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A research study regarding an international railway project linking Pakistan with China’s Xinjiang province through Azad Jammu and Kashmir has been commissioned by China, according to a Times of India and China Daily report.
The rail link funded primarily by China would connect Xinjiang’s western city Kashgar to the Gwadar deep sea port of Pakistan, said state-run China Daily while quoting the director of Xinjiang’s regional development and reform commission, Zhang Chunlin on the subject.
“The 1,800-km China-Pakistan railway is planned to also pass through Pakistan’s capital of Islamabad and Karachi,” Zhang had said at the two-day International Seminar on the Silk Road Economic Belt being held in Urumqi, Xinjiang’s capital.
Due to geo-strategic implications the project would be hard to proceed with, as it would be a requisite for the rail project to run through the Pamir Plateau and Karakoram Mountains. Although once completed it would emerge as one of the most strategically beneficial transportation infrastructures on the China-Pakistan economic corridor, opined Zhang.
“Although the cost of constructing the railway is expected to be high due to the hostile environment and complicated geographic conditions, the study of the project has already been started,” he added.
President Xi Jinping had also spoken in favour of rejuvenating conventional trade routes connecting China, Central Asia and Europe.
A multi-billion deal has already been signed to initiate work on an Economic Corridor linking Kashgar with the port city of Gwadar through AJK. It also implied revamping the already in place Karakoram road link despite the cynicism expressed by political analysts in China.
The project exhibits tremendous potential as it would enable China to run a port alongside Gulf of Oman which is deemed to be a hub for activities relating to oil tankers.
India however has objected to the project citing concerns that the said route would involve a disputed territory. Pakistan had given the operational key of the port city of Gwadar to Beijing back in 2013, a move deeply detested by India as it alleged it could provide a chance to China to monitor its port activities.
After the attack on Karachi Jinnah International Airport Pakistan is now dealing the militants with an iron hand by launching a ground operation in North Wiziristan.
Bolan Voice Report
The shocking attacks of Islamist militants on Jinnah International Airport in Karachi on 8 June 2014, approximately as according to media sources 10 militants armed with automatic weapons, a rocket launcher, suicide vests, and grenades entered through the old terminal for a planned attack but fortunately, given the number of the ASF security forces in the airport area, the militants were dealt with an iron hand and their plans at least resulted in dud at the hands of security forces. Soon after the attack, the Rangers arrived and cordoned off the airport area quickly. Firing and blasts continued for some hours and mourning started from the public side given the scheduled arrivals and departures of planes and their passengers in the airport area during the fatal attacks, from masses side some 36 people were killed, including all 10 attackers, and at least 18 were wounded.
Soon after the attack on Airport having taken place, resultantly, Pakistan has taken military measures by launching a ground operation in North Waziristan as the TTP claimed responsibility for the attack. So far as the proposed attackers are concerned so they were foreigners of Uzbek origin who belonged to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), an Al Qaeda-linked militant organization that works closely with TTP. According to TTP, it said that the attack was a joint operation they executed with the IMU, who independently admitted to having supplied personnel for the attack.
Now, given the fatal assault on the international airport of Pakistan, it culminated in Operation Zarb-e-Azb, a comprehensive Pakistan Armed Forces operation against militants in North Waziristan and now they are dealing them with an iron hand as an eye for an eye language.
On the other hand, in North Waziristan there are many people who have been displaced, according to the provided statistics the government has so far registered 435,429 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) affected due to the ongoing operation in North Waziristan with the help of the National Database Registration Authority (NADRA). Moreover, stating the government registered 35,381 families including 114,596 males, 137,301 females and 183,532 children, number of IDPs increasing with each passing day. And now there are facing also many problems as they are keeping fast in camps in the holy month of Ramadan and as the operation was launched on June 15, the military operation Zarb-e-Azb against militants in the troubled North Waziristan agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) that resulted in a temporary migration and relocation of the displaced persons from the area of operation to safer locations.
Moreover, adding that Consistent to the earlier instructions, the government assigned the task to the Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (SAFRON) to make necessary rehabilitation arrangement of IDPs. However, this time the government decided to engage the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) too in the process which is in line with the mandate of the organization. Upon instructions the NDMA now engaged with the ministry of SAFRON, Federally Administrative Tribal Areas Disaster Management Authority, Provincial Disaster Management Authority of Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa, Pakistan Army, Civil Administration and other partners to coordinate and implement the plan for efficient management of all IDPs’ issues.
The NDMA team, led by Member Operations NDMA, Brig Mirza Kamran Zia has already been deployed in district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa to monitor and facilitate the present status of IDPs situation and ensure provision of effective and timely relief assistance to the IDPs within and outside camps. So far a total of 34,625 families have crossed over from North Waziristan areas of operation and have been registered in Bannu. About 1100 families have arrived in DI Khan and 480 in Lakki Marwat district.
The relief camps were immediately established at the onset of operation. The main IDPs camp has been established in BakaKhel, Union Council in district Bannu of KP. Unfortunately not many people have opted to live in the camp and the bulk preferred to live with their relatives and host communities as per past practice.
The team, along with senior civil and military officials, monitored IDPs camp management to ensure that people are facilitated with all necessary apparatus and arrangements. The relief camps have been provided with all necessary facilities including provision of shelter, health, hygiene, latrines, cooked food, electricity and mosque. Food and financial assistance is being rendered to the affected people at the time of registration at check points. The NADRA mobile registration points have been put in place at the check points too. Polio vaccination of entire displaced population and health checkup of those in need is also being ensured at check posts.
Furthermore, free transport has been arranged for daily evacuations to bring the IDPs to relief camps.
There are efforts to expand the camps and make additional arrangements to facilitate all those IDPs who wish to live and return in the camp. In this connection a field hospital is also being setup jointly by the army and civil administration to meet the additional demand due to influx of 45,000 IDPs in to the area. Food and cash distribution for the affected population is also being done in the area. The WFP has also established a food point in the area, with the approval of federal government and their assistance is being largely appreciated. The NDMA has handed over additional 2,000 tents to the FDMA for further distribution among the IDPs. All planning and execution for this humanitarian effort is being done jointly by the NDMA, FDMA, PDMA KP, Pakistan Army and civil administration. A formation of the Pakistan army has been tasked exclusively to support the civil administration to ensure smooth and efficient execution of this onerous task. The government, the armed forces and all the concerned departments and agencies as well as humanitarian partners are putting in their diligent efforts to mitigate the sufferings of displaced people.
Given the huge availability of many working organizations, the main crux and the problem of the IDPs is their basic facilities that should be ensured on quick basis given the currently going Ramadan month as they are currently facing many problems, on the other hand, the operation is going on and Air forces are also taking part in that it should be also greatly taken into account that the masses’ lives should be ensured to be kept secure from any casualties by the attacks either from the militants’ or military side given their current status as IDPs, therefore, it is very obligatory for the government to keep account of every current welfare organization to order as well as put pressure on them to work seriously for those IDPs because this time is one of critical juncture of our people.
By Ahmed Khan
In 80s’ era American CIA got muster criminals of the world in Pakistan and the FATA area was allocated to them for training base with sanctuary, too. The Arabs and Africans were sub-ordinated to Usama Bin Landin, who was also associated with CIA in early days of Jihad in Afghanistan.
The colonel Imam trained more than 80000 warriors to fight them against soviet. At that time the Islamic parties, like Jamal-e-Islami, Jamiat-F and others were also assisting America and Pakistani secret agencies to hire Mujahidin and recruited religious infuriated voluntaries. The said Islamic parties and orthodox decreed Afghan war as holy war “Jihad” against Soviet Union.
The time changes its facets. Soviet Union step-backed from Afghanistan due to defects in its political structure and granted autonomous to other states which were part of socialist federation of USSR. The Mujahidins occupied Afghanistan and were renamed with Taliban by approval of that time Prime Minister of Pakistan Ms. Benazir Bhutto.
The international situations turned its side and got averse to Taliban and former CIA personnel Usama Bin Ladin. When America changed position, so Pakistan also spontaneously became foe of Taliban ostensibly but in core the realities were some different on Pakistani side.
In 2002, America by help of NATO and Northern Alliance had overran on Afghanistan, eventually toppled the Taliban government in Kabul. At that occasion Pakistan had provided logistics and intelligence support the United States to win the Dollars and other hand secretly used Jamiat Ullema-e-Islam and Jamiat Islami to oppose US in region. When American forces invaded Afghanistan, then JUI-F blocked all road and rail channels in Balochistan. The Quetta was jammed by infuriated workers of discussed right wing party. Afterward the militant organizations have been carrying-out attacks on NATO supplying vehicles which are using the rout of Balochistan and KPK. The militant torched and robbed thousands of NATO containers but amazingly the culprits never were arrested and that is a mystery.
Recently, the American senior journalist after thorough research wrote a book “The Wrong Enemy”, in that she mentioned the Musharraf pushed America in the marsh of Afghanistan but secretly ever patronized the Islamic militants. The real enemy is Pakistan and US must recognize and stop all aid whether it is military or civil.
It’s amazing the Jamiat was an ally party of Musharraf that time ruler at National Assembly, but on the roads same party workers were protesting violently against NATO and America.
After 2006, the Baloch insurgency got intensified due to the assassination of eminent tribal leader Akbar Khan Bugti that catalyzed the Baloch insurgency and it has inflicted state machinery in great loss, so the Islamic elements got together and dubbed with ‘Pakistan Defa Council’, which held about three rallies in a month against NATO supply line but they were intimidating the Baloch in their statements and speeches to handful of people’s assembly. These elements were staunch supporter of Taliban in series of Islam.
Today situations totally turned in opposite direction that state doesn’t need these Taliban at all, and an operation “Zarb-e-Azb” has been launched to eliminate them. Here it is astonishing that Islamic parties and alliances are fully quite, there is no voice for Mujahidin and Taliban those were the hero of these Islamic inclined people.
This impels to think that discussed Islamic parties are being used by someone or their remote is with federation of Pakistan that on any advantageous period uses Islamic notions and in aversive situations by these Islamic parties declares the Mujahid or Taliban wrongful who were hero of yesterday. Same Islamic parties also mostly used to provoke the masses for fight or Jihad when federation is required on a time. If anyone defies the federation for the true spirit of Islam, probably they are deprived of seats and wealth, possible faces more dire consequences.
By Dr Naeem Baloch, Mastung
When exam arrives, students become extremely worried and make plans how to study, how to perform better and get good marks. Some students find exams so difficult that the phobia makes them sick.
LOVE YOUR STUDIES:
Attitude of a student contributes a lot in the examination. Negative attitude of a student towards education affects his academic performance in the examination badly while the regular and hardworking students make good in examination. So thinking the studies as boring, hard and dull will increase the problems in learning process. That is why we should love our studies the way we love Facebook, games etc.
GAME AND SPORTS:
Parents should supervise their school going children’s activities but it should be clear that excessive restrictions especially during exams affect the results of students and make them rebellious and dull. Students need breaks during studies to refresh themselves and it is possible through games and sports. So we should not eliminate our relaxing activities such as playing games and watching T.V programs from our daily schedule because these are as important as our studies.
SOME HELPFUL TIPS:
We should seek teacher’s advice on how to study in a better way for examinations
* Planning of Study Timings.
* Take exercise, walk and play game to get refreshed.
* Practice old question papers to give you an idea of the pattern followed by teachers
* Develop self-confidence with the thinking that nobody could do better than me but avoid over confidence as it may affect your future career.
SPECIAL TIPS ON EXAM DAY:
* Have a healthy breakfast
* Do the final revision of important topics
* Get engaged in positive self-talking
* Never revise at the last moment
IN EXAMINATION HALL:
* Organize everything you have i.e. pen, pencil etc.
* Plan out timings during examination
* Not to start the paper soon after getting it from examiner. Start the paper from the question you know the best. The best way to success is to face what comes our way and counter all difficulties with a smiling face. We will surely come out as winners.
