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By Shah Mir Baloch, Kohlu
For a longtime, it has been observed in Social Media that criticism is only to nag but not for constructive means. The debate in political way is positive whilst by partial and without logic is detrimental and instead of convincing to accuse each other and usage of indecent words put aside political codes and principles. Some consensuses people during debate put aside political codes and accuse to individuals mere for egoistic pleasures and during this they criticize personalities, tribes and so on which is providing room to rival for strike. This sort of activities are analogizing to cut own feet. Let’s take a review of this sort of arguments commencement and other aspects.
Initially, fellow Baloch based aboard drafted “Liberation Charter” and was sent to other Balochs for consultation. Mr Hairbeyar Marri delivered this to international bases, Agha Suleman Dawood, Brahamdagh Bugti, Akhtar Mengal and Guerilla leader Dr. Allah Nazar Baloch live in their mother land Balochistan. After few months, it was heard that Akhter Mengal disapproved the charter because his party ‘Balochistan National Party’ is a Pakistani parliamentarian and he and his party leaders were desirous to participant in up-coming general election, hence how he could approve substance in which inscribed complete succession from Pakistani state and a separate land with state system for Baloch. Akhter Mengal was already raising a slogan of ‘self-determination’ and has been calling mindless to pro-independent political workers.
Brahamdagh Bugti talks about freedom but he didn’t reply emails and phone calls of Mr. Hairbeyar Marri who has worked sufficient for Baloch movement. Mr Bugti in his statements published in papers commented in vague way and alighted that seasoned Baloch leader Khair Bukhsh Marri has also divulgences regarding charter. In fact, nationalist leader Khair Bukhsh Marri hasn’t demonstrated has stance about this document. Consequently, might Brahamdagh Bugti states this on his behalf or probably he doesn’t have correct information about Khair Bukhsh Marri’s stand-off regarding liberation charter. Here it is questionable that if Brahamdagh Bugti is pro-independent, so why he is opposing the charter, even in it legibly has written for freedom.
Guerilla leader declared the charter optimistic. As my point of view Akhtar Mengal’s and Brahamdagh Bugti’s refusals cause to charter is fear of vanishing of their tribal dynasty, because it is inscribed in charter that after gain of freedom, Baloch state’s fate will be democracy, hence in democratic system there isn’t tiny space for hierarchy.
The Second topic under argument is 13th November, commemoration day. For Baloch martyred It was broadcasted by Radio Balochistan London that BSO-Azad presented this agenda of martyrs commemoration and internationally based Baloch were agreed with this, and last year it was marked on 13th November as Baloch martyred day, too.
Only BRP opposed this and BSO-Azad didn’t deny it but in a reference on 9th April held by BNM in commemoration of Murghab’s martyrs, Baloch Khan, Chairman of Baloch Student Organization, implying that this organization also not complying with this if BSO endorses it, so Baloch Khan Chairman of BSO (Azad) obliges to justify his act when Baloch Nation thresholds on international level by Baloch representatives to be represented.
Baloch National Movement is pro-independent organization and led by Khalil Baloch. This organization renewed leader Waja Ghulam Mohammad Baloch embraced martyrdom in pursuance of liberation. If BNM claims for being pro-independent organization, so it is essential to elaborate that Ghulam Mohammad Baloch had paid sacrifice only for his party or for entire Baloch Nation! Consequently, all Baloch martyrs commemoration collectively on single day ought to be marked.
The parties and comrades who demand for separate commemoration of each martyr, so it is stunned that how to arrange programs while each day of year Baloch political workers have been martyred. Presently, it is a call of time and loyalty with martyrs blood that Nation lead ahead their mission, and would be more better, don’t use all energies regarding anniversaries and likewise, but confront belligerent.
Before few days, it has been heard that BSO-Azad London zone chairman Waja Baloch Khan has suspended membership of Jamal Nasir President, Imran Baloch General Secretary and Nobhat Marri Secretary Information. These workers memberships from organization have been suspended and they are expelled from it, too. The Central Secretary General London zone Shaye Mureed in his statement stated that whether BSO in London exist or not, but we have to strengthen BNM. The other comrades said that they had sworn for being loyal with BSO, never took oath for fortification of BNM.
After profound study of above mentioned stories, here it is pertinent to draw attentions towards America colonel (R) Ralph Peter interview which was conducted by America and Asia (CSIS) Edi Walch about Baloch movement. Ralph Peter had written an article in American Army Magazine before then Akbar Khan Bugti martyrdom. A map was presented with title” builder about Middle East” and it Balochistan was displayed as independent state.
In his interview Mr. Ralaph said that he supports warmly Baloch independent movement and their human rights, but I believe in that this Nation may not get independence from Iran and Pakistan, soon. And Baloch itself is responsible for this, it is compulsory for Baloch to overwhelm on their disputes and dissent. I am hopeful Baloch will regain their land or will succeed to liberate one of its parts in nearer future. It Relies on Baloch constant political struggle or will happen that one of states that is to said Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan disintegrates. I caution Baloch, if they are desirous for good governance, so they have to unite, organize and empower their groups; otherwise an era of confrontation will advent and Western policy makers won’t support it.
Mr Peter says that Baloch movements, grave concerning aspect is inner contradictions and confection to down the prestige of each other, and this is condemnable act. Baloch couldn’t conceive that inner wrangles how much harmed their movement. Majority of Baloch at all couldn’t perceive that for freedom to be achieved there is an utmost requirement to put aside ego and personnel interests. State of Pakistan availed their difference and killed a number of their sagacious and potential workers. It is enunciated that west will never support such people who merely base of an email criticize drastically. The inner disputes are caution for Baloch the abdication of their support which presently on low scale they have.
Mr. Peter suggestively addressed to Baloch leaders and activists that ought to relinquish ongoing criticism. Sequence on each other. As Military tactic they shouldn’t wrangle that a hidden lancer drives them into marsh. It obsess me, such differences are catalyzed war in Afghanistan and Pakistan cashing these divulgences in its favor effortlessly. The formula is same divide and conquer, and they are professional of this art, too.
At last Mr. Peter said that Baloch leadership should educate and mobilize their workers via media decorum. In case of failure in this regard it is feared that Baloch movement will not be able to gain western countries support. Mr. Peter is one from American who raised Baloch voice much and showed anticipation the Baloch leadership will adopt his suggestion as favorably.
I request through my write-up to Baloch leadership that they cogitate on Mr. Peter sayings and do discard all differences which are helpful for rival to weaken Baloch movement. My criticism never means to nag someone personally but only it is for reforms.
By Ahmed Khan
Pakistan from its creation is leaned towards centralized policies, even today it has not diverted its destination and if it profoundly be observed, so it can be felt that it is falling to a abyss and the velocity yet to be accelerated more. It was formed with the name of Islam or in this state the creation source’s interoperation is different than others.
Military taken over all institutes in its hands for seeking logic or justification used Mullah. These religious pundits dubbed Pakistan with citadel of Islam and discarded all rational demands and rights. If someone would shout a little, for this reason she/he will be rewarded a traitor, blasphemous, heathen and other titles. That’s why, no system including democracy could thrive but through religious and fundamentalists the aid and donation has been gained sufficiently.
The status does not remain constant, it varies and changes colors. After a period of ruling and exploiting, the Pakistani establishment has felt a requisition of alternative or moderate system, means brought the democratic forces to replace religious mindset. Alas! These forces were the genuine democratic, because these are merely presumably politicians and in core are being controlled same source to which was bridling the precedent religious. The prominent name in this list is Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and his descendants Bhuttos and Zardaris respectably.
These so called democratic leaders always worked for establishment as vanguard and never hesitated to kill, hijack and snatch basic rights of humans.
In the same series, the parties in fact are business firms or business partners of establishment, like Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), Muslim League (PML), Mutahida Quami Movement (MQM), Awami National Party, Balochistan National Party and others. Masses know better these mentioned parties’ origination, structure and leadership. They are tested by masses and found hollow drum or accessories of establishment. Consequently, masses are distrusted in them and disinclined to come for vote. It is certain; these same leaders will be selected for another time for assemblies who had quitted before few months. They couldn’t do anything last time, because people’s lives got more troublesome than before, so how they in their next tenure can cope the matter of state.
Now conditions have changed withstanding peoples thoughts and erupted disgruntles in thoughts of masses can be read that in Balochistan and Sindh the succession movements roused with full swing. In Khyber Pakhtoonkhuwa also situations are like warfare. Only in Punjab a layer participates and gets privileges but a large portion of Pakistanis is deprived of life necessities and living below the line of poverty. These people are totally renounced or distrusted from election.
The discussed situations are not congenial for both factions of establishment, it means neither for Islamic fundamentals nor pseudo democratic leaders. On this juncture, both facilitators are being used but as bragger are being shown rivalry between them. It is only to flaunt to manipulate over compassion and support of people and earn more for elites. Purpose of all these devices are only that poor work more for them and do not ponder or seek for a good and justified system. For prolonging this series, they are using patriotic slogans and stirring up the emotions of people. In fact their own palaces are abroad in Dubi, London and other high standardized cities. Mr. Bilawal Bhutto comes from Dubai or London’s palace, Nawaz comes from London and other also from palaces in international cities.
When resentment felt in masses and gauged that aforementioned parties’ leaders lost credibility and character to persuade people, so army Chief Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani stepped forth to do this job. He appealed people for vote but unable to elaborate the retired government’s performance for what people had vote to that. He emphasized for change by vote, but who bring change because politician, system, course, judiciary and all other things are same which couldn’t sooth people but provided heap of wealth to few.
COAS, Kiyani in speech said ironically that war on terror is now their war and without thinking their soldiers adopt it as he is saying. Now it is their war. If think over the causes of failure and problematic of this state, then we easily can grasp, the only initiatives without thinking had taken by saying of others, are the reasons deteriorating the system very relentlessly. Without skepticism soldier is loyal with state but being a human he is brainy and owns sense to distinguish righteous and wrongful. The series of mindlessness continues and people will not let it be freed in their decisions and will not give rights, so such type of address and use of impressive words can’t persuade to them. And it is understood masses are totally distrusted in politician, and if army campaigns for these politicians, so may not lose trust of army among people. The cynicism of Pakistani people about state system and authorities have drove Chief of Army Staff Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani to appeal masses to cast vote.
By, Aziz Ejaz
No doubt, uncertainties are wrapping up globally and escalating in a way that is condemnable which has almost broaden its anxious flames around the world that keeping some of the countries in troubles and chaos, how to triumph over in the strangling stormy uncertainties which have been the worst among the middle east countries including labia, Palestine, Egypt and Syria. Since two years an uprising has angrily intensified in those countries that in consequence have almost overthrown the tyrannies of some countries, ruling for more than few decades were among the ruling monarchs and some other countries became obligated to implement reforms in their policies in order to permit it be less sentimental for the prospect of their sovereignty. Much uproar across the world escalating being heard on televisions and by else means disconcerting is the most hurdles. Such a sort of problem has uproariously kept Syria’s government in a pandemonium that how to trounce it now which has taken entire country under the claws of very sadistic outrages unintentionally.
It is worth mentioning that this dismal unrest emerged in March 2011 and up to till now has taken virtually the lives of 70,000 individuals outrageously. By the passage of time the vicious dispute between Bashar Al Assad’s armed forces and rebels intensified and even though currently there have been a report that Syria has used chemicals over the citizens under locking the country in a intimidating fear, on the other hand the figure of losing the precious lives to be sustained ahead, where as the opposite group struggling day and night to put an end to the regimes of president Bashar Al Assad is the next side of coin.
This already fueled fire is going to be more intensifying by each passing day which is egregious and much antagonistic as residents will feel more unsteadiness and instability. Such sorts of insurrection in front of a harmony is an immense bottleneck soon after to be dealt with very enlightened moderated thoughts but unfortunately this has been a question remains unanswerable nationally or internationally to those responsible concerned authorities, try for pursuance of settling the most violent eruptions in the form a contravention.
Syria which has trapped a fire of uncertainty, frustration and instability has been attacked by twin airstrikes of Israel in its capital Damascus on Friday May 2013, which is more treacherous than the bloody civil war raging in Syria while Syria Blamed Israel for Fiery Attacks over its soil and Saying, it “opened the door to all possibilities,” as fear spread throughout the region that the country’s civil war could expand beyond its borders and despite that it has been condemn by Arab league and some other countries as well arguing for expedite notice over it. Contrary to this Israel has claimed it was a campaign to prevent the Syrian government from transferring weapons to Hezbollah, the Shiite militia and political party in neighboring Lebanon that is one of Israel’s most dangerous foes. This arm shipment from Iran to this proscribed organization passing through Syria is a great menace for the region, said by Israeli officials.
According to a report Israeli aircrafts hit a military target outside capital and residents of the affected area has said that soon after the attacks it felt like an earthquake tremor and turned the sky red in dark night.
What for these sort of aerial assaults point toward and why the EU and the United States don’t proceed to restrain Israel and bring it on to a negotiation table, if it is according to the claims than there must be another way to come out from it for the cause of citizens lives, if it is not so then do you think is not a kind of human rights violation has been committed across the world by Israel?.
Where the international laws stand up today to take foremost measures against such outstanding bad act widening the gap of hindrance and solidifying the already solidified issues. No international body seems much concerned so that various outrages palpitating the world peace are owing to those organizations had taken ought under the shadow of that charter has been signed internationally to endeavor with last gulp of air to assure the safety of people.
