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By Aziz Ejaz
In world history, there have born some legendary personalities who had devoted their entire life’s luxuries moments for a specific purpose for the entire humanity who after their life occasionally remember them with fanaticism. Nelson Mandela, who was called by his clan Madiba, was one of the enlightened personalities whose gallantry achievements netted for him a name of world peace icon.
Nelson Mandela was born in a small village in Eastern Cape in South Africa in 1918, whose birth name was Rolihlahla Dalibhunga. The tumultuous life of Madiba’s family gave birth to a man who moved heaven and earth to eradicate the base cause of radicalism which was undoubtedly creating an environment of blemish and catastrophe for the black inhabitants of South Africa.
After the passage of time Madiba got enrollment in a school, there a teacher used to call him Nelson. Rolihlahla Dalibhunga father kicked the bucket owing to lung diseases when he was 9 years old. Nelson’s father was destined to be a chief of his clan, served as a counselor to tribal chief for several years. Nelson’s family was living in huts and occasionally ate a local harvest of maize, sorghum, pumpkin and beans, at the times when his father lost the title of chief over a dispute with local colonial magistrate, which compelled Mandela’s father to move in a small village.
Nelson Mandela was sprinkled in the Methodist church and he became the first in his family to attend school. His father’s death caused his to change dramatically. Mandela in his early age used to take classes in a one-room school next to the palace, there in his hometown studying English, Xhosa, history and geography. It was the time Mandela’s spirits showed a great interest in African history. Mandela’s courageous fanaticism towards its race and their rights to be highlighted internationally, eventually gotten fame and latter it allowed the black race managed to struggle against apartheid regime.
It appeared from the elders that how the African people used to live in relative peace until the coming of the white people. But after the entrance of white men in Africa they shattered the environment of peace. However black men shared their land, air and water with whites but white men took all of these for themselves.
In his early ages, he used to participate in the traditional and other curriculum that relate to the historical things and used to take part in ceremony that represented their custom and in this time their land was under the strong claws of white men colonial rule. Mandela wanted to develop a thought which to be providing authentic information that how his race has been deprived of the fundamentals rights.
Later on, he was enrolled at the university college of Fort Hare in 1939 and it was the only residential institute in south Africa for the white men, during his study times Mandela used to focus on the required courses and on Roman Dutch law to prepare for a career in civil service as an interpreter or clerk which was a best profession for black at that time to be obtained.
As he was working as a clerk in a church, he resigned from his passion at the time when a majority of students voted to boycott unless their demands were met. At was the 2nd year of Mandela at university Fort when he was elected as the student Representative of the council. Students dissatisfied with the supplement of food and power and latter this was the reason that emerged as boycott and resignation of Mandela because he was align with the student majority and the university’s Dr. Kerr who was one of the responsible persons of institute, expelled Mandela for the rest of years and gave him an ultimatum that he could return to school if he agreed to serve on the clauses. When he reached at home his elders seemed furious telling him go back to school and have to recant.
From here Mandela ran away from home. He settled in Johannesburg, where he worked a variety of jobs, including as a guard and a clerk, while completing his bachelor’s degree via correspondence course. He then enrolled at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg to study law. After joining African National Congress in 1942, Mandela seemed actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement. Within the ANC, a small group of young Africans joined together and started calling themselves the African national congress youth league. Their goal was to transform awareness among the public who had no voice under the current regime. This was later accepted in 1949, and declared their goals and ways of protesting that contain civil disobedience, strike and non-cooperation, with policy goals of full citizenship, redistribution of land, trade union rights, and free compulsory education for all children, is legal and adoptable.
Anti-apartheid movement against South Africa whose racist based policies were furious compelled the black men to rise a voice. Mandela for about 20 years directed peaceful, nonviolent acts of defiance including the 1952 defiance campaign and the 1955 Congress of the people.
In 1956, Mandela and 150 others were arrested and charged with treason for their political advocacy and they eventually acquitted and from this ANC were being challenged by Africanists, a new breed of black activist who believed that the pacifist method (a method in which someone thinks wars are wrong and refuses to use violence) of the ANC was ineffective. Africanists soon broke away to form the Pan-Africanist Congress, which negatively affected the ANC.
In june1961, Mandela, who was formerly committed to nonviolent protest, began to argue for setting up an armed struggle which was than considered the only way to achieve change. In 1960 ANC was banned and he subsequently co-founded Umkhonto We Sizwe, also known as MK, an armed offshoot of the ANC dedicated to sabotage and Guerilla war tactics to end apartheid.
By the end of 1961, Mandela with his companions arrested after orchestrated a three-day national workers strike, and he was sentenced to five years in prison in 1963. Mandela was brought to stand trial with them for planning to overthrow the apartheid regime by violence. On June 12, 1964, he and 10 others ANC leaders were sentenced to life imprisonment for political offenses, including others unlawful activities across apartheid ruling country.
Nelson Mandela was incarcerated on Robben island prison for 18 of his 27 years in prison from 1964 to 1982, thereafter, he was at Pollsmoor prison during jail times, and he was facing tuberculosis and as a black political prisoner received the lowest level of treatment from prison workers. He grew his reputation steadily and eventually became a potent symbol of resistance against the regime, was fuelling the distinguishing factors of discrimination and radicalism across the country.
In 1993 Mandela along with de Klerk were Jointly awarded the Noble prize for their pivotal work toward dismantling apartheid, de klerk was the president of ACN at that time. Mandela after 27 years in prison, became the first black man president of South Africa in May 10, 1994, at the age of 77. He ruled from 1994 until June 1999 and he used to work to bring about the transition from minority rule and apartheid to black majority rule. Mandela’s enthusiasm in bringing race equality, diminishing of discrimination and radicalism is the most influential one which won a great emblem of peace in the world.
In addition to advocating for peace and equality, he remained committed to fight against AIDS that killed his son, Makgatho in 2005. In his later years, Mandela was suffering from a lung infection which let him be hospitalized in Johannesburg from 2011 to 2012. Later on, Mandela was hospitalized many times by the same infection till the end of his life and on December, 5, 2013 at the age of 95, the great icon of Peace Nelson Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Mandela was married three times; firstly with Evelyn Ntoke Mase (1944-1957), having four Children, Winnie Madikizela in 1958, having two daughters, after splitting in 1996, and two years later Mandela married Graca Machel, with whom he remained until his death.
Balochistan guerrilla leader Dr. Allah Nazar Baloch chats with TarekFatah on Canada’s NewsTalk1010 Radio
Allah Nazar: Balochistan has been occupied by Pakistani forces in 1948. Before this Balochistan was a free state. Even Balochistan is geographically not a part of subcontinent.
Tarek Fateh: You mean the Indian subcontinent?
Allah Nazar: Yes. It is a part of Central Asia. Because of being a genuine nationalistic movement, it has its roots in its own land; it has emerged from the psyche of Baloch people. But, here the Pakistani Army, the Pakistani establishment and Pakistani immature state has occupied Balochistan; this state itself is a threat for the rest of civilized world, because it is a breading pond of terrorists. You can say Pakistani state is a nest of hornets which is breading terrorist religious extremists and it is spreading terrorism throughout the world. Even America, Britain and other countries are not spared of the terrorism of Pakistani state. And at this time Balochistan is the sole and only hope for the civilized world to secure the region. Baloch nationalism is based solely on secularism and mod-erate principles. So, I think the individuals and civilized world will take interest in this case. Although at this time we are not seeing any attention, which we are hoping, from the civilized world. But we hope that the civilized world and the people, who are struggling for democracy and humanism, will really think and they will support our struggle morally.
Tarek Fateh: But, Dr. Allah Nazar, people in Pakistan, when we ask them they say that you folks are the terrorist; that you are creating terrorism; how do you answer that question?
Allah Nazar: No. I am not a terrorist. And we are not terrorists. We are fighting for our cause and our struggle is based on international law and honors the international law. According to international we are struggling for our freedom. We are the freedom-loving people. Freedom-loving people mostly honor us and love us. But, it is the psyche of the colonial powers; they always used to say this against all the freedom-loving people. But now the world is really thinking what is happening here in Balochistan. The Pakistani state is creating terrorism and destroying the Baloch national movement and creating sectarian problems. Organizations, like Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Jamaat-ud-Dawa and other pro-state and fundamentalist groups are massacring the Baloch freedom-loving people here in Balochistan. All these terrorist groups are being sponsored by the Pakistani state and Pakistani security agencies like I.S.I, M.I, F.I.U. and others. So, it is an open secret that the Pakistani I.S.I is sponsoring all the terrorist groups which are conducting terrorism and carrying out terrorist activities even in America, in Europe, in Africa, in Arab world, each and every place they are operating terrorist networks. All that terrorism is being controlled by the I.S.I from here. So, how the world could believe the talks and whispers of a terrorist state, a rogue state that Baloch freedom-loving people like me or others are terrorists?
Tarek Fateh: But, Dr. Allah Nazar, you were a physician, you went medical school, you were a practicing doctor, what made you take up arms and lead the Baloch movement for the independence of Balochistan?
Allah Nazar: I am doctor but I am also a Baloch. I have a nation, I have a land, I have roots in my land and in my nation, and I have a culture. I have seen and have memories of brutalities of Bhutto regime martial law. And I am seeing the poverty; the cultural genocide; the illiteracy; all these things compelled me to take up arms. Therefore, my taking up of arm is not a sign of terrorism, because my armed struggle is totally bound by a political ideology. And that ideology is for freedom, not only to protect Balochistan but rest of the world and the neighbors of Baloch countries from the terrorists; from the fundamentalists; the jihadists; and the occupiers. So, all these things compelled me to leave my medical practice and take up arms against the brutalities and oppression of Pakistani state.
Tarek Fateh: Dr. some of the critics say that you should involve yourself in peace talks with the current Balochistan government of another Dr., Abdul Malik, who is now the Chief Minister. What do you think? Is there no chance of sitting across the table and having a dialogue with the new Baloch government?
Allah Nazar: No. No. Never! First of all I would like clear it that National Party or the government of National Party which is headed by Abdul Malik, he is not a nationalist, and he is a federalist. And I can’t say that Dr. Malik and his party is a representative of Baloch. Because, Dr. Malik has come into power by bargaining, through a deal with the I.S.I and now Dr. Abdul Malik Baloch is nothing but just a pawn.
I can say that the dialogues for peace are impossible until and unless Pakistani government withdraws its forces from Balochistan; and in the presence of international community; in the presence of the U.N.O, dialogues for peace are possible. Otherwise, without the recognition of Baloch freedom or Baloch sovereignty, the talks or dialogues are impossible.
Tarek Fateh: There is also criticism that your Baloch National struggle is basically being carried-out at the behest of some Baloch Sardars or tribal-chiefs who are funding this movement. What do you have to say to that criticism?
Allah Nazar: I think it is ridiculous. All the Baloch are totally supporting the freedom movement. It is not a class struggle in Balochistan, it is a freedom movement. Even the tribal-chiefs, the Sardars, the middle class and the commoners, all are slaves of Pakistani establishment or occupiers. Meanwhile, the tribal-chiefs are in the pocket of the state. All the tribal chiefs are puppets. They are playing in the hands of I.S.I and Military Intelligence. But, Baloch freedom movement is being funded by Baloch people, by the help of the Baloch people and the Baloch diaspora, and the Baloch working class who are living in Balochistan; they are supporting the Baloch movement. Baloch freedom movement is being led by organizations not by individuals. Those are just war-rumors and propaganda of Pakistani establishment and of colonial powers that show the one picture to the world that this movement is being run by some individuals. In fact, the recent Baloch liberation movement is being controlled by the organizations, by political parties not by individuals. It is being supported and funded by the Baloch people not by the tribal chiefs or any other. All of these are rumors, propaganda and fake allegations by the agencies.