There can be no two opinions about the veracity of the statement that the Modern Age is the age of science. Science undoubtedly has revolutionized the world. Everyday there are new inventions, may that be in medicine, electronics, space sciences, nuclear technology and so on. Everything that modern man is using in this contemporary age has been given to him by the scientific advancement. He cannot live without science even for a single day. Science has given eyes to the blind, ears to the deaf and limbs to the crippled. It has made man fly in the sky like birds, swim in the water like fish. It has achieved wonders and thus has brought about irreparable changes in the world. Science, however, is remarked both as a blessing as well as a curse. Apart from bringing uncountable blessings in the lives of human beings, it also has turned out to be course and has resulted into human sufferings which have now assumed horrible magnitudes and are beyond human control. It is said that modern civilization is a scientific civilization. It is true as far as the material aspects of civilization are concerned; man lives in great comfort today. He enjoys cinema, radio and television. He can talk with his friends thousands of miles away from by telephone. Science has increased human comfort and lessened human drudgery. He has no longer to travel on foot. He can travel comfortably without any fatigue in cars, air-conditioned trains, buses, etc. He has no longer to bear the hardships of weather. In summer, he can cool his house by electric cooler and in winter, get heat by electric heaters. Day and night make no difference to him, for night can turn into day by electric lights.
He does not work hard like his forefathers. He does not follow barbarous practice of having slaves. Science has given him slaves of a new kind, which do all work for him. Machines are the slaves of modern scientific civilization. These slaves do all the work for him while he himself lives like a lord. They cook his food for him and even serve it to him. They manufacture everything that he uses from morning till night. They plough fields for him, sow seeds and reap crops for him. Human pain and suffering have been lessened by science. Modern civilized man has not to suffer like his forefathers. Many diseases have been eliminated or have become curable, and surgeries can be performed without inflicting pain to the patients. Many wonderful drugs have been discovered and man’s life on this earth has become longer and happier. Man lives in comfort like the lord and master of nature. He has conquered even outer space, mastered weather and all other living creatures.
But there is another side also to this picture. Science affects only the material aspects and makes man materialistic. Radio, television, cinema and costly furniture and dresses are all symbols of this artificial civilization. But civilization has material as well as spiritual elements. Science helps only the growth of the material aspects and has no influence on the spiritual element. Science has made man morally bankrupt. It has degraded him. He is no longer inspired by noble ideas. He thinks only of the body and not the soul. Science has created distance between man and religion. He has lost faith in God. He is no longer truth-loving and self-sacrificing. In order to satisfy his wants and desires, he uses dishonest means. By hook or by crook, he wants to possess the luxuries provided to him by science. No moral considerations influence his actions or his thoughts.
Art and literature are also essential aspects of civilization, but science does nothing to promote them. Rather it has an adverse effect on the growth of art. There is inherent opposition between art and science. Science is utility, observation and experiment, reason and good sense, while art is the worship of beauty. It is an inspiration. Science has killed the artistic sense of man and has made him a worshipper of worldly wealth. He now dissects and kills objects of nature instead of enjoying their beauty. To quote from poet William Wordsworth, man now murders to dissect, and perhaps he would botanize even on his mother’s grave. His emotions and passions have all dried up and he has become a monster guided by reason alone.
No doubt science has given man the powers used to be attributed to the mythological gods alone, but it has not increased his wisdom or his morality. It has given him weapons. It has given him machines, but machines are now becoming his masters. Man today does not know when to save and when to kill. He has got the atomic energy but he does not know how to use it for his own good and wellbeing. In this way, science has brought human civilization to the verge of disaster.
Much has been said and talked about the importance of science and technology. However, as the saying goes, every rose has its thorns. Science also has added to the human sufferings owing to the adverse impacts it has on the environment. Environmental issues are the biggest concerns the planet earth is facing, let that be in the form of global warming, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes etc. Moreover, no doubt, medical science is no less than a blessing to mankind. Medicines produced all over the world are perceived to be a foolproof cure to a person’s illness. However, there is some negativity associated with medical science too. Today, excessive consumption of drugs can lead to death. Moreover, incorrect dosage may lead to fatal maladies. Where medical science has advanced to an unbelievable extent, it carries with itself perils of all kinds, and just a slight ignorance may prove to be a matter of life and death.
Technology has provided ease of all kinds to man. However, it has made us too busy to even see our loved ones in person. Technology might have made our daily life easier, but it has rendered health issues as well. Tremendous reliance and dependence on electronic gadgets, appliances, and most importantly, computer technology has made human life so lethargic that people are experiencing old age much before they actually grow old. With almost zero physical activity, science might have proved its mettle as an amazingly efficient service to its users, but has got the world adversely hooked to it! Technology can actually harm society if one becomes addict. Competition between companies or even cities can sometimes make our lives even worse. When a city builds more roads to attract tourists, the result is more traffic load. Even things we take for granted such as the automobile have negative effect on us. Because the automobiles cause pollution and that can surely harm us slowly. Technology is making one so busy that he can’t even find time to spend with our closed ones. It would be surprising to know that people are in contact through chat and online messaging though they are in same city, because they think it’s faster and effective but they forget that meeting personally can never replace online chatting.
There is no doubt that modern technology is the biggest revolution ever happened to the planet but it is tremendously effected human social activities and made him slave. So we must not use the modern technology to agonize, human being and be used philanthropically.
By Haq Nawaz Baloch, Pasni
In the 20th century, the Muslim world embraced modernity by accepting the concept of Nation-state system, which emerged in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. The secular nationalist’s movements fought for the right of self-determination and got independence from the colonial powers. But in 21st century, the extremist groups have rejected the concept of nation state and promoted the culture of Jihad in ideological ground. Jihadi mindset negatives the concept of modernity. Moreover in Muslim world, the madaris have played an important role in producing Islamic scholars and clerics. However, now the Madaris have become a new breeding ground for radical Islamist militants. Religious fatwa further added the sense of hatred for minorities. Less uneducated clerics openly accused and blamed any religious minorities; moreover, they misinterpret the verses of holy Quran, as the result, hatred and Jealousies feelings are occurring in every nook and corner of country. Around 10 to 15 percent of the madaris are affiliated with extremist religious outfits, which are totally bigotry kinds of religious education.
These madaris have distorted view of Islam where hatred is permissible.
After the creation of Pakistan, the number of madaris kept growing at a slow pace without any state patronage in the first three decades. During 1980s madaris system underwent a complete change. The war in Afghanistan brought from across the border millions of refugees and the radicals of the Jihadi movement. Thousands of new madaris were formed, and supported by foreign donations from rich individuals and Islamic charities, mainly from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States.
The exact number of madaris in Pakistan is unknown. However, the rough estimate ranges from 45,000. With the passage of time, the number of madris has increased. It is a fact that the rise of madaris in Pakistan not only has threatened the social, cultural, economic and political life of the country, but also weakened the Pakistani state. Due to the religious extremism, educational system of Pakistan has come to the brink of failure. Pakistan spends very little amount of its Gross National Product (GNP) on education. Government runs schools are generally horrendous. They often lack of teachers, water, electricity, latrine, and boundary and even though roof.
On the country, the rich elite class of Pakistan sends their children in expensive private schools. The poor can’t afford the private schools fees and send their children to madris which provide food, clothing and even some their children. Thus for the lower classes and refuge population, the madaris have become attractive institutions.
The madris were established in large number by Zia regime for two reasons, to win support from the religious cleric and broaden his political base for recruiting Mujahideen to wage war in Afghanistan and also gain the support of religious parties. Moreover, the dictators played a destructive role to bring religion into politics. They have used Islam for their ultimate political goals. For instance, Ayub Khan‘s modernist Islam, Zia’s theocratic Islam and Musharaf’s liberal Islam has been the continuation of the same policy prepared by the state since its formation. However, the drastic change came when Zia came to power in 1977. Religious groups supported Zia and provided him an Ideological framework, based on a particular brand of an Islamic system.
The wave of religious extremism has erupted, after the 9/11 incident in 2001. In this way particular groups whom used religion as a recognized tools against minorities as well as many sects of Islam, no doubt, these groups are directly and indirectly are supported by foreign states fought proxy war in Afghanistan, due to difference of religious Ideology. Now this war is directly fighting in Pakistan. The killing of Shia, particularly Hazara community is under a severe barbarism in this religious war in Quetta, Balochistan.
Thousand, have been killed by suicide attacks and millions have been migrated across the country. Another shocking reality is the opinion adopted by the orthodox religious scholars whom issued Fatwa against religious minorities and other sects of Islam. These actions of Ulemas diverges the perception of general mass which caused of hatred against other sects of Islam. Now, it makes high responsibility of federal as well as provincial government to create such atmosphere which would bring religious harmony in entire country. The need of hour is to reject the culture of “Religious extremism” and pave the way for a broad based consensus among various sects and religious minorities. If this fire would not be extinguished, it completely burns all the fabric of society.
Prophet (PBUH) categorically said that “All Muslims are brother and shouldn’t make any division amongst themselves in sect, creed and color.”
Another place Allah says in Baqarah, 190, “Fight in the cause of Allah though who fight you, but don’t transgress limit Allah love not transgressors limits.”
It is proudly said that today’s youngsters are tomorrow’s builders. Youth all over the world through history, has been a revolutionary force. It is the precious asset of a nation that can revive a nation going through hard time. Youth of a nation can do wonders if availed, trained, educated and informed in an optimum fashion but now-a-days the youngsters are indulged in many bad things. They are affected by various bad habits; such as stealing, smoking, drinking wine, being dishonest, not obeying the parents and many more. These young people spend major part of their time in vulgar activities and their hot topics of discussion are movies, songs, video games and so on.
In the same way today’s youngsters do not obey their parents nor do they take them seriously. This is a big issue of youngsters as they do not listen to their parents, and what I believe, this is the first step to go towards the ways. Furthermore, if we talk about boys, at least 1/3 of the young boys are drug addicts. The alarming situation we can see in our society that drugs are available every area. Firstly, the youngsters use drugs as fashion as they see the others using drugs, but later on they become addicted to it and waste their health, wealth and innocent lives.
The truth is, due to the today’s young generations, the parents are getting a lot of tension and they are suffering from lots of diseases; such as, high blood pressure, desperation, diabetes and many more. Sometimes, parents think a lot about their children and as a result they get heart diseases. On the other hand, the girls are also not better than the boys in putting the parents in trouble. They do not help their mothers in doing home chores, they do not study properly, and they are always sitting in front of TV or busy with their mobiles. The young girls smoke Hubble bubble proudly and thinking that this is symbol of being moderate, but, sad to say that these ways are harming themselves dangerously. Our talented young girls have adopted double standards as they always try to follow the foreign culture while living in a society where traditional norms are completely against that foreign culture.
We can find the youngsters saying that their parents are burdens on them since they do not allow them to do everything. In fact, they do not know the importance of them. If they knew, they would not commit certain mistakes.
Most of the population comprises the youth, it is necessary for them to keep contributing for the betterment and progress of the society like they have before. The youth is one of the biggest assets of the country and they must be fully utilized, without exposing them to any harm simultaneously. Our society will grow if the youngsters realize their responsibilities and work accordingly by leaving their vain activities behind and act for the progress of our area.
“Nobody can deny the fact that Panjgoor has been on top in educational field among the three districts of Makran since decades; be it inside Panjgoor or the other two districts of Makran i.e Gwadar and Turbat. The students of Panjgoor have been the position holders in most of the examinations of different levels, and undoubtedly, since the last nearly one and a half decade there has been a great role of private educational institutions in shape of schools and English language centers”.
It is hurting to mention that for the last one or two years the conspiracy against the private educational institutes has been in progress in many ways; such as, sometimes in shape of mobile messages, doing propaganda in different gathering and chalking on the walls etc. As the anti-education elements failed to stop the development of education in the area, they started threatening the heads and the students. What the irony is the all the private educational institutions are off for the last four months. The recent unfortunate accident by anti-education elements in Panjgoor is the alive example of enmity against the education in which the terrorists fired on a principal car leaving the students and the principal injured. Furthermore, in this accident the car of the principal was burnt. The terrorists are of the opinions that female education is against Islamic laws. No doubt, they must have forgotten the real teaching of Islam and prophet Mohammad (PBUH) in which it is mentioned that getting education is obligatory for the both – males and the females. This is unfortunate that in the other parts of Pakistan the restrictions on education has been already existing and KPK province is the biggest victim of it. An estimation says that in KPK more than 600,000 students are out of school due to militancy in the recent years. In the previous month the KPK assembly held a debate in which the education department stated that so for hundreds of school in the province have been destroyed by the militant groups. The tragedy of Panjgoor is not the only case against the education but we need to remember that before some months an English language center – Karwan English Language Center in Koshkalt was made permanently off by unknown people; likewise, DELTA in Turbat City and another Language Center were forcefully closed by the same kind of groups.