Analysts said, they did not see the air assaults as the opening of a new war front, or as an attempt to prop up the Syrian rebels against the Syrian government. Rather, they tended to see it more as an extension of the long-running “shadow war” against Iran and Hezbollah, a tit-for-tat of terror attacks and assassinations that has lengthened over decades and around the world.
If you think, a tit-for-tat then who will come to renovate the stretched uprising taking the lives of innocents worldwide.
Unequivocally, here comes a question perplexes, if the weapons are being transferred via borders to borders for the prestigious purposes of those organization to slain the people, first why not united nations take firm action against Israel responsible killing of thousands of people in the territory and Gaza strip of Palestine.
It has been said weapons were about to be destined for Hezbollah , to halt it there was not any approach except air assaults and the shipment of arms to be restrained is of the utmost concerns not an infringement or killing of people because she is ‘’ second face of uncle Sam’’ can do anything curious by paving a way likewise as the first face has did it by attacking Iraq and labia presently beyond the approach of cognition.
The research center at JAMRAYA, North West of DAMASCUS has said in a report that this new Israel air aggression is a clear attempt to alleviate the pressure on the armed terrorists group after our army victories on the road to recovering security and stability in Syria.
Information Minister, Omran alzohbi said at a press conference that Israel’s air airstrikes violating the international laws and was tenaciously reviled by Syria while the UN Security Council repeatedly said to impede such attacks which are undoubtedly opening the doors of hatred feelings worldwide.
The International community and concerned laws implementing organizations are equally behind an antagonism to blaze the fires and frail Syria by not intervening to resolve the problems. The official SANA news agency said ‘’ this assault from Israel proves that the direct involvement of the Israel occupation in the conspiracy against Syrian and its links with terrorists group in the aggression supported by western and gulf countries. When Eu and some other countries especially America was not in fever of colonel Ghadafi’s regime in labia so they razed it drastically on the whole and later on left it with a blazing fire and aggression behavior from Israel is in backgrounds to halt the transference of advanced weapon systems or chemical weapons to Hezbollah and frequently warned Hezbollah is fighting a war in the region by the supplement of those weapons and has claimed the organization and Iran have steadfastly backed the regime of Syrian president Bashar Al Assad since the uprising against it erupted in march 2011 in this hostility blowing up indicates the US green light according to Iran’s defense minister , farther saying that it unveils the links between the terrorist mercenaries and their masters of the Zionist regime , above all mentioned proceedings indicate towards a link between rebels and some foreign hands want to violently add fuel on the fire of Syria in the form of attacks to keep the region in belligerence.
The rebel “Free Syria Army” fighting against Assad’s regime says their country is already under daily attacks by regime aircraft so bombing from Syria and Israel over the country is losing of citizens who are being bombed every day.
Writer is the sub-editor at monthly Bolan Voice (magazine) Balochistan and can be reached at, email@example.com.
By Basheer Ahmed Ijbari
Sistan Balochistan is one of the neglected but largest provinces of Iran, lies in the southeast of the country. The provence Sistan Balochistan covers area of 178,421 km and caters population of 2.4 million. Recently we have known through print and electronic media that the federal Government of Iran has decided to divide it into three provinces which is very painful report for Baloch Nation, because it exposes Iran’s ill-intention that she wants to eliminate Balochistan name from its map at all.
Actually, Iran can’t accept Sistan Balochistan, because the Balochs of Sistan are religious and conventionalist, even they are engaged to persuade and bring back together those who abnegated their religious sect and conventional norms. Their scholars, youth and nationalists are struggling for protection of religious dogma, culture and for this they are facing many problems and hurdles. More than 20 prestigious scholars were killed by anti-Sunni and many employers were executed publically, and thousand of youth were killed by Iranian forces.
If we see about this cruelty, this brutality is escalating from a long time by Iranian Government, but we did not see repercussions by Sistan’s Baloch. They couldn’t take any action against Iranian government, they are being killed without any reason, it should be asked to state authorities. They can’t show any deep concern to these things. It is our own fault that today we Baloch are facing difficulties, Iran must not eliminate the Sistan Balochistan name, because it is significant part of history, it is not suitable for her, because history tells Sistan Balochistan is renewed province of Iran. It is totally unacceptable skated for Sistan dwellers that their land be divided into three parts.
What I thought and felt it is a very big threat for Sistan masses, they bear many hardships but this division issue isn’t apt for three parts of Sistan, because the majority of Suni in Iran are residing in this province. It is impossible to persuade the scholars, undoubtfuly they are not consented for division of Sistan because already there is a resisting Organization in Iran named JundUllah. It struggles for subsist of religion and culture. They want Islamic revolution in Iran, specifically in their Baloch area as Sunni dogma. They are also saying that they are not getting their rights as compare to other provinces. Their Provence is unequal in every facility. They are deprived of everything. It is their right, so they are struggling for triumph in their goal.
This crisis to have already occupied in Sistan Balochistan, but now division plan is running in Iran. The future of Sistan Balochistan looks very dismal, because if Iran removes the Sistan Balochistan name, then it will be vanished from history and there’s Baloch will be anonymous.
In Iran there was province named “Khurasn”. It was divided into three portions on September 29, 2004. The division was approved by Iran parliament on 18 May 2004, the majority of Khurasanian population apprises on Baloch but today no one knows about them, because it was removed from history and it is denounced. The Khurasanian Baloch did not take any action against Iranian parliament’s decision. It was the right of Khurasani people but till today no one can’t see any statement from khurasanian intellectuals, so today same plot of division is going to be applied on Sistan Balochistan. Iran also wants to discard Sistan name, but some people denounced grim act. Yar jan Baloch from Sistan has said, “they never allow it to be divided, it is our motherland and the word Sistan was added to it later, any one is planning to remove the word, is our enemy”. Further he said, “the division of Khurasan is an instructive example for us”.
Nabi Dad Baloch from Sistan said, “I violently condemn division of Sistan and appeal to Iranian government and interior ministry not to divide it into three parts; it is a large and dense populated province of Iran”.
Writer can be reached: firstname.lastname@example.org
By Atif Abid Kech, Turbat
Baloch nationalism is a movement that claims the Baloch people, an ethno-linguistic group mainly found in Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan are a distinct nation. The movement propagates the view that Muslims are not a nation (the opposite of the concept behind the creation of Pakistan) and that ethnic loyalty must surpass religious loyalty.
The Baloch nationalist movement’s demands have ranged from greater cultural, economic and political rights, to political autonomy, to outright secession and the creation of an independent state of Balochistan. The movement is secular and heavily influenced by leftist Marxist ideology, like its other counterparts in other parts of Pakistan and India, leaning towards anti-Islamism.
Baloch nationalism in its modern form began in the form of the Anjuman-e-Ittehad-e-Balochan (Organization for Unity of the Baloch) based in Mastung in the 1920s, led by Yousaf Aziz Magsi, Abdul Aziz Kurd and others. The aim of the group was to establish political and constitutional reform in the State of Kalat; end of British imperialism; abolition of the sardari-jirga system; and for the eventual unification of all Baloch lands into an independent state. Simultaneously with the formation of the Anjuman, Baloch intellectuals in Karachi formed a nationalist organization, called the Baloch League.
In February 1937, the Anjuman re-organized and became the Kalat State National Party, carrying on the Anjuman’s political agenda of an independent united state of Balochistan. The party was dominated by more secular-minded, anti-imperialist and populist elements, such as Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo, Mir Gul Khan Naseer and Abdul Aziz Kurd. When parliamentary elections were held in the State of Kalat, the party was the largest winners with a considerable majority.
Baloch nationalism stems from lingual roots and is more concentrated in Brohi, Sulemani and Makrani speaking areas of Province Baluchistan. Sindhi (Jadgali Dialect), Saraiki (Khetrani dialect), Rukhshani, Dehvari, Pashto, Hazargi and Mix (Punjabi Settlers) belts population don’t support Baloch Nationalism which accounts for more than 60 % of population of Baluchistan.
Bolan Voice Report
Baloch Salvation Front delivered a message to the inhabitants of various cities via distribution of a pamphlet. The pamphlet inscribes “Baloch is a nation has history, identification and it had an independent state status prior to occupation of 1948. On 27th March, 1948, State of Pakistan occupied Baloch state for enforced annexation. At that time state Kalat was by cameral, which blatantly opposed this and slavery of 30 million Baloch populations in Asia.”
“The Baloch from very beginning day stood against this intrusion and launched a struggle to combat it. They ended their point of liberation but were determined in various ways of struggle. In this historical fight, many got eternal and neither their cemeteries could fade nor someone dares to erase these valiant names from the book of history. The role of these heroes role is distinguished from thousands selfish men. These history creators always kept-up the noble cause the liberation on egos of cast and creeds.” Explained in the pamphlet
It is further stated in the pamphlet “The occupant has failed to get surrendered the liberators and now is suffering from psychological defeat and got hired same parliamentarians to emit confusions among them and sabotage Baloch movement. These gluttonous are busy for appeasing to occupant by their vague reforms and slogans. These parliaments are causing to contaminate Baloch program. Parliamentarian parties constitution analogues with establishment’s designs and confined in state frame work. Discussed parties on various occasions demonstrated Balochistan status as province and unite against the ground realities and irrationally, and they always performed the role of representative of occupant. Now these parties are exploiting Baloch Nation on ideological basis and misleading nation, too. They are confronting the Baloch movement by declaring deliberately estrange them. They in their press releases and gatherings pertaining to election are using old and rejected words “Baloch estrangement”. They are raising slogan self-determination, unemployment and so on. These are antagonist of Baloch movement clearly. Baloch issue isn’t any increment, construction of dam, royalty and educational development, but only panacea of Baloch malady is salvation from slavery.”
Baloch Salvation Front paper explained that parliamentarian parties were canvassing and looked while saying to people that vote in favor and let them reach assembly floor, than they would resolve all problems of Baloch. The history of 65 years was witness that the system could never resolve problem. They were bargaining over Baloch independency with parliament seats and in this way they were causing prolonged slavery series. If parliament could provide relief then like Ghandi renowned leader would approve safety, a bill of exploitation and could halt British for hegemony on India.
“Baloch Nation shouldn’t be part of election and totally boycott from them and deliver a message to world by sending back the empty ballet boxes that they never endorse state’s unnatural and pseudo election because vote casting is disloyalty with martyred Baloch and with their paid blood who sacrificed for liberation of motherland. Baloch Nation must not vote in sake of their martyrs and by tiny sacrifice can energize movement.” elucidated the BSF pamphlet.
By Qasim Baloch
Personality oriented political parties, enslaved politics, state sponsored political ideology, inclination of enforced federation and vindictive political attitudes have always been installed and encouraged by the federation of Pakistan in its federating units particularly in Balochistan.
Balochistan, a battle field between the liberators and occupiers, is going to observe an enforced plebiscite in the coming month. For the reason state machinery is busy in paving the way for favorable consequences.
Balocistan National Party (M) claims to be a nationalist party, after falling a prey to the tactics of the federation has undertaken to participate in general election of 2013 being conducted on 11th of May 2013.
Miscellaneous perspectives and analyses have been observed after the Balochistan national party’s decision of taking part in election.
The very first perspective evolved with in the Baloch community among the so called dialectical masses is that the BNP’s decision of taking part in election is a positive move because it will make the fateful and hazardous vacuum filled; as the lag created by the boycott of nationalists in 2008 resulted superficial and dreary people selected who did not have any political and ideological background and afflicted the people of Balocistan for five years.
The second perspective which is conceived that if BNP does not take part in election, it will loose it’s identity in Balochistan politics, it will only be in discussions in the future that there remained a political party named BNP.
Likewise there are many other manifold perception regarding BNP’s participation in election, some consider it a deal with the establishment while some see it as an understanding with the Pakistan Muslim League(N); the expected governing party in centre.
But majority of the Baloch intellectuals, liberators and political activists went on with outrage and had extreme revilement to the BNP’s decision. They consider it a throwback of the malpractices which caused volatile situations in Balochistan and see it as an attempt to divert the thinking of the Baloch masses that freedom movement is a bullshit and meager struggle; it is only the Pakistan which is the future of Balochistan.
There is no doubt that BNP as importance in the main stream politics of Balochistan, it is also undeniable that BNP has supporters and activist in many areas of Balochistan but it is also of due consideration that situations in Balochistan have come to an edge when state is trying to oust the Balochs from their motherland by doing the genocide.
It remains a fact that in past 67 years Balochs have been treated as third class citizens, there has always been the exploitation of their resources, they have always received the colonial actions, suffered the violation of human rights and even no stone has been left unturned to suppress and deter the Balochs.
BNP’s decision of becoming the part of the exploiting federation is totally the negation of the nationalism it seems as if BNP has been yearning on the previous boycott of 2008. Its attempt to cash the issue of missing persons, exploiting the Baloch cause will soon turn into a nightmare because the freedom movement proceeded with the blood of thousand of martyrs has aspired the Balochs to defeat the intimidating and tyrannical federation.
By Hasrat Iqbal
For many months I have been sleepless. Toiled much to sleep but in vain expect an hour or half. Consulted to my Doctor, went to the molovis, and have pilgrim to shrines of saints but found no positive results. In fact one may see plenty of medicines, pills and mascot all around my room but all this was a futile exercise. Eventually I left going behind sleep and invented several techniques of passing my time in dark nights.
That night something very odd happened to me. There was long lasting break down of electricity. Having an early dinner I was passing my time reading news and texting messages from twitter on my mobile phone. I was so much bored that I fell asleep. In my dream I see the dawn of 11th may. It is the general elections day in Pakistan. Rush and pressure horns of the vehicles wake me up. People look energetic happy and have a lots of hope in their eyes. Everybody is moving towards polling stations to cast his vote. It seems as if a new history is going to be made this day. Me, too get together with a huge flock of people and after a lot of penetrations in queues I push myself to a polling booth and finally I cast my vote.