Tarek Fateh: Dr. Allah Nazar, what do you say about Chinese presence inside Balochistan? Now we hear that the strategic port of Gwadar which is at the mouth of the straits of Hormuz, the Pakistani government has handed it over to Chinese military. How do you react to that and what can you do to stop the Chinese presence in Balochistan?
Allah Nazar: Baloch are thinking that the Chinese government is an equal partner and helping the Pakistani establishment to commit genocide of Baloch Nation. And Chinese are the equal partners exploiting the Baloch natural resources, Baloch minerals like, as it is in your knowledge, they are taking huge quantity of gold from Saindak. And now the Chinese are going to operate the Gwadar Port. But, it is not acceptable for Baloch. Baloch is thinking and looking at these things very closely and Baloch is reacting to that the Chinese are supporting the Pakistan government in order to exploit the Baloch resources and strengthening Pakistan to prolong its occupation of Balochistan. So, the Chinese policies, its recent policies, are imperialistic policies. Therefore, Baloch not only condemn it but will fight against it. Because, it is not only a threat for Baloch but it is a threat for the whole world. Even for India, for America, for European countries and for whole world. Now all those countries, including America and others, that are supporting Pakistan, the Baloch are really concerned about it, that how the civilized world is supporting a rogue and terrorist country? And the presence of China is not acceptable for Baloch.
Tarek Fateh: Have you seen Chinese military presence inside Balochistan?
Allah Nazar: Yes. Couple of years back, you know, there was a huge Chinese (military) presence and they were conducting joint military exercises in order to counter the Baloch movement. I think it was last year or two years back, two or three times, both Pakistani and Chinese armies held joint military exercises of counter-insurgency. And recently, when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif went to China, signed an agreement to protect the Pakistani port. And they are funding the Pakistani state in order to crush the Baloch liberation movement. So, all the financial and military resources of China are present here in Pakistan in order to crush the Baloch liberation movement.
Tarek Fateh: Dr. Allah Nazar, one final question: short of Baloc-histan being an independent country, will you compromise on anything which keeps Balochistan, according to the six-point-plan of Atta-allah Mengal or other people who have said that maximum autonomy should be given to Balochistan but it should stay within the federation of Pakistan. Do you out rightly reject that?
Allah Nazar: Yes. I reject it. Not only I reject it but the Baloch Nation has rejected it. Baloch will never compromise over these points. Baloch only want freedom. And we will continue our freedom struggle till our last bullet and till the last Baloch. We are struggling for a free Baloch Nation. Baloch freedom movement and a free Baloch Nation will not only protect Baloch people but the world needs a buffer state as, before 1979, Afghanistan was a buffer state. Therefore, the world now needs a buffer state and I think the ideal buffer state will be Balochistan. And it will protect the interests of rest of the world.
Tarek Fateh: Well, thank you very much for taking the time; I know it is past midnight in the mountains of Balochistan from where you speak. I really want to thank you for joining us tonight. You take care of yourself and Khuda-hafiz.
Allah Nazar: Thanks.
History never forgets those who sacrifice for their dignity and mother land and do not tolerate the slavery and fight against the enemies of their nation. The role of such people becomes part history of the nation. Shaheed Alyas Nizar is one of those characters who will never be forgotten in Baloch history.
The great devotee of Dr. Allah Nizar and his nation Shaheed Alyas Nizar, who was born in 12 July 1986 in a small village of Turbat named Kiken. He got his primary education in his native place. His father was a shopkeeper in Shahrak. Therefore, they settled in Shahrak. He did his metric in Sharak. In Shahrak Alyas was solely one who could read and take care of his complete family since his father had passed away. In a little age he faced copious problems in his early age. Being a Baloch I guess everybody is supposed to face challenges in their lives for getting a bright future. So later on, he was called in Turbat by his brother to continue his education further. He took admission in Atta Shad Degree College and during his college years he was very much interested in computer. And because of his hardworking He became instructor at computed center named Touch stone. He did his Advance at DELTA. (Dynamic English Language Teaching Academy). He had command on writing letters and articles to newspapers and magazines. To tell you the truth he was a great and honest teacher of mine, who treated me like my brother.
As he was doing his master in computer science in Baluchistan University, Quetta, So after completing his master he was on the way to Turbat, in Pasni he was kidnapped by Pakistani secret state agencies on 21st of December. After 15 days his Dead body was found with another Baloch activist Qamber Chakar. His firm commitment with a nation was appreciable. He is in our hearts. We never forgot such great leaders. He is immortal.
By Meer Jan, Turbat
By Agha Jahanzaib Baloch
The recent Long March started by the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons is currently led by the human rights campaigner in Balochistan Mama Qadeer Baloch. The Voice for Missing Persons was formed by the families of missing persons on 27th September, 2009, with the sole objective of seeking the safe recovery of their enforced disappeared family members, since the horizon of the organization and its members have been striving for the safe recovery of missing persons. In spite of several threats given by the state elements, even the camp of the missing persons was once destroyed but they still stuck to their guns with great zeal. They had held hundreds of protests and set on hunger strikes in the capital heart of Balochistan Quetta, taken out number of rallies for raising the voice against the injustices of their rights made by state elements, in Balochistan. They had knocked at all the doors of the state institutions including countries’ largest law institution the Supreme Court of Pakistan, but they had been disappointed from institutions, because of the involvement of anti Baloch elements in the issue of missing persons. Having got disappointed from the performance of these institutions, The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons decided to start a unique way of protesting by launching a Long March from Quetta to Karachi along with the family members of Missing Persons.
The protestors had to travel the long distance by foot, since the beginning of the Long March from Quetta to Karachi, the protestors courageously passed through various districts of Balochistan, in every district they were warmly welcomed and joined hand to hand by victimized families of missing persons. The families of missing persons were trying to let the world know what is happening in Balochi-stan. They tried to focus the attention of international media to highlight the issue on international criteria, but it was quite unfortunate that our news hungry media seems least impressed by Balochistan’s immense news value, In spite of giving importance to fulfill the dreams of Baloch missing persons, they are conducting talk shows on sister Malala but we have no regret with her. The families of missing persons are quite courageous to carry on their mission with great zeal. As the little girl NAZIA is quite frantic that one day she is gone discover her LALA ZAFAR and enjoy a normal life on this planet but the biggest obstacle between her hopes as similar with other families are the anti Baloch elements.
These missing persons family members have also gone missing from all happy occasions of life, this group comprises of young Baloch kids who have gone missing from their schools for several hundred days, because they have had to abandon their studies in order to sit in the hunger strike camp to demand the recovery of their loved ones. Unlike the rest of the normal kids of the province who are dropped to their schools by their parents and picked on time but the case is quite different regarding to these victimized kids, who had to protests for their missing family members in front of the Quetta Press club and hold the pictures of their beloved ones, every day they are hoping to discover their missing family members. These kids are committed and motivate to each other that not to give up their hopes, but none of us realize what is going on with them, but we do not realize that we all have a collective responsibility to resurface these missing persons and bring them back to their normal life.
The state media indeed disgraced itself by stay on the side of human right abuses, while the Long March conveys a clear message to the provincial and federal governments and the media as well that the issue of missing persons is not an ordinary one, it is emerged has one of the nerve penetrating issue for the state. Which will not fade away only by diverting the media from covering it? The missing persons issue requires urgent attention from international community as well as from the federal government to take it seriously in order to regain the hopes of missing persons.
Therefore, it is the moral responsibility of the United Nation and international community to step in and to help the Baloch nation to regain their lost hope. The United Nation must penetrate its nerve to resolve the issue; otherwise it will create ashes between both the parties. The dormant policy does not suit the UN like a spectator and would be a challenging question on the existence of the privileged in the world.
BY: Jeeyand Kashif Sajidi
Prior to, the election of 2013, incumbent Prime Minister made lofty claims of resolving the Balochistan issue. Recovery of missing people of Balochistan was in top of his priority list. N-league was the single largest party of Balochistan, as it won 14 seats, but instead of forming its own government in Balochistan, Nawaz Sharif invited a Nationalistic Party to make its government. As a result, Dr.Malik Baloch became the first non-feudal Chief Minister of Balochistan. This step of Nawaz Sharif was a prudent one because; Dr.Malik Baloch is an educated, wise and hails from a middle class family. This benevolence of Prime Minister of the state generated a ray of hope in the heart of depressed Baloch nation.
Immediately, after taking the oath as a CM, Mr.Baloch perspicuously said, missing person case is a chief hindrance in straightening out the Balochistan insurgency. He vehemently said, unless or until, missing persons are not brought to the court, the chaotic state of affairs in Balochistan will continue to deteriorate. Unfortunately, the judicious utterance of Mr.Baloch was like crying in the wilderness. The authority concern paid no heed to remarks of the Chief Minister and still bullet riddle mutilated bodies are thrown on the roads on daily basis. Moreover, during the PPP regime, Damage bodies were found in the premises of Balochistan only, but now this malevolent practice has been extended to Karachi as well. CM of Balochistan has candidly admitted that he has failed to settle the issue of missing persons.
Ironically, the mantle played by Prime Minister in solving this grave matter is far from satisfactory. As a minister of defense, he was summoned by Supreme Court in the case of missing persons. The rejoinder of the leader of the nation was pathetic .Overnight, he resigned from his portfolio and entrusted the responsibility of defense ministry to Khwaja Asif. It seems that it is against the dignity of three times Prime Minister of Pakistan, Head of the largest party of Pakistan, heir apparent of Takht e Lahore, to summon himself in front of Supreme Court. It is said old habit die hard, hitherto, in 1997, he was ordered by then Chief Justice to come to Supreme Court, the result was that the infuriated workers of PMLN attacked the Supreme Court. Mr.Sharif hasn’t learnt anything from his past follies and he is yet not willing to abide the orders of Supreme Court.
This attitude of Nawaz Sharif is condemnable. He should have gone to the Supreme Court and his presence in Supreme would have enhanced his own reputation and would have further strengthened the democratic system. It would have provided hope to the upright Baloch hoi polloi, who have lost faith from the government of Pakistan. Mr.Sharif should have fully availed this tremendous opportunity and his sincere efforts could have won many hearts and mind not only in Balochistan, but in the entire Country. It was a blessing in disguise for him, but unfortunately he didn’t fathom out it. On the other hand, former President Yousaf Raza Gilani appeared in front of the Supreme Court not once but thrice and was dismissed from his office by the orders of the Court. Despite the bad governance of Mr.Gilani, his deference to the Court should be acclaimed. He might have lost his portfolio, but his lethargic conduct has earned for him a feather in his cap. Whereas, reluctance of Nawaz Sharif has exposed his dearth of states man ship capabilities.
This act of the honorable Prime Minster will have dire repercussions. Firstly, it will augment the sense of deprivation in the Baloch masses and they will contemplate that Mr.Sharif is only interested in selling their assets like Gwader and Gadani to China and other foreign countries and He is quite indifferent to their grievance. Secondly, it will de motivate people like Dr.Malik Baloch and other liberal Balochs who have opted for parliament rather than mountains to fight for their legitimate rights. Thirdly, it will add salt to the wound of families of missing people who have walked 730 km in harsh weather from Quetta to Karachi to register their protest, but our ease loving leader can’t go to Supreme Court which is only 10 minute drive from his office.
The writer is the Assistant News Editor, Daily Intekhab, Quetta
By Aleem Azhar, Turbat
The first constitution was enforced in Pakistan in 1956 that was combined by 334 ants. One of the extravagant articles is the independet Judiciary. All supposed to abide by the rules of Judiciary weather that is the Prime Minster of Pakistan, a Chief of Army or a limb of a very low income family. Hence; the second constitution was imposed in 1962, in it also the main aforementioned article was pointed out. Similarly, the third one was enforced in 1973. Here the query comes to the all and sundry’s mind that is the existence of magistracy structure in Pakistan. Is any Pakistani seeking the orders of Judiciary?