What seems that the there is a planned conspiracy against the education of Baloch-istan in which the only aim of the militants is to destroy the educational system of Balochistan. We must not forget that Balochistan lacks facilities in every field, especially Makran is very much backward in other facilities, but, the education of Makran has topped almost the all educational institutions of Balochistan.
It goes without saying that it falls to the provincial and federal governments to take strong step against the ones who are destroying the education and making the future of students dark. If this issue is not solved, the number of schools will soon start decreasing and the number of illiterate people will increase in no time. Moreover, it is also the responsibility of the people of the area to be united against the enemy since the education is the only weapon to fight the ignorance.
“Social democracy is the jugular vein for the progressive transformation of our society, indeed it is the substantive coming up with the outcome of victory, for it has been highly important for the advancement and prosperity. Because in the process of social solidarity and social democracy, one can find oneself with strong emotions towards the accurate path to the perfection of destination, in a philosophical manner. It is true that one can break a single stick easily but to break a bundle of sticks is really very difficult”.
By Adil G.M, Turbat
Well, as it is nicely quoted that where there is unity there is always victory. However, from the above quoted words it has been highly cleared that unity is the most essential for the advancement and prosperity of any societies. Because in the process of social solidarity, one can find oneself with strong emotions towards the accurate path. Apart from this, it plays a very creative role to produce inspirational thoughts for the creation of a brave society as well as it helps everyone to maintain their capabilities in all sorts of circumstances. Likewise, it is extremely important for every creature in this globe, as without having this force none can explore the actual change of life and no society can come into superior existence.
In actuality, a well-developed society is considered to be the backbone of every nation which invariably stands like a strong wall so that to protect its inhabitants, unification, boundaries and so on from its foes. Such societies have always been well trained and have rational perception in order to become organized. Most importantly, there are many nations Like Africans, Bangladeshis, etc which became united and have got what they desired for.
It is worth mentioning that once Africans had no values and respect in the eyes of others. But on the other hand, the tireless efforts of an appreciated personality, Nelson Mandela, had brought them into united Africans.
He worked with might and main to bring mutual relationship among the peoples. So, he today proved it as others did it. It has highly been proved that united nations have always kept great names in the ancient pages of the history and remained prosperous as well. It is true that one can break a single stick easily but to break a bundle of sticks is really very difficult. Doubtlessly, if we work hard collectively then we can defeat our enemies at one go. No doubt, the real identity of a nation or society can be acknowledged through mutual communication.
As a final point, it is known to everyone that unity makes a nation strong. It opens wide-ranging opportunities to create a soft moment and it helps everyone to live in peace. Consequently, it is dire need of time to help your nation and even work for the creation of an advanced society.
“Human beings are very vulnearable to diseases, whether it be a simple fever or a serious breakdown, in this current era, in Turbat there are alot of such diseases that are getting grown and the uncovered eatable things are so far conducive to them”.
Nagma Noor, Turbat
Turbat, the second biggest city of Balochistan, is too weak with its lazy shopkeepers who sell the eatable things without covering and keeping them away from the germs. The mosquitoes buzz and sit on edible materials and spread lots of diseases, as a result, they put all the customers up a gum tree. Not covering the edible things is really a hurdle for a person to live a healthy life.
The sad side of the picture is, the people of Turbat also don’t consider this an issue since they lack health awareness. The pollution is also high in Turbat and the dirt and the dust effect the uncovered eatable things. Basically, uncovered eating materials can be seen in every big or small city of Pakistan because neither the shopkeepers selling the things think about it nor the people who buy these things. If we take about the role of government, it seems that as if this all is happening on the dictation of the government or it is totally unaware of it.
Moreover, It looks too ridiculous the TV channels highlight many problems of this country but unfortunately, the second day the same situation can be seen. Such as, the ARY’s program “Sar-e-aam” has shown the people that how the so-called food companies prepare the things with the name of high quality brand and loot the people, but no action has been taken so for.
Surprisingly, most of the customers buy those things which are openly kept on the pushcarts with uncountable flies and different kinds of dust. So for I am totally failed to understand that why the people do so? A possible reason can be the low price, but I am shocked that the people buy the cheap things for eating and then much of their money they spend on their health.
What I think people lack the awareness about the prevention of their health. The people need to be educated to know something about their health, otherwise, they will never stop playing with their health all the time.
It is a humble request to the shopkeeper to cover the eatables and keep them fresh so that they can help a healthy society to develop. I also appeal to the customers to keep away from the uncovered materials for the sake of their families. I urge the government to keep eyes on this issue and take strong step to cope with this problem. If we all think of this as a serious issue, soon we will be able to make a certain environment where everybody can breathe freely with a healthy life and a strong brain.
Let’s pledge to make our environment clean and tidy so that we can be able to live a happy life and let our coming generations have rosy and disease free future.
By Shamsher Jamaldani
“Devoted writers are, indeed, more than reformers who come up both social and national remedies for a better transformation of ours lives even by writing using their invaluable blood, among such devoted writers, Khashwat Singh, is one of them.”
Khashwat, no doubt, is a living legend of Indian literature, which has contributed enthusiastically with a transparent zeal and contributing as well. Similarly he had also lighliged the atrocities of imperials through media. Originally, Khashwat Singh belonged to Lahore and was likely to get his elementary education from there.
Later on, he acquired his higher education from Chiefs College and temple London.
After completion of education he served as an advocate in Lahore high court. Meanwhile, the partition took place. He was appointed as an Indian foreign Minister soon after that, the assumed ambassadorial responsibilities in London and Canada. He had also represented India in Unisco Paris. Despite these Civil services his creative efficiencies forced him to discover new ideas and new perception subsequently, Khashwat adhered to “All India Radio” then he promoted Literature is the line of his Journalistic services. Mean line, he wrote the History of Sikhs and became a popular writer. He contributed generously to Indian literature till his death.
But regret to hear the sudden demise of Khashwat Sigh, the well-known Indian journalist and writer, India has lost a writer of great perception and skills with his sharp writing, he exposed the many foibles in the Indian political and social system. He wrote very simple prose. In an easy to ready style but made strong points, this appealed to a wide range readers across educational levels he wrote for the educated elite.
He was a doyen of good writing and legend in his own lifetime. Apart from educating millions with his lacisive writings, he also trained and developed many generations of writer and Journalist a truly lasting contribution. In addition to that, He was also a fearless man, he incurred the wrath of the journalistic community in India by supporting Mrs Indira Gandhi’s energy in 1956, because thought, he would improve the country.
However, he returned the honors given to him by the government, when Mrs Gandhi authorized the Military operation in the Golden temple in 1984. During his editorship of the “illustrated weekly if India, is the late 1960, the sales of the Magazine zoomed to an all-time high, from 60,000 to 450,000 and readers books forward to every issue every weak.
A very simple man in formal and informal occasion. He replied to every letter he received personally. Above all, he set up to sum up with the point that Khustwat would be remembered as sublime relics of hasting. He would certainly be last up in the glinting pages as much as this would exist.
BySajid Ahmed Baloch
“The jurisprudence of law is quite related to three tangiblilities, culture, religion and philosophy, these three are the most prominent parts of law and they make up a chain of abiding rules and regulations, as T.E. Hold put it so correctly that” law can be defined as a general rule of external human action enforce by sovereign political authority”.
The word law which is derived from German word “lag” that was created by the perception of personalities in universe even though it is also made by nature that Allah has given to us in this world and still is giving. Beside this, regulation is the massive source of government which plays a supreme role in state namely society, association, aggregation, community etc. is a mega need for people. It is a fact that law that passes out prosperity and satisfaction as well as happiness of every country is made by researching of three golden words.
1) Culture; It is true that the culture is the existence of a nation and it can identify a nation in a country. In fact every nation has its own culture and every nation has its own identification in the world therefore, the creators did the considerations and experiments of making it with different instruments of culture. In addition, the apparatus of culture which were related in regulation were more momentous for people to make law with their contribution
2) Religion; Indeed the religion was seen by them and they made a break for it was obligatory too in this world and most of them were concentrated and observed on religion for the existence of law and the condition of the globe researched to make regulation for advantageous of human beings was made by religion as well as politico-religion.
3) Philosophy; Furthermore, the philosophy about which philosophers studied and explored the things or employments for making law in the world since they had known that the “term” law uses for rulers and regulation enforced by state and philosophers who had more experiences and expectations for bringing the existence of law in this universe was needed for people to spend a better life.
In addition to that, It must be remembered that what is its definition as T.E. Hold said that” law can be defined as a general rule of external human action enforced by sovereign political authority” and it is read that the rulers that state and sovereignty have to play a major role for the issues of everything in a country is called law.
It is necessary to know that the country which has many provinces is to be responsible to rule on people in a particular way and passing out the rights of poor people is the responsibility of state to use its perception and ideas on them. Finally, the regulation a need for every person which can bring happiness and freedom of human life is as compulsory as we want.
By Shamsher Jamaldini
“Arguably the sad part is that any institution affiliated with the minerals-affluent province Balochistan immediately brings negative association of losses laid-back attitudes and laws at the mercy of those who yield the power over the coveted seats and its constant corrupt status of governance puts it further more in a regressive crippled state in all senses, though, ours is a proud Muslim country but still governance like Hazrat Umar is a far-fetched reality in the eyes of the government, where-as we have ideals in Islam whom were the best of governors like Hazrat Umar whose high standard of good governance can be ascertained by his following saying, “Umar will be held accountable by Almighty on the day of Judgment even if a dog is died if thirst on the bank of Euphrates. And these days, we lack such scrupulous governors though being Muslims”.
Institutional decay is the root cause of lack of governance and poor performance in most institutions run by government. A change of government and face is not going to result in reforming institutions that have been constantly invaded and intruded by rent-seeking individuals, where total lutelligence and allegiance is directed towards making the rules of business benefit a few at the expense of the masses. In addition to that, the sad part is that any institution whose name starts with Balochistan immediately brings negative association of losses laid-back attitudes and laws at the mercy of those who yield the power over the coveted seats.
No doubt the government of Balochistan is always constituted on the direction of establishment. It is aptly said that establishment has never been sincere with Balochistan. That is why Tutak like scandals have become common of the day. Which is result of the atrocities of establishment. It is also interesting that media always draw the attention towards such situation but government no heed.
Actually Balochistan is in the grip of worse cruel rulers. Subsequently, daily a new event takes place. Owing to bad governance, in 2010 and 2012, the blood caused a great deterioration. Similarly law and order is disastrous which can’t be controlled by security forces. Kidnapping for ransom Dacoit, plundering and violence on poor people is rife. Meantime the same government is responsible for the destruction of education. Despite long claims, the government could not have improved it yet. Keeping in view the worse ruling, the writ of law and government is not seen anywhere, whether it be from traffic system to Municipal corporation or be fairs of public transport to encroachment upon government lands and plots.
As long as the heads of institutions are appointed and fined by the men in power, no institution can be called independent and autonomous. This is the reason for a complete lack of governance in most institutions. More than 20 institutions are headless and being run by people personally approved by the big wigs.
As for their careers, the evidence so far suggests sadly that (MPA, MNA) they have teamed all the departments with the relatives. Therefore neither there is someone to ask them nor are they prepared to do any task. Owing to the Recruitment of ineligible and recommended officers 70% budget is not being spent properly. Bureaucrats have no efficiencies to use the budget. It is tragic that due to non-development work every man is ailing.
Likewise, government has closed her eyes heinous crimes dazzled her eyes in rampant corruption. Therefore there is pile of crises everywhere. Which cab explodes with big bang in near future? No doubt several people are observing the government of Balochistan. So the first and foremost point is that the government should be autonomous under the transparent election nepotism should be abolished honest and educated people ought to run the government. So the Balochistan could usher unto a new era of progress and prosperity. Simply the government of Balochistan should be exemplary as that of Hazrat Umar was.
Hazrat Umar (R.A) who had set up high standard of good governance which can be ascertained by his following saying, “Umar will be held accountable by Almighty on the day of Judgment even if a dog is died if thirst on the bank of Euphrates”. Obviously we need such sophisticated leader who would act like Hazrat Umar. Then automatically justice, equality and peaceful atmosphere prevail in every corner and crony of Balochistan.