In the evening up to 8 0,clock the election results are gradually initiated to announcements and Baloch nationalist parties B. N. P- M, BNP- Awami and National Party win a lot of seats both in National and provincial assemblies. Within a few days Baloch nationalist parties form government in Balochistan assembly in majority.
I keep dreaming: After taking oath and getting charge of his office as the Chief Minister, in his first speech from provincial assembly, Sardar Akhtar Mengal stunned everyone, Orders to release all the missing Baloch persons. Ensures masses to get the charge of Gawader deep seaport project from China and federal government and hand it over to Baloch, Orders to pay off all the previous royalty debts of Sui gas. Demands land rent and share from Pak- Iran gas pipeline project for people of Balochistan. Frontier corps and army are reined back and are made accountable to the government. At the end of his speech he promises to hang the murderer and killer of Akbar Khan Bughti.
In a few days his hard work starts bearing fruits. The small population of Balochistan gets relief from inflation. There remains no jobless youth in Balochistan. No one dares to exploit masses. Merit is ensured in every walk of life. Freedom of expression has no ban. Media in Balochistan is not restricted by government. Oppressed nations are given equal rights. People feel proud of their leaders and democracy and no one seems to be complaining from government.
After spending 13 years in prisons and torture cells Meer Ali Asghar Bangulzai is released. Zakir Majeed, Dr. Din Muhammad Baloch including thousands of missing Baloch persons are freed one by one. Opponents of Akhter Mengal have nothing to criticize about and laud him for his policies as he avenges no one politically. He meets all his promises releasing Baloch missing persons.
Meanwhile, I proceed to take a photograph of Zakir Majeed and Dr. Din Muhammad Baloch. As I press the button of my camera for a photograph, the sound of the camera flush wakes me up.
Drenched in sweat I opened my eyes; spread my hand for my mobile phone. I saw Faisal’s tweet that ‘’ Ministry of interior has banned Baloch Students Organization Azad and a Sindhi nationalist Party ‘’ and I my sleep fled away again.
The writer is staff writer of the Bolan Voice and holds masters degree in Mass Communication from University of Balochistan. He can be reached at email@example.com
By Naeem Ahmed Jamaldini
It was 22nd of February 2013. I got up early in the morning on my daily basis, offered prayer while taking breakfast; suddenly my brother shared news with us. Actually my brother had received a message that Haq Nawaz Baloch has passed away in Karachi. We didn’t believe in this received message by my brother. After authentication of this received news from their relative, we all were confirmed concerning the martyrdom of Shaheed Haq Nawaz Baloch. We couldn’t take tea. My all body benumbed. Everyone was deploring for “martyred Haq Nawaz Baloch”. Martyred was the former president of BSO-Azad Noshki Zone. Three years ago, he was termed as outlaw and criminal then martyred left urbanized life to mountain on the source of his ideological ripeness. He was very nimble, sharp-witted, sincere and confident. He was a very fast freedom lover. He aimed to counter the rival at any cost. He fought tooth and nail, at length spilt his blood for the freedom of Balochistan. Martyred was avid for shedding his blood in the interest of his disfranchised sisters, brothers and mothers.
Gone were the days, when martyred was in mountains, his mother was often using a word “Boro” for him. “Boro” is an attractive and polite word being used in Balochi language for love mean dear. This word is often used by sister for their brothers, and mother uses this word for their son. Coming back to the point, his mother would say “my Boro hasn’t taken dinner”. What would be my “Boro” doing this time, whether my “Boro” sleeps at night or not? These were few questions which were needed to be answered by his sons. One night all had slept, suddenly the corpse of martyred Haq Nawaz Baloch was brought to the resident. One of his brothers told his mother, that you were asking about your “Boro” every day this is your “Boro”. Your dear has been brought before you. The sudden bringing of dead body of martyred Haq Nawaz Baloch further injured the feelings of his mother. His mother fainted in the spot.
She couldn’t tolerate to see his Boro on this ghastly condition. It was really vitriolic news for everyone in Noshki even for all Balochs. After three days of his martyrdom, I saw his downloaded pictures from internet, dropped tears from my eyes. I became awfully dole sane. Because it was his age of enjoying I recalled his oft-quoted tell “everyone should struggle for the emancipation of his motherland to the level of his/her potency”. Martyred was buried in his native graveyard, two flags of Balochistan were hoisted by his grave, and one flag was spread on his grave. After few days, forces had come, cordoned off the graveyard area, even cordoned off Badini Killi from all sides. According to the villager that forces had burnt the flags of his organization.
Bolan Voice Report
The central cabinet members of Baloch Solidity (Yekjahti) council have been elected coincidently. On the occasion party released a statement and through it showed determination for struggle and coordination with those factions which are already engaged for independency of Baloch Nation. Since Mehrab Khan’s era Baloch Nation has been dividing in fractions and it is happening merely gain of leadership, and this witnessed as detrimental for nation. The opportunist and occupant cashed these flaws in their favor.
The Baloch movement has spanned from childish level to conscious, hence pro-independent forces have to come on united and single platform and demonstrate as realistic. The Baloch politician who resigned on occasion of Akbar Khan Bugti martyrdom, it is bizarre what have allured them that now they are running behind seats of Islamabad, and they are intended to use Baloch martyrs as bridge to reach parliament. They are doing so mere individuals interests and are putting behind nation’s collective benefits. These elements if can’t be like Fidal Castro and Mherab Khan, at least be like Gandhi and include their name on pages of Baloch history.
Presently, United Nation can emancipate to Baloch from international terrorism by imitating the models of Libya, Syria, because China and Iran are aide to occupant and they are violating international laws.
It is natural phenomenon that increase of coerce will parallel escalates and strengthens the spirit of liberation, too. Same formula is getting applied on Baloch and aversion by violence is causing energetic to movement as the occupant has been declaring it mischievous of few estrange Baloch, but today movement has jammed the industries of occupant which refutes their statement. Baloch solidarity council declared harmful to short sighted politics and anti Baloch policies.
Newly elected for the Organizational office holders name are as:
Whaab Baloch, Central Chairman
Advocate Umar Baloch, Vice Chairman
Agha Ashraf Dilsoze Baloch, Secretary General
Abdul Baqi Rashani, Senior Joint Secretary
M. Atique Baloch, Junior Joint Secretary
Sher Jan Baloch, Finance Secretary
Zahid Bugti, Secretary Information
Haibetan Marri, Cultural Secretary
Dr. Sattar Baloch, Secretary for Labor, Fishery, Former.
Central Committee members are as:
Umar Ali Baloch, Mohammad Ali Baloch, Irfan Baloch, Sher Jan Baloch, Abdul Shakoor Baloch, Baba Baloch, Noor Hussain Baloch, Ismail Baloch, Jahangir Baloch, Noor Ahmed Baloch.
By Naveed Naik Sayyed, Kharan
Social, racial, tribal and castial classifications have been part of human history since the very first day. But as with the course of time in the societies, awareness and consciousness started to develop, these evils were utterly rooted out by a particular group of enlightened people. As the matter is not over yet while parts of the world still witness classification and our society is obviously one of those under spotlight with the worst type of all classifications.
Baloch by nature are extremely devoted to free-man idea. Neither like themselves to be dominated nor wanna like others to be under their domination. But as for we need to glance back at that side of unexposed historical scene when the concept of slavery began to flourish in our society. Looking back through past ages we find the foreign invaders as founder of slavery and then classification in our society. It was then, when one after another foreign invaders like the Alexander of Greek, the Alexander of Persia, the Ghaznavids, the Sasani, the Arabs, the Mongols, and specially above all the Britishers raided Baloch land, started oppression and ruling them considering slaves but we should say the oppressed indeed. They also opted their puppets in the guise of pseudo Nawabs, Sardars, Meer etc, instead of caring the demarcatic process of Jirgah or concerning the opinion of common people.
The obvious reason for the classification or slavery is the ultimate colonial policy of Divide and Rule by the imperial forces in our society. When eventually the foreigners had no way to continue the domination and it became inevitable for them to withdraw. They then left their figureheads to rule people. This way anyone related to the ruling class considered themselves superior to others.
Now after centuries we still can see the germs left by the foreigners and our people are divided into different classes, as the nonsense terms fixed for some castes like Naqeeb, Golaam, and etcetera.
Perhaps i ain’t wrong to declare that we haven’t yet touched the wave of enlightenment or either it is considered the matter of self dignity to deliberately accept the classification by some
pseudo-high-ranking castes and tribes. As like that of Arabian and Indian societies in past to protect their fake originality weren’t ready to lose their royalty and accept egalitarianism on the basis of racial, castial and social equality. Same is the case with our society presently.
Today when rest of the world having humanistic approach but we are the participants in a contest, conducting competition of castial and tribal ranking and classification. We find it quite boastful to proud on our castes and tribes and are very keen to have wall-chalking describing ur tribal status with snootily words like Fakhr-e-Jellani, Farkhr-e-Essazi et cetera. It is carried in such a way like intending to violate the respect and dignity of others around.
This snobbish stance had mutilated the positiveness of our society. People are enwreathing by every fossil standpoint like superiority and inferiority.
How sad is that when some people in our society are considered inferior and socially degraded. And those underestimated individuals planted in their minds a sense of inferiority complex and regard other subconsciously superior to themselves just simply handing over their self-will and freedom in the hands of so-called superior class and this way become slaves and overlook their own existence.
This is what regretfully the gloomy picture of our society where people are bewildered to seek their social status despite living in a religious society and even if we see Islam is totally against classification and yet Quran says “All men are equal except Taqwa.”
Along with a Hadith describing regarding, “All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over a Non-Arab nor does a Non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab. Also a white has no superiority over a black nor does a black have any superiority over white except by piety and good action.”
Something like classification, the sense of inferiority complex, underestimation, and social degradation are the obvious factors to kill the talent, creativity and badly affect the positive production of a society in large and devoid those particularly victimized classes from social status.
On what basis any family, tribe, caste or community claim themselves superior in blood, status, value, or race? What traits, attributes, characteristics, or qualities distinguish them superior to others or what ills shortcomings, defects viles, evils and foules differentiate anyone inferior to others?
What the hell this concept refers to actually, we could find no meaningful answer so for…
Writer can be approached on facebook https://m.facebook.com/naveed.s.naik?refid=17
Shireen Hashim, Turbat
Terrorism, actually, refers to the acts which are intended to create fear. This assertion, if elaborated, can conclude to a popular perspective that terrorism is a violent act perpetrated for religious, political or dialogical target. The acts are considered unlawful violence and war.
Truthfully, the word “terrorism” is politically and emotionally charged, and it creates giant difficulty of providing a precise. Terrorism had been practiced by a broad array of political organizations for their objective, which had been practiced by right-wing and left-wing parties, religious group, revolution arises, and by ruling governments.
The term, “terrorism” originally was used by the French government during the Reign of terror, which was derived from the Latin verb ‘terror’ meaning ‘frighten’. The term was imposed by the Jacobin (member of radical movement) during the French Revolution, but after the Jacobins lost power, the word ‘terrorist’ became a term of abuse although it originally referred to the acts govt.
In November, 2004, a UN general Secretary report described terrorism as any act ‘intended to cause death or harm to civilians or no-combatant with the purpose of intimidations a population or a government, or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act.
The giant hazard of the terrorism prompted the people to penetrate the causes of the formidable issue which is a catalyst in the world. The penetration reveals that it is an aftermath of social and political injustice; people opt terrorism when they are trying to right what perceive to be a social or political or historical wrong, when they have been stripped of their land or right.
Many terrorists, in history, said sincerely that they chose violence after long deliberation, because they felt they had no choice. The causes of terrorism further include nationalism, religious reasons. History reviews that terrorism as an outcome of nationalism, such as the Boudicca, who the Romans views a terrorist as the assassination of a famous person. Additionally, whenever the religious freedoms are violated, the religious groups often resort to use terror tactic to try and address the issues; such as the Uyghur Separatist Movement, who responded to the suppression of their religion by the Chinese authorities by launching a bombing campaign, and the Al-Qaeda, who blamed the western for the decline of Islamic states and many more, which includes IRA, Hezbollah, etc.
Since the causes of terrorism are immense and also refer to human attributes; psychological cause of terrorism has been the topic of the interest for the researchers. They tried to create psychological profiles of the terrorist, which has been an uphill task, as long as the availability of terrorists for the psychological examination was scare.
However, apart from the hurdles, the researchers somehow succeeded to find out the psychological reasons of terrorism, which includes researches of Jeff victor off, a professor in the department of Neurology and psychiatry at the unity of southern California.
The summary of the research on 908 left-wing and right-wing terrorists in Italy reveals they are ambivalence towards authority with the possession of a defective insight, and emotion detachment from the consequences of their actions.
Furthermore, in 1983 a West German Interior Ministry studied the psychological factors responsible for terrorism which included 227 left-wing terrorists and 23 right-wing extremists. The research concluded that 25% of leftists had lost their parents by the age of 14, 33%reported severe conflict with parents, and 33% had a history of Juvenile court of conviction.
The psychological causes of terrorism also include Narcissistic rage, which is assumed to be existing in terrorists, because of the imperfect psychological development in childhood. It is a rage in which people experience them as all powerful. If they don’t have the opportunity to test their power, in reality, as they grow up, they don’t learn the limits of their control over events, and don’t learn how to live normally among other people.