However; when the twenty first Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP), Mr. Tasadduk Hussain Jilani, took oath on 12 December in 2013. In first full court symposium, he said, “I will be discussing in small issues.” Weather he will be able to solve the problems of those who are preyed of discrimination. It is sure that if a country becomes deprived of respects of their judiciary then the common masses of that country remain away from Judiciary. It is the reason that youth are going on the way of aggravation bit by bit. Now they are compelled to start enduring for a new destination.
Now upshot is in front of us, we have to think weather there is justice for common folks from Judiciary or not. . . On the other hand we can take the example of America, since he became a country; there just one constitution was imposed and till today Americans have been persuading that constitution. On the other hand the official name of Pakistan is Islamic Republic of Pakistan. On August 14 in 1947 Pakistan became a country and she completed her democratic five years just in Ex regime of PPP, 2008 to 2013. Before this the Pakistan was in the hands of Dictators, and due to the military rulers the half-life of Pakistan passed in dictatorship.
By Hasrat Iqbal
It was the very first day of the January, 2014, when the entire world was busy in celebrating the eve of New Year, wishing happy New Year to each other, hoping peace, harmony, joy and happiness. Prognosticating of no violation of universal rights. Expecting zero marginalization; persecution and Eager to see better opportunities for the oppressed nations on the planet.
Similarly, people of Baluchistan anticipated peace and tranquility. On contrary, 2014 started with bomb blasts and firings in Balochistan. On January 1st a suicide bomber rushed a car to a bus of Shia pilgrims returning from Iran in which 3 people were killed and 17 were seriously left injured near Ahkter Abad Quetta. The attack was claimed by banned religious militant organization “ Jaish-ul-islam”.
Unfortunately in Balochistan from the last decade sectarian attacks are directed against the minority hazara community, whose members are Shia. In the resent years there has been a dramatic increase in the targeting of Hazaras, started with the killing of the chairman of Hazara Democratic Party in January 2009. In 2013 more than 357 people including women and children were killed and more than 1000 injured which were claimed by Lashar-e-eJangvi(LeJ), banned extremist Sunni( Deobandi) militant organization, and its offshoots named Jaish-ul- Islam and Jaish-e-Muhammad.
Later the killings were justified legal by Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ) (the new name for the banned sectarian group Sipah-e-eSahba Pakistan SSP) and was politicized by many other religious parties for number making. However the hazara Democratic Party (HDP) and Hazara Students Federation (HSF) openly professed that government and establishment are heretically involved in the genocide of Hazaras. Since they argue to bring the stark involved extremist groups like ASWJ( farmer SSP) and its offshoot Lej to soothe the wounds of Hazara community.
On the other hand, soon after the incident a special delegation of ASWJ, headed by Molana Ramzan Mengal, called on Dr. Malik showing their innocence, providing guideline for peace and warning Dr to impose their brand of religion-political ideology to bring peace and harmony in province. They are of the view that peace can only be brought by their proposal and guideline. Dr. Malik seems apologetic and helpless before the demands of Ramzan Mengal. Dr. is well aware of the fact that who is involved in the killing of Shias and pragmatically he also knows that how much power he possesses regarding all these.
Whatever the ramifications of these killings may be but it seems as if it was the trailer of 2014 and a massage to Dr. Malik to be in the prescribed limited and not to have tussle but act accordingly with the guideline of Ramazan Mengal. In other words this all is an open warning to poor Dr. Malik and a possible clue as through beck of the all happenings which happened to his past counterpart Nawab Aslam Raisani. After all, learning a lesson from history Molana Ramzan and Mollla Shafique may be dearer to ASI than Mulla Qadir of Bangladesh. Honestly speaking I am worried of Dr. Malik’s future……
By Gulsher Daad, Turbat
Access to higher education in a democratic state is the fundamental right of each individual.
In the existing scenario of violence, the education sector of Balochistan stands destroyed which adds insult to injury. It comes to mind that no one pleads to cut the Gordian knot which left the educational system hanging by a thread.
It is safe to say that Balochistan University, a prestigious institute, has been serving the needs of students since1970, now seems to be unsecure for teachers who are true to their salt.
Due to the ongoing climate of fear, in 2009, more than 100 university professors had pleaded to be transformed including twenty five senior PhD holding Professors in order to save their lives.
The situations went from bad to worse when the lady assistant Professor Mrs. Nazima Talib, was targeted outside the University of Balochistan in April 2010. Since then, the desperate situations don’t turn the corner.
Worryingly, the continuation of strike for budget has not only destroyed the reading culture but also left the teachers in lurch, yet no concerted steps have been taken by the government side to bury the hatchet.
It is clear that in these circumstances one can better imagine the state of human development in an already backward-looking region. The official literacy rate is 53% and Baluchistan’s official literacy ratio cut a sorry figure by falling short of 36%.
Balochistan, despite covering 43% era of Pakistan, has been given the lowest number of educational institutions. According to the NEC, out of the total number of educational institutions in the country, 48 per cent are in Punjab, 22 per cent in Sindh, 17 per cent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 5 per cent in Balochistan. It is a fact that the existing number of educational institutions fail to give intellectual food to the people of far flung eras in the neglected province. A well-researching report accentuates that the number of primary, middle and high schools across the province, is 12600 among which 2000 are converted to ghost school. Neither the government nor the local people take interests to tackle the insurmountable issue.
As a result, less than 2 percent female population is literate in the dispossessed province while another enlightening report states that 23 million children are deprived of basic schooling in Balochistan. The article 25-A emphases to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 5 to 16 years, although no serious steps have been undertaken.
Ironically, it can be the cause of destroying the county’s future economic life, as it provides the fuel and other minerals to the country. If people of this region remain illiterate, it will be a herculean task for government to use the land in order to strengthen the economic sector.
So, I would like to draw the attention of provisional as well as federal government to reshuffle state-run institutions and make the dysfunctional schools functional in every nook and corner of the low-tech province.
By Haq Nawaz Kosur, Pasni
Gwadar is considered as the future of economic hub of Pakistan. But couple of years, the political, economic and social life of Gwadar is showing a dismal picture. Every citizen of district is fed up the corrupt system, which is under the influence of key stakeholders of district. The completion of Gwadar deep sea port (GDSP) has brought a dynamic hopes for the people of Balochistan, particularly, district Gwadar, but unfortunately, hopes of people are still remaining in cold store.
This is empirical evidence that the stakeholders of both federal and provincial government have shown a false green garden to the people of Gwadar. It has been considered that it will bring an economic and social change for entire region. The waves of prosperity and bankability of Arabian Sea can change the destiny of district people.
As the resident of Gwadar, neither I nor district citizen could see this stupid affirmative change.
Similarly, we only see that district Gwadar is the hub of drugs trafficking, drugs intoxicating, fishing mafia (illegal fishing), oil mafia and illiteracy.
Gwadar district consists of four Tehseli, Pasni, Ormara, Jiwani and Gwadar. These all are coastal towns of Balochistan where every kinds of illicit business are in peak. Despite promises and pledges of seasonal politician but circumstances still worsen in economics field.
Likewise, 70 percent people are indulged in drugs around Pakistan. According to BBC, the coastal towns of Makran are second drugs smuggling regions after the Mexico. The biggest drugs smugglers and sellers have widespread their illegal business in entire coastal belt. Moreover, they have political affiliation in regions. That is the why they openly do this heinous deeds under the presence of executive, MPA and MNA.
Secretly talking, I personally know a woman (s) who smokes heroin, she has three sons, all of them smoke heroin. When I asked her, why does she do such heinous intoxicant? She replied, once upon a time she sold drugs of influential persons (xyz), that’s why, the presence of numerous drugs, she used them. It is shocking, where hundreds of women smoke heroin, marijuana and shisha, now one guess how will be the condition of men?
The young generations of Balochistan, particularly district Gwadar youth are standing between devil and deep sea. On the other hand, drugs mafias are earning money and destroying the life of innocent people.
Likewise, the fishing mafias (illegal fishing) are doing genocide the marine life. They are indulged illicit fishing and gradually destroying the marine life of Baloch Ocean. According to an estimate of Pakistan marine research millions of fishes are disappearing due to illegal fishing. On the other side, a common fisherman doesn’t found fishes in huge Sea due to illicit fishing. In this way, fishing mafia earns millions of rupees in one day. Despite the presence of coast guards, Navy and fisheries department, the MPA of Gwadar has become silent spectator against these black sheep’s where poor fisherman have no access to two time bread. How these fishermen teach their children?
The fisheries department is under the corrupt bureaucrats whom interests are only money rather than buildup fishermen life and their children future. I met a sailor Nokada Shafi who said the MPA of Gwadar takes money, that’s why he is totally silent of this matter. Undoubtedly, these illegal acts of MPA and influential executive have eradicated the socio-economic life of district people.
Similarly, education is one of the biggest problems of district. The literacy rate is only 30 percent. Majority population is illiterate. As I considered, after district Awaran, the condition of education of Gwadar is worst in whole over Balochistan.
I met with many fishermen, like Nakoda, Shafi, Bori, Akbar, Abol, Dilwash, Jami,Ghulam, Akbar, Malang, Kuda Ganj,Dawd Dost,Jami Garib,Dilpul,Badr Shad and many more. I questioned them, why don’t they send their children in school? First of all, they laughed at me, and then replied, if they send their children in school or make them educated, they would be jobless and you know that job will be given to favorite people, relatives and those whom have political affiliations with MPA or MNA.
I was totally shocked and nervous. I had no words to give response. But God knows they were absolutely correct. They prepare their children to sea, when they attend six or seven year of life. Even though, sometimes giant waves of Baloch Ocean could cause of these innocents death. Moreover, their corps wouldn’t be founded under deep sea.
It is fact; it cannot be denied that fishermen of district sell their women gold for two time bread and passing of life. The jobs are given to those people whom have political approaches with ministers or any other mean. On the other side, the general mass of district Gwadar is hopelessness and the situations are in great vulnerabilities. Mr. Jamil Baloch who has done Post graduation in engineering but he is still jobless and goes to sea for earning money, As he belongs to a poor family and doesn’t have approaches with political stakeholders. He said, my basic rights are given to these ministers and I have no hopes to them.’’(Very sad).
I request to the all stakeholders of Balochistan, along with respectable chief justice, chief minister, Governor and chief secretary to take some effective steps against these mafias whom are destroying socio-economic and political life of district. Moreover, a committee should be formulated which would ensure the viable and clear investigation in fisheries department and illegal recruitment of particular department in district Gwadar. Moreover, check the corruption in health and education department. Besides these, the previous construction and development of former minister of district Gwadar must be taken in consideration.
These issues need widespread attention. If these problems would not be solved or neglected than the conditions of people of Gwadar would be worsen then Rwanda in coming period, which would cause of serious threat for state sovereignty and integrity. Now, the conditions of world have been changed, the new assumptions and principles are adopted by the world. It makes high responsibility of key stakeholders to do something against these mafias effectively.
Bolan Voice Report
The central chairman of Baloch Salvation Front Saeed Yousaf Baloch, Watan Movement’s Qadir Baloch, Central Chairman Hani Baloch and Vice Chairperson Zamoor Azad Baloch in a combined condoling statement expressed grieves for great South African historical leader and symbol of peace Nelson Mandela’s demise.