By Akram Jamaldini
It was the era when the sardars, the best representatives of the people were compelled through gold and tactics to take side with the alien rulers against the interests of their masses. The jirga system was entirely corrupted and manipulated. Meanwhile two young brothers appeared in the battlefield of politics. Despite being the sons of sardar khan Jan khan jamaldini, strongly attacked sardari system. No doubt, they played the role of Wright brothers. As they took baloch nation from earth to sky by dint of education. Similarly their politics was no less than miracle. They drew a clear wedge between the people and their sardars, who had become the paid agents of British masters. After performing this glamorous task, both brothers became popular and trust worthy among baloch.
But here my article illustrates the meritorious services of Professor Abdullah Jan Jamaldini. He is a scholar historian, journalist, linguist, educationalist and archeologist. He has been sharp, brilliant, multitalented and competent since his childhood. He dominated nearly all aspects of life. He created overwhelming awareness in baloch nation through education. His egalitarian teachings influenced social and political life throughout eastern and western Baloches.
In addition to serving on the editorial board of several nationalists newspapers, he has been one of the founders of the communist party of Balochistan. He converged Baloch movement toward socialism. For the baloch cause he rendered countless sacrifices. Even he resigned from his job as a tehsildar and later on from Agricultural officer in order to actively join the baloch nationalist movement. He was to spend much of his life in prison due to his political conviction.
Actually, Mama Jamaldini is an upright gentleman, who had long before established his credentials as a paramount Figure of distinction, independence and character. He has a reputation of being a charming personality. He is a fascinating conversationalist.
During his political career, he was apprehensive about the future of nation, so in first 60’s, this small hand of valiant man in clinched himself with a long struggle of NAP. He pledged his life, his fortune and his sacred honor not only to find a nation, but to forge an ideal of freedom – not only for political independence, but for personal liberty – not only to eliminate the rule of others, but to establish the rule of justice in the affairs of men. His politics was based on socialism as mentioned above. He tried to put his philosophy in practice and pioneered “Balochi Zuban-e-diwan”, so the totality of his specialization embarks upon a large role by the well-wishers to regulate a sublime summit for the eternal integrity of the nation.
He has been an ambitious writer. The contents of his books mostly reflect the values of instinct in individual to sharpen their mental faculties and develop them fully. His writing is engrossed more and more in the development of social reforms of baloch people as a nation. He perceived the importance of using his mother tongue as a literary one. He even termed the official language and script of Balochistan, the lingua franca of its people, is Balochi. He worked at setting up a standard Balochi language.
Apart from this, he was strongly inspired by the political upheavals in turkey and Russia as well as the anti-colonial movement in British India. Meanwhile, baloch nationalist movement got under way. So he wanted to promote baloch national movement on scientific basis. Consequently, he organized a circle named as “Balochistan Sunday party”, which lit up as a beam of magnificence and glory for the greatest cause of the nation. No doubt, he has been a source of encouragement for the writers. He had the intellectual make up of a true writer and his entire thinking was colored with a deep sense of obligation to incorruptibility, love and patriotism. He viewed political and social problem in the light of his composition.
Above all, Mama Jamaldini is an institute in him. He dedicated his entire life to the Balochi cause. He also played the role of stimulus in Balochi literature. That is why; he has been knighted for his literary achievements and became known as Baba-e-Balochistan. All Baloch owe him a great debt of gratitude because he has been the first one to initiate Balochi Department in UOB.
To sum up, he is the real well-wisher and booster of Balochi literature.
With an aim to improve key social indicators, the Balochistan government claims to have given top priority to the education and health sectors in the financial budget for the year 2014-15.
Mir Khalid Langove, finance adviser to the Balochistan chief minister, presented in the provincial assembly on Thursday evening a deficit budget with total volume of over Rs215billion, as compared to Rs198.395bn total outlay for last year’s budget. The Balochistan government has decided to establish two universities and 14 new colleges, and upgrade 200 primary schools to middle schools to impart quality education to students. “The government has allocated a substantial amount for repair of impoverished schools across the province,” said Langove. He said that a cadet college would be established at the Chaman border-town at the cost of Rs1 billion. Universities would be established at Gwadar, Turbat and Loralai areas to ensure access to higher education to students in their own areas, he said.
Regarding the health sector, Langove said that 70 vaccination centers would be set up across the province and Rs1billion were allocated for the purchase of equipment for government-run hospitals. Similarly, Rs1.24 billion’s have been allocated for the provision of free medicine to patients across Balochistan. “Now Balochistan can be called a polio-free province,” Langove said while referring to poliovirus. With regard to law and order, he told the house that 27 per cent budget for law and order was increased and that the government had decided to impart modern training to police. He said the provincial government had allocated more than RS17bn for law and order, up from Rs16 billion. Similarly, the coalition government has also decided to increase compensation for the victims of terrorism from Rs2 million to Rs4 million. For the promotion of the agriculture sector, he said Rs6.35 million were allocated whereas Rs3 billion were allocated for the purchase of 200 new bulldozers in the province.
In an effort to improve governance, the Balochistan government has also banned the purchase of luxury vehicles as well as visits of legislators and bureaucrats to foreign countries through government funds. Despite the financial constraints and backwardness of the province, the government has increased the non-development expenditures from Rs154 billion to Rs164 billion. However, the government increased the funds for the public sector development program from last year’s Rs43.913 billion to Rs50.742 billion this year. Last year’s infighting among the coalition partners over attractive portfolios caused a six-month delay in the formation of the cabinet in Balochistan. The provincial government could not complete the development projects owing to delayed formation of the cabinet. “Government could not use more than Rs2 billion for development projects,” a well-placed source in the Balochistan government told Dawn. Moreover, Chief Minister Balochistan Dr Malik Baloch told Dawn.com that the funds would not lapse and a mechanism was prepared to re-use it upon completion of ongoing projects. The government also increased the salaries and pensions of government employees by 10 per cent. (Courtesy to Dawn)
58% government schools in Baluchistan operate with only one teacher: ILM-O-AGAHI
Quetta, PK – 26 June 2014 –”The post 18th amendment devolution made education a provincial subject. Forcing provinces to take charge and be responsible to improve the state of education for their citizens. However, the capacity to deliver still lags behind as compared to the current situation and challenges.
“The need to restructure and build capacity of provincial education departments is at alarming situation. Baluchistan is the most neglected province on education, it continues to deteriorate not only in terms of physical infrastructure but also human capital as well”, this was the consensus at editors’ round table meeting organized by ILM-O-AGAHI today. A number of senior journalists, bureau-chiefs and editors from leading national and regional newspapers, radio broadcasters and television channels participated in the roundtable.
The round table was organized by Mishal Pakistan in collaboration with Ilm Ideas. Earlier in the day a training workshop on education journalism was also organized and attended by more than 30 journalists reporting on education from various news organizations.
Addressing the participants, Mubashir Zaidi, senior journalist and the lead trainer for the education journalism workshop said, doing good journalism stories are crucial but both journalists and policy makers should start using data on education to improve the state of education in Baluchistan. Journalists identify community’s needs and can play a key role in setting the priorities of governments.
While sharing his views, LM-o-AGAHI program manager, Asif Farooqui said, the Pakistani media lacks a framework to appreciate quality journalism on education, he further briefed that this year the AGAHI Awards will have special categories on education.
According to Alif Ailaan’s Pakistan District Education Rankings 2014, Baluchistan ranks lowest in education ranking among provinces and territories. There is an alarming situation of shortage of teachers in the province. 58% of the total government primary schools operate with only one teacher. The report also reveals that 62% girls between the ages 5-16 years are out of school in Baluchistan.
The objective of ILM-O-AGAHI initiative is to improve accountability and media coverage of priority education issues and build consensus on education policies by engaging various stakeholders, including media and policy makers.
Through the ILM-O-AGAHI initiative, 18 education journalism workshops have been held across Pakistan in the last two months. In each workshop, more than 30 education reporters participated in daylong sessions. These workshops were aimed to engage the journalists reporting on education. The journalists participated in these workshops through interactive sessions, role playing exercises and peer review of their news content development skills.
Mishal Pakistan is the artner institute of the Center for International Media Ethics and the Global Competitiveness and Benchmarking Networks of the World Economic Forum. Mishal assists the forum in creating soft-data on Pakistan, identifying Pakistan’s competitiveness challenges including primary health & education and higher education.
By Akhtar Ashraf, Turbat
“Shocking is the fact that under the poverty line, being a third-world-country, In Pakistan, child labor is on its swift rise owing to various and multiple reasons uncovered, esp. the poverty side of the story of its citizens contributes to child labor, resultantly, children are disproportionately falling victims to this inhuman curse in the country where-as according to a report 40 million children are in trapped in child labor in Pakistan. Two million and four hundred (appr. 73%) of them were said to be boys. However, Pakistan is the second largest out-of-school population in the world with 7.26 million children without the provision of education”.
In Pakistan, child labor is day by day getting increased and the children are disproportionately falling victims to child labor due to multiple reasons uncovered. The children who are in the age of 10 to 16, are working in Factories, Agricultural Farms, Shops and Hotels for completion also due to poverty parents send their children for working with the view of earning some money. Beyond the shadow of doubt the gruesome issue is not only preventing children from getting education but also undermining the lives of whom are not getting any assistance by the civil and governmental authorities concerned with the aim of eradication of child labor in the country so far have failed to resolve this issues, and on daily basis due to the additional increase in poverty provided the huge destitution of employment in the hook and cranny of the country.
In addition, the large numbers of children are domestic workers who are almost 10 to 16 while thousands more even younger than the age of 10 and most of these young servants are girls who work in homes for cooking, cleaning, taking care of children, fetching water and all most for all of the other domestic chores. Consequently, these children are often subjected to physical, psychological and sexual violence by their bosses.
Misfortunately, the responsible authorities are not willing to explore the avenues. According to a report 40 million children are entrapped in child labor in Pakistan. Two million and four hundreds (73%) of them were said to be boys. However, according to a report that Pakistan is the second largest out of school population in the world with 7.26 million children are out of school due to poverty. As a last resort, it is the duty of government to provide education to all the citizens and solve this critical issue before very long.
The HUB of the Solar System is the Sun. Around it orbit nine planets and their moons, along with a swarm of asteroids (also known as minor planets) and smaller pieces of debris. The sun contains about 99.9 percent of the Solar.
The Sun and Planets
The Solar System is orbiting the center of the Galaxy. At the same time, the planets are in orbit around the Sun, all moving counter clock wise as viewed from over the sun’s North Pole. Each planer also spins in its own axis of rotation. The four innermost planets- Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars- are small, rocky bodies, sometimes known as the terrestrial planets-Mercury Venus, Earth, and Mars are small, rocky bodies, sometimes as known as the terrestrial planets. Beyond Mars is the asteroid belt and then the gas giants: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, so called because they are much larger than the Earth and consist mostly of hydrogen and helium. All four have ring system and numerous moons. Pluto is a small, frozen oddity, which for part of its orbit is closer to the Sun then Neptune is. The planets are thought to have formed Sun about 4.6 billion years ago. Astronomers have found evidence that planets exist around other stars, too.
Orbit of the Inner Planets
The Earth is the largest of the four rocky inner plants. Mercury and Venus, which orbit between the Sun and Earth, are known as inferior plants.
Observing the Planets
The orbits of the Earth and other planets are in much the same plane. As result, the planets in much the same plane. As a result, the planets stay close to an imaginary line called the ecliptic that represents the Sun’s apparent path across the sky over the course of a year. Inferior plants (Mercury and Venus) are always close to the Sun in the sky, appearing before dawn or after sunset, but never in a truly dark sky. Five planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. They can be identified by watching their movement from night to night against the backdrop of seemingly fixed stars, noting how they disturb the shapes of the constellations. The outermost planers are harder to see: Uranus and Neptune can be found with binoculars, but Pluto can be seen only with a telescope.
Opposition and Conjunction
The ease with which most planets can be seen depends on their position in relation to the Sun and Earth. The angle between the Sun and a planet, as seen from the Earth, is known as elongation. At their greatest eastern and western elongations, inferior planets lie in the evening and morning skies respectively. At conjunction (when elongation is zero), a planet is lost in the Sun’s glare. A superior planet can lie opposition; at this time, it looks largest, is visible all night, and at midnight lies due south from northern latitudes and due north from southern latitudes.
The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.