By Nagina Hamza Bolani, Turbat
There have been many explanations put forward for the collapse of civilization. “The decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the cause of the destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident had removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight.
The story of the ruin is simple and obvious; and instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed, we should rather be surprised that it has subsisted for so long. Jeffrey A. McNeely has recently suggested that “A review of historical evidence shows that past civilizations have tended to over-exploit their forests, and that such abuse of important resources has been a significant factor in the decline of the over-exploiting society.” Peter Heather argues in his book The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians HYPERLINK \l “cite_note-20”  that this civilization did not end for moral or economic reasons, but because centuries of contact with barbarians across the frontier generated its own nemesis by making them a much more sophisticated and dangerous adversary.
The fact that Rome needed to generate ever greater revenues to equip and re-equip armies that were for the first time repeatedly defeated in the field, led to the dismemberment of the Empire. Although this argument is specific to Rome, it can also be applied to the Asiatic Empire of the Egyptians, to the Han and Tang dynasties of China, to the Muslim Abbasid Caliphate, and others. Bryan Ward-Perkins, in his book The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization HYPERLINK \l “cite _note-21” shows the real horrors associated with the collapse of a civilization for the people who suffer its effects, unlike many revisionist historians who downplay this.
The collapse of complex society meant that even basic plumbing disappeared from the continent for 1,000 years. Similar Dark Age collapses are seen with the Late Bronze Age collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean, the collapse of the Maya, on Easter Island and elsewhere. Arthur Demarest argues in Ancient Maya: The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization HYPERLINK \l “cite_note-22” using a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, pale ecology, and epigraphy, that no one explanation is sufficient but that a series of erratic, complex events, including loss of soil fertility, drought and rising levels of internal and external violence led to the disintegration of the courts of Mayan kingdoms which began a spiral of decline and decay. He argues that the collapse of the Maya has lessons for civilization today.
Thomas Homer-Dixon in “The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity, and the Renewal of Civilization”, considers that the fall in the energy return on investments; the energy expended to energy yield ratio, is central to limiting the survival of civilizations.
The degree of social complexity is associated strongly, he suggests, with the amount of disposable energy environmental, economic and technological systems allow. When this amount decreases civilizations either has to access new energy sources or they will collapse. Peter Turchin in his Historical Dynamics and Andrey Korotayev et al. in their Introduction to Social Macro dynamics, Secular Cycles, and Millennial Trends suggest a number of mathematical models describing collapse of agrarian civilizations. For example, the basic logic of Turchin’s “fiscal-demographic” model can be outlined as follows: during the initial phase of a socio demographic cycle we observe relatively high levels of per capita production and consumption, which leads not only to relatively high population growth rates, but also to relatively high rates of surplus production. As a result, during this phase the population can afford to pay taxes without great problems, the taxes are quite easily collectible, and the population growth is accompanied by the growth of state revenues. During the intermediate phase, the increasing overpopulation leads to the decrease of per capita production and consumption levels, it becomes more and more difficult to collect taxes, and state revenues stop growing, whereas the state expenditures grow due to the growth of the population controlled by the state. As a result, during this phase the state starts experiencing considerable fiscal problems. During the final pre-collapse phases the overpopulation leads to further decrease of per capita production, the surplus production further decreases, state revenues shrink, but the state needs more and more resources to control the growing (though with lower and lower rates) population. Eventually this leads to famines, epidemics, state breakdown, and demographic and civilization collapse (Peter Turchin.
Civilization has been criticized from a variety of viewpoints and for a variety of reasons. Some critics have objected to all aspects of civilization; others have argued that civilization brings a mixture of good and bad effects.
Some environmentalists like Derrick Jensen HYPERLINK \l “cite_note-24” criticize civilizations for their exploitation of the environment. Richard Hienberg argues that through intensive agriculture and urban growth, civilizations tend to destroy natural settings and habitats, and deplete the resources on which it depends. This is sometimes referred to as “dominator culture”. Proponents of this view believe that traditional societies live in greater harmony with nature than civilizations; people work with nature rather than try to subdue it. The sustainable living movement is a push from some members of civilization to regain that harmony with nature.
Primitivism is a modern philosophy totally opposed to civilization. Primitivists accuse civilizations of restricting human potential, oppressing the weak, and damaging the environment. They wish to return to a more primitive way of life which they consider to be in the best interests of both nature and human beings. Leading proponents are John
Zerzan and Derrick Jensen, whereas a critic is Roger Sandall.
However, not all critics of past and present civilization believe that a primitive way of life is better. Some have argued that many negative aspects of current ‘civilized’ nations can be overcome. Karl Marx, for instance, argued that the beginning of civilization was the beginning of oppression and exploitation, but also believed that these things would eventually be overcome and communism would be established throughout the world. He envisioned communism not as a return to any sort of idyllic past, but as a new stage of civilization. Conflict theory in the social sciences also views the present form of civilization as being based on the domination of some people by others, but does not judge the issue morally.
Given the current problems with the sustainability of industrial civilization, some, like Derrick Jensen, who posits civilization to be inherently unsustainable, argue that we need to develop a social form of “post-civilization” as different from civilization as the latter was with pre-civilized peoples.
How much repulsive the surrounding of environment is
Without some one’s considerations and presence
Whose supervision, guidance and instruction
Often usher us to an appropriate destination
Towards wavering light and achieving a triumph
In darkness since the initiatives of exploitation
In what conditions of discrimination and disintegration
The entire nation was without the prestigious brain drains
Consent to yours consciences glimpse at the past
Let you bear in mind the most illustrious personalities
Occasionally tried their utmost to light the diffused ways
But have been kept in a range of conspiracy
Deliberately deserted the chunk of people
Treated them as if they are not from human beings
Still they didn’t lay down their arms stood steadfastly
Proceeding with a successful move towards the destination
That is the future of young generation
That is the pledged accomplishment
Coming very nearer in upcoming days
By; aziz ejaz
By Haroon Karim
Education is the Formal process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated Knowledge, skills and rules from one generation to another. Balochistan, which is the neglected province of Pakistan, faces several major problems for education. Since Balochistan has been a part of the establishment, only shallow glances have been given over the education of the province.
The province has low literacy rate with low income of budget, lack of schools buildings. It suffers from, paucity of trained teachers and very poor arrangement of Govt or political parties for the elementary education.
Balochistan, which is the poorest province of Pakistan, is preserving lowest ratio of literacy country wide. Its education sector budget of 2012-13, is only 12% of total budget.
Undoubtedly, the province also has the smallest number of education institutions. The number of inter colleges for male are (40) and for female are (22). The number of degree colleges for male is (24) for female (11). Overall the numbers of colleges in Balochistan are 97. There are 665 high schools, 487 for male and 178 for female. It’s a fact that among 665 high schools more than 300 schools teachers are not trained and more than 150 high schools teachers are out of in schools. And near about 130 schools suffer from paucity of staffs.
Moreover, today in remote areas of Balochistan, you can not find school buildings, particularly in Dera Bugti and Bolan side where we can’t find any ratio of education. Others rural areas mostly many children end their education after passing primary education. And what they can do, for the elementary education they face difficult challenges then what about higher education.
It is shocking that in 21st century still we suffer in deprivation of education. A saga said “if someone wants to destroy an entire nation, so never demolish by weapons but keep nation uneducated it will get ruined” the same process is being applied in Balochistan. People must be educated but not to be blind.
In addition, how can this nation progress when it has more check posts than Government high schools, more garrisons than universities and more funds for extermination rather than training? Neither Government nor political parties tried to plan for the elementary education and responsible for the outdated education in the province. Because it focuses more on the resources of the province than the education. So, this is the frustration that the education of the province has been kept one side, and they did just for their own demands. It is the humble request to the authorities to bring compulsory education in the province.
Bolan Voice Report
Unicef awarded journalist with their certificates and cash prizes regarding their utmost services against the polio virus in Balochistan .
UNICEF in collaboration with director general of public relation (DPR) government of Balochistan organized best photo feature column and video report contest s to submit their pieces of work with the panel comprising health experts, UNICEF and DPR officials.
Journalist from across the province participated by sending selective photos, features, columns and videos in the competition.
After through deliberation and scrutiny of the stuff, the winners of all the categories were announced by the panel during a ceremony chaired by the Caretaker Chief Minister Balochistan Nawab Ghous Bux barozai at Serena Hotel.
Secretary information Qamar Masood Commissioner Quetta, Usman Gul, Dupety Commsssoner Mansoor Kakar ,Director General DPR Kamran Asad and representatives o f UNICEF Ms. Masooma Qurban and media experts were also present.
According to the decision of panel, Irfan Baig, clinched first position in Urdu feature writing, and column category and Irshad Mastohi second and Rafiq Mandohkail third. Ahmed khan was declared first in type of English feature, Abdul Shakoor second and Zafar Baloch stood third.
In video category, Seema Kanwal got first position, Jala Noorzai won second position, Sadia was declared third while first position in the type of photo went Mateeullah Achakzi.
Naseer Ahmed clinched second and Muhammad Naseer got third position. Ghous Bux Barozai gave away certificates to the winners.
By Shahzad Baloch
An Indian Movie reflects dynamics of Moist Movement of Naxalate. This movement got birth in aversion of unjust system of capitalism and globalization catalyzed more its growth. The Moist Movement apprising on poor but mostly peasant or farmer, a great number of Industrial worker and other labor are including in it. It can be declared modern proletariat or other labors movement against capitalism. A village ‘Naxal Vari’ in Bengal is gushing point of this movement and now it has spread in many states of India and Nepal. It is certain that it will expand in neighboring countries.
In this movie the life style and thoughts of revolutionaries are represented by pictures. The motive and justified norms are shown in picture. The induction of guerillas and perspective of this hardy and full with barb life have been mentioned. Where a girl (acting as Johi) due to usury lost her sisters and state corrupt system ironically to soothe her the glutton and philander policemen against lodging FIR says for her sexual exploitation which turns her life into a revolutionary comrade. Before this she was a simple or grinded in poverty girl living with aspiration for being a doctor.
Johi is very merciless for traitors and spies but contradictory, she loves the villagers and oppressed people too much. Once she got trapped by state police and she had potency to combat with belligerent but police uses women and children as shield, so Johi captuale and presents herself for arrest merely in the sake of villagers lives. She knew better that police what will do with her, because she already had killed 49 policemen and wanted to state as being high rank commander of her armed organization. Regardless all consequences, she prefered innocent villagers lives and face humiliation being raped and severely torture. Comrade Kabir by chasing police reaches her whereabout but it is late, she has lost her modesty by nero police officer. Kabir makes free to Johi by the help of other comrades, kills all policemen deployed at picket, destroys picket premises by explosive and arrested that offender police officer.
Kabir is character who has been brought by police officer Adil, who is an icon, came Nandigarh the stronghold of Naxalates or Moist. This irrationally and illogically is working for state; even he knows better that state institutes, its policies are devastative for Nadigarh indigenous people. S.P Adil fights against righteous revolutionaries but Moist improved and justice based organization is insuperable for him. Consequently, he adopts several maneuvers and one of those is use of his friend Kabir, he is upright person and couldn’t get adjusted in life because of straight forward characteristic. They both blue print for penetration in Moist Movements.
Police officer Adil gets succeeded to insert Kabir in guerillas rows. Kabir is shrewd person due to congience-valuable and technical professioncy inspires comrades and wins trust, too. In fact Kabir is a informer for S.P Adil, and by information of Kabir he inflects Moist Movement in irreparable deficits as fatal and financially. But when Kabir spends an ample among revolutionaries and observes the attitude of guerillas and knows the reality and truth, hence he couldn’t stand the changing his mind. And he becomes true revolutionary and relinquishes the spoinage which causes split even enmity between both friends.
Kabir fights pitilessly with state forces and hangs the offender police at main square who rapped Johi and claims for killing him as Comrade Azad the dubbed by organization. He also abducts a big tycoon’s son and puts condition the handing over to Comrade Rajan a high profile commander of Moist organization. The foreigner investor presses hard to police with other ministers for recovery of his son at any cost. The authorities have to bow in front of capitalist investors, and they handover comrade Rajan to comrade Azad against tycoon’s son. This activity provokes Adil and starts thinking how to eliminate his past friend and present worst enemy Kabir means Comrade Azad.
Eventually, S.P Adil thought a plan and called a reporter of newspaper which is read by most. He narrated the entire story about Comrade and also published a snap showing both Kabir and Adil smiling and glade. Because he knew Moist court proceeds very strictly and panelizes ruthlessly to culprits, especially spies. Moists know about Comrade Azad and bring to him before his guerilla leaders that he was a informer but conduct and program of comrade inspired him and his heart has vexed, now he is true emancipator of these people, and is staunch antagonistic of capitalist system. By now he is ready to sacrifice his life for prevalence of their social order allover and want to liberate villager from foreign and local loan sharks. The Moist court pardoned him in the perspectives of his feats which he made during passed time by his valiant against state forces.
Before, court adjourn state security forces in command of S.P Adil onslaught their camp and they got united for encounter. When they move then belligerent traces their movement because they have fixed a device in the body of wounded comrade Rajan. Comrade Azad guesses trick and takes out that device from the body of Rajan was operated torsue. He tells his comrades that with that device goes opposite to mislead forces and provide way to Moist fighters for escape, but Johi she falls in love with him also accompanied. They fight with forces and Johi gets hit by a bullet of rival and gets wounded seriously. Comrade picks Johi on his shoulder, he himself is also injured by bullets of forces, runs to escape but Johi succumbs by her wounds. Forces surround close to comrade Azad, at that time S.P Adil cries for surrender to comrade but he tries to pick his gun and women personnel of forces hits to Azad with gun, he embraces martyrdom.