They said that deceased leader deserves a rich tribute for unprecedented struggle about deliverance among the occupied and enslaved nations, in entire world. He was like a glinting torch for the entire world. His struggle against slavery and apartheid is symbolic and it provided courage to downtrodden people to stand-up against slavery. Mandela’s humane quality and forbearing power made him ideal among the oppressed people of world. Mandela’s departure has deprived them of a great and seasoned leader. Entire world is tensed by Mandela’s physical severance. Africans are mourning for disjointment of Mandela’s historical struggle and revolutionary norms. His introduced traditions are like precious treasure for globe dwellers and will be with them, eternally.
Nelson Mandela devoted his life for deliverance of enslaved people and fought against apartheids in Africa, steadfastly. He was a patriotic African leader, who revealed as a messenger of freedom for the Africans. His year’s prolonged struggle liberated South African, withstanding brought to end the apartheids’ notion between blacks and whites. He through his message made known to world that South Africa is belonging of blacks as equal to white origin people, and no one can rule on this state without consent of here’s people.
Nelson Mandela not only struggled for emancipation of South African as politically but on military ground also formed M.K and designed “M-Plan”, where he launched the secret activities. He conglomerate masses curiosity and applied those against despotism, like used boycott, civil disobedience, sabotage and other revolutionary tactics exactly for rouse and conscious about freedom in South African. He cashed martyrs’ blood for humanity and political awareness of his nation.
Nelson Mandela’s life was full with pain and sacrifices. In 1964, he was sentenced for life time prisons and faced agony of Jail for 27 years. Such terrible acts couldn’t weaken his cause in any aspect and no one testifies stumble in Mandela’s determination. In Jail, he equipped non-political prisoners with arm of ideology, who afterward inducted in liberation war.
Western states, like America and British declared Mandela’s struggle as terrorist but he without caring the mentioned states accent and outdated notions continued his struggle and refuted all those indictments but proved him a gleaming star and become an icon of peace.
The art of leadership someone learn from Nelson Mandela and the life of this noble person is a symbolic for current era mankind. In 1991, after his release, the America rescinded the word ‘terrorist’ tagged with him; this was certainly Mandela’s victory. At that time, even Amnesty international was considering him as terrorist. A time came; the United Nation awarded him the Noble prize. Today, British and America consider him the most respectable personality which is triumph of national freedom struggle.
Bolan Voice Report
Baloch Student Organization-Azad’s central spokesperson said in a statement that according to United Nation laws and regarding the articles relate with Human rights that every nation preserves the right to utilize its resources for its national welfare and live independently on its motherland, but the condition is contrast in Pakistan. Here nobody is allowed to express freely, especially when you are a Baloch.
The occupancy of state on Baloch land and resources is a real threat for nation’s survival. Baloch nation being so rich in natural resources, is suppressed by the state elements, in the abundance of recourses the heir Balochs are compelled to lead lives below the rate of poverty line, the reason is that state is consuming the resources of Baloch in order to strengthen the Punjab’s industrial and other sectors.
The establishment is quite adamant to eliminate Baloch and determined to suppress the nation for submission that the mentioned resources to be provided to the Punjab. It is so worrying that the state is obstinate to utilize resources but eliminate Baloch.
Now they have made an agreement to hand over Gwadar seaport to China without permission of the Baloch nation. Gwadar port, which is an important hub for international trade in the world, is in utmost need of China. Because she is unbending to enhance its occupancy on Gwadar by establishing a naval base; resultantly, this project handing over a menace for Baloch as well as an alarming sign for oppressed nations of the world.
Pakistan and China have recently signed a pact to construct road and rail link from Gwadar to Kashghar in order to boost their economies and they are intended to take future crown on their hands by exploiting Baloch resources. The recent visit of the Chinese delegation to Gwadar is ostensible evident about implementation of the discussed accord on ground, and Chinese experts surveyed for an exact location to establish naval base in Gwadar.
Baloch, on this juncture, notifies to China that she mustn’t carry-on any project further on Baloch land including Gwadar mega project. Baloch strongly condemns the China’s involvement in the quest of energy and other resources in Balochistan, especially in Gwadar project because nation preserves the right to utilize the resources for its masses but not for the Punjab. Baloch will continue its struggle until nation gets emancipation, and prior this no one is allowed to make any sort of agreement with the state regarding Baloch resources.
The universe is everything that exists-all matter, space, and time.it extends as far as the largest telescopes can see, at least 10 billion light-years in all direction around us. The Universe is bought to have formed in a gigantic explosion, called the Big Bang, about 10 to 20 billion years ago and is still expanding. Within the Universe, matter is held together by gravity in structures of varying size.
Most of the visible matter in the Universe is grouped in huge aggregations of stars, gas, Sun, is an insignificant star in a galaxy of at least 100 billion others (usually known as “the Galaxy”). Although it is difficult to tell from our position inside it, the Galaxy is thought to be spiral in shape. There is some evidence indicating that there is a bar of material across the center. The Galaxy is about 100,000 light-years in diameter, and we are located about two-thirds of the way from the center to the rim, in one of its spiral arms. The stars that we see in spiral arms. The stars that we see in the sky are all part of the Galaxy. Those nearest to us appear in all directions in the sky, and from the constellations (seep.18). Since the Galaxy is flattened in shape, more distant stars mass into a hazy band known as the Milky Way.
THE MILKY WAY
The Milky Way, a pale band that can be seen arching across the sky on dark nights, consists of innumerable distance stars within our Galaxy. In this view of the Milky Way, looking toward the center of the Galaxy, apparent gaps are caused by clouds of dark dust that lie in the spiral arms, Obscuring the light from stars behind.
The Universe contains countless galaxies, some of which we can see from the Earth. Galaxies are divided into spirals, barred spirals, elliptical, and irregulars. Spirals have arms that consist of relatively young stars. In barred spirals, the arms extend from the ends of a central bar. Elliptical galaxies, consisting of old stars, have no arms and very little gas or dust. Stars have no arms and very little gas or dust.
Irregular galaxies have no regular shape or structure. The largest galaxies are elliptical, with more than time the mass of our Galaxy; some right giant elliptical may have formed by the merger of smaller galaxies. Far off in the Universe are objects called quasars that emit as much energy as a galaxy from an area not much larger than the Solar system. Quasars, and their less luminous relatives, known as Seyfert Galaxies and BL lacerate objects, are thought to be galaxies with massive black holes at their centers.
By Hani Abid, Turbat
Existence of mankind on earth was the announcement of the initial evils like unfair desires, inflexibility, and greed and wishes to have the superiority and the best of worldly comforts. Hence the emergence of the war took place.
The occurrence of the First World War in the world history is not very precisely known, but it is assumed that beginning of evil feelings of human beings was the cause of flourishing war. Will Arid Durant discovered that in about 3200 years of recorded history, there only have been 200 or 50 years without war.
Countless records are found in historiography of the very ancient wars. In Mesopotamian’s region during the period 3,000-2,300BC in Bronze Age, some of the oldest wars are acknowledged. “Stele of Vulture,” in Louvre Museum, depicts the war between Lagash and Uma, estimated to have taken place in 2525 BC. This was neither the beginning nor the end. Several other wars had been wagged before and thereafter. In illustration, the first war of genocide against the Neanderthals, whose data is present in Rick Weise’s “Climate Link to Neanderthal Demise of Abates”.
2. The battle of Megiddo (13th Century BC), fought between Egyptian forces.
3. The Black War from 1828 to 1832 in Tasmania, among Aborigines’ and Europeans. Additionally, Iran-Iraq war, the first and second world wars and the wars of Korea, Malaya, Borneo and Vietnam during (old War, resulted the earth to witness bloodbath).
No doubt, wars have been continuously fought from men to men, states to states, for the purpose of saving humanity and bringing justice in the world. Conflicts in any state were seldom the production of crude systems such as colonialism, imperialism, racism so on and so forth. Heidelberg institute for the International conflict research on Monday December 15, 2006, represented a report of causes of wars. It includes peaceful disputes over politics or broader, as well as those involving sporadic or constant violence. Ideological change is both the most common cause of conflicts and roots of wars. Similarly, Congo’s ongoing conflict encompasses a battle for its mineral resources and according to some, an invasion by another state. However, whatever the reason gave birth to wars, there has always been loss of lives. Be that the battle of Jews, year 200000BC, which swallowed 10 lives or the bloodiest war of history, WW1, which lasted for 7 years snatching the lives of 60/70 million fatalities.
War can’t be thoroughly rooted out that’s a universal fact. What we can do is that giving the least time to it for lasting by adopting the ideology of the role models like Mandela and by killing the thirst of power and domination.
By Baloch Khan
“A Battle Field for Balochistan” is newly published book of Yousaf Ajab Baloch, a young journalist and human rights activist. Yousaf is also editor of The Balochistan Point, an online English newspaper of in Pakistan and Sub-editor at Monthly Bolan Voice, a wildly circulated English magazine in Balochistan. The book has been revealed after critical thinking and observation.
Contexts in book are based on contemporary issues, the geopolitical, geostrategic and geo-economics importance of Balochistan. The writer has dedicated book to those journalists, intellectuals, teachers and human rights activists, who become victim of, kill and dump or target killed in Balochistan, As Balochistan is not save place for journalists and human rights defenders where human rights violation is on its peak.
This is one of the courageous efforts in Balochistan, the author has done. The book is collection of his online published articles or the articles published in Daily Times, Bolan Vice and national and international papers.
The book discusses importance of Baloch resources. Writer highlights in Reko-Diq and Balochistan’s fate, “The minerals at Reko Diq estimated at 5.9 billion tons. These minerals resources lie in the Chaghi area of Pakistan’s southwest Balochistan .The export estimate that only a small part of the reko diq gold and copper mines (EL-5) have deposits worth of US 270 billion dollars.
I find this book projecting transparent pictures that how China is plundering resources in Balochistan. “The plunder of Saindak’s copper and gold proved that federation is only interested to exploit Baloch resources with multinational companies like China Metallurgical Corporation (MCC). No doubt these resources could bring radical change in Balochistan socio-economic system, unfortunately they could not established a Primary school”
The author markets one of the most serious issue of target killing and enforced disappearance of journalists in Balochistan. In his book Yousaf terms Balochistan, ‘A battle ground for journalists’ and gives detail of more than 30 journalists who had been killed during performing their duties. “The murder of Baloch intellectuals, journalists and human rights activists is an inordinate loss for Balochistan which can never be compensated. It is hard for journalists and an activist of civil liberty to practices their responsibility in Balochistan without any fear.” The writer fears
This book articulates real story of Baloch missing person, role of United Nations, judiciary and efforts of the relatives of Baloch missing persons. Only there are few Book in which Baloch missing persons issue and their information are mentioned like “The Redefined dimension of Baloch Nationalist Movement “ Written by Malik Siraj Akbar Editor- in-Chief The Baloch Hal. “The Baloch Who Was not Missing” Witten by Muhammad Hanif. The book has revealed on burning issues of Balochistan Author of “A battle field for Balochistan” closely observes freedom of expression in Balochistan, ban on Baloch newspapers, attack on media offices, threats to the Baloch journalists this book also discussed in the book role of Pakistan electronic media, and applied decimation against Baloch and Balochistan.
The writer indicates role of media and United Nationals for Malala and those 15 innocence girls who were killed in June 16 2013 in Saedar Bahadur Khan University. Yousaf criticizes imbalanced role of main stream media and UN toward one Malala and 15 Malalas who were burnt.
“Blunders from Bengal to Balochistan” is important aspect of the book in which the author writes that partition of Bengladash rather than being a bitter experience and learning lesson for misruling and use of power to control people, it is even not quoted as a blunder and still India and Bengalies are blamed for the reason. The similar violence and genocide is taking place now in Baluchistan”
“A Battle Field for Balochistan” discusses the current scenario of Baloch and Balochistan. I consider it a great effort of Yousaf Ajab Baloch for mirroring conundrum of Balochistan, when people even openly cannot speak about human rights violation in Balochistan.
