new change in world of Balochi poetry. It is written in the book of Karim Dashti ‘’ Dil Zereth Bolan ‘’ that this is the era of Atta Shad’s composing poetry and no one is allowed to compose poetry. Means, he is giving a high value to Atta.As it is stated by Ghafoor Shad, a lecturer of Balochi in University of Turbat that Atta Shad is not the name of poet but a name complete era or Elysium of poetry.
Moreover, last year a program was held at Delta Center Turbat where Ghani Parvaz, a writer, poet, playwright, analysis and a translator, he uttered every nation has their own well-known poets. Like, Shakespeare, John Keats and a lot of more. But, for me, Atta Shad is far better than those poets. Because, he was the poet of new dialogue.
It is a fact that he has written two books of poetry ‘’ Shap Sahar Andhem and “Rochghir”. It has written in the forefront of Shap Sahar Andhem that I started poetry in Urdu and my teachers supported me a lot. My friends try to dishearten me, but i was not .My supporters are, Meer Esha Qumi, Abdul Baqi, Master Khorshid and Waja Sarwath Hussain. My first verses of poetry published in Karachi with the help of Waja Azad Jamaladini .Glance my first two lines of poetry.
Dunya hama dunya inth man hama sheda ho
E derege dewanag marche tu ghushe saar inth.
In this regard, he is the poet forever. He met his maker in 13th February 1997 at Quetta and buried at Quetta. His contribution to Balochi literature would be remembered forever. Atta Shad left two daughters and one son in this May his soul rest in peace.
By: Shahbaz Chakar Baloch
Translated By: Yasmeen Sana Baloch
Advocate Muhammad Hayat Baloch was born on 02-03-1937 in the house of Molla Dad in Chitkan Panjgoor.
In those days, Panjgoor was a Tehsil of The Makuran State. He got his primary education from his own town. In 1954, he cleared his Matriculation with a good position from Government High School Chitkan, Panjgoor under the curriculum of Punjab Board of examinations.
He got the first position in overall Makran State and the Second in The State Union of Balochistan and on the other hand, at present he is a law-graduate. During Service, when one unit broke and the province of Balochistan came into existence in 1971-72 during NAP’s government he was appointed as the private secretary of the senior provincial minister, Meer Gul Khan Naseer. Later on as a collector,
He offered services in Baagh, Lehri, Usta Muhammad, Khuzdar and Mastung. He also offered his services in the board of Revenue Balochistan, Quetta as well as on service; He spent a long period of time in Kalat.
In 1985, He got retirement from governmental services. It is also a very striking facet of his horizons that He was very inspired by Meer Ghous Baksh Bezanjo’s politics and leadership. Though, he decided to join hands with him and then he joined his party, PNP. Until, 1988 he was the member of the central Committee and so as the District president of Panjgoor.
In the general elections of 1988, PNP decided to take part in the provincial level elections. Party ticket for Panjgoor’s provincial assembly seat was given to him. In these elections Meer Bezanjo himself was a candidate of the National assembly seat from Turbat. Unexpectedly, Meer Bezanjo along with his all candidates lost these elections or according to them it was pre-planned. After retirement, he started practicing as an advocate along with his other interests. Due to his endeavors, District Bar Association came into existence and he was elected as the president of the District Bar Association twice in 1998 and 2001. In 1989, he visited the areas of west Balochistan which shares its frontier with the Iranian borderline, including, Kohag, Ispandag, Sarawan, Khash, Zahidan and Iran Shahr (Bhampoor) for study and tour purposes. He is also associated with the Azzat Academy, which is a local academy established for promoting the Balochi language and literature and also he is one of the creators and a permanent member of the mentioned academy, given his services as the president of the academy twice.
In District Panjgur, for social development purposes a peace-promoting committee was organized under the leadership of Late Molana Rahmatullah, as according to the guidance of Muhammad Hayat Baloch. This committee was established in 1986 which is working for a stable society until today. He is a very dynamic and active member of this committee. Voluntarily, this committee has solved many issues and problems as bloody wars and community-based decisiveness resulting in deathly fights and even minor misunderstandings among the people. These all issues were discussed and solved according to the Balochi and Islamic rules and regulations, when everything was taken into consideration by Jirgah so both the parties and groups were granted peace and satisfaction. On District level, Mr. Advocate Muhammad Hayat Baloch has been elected in many governmental committees as District Advisory Committee, Health Foundation Committee, District Water Channels Committee, Public Safety Committee and vice versa.