The film story clearly proves righteous to Moist or Naxalates and totally shows wrongful to Government of India and capitalistic system. In fact this system has sucked blood of humans pitilessly and now accomplished it physical age, too. It is on verge of collapse but by injustice and base of coerces, it is running. The rise of truth and call of humanity is socialism and Moist forces in India Baloch forces in Balochistan. Kurdish movement in Turkey and Iraq, communist in Philippine and each corner of world isn’t lacking revolutionary movements. Only need coordination to change world in paradise for human. Presently, it is hell for poor except handful people in shape of Multinational Companies.
In movie it is entailed, the state forces due to their barbarities has frightened the villagers. They rob poor and torture inhumanity. Contradict to this Moist revolutionaries help deprived and grinded in cruelty grinder people. They celebrate and make fun with them to share pain and joy. It is alike because Moists are among of them and paying sacrifices of lives for them.
The “Chakarvyuh” is movie but not real, even it reflects the life style of guerillas, their accustom of study and research, philosophy to apprehend this universe substances on rational base, utilize nature bestowments for human and make human free form prejudices of religious race, territarian belonging and so on. Create a smooth and parity based society where find prosperity, joy glade, enjoyment from nature.
By Mahnoor Hoth Baloch, Turbat
It is one of the hot button issue, which not only Jeopardized our government but also endangered every institution of third world countries such as’ India, Pakistan, Bangladesh in South Asia, Congo, Sudan and Egypt in Africa, Iraq, Yemen, Libya in middle east.
Hence, the menace of corruption has spread like a chronic disease in every not and corner of the world. Therefore, this means of corruption has to be wield with an iron first before it germinates its roots further in the body politics of our country.
However, corruption means inducement by improper means by violates duty. It is destroying someone’s honesty or loyalty. Moreover, corruption has acquired epidemic proportions in a vast number of countries. Civil society is carousing to address the issue in many places. No government organization such as transparency international provides websites full of information on cross country corruption indices.
Patently, the menace of corruption which is spreading like a chronic disease has paralyzed every institutions and industries of third world countries. It is negatively associated with developmental objects everywhere opportunistic bureaucrats and politicians who try to maximize their take without regard for impact of such perdition. The menace of corruption has destroyed every institution of the world, particularly, third world countries. Corruption has topped much democratic government in the past. It has dismantled the long lasting regime of Zain-ul-aahidin bin Ali Tunisia, Ali Abdullah Salehi of Yemen, Husn-e-Mubarik of Egypt and Moammar Qadhifi of Libya. Hence, corruption influenced everywhere.
According to a survey released by Berlin-based Transparency international last year in the Nepalese Capital Kathmandu showed corruption has become so, endemic that the region is second only to Sub-Soharan Africa as the corruption hot spot of the world. The survey, entitled “Daily lives and corruption public opinion in south Asia” found 62 percent of the south Asians believed that corruption has got worse over the past three years. Therefore, the Asian development Bank said, corruption and lack of government accountability were the greatest buriers to Asia the becoming the world’s wealthiest region by 2050. Hence, it is corruption which is the main hurdles in the development and progress of a country. International Organization can play a vital role to control corruption. They can order various institutional initiatives to address the problem such as, granting of subsides, soft credits, tax exemption and inflated pensions and allowing of tax evasion, implementation of price control.
Strengthen institution and emancipate them form mal-practice such as corruption, subversion, bribery, dishonesty, nepotism and injustice.
Moreover, a clear signal from international community would be sent if it withdrew financial support from egregiously corrupt countries, pressures could also be brought to bear by pulling out from corrupt industries. Corruption is a specific industry often relates to rules that inhibit completion in state dominated sectors. It results from practices that obscure procurement procedures.
Therefore, it is the time of real change; let’s fight a war against corruption. Let’s hold our hands together and say not to corruption. Let’s root out corruption from every nock and comer of our institutions and emancipate them from mal-practice activities such as inequity, immorality, injustice and unfairness, than we can called a great entity in the comity of nation.
The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.
Continued from previous…..
The Baloch are mentioned both in mythological and historical parts of the Shahnamah. In the mythological part of the Shahnamah the Baloch make their appearance as gallant warriors forming a part of the army of Kai Kawos, also known as “Kai Khosrow”. The King’s son kown as Siawosh in Shahnamah commanded this army. Siawosh was directed to wage a war against Afrasiab, the king of Turan, who was an enemy of Iran. The army formations, composed of different tribes, were presented to Kai Kawos for inspection; and each contingent acted under its own leader. The Shahnamah comments: “After the Gustham came Ashkesh. His army was from the wanderers of the “Koch and Baloch”, intent on war with exalted “cock-combs”, whose back none in the world ever saw, nor was one of their fingers bare of armour. His banner (i.e. the banner of the Baloch contingent under Ashkesh) bore the figure of tiger. Shahnamah tells us about Kai Kawos’s expeditions both to central Balochistan (Turan), and Southern Balochistan (Makkoran). In the Makkoran expedition, according to Shahnamah the King of Makkoran was killed and his country was occupied. Ferdowsi also mentions that the King Kai Kawos ordered his Baloch forces, headed by General Ashkesh, to remain in Makkoran. The Shahnmah says: “Be Ashkesh be farmood tab a sepah. Be Makran be bashadh yeki chand gah” (He [Kai Kawos] ordered Ashkesh [his Baloch commander] to remain in Makkoran for sometime).
Why did the king, Kai Kawos order his Baloch forces, to stay in Makkoran? Even though the probability of an accidental event cannot be discarded, it is more plausible that Makkoran was already a Baloch populated region. In such a case, no doubt, a Baloch force might have been more effective to establish peace in a Baloch-inhabited, far-flung county. Azim Shahbakhsh, a history lecturer in Balochistan University, believes that the Baloch commander, Ashkesh played a key role in the pacifying of Makkoran after tis occupation by Kai Khosrow. However, relying on the Shahnmah, the first Baloch contact into central Balochistan and Makkoran, was established during the reign of the Kai Khosrow, in the early 6th century BC.
It should be added that, apart from its mythological part, the Shahnamab informs us about the Baloch in its historical part, during the Sasanid dynasty. The Sasanid king Ardshir and Khusrow I Anushervan fought the Baloch and that the Baloch several others Sasanid kings. A 17th century historian, Akhund Saleh, in his book Kur-Gal-Namak, cites the massacre of the Mazdakis (a Zoroastrian sect) in the reign of Anushervan, the anti-Mazdaki King of Sasanid dynasty. According to Akhund, among the massacred followers of Mazdak, two hundred thousand were Baloches. The survivors of this massacre, as mentioned by Akhund fled to Turan (Balochistan) and Sindh. It has also been argued that the Baloch left traces of their language in the oases of the central deserts of the Iranian plateau as the migrated south. There is no other evidence that could be used either to date or to confirm the theory of a southward migration by the Baloch. It is important to note, however, that there are still Baloch living in eastern Kerman province.
When and why did the Baloch migrate eastward? Evidence about this migration is also limited. The main sources of our information are of two major types: the corpus of traditional Balochi poetry, known as Daptar-eshair, and the later Mughal histories. According to the written records, up to the late 10th century AD the Baloch or Koch-o-Baloch inhabited the western and northern areas of Kerman, Sistan and Makkoran. Their migration eastward may have been the result of pressure, first from Muslim rulers, then from the Seljuk invasion in the 11th century and the devastating inroads later by Genghis Khan. By the 14th century, the Baloch were settled in central Balochistan up to the Jhalawan hills. Their further migration to the Indus valley took place at a later date. In the early 13th century, the Baloch formed the bulk of the population in the region north of Heart in the 13th and 14th centuries were friendly with the Kurt ruler of the area.
The oldest and most important ballad, the Daptar, probably from the 12th century, states that the Baloch and the Kurd were kindred branches of a tribe that migrated eastward from Aleppo (Syria). But in this ballad, the cause of migration is stated to be their fight with Yazid, as the Baloch by their own account were the followers of Caliph Ali, father of Imam Hossein. After the martyrdom of Imam Hossein at Kerbala in 680 AD, the Baloch for fear of being persecuted by the army of Yazid had to migrate eastward. The Daptar tells of the arrival of the Baloch in Sistan and of the hospitality of a king named Shams-al-Din. After a time, another ruler called Badr-al-Din, persecuted them and drove them away. Furthermore, the Daptar, informs us about the forced migration of 44 Baloch tribes southward from Sistan to Makkoran, under the leadership of Mir Jalal Han. Relying on Daptar, Longworth Dames believes that the lifetime of the legendary ancestor of the Baloch, Mir Jalal Han, falls in the eleventh and the twelfth centuries.
The belief, however, prevails among all the Baloch tribes that they came from Aleppo, through Iran to Makkoran, whence they again moved eastward and extended along the Indus valley in Kalat. “The Baluch”, states Inayatullah Baloch, “differ from their neighbours not only in their language, literature, religion, and feelings, but also in their traditions and habits”. The Baloch, he says, presents a strong contrast to his Afghan neighbor. His build is shorter and he is more spare and wiry. He looks on courage as the highest virtue, and on hospitality as a sacred duty. Unlike the Afghan he is seldom a religious bigot and, as Sir Denzil Ibbeston, in mid-19th century described the Baloch, “he has less of God in his head, and less of the devil in his nature” Dr Jehanzeb Jamaldini a physician, is of the strong opinion that the Baloch are genetically different from the Punjabis and the Persians. He believes “the Baloch not only physically, but also biologically and mentally are unique.” Furthermore, Dr Jehanzeb points, “the Baloch have their own sets of values, which are quite different to rest of nations living in the region”.
The Baloch have their own national code of honour, which separates them from their neighbours. Inayatullah Baloch points to the importance of the Baloch national code of honour as a factor, which gives the Baloch a separate national identity. He points out that the most important part of the Baloch unwritten constitution is known as the “Balochmayar” (code of honour), which guides the Baloch national life. In many ways, the “Balochmayar” influences the life of the individuals and determines the future of Baloch society. These traditions are completely different from the traditions of the Muslim of the Indo-Pak subcontinent and from those of the Persians of Iran. Each person from his youth knows the Baloch traditions. The Baloch code of honour, as stated by Inayattullah Baloch, “is opposed to and contradicts state laws of Iran and Pakistan.”
Linguistically, beside the Baloch, the second important groups in Balochistan are the Brahui. Brahui traditions and war ballads regards the word Brahui as derived from the eponym of one of their forefathers, Braho, which is not an uncommon modification of the name of Brahim or Ibrahim. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, the origin of the Brahui is as much an enigma to the ethnologist as their language has been to the philologist. Different views are expressed about the origin of Brahuis. Khuda Bakhsh Marri hold the view: “The brohis were, it seems, one of the many early tribes of Baloches; and to this day, the Brohi speaking tribes in Balochistan claim to be Baloches. Most of them are bi-lingual, speaking both Balochi and Brohi. A close study of the Brohi language goes to show that about 75% or more words have been borrowed from Balochi. The remaining words must be of the language spoken since the ancient Dravidian rule of South Balochistan, which extended up to Moinjodaro in Sind.”
In Henry Pottinger’s opinion the Brahuis are of Tatar or Mughal origin. Mir Ahmed Yar Khan, the last Khan of Kalat argues that they are of Baloch stock. Based on linguistic evidence, however, a small group of scholars is of the view that the Brahuis belong to the Dravidian stock. Denys Bray considers that the Brahuis are of Dravidian origin. He perceived that the language spoken by the Brahuis is similar to the Dravidian language.
The Brahui are considered by some to be a stumbling block to Baloch nationalism because of their different language. The Pakistani governments, as the British before them, classified the Brahui as a separate ethnic group in order to thus weaken Baloch nationalism. But recent linguistic and anthropological researches have challenged this claim. According to linguist Carina Jahani of Uppsala University, ethnic affiliation is not as quickly changed as language; there is no necessary correspondence between regarding oneself as Baloch and using the Balochi language. Balochi gives way to Indian languages in the east and Persian in west, and some groups in those areas no longer speak Balochi though they maintain their Balochi identity. “Brahui tribes, in central Balochistan”, Jahani argues, “belong to this category which is bilingual in Brahui and Balochi. Similarly, Walker Connor even believes that cultural assimilation need not mean psychological assimilation.
Nina Swidler, an anthropologist who studied the Brahuis, stressed “many similarities in culture, traditions, and political organization”. She did not discover any difference between the Baloch and the Brahuis, apart from the language. Selig Harrison writes, “in terms of vocabulary… Brahui is merely a variant of Balochi”. In fact the existence of a few Dravidian words in Brahui cannot be made a reliable basis to advance the theory that the Brahuis are Dravidian. Possibly, during the Mauryan rule of Chandragputa (ca.323-297 B.C.) the Brahuis, who already occupied the Kalat plateau, had assimilated some words of the Dravidian language spoken in the adjoining areas of what is now Sindh and Punjab.