The writer is Journalists based in Karachi.
Bolan Voice Report
Federal interior Minister Choudry Nisar Ali Khan during a meeting with Dr Malik Baloch Chief Minister said that present government will adept de weaponization policy in Balochistan as contrary to past regime which armed and supported some groups for their interests. He said that groups which were provided arms by state authorities will get armless. Present PML-N and National Party government due to better performance have succeeded to resolute peace and stability in Balochistan. Further, such mutual cooperation will resume for positive upshots.
During the meeting both leaders decided that past PP and Musharraf had provided arms and financial supports to some groups to counter the opponents. This discussed policy was adopted to maintain peace and stability in province Balochistan. Previous governments give arms and cards to agencies and permitted them to counter separatists. These mentioned groups are exempted from state laws and security forces don’t check them by showing cards provided by government.
This policy caused law and order situations worsen in province. The backed groups by security institutes have started abduction of wealthy people in province; especially doctors are main sources for getting ransom. Coition parties of provincial government are not ready to tolerate such incidents; particularly Pashtun Khuwa Milli Party with collaboration of other parties is going to observe sit-in protest in front of the parliament house in Islamabad against the policy of intellect agencies for backing these groups.
By Aziz Ejaz
It was the time of 15the century when under the supervision of Vasco Da Gama, an explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of discovery and the commander of the ship that sail from Europe to India, an organized voyaging team lunched its expedition by the order of the king of the Portugal Umma Notal to turn its face towards the cost of Arab peninsula including the coastline of sub-continent by sea. At the first their expedition was to just voyage but its reality became disclosed when they divided the entire coastline of Arab and sub-continent into three haves.
This policy of dividing the Arab peninsula and the sea of sub-continent was carried out by Daan Prince Koraay lamaida. at the time, when the king Uma Notal lunched a viceroy which was accompanied by the commander of Portuguese army including the most influential name, Vasco Da Gama. The division of it in its real sense was a sort of expansion that cleared the ground interests of Portuguese in this region they want to fulfill. In the three parts of division, the first was comprised by Ihmar and Arabian peninsula, the 2nd was divided as Cape Jacques, the Indus coastal areas in which the Makuran coastal was included like as Gwadar, Calera, Tribiqeu, Kalmat and Daibal. The 3rd was beginning from Daibal till Indian Gujarat’s Coast. The expansionist thoughts of ruling the cost of this region appeared in the shape of dividing the coastline into many haves in order to get ease for proceeding of their voyaging excursion, as they wanted to take the entire region in their strong presiding claws. Vasco Da Gama, a Portuguese explorer is called the first person who used to voyage the entire section of this above mentioned cost in the world firstly. Vasco Da Gama’s expedient from Europe to reach India by sea was very significant and paved a way for the Portuguese to establish a long lasting colonial empire in Asia. In the ship they were sailing was being leaded by Vasco Da Gama. The route cleared by Vasco Da Gama’s voyaging team was only meant the Portuguese should voyage safely without any need of crossing the highly Mediterranean and dangerous Arabia and this way let them be succeeded in their ground realities.
At that time there was a great concern of it that when a king of a state wanted to rule out a specific region then it was a compulsory task first to take the site that leads to assault on any state or region because that was a time of straightforwardness and there have not been any disparaging weaponry source which today the most violent world has to be utilized for the purpose of taking over the regions and others disparaging purpose. The only way by which the kings succeeded was to go through water way. Historians mention the army that came from Portugal enjoyed the divided haves of this cost section to precede their expansion as long as it becomes possible. In 15th century, they have successfully captured some of the parts of India and Oman latter the planned to proceed for the annexation of the coastal areas of Makuarn as well. Because in the division plan of India sea and Arab peninsula which was performed in 1506 which was comprised of Balochistan’s sea along with Cape Jacques.
In it the Makuarn coastal line was included which was used for the Portuguese to carry out their expedient and whenever they became in need of anything they have come to fulfill their life saving items like water and nutritional goods. With the passage of time the Portuguese initiated plundering the inhabitants of the coastal areas and compelled them to raise a voice in the form of resisting the policy as the army set the homes and other luggage on fire. Seeing the situations the inhabitants proceeded to the tribal chief Mir Ismail Baloch who was the grandfather of Mr. Hamal Kalmati. In that time he was ruling the area. In courageously the chief managed to resist the Portuguese as they were crossing the limits of tolerance, every day managing their assaults and unpleasant behaving in Gwadar, Pasni and Kalmat. On one side, they were taking the advantage of coast as they entered into the borderline of it at any time, they became in need of nutrients and clean water but it is a well said proverb, ‘’ Grasp all, Lose all’’. On the eve of this Mir Ismail Baloch supervised an organized army against the Portuguese in results they couldn’t become able to capture the coastal areas of Makuran and the Portuguese were defeated many times under the supervision of Ismail Baloch. He struggled a lot to allow the Baloch in coastal area live in peace.
Ismail’s attempts bore a fruit by defeating the Portuguese during 15th century as they were enjoying the most parts of Arabian Sea, Makuran sea and the Indian one’s. He kicked the bucket in 873 hijri and his grave is situated there in the Batal Mountain (is in Gwadar near port) which was constructed in his lifetimes. He was the person who listened thoroughly the request of victims and assured them for a response ironically, as he showed it by defeating the cruel army of Portuguese who was being supervised by a person leading the whole expedient and opening the all ways to go through, was Vasco Da Gamma.
After his death Mr. Hamal Kalmati’s took the responsibility of regime and became the ruler of Makuran, was his nephew and son of Mir Jihand Khan Kalmati. Kalmati is a Baloch tribe in Balochistan, they live in kalmat and the name kalmati has derived from it, is situated on the border of Iran. Basically the tribe belongs to Mir Hoath; Hoath was son of mir jalal khan. Historian mention, when the Hoaths were ruling on Makuran, a few members of the Hoath tribe settled in kalmat Bandar (kalmat port), which is situated near the port of Pasni. It was about 11th to 12th century the ruling Hoaths (kalmat) spread from western Balochistan to Sindh, as kalmat live in areas of Shah Bandar in Sindh. Today if we want to get a glance at the identity of Hoaths than we can find them in some places of Iran like Chah Bahar and in Sindh province as well such as Malir, Gadap town and Layari, Matyari,Tando Adam, Hyderabad and Thatta, In Balochistan; Dashti, Pallire, Jiwani, Baho, Dashtayri, Gwadar, Pasni and Hub.
During the ruling duration of Mir Hamal Kalmati, the Portuguese repelled a number of attacks and lunched many assaults under the leadership of commander of Portuguese ‘’ lowees Dee Almia’’ Mir Hamal kalmati in his ironic response to the assaults of Portuguese arranged an organized army and constructed a ship (Shahg) to be used for the purpose of war against Portuguese in the coastal areas and sea.
Alarmingly in this time, there have been many witnesses of conflicts between Hamal Kalmati and the Portuguese. In resultantly the Portuguese were defeated brutally on each attempt of triumph. The courage and bravery of Hamal Kalmati earned for him a great name in Baloch history as he is mentioned the only person from Baloch who fought in defending the mud of motherland.
In Baloch history, we can come across to many wars and reverend names such as the war of thirty years fought between Rind and Lasharee, Mir lord Doda Khan and Boladahee, the war of Delhi and many more but all of the wars were fought on the bases of some traditional convulsions violation and in lord and lordships compares.
This sort of bravery has been shown by the Hoaths living in Karachi as well, on 2nd February 1839, when two British military ships boarded in Manora port (Karachi port) and the British army called the tribes to evacuate the port and surrender arms, the kalmati tribe commander refused the surrender call. This was the time British Empire colonial expansion spreading its grasp over sub-continent and the Manora port was being supervised or handled by the Hoaths tribe. ‘’ According to historians and legends, tribe chief replied, ‘’I am a Baloch and would prefer to be a martyr than to surrender’’.
Mir Hamal Kalmati devoted his life for the inhabitants of his ruling areas. After many such defeats ‘’ lowees Dee Almia’’ the commander in chief made a pact with Mir Hamal kalmati, In which many clauses were given and an end of, and one of the clause it contained was that the Portuguese will not attack the Makuran coastal area. This pact allowed in recovery of peace and people used to initiate their normal lives in coastal areas again.
After the passage of time, one day Mir Hamal Kalmati set a plan of haunting in sea with his companions and friends. they started sailing on Shahg, ‘’ Hamal’s ship made during the conflicts with Portuguese’’ unfortunately a tsunami arose with a great intensity that took the ships into its layers and the ship erratically starting moving here and there which was not in charge of them eventually taken the ship very remote till the cost of India.
the ship reached in the coast of Gujarat’s which was already in claws of Portuguese, seeing the ‘’Shahg’’ and Mir Hamal Kalmati, the Portuguese breathed a fresh air and took the ship into siege and called Hamal for surrendering which the legend Mir Hamal Kalmati refused and indented to fight with army.
Mir Hamal Kalmati’s Territorial Army strength was not that much strapping as compare with Portuguese but here many tributes goes to Mir Hamal Kalmati courageousness performance and bravery that prefer fighting and accompanying by his friends initiated to fight rather to surrender. Hamal with his friends fought tyrannically and fighting gotten intensification from both sides when they came in front of each other, the Portuguese seeing the circumstances irrepressible managed to throw a net over to Hamal’s ship in order to arrest him and eventually, they captured Mir Hamal Kalmati and his friends by the help of a net and took them to India where the coast of it was already in hands of Portuguese in their long lasting colonial empire, likewise the Portuguese broke the pact and after kidnapping took him to an unidentified area.
The Portuguese offered Mir Hamal Kalmati for marrying a girl in their country, even they have also offered him with many concessions but he refused to do it, historian mention.
The ‘’statue’’ of Mir Hamal Khan is lying in an island museum in Ghana in India, which was constructed by the Portuguese. There are many evidences regarding the war with Portuguese as it was mentioned in the book of Mr. R. Huges Buller ‘’ Makran Kalmatis’’ that the Kalmatis snatched weapons from the Portuguese have also been seen in 1904 in the port of Balochistan .
Mir Hamal Kalmati was not only a Chief of a tribe, he was the one who had struggled a lot for the civilian rights, whose devotion is a great emblem that how to serve for a specific purpose and safety of the land that is our mother.
The Baloch and Balochistan, A historical account from the Beginning to the fall of the Baloch State by Naseer Dashti.
By Khurshid Qazi (PANJGUR), UNIVERSITY OF KARACHI
Carrier counseling is a broad concept, which embraces every sparse of life. But, here we would discuss career counseling within education. When a student seeks and needs guidelines with regard to education and its related problems, it is said to be career counseling. Career counseling is most effective weapon to defeat the psychological complications of a student she, with all probabilities, might face during studies.
In core societies 0f the world, carrier counseling of the students start from the primary days of their schooling. In order to ensure this purpose either/both a psychologist and/or an educationist is/are appointed; the counseling of student is carried through socio-psycho-therapy, psychometric testing, the social learning approach, which covers a wide range of skills, interests and values of people and can be of use in career counseling in different ways. During aforementioned processes, the student is well observed, and then they put two and two to gather and direct the student to his field according to his capabilities and intelligence. Thus, the students get a planned and a definite destination; they would pace upon the said defined path to meet their desired goals. In addition, from the beginning of schooling, and even, till specialization they would remain students of the same field or discipline. They avoid jumping into alternative fields of study as we Baloch students do.