THE EXPANSION OF BALOCH ETHNO-LINGUISTIC COMMUNITY
Rise of Baloch Rule
When did the first Baloch tribal unions arise? The early political history of the Baloch is obscure. It appears to have began with the process of the decline of the central rule of the caliphate in the region and the subsequent rise of the Baloch in Makkoran in the early years of the 11th century. The Umawid general Muhammad bin Qasim captured Makkoran in 707 AD. Thereafter, Arab governors ruled the country at least until the late 10th when the central rule of the Abbasid caliphate began to decline. The period of direct Arab rule over Makkoran lasted about three centuries. By gradually accepting Islam, the scattered Baloch tribes over vast area (from Indus in the east to Kerman in the west), acquired a new common identity, the Islamic. Thus Islam gave them added cohesion. The Arab rule also relived them from the constant political and military pressure from Persia in the north. Moreover, as mentioned earlier, they benefited materially from the growth of trade and commerce which flourished in the towns and ports under the linked India to Persia and Arabia through western Makkoran. These developments appear to have played a significant role in enabling the Baloch to from large-scale tribal federations that led to their gradual political and military supremacy in the territories now forming Balochistan during the period of 11th to 13 centuries.
With the decline of the central rule of the Islamic Caliphate in the 10th century local rules and trial chieftains begin, once again, to reassert their power and influence. It is precisely during this period that the Muslim chroniclers took note of the account of the Baloch in connection with their conflicts with the rising local Iranian and Turk dynasties in Kirman, Khurasan, and Sistan. The Baloch are reported to have been dealt a devastating blow in Kirman by the Dailami ruler Azdu-al Doula (949-982 AD) and his uncle Muizz-Doula in second Khabis by the troops of Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud and his son Masud, at the beginning of the 11th century.
It is generally believed that the traditional era of the Baloch begins from Mir Jalal Han. The Baloch oral history states that in the 12th century forty-four Baloch Boloks (tribals) headed by Mir Jamal Han were forced by the early Turkish raids or as the historian Dr. Inayatullah Baloch believes, “ by the Persians”, to migrate from Kerman and Sistan into Makkoran, Relying on the corps of traditional poetry, the Daptar, Mir Jalal Han founded a large tribal union was based on an egalitarian system. The Baloch under Mir Jalal Han recognized their military organization by divisions according to Dr. Baloch later became the basis of the five major tribes, namely Rind, Lashari, Korai, Hount, and Jatoi. Jankovesky confirms this notion by asserting that it is evidently during this period that the major tribal unions, which formed the nucleus of the Balochi feudal nationality in the sequel, arose. He adds that “several small feudal states” also flourished there including Turn with its capital Khuzdar in eastern Balochistan, Kanabil, present day Gandava, Kech in Makkoran and others.
The early Balochi epic poetry, which dates from the 12th century, refers to Mir Jalal Han as the ruler of all the Baloch. However, there is considerable confusion surrounding the whole region of Mir Jalal Han. Apart from the Baloch traditions and the writing of the Baloch nationalist writers, there is not sufficient historical record. The war ballads do not give much detail about his further rule and his administration.it is, however, opined that after his death, Mir Jalal Han’s kingdom was divided among his five divisional military chiefs. According to Longworth Dames, however, four of them, namely Rind, Lashari, Korai, and Hout were his sons, and the fifth one, Jato Bibi was daughter. The Baloch nationalist writers and poets have paid Mir Jalal Han great tribute. They consider him as a “founding father of the Baloch nation” and the founder of the first “Baloch confederacy” in Balochistan. At the beginning of the 13th century, Balochistan was attacked over and over again by the Mughals. They destroyed the Baloch polity. The economic system was damaged and oases were reduced to deserts. However, the Baloch ethnic stock, that successfully withstood the onslaughts of the Mughals, founded the Sultanate of Makkoran, with Kech as its capital city possibly in the late thirteenth century. Marco polo, who sailed along the Makkoran coast on his way home in 1290, describes, “Kesmacoran [Makkoran and its capital Kech] is a kingdom having a king of its own and a peculiar language”. He further records that the people “live by merchandize and industry, for they are professed trades, and carry on much traffic by sea and land in all directions.
By Shehzad Baloch
Comrade Khair Bux Marri, a veteran Baloch nationalist leader and politician passed away in a local hospital in Karachi, since, comrade was going through a protracted illness in his homeland Balochistan. Without the proper medical treatment his health was very critical that he got admitted in Intensive Care Unit room in Liaqat Hospital, Karachi. During his life time, he was one of the ever personalities who always had deep thoughts of the welfare of his entire Baloch nation and took pragmatic steps for its prosperity and autonomy as well.
Comrade Kair Bux Marri’s contribution to his nation can’t ever be glossed over, for he relentlessly devoted his complete life span to his nation. He was born in Kohlu district of Balochistan in 1928. Basically, he got education from Chief’s College Lahore which at present goes under the name of Aitchisn College. His educational interests were always attached to the subjects of politics and philosophy which launched him to the career as a politician. He was also known as a Marxist by his convictions and a philosopher by his philosophical thoughts. Moreover, he was the head of the Marri tribe in Balochistan.
Since, Comrade Kair Bux Mari, was also known as the top leader of a banned militant armed group, better known as Baloch Liberation Army, BLA, which is currently being manipulated under the supervision of underground leadership. Being head of the Marri tribe, he had a huge power among his people and today, in the liberation movement Marri Balochs have the considerable contribution in it for regaining the independence from the subjugating State by dint of armed resistance. For this national cause, he overtly passed on the message of ‘armed resistance’ against the rival to his entire Marri tribe and to the entire Baloch nation. Moreover, he never let other non-Baloch people drive his nation in his existence as well as he stood against all the odds and preferred a dignified death to the degrading life.
To define his personality more accurately, in one of the articles of Malik Siraj Akbar, he mentions about the nationalist attributes of Comrade Kair Bukhsh Marri that “If there was ever a theory of Islamabad being able to buy off a Baloch leader by bribing him or offering him a top government position, Comrade Marri refused to be that leader. He will carry with himself a legacy that will distinguish him from his contemporaries such as Ghaus Baskh Bizenjo and Akbar Khan Bugti. While Bizenjo, during the last days of his life, softened his stance against the federation of Pakistan, Akbar Khan Bugti, on the contrary, turned into a hero after he took a strict position against Islamabad and was eventually killed in a military operation.
In addition to that, he mentions, “Comrade Marri stands different from the rest of his contemporaries as he lived all his life as a strong Baloch leader who was never apologetic about his political beliefs and demands. He did not contribute much to Balochistan’s street politics nor did he form a political party to advance his mission. His was a role of a political philosopher for the Baloch nationalist movement who continued to convince his followers through lectures and study circles as to why it was important for the Baloch to have their own country. He insisted that Pakistan had occupied Balochistan and expanded injustices against the Baloch people, in addition to exploiting their mineral wealth”.
However, even in his 80s he never gave up being a nationalist who believed in politicization and liberty of his people. At the end of his life with the appeal of his people to the so-called government for his swift medical treatment in international countries, but alas, provided the fact that the government didn’t approve their appeal and its denial further put more complications for due medical treatment and there in Liaqat National Hospital he breathed his last and the news of his abrupt demise has posed an unending array of mourning to the Baloch nation.
Though, in Balochistan, “Kill and dump” policy is very rife at the hands of state forces, still, He lived in Balochistan and struggled for his nation. He often said, “If I were to get sold and to give up my struggle for the eternal freedom of Baloch people, I would prefer death than betraying my nation”. His left political, philosophical tactics and guidelines are a source for the entire war-torn nation, indeed, Comrade Kair Bukhsh Marri, is alive eternally in our hearts and his contribution will be engraved in the golden pages of Baloch history. As he remained one of the true leaders of Baloch nation without the slightest bit of his self-interests; indeed, he lives alive forever in the history of Balochistan and his virtual support is their always with his fellows who are currently struggling for an independent Baloch-istan.
Comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri funeral procession in Quetta:
Departed comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri funeral was brought by C-31 to Quetta CMH where a large number of his revered people were waiting to receive beloved leader for solemnization and look at their deceased leader last. By an ambulance the dead body of comrade Marri was brought to hockey ground at Zarghoon road where since morning a large crowed got gathered to receive the honored leader remaining.
At the arrival of cadaver to stadium an emotive scene could be observed that female and male started shouting slogan of freedom with full throat and series of chanting continued for hours. The number of demonstrator was too high that funeral couldn’t arrange in stadium due to small space. The demonstrators along with funeral moved to New-Kahan an adjacent area of Quetta city, mostly residents are of Marri tribe and follower of comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri.
The elder son Changez Marri of comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri wanted to bury the cadaver in ancestral area Kahan district Kohlu but other son and the followers of comrade insisted for burial in New-Kahan Quetta among ideological comrades cemetery “Shuhda Qabristan”. The martyred of Baloch Movement who accepted lives in the pursuance of freedom for Balochistan are laying in rest.
The revered people were sobbing and crying for severance of great comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri but courageous people were consoling to aggrieve for being patient and were telling for adherence with deceased leader’s ideology. Comrade laid to rest among his ideological friends because the wheel of evolution cannot be stopped; the birth and demise are part of this evolution cycle.
The great leader would say, “The oppressed people of the world only can liberate themselves through constant struggle and ones who made sacrifices, now they are ruling the world”.
By Hanif Baloch
Enrico Fermi is considered a major figure in the discovery of nuclear energy. This physicist was born in Rome, Italy, was the first scientist to split the atom and his research later led to nuclear power generation. Together with Leo Szilard, Fermi discovered the first nuclear reactor that caused nuclear chain reactions.
It was in 1934 when Fermi achieved success in his beta ray emission theory in radioactivity. He then pursued further study to determine the creation of artificially radioactive isotopes through the bombardment of neutron. His research on the bombardment of uranium with slow neutrons is now what we call atomic fission. This led Fermi to continue his research together with Leo Szilard. Together, they worked on building an atomic pile which could produce a controlled release of nuclear energy initially at Columbia and later on at the University of Chicago. They completed this project in 1942.
Following the same mentioned technology state of Pakistan in 1972 commenced establishing nuclear technology and after few decades this state on 28th May, 1998, tested its nuclear bombs in mountain Koh Kambar Raskoh hills of Chaghi in North West Balochistan. For many people this day has been celebrating as Yum-e-Takbeer, (the greatness day) a pride for them but for Baloch Nation this day is mourn. That day was not a great day for Baloch Nation, but they are calling their self as an Islamic atomic power. After testing nuclear explosion the engineers and scientist paid a postrait nuclear and thanked Allah that they got nuclear power.
At that time in Balochistan the BNP (Balochistan National Party-Mengal) was ruling. The mentioned party head Akhtar Mengal was the chief minister of Balochistan and at the arrival of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif the CM of province Mr Mengal himself drove the vehicle from airport to governor house Quetta. Recently, Mr Nawaz Sharif during the visit of Quetta spoke-out that Akhtar Mengal was chanting slogan “Pakistan Zindabad”, “Long live Pakistan” with full-throat after successive nuclear blasts at the site in Raskoh Chaghi. But discussed party says that they were unaware about nuclear explosion schedule and made coalition with same that deceptive Punjab’s leaders. The said party also has taken part in parliamentary process and keeping silence about these testes and devastations in Balochistan.
They showed the world that no one can point out to Pakistan’s sovereignty. Being on seventh ranked in series of atomic power procuring countries the masses of Baloch are below the poverty line and they are living in the stone-age. The people value to sheep, they use their hairs and fabricate tents for shelter. Chaghi is deprived of basic rights, in which the provision of education and water shortage are the most noticeable.
The 30 kilo meter ranging grayish mountainous area of Chaghi after nuclear tests got changed in color yellow and white due to radiation of 30 tons of nuclear materials bombardment with five blasts in Chaghi, meanwhile two in the Kharan Mountains.
The poet Mansoor Baloch in his poetry said, “In the back drop of Balochistan’s occupation everything is weeping, invading the deep impassable sees, which is filled with blood tears”.
The radiation effects of nuclear tests in Balochistan:
The Baloch people of surrounding areas still suffer worst and drought engulfed Balochistan soon after the nuclear explosion also; Radioactivity, leukemia, cancer and numerous genital diseases have been reported from the different surrounding regions.