Since Brahui is categorized as a Dravidian language, a linguistic distinction is necessary. “However”, writes Harrison, “there is a continuing controversy over whether Brahui enthusiasts emphasis its special characteristics, while Baloch nationalists point out the fact that Brahui and Balochi are mutually intelligible and that Brahui has become increasingly indistinguishable from Baloch as a result of borrowings”. Another interesting element, which strengthens the cause of Baloch nationalism, is the bilingualism of the Brahuis. The majority of the Brahuis regarded Balochi as their second language. The royal family of Kalat, the Bizenjo-Sardar family and Bizenjos of Makkoran speak Balochi as their first language. Moreover, almost all the Brahui tribes in Iranian Balochistan speak only Balochi. It is interesting to note that many founders and prominent members of the Baloch national movement, like Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd, Mir Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo, and Agha Abdul Karim, are of Brahui origin. However, arguing on linguistic basis, Muhammad Sardar Khan Baluch, believes that the Brahuis are of Dravidian origin. In spite of his belief in the Dravidian origin of the Brahuis, Sardar Khan accepts that most of the Brahui population, as estimated by him in 1958, “less than quarter a million”, was racially Baloch.
The theory of the Indian or Dravidian origin of the Brahuis, according to Agha Naseer Khan Ahmadzai, was a British fabricated theory. To justify their occupation and legitimize their rule over Balochistan the British attempted to prove that the Brahui are racially and culturally Indians. If the Brahui proved to be Dravidian, they would culturally form a part of British India. However, Ahmadzai does not provide evidence to support his viewpoint. Similarly, the Vice Chancellor of Balochistan University, Professor Bahadur Khan Rodini, also rejected the Dravidian theory of the Brahuis. To control and govern the Baloch country, according to Professor Rodini, the British introduced the Brahuis as an Indian ethnic group. “Generating such theories was a part of the British divide and rule policy”, argued Professor Rodini.
(To be continued….)
By Pirah Mangi
Pakistan’s political history earned nothing new to be narrated but repetition of political realm of the military rule with its only new figures.
As people of Pakistan are clouted by the continual advent of military and sometimes dictatorial democracy; however, neither authoritarians have been able to learn from the past and nor people seem to understand the politics of exploitation and exploitation of political understanding in Pakistan.
The wounds of people over their body of history, resources, mind, hope, self-identity, and livelihood are made grave by the failure of Pakistan. As the recent, so called, democratic government earned the credit of making history for the first time elected government completed its five year government tenure (though the tenure did earn no worth credit of serving in the cause of national interests.) nevertheless no sooner has such snail democracy rendered the rising hope of establishing democratic government in future than the appearance of tyrant phase, of retired General Pervez Musharraf, was seen at Karachi Airport on 24th March, 2013 that collapsed the rising expectation of democracy and restored the fear of dictatorship once again in the country.
His return restored the wounds of disparagement of women of Pakistan when he, being head of the state, had spoken slightly of raped women in Pakistan as a load of piffle, during his chat with the Washington Post newspaper in 2005. His exact words were “you must understand the environment in Pakistan. This has become a money spinning concern. A lot of people say if you want to go to abroad and get a visa for Canada or citizenship and be a millionaire, get yourself raped.” Later he very naively denied he ever said it.
The retired General Pervez Musharraf turned back to his pavilion after 4 years self-imposed exile in London and Dubai. He had left the country in the great amount of fear in 2008 by resigning as President of Pakistan under the threat of impeachments against him
Though he had vowed on several occasions to return to Pakistan during his exiled life however, actually he had been looking for back-door for entrance to Pakistan in order to avert the threats of impeachments, and that back door revealed as a secret deal with Saudi Royal and Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N).
Saudi Royal helped Musharraf in refraining Nawaz Sharif from becoming an impediment in his return (as Musharraf ousted Sharif’s government and seized power in a bloodless coup) and later his another secret deal with establishment of Pakistan was guaranteed by granting him Protective Bail (for 15 days) in several cases by the Sindh High Court.
Judge Sajjad Ali Shah issued bail at Rs. 300,000 in the three outstanding cases; (i) failed to provide adequate security for former Prime Minister (Martyr Benazir Bhutto) (ii) charges with the murder of Akbar Bugti (iii) for sacking higher Judiciary in November 2007. (Dawn reports on 23rd March, 2013).
On the contrast, the Supreme Court of Pakistan had given it verdict against him; it had issued an arrest warrant against him and, moreover, had ordered to seize his plundered assets but neither of legal orders has been taken against him yet. It is all because Pervez Musharraf has had also stiff support from high military personnel.
Notwithstanding a series of legal cases, Musharraf is considered as most wanted in the murder of Akbar Bugti in 2006, in the assassination of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto on 27th December, 2007 and he is alone retired General, who is also hauled in high treason charge for ousting the higher judiciary in November, 2007. Thus he has earned eternal wrath of the people of Pakistan, especially in Balochistan and Sindh. Baloch people still feel the torment of their wounds regarding the great lose of freedom fighters and leadership.
It is on the record when ex-dictator Pervez Musharraf overtly claimed for the murder of Akbar Bugti. Though the Bugti’s murder culminated the Balochistan at boiling point and eventual virulent reaction broke out among Baloch people in Balochistan and such strong reaction perturbed Musharraf that was found in his, later, sweeping statements disclaiming for Bugti’s murder. He said Akbar Bugti was not killed in military operation but had died as the roof of cave collapsed during dialogue session.
While in his recent press conference, he was questioned if he apologizes for Bugti’s murder to soothe the Baloch people he replied “Akbar Khan Bugti had challenged the writ of the government and it was the government of the time and not the president which took action against him to restore the writ.” (The Frontier Post reports)
On the other hand, Aziz-ud-Din Ahmed, in his article “Musharraf’s U-turn”, published in Pakistan Today newspaper in March 16, 2012, says “Months before the orders to kill Akbar Bugti were issued, he (Musharraf) said the rebels that he claimed were led by Bugti, will not know what hit them. Suddenly early this week Musharraf claimed that Akbar Bugti was not murdered but had committed suicide.”
Such sweeping statements issued by dictator of that time have confuted the disclamation of his involvement in the Bugti’s murder and proved him as unreliable leader. Musharraf’s return is seen as another factor in widening the uncured wounds of Baloch people.
Not merely Balochistan but Sindh is still at the stake of vulnerability due to his ignorant and Sindh-dividing policies. The people of Sindh have been deprived of their resources and also are disparaged for the historic identity and in the Musharraf’s government the quest of development in (especially rural) Sindh was undermined; he was staunch supporter of MQM so he focused on the development projects in only Karachi and Hyderabad and handed over the control of local government to MQM. Besides this nationalist parties were threatened and many nationalist figures were kidnapped, tortured and killed (as happened in Balochistan) hence some see his tenure as brutal and tyrant period, in addition to it, a long series of bomb blast incidents in Karachi took place that had proved his failure to get stopped the frequent terrorist attacks.
His ostensible goal was to wage war on terror but his real purpose was to plunder the dollars which had been donated by US and World Community in the name of war against terrorism.
People of Sindh were suppressed by the oppressive internal policy of Musharraf towards Sindh, later the policy resulted in the major demographic changes in Karachi and Hyderabad, and the decision of erection of Kalabag Dam was imposed on the Sindhi people who were vehemently reluctant to the both issues.
Since Pakistan Peoples’ Party (PPP) has great majority in Sindh hence the assassination of former Prime Minister Mohtarma Benazir Benazir due to improper security (during the campaign for the general election in 2007) comes to the prominence in the obvious indignation with the deliberate ignorance of Musharraf over the issue of her security concern and gave another severe impetus to growing agitation against him as she was made feel daunted since the day on her return to Pakistan after a long period of exiled life when she along with her welcome huge rally was assaulted with a bomb blast on 18th October, 2007 resulted more than hundred causalities
In 2010 United Nations inquiry report into the murder of Martyr Benazir Bhutto accused General Retd. Pervez Musharraf’s government for not providing adequate security to the former Prime Minister. Furthermore, son of Ms. Bhutto and the Chairman of PPP Bilawal Bhutto clearly made Pervez Musharraf responsible for his mother’s assassination and called him “Murderer” of her mother.
As far as the matter of security is concerned Pervez Musharraf’s security on his return was tightly arranged while the Karachi Airport was heavily loaded with Special Service Group commandos who included two former Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) personnel in order to protect his life.
Meanwhile, Ahmed Raza Kasuri the senior Vice President of Musharraf’s All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) said that “as per the “Blue Book” security agencies were bound to provide security to a former Head of State.” (The Express Tribune reports on 24th March).
If it is so, then why was not the same ‘Blue Book’ considered to shield the Martyr Benazir Bhutto? Why did not Musharraf show his concern, being head of the state of the time, in order to provide her the heavy arrangement s of security to the twice former Prime Minister; the way he shows for his own security?
Musharraf is only former head of the state and retired General who has been enjoying the heavy arrangements of security provided by army and intelligence agencies. in addition, the news regarding the Pakistan Taliban released a video warning to target the former president, is observed, to have been got it prepared by the joint involvement of army, security agencies and Musharraf (himself) to dispel the allegations of his association with Taliban (in the so-called war on terror) during his tenure.
Nevertheless, such high security arrangements for the ex-dictator percolate the decision of Musharraf’s return was a political intrigue of army and Musharraf himself as an attempt to delay the election schedule on 11th May, 2013 thus the pungent of army intervention seems to be floating in the contemporary political atmosphere.
Apart from this, the intensity of anger among of Pakistan against ex-dictator was witnessed by the world media as well when his return failed to bear the fruit of peoples’ support; very small throng of people comprising of his party workers and some of those who were paid to join at the Karachi Airport; “only 1500 people reported to the Airport to greet him”. (British paper Guardian describes).
During an earlier press conference in Dubai, General Retd. Musharraf said “I have more followers on the Facebook than Imran Khan. I have more than 77000 friends on Facebook” such statement by a former head of the state and Chairman of APML can make laugh at his political sagacity and also proves that Musharraf has very little cognizance of the publicity and support from people of Pakistan.
At Karachi Airport, on his return, he addressed “I have been ordered by my people to come back and save our Pakistan, even at the risk of my life. My heart cries tears of blood when I see the state of the country today. I have come back for you; I want to restore the Pakistan I left.” His self-boasted statements made people recall the crucial days of his time when he employed the emergency in the country twice, the political and social life of the people were affected by fear and chaos throughout the country, and when people were perished in the regular suicide bomb blasts and drone attacks. He is the man of the Pakistan who showed his consensus over the drone attacks, and former ISI Chief Hameed Gul confirmed the news said that “former president Pervez Musharraf had made an agreement regarding drone attacks. Parliament should inform people about the secret agreement.”
Pervez Musharraf’s association with Taliban pervaded the Talibanization and Extremism in the country and still people are not out the woods of these curses.
His return restored the wounds of people whom he left in the lurch of political, social and economic crisis and he in order to get rid of impeachments, which are still against him, ran away to abroad.
His decision of return is proved to be altogether unsuccessful to muster the support from the people of Pakistan. He had political, social and economic wounds the nation and these wounds are still there, over the body of nation, by which nation suffers through thus his getting back to the country is seen to have been widening the irreparable wounds.
Writer is contributor to the magazine and can be reach:
By Imamdin Kandrani
Balochistan is lying at South Pole of Asia. Its important geographic location made it a “golden bug”. Deserts and mountains are filed with uncounted natural resources therefore it faces multiple problems.
The political history of Balochistan is purely showing selection for every government (coming and all the previous). From the beginning it has been a great ground for playing game for the politicians to get their benefits like seats, and occupying minerals and resources. Every government looted Balochistan and still looting it with both the hands, because their breeds are being buttered from both sides.
In general election of 2008, BNP Mengal, JWP, BRP and Pashtoon Khwa Milli Awami Party boycotted due to the situations of that time. Because Akbar Khan Bugti and Balach Marri were assassinated and at that time these above mentioned parties were the vital organs of Balochistan politics and other parties were excluded to be count but the establishment was enabled them to surpass in election.
All the people declared it that it was rigging election; even some cases of rigging were continued till 2012. The body of Balochistan government leveled her time and result is zero. However, once again ground of game is being decorated to play. General public and the mature people of Balochistan decided to refuse the elections. BNM and BRP have also boycotted the coming elections recently, grandson of Akbar Khan Bugti, Mr. Brahamdagh Bugti, obviously stated “we never take part in elections and will never accept the Pakistan domain on our land Balochistan”. He favored the movement of separation. Therefore, Chief of Army assured to election commission to support them in up-coming election.
Analyzing the current political scenario, every journalist can analysis the statement of Army Chief’s. It hits the Balochistan to vote, so once again army will be used to fill the ballet boxes to select the government of Balochistan.
Nobody will be allowed to go in polling stations, expect Army and FC to support the group of pro-Pakistan is. So, finally it seems that Mengal will make the government of Balochistan and once again, this puppet government will level her duration.
After analyzing and carefully looking at overall statefobia. Because the puppet government will help the establishment to abduct the youth of Baloch to weaken ongoing succession movement and Baloch will be receiving the mutilated bodies. If now-a-days Akhter Mengal speaks about mutilated bodies, it’s his policy to gain vote and up his value but fact is this that Baloch have gone for away from the process of election.
The movement of isolation has been rapid and now it only needs to surpass not to emerge. Let’s note the coming bloody and veer of the cruel era’s that what happens, what goes, with remains to re-happen.
By Ahmed Khan
First time in history of Pakistan PPP has accomplished its tenure and transferred all offices to caretaker government voluntarily till elections. Up-coming election has been scheduled on 11th May 2013 for voting. Every election before its arrival brings a warmth wave among masses because curiosity and excitement but this times such activities are totally faint. The realistic are commenting that behind the tenure accomplishment there is not any competence or efficiency of people’s party, infect country masses got weary from these parties and system and Baluchistan’s people are peculiarly disgusted from this system.