We will discuss career counseling of Baloch students in two perspectives. First with, literate parents, second, with illiterate parents. The career counseling of Baloch student is almost equal to none; the students are directed to subject which interest their parents or family members. Their parents feel awkward to consult and acquire their children’s perspective about their choice of field. The parents don’t care whether their children have any interest or whether they are willing to study the field purported by their parents for them. Nowadays, this has become a norm of most families that their children shall have to acquire education in medical or engineering. Band wagon approach might be the motivational force that influences the parents towards pre-medical or engineering fields. The outcome of this would lead to failure of students, loosing interest, discouragement, drop out from study process and zero outcome. The student gets into hot water when the parents impose their well against student’s choice. Second thing that interests the parents is the scope of subject, but they once for all don’t believe that it’s the student who creates various scopes for the subject that he studies. This is the condition of career counseling of Baloch students even within educated parents.
On the other hand, the students of those families whose parents or elders are illiterate, their youths face numerous problems in subject selection. Those unfortunates are often perplexed among various paths to step upon. Like this some might opt for science in schools, then arts in intermediate, then dissimilar subjects for graduation as well as masters. They will face unimaginable hardships in seeking knowledge. The entire scenario will motivate them to quit. In order to avoid such bungle, a student needs to consult an expert and educationist. This is the situation of carrier counseling among the Baloch students with illiterate family men. Patently, the career counseling is not done by family members, but a little bit awareness is provided by the family.
By Yousaf Ajab Baloch
The people from Hazara community once again became victim of sectarianism, when on 21 January 2014, a suicide bomber blew himself near the pilgrims’ bus and bus caught fire. This ugly attack caused death of more than 28 people and wounded 39. The injured and dead ones include children and women. The fresh attack proved that nothing has changed in Balochistan; Hazaras and Baloch have same luck for shouldering dead bodies.
The relatives of killed ones and a large number of people belonging to Hazara Shia community staged a sit-in on Alamdar road Quetta against the incident for more than 40 hours. The affected families, Hazara political parties and religious organizations refused to bury the dead bodies calling for arrest of culprits. They continued their protest in subzero temperature until Federal Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and Information Minister Pervez Rasheed reached Quetta as per directives of the Nawaz Sharif, and assured Hazaras to take action against the perpetrators. After a successful negotiation the thousands of protesters agreed to bury dead the victims of Mastung detonation.
It is worth mentioning that the New Year in Balochistan began with an attack on Shias in Balochistan on January 1, when a bus being escorted by police van, was attacked in Akhtarabad area of Quetta. At least two people were killed and 26 were seriously injured in the passenger bus of Shia pilgrims, which was coming from Iran.
It is assumed, alochistan has been put up with sectarianism, where Hazaras are being killed systematically, but all along the government has failed to protect them, whethere the regime is of Mushrraf, PPPP or Muslim League (N). The aforementioned governments remained unable to control intensified attacks on Hazaras, despite their protests in a democratic way. Hundreds of the people have been killed and thousands wound in the deadly attacks in last years. A banned Militant organization claims responsibility but government only suffices with promises rather than taking actions against perpetrators.
2013 remained a bloodstained year for Hazaras, when more than 325 people lost their lives and some 700 hundreds injured. Apart from Hazara children, women and policemen, journalists also became victim in the attacks. Aside from minor attacks, no one forgets the day when on 10th January 2013, a suicide attack killed at least 115 people and a total of 270 were wounded and in February a car bomb near Quetta killed 73 and wounded at least 180 people. In 2013 following the deadly suicide attack in January, Hazaras staged a sit-in on Alamdar road and later their protest led imposition of governor rule in Balochistan and ended Nawab Aslam Resani’s government. Unfortunately, the protests of Hazara community have never been result oriented.
According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in 2012, “Hazaras have been uprooted from Loralai, Machh and Zhob (small towns in Balochistan province around Quetta city) and over 800 had been killed since 1999 and at least 550 Hazaras have been killed from February 2008 until May 2012.For the last five years, more than 50,000 Hazaras especially youngsters have left Quetta city, majority of them have managed to take refuge in other countries and nearly 300 lost their lives off shores of Australia when the boats capsized.”
Treating of the Hazaras in Balochistan and the increase in violence directed at them remains unchanged. Hazaras are the victim of sectarianism. Because the government claims to enforce security measures to protect this community, the government has a responsibility to forestall further violence directed at them. Although the United Nations, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have reported on the systematic killing of the Hazaras, no notable developments have improved their security.
The state and responsible authorities have never been serious to aim at taking measures for protection of Hazaras in Balochistan. Hazaras have been let down and they hold the state and security forces responsible for failing to protect them, however, some of them say that institutions have not failed but they do not intend to protect them. It is time for the central government to take actions against outlaws seriously and offer as much security as needed to protect this vulnerable ethnic group, and change the ugly face of sectarianism in Balochistan.
The writer is a Baloch author and human rights activist. Currently, he is a sub-editor at the monthly Bolan Voice Quetta, Editor at The Balochistan Point and a freelance online columnist. Yousaf is the author of ‘A Battle field for Balochistan’.
Balochistan; 160 persons extra judicially killed, 510 disappeared and 50 decomposed bodies were found during 2013.
By Ghulam Farooq
The disappearances and extrajudicial killings in the province of Balochistan continued unabated during 2013. The Voice of Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) has compiled lists of disappearances and extra judicial killings despite threats and intimidation from the state security agencies. The VBMP list reveals that during 2013, 160 persons were extra-judicially killed, 510 persons remain missing after arrest by the security agencies and 50 decomposed bodies of unknown persons were recovered from different cities of the province. It mentions the names and dates of the persons disappeared and killed.
After the general elections of May 11, 2013 and formation of new governments in Balochistan and the federation it was claimed repeatedly that there has been a reduction in disappearances and the dumping of bullet riddled bodies. However, during the year a new phase was introduced which is the dumping of decomposed bodies which are in such a state that they cannot identified. The former military government, the state intelligence agencies and security forces introduced the phenomenon of enforced disappearances on a large scale throughout the country to spread fear and emphasize the power of the army. During the previous civilian government of Asif Zardari, the security forces took advantage of the weak government and introduced the extrajudicial killings of missing persons to eliminate the evidence of disappearances after arrest. Again, in the reign of the incumbent government, the security forces adopted the new phenomenon of dumping decomposed bodies so that the person cannot be identified.
The VBMP held a press conference and claimed that since the year 2001 to the end of year 1013, a total number of 13,990 persons are missing after their arrest by security forces. The government has made no effort to contradict this figure.
In the meantime the VBMP has forwarded the other cases, including of one of a child who were arrested by the security forces and remains missing.
A young student Abdul Baqi Nichari (15), the son of Kareem Bux, was abducted from his relative’s home by the Frontier Corps and plain clothed persons from Qambrani Road Killi Nichari Quetta early in the morning of October 19, 2013. He was a resident of Mungchar Johan Cross district Kalat and a student of class six in Government High School Mungchar.
Personnel from Frontier Corps (FC) and plain clothed persons arrived in 20 FC vehicles. The climbed over the walls of the house where Abdul Baqi was living and harassed the relatives before dragging Abdul Baqi away. After identifying him they threw him in a vehicle. To-date his whereabouts remain unknown. Mr. Baqi belongs to a very poor family and after school he was working on daily wages to assist with the expenses of his family and to continue his education.
On October 23, Safar Baloch 26 son of Qadir Baksh, formerly a resident of Awaran Labach. Baloch was abducted by security forces from his home at Lasbela Hub Choki and his whereabouts are unknown. He was a driver by profession. The FC personnel’s raided his hometown of Awaran Labach, which is an earthquake affected area. His family migrated to Hub Choki.
The Baloch Republican Party (BRP) Media cell reported that Pakistan’s Inter service Intelligence, the ISI backed group called “Muslah Difa Tanzeem” headed by Taliban linked Mulla Shafiq Mengal, targeted and killed Rais Qudoos Mengal, an organizer of the Balochistan National Party (Mengal group) in Khuzdar on December 31.
In another case the BRP reports that the ISI and a local death squad in Sui abducted a shopkeeper namely Ali Hussain Bugti on December 29. He was a resident of Mat, adjacent area of Sui. He had gone to the market to buy some consumer goods for his shop.
Mohammad Rafiq son of Abdul Karim was arrested by personnel from security forces on October 31 from the market place and since then his whereabouts are unknown. Rafiq’s sister held a press conference in Karachi on January 7, and told that she has reported the disappearance after arrest to the police, government authorities and security forces, but that no one was helping for his recovery. She demanded that he must be produced before the court and if he had committed a serious crime he must be punished according to law.
The Asian Human Rights Commission urges the government of Nawaz Sharif to remove the blinkers that it and successive governments have been wearing with regard to disappearances and extrajudicial killings. The people of Pakistan have a Constitutional right to the protection from the state; a right which has so far been denied them. Pakistan must immediately ratify the UN Convention against Enforced Disappearances, ensure that local laws are put in place to enforce the Convention and so that this menace is halted one and for all.
Though successive civilian governments have claimed that they are opposed to enforced disappearances, their policy of appeasement toward the armed forces and indifferent attitude towards the people that elected, them betrays their true attitude.
In any society there are very much responsibility of human right. An Italian philosopher quoted that human is a social animal. In society live feel the help of one and other. In society there are various problems which the human being are facing in which the huge problem which put the human being in a fix is the human right in Islam human right has explained properly but in our society is not being followed the society in which the human right is violated in the society. It can lag behind and never get progress the important responsibility of human right is that which highlight the problem of the society and try their level best to solve the problems. Which is creating problems for the human being in the society?
The main responsibility of human right is that to put the human right problem in front of print and electronic media and get approach to the government and non-government organization as well to the political parties to solve the human right problem and try to stop the human right violation otherwise the human can commit suicide which is being practiced in our society as well in the world level which producing bad result for the producing bad result for the societies in Islam it is also explained that before drying the sweet of labor his payment of daily work should be done which is a live proof of human right. In Pakistan the human rights are being violated in the shape of women gang rape. Which is common in back word area of Pakistan but the government is fait to solve this problem?
The end I am telling that the government and no government organization should struggle to such issues which are being faced by human right that is the biggest responsibility of society.
Baithy Changiz, Turbat
By Mehrab Baloch
Ongoing persecutions in Balochistan have forced me to pick the pen and write about the malady being deliberately but writing the truth and raising voice for righteous is unluckily not allowed here. The constant sacrifices of Baloch youth have provided courage to me and my pen got to write.
The Supreme Court has expressed its helplessness to bring on surface the missing persons. Iftekhar Muhammad Choudry. The former Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan blatantly said about non-implementation of court orders regarding missing person’s issue. No justice of honorable court remarks pertaining Ali Asghar Bangulzai, was implemented aground hence it implies that none will provide sooth to the missing persons relative’s wounds.
Dr Malik Baloch Cheif Minister of Balochistan including president of National Party ever postured the recovery of Missing person would be the first priority of his party, but he admitted his failure in recovery of missing in province, though his party has alliance with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s Party PML-N. Consequently, questions rises, who is responsible for this human rights abuse in Balochistan and is there any state authority to bring on surface the Missing Persons either.
The series of operation launched in 2002, in Balochistan, continuing with intensity and caused abduction of thousands Baloch youth and old age people extra judicially. Among the missing persons the vice chairman of BSO-Azad Zakir Majeed Baloch, Dr Din Muhammad Baloch, Ali Asghar Bangulzai, Dr Akbar Marri and recently abducted from New Kahan sharbat Khan Marri including and number of Missing Baloch is in thousands numbers who are enduring in torture cells. Around 700 Balochs mutilated bodies have been thrown in deserted areas, of Balochistan who were tortured to death. The series of abduction is continuing without abating.