The people of Chaghi migrated to other parts of Balochistan. A large number of children including women got handicapped. The radiation of nuclear tests still exists in the area and impacting horribly to ecology. The new born babies including women are also suffering from adverse effect of mentioned tests.
Since the dirty nuclear blasts Baloch have been observing 28th May as black day, and condemning the rulers for selecting the Baloch land as their nuclear test venue. Each year this day Baloch protester demand to international community and United Nation to determine the radiation of these explosions in Balochistan.
Let’s know medical science how elaborates Radiation effects on the Human Body
(2) Brain: Since brain cells do not reproduce, they won’t be damaged directly unless the exposure is 5,000 rems or greater. Like the heart, radiation kills nerve cells and small blood vessels, and can cause seizures and immediate death.
(3) Thyroid: The certain body parts are more specifically affected by exposure to different types of radiation sources. The thyroid gland is susceptible to radioactive iodine. In sufficient amounts, radioactive iodine can destroy all or part of the thyroid. By taking potassium iodide, one can reduce the effects of exposure.
(4) Blood System: When a person is exposed to around 100 rems, the blood’s lymphocyte cell count will be reduced, leaving the victim more susceptible to infection. This is often referred to as mild radiation sickness. Early symptoms of radiation sickness mimic those of flu and may go unnoticed unless a blood count is done. According to data from Hiroshima and Nagasaki, show that symptoms may persist for up to 10 years and may also have an increased long-term risk for leukemia and lymphoma.
(5) Heart: Intense exposure to radioactive material at 1,000 to 5,000 rems would do immediate damage to small blood vessels and probably cause heart failure and death directly.
(6) Gastrointestinal Tract: Radiation damage to the intestinal tract lining will cause nausea, bloody vomiting and diarrhea. This is occurs when the victim’s exposure is 200 rems or more. The radiation will begin to destroy the cells in the body that divide rapidly. These including blood, GI tract, reproductive and hair cells, and harm their DNA and RNA of surviving cells.
(7) Reproductive Tract: Because reproductive tract cells divide rapidly, these areas of the body can be damaged at rem levels as low as 200. Long-term, some radiation sickness victims will become sterile.
Radiation Effects on the Environment
There are many forms of radiation. Some forms of radiation are found in the natural environment and others are due to modern technology. Whether natural or man-made, radiation can be both harmful and beneficial to the environment. The sun, for example can have positive and negative effects on plant and animal life. At low levels, radiation can be beneficial to the environment. On the other hand ionized radiation such as x-rays, gamma rays, alpha and beta particles can be particularly harmful in excessive amounts.
Natural radiation is often beneficial to plant growth. It is necessary for many plants to receive some form of non-ionizing radiation. Radiation that produces light in order for photosynthesis to occur is a positive effect that radiation has on plant life. However, according to the Environmental Literacy Council, ionized radiation that occurs from nuclear material may result in weakening of seeds and frequent mutations. For instance, a nuclear plant, called Chernobyl in Russia leaked in 1986 that caused excessive amounts of radiation pollution in that region. A huge cloud of radiation was formed which resulted in a massive amount of destroyed plant life; particularly pine trees in that area. High doses of radiation can be devastating to the environment.
The above mentioned devastation have been destroying the ecology of Balochistan and people are suffering from diseases afterward the nuclear test here. This area people are very poor and they are underdeveloped in all fields of life due to ignorance of state machinery. Instead of providing development in modern time they are gifted nuclear radiations which caused various plants eternal disappearance, infertile of orchards about fruits, contamination, drought and abnormality in new born babies.
The political parties of Balochistan haven’t learnt any lesson from past and they assisted state to use Balochistan as its laboratory because they have share or these have been founded by establishment. These said parties never observe black day the 28th May but in their informal meetings condemn the tests. These parties on one hand manipulating to contend masses and on the other hand colluding with state to spoil Baloch and their lives but they get incentives and privileges for doing so.
“Owning to the lack of highly sophisticated doctors, the medical requirements, general and executive sustainability of hospitals, Balochistan is pouring out blood tears for more than the imagined decades, the health sector, thus, remains under many foisted debilities to facilitate the masses with due proper and therapeutically assured medical treatment, since, health sector is not given the slightest bit of attention from the so-called authorities concerned, for what child mortality rate is on the rise in most of the less-developed districts of Balochistan”.
By Basheer Ahmed Ijbari
The health sector in Balochistan is not flourishing; rather, it is going from bad to worse in almost all districts of Balochistan. Regrettably, they are only Hospital buildings available for the decoration of cities and villages. And if we talk further about the buildings of hospitals, there are no good facilities, like emergency wards and laboratory systems, x-ray rooms, ultrasound systems and Out Patient Door, OPD, except Quetta, which is the capital of Balochistan. Unfortunately, others districts are facing hardships due to paucity of facilities, the masses of Balochistan are facing a lot of disturbances and problems as well as another problematic facet of the medicore health sector is that Doctors are also not dutiful due to their private clinics and medicals stores, where they are performing their duties round the clock.
The problems, which hospitals possess, are limited drugs and laboratories. Lets say that these are not available in hospitals indeed under the general rational observation this huge deprivation emerges overtly. Also, the people are extremely disappointed due to their leaders’ insincerity with the masses.
Indeed, health is one of the biggest problems of Balochistan; plenty of patients have died due to the problems concerning health. Moreover, in delivery cases lots of females have died in Balochistan and also in district Panjgoor its number is high, which the current health Minister Rahmat Baloch himself has said. And in Panjgur district during delivery cases, the ratio of death is high as compared to Balochistan’s other districts, too. Besides these delivery cases, other cases are too, like accidents and mostly appendix cases, are on the rise in Balochistan. And due to the lack of facilities, patients, under compulsion, are brought to Quetta for treatment. As well, patients are underdog whether they remain alive or not, and no one cares about them, except Allah, who saves their lives.
These tribulations of the health sector in Balochistan, at any cost, are to be removed by the current provincial government. Pathetically, these tribulations that are occurring in Balochistan should have been eradicated earlier, but we are facing them in 21st century. And health minister should also pay heed to these tribulations, which he himself is well acquainted with them. In advance, the chief minister Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch’s government promised that it would remove health related problems in Balochistan, and the masses still remember his promise. Therefore, they should now take some bold and pragmatic steps in order to bring some improvement in the health sector.
The protests in front of the Quetta press club against the forced closure of all girls’ educational institutions of Panjgur.
Bolan Voice Report
Baloch students, teachers, social and political activists protesting outside the Quetta press club against the silence of both provincial and federal government over the forced closure of girls’ private and public educational institutions in Panjgur.
Quetta: After receiving deadly threats from an underground yet unknown extremist religious group all the public and private educational institutions of Panjgur remained forcefully closed due to that the tensions of insecurity have been increasingly on the rise among the parents and the female students of Panjgur, a south-western semi-rural district of Baluchistan. In the relevance in order to rise voice against the prolonged silence of both provincial and federal government a gigantic swarm of Baloch male and female students with their parents, teachers, social and political activists and many other people at least from all walks of life peacefully held a protest holding banners on which ‘Save-our-girls-education’ and ‘Break-the-silence’ written and peacefully demanding the authorities concerned as well as the government to take swift action against the newly emerged extremist religious group for the first time in Panjgur.
Moreover, the extremist religious group not much well-known yet goes under the name of ‘Jamat-ul-islamia-alfurQan’ which recently posed deadly threats to the administrators and owners of private and public schools as well as the English language centers to forcefully abandon imparting modern or as they say that ‘European education’ is (Haram) prohibited in Islam and it inculcates western culture and their proclivities into the minds of female students which is totally contrary to the jurisprudence of Islamic sharia, clearly states their issued pamphlet.
Whereas, The recent emergence of this extremist religious group is actually first time in the very tumultuous milieu of Panjgur which never has since its very dawn witnessed any such ‘internal or external extremist group’ emanating from the war-torn soil of Afghanistan and Iran to dwell in Panjgur nor it has given birth to home-grown radical Islamists because the land of Panjgur totally comprises peaceful-minded residents so far as the unpredicted coming-out of this group is concerned. Moreover, with the strict restraints the pamphlet which almost circulated throughout the institutions of Panjgur, declares that “If anyone doesn’t abide by what is strictly mentioned in the Pamphlet would be considered the enemy of Islam and deo volente the alfurQan Mujahidins would leave no stone unturned to live up to their Islamic resultant actions and the ones who disobey what is said they will have to face all the consequences relatively”. Almost currently all the masses of Panjgur have been well-aware of the emergence of the extremist Islamist group in their district since amid an array of such other hindrances and disturbances in terms of the development of the district educationally, agriculturally, socially and in line with the infrastructure It has been for many decades facing crucially problems to fare better. However, since the bringing-in of English language of Sir Zahir Hussan, Panjgur has been on the top of the list among the other educationally best districts of Baluchistan. And it is the district hich has productively produced best students like Malik Siraj Akbar whose is currently an eminent US-based journalist whose home town is actually Panjgur but now given the abnormal taking place of radical group, perhaps, if the Baloch masses within the district remain silent over this issue, Panjgur would remain always the under-developed and more indulged in terms of everything which is much akin to their destruction in true sense and we must embrace the fact that “educating a male means merely educating an individual, but educating a female means educating an entire family, right by this philosophical quotation one would know the importance of female education for the development of that nation.
More deeply saddening is the fact to state that according to a recent international report that Baluchistan is very regressively retarding in terms of education of both genders, so, Baluchistan would take more than 100 years to reach the expected goal internationally, it needs more quality-based schools, colleges and universities to furnish best students that should at least be both nationally and internationally competitive as graduate, postgraduate and degree holding-students, instead of those all, in the province the number of active Madrassahs is quadrupling and surely there is a threatening possibility of the growth of more such radical Islamist groups. We all know that Baluchistan’s economy is very poor, so, from where funds of construction of Madrassahs are coming? By a little bit of personally cudgeling the brains one would come up with an answer that there is a well-planned story behind it to transform the framework of Baluchistan into the current framework of Waziristan where there the worst scenario of the Children and Women rights abuses taking place, no emancipation to women to get higher or private education, no right to participate where they have to, such a society the extremist sanctimonious Islamists are moving the heaven and earth to foist on the Baloch society whereas the history is evidence that from the very get-go the Baloch nation has been known to be a secular nation and it believes in egalitarianism both of male and female irrespective of the other things. With reference to the same forced closure of approximately 35 top quality-based public and private English educational institutions and of top English language centers in Panjgur, it is not a joke to deprive the nation of education as Baloch people are standing firm to hold the point “no-compromise-on-education”. It is clear that the exclusion of Baloch female participation in modern positive education would retard the complete nation in darkness without any light to find the way-out. It is enough remaining in darkness, now; it is the 21rst century, if the Baloch females are forcefully deprived of education in the presence of their parents, brave brothers, kin and kith so what else remains? Right now every solitary baloch individual within some affiliation with the land of Baluchistan well knows that in the province right now freedom movement is going on, so during this the state is totally devoted to creating many hurdles in the way of that movement, relatively, Banook Kareema from ‘Baluchistan students’ Organization-A’ speaking to the BBC Urdu said regarding the role of Baloch female individuals that “since in this fast developing globe Muslim women, however, have been playing a vital role in Islamic countries where radicalization has no existence, I believe, in Baluchistan, for past few years the baloch females have been very politically, socially and educationally active as the Baloch men. So, I believe, the forced closure of female educational institutions in Panjgoor and other areas of Baluchistan is the conspired work of the State to keep the Baloch females away from modern education which is their substantive need and source of awareness”. Moreover, surprising is the fact that both the provincial and federal government yet haven’t taken this huge issue very seriously as more the Talibanization in the province gets on its rise when uncontrolled merely results in destabilization and unpredicted repercussions therefore it is high time the government, the responsible and the authorities concerned took painstaking measures to root out this extremist terrorist group. If more the government remains silent over this educational deprivation issue of Baloch females so surely the more the Baloch masses feel being deliberately made to confront with such conspired plans under the name of Islam by representing extremist religious group. If there is any jurisprudence of service in the eyes of Government of Pakistan to be extended to the Baloch masses, so they must eradicate this radical group, otherwise, as the common Baloch masses are being threatened by the terrorist group not to educate their female off-springs, and today they burnt down a school-transporting van, tomorrow they might attack the school administrators or the students, if any such incidents took place by the so-called Islamist group, then as a result, The common Baloch masses in order to keep secure the lives of their mothers, wives, sisters and daughters would not take much time in selecting the ‘armed resistance as in defense’ which would lead to civil freedom movement and don’t dare call me anti-state!