On the other side, both broadly and educationally, when it comes to knowing his own interests, so Reading and writing have predominantly been of his passion; many books on various subjects are a part of his personal library. Under the subjects of Baloch and Balochistan he has been writing very authentic articles in Monthly “Balochi Dunya” Multan, Daily “Intekhab” and Daily “Aasaap” via his Pseudonym Hayataan Baloch.
Given the sense of his gregariousness, he has a vast camp of friends.
Despite the other before-mentioned interests, every time he shows the love of nature so he is fond of plants and flowers; therefore, he has a beautiful garden in his house. Though, he is aged, but he still spends two-to-three hours in his garden keeping himself closer to the nature. He has a strong relation with his religion and the religious people. As a matter of intellectual devotion, He is always busy in reading books, writing articles, discussing various issues, meeting friends or according to him talking to the plants and flowers. It is quite interesting that during his company no one gets bored when he grabs the attention of his intimates by his beautiful and erudite thoughts.
There is no concealing the fact that Advocate Muhammad Hayat Baloch is a living legend of Panjgoor and Balochistan given the fact that He has critically witnessed many ups and downs of Balochistan’s political scenario for approximately 70 years. Much to his part of the contribution as an educationalist and a cultivated individual of the Baloch framework of society, He has always discussed as well as mentioned the uprising from the historical phase till its current dimensional emergence in Balochistan via his columns and articles.
Hopefully, Waja Advocate Muhammad Hayat Baloch will soon publish his book based on his observations regarding the Baloch politics and history.
By Wasim Karim, Pangjoor
Since the emergence of this world, we have two categories of people “Kind and unkind”. These two types of people are found in this world. Kind no doubt promotes the humanity and unkind degrades the humanity. In fact to the nature these “Unkind” people are mostly rich and wealthy ‘Capitalists’ as compared to the “KIND” people. In this world the materialism has taken everyone’s interest towards its enchanting grip.
If a common KIND person faces any discrimination or any sort of injustice, indeed he/she raises their voice, but nobody listens to, when any poor needy person needs help and assist, nobody moves there to hand him. If a common person is imprisoned, they have bail for him just stale your life behind the steel cages. But if an influential person hour considerably he will be given bail and will be released respectfully.
In respective Governmental Departments common and poor people are never given priority and are never helped, but influential people rolling over their orders”
A common person is never helped by an un-common rich person the life of a common person is meant to spend, by helping, seceding promoting, reviving, and assisting the “Humanity” but the life of a rich person is meant to spend by his personal means and with the aim of living up to their own personal goals, that’s why I say.
If we make no difference and discrimination between “poor and rich” land lord and liver, capitalists and non-capitalists, influential and un-influential, Building livers and hut livers. Superior food eaters, and land walkers, suited booted and simple wears then
“We can maintain place, harmony’s utility and justice in this world”
“Let’s give infuse retailing reality into our souls”
“Let’s live together with no separations”
“Let’s prove our humanity”
NIGHT:It is summer and the dinner is just been eaten and it is time for Isha prayer. The men step out of the hut, situated far from town and surrounded by dry and hardly passable mountains, to enter the small stone-marked boundary of the village mosque to offer the Isha prayer and the women are busy with the picking and washing up the utensils, in which the all-day out and working and busy with livestock men have, a moment ago, been served. The all children of all the huts, which are around 15, are gathering at the middle of the village cheerfully. A smart and perceptive young girl is sitting among the children to manage the competition and guide the younger ones. Now, unlike the winter, they are asking each other riddles, small stories, proverbs and whatever they feel like. If it were winter and they were in huts with a burning fire in the middle, the intrigued children with their fixed eyes on her acting body would be looking at her moving hands and her face with different facial expressions. And then her long stories go on and on with such a feeling that it had just been started and ‘what’s next?’ And a woman, not her mother, would enter and see her keeping the fire alive by adding wood, blowing the dead fire and at the same time cleaning her face with her veil and having the children’s attention to her slowly moving story-telling lips. The woman would smile significantly and think of her own youth. It would be exactly the same till the half of every winter night.