In country, during last 65 years all parties and political thought of people were tested but none could console or cure masses. Eventually this state turned like hell for sensible citizen. Here army men, religious elements pseudo democrats like Bhuttos, their heirs also didn’t let any mitigation to oppressing common people of Pakistan. Bomb blasts, target killing, abduction for ransom become common and society is suffering from physical and psychological diseases and unable to sustain for any decision cogitatively it is also complicit that hastily and cursory measure ever comes disadvantageous instead of good.
The economical, educational, health and other sectors of life are deteriorated which never allow a common person to heed toward election. Here people are counting on fingers for their daily stuff to that they are unable to attain because of high level of inflation. In this hyped nervous situation it is understood people can never elect anyone fairly for their future.
Another reason for wearying is; the politicians have been tested by masses, none of them fairly operated state and couldn’t relieved public but each of them one and after increased predicaments. Consequently, except a layer, majority of people leading lives full with barbs. In these situations election are valueless for them.
The establishment and elites joined each other’s hands for governing and exploiting the region people and established political parties with various names and apparent features, like democrats, religious nationalists and so on. Such all mottos mean were to extort from the people and make heap of wealth and no one will ask how and where from this money you have accumulated. Resultantly, these politician and parliamentarian got shape of pharaohs; their parties are like business enterprises where life time chairman or owner only makes decisions. In business firm there are several posts, like staff manager, market officer etcetera but in meeting such post holder only can suggest or inform to proprietor and that only centralized power makes all decisions. Similarly, these parties are like business firms.
In Balochistan, Balochistan National Party (Mengal) was on boycott from parliamentarian elections but during previous month a media icon Hamid Mir went to AttaUllah Mengal (Life time chairman) for settlement, so matter were settled, hence no party worker or incumbent holder has courage to challenge or concern about decision of BNP-M proprietor announcement, mean participation in election. Same in PPP that any genius worker can’t up voice against chairmanship of party. It is out of question that anyone will be chairman of this party except Bhutto’s family.
Mean, here up till now democratic principles couldn’t thrive in parties, so what for election? Masses how pay attention to this media spectacle. Ongoing separatist movement in Balochistan also has threatened to hit the election campaign and participant, they don’t let for election in this region. These acts of insurgent groups have effected as fuel on fire and this aspect for faint election campaign also can’t be denied.
Surprisingly, it was witnessed on prince road at a stall when a private TV channel team was preparing a video report. That TV channel didn’t bring only cameramen and reporter but astonishingly they had buyer of badges, cap and other election display material. Their team was trained and smoothly made a shot that people are fervently buying election display items and seeming enthusiastic.
Media is presenting unreal picture about election in Pakistan, especially in Balochistan. The talk shows and other items are not approved by masses. Here it seems that up-coming elections are only media spectacle and nothing else. It is axiomatic that parties are like business firm and media is sub-branch of those firms or partner. Mostly politicians have news channels, newspaper etcetera, which are accessories to run business or more innovate it. Hence, these are pocket tool and making spectacle for their owners.
By Qasim Baloch
Exploitation prevailing in Balochistan has not a single factor but intermingled with many internal and external factors. It is not only the extreme centralized federation but also the bulling tribal system. The conceptual and as well the practical framework of tribal system is totally based on ascribed statuses, huge classified strata and feudalistic in nature.
Obviously, tribal system in Balochistan is much lucrative and considered a boon for a small group of people, these include tribal chiefs, namely Sardars, Nawabs, mirs, Maliks and Takaries. These have always relegated the common masses of Balocistan and have been players of exploitation, including federation, socially; politically and economically.
Tribal system has always deterred the common masses of Balochistan from participating in political and economical affairs. This exploitative system has been backed up by the religious institution, which is indeed another factor of exploitation, to install in the minds of people that the unequal distribution of wealth, huge class system and ascribed statuses are innate.
These profiteering groups, who are the receivers of the benefit of the system, are inclined to preserve it, so has to graft more and more. For this reason they are busy in executing plans to decouple the emerging poor and middle class political and educational activists who are prompting the explicated people to come out and defeat the closest bullying institution.
Tribal system is also a major hurdle in the way of Baloch freedom movement. The liberation movement in Balochistan is not merely to secure a piece of land but also institute equality, justice, harmony and religious tolerance; a secular setup.
But if one has a sane and astute assessment of the absence of above mentioned social significant processes, so it becomes obvious that tribal system has always shouldered other factors to deplete these processes.
The thing which has entangled these groups is the turnaround of poor and middle class who are now proceeding towards enlightenment and rejecting the false consciousness that the tribal chiefs and political elite are only the representatives of the poor Baloch masses.
The middle class rebellions and political advocated have come forward in shap of Dr. Allah Nazar, Zakir Majid, Bashir Zaib and no doubt some noteworthy personalities who sacrificed their lives such as Lala Munir, Chairman Ghulam Mohammad, Sher Mohammad Baloch, Sangat Sana Baloch and other unnumbered martyrs including the political activists of BSO(A), BNM and other political parties. These people have always defied the tribal system and considered it has tool of exploitation. Giving respect and honor to Khair bux Marri, Baramdagh Bugti, Hairbeyar Marri and martyred Akber Khan Bugti is not that they were tribal chiefs but for their political ideology, leadership and struggle for the emancipation from the so called federation.
By Yousaf Ajab Baloch
The independent faction Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) has been banned in Pakistan as per decision taken on March 15, 2013 by the interior department. The ban on Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) has become a questionable issue for the state that claims to be a democratic country, and it is being criticized by International community and Human Rights Organizations that how a political organization is included with religious terrorist organizations to be banned?
The Government of Pakistan on March 15, 2013, issued an order that defining 13 organizations as terrorist organizations in Pakistan as per the Sub Section-1 of Section-11(B) of the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997 (XXVII) of 1997 and 11-E of the same. The organizations include Tehrik-e-Taliban Mohmand (TTM), Tariq Geedar Group (TGG) Abdullah Azam Brigade,East Turkmenistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), Islamic Jehad Union (IJU) ,313 Brigade , Tehrik-e-Taliban Bajaur (TTB) ,Amar bil Maroof Wa Nahl Anil Munkir (Haji Namdar GP), United Baloch Army (UBA) Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) and Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM)
It is somewhat puzzling that Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) and Jeaye Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM), both the political organizations have been included in religious militant groups to be banned. Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) is a faction that is struggling in democratic way, through processions, strikes, charts and banners. The government alleges that Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) is linked with underground armed organizations, a banned militant organization that has been struggling for independent Balochistan.
If we go through the history of BSO, so it has its effective democratic influence in Baloch history. The BSO was founded on 26 November 1967, as a Baloch student organization to struggle for political maturity and educational development. Since its formation BSO has always been deliberately polarized where nationalist parties tried to use factions as their pocket groups.
The wing Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) has remained significant due to its decision to be independent Baloch Students Organization, because the BSO Azad has routes from BSO- Mothihida which was formed by Dr. Allah Nazar Baloch and Martyred Hameed Shaheen Baloch. Dr. Allah Nazar is the current guerilla leader of Baloch Liberation Front that also opposed to be pocket organization of Baloch nationalist parties.
In February, 2006, three separate wings of the organization BSO-Mutahida, headed by Dr.Imdad, BSO-(Aman) headed by Chairman Amanullah Baloch and BSO –Pijar headed by Asif Baloch were united and the single BSO was formed, that disassociated itself from any Baloch Nationalist party. However, Balochistan National Party (Mengal) and National Party (NP) did not favor the united Baloch Students Organization and they divided student into groups and named them as BSO (Muhdin) of BNP-Mengal and BSO –Pijar of National Party. But a large number of students who did not want to be part of any pocket organization of any political party, they named their platform as Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) and continued their struggle and openly became pro freedom students’ organization.
Since its formation the BSO Azad has been suffering from difficulties, till today more than hundred members of the organization have been killed, who were firstly abducted and later on killed and dumped, including their leaders Shafeeq Baloch, the joint secretary and Qayum Baloch the central committee members. Apart from this hundreds of the members are still missing who were abducted from different areas of Balochistan including high incumbent holder Zakir Majeed Baloch, the voice chairman of the organization. The organization alleges that secret agencies of state abduct and kill their members and leaders.
Since its formation till today Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) has proved itself a politically mature student’s organization. The Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) brought a new change and opposed not only to be any student wing of mainstream Baloch national parties but also works against feudalism and tribal system in Balochistan. It is the organization that encouraged female participation in politics and provided educated female the leading role in the organization. This is the organization known among regional and international intellectuals for social change harbinger in Baloch Society.
The Hong Kong based Asian Human Rights commission has criticized banning on Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) and marked it as Human Rights abuse. The organization in its report has alleged that banning of Jeaye Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM) and the Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) was an effort to mislead the international community and prove her loyalty toward the extremist Taliban. The AHRC report explains that both the Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) and the JSMM were secular organization working for the uplift of their oppressed nations – Sindh and Balochistan.
The Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) spokesperson in a press statement said “BSO is a student organization and its aim is to provide professional and educated cadres to those Baloch political parties those are struggling against the forced occupation of Balochistan.”
In short, banning Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) goes against the democratic ethics, if the government claims to be democratic and believes in the government of people so the Baloch Students Organization Azad (BSO-A) should have not been banned. Since in democracy, everyone including students and political organizations have right to function free and democratically; however, banning this organization endorse lack of democratic tolerance.
Baloch young people sacrificed their blood and they have watered the national movement
Interviewed by Namroz Badal
Advocate Kachkol Ali Baloch has been political worker and MPA on behalf of Nation Party. After assassination of Baloch Nationalist Leaders; Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, Sher Mohammad Baloch and Lala Munir he has adopted self-extradition in Norway. After departure from native land it has been felt a great change in his thoughts. Now he openly opposes his party and other parliamentarian Baloch Nationalist parties and declares them opportunists. He admires Baloch resisting groups and considers them genuine nationalist. Bolan Voice has exclusively interviewed him on a critical time to unfold Baloch political dimensions for readers on eve of elections. The interview of Advocate Kachol Ali Baloch is presented here.
(Blv stands for Bolan Voice and AKB stands for Advocate Kachol Ali Baloch)
Blv: Having experience of both international and national politics, how do you differentiate these?
AKB: For annescation Pakistani politics, all Baloch people are low privileged, and we (Baloch) are economy of Pakistan. We ever have resisted and from beginning the majority of us have not agreed to be party of Pakistan. The Pakistan invaded on our land and has forced to Baloch people. The Baloch people want to be freed from Pakistan and it is the aim and objective of Baloch Politics.
Blv: Why you fled after assassination of Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, Lala Munir and Sher Mohammad Baloch, even you could provide assistance to bring culprit to book?
AKB: I tried my best. I lodged FIR against Brigadier of ISI and mentioned his name in FIR. They threatened me that if did not withdraw from the FIR, they would eliminate me. I managed a press conference, I also gave statement, I discussed these things with bar, but I observed that they persuaded to eliminate me; therefore, due to threat of my life I traveled here Norway.
Blv: You have spent sufficient time in parliament and do you consider it panacea Baloch’s malady?
AKB: So far parliament is concern, being a political worker and an advocate I consider parliament a great platform, but so far Pakistani parliament is concern, it is tool in the hand of military. According to the book of Dr. Aysha Sidiqua, “Pakistani military corporate and dispels all the authorities, vote, parliament and all these sub-ordinates to military organization”. These all I have observed, parliament in Pakistan is by name but it has no authority. In European states people have authority but in Pakistan Mullah has authority. In Pakistan, both things are democracy and parliament but parliament is powerless for Baloch and it is not beneficial. If Baloch goes to parliament it means they have accepted state. The state is concern, so in past church was the authority in European countries, now in Pakistan the Mullah is authority, therefore, in Pakistan no need of democracy and parliament because including parliament other institutes are powerless and authorities are in the hand of security establishment. Therefore, for Baloch people it is better to give-up parliamentary politics as well as if we be part of the parliament it means we have accepted the state. Being a nationalist we have to resist and we have to not obey the constitution, laws, the policy of a state which is dominated us. The resistance against state is called nationalism; therefore, being nationalist we must not be part of Pakistani parliamentary system. The people who have participated in parliamentary system have wasted our time. The National Party is not a nationalist party in eyes of politicians. National Party was unable to get power of provincial autonomy from federation. And now there are movements which want to be freed from Pakistan and it is requirement of nationalism to be appropriate and independent to meet real nationalism. Now people are fighting for their rights. So far the parliamentarian parties are so called nationalist but not real nationalist.
Blv: What are your comments about Pak-Iran Gas-pipeline project?
AKB: Iran had gigantic genocide of Baloch people. It is also crime against humanity and international politics. Now feels the other states don’t sit idle. I would like all the Baloch have to convey a message to inter community that Baloch from the beginning have a state, culture, language, image, a background and law. We want to be freed from Pakistan, unfortunately, there are many political parties those are unfair with movement of BNF, BLA, BRP and other resisting groups which are very useful for Baloch. We should also agitate such things but there are some defects, because sometimes they also do wrong things which are also questionable in the eyes of international laws, kill the innocent person is not a good thing in the western countries I have observed there is strict commitment we should not killing the innocent people but we have some which are informers, they say it is right, but should not harm the innocent people.
Blv: What are your comments about Pak-Iran gas pipeline project?