By Kifayatullah Baloch, Kharan
History bears evidence that the pages full of illustrious personalities whom devoted their lives to their nations. To pay homage and tribute to such personality by jotting down following lines about “Yousaf Aziz Maggsi”
Yousaf Aziz was born in January 1908 at Tahal, in the family of Nawab Qaser Khan migrated to Multan because cruelty and injustice of shams Shah, intensity increased.
Yousaf Aziz was taught Arabic, Persian and literature. He knew well about British cruelty and their flawed jurisprudence of injustice. He thought and planned to get rid of shams shah’s region. He raised his voice against this and planned down an article.” Faryad-e-Balochistan”, which was published in 1927 in Lahore newspaper he stated in his article that, “The world is advancing but folks of Baluchistan are dozing I pled to the people of Baluchistan do not make yourselves a laughing stock, beak the chains of slavery and remove conflicts; be a light for nation learns lesson and sacrifice”. This flammable statement and revolutionary message compelled Baloch to envisage but displeased the state. Then resultantly, The British agent and governor general AGG and resident ordered to crush this rebellion movement. In that way, consequently, his article was banned to distribute and read. Moreover, Yousaf Aziz was sentenced one year imprisonment and fined ten thousand nine hundred rupees at that time on this short article such heavy and brutal punishment one can judge clearly those difficulties which were faced by Baloch national movement leader, Yousaf Aziz his party conducted all India Baloch conferences on 28 Dec, 1932, 93, 94. Many objectives these conferences were had which are following.
1. Unity, complete political liberty overall Baluchistan.
2. Patriarchal system to be abolished.
3. Heritage of women according to Islamic law.
4. Inclusion of Derajat and Jackabad.
5. Reforms and provincial grade to Baluchistan.
6. Establishment of new schools and colleges.
7. Establishment of small industries.
8. Ban on tradition such as “Waloor, Lubb, and Kala Kali”.
Unlikely, no result gained from these conferences to achieve complete liberty over Baluchistan, so, he decided to struggle against that system. To reinforce movement he met with Allama Iqbal, Molana Abu-ul-Kalam Azad, Zafar Ali Khan “editor Zameendar Lahore”. He invited several youngsters by his struggle into the movement. Continuously, he wrote many articles on subjects such as Islamic system of Justice, rights of women, capitalism and many more.
In addition to that, He held secret meetings with Khan-of-Kalat Mir Ahmed Yar Khan in which he planned; an ambassador strove to make them acknowledged Baluchistan as free sate according to the British treaty 1976. But dialogue with British government was in vain because British did not want this. He came back from England and expounds the last option, 1934 in Al Baloch Newspaper. He said” the only option and means to unite Baloch people and get freedom is “Arm struggle” with reference to this Dr. Anayat writes in his book. “Yousaf Aziz decided to organize vast Arm struggle and appealed for assistance from Russia. Today’s writers do not fell tiresome to pen down that. “Yousaf did not want to pick sword, but when we study Al-Baloch Newspaper. The sayings of Yousaf the great leader that he was the favor of such arm struggle, then, the faces of these writers become transparent and down.
To understand the revolutionary image of Yousaf Aziz, their leading dogmas are well dogmas are well enough (Nationalism and developing Islam). Today the soul of him must be agonized because his homeland is occupied. Some fake and so called nationalist present his glorious and great thought in other shape. This will be assuredly a joke to his theory. He was the founder of Baloch national movement whatever his silent feature is for his homeland, service for Baloch national movement. They are clean and crystal, but it is painful to say that he was separated; physically from us in mid night as May 31, 1935 in catastrophic earth Quake attacked Quetta. His thoughts, ideas, to a new state, his struggle, and his theory still exist today.
Everyone flowed tear to his sudden death, Mir Gull Khan Chate (Baloch poet, historian wrote a letter (31 August, 1935) to Nawab Zada Mir Shahbaz Khan Nosherwani, the younger brother of Nawab-e-Kharan and great activist of Baloch National Movement) about the sudden martyrdom of Yousaf Aziz there is no heart which does not beat. The cloud of sorrows, there is no eye which does not have tear, he showed the path and vanished, and he was the light for Baloch but inspired spirit of struggle and took flight in the sky”. At last we as a Baloch should think like Yousaf and struggle by adopting his method so that we may prosper and have a free state.
Bolan Voice Report
The centralized spokesperson of the Baloch Solution Front consisted alliance of Baloch Watan Movement, Balochistan Independence Movement as well as Missing Baloch Movement in his issued statement has said that Baloch national leader Mir Yousaf Aziz Magsi’s invaluable revolutionary struggle along with his pragmatic life is source of guideline. The front in its statement further said that on a national level and political platform, Mir Yousaf Aziz Magi gathered all the disintegrated Baloch individuals against the British subjugation and for the freedom of Baloch nation along with that he innovated various and divergent united ways of the struggle movement. In addition to that, for the interest of freedom he also gave critical heed to the diplomacy of international mobilization and to the journalistic fields, too. He also greatly realized the extremity to unite and make more contacts with the Baloch populated in India, Balochistan and other different countries to struggle in bloc against their enemy and in order to make his own people educationally, politically and mentally present and active-minded revolutionarily and ideologically, he also established various political platforms and thus, in that way strengthened the roots and fundamentals of Baloch nationalism.
The spokesperson also mentioned that when the British powers by dint of force subjugated Baloch-istan in 1839; consequently, the opposition of this international subjugation started sprawling like fire, whereas in the tribal areas of Jalawan, Sarawan and Marri the Baloch people stood up against it.
Moreover, Yousaf Aziz Magsi linked the revolutionary sentiments of his people’s resistance against the subjugators to their national movement and he provided the masses with organizations and issued pamphlets, although, the life did not prove itself loyal to Yousaf Aziz Magsi when a catastrophic earthquake occurred in Baluchistan that resulted in his martyrdom but indeed, markedly today his philosophical thinking, guideline and bravery with tolerance is present for us as an ideological tool.
Furthermore, the spokesperson also said that Yousaf Aziz Magsi also on every solitary step faced many obstacles and problems; the British and its state agencies always tried to dissuade him from the way of his struggle movement but he was a determined and brave leader, indeed whom confronted all the circumstances in tolerant ways to reach to his destination. The chains of forced subjugation could never get enchained his thinking, his struggle and his activities with the ups and downs and the difficulties he faced by constantly giving sacrifices and believing in his ideology made him stand firm on his mission and destination.
Besides, the translator said that the invaluable sacrifices of Yousaf Aziz Magsi and thousands of other revolutionary strugglers’ pragmatic efforts for freedom are a deterrent steel wall for the State that the Baloch despite getting their motherland transformed into getting ruled by the subjugators and for its autonomy and freedom they will move the earth and heaven to grow the seeds of freedom in the heart of their motherland, even if it required blood streams of its people and given this devotion, the Baloch people have never been unaware of their ideologically historical obligation for the defense of its motherland. And today the subjugator state with all every sources and war-weapons is killing and dumping the individuals of Baloch nation but the State must remember that Baloch nation is decisive and in a confident manner with the truth of its struggle than the powers and the traditional elements is more tolerant and the State should remember that this is the motherland of Yousaf Aziz Magsi and in its foundation the blood of Baloch martyrs is also involved. So, Till when the State will run its economic engine by the geographical and strategic significance of Baloch land? Or by exploiting the exudation of Sindak and Riko-dak worth corers for the development and infrastructure of the State and by using it to crush the Baloch nation?
Now, it is imperative for the Baloch nation to strengthen their struggle by applying the method of Yousaf Aziz Magsi and the thousands other to free the Baloch land from the subjugators by standing up together as the power and strength!
By Ahmed Khan
On 28th May, 2014, the Chief Minister of Balochistan Dr Malik Baloch visited the protest camp of comrade Lateef Johar in front of Karachi Press club, where comrade was sitting on Hunger Strike till Death for the safe and sound release of his abducted leader Zahid Baloch the chairman of Baloch Student Organization Azaad (Bso-A). In addition, Dr Malik confirmed that he knows better Zahid Baloch and in past they practiced politics combined. Between them political differences exist but never ideological.
In camp talking to media men he explained the mentioned facts.
Dr Malik Baloch appealed to Lateef Johar to give up his hunger-strike-till-death but continue other way of struggling. He also informed that he has been contacting with the security agencies about release of Zahid Baloch from the abduction date of BSO-A chairman but he couldn’t make any achievement in this regard.
When Dr. Malik was questioned he is visiting the hunger protest with Chief Minister Capacity or as a common Baloch? So, he replied, “I am visiting and appealing to Lateef Johar to end Hunger Strike as a common Baloch”.
At that occasion Baloch student organization (Azad) acting chairman Banuk Kareema Baloch said that she is the eye-witness, saying that the frontier corps (FC) accompanying secret agencies personnel picked-up Zahid Baloch the Chairman of organization. Further, she said that on the abduction occasion crowd got gathered on Mekuran road, Satellite town Quetta, they witnessed Zahid Baloch captured by FC and agency officials. Banuk Kareema narrated this in presence of Dr Malik and media men. Moreover, The Chief Minister of Balochistan Dr Malik Baloch on several occasion claimed his government in the province is powerful and his cabinet is authorized in all affairs of the province. He also many times said that federal forces, especially FC is working under the control of provincial government.
This is right time that Dr Malik Baloch materializes his statements on ground. It is confirmed that the abducted BSO-A chairman was abducted by federal forces and it is testified by Banuk Kareema and other citizens of Quetta. Consequently, the chief minister Dr Malik Baloch ordered his controlled forces to bring the disappeared Zahid Baloch on map. Otherwise, those critics will be considered righteous that Dr. Mailk’s statements are merely brags which always evaporate in atmosphere but can’t be seen on ground. In the perspective of Dr. Malik Baloch statement and affirmation about Zahid Baloch’s abduction and contact with federal institutes regarding his release mentions, he is totally helpless and even lapse of months but failure to bring Zahid Baloch on surface is confession for being powerless.
“A Teacher is a respectable guru and his advice must be sought and listened to, because he is the one whom can guide you truly and discerningly to find relentless ways of both worldly and afterlife success and prosperity by the dint of experience and knowledge and they are not our slaves but indeed our virtual parents.”
By Zeeshan Hameed Sohr, Kharan
For the starters, I would like to tell you a few things which I see about teachers and the society. Perhaps there will be no agreement between the way you think and the way I think. Perhaps I may be opposing the positions taken in the current code of education. I am neither an educationist nor a social reformer. It is my good fortune that I can talk about some fundamental aspects of education and society.
The possibility of any truth about education dawning on educationists should be taken as almost nil. They have been thinking for the last five thousand years but the present condition of education, its structure and the type of man that is produced is so totally wrong that it is natural that only unhealthy and confused leaders are born out of it all. The thinking that is done by the sociologists is also sick and unhealthy; otherwise human beings, their life and their thinking, would have been quite different. Since I am neither an educationist nor a sociologist, it is possible that I can tell you things which can be seen only by looking at the problems directly. For those for whom the scriptures are important, the solutions become more important than the problems. Since I do not know the code of education I can talk directly about the problems.
The very first thing I would like to say is that the present relationship between the teacher and the society has proved dangerous. What is that relationship? The relationship is that the teacher is a slave and the society is the master or owner. What work does the society ask from the teacher? Society wants the teacher to inculcate the old jealousies, old enmities and old thoughts coming down from the past thousands of years into the minds of young children. Those old people, who are as good as dead or dying, want to bequeath, pass on, such things through the teacher into the minds of new generations. It is very surprising that the society demands this type of work from the teacher and the teacher continues to do such work. This is a great disgrace for the teachers. The disgrace is that the diseases from which the past century suffered are passed on to the current century, through the teacher, as needed by the society.
This is needed because the old structure, the vested interests connected with that structure and the blind beliefs established in that structure do not want to die. They want to continue to live within the society. Because of the job done by the teacher, he is respected. Without flattering the teacher and without respecting the teacher, it is not possible to ask for this work from him. That is why it is said that the teacher is a guru, respectable, and his advice must be listened to. Why? – Because the society wants to bequeath its whole pattern of beliefs to its children through the teacher.