Just some yards away from where she is with the children and other girls of her age, are sitting the adults and young boys discussing what should be done tomorrow with the sheep and goats and listening to each other’s news of the day. With eaten dinner they have no need to move for other things. They talk till the eyes allow them and then take out their blankets of the huts in summer. While in winter they would sleep in made up beds in the huts, where the fathers and mothers, after their children have slept, would talk about the eldest girl’s or boy’s engagement with the other boys and girls of the same village. But, here what the mother, hardly the father, said it would be so. And the unique part is that, at nights, when there is a wedding. The women would gather and in the middle the groom’s group cannot stop singing and hitting the tambourine until it is very late at night. ‘What’s happened to these women?’ says a man carving the meat for tomorrow’s guests ‘it’s just one’s wedding not all of……’ cuts his own speech by brushing away sweat from his temple using the back of his wrist. ‘If you can stop these women go ahead. We all are with you, aren’t we guys?’ The man who is holding the lamp humorously says. Hearing this, all of them burst into peals of laughter. If it is a night of someone’s death the all village is mourning and keening all night long, but not more than women who are pulling their hair forcefully and hitting their head against the nearest rock.
The different noticeable sounds of sheep and goats, roosters and hens, donkeys and camels, dogs and cows, and sundry other animals and singing birds can be clearly heard if and when one is in the hut and it’s the crack of the dawn. The man, who is going to take flour, sugar and other necessary things to the other men or shepherds, who had been staying far away in the mountains with some livestock to graze well, comes out of the hut, where they had their breakfast with butter and tea and of course the dates dipped in milk, carrying some dates and other things at his huge back would straighten his cap and hang the shawl on one of the shoulders. When he starts striding effortlessly to his destination, his vague figure slowly becomes invisible from the sight of the villagers. The women would be busy first with milked livestock’s milk and then churning it and then sewing, gossiping and cooking all day. Children take their traps and go in the nearest mountains to prey. Some men are building a new hut for the new couple while others are grazing the livestock far away from the village. When the man, with food, approaches the place in noon, where the shepherds are staying for just today. The deep mellifluous singing voice of the shepherd and the sound of the flute, following one another, gradually rise to a light pleasant crescendo. The new man tries to scare the alone shepherd to death, so he hides himself and throws a rock near him. The shepherd knows it is him still stops what he is doing and shouts ‘ghost!’ running to his fellows through the rush of the livestock ‘it’s a ghost! It threw a rock at me! Now!’ at the same instant, the man shouts ‘it’s me! I tested you.’ Till dusk they talk about the same happening saying ‘if I did this! You know! This would happen!’ After dusk all of them stay there except one. Then, the same nightly happenings begin with great delight.
But, it is a story which Balochs lived just before some years. If, now, one visits those areas he/she, only, will find the complete villages disturbed and facing dire problems. If someone goes further, he/she will meet the only shepherd. If he is asked about the village and those happy moments, he answers every question with numberless drops of tears! Having lost the happiest moments of their lives, Balochs only believe that they can recover everything with education. This nation has become dead serious and sensitive with much sensibility about education. It could hugely be noticed by recent protests and press conference of Baloch parents at the D.C office Panjgur, on May 5, this year, against the threats of what they called “anti-Baloch-education forces” and showed determination not to lend any countenance to any anti-education actions. The private schools, which were threatened recently in Panjgur, got together and showed no matter what happens they are going to educate people and believed that no education means blindness and being lost somewhere in the melee of the modern world.
Though Bolochs do not live the lives they deserve, they expect the change one day just because of education. And it’s been only some years from getting out from that village life and running equally with other nations not only in the country, but in the rest of the world. Change can be found today and the difference between before a decade and after it. Every young child seems to be carrying books, pens and notebooks, every father purchasing stationery, every teacher planning tomorrow’s competition and every second shows this once lost nation not the primrose path as the past ones but the path to its true destination.
By Akram Baloch
Balochistan’s current predicament would invite sarcasm. Balochs have been ruthlessly persecuted by the same angriness. Likewise, the Balochs are feeling hard done by and are angry. The causes of their protest, if not distress are historical and deep rooted. Their significance should not be trivialized by arguing that the uprising we are witnessing in the province is being stoked by India. Although latter may be true it is Baloch grievances which are fuelling the present insurgency. Similarly the establishment’s capacity to bring Balochistan’s economic and financial jugular to a halt through strong arm-tactics for that reason each government has wanted to keep the Baloch inside the lent rather then outside. Besides, No other nation is as paradoxical as Baloch.
Under a conspiracy such dynastic politicians have been imposed in our hierarchy. Here only tribal chiefs enjoy patronage. If not, baloch decision seems to over the last decade have been largely dictated by the quandary that faces in operating from a federal base above all the Balochs are also not given a plausible quote in federal and foreign services. Even their local parts are occupied by Punjab, Pakistan and Sindh.
It is the fact that they are deliberately propelled in a blind alley.