Mama Qadeer Baloch with other victimized family members has commenced an odd way of protest, the Long March from Quetta to Karachi stretching on about 750 Km after failure of all means and concede of Dr Malik Baloch about recovery of missing. A long journey of barren landscape, mountains, rocky and inhospitable areas with not favoring weather the convey of the relatives of Missing persons reached to Karachi and members of voice for Baloch Missing Person (VBMP) had Pitched a token hunger strike camp in front of Karachi Press Club. It is bizarre that international human rights defenders are nonchalant after painful protest and bloodiest environment of Balochistan by abducted Balochs. This attitude of international organizations is saddening and a spot on face of entire humanity.
On 13 December, 2013 the relatives of Missing Baloch have Kicked-off another full troublesome Long March from Karachi to Islamabad which is nearly of 1500 Km. The participants of Long March, Mama Qadeer, Zakir Majeed’s, Sister Farzana Majeed, Daughter of Dr Din Muhammad, Ali Haider, son of Missing Ramzan Baloch and Dr Akbar Marris daughter Hani Marri have been receiving threats by elements which are undoubtedly being backed by intelligence institutes. In spite of intimidations, Mama Qadeer with Baloch sisters and brothers is carrying on his historical march toward the destination.
In Balochistan, situations are totally vulnerable and no one feels secure in this province. Baloch people are facing tyrannies with courage for national these daintily and Jain of rights, Baloch is intended to get a secular state in world map, but state is not agreed to let a like in Balochistan, sectarianism is being invigorating with intention to fade the face of nationalism in front of the world, and expose this region politically tumultuous and here’s people as religious hysterical.
Baloch Nation is facing the worst type of torture, but it is pity that international human rights defenders are seem fail to comprehend the Baloch issue. The discussed organizations are obliged to come forth and support Baloch in their valid struggle against state occupation.
By Advocate Nadir Langove
China’s monopoly on Gwadar seaport is envisaging as a grave threat for international peace and stability in the region. The policy makers are using new tactics to extract the resources of Baloch. According to Baloch National Movement’s central spokesperson that Chief Minister has come in power through an agreement with the establishment and determined to deceive the Baloch by handing over the natural resources to others nations.
As in present, establishment of the state by the collusion with Chinese government is quite determined to exploit Baloch natural resources and sell to the imperialists, Gwadar sea port to just remains a dream, which will not be real at any cost. The representative of BNM said that Baloch nation is quite firm to carry on their struggle to get emancipated from the state’s subjugation and mentally prepared not to make any sort of deal with establishment including with its agents in the provincial cabinet. BNM workers with Baloch nation are resolute to face the ongoing genocide with courage and valiantly.
The government is diverting the funded money by Saudi –Arabia for earth quake victims, this money is being used in ongoing operations against Baloch to eradicate the roused nationalism. While the Chief Minister with his cabinet members showing unauthentic reports about earth quake victims to donor countries and international agencies to rise fund which is being used to strengthen its military power to carry on worse operation against Baloch.
Therefore, it is the moral responsibility of the United Nation to take keen interest in Pak-China relations which are revealing an alarming threat for Baloch nation as well as the dominance of China on Gwadar sea port is worrying for the regional stability. China’s expansionism to Balochistan is supported by Pakistan is stimulating concerns among oppressed nations that they may not be the next victims. It is the duty of the international community along with the United Nation to take strict actions to restrain the expansionist policies of China and Pakistan.
The representative of BNM said that Baloch nation is struggling for its independence within the boundaries of international laws. While the CM Malik with his cabinet is showing the fake reports about earthquake in Awaran and other situations of Balochistan to the world. BNM condemns these heinous acts of imperialist and will not allow keeping its hegemony on Baloch land, further.
By Meerain Baloch
Some years back a Punjabi lecturer at Turbat Residential College made a complaint to the paramilitary troops of the Frontier Corps (FC), formed totally of non-Balochs, that some Baloch professors had desecrated Islam by hanging rosaries on a picture of a monkey. The FC invaded a teachers’ hostel and arrested two Baloch professors on charges of making a mockery of Islam since the rosary was thought to be a symbol of Islam only, although in fact the rosary is found in many religions and is not limited to Islam.
The teachers were tortured and an FIR (charge) was registered against them at the local police station. Local people reacted strongly to a call by the Baloch students’ organization and Turbat city was completely shut down in protest. The case was brought before judges but Baloch lawyers took a strong stand in support of these teachers and refused to appear before the court defending the FC. The teachers were acquitted after a lot of mental and physical torture but the case was finished there. Other such cases have happened in Balochistan where Islam is often used as a weapon to attack the Baloch and restrain their freedom of expression. The Baloch live under occupation and so such practices are common.
On January 13, 2014, the FC held a press conference at Turbat where they displayed books confiscated during a raid at the Government Degree College Turbat’s boy’s hostel. Pakistani electronic and print news media gave extensive coverage to this event, showing books and magazines found during the raid. The daily ‘Express News’ reported that “large quantities of anti-Pakistan literature as well as maps of a separate Balochi-stan were recovered during a raid of Atta shad Degree College in Turbat district of Balochistan”. It also said that a Baloch student had taken over a hostel in the college and a Frontier Corps (FC) spokesperson claimed that he was brainwashing students to conduct acts of terrorism in the country.
These were books were displayed as being “anti-Pakistani”
These books were displayed as being “anti-Pakistani”
The books shown to the electronic and print media included works by Bertrand Russell, biographies of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Nelson Mandela and Che Guevara, a history of Balochistan by Meer Gul Khan Naseer, poetry books of famous poets like Ata Shad – whom Turbat’s only college is named after – Kareem Dashti and Gholam Hossain Shohaz, literary magazines such as ‘Mahtak Balochi’, ‘Mahtak Sangat’, ‘Mahtak Sechkan’, ‘Sangar’, ‘zrumbish’ and much more. Course books on Balochi grammar and literature were also labeled as ‘anti-Pakistani’ because reading and teaching Balochi is considered anti-Islamic and anti-Pakistani by the forces of occupation in Balochistan.
Another problem with the FC and other armed forces in Balochistan is that they come from outside Balochistan, with no knowledge of the Balochi language, and they see every single book read in Balochistan as being anti-state.
Previously, on January 8, 2014, the FC raided an English language teaching school in Turbat, making similar claims of having confiscated anti-Pakistan literature and arresting a large number of students on charges of keeping anti-state material. On that occasion they also displayed literature – mostly books on history, literature, Balochi grammar and language because the school teaches Balochi, which is prohibited in Pakistani schools, to its students. The FC forcibly sealed the school, handed over 1000 rupees (US$9) bank notes to each student and sent them to their parents asking them to not return to the school where Balochi was taught to students. However, several of the students were abducted by the FC from the same institution and they are still missing.
The act of the FC has been criticized by Baloch writers but the silence of Dr Malik’s Balochistan government is also under fire for not saying a single word in support of these students who read books on world personalities and world literature.
One blogger, Nissar Hoath, said: “The raid on the college is a bloody joke. All the books and literature were nothing but collections of great Baloch poets’ like Atta Shad, Gul Khan Naseer, Pir Bukhsh Piral, Murad Sahir, Zafar Ali Zafar; and novels and short stories by our men and women of pen – great writers we are proud of. All the “documents” were nothing but Baloch literary works.
Another blogger reminded us that when Osama bin Laden was captured in Abbott Abad by US Navy Seals pornographic material was allegedly found there. Another writer reminds us that when police raided the hostel room of the Jamiat e Islami student organization president in Punjab University, a pistol and a number of whiskey bottles were recovered. On the other hand, only books were found from the hostel of Turbat. It must be a matter of pride for their parents to learn that their kids keep books of world fame. This is not the first time that the occupying army has invaded Balochi houses and hostels and destroyed books, the source of knowledge. In 2006, when the house of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was raided by the army of Pakistan, they burnt to ashes his library as books are seem to be the most dangerous weapon in the hands of a colonized people, a weapon that paves the way of their liberation. (COURTESY TO, THE KURDISH TRIBUNE)
Meerain Baloch is a senior member of Baloch National Movement and a student of accountancy and finance in London. He tweets at @meerinjo and he can be reached at Meerinjo@hotmail.com
By Ahmed Khan
This state history entails that whenever it entrapped in predicament anywhere, so it used religious sentiments to win in its intentions. State by propagation and hired religious agents have implemented desirous system on people which all proved deleterious for state, religious and religion, too.
International powers used religious elements in their favor and against this they disbursed to progenitors of Jihadist. In this way, they had got fighters in low price but some people grabbed Dollars and bought properties abroad, even today they are enlisted in the richest people’s menu of world.
Experienced circumstances tell that formation of an organization is arduous Job, but the erected organization using in the way of interests is workless or easy Job. Talban were formed by states and were used but some states later on got acquitted them from arena after achieving the goals. The mentioned religious groups left unsupervised and were not disposed thoroughly; resultantly, these organizations got reorganized themselves or by their dynamic or without states assistance, hence they are stronger then past conditions. It is natural truth that spontaneous grown things ever be stronger or durable as compared with artificial or grown by human. Hence, Talban reorganized themselves by their own power, however, before these were established by state elements with collaboration of imperialist.
Same formula has been used in Balochistan. Here after emergence of secessionist groups, the state elements sought tribal figures to encounter the separatists. Tribalism in Balochistan got out dated and Sardars or tribal figures are being leaned by state to keep their hegemony on region, indeed this system is crumbling and does not have capacity to stand in front of Baloch Movement. Consequently, state carved religious complexion groups but mixed with them tribal temperament and extracted a compound to defeat upsurge of Baloch secessionist movement.
For a long time establishment and central government were hesitating for affirmation of such group’s formation in Balochistan, and ever denied through allegations by their controlled media. Journalists also don’t have competency to expose such realities; somewhere due to fear, and somewhere due to greed of wealth. The exposure of such realities by the government authorities are indicating that situations are the worst but these have been put under the carpet, deliberately; admitting of formation including backing to pocket groups is a question mark on information department, news organizations and profession practitioners who claim for being autonomous and impartial journalists. This serious issue should be hot on press to avert further misdeeds but all are showing same the previous unreal picture after disclosure of federal minister and Chief Minister of Balochistan. Here it seems that all organizations and experts have been taken on board by creator of these groups.
It is certain that these groups will not be out rooted, because the nature of this mentality can’t be changed, but propulsion of this media exposure can be ascertained. Recently, the America before giving military aid to Pakistan put condition that this equipment’s mustn’t be used against Baloch and Sindhi nationalists. Consequently, Pakistani authorities are merely showing-off by doing so to get contended the America.
The second reason can be this that the America and Iran couldn’t reach to any subtle agreement about the Iranian nuclear program, so US and her ally states, especially the Saudi-Arabia and Israel want to get America to suppress Iran or destroy its nuclear developed technology and for this purpose they need Jihadists to keep engage rouge state Iran. The aforementioned formatted groups of Balochistan may be used against the Iran because of holding Wahabi school of thoughts.
The third aim can be behind this that the America is worrying about the Chinese influence in Balochistan and wanted to curtail her belligerent in this region. For accomplishment to said design, the America will empower to nationalists and will weaken their rivals. So for the diverting the concentrations of the America, state of Pakistan’s authorities are deluding with emission of the perception of disarm and suspension of fund to hired groups in Balochistan.
The statements of Choudry Nisar and Dr Malik aren’t trustworthy, they can disarm the paid groups and they will do so, then will waste enormous amount which was financed in regard of training and arm to mentioned elements. Early the history is witness that state elements ever used goons to crush political movements. In Balochistan, the fiery of separation or rebellion against enforced annexation ever remained alive; in such condition criminals bolstering is mandatory for establishment, because these paid groups can anytime be used against defiant.
The Pastun Khawa is obedient of establishment and this party can defer or divert its protest schedule by getting instructions from Islamabad. Possibly, said party is doing so for scoring points. Otherwise, it has come in power by help of hidden hand and is being controlled by same. PKMAP vociferation will not effect to pocket organizations, by this way the discussed party get share.