The Hindu father wants to make his son a Hindu, and a Mohammedan father wants to make his son a Mohammedan before he dies. The Hindu father also wants to bequeath to his children the dispute with the Mohammedans. Who will do this? The teacher will do it. The old generation wants to impose its blind beliefs on the new generation. Its scriptures, its priests and everything else is to be imposed. It gets this work done through the teacher, but what is the result?
The result is that material wealth is increasing in the world, but mental faculties do not develop. As long as there is that great burden of old thoughts on the minds of the children, their mental faculties cannot develop. In a small child there is the burden of a culture five thousand years old. The very life of that child is crushed under that burden. Because of this, the flame of consciousness cannot be lit and the individuality of the child cannot develop. The material wealth increases because whatever is left by the parents is increased or improved upon by their children. But their mental faculties cannot develop because the children are conditioned in that respect.
TEACHER, SOCIETY, REVOLUTION
Any developmental, creative activity is always future-oriented.
Our whole education is past-oriented. All our doctrines, ideas and ideals are taken from the past. The past is that which is dead and gone. We are trying to impose things which are thousands of years old on the minds of our children. Not only do we impose the ideas, but we call a child ideal that proves him a good follower of the old beliefs? Who is praising such a child? This is being done by the teacher and that is how the leaders of society, religions and the state are exploiting the teacher.
The teacher is made to believe that he is the disseminator of knowledge. He is not the disseminator of knowledge; he is the preserver and maintainer of the status quo of the knowledge that has developed in the past and he is an obstacle to the knowledge that can develop. He does not allow anything to leave the parameter of the past. As a result, we continue to do many types of foolish things. Those old things are not allowed to die. The politician has also understood this and he is also exploiting the teacher. What is surprising is that the teacher is not aware of this exploitation done in the name of service to the society. How many kinds of exploitation are being done! How we can forget our politician. The politician, knowingly or unknowingly, makes his thoughts and ideas enter into the minds of children through the teacher. The priest is also doing the same thing. In the name of religious Education this is going on and every religion goes on trying to make their beliefs and tenets, right or wrong, enter into the minds of children. This is being done at such an unripe age, when the children cannot think. There is no greater crime perpetrated on humanity.
What crime can be greater than making the child believe that what is in the Koran is the truth, or to put all such things into the mind of a child, who is innocent, ignorant and unacquainted with the world, is a worse crime than anything else.
Those words “honesty is religion” written on our doors can enable perpetration of a bigger dishonesty. It means that honesty will be used for committing dishonesty. But we are not aware of this. This has happened due to our setting the goals to be achieved in the future. I would like a system of education in which the goal is day-to-day living. There is nothing like future: Whatsoever I am living today is all and everything. We should create such an atmosphere in the Educational institutions which will help us “to understand, to recognize and to know” that howsoever harsh the truth may be, we should respect only those who speak the truth. However different and cruel the truth may appear, the truth only must be respected. From the very first day of our education, all the efforts should be directed towards increasing our recognition and knowledge of what truth is? We should know how to expose the falsehood and should know why we should expose the falsehood. Our Endeavour should be to increase the respect and dignity of truth. Geography, Mathematics, chemistry and physics are not as important as the meditative awareness.
Revolution; At the end I want to leave some questions for my readers.
Do you think it is necessary to give a new type of Education so that people may understand differentiations? Can Objectivity and Subjectivity be separated? Do you think it is possible to give such right education?
By Agha Jahanzaib Baloch
Education is the most important factor behind the progress man has achieved in this world. It has been the permanent character of human history and evolution of thought. However, in the past, it used to be prerogative of only a few privileged men and the pace of development was quite slow. Since it has been disseminated to common people, there has been rapid growth in every sphere of development: science, technology, sociology, politics, anthropology, etc. Now it is treated as basic human right of every man. Though, it encompasses a wide sphere of knowledge, it has been metamorphosed by man according to his needs. It has been mainly applied as a tool of economic development, which has limited its application. Consequently, people are deprived of the potential education offers for the overall development of personality and stability of society. The chaos in modern world is also partly due to this fault. Therefore, in order to meet the multi-dimensional challenges, man faces in the world, it is essential to impart real education i.e. liberal education.
The liberal education has been defined in many ways, though emphasizing, and the similar essential elements. The best definition is offered by the Association of American Colleges and Universities. “Liberal education means to empower an individual and prepare him to deal with diversity, complexity and change”.
As manifest from the definition, the purpose of education is to enable man to surpass the challenges faced in the world, to know and obtain his rights and to accommodate himself in the constantly changing environment in the present day competitive world.
The importance of liberal education in this contemporary globalised world is greatest than ever before. The world has become so shaped that every economic and social activity requires modern and advanced means of communication and technology. The transformation of technological development is on a very fast track. There is a demand of more interactive and communicant manpower to run this complex system. Moreover, despite the interdependence on each other, the diversity in different areas is in sharp contrast. Hence, the man is required to be quite sufficiently prepared to move forward. And the instrument that can enable him to face these challenges is nothing but liberal education.
This is why the renowned scholar “Skarnovey” says: “Liberal education: the developing countries must adopt it as it is a necessity”. Nevertheless, it is essential for every nation but the developed countries are already ahead in this sphere. The developing countries, which are still far behind, need to forge efforts to transform their education system in order to catch up with the rest of the world. Not only because it helps in achieving economic development but also because it fulfills the need of society in every sphere of life.
The sphere of liberal education is wide enough to call it real education. Basically, education is aimed to develop whole being of a person. It is necessary to educate man to learn social ethics, cultural values, religious obligations, and ways and means of a stable society and skills of professional competitiveness. Liberal education, simply, fulfills all these essential needs. It emphasizes the development of a citizen who is professionally capable of living in the society in civilized way – the way which is not only beneficial to himself alone, but also fruitful for other members of his family, community and society.
Moreover, It is best elaborated in the words of Kurth Kahin; “Liberal education teaches something about everything and everything about something”. His words can be best understood by contrast to the maxim “Jack of all; master of none”. Simultaneously, there are also people who are “Jack of none but master of one”. The people, who acquire general education without proficiency in any specific subject, are explained by the first maxim. While some people who are very skilled and highly qualified in one field like an engineer, scientist or doctor but do not know any other subject or field of life; these are referred to the latter assumption. However, liberal education is a moderate way between both the polar positions. It is aimed at making a person ‘a good professional in any one field’ and also to ‘possess knowledge and skills about other important fields’. More importantly, it makes constructive members of society better described as “Jack of all; master of one”.
In such a way, the objectives of liberal education are multifaceted, which address the requirement of society to a considerable extent. These objectives are briefly discussed here:
Firstly, it is the most important for a man to be an informed citizen. The people who are concerned only with their single professional field of occupation cannot be ideally good citizens. They would only be members and nationals of a community or nation. A good citizen is required to be participatory in the social and political building of community, which is the foundation of any society. As the actions of man are based on information and knowledge, without these none understands the obligation towards community and resultantly remains inactive member of society. However, but if the students are inculcated the knowledge of their needs and roles, they would be quite prepared to foresee occurrences and would direct their thoughts and actions towards social and political participation. This can be achieved when the system of education is made liberal which does not aspire to produce only technical robots in human shape but informed and good citizens.
Secondly, the philosophy of liberal education envisages the development of creative thinking among the students. Creative thinking has acquired fundamental place in the education system of advanced countries. The students are encouraged to “think a new”. The creative experiments, creative writings and creative art lead to frame the development of thought process. Though, it is practiced in western countries, it owes its origin to the most influential scholars and artists of Greek period and early Muslim era. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Ibn-e-Khaldun, Galileo, Khuw-arzmi, Newton, to name a few, all were creative thinkers. In short, whole of the development in the world and education itself is the result of creative thinking. On the contrary, the limited application of education is insufficient to produce brilliant minds. The specific technological development devoid of human values and ethics has failed to form the basis of a viable society. Thus, it is the objective of liberal education to teach the students various subjects like history, sociology, philosophy and psychology besides their professional field, so that creative thought is encouraged to be developed among them. Therefore, we need to introduce liberal education in order to secure our future based on collective ideals.
Thirdly, liberal education improves the skills and competitiveness of students, which is necessary to enable them to get foothold in the competitive market. For example a typist may have good efficiency in his field but computers have replaced typewriter. People like to get their papers typed on computer in order to save their document and to get good command. Now, the excellent typist is in trouble, he would go jobless in the market unless he learns to operate computer. Same is the case with every field of employment. The modes of technology are being transformed very rapidly. In order to meet the demands of market one should be quite prepared and skilled. Hence, the knowledge of mathematics, science, computer literacy and technological acquaintance are necessary to be imparted to the students, which can be achieved through liberal education.
Fourthly, as the world has become a global village, the importance of communication skills has been increased manifold. A person must be proficient in national and at least one international language. He must know how to send e-mail, voice-mail or to carryout visual communication. The social change compels the person to change the job for better opportunities. The talented people feel an urge to move towards other countries as well in order to actualize their talent and to obtain maximum result. This is where the communication skills are mostly required. All the communication techniques, basically, listening, speaking and writing are essential ingredients. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the skills of students through methods of listening comprehension and speaking ability tests. All the examinations of foreign languages comprise these elements and even very talented students from developing countries fail to go abroad due to lack of these communication skills in international languages. These few objectives of liberal education underline its importance and need in the developing countries, including Pakistan. Unfortunately, it has not been taken seriously.
The system of education in our country is obsolete. It is devoid of the contemporary methodology of teaching and the curriculum is almost from primary to university level. Computer is studied as a field of study only, not as a skill. Even in most of the universities it is taught only to the students of computer department seeking degree in that subject, let alone its use at primary and secondary level. In universities the students of other subjects like sociology, languages, arts and other sciences are not taught the computer skills. This lags them far behind from students of other countries and few quality institutes of the country.
Same is true of languages. English though introduced from primary level, is not taught according to the modern techniques of comprehension. Only reading lessons and knowing meaning of words cannot enable students to master the language. The methodology of English departments in universities is also in question. The national language, Urdu, is also not focused at any level of education. Learning of both these languages is important to produce capable and competitive students at the national and international level.
The fate of the students of other subjects is also not much different. On the one hand, they are deprived of computer and language skills; on the other they do not become proficient in their field of interest as the proper methodology is not applied. Faculty members are not well qualified, research is not pursued and creative thought is ignored. These defects of our education system are the main reasons of the chaos, unemployment, poverty and social instability in our society. In order to overcome these shortcomings, we must adopt the liberal education system without any further delay. However, this requires a well thought out and comprehensive policy to improve the existing education system.
Primarily, we should redesign our curriculum at all levels. All the major components or subjects of liberal education: sociology humanism, citizenship, history, philosophy, languages, computer and sciences must be introduced in every tier of education from primary to university levels in accordance with the capacity of students and the needs of society. Secondarily, all the institutions should be equipped with computer and scientific laboratories and libraries. The research and creative thinking should be encouraged through modern techniques of education. In this regard the accessibility and equality of all sections of our stratified society must be ensured in order to achieve uniform development.
Lastly, the faculty must be energized by providing skilled and experienced teachers. The existing teachers should be trained to equip them with modern techniques of teaching methodology. Fresh and young blood must be encouraged to join education field as a profession by enhancing the monetary incentives in the education sector. This policy will yield tremendous benefits to the future of a nation. The liberal education is hailed because it brings concrete advantages. The young generation of Pakistan makes bulk of the population of country. According to a report of the State Bank of Pakistan 65 per cent of the educated youth is unemployed due to irrelevance of their skills with market. If this portion of population is properly skilled, it will prove to be a boost to the economy as the manpower is considered a resource in all countries of the world.
Another benefit would be the eradication of poverty. Once our youth are employed, they will naturally add to the income of their families and consequently eradicate their poverty. It will also help in raising the living standard of our common man as it is directly proportional to the income of a family.
The liberal education would create sense of understanding and cooperation among the people. The contemporary chaos of extremism and isolationism are due to lack of approach towards collective interests and common goals among people. Once they realize their social obligations and think creatively they will initiate participating positively in the stability of society. It is quite clearly manifested from the discussion that liberal education, which is the real education, is an essential component of good governance and stable society. It not only helps an individual to progressively achieve goals but also gives impetus to economic, political and social stability to a state. In short, it forms the basis of human development in this complex global world of diversity and challenges. It offers a way towards a better change.