On the contrary, the Balochs who are mainly dependent on Iran and Afghanistan border, especially the people adjacent to Makoran and Rakshan belt earn their livelihood by import and export. Intentionally the borders were sealed to weaken the Balochs economically. In the same way our power loom industries stagger under the burden of load-shedding government has failed to take their grievances seriously. Both federal and provincial government is lukewarm toward them. Moreover, the Inward investment is discouraged. More than 300 factories in Balochistan were closed and later on transferred to Punjab.
Currently, Balochistan economy is on the verge of bankruptcy. It is also facing the threat of terrorism. Its national investments are blatantly as well as there is spell of insurgency in Balochistan.
Investors have wind up investment in Balochistan. Money has flown or has also been destroyed due to load-shedding. Therefore growth of our economy and industrial sector has nosedived resultantly have the youth face unemployment.
This article examines the economic aspect of their complaints after the 18 amendment and the recent NFC award under which the distribution criteria covering individual provincial shares pool of province as a whole revised.
Balochistan request that ‘area’ or lower population ratio as a criterion for allocation of resources between the province (to effort the minimum cost of establishing a social service delivery outlet in province with small and scattered settlement ) did not, in my opinion, get adequate weightage.
I strongly believe that to satisfactorily address the grievances being articulated by Baloch a new federal structure has to be devised for long-term sustainability of the state. Keeping in view their sluggish economy the Baloch should be granted free taxation. The grandiose Gawader project should be handed over to Balochs. Moreover, the skilled economist should help them revamp their economy on scientific basis.
By Nadil Baloch, Buleda
Undoubtedly, everything in this world had past the evolutionary stage and finally reached on climax stage. Likewise, societies have past so many years for reaching the peak of civilization. Firstly, I would like to clear society. Society means a group of people who share common culture, specific geographic location and a specific language. Today there is a verity of groups, societies, nations, states etc but before they were same while in the first evolutionary stage. Due to many reasons, they were categorized in distinct divisions.
The evolutionary stages of societies are given below.
Hunting and gather societies -12000 years ago:
Hunting and gather was the initiative stage of societies. In this stage, societies were very savagery, nomadic; no preservation of food, no surplus of food, without any religion and intercourse was very common. The sources of food were two “vegetable and hunting the animal”.
Female with aged man collected vegetable, young male hunted the animals, and at nights, all sat to gather and ate them. They have assigned the female to collect vegetables because sex was very common due to which female got pregnant very soon and they were unable to follow the animals to hunt them.
Pastoral and horticulture societies -10000 years ago:
It is the second stage of society evolution and in this stage; people tried to preserve foods, started cultivating through hand tools, and for cultivation lands were needed and they started occupying the lands and the concept of occupation of lands emerged. They started petting the animals instead of hunting them. Some people were more intelligent and they occupied more and more lands for their future use. They cultivated and preserved more and more foods. On the other hand, some people did not occupy any land and they went for borrowing foods from landlords. After getting foods from property owners, they could not give the debts back then borrowers were became the slaves of proprietors and the concept of slavery emerged. Tribe, chief system and the concept of religion emerged.
Agricultural societies -5000 years ago:
It is one of the stages of societies where the sources of income were agriculture sectors. They fulfilled their demand through cultivating a large part of the lands and they preserved more and more surplus foods. The concept of money such as gold coin, seashells, and silver, preservation of foods and the village emerged in this duration. The rate of slavery increased and people lived in one place for a long time.
Industrial societies -18th century:
When industrial revolution came in England in 18th century, the social stratification of people emerged. People were divided in lower, middle and upper classes, people migrated from the rural to urbanization for finding jobs and facilities. In addition, a large number of industries was opened and capitalists started hard working and engaged more and more people as labours in their factories. Various kind of technology developed such as esteem engine, wheel chair etc. The capitalists produced more and more profits from the factories. Social inequality emerged in a large skill.
Postindustrial societies –present:
Finally, Postindustrial societies are the most modern form of society. Due to microchip societies changed from industrial societies into postindustrial societies. People have introduced wireless networks, internet, SMS etc. Moreover, every society is fighting for power and they are trying to develop the most modern technology and most civilized nation.
Khurshid Qazi, (University of Karachi)
Society is a universal concept, which has two preliminary aspects in sociological perspective, such as good forces and evil forces, both has their loose bounds worldwide. Good forces usually instigate the people towards the constructive and beneficial deeds in order to organize, bring solidarity and stability in the society. On the contrary, evil forces-the biggest antagonist of good forces-incite the people towards demoralization of social norms, which causes disorganization in the society. The focal point “forced marriages” is the outcome of the same evil forces, which at broader concept have maligned the moral values in our society.