AKB: When I was a political leader in Balochistan assembly, I raised case and submit a resolution against it, and adopted by Balochistan assembly that the gas pipeline from the Iran Pakistan has been lying on the land of Baloch people and they do not allow the bloody pipeline to be dug down in their land. It is an important issue for the Baloch people. But western countries especially America also not satisfied to allow Pakistan and Iran to complete their project in Balochistan. Western countries have sanction against the Iran to implement the gas pipeline project; Pakistan is maybe sanctioned from those country.
Blv: History teaches that China exploits small nationalities, similarly has looted Saindok project hence, takeover of Gwadar is beneficial for Baloch though your party leader supported it?
AKB: As far Baloch is concerned, Balochistan is colony of Pakistan and we have agitated in assembly, because Pakistan has full output of sustenance from Balochistan and it is 27% or 25% and rest is 75% given to China. It is the importance of Balochistan that Pakistan and China exploit it.
From the beginning we are not a nation because we are colony. I have also raised a statement which appeared in news papers .There is a gas pipeline that is not better for Baloch people because they are intended to keep engage Baloch, the so called leaders we should not hail this project. The resistant movement of BRP, BLA, BLF and other Baloch nationalist forces are the genuine parts of national movement. And by virtue of their sacrifices and their resistance, now the world community internationally recognized that Baloch have land resources and a background of their state they have had. We appreciate these resisting organizations by virtue of their sacrifice the international community ever recognized and I have also raised in Baloch Hall and Malik Siraj, Mehran Baloch and they also raised this thing in Geneva. Pakistan has miseries and has made agreement to the China of the Gwadar Port and Saindok project without consultation, of Baloch people. Therefore, it is the exploitation and Baloch people do not want China to become the power and be used in the hand of Pakistan and exploit the Baloch resources. This issue has been raised in Geneva before a weak.
Blv: For progress exoneration from religious mandatory, how Balochistan can be protected from immanent religious mess?
AKB: By birth Baloch people are secular and so far religion is concerned, we contently do not control the religion but critically we are secular and Baloch politics should not be mixed up with religion, we got a national state, where our nation will be secular and there must be democracy. So far religion is concerned, it is an individual phenomena, every religious should commemorate either it is christen, a Hindus, this is not the metaphysics.
Blv: Can Baloch get lucidity without having a national state while its land is divided in three countries?
AKB: it was a tragic by imperialist states, especially by great British but there is also tragedy but now people like to discuss disputes. That Iran has planned to rename the Balochistan and at the movement they want to divide the Baoch land and it is called cultural exploitation.
Iran agitates free changing the name of Baloch localities and now she has got to change the word Balochistan. But the Baloch people are in the National Assembly of Iran and they are also with their miseries missiles and they want to damage the Baloch culture. They don’t also allow the people name their children as what they wish. They are bounded to have their children according to the official discussed to attain their children name municipality.
It is the very dirty role which is being played by the Iranian state, and they are also “Shia” fundamentalist but do not like the Arab, Baloch and Krud, likewise others, the minorities have same positions in Pakistan. In Pakistan, Sunni are in majority and are also eliminating Christian and Shia Hazaras and other minorities, but the western countries of International community should understand the role of Pakistan and Sunni fundamentalists, they and also understand the role of Iran and a Shia fundamentalist state. Both are secular, nuclear capable states. There is no humanity and they are immorally ruling countries. We do not want to be economy of Iran and Pakistan therefore, it is a struggle that we have to be freed from Iran and Pakistan and this is our national right. Because we have a land of people and they have exploited and they have occupied it forcefully. It is according to the international law we have right to agitate and we should be a state, if we become a state and it would be a secular and there must be rule of law.
Q: How much severely, the Baloch is need of union in current situation?
AKB: As far unity is concerned there are differences politically and ideologically. One person considers or one party considers itself national state. They should also raise sense of nationalism among masses. Nationalism mean, you have to scarifies yourself for the sake of nation but To the background of our nationalist politicians have exploited the Nation in the same way of as a Mula exploits with the name of Islam to gain power. He is not religious person, but he observed and he understands that by the name of Islam he can reach the power.
Now the young generation and Babu Narouz, Akbar Khan Bugti Ghulam Mohd Baloch have also sacrificed them for the land. It is called Nationalism.
Baloch young people sacrificed their blood and they have watered the national movement it is called nationalism. We have to respect their blood and we should ignore the minor defects of that movement and it is also responsibility of the educated People that they have to free the people, they have to preach the people and there are our younger required toil day and night. It is not only duty of Qadeer and Kachkol and convinces them that what is happening with Baloch people, it is called the nationalism.
Blv: How did you feel the politics when you were one of the members of the provincial parliament?
AKB: The real question is that the party has offered me ticket when I was as a parliamentarian political worker. The parliamentary system, I know it makes the people opportunist and made and selfish, we should be freed from the parliamentary system. But majority of us have pressurized that is better for us, we have to participate in. I always tried that we should be a resisting movement and not to be part of government. When Musharraf was president of Pakistan I stated that our party should not be part and parcel of the government but they did not consider me. So far I’m concerned being a political worker I always try my level best to be a real nationalist
Blv: Can you briefly tell us about the philosophy of the west civilization?
AKB: Philosophy of west civilization I have observed and sometimes I have discussed with the European philosopher, they are democrat there are great societies but unfortunately there is lack of nationalism. According to my mind no dirty was in the entire world but unfortunately socialism failed due to its mechanism or works because in western politics now benefiting on the base of democracy and globalization. Their sympathizer I do not like but they are traveling being a society.
Blv: Any message?
AKB: Message is that Baloch people should support the resistance movement and also there are minor defects and there are deeds, but we should look on the side of their sacrifice by virtue of that sacrifice they have played very crucial role for Baloch land and nationalism. We have to salute their sacrifice we should support the resistance movement.
By Naveed Naik Sayyed Kharan
A religion is the very meaning of humanity, love, care, sacrifice, and devotion. Among all these a gap for unreasonable hatred is something very staggering. Is religion a tool to be unfairly profitable from or is that really the way to have one’s needs fulfilled? Surely its not a business to have all this.
What we currently see is quite eccentric when the two Sunni groups have been at loggerheads since long ago with no obvious reasons except some baseless beliefs. The Barelvis and Deobandies are at daggers drawn since many decades.
I am quite regretful for our youth have just fallen prey to these frauds that not only split up the Islam, divided the Muslims as well as planted unreasonable extreme hatred in minds of unsophisticated people and are further involved in propagation to inflame the enmity.
This ummah has come as a result of sacrifices of beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Sahaba. Our prophet (PBUH) bore the stone of Taif and difficulty of Uhad for us. We are not spreading the mission of Mahboob Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, rather fighting with each other unknowingly.
The polarization has torn the Ummah and Ummat is away from the way of prophet (PBUH). This article is an attempt to do something positive for it.
Now we realize that, the tussle has somewhat lessen to an extent but not fully as that in the past I remember when both the rivals had set-up their devotees as street fighters to have extreme quarrels on slightest pretexts and it used to be talk of the town for months and the then hatred developed more intense and transformed to next generation. Such uncivilized practices have been and still order of the day.
Let us have glance on similarities that both rivals share indeed.
They share common commandments, rituals, beliefs, religious festivals, ways of Divine worship, and even they follow same school of Aqeeda and are Hanafi. And the differences are not basic rather superficial in nature with respect to Islamic ideology.
Initially the difference was purely personal and historical but with the passage of time this rivalry has included some religio-cultural and some ideological differences of superficial nature and now, the area of controversy is actually to by-product of mistrust, fighting, attempts to malign each other by using ambiguous titles upon another as Bidhati, Gustakh-e-Rasool etcetera. These types of controversies erupted and has been nurtured to gain the public sentiments and to capitalize their support in the favour of their group and to defame the other Ulema of other group. For the sake of fighting or to malign other group, each group presents some Aqeeda differences on the following issue.
It is alleged that Barelvis are following Aqeeda about Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), that.
1. He is “NOOR” that means made of light
2. He is hazir (present in many places at the same time).
3. He is nazir (witnessing all that goes on in the world).
4. He has ilm-e-ghaib (knowledge of the unseen/unknown completely and nothing is hidden).
5. He is mukhtaar kul (having the authority to do whatever he desired).
No serious attempt has been made in recent past to solve the issue. The illustrious Ulemas are silent and middle levels are either silent or fighting. Issue isn’t very complicated but it is projected as complicated and magnified. If someone investigates upto original books of controversy he will understand the real problem very easily in a period of days.
This issue is of urgent need to save our generation, and to give space for those who want to do positive for ummat for this world and hereafter.
In India Deobandi-Barelvi Ulema remain silent on controversial issues and normally there is no open fighting between them and largely remain peaceful. Ulema of both group have compormised and have learnt to live in harmony. But same cannot be said for Pakistan.
Quoting a reference, while delivering a speech on Peace T.V, Dr. Israr Ahmed was asked in question-answer session “whether Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam had ilm-e-ghaib or not and addressing the concern that some Muslims also divided into different groups for this obvious reason.
Answering the question Dr. made a mockery that me Israr never afford to have estimation of the knowledge of Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, just let’s think for a while that weather He had ilm-e-ghaib or not, hazir or nazir, noor or bashar, these really do not matter and aren’t something necessary to discuss or fight on. What really that matters is practice and preaching of Islam which is the ultimate devotion to Almighty Allah and a great service to humanity.
Deobandi-Barelvi difference has been made complex and difficult. But one thing is very clear that it is a baseless rivalry. Both Deobandi and Barelvi are ASHARI-MATURIDI in Aqeedah and Hanafi in Fiqha. Actually it is a cooked issue.
Why Understood Complex?
Now you think what the problem is, so actual problem is that there is no problem!
Writer can be approached on facebook https://m.facebook.com/naveed.s.naik?refid=17
By Baloch Khan, SME University, Karachi
There is no legal sanction behind ethics except morality. Only a man morally responsible is ethicized. Ethics are related with duties to ourselves or duty to others. The coast of ethics sets certain duties and responsibility toward organizations oblige for operating the writing and broadcasting machinery. These ethical rules have check over the journalist, media.
A concern for ethics is important. The journalist who has the concern obviously cares about good or right action, such a concern indicates ideas and attitude which embraces both freedom and responsibility. It indicates also that journalist desires to discover norms for the action that will serve him as guiding principles or specific directives in achieving the kinds of life which he/she thinks most meaningful and satisfying. Ethical concern is essential for media. When we talk about ethics and freedom of press, both are equally essential and are the two sides of the same coin. I am very much surprised to see today’s world of media. Today, the media itself and its ethics have become an intrigue question and a topic of international debate. In case of observance of media ethics, it would rather be correct to say that might is right. We often find the powerful media of superpower violating, whereby they broadcast and air ridiculing and derogatory material against Islam and its followers. After 9/11 world media underwent a thorough change.
Especially in Pakistan, as media got advanced and powerful, it seems to have kept aside the entire proposition of ethics. Media rating and advertisement competition are what matters for them. This issue started when PEMRA gave a free hand to the newspaper owners and other elite people. They started running their own TV channels without concerning this profession ethics.
Every channel runs behind the advertisement supplement. The aim is to influence public opinion toward products. Pakistani famous TV channels violate universal and constitutional media ethics. Sometimes the nation sees scandals like that of Mubashair Luqmaan’s, and Mahair Bukhar’s and sometimes issue like Turkish Dramas. Turkish dramas are not only disastrous for Pakistani culture but also these have hampered the progress of Pakistani dramas and blocked ways of new talents. Ask the media owners what about Pakistani talent and Pakistani dramas! No doubt Pakistani dramas not only project Pakistani culture on international level but also promote Islamic media ethics. This misuse of freedom of expression turned to a bad blood for universal media ethics. Media here is too much commercialized and politicized.
Owing to lack of media ethics and laws, many journalists have lost their lives. Merely by suicide attacks and targeted killing, 26 have been killed in past few years. The ones once keeping the world up to date about the recurring news around have themselves become news. This year three journalists were killed in attacks in Quetta.TV channel rating puts the lives of journalists in peril. Private TV channel reporters Saif Baloch and Imran were killed due to breaking news coverage and rating. This is what for media ethic! Pakistan has been declared the 3rd most dangerous country in world for journalists, since 2000 more than 90 journalists have been killed. International community for protection for journalist ICPJ has expressed its serious concern over the mistreatment maintained to the journalists.
However, media in Pakistan could play a key role in streaming the whole nation over one agenda and guidance prosperity and progress by following, ethical and responsible standers because, “if you don’t know the art of ethics, you will fail in exploring the means of love. And same is the case with journalism and journalist”.
Bolan Voice Report
On 27th March Baloch National Front arranged a rally to mark occupation of Balochistan. The rally had assigned Sariab Road rout.
A great number of activist of Baloch Nationalist organizations were gathered at Degree College and Balochistan University to join rally. Participants were holding banners, palace cards inscribed with slogan in favor of Balochistan freedom. The participants were chanting slogan in favor of nationalist organizations. They appealed international media and Human Rights organization for fair dispensation of responsibilities about Baloch issue.
Rally participants were passionate and a large number of females were also part of the event. Rally was on the way to its destination Quetta Press Club when it reached governor house Sariab Road then security officials fired tear gas shell on rally with intention to disperse participant. The tear gas canisters hit crowed due to that several activists got injuries. At the occasion security officials opened aerial firing to spread panic among participants, but ideologically ripped workers remained steady-fasts and continue moving towards destination.
When rally reached at Balochistan square (Sariab Phatik) where FC completely had blocked all ways to Quetta Press Club and no one was allowed to move a single step ahead. At that time rally participants shouted loud slogans and from that venue they sacked peacefully without completing their march.