“Marriage is the ceremony which unites a man and woman into a family.” Marriages can only be through free consent of parties. This is the true concept of marriage under Islamic Injunctions. But this is bluntly being violated in our society. The violation of such fundamental rights in 21st century is a hanging question; this might seem not be a violation of individual’s rights, but in fact it is and this is virtually the violation of norms which are prevalent in our society, and we live in a society where violation of norms is a norm.
In order to curb such mischief, section 310 –A of P.P.C has been provided. According to it, a girl is forced to get married to male whether in the form of Vani or may be due to other norms. The law provides for 3 to 7 years imprisonment and 5 lac rupees as penalty. But it is futile because this is not in action. This might exist in black and white. Moreover, Forced marriage is a perpetual practice in most rural areas of Pakistan. The younger people become victims of values and customs of older generation. Coercive marriages can patently lead to psychological problems and other subversive impacts such as separation, just after the few months of marriage, divorce, mental mismatching, lack of tolerance or patience and lack of understanding. As the upshot, the spouses just live a cat and dog life. In this connection the offspring would also sail in the same boat.
Such marriages have dysfunctional socialization and negative bearings on children’s psychological and social nourishment. In this case, the personality which is socially acquired will be abnormal and the children may socially be isolated because family as a social group can play the most vital role to farm individual personality through socialization. It is the family wherein the newly born child learns the A B Cs of socialization; the unwilling spouse can have totally destructive affects. Such domestic condition would mesmerize and hypnotize the off springs.
In order to avoid such dismal scenario, the civil society and people from the all walk of life join hands for elimination of such subversive activities and to provide a platform to discuss such controversial issues.
In order to have a greater understanding regarding the forced marriages, please consult “POLES APART”, a documentary, based on the menace of forced marriages.
By MB BALOCH AWARAN
With the finishing of classes I, with my some class mates, moved toward central library (CL) for the purpose to issue books. When we reached in library for the refreshment all of us sit on the back side of library. In same time two persons came near of us and called my boy colleague, after that I also stepped toward them to know what is the issue. When I was about to approach, so one of them threw a question in front of me, the question was that, are you a new comer in Punjab University? Do you not know here Islamic jamiat-i- tulbah has a strong hold and it is not allowed by jamiat to sit with namuharam. Furthermore, he also ordered me to show my identity card.
The above questions compelled me to pen out some sentence regarding the undefined notion of Islamic jamiat-i-tulbah in Punjab University. After inquiring from one nazim of jamiat I came to know that jamait only forbid the couple with sitting each other, it is against the constitution of jamait to disturb the group, who are discussing anything. Fortunately, we are as a group was sitting but again we could not spare from the untidy action of the so-called member of jamiat. If any member of any organization has any sort of contradiction with each other how they reform the society. It is also vital to mention here that without knowing any one, it is a sin to blame him. But the members of jamait without any recognition utter abusive word when they find any couple sitting anywhere. They cannot think that the person whom is sitting might be their “sister and brother” in relation but they consider them namuharam. Sadly to say the same organization has considered itself the corridor of Islamic teaching in Punjab university as well as in other educational institutions, but fully adopted a dirty practice in educational institutions; and could not spare any stone unturned to disturb the students to enjoy the university life easily.
It is an established fact that, no one in favor of jamiat, neither teacher faculty nor administration I mean vice chancellor. Only some people are being used as an instrument by jamiat to make its presence constant. I myself discussed the hurdle of jamiat with numerous students; they all negate the politics of jamiat. It is out of guess why jamiat every time makes itself engaged in childish action. Such as no one is allowed to wear jeans, only scarf from the point of Jamait is the sole way to preserve the Islamic principles. When any conference, book fair and any other cultural ceremony held by any department, the members of jamait try to enforce their own notion and try to create a disturbance among people. Majority of people have a extreme hatred in heart against this organization, unfortunately cannot express a single word by virtue of fear. Here a question arises in every mind, if administration is fully against of it then who is behind the scene and promoting the cause of Jamiat.
It is a historical fact that since the initial stage the leaders of jamiat -i-islami being used as a key factor for state to mingle the politics and religion, because the masses only come under the easy prey of religious parties by name of religion. Rational study of history of Pakistan shows that in every regime religion has become used a cheap instrument to fulfill the political interests. So the same mess also forced in the mind of students. Recently the cauldron is sharply engulfing the structure of all educational institutions. It is a necessity to further stop this ruthless brainwashing of students and government should devise a coherent strategy to nudge out the politics from educational institution. If this catastrophic game cannot check, it would be disastrous to move away from that at this point and would make the students helpless to be the part of this sin.