Arundhati Roy interviewed by David Barsamian Part-IV
ARUNDHATI ROY is the celebrated author of The God of Small Things and winner of the prestigious Booker Prize. The New York Times calls her, “India’s most impassioned critic of globalization and American influence.” She is the recipient of the Lannan Award for Cultural Freedom. Roy is the author of many books including The Checkbook & the Cruise Missile, Field Notes on Democracy: Listening to Grasshoppers, and Walking with the Comrades. She spoke to DAVID BARSAMIAN of Alternative Radio in Chicago on March 17, 2013.
The court is trying to be lofty and correct, actually write down that this evidence was fabricated, this cannot be on record, the confessions are extracted in custody and therefore do not constitute legal evidence. All of it is down in black and white in the judgment. And then it goes on to say that we don’t have any direct evidence to prove that he belonged to a terrorist group. And then a little bit later it says, but in order to satisfy the collective conscience of society, we are sentencing to him death. It’s such a brazenly shocking thing for someone to say, for a supreme court of a supposedly great democracy to say.
You see how the media behaved. The anti-terrorism cell of the Delhi police actually extracted many versions of the confession from him, some of them on video. The court says you can’t use custodial confessions, but the media television channels, even supposedly secular and liberal channels, are showing this confession without saying it’s in police custody. And you can see the jingoists sending in their comments, saying “Hang him by the balls in Lal Chowk” and “Cut him into pieces and feed him to the dogs.”So in this kind of amphitheater of this “great democracy,” with every institution playing a part, last month suddenly they just hanged him. That, too, was illegal, as the solicitor general said. In fact, this particular solicitor general was the amicus curiae in a case that was pending before the Supreme Court in which Afzal’s case had been taken up because he had already spent twelve years in solitary confinement. There was a case in the Supreme Court saying, for people who spend inordinately long sentences in jail, the court should rethink the death penalty. This was pending in court; the court had reserved its judgment. And before it could give its judgment, the government just hanged him, denying him the rights it has given to all other prisoners who have faced the death penalty.
So it’s caused a huge underground fury in Kashmir, because what was heroic about Afzal was that he was just an ordinary Kashmiri who had faced what tens of thousands of ordinary Kashmiris have faced, which is brutal torture. In fact, in the book that we’ve brought out there is an interview by Parvaiz Bukhari with Davinder Singh, who was the deputy head of this interrogation of the Special Task Force. And he just openly says, Yes, before the parliament attack, Afzal was regularly picked up and tortured, money was extracted from him, as is done with all such people. And this man says, Yes, I poured petrol in his ass, and, yes, I applied electricity to his genitals. But he didn’t have anything to reveal. And this is months before he is then framed in this.
Just the brazenness of doing this to somebody. He has been portrayed as this Lashkar-e-Toiba, Jesh-e-Muhammad, Islamic fundamentalist who attacked democracy, as they say. But Afzal’s son was called Ghalib. Anybody who knows anything about Ghalib’s poetry knows that Ghalib was not a Muslim fundamentalist of any kind. The point is that you have a man who was tried not even for being the mastermind or anything, just for being a foot soldier, and hanged, while the court says there is no direct evidence; and everyone is saying, “Eleven years after Indian democracy was attacked, justice at last.”
I’m asking, when thousands of Muslims called illegal Bangladeshis were massacred in Nellie in Assam in 1983, wasn’t it an attack on democracy? When 3,000 Sikhs are killed in 1984 under the Congress, after Mrs. Gandhi was killed, wasn’t that an attack on democracy? When in 1993 the Shiv Sena massacred Muslims on the streets of Bombay, wasn’t that an attack on democracy? When Narendra Modi was chief minister and thousands of Muslims are killed and raped and burned and driven from their homes, wasn’t that an attack on democracy? And there’s the Srikrishna report directly indicting the Shiv Sena, so much evidence indicting the BJP machinery in Gujarat, and cases like Ehsan Jafri in which Modi has still not been entirely cleared. So would you ever imagine that the Indian system would imprison Bal Thackeray or Modi for even a week, let alone for eleven years, or let alone sentence them to death? But Bal Thackeray, head of the Shiv Sena, who died recently, who has never, ever held public office, was given a state funeral. And, of course, Modi, as we know, will be probably running for prime minister.
ELECTIONS IN India are to take place next year. Are you concerned about what may be in the offering between what can only be described as a very discredited and rather unpopular Congress party and the so-called alternative, the BJP?
I DON’T know what will happen in the elections. But I think what is most worrying is that the Congress party, discredited as it is, and the BJP in shambles politically because of its infighting, are both trying to regroup. As I said, the fact is that the economy has somewhat frozen; there are millions of this new middle class whose exhilaration has turned into panic. And both the BJP and the Congress are trying to force politics back into the bottle. This new middle class, its aspirations, its acquisitiveness, its aggression, is not wanting to accept politics as it used to be. And this is not necessarily in a progressive way. It’s in a slightly frightening way. Whereas the BJP, Congress now want to uncork the genie of communalism.
Last time the BJP’s election slogan was, “The nation is ashamed because Afzal is still alive.” So now they will have to find another slogan. The Congress was trying to sort of out-BJP the BJP. In trying to do that, the hanging was aimed at Kashmir, knowing full well that it would unleash outrage there, knowing full well that in 2014, when the Americans pull out of Afghanistan, the whole equation in that area is going to change. So everybody—Pakistan, India, Congress, BJP—would be quite happy with a little war. But can you have a little war with two nuclear powers? Everybody would be happy with polarizing the Muslims and Hindus.
One of the things that many of us are very frightened of right now is the fact that one of the aggressive moves by the Indian government is the Amarnath Yatra in Kashmir, where hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims go to this Amarnath Cave in the Kashmiri mountains, and they are protected by the army. It’s a very, very tense and aggressive situation there. One of the worries is that now, as we know, there are these Hindu terror outfits, who explode bombs and do blasts and pretend that they are Muslim groups. So a lot of people are very, very worried about the fact that one of those Hindu organizations will do an attack on the Amarnath Yatra. The fallout of that would be to immediately polarize, and the Hindu vote would then kind of unite behind the BJP.
So a lot of dirty games. Even this parliament attack was a dirty game.
… to be continued….
The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.
THE EXPANSION OF BALOCH ETHNO-LINGUISTIC COMMUNITY
Apparently the Afghan-Baloch alliance developed as a response to the common threat posed to their respective states by a relatively powerful, and Shiit-dpminated Persian Empire, Interviewing with the author, a promenaded Baloch scholar, Maulana Abdul Haq Baloch said, “It was mostly the common fear from Shiite of Iran which shaped the Baloch-Afghan alliance”. Subsequently, Nasir Khan Joined the Afghan king in his military campaigns in Mashhad against the growing power of the Sikhs in Punjab in 1761-1762.
Nasir Khan I, according to Inayatullah Baloch, was the first Baloch ruler to pay attention to foreign policy. He exchanged ambassadors with Iran, Iran Afghanistan, and the Sulanate-Imamate of Oman as well as with Ottoman Turky. The Ottoman Sultan as the Caliph of Islam awarded him the titles of the Ghazi-e Din (religious fighter) and the Naser-e Mellat-e Mohammadiyah (supporter of the Mohammadan nation). As viewed by the Inyatullah Baloch, even the title of Beigi (the Beig of Beigs or the “Cheif of chefs”) was also awarded to him by the ottoman Sultan.
However, about his relation with Mughal India, nothing is known. Moreover, he received wakils (representative) from the Derajat Confederacy and Sindh the vassal provinces. As asserted by Janmahmad, “the foreign policy of the Khanate was one of the peaceful coexistence with all the neighboring states. Although nominally under Afghan hegemony, the various Khans remained neutral and the Khanate was a sort of buffer zone between Persia and Afghanistan”.
With the death of Nasir Khan I in 1795, the deterioration of the central authority in Khanate started, even though it maintained its independence until the arrival of the British on the since in the mid-19th century. Given to ease and luxury, his son and successor, Mahmud Khan soon proved to be incapable of holding the vast territory and the state built up with so much hard work and bloodshed by his father, Nasir Khan. “Nasir had been hardly a year in his grave before the whole achievements of his life were in destruction of oblivion”. During his rule Afghanistan occupied Derajat, the vassal province, the district of Kech in Makkoran refused to pay taxes, the port of Karachi slipped away from his dominions and was recovered and possessed by the Talpur, while in western Balochistan several Chiefs became independent and refused to pay taxes. By 1810, the British team of spies (Pottinger, Christie and Grant) found the Khanate in Chaos and anarchy.
While the Khanate and its military all, Afghanistan, were in anarchy at the beginning of the 19th, century, Punjab came under a powerful ruler, Ranjit Singh, and Iran became strong. Thus, the main source of income of the tribes and their chiefs, which was the share in the war-booty from their invasion if Mughal India, Iran and Sindh, disappeared with the New circumstances. The tribal chiefs instead occupied the crown lands and tried to consolidate their own power that according to Dr Inayatullah Baloch led to disintegration of the Khanate of Balochistan. Perhaps, it was against this background that the Baloch Hakomates (principality) of the distant western provinces were the first to succumb to their tribal/feudal loyalties, and become independent in the early nineteenth century.
In 1809, Caption, wrote that Shaikh Samander chief of Kaserkand and Mir Soban chief of Dashtiari-Bahu collected taxes for themselves. Similarly, Mir Mohammad Khan Hakom of Geh (Nikshahr) the second largest principality of Makkoran, after Kech was Independent. As observed by Granat, none of them paid taxes to the Khanate of Kalat. At the time of his visit the following years, Sir Henry Pottinger, a British officer, also found that most of the Hakomates (principalities) in Western Balochistan were independent. Shah Mehrab Khan Hakom (ruler) of Bampur according to Pottinger was acknowledged from Dezzak in the Southeast to Bazman bordering Kerman in the north.
It is believed that the main reason for the disintegration of Khanate was the personal life of the Khan, and the economic crisis. Mahmud Khan was weak and fond of luxury. The Russian scholar, Gankovsky, however, attributes the decline of the Kalat State to the desire of the rulers of separate regions to raise their share in the gross feudal tillage by the reducing the share due to the Kalat Khan as head of the state. He gives the example that Mahmud Khan had an Income of only 350,000 rupees as compared to the more than three million rupees collected by his father. By contrast, Nina Swidler, an anthropologist, writers that the Khante of Kalat failed to impose a unified tax system in caravan trade and the tribes and instead relied more on revenues from irrigated crown lands. After the death of Mahmud Khan in 1821, his son and successor Mehrab Khan II, tribe to correct many of the errors of his father but by then, the British had appeared on the scene and the affairs of Khanate had taken anther turn. However, the disintegration of the Khanate, its political division into different provinces and states of Pakistan, had great impact on Baloch nationalism, which will be discussed in the following chapters.
— to be continued —
At a time, when the atmosphere filled with a mixture of nepotism, favoritism, bribery, embezzlement, negation of meritocracy, transparency and accountability is termed as corruption. Simply, if the term has to be interpreted philosophically and morally’ a spiritual and moral impurity’, or abuse of public offices for one’s own vested interests.
The word ‘corrupt’ meaning ‘ utterly broken ‘ was firstly used by Aristotle, which are of two types: petty and grand corruption. Grand corruption takes place at top level where policy formulation is executed while petty corruption is a corruption of small scale.
The large and small scale of endemic corruption is caused by the emergence of political elites in support of interest-oriented program and policies.
The country with a highly inflationary economy and low salaries of government officials compel the people to move through the worst norms of corruption, which gradually increases due to illiterate and suppressed who are snub by the affluent through the corrupted authorities.
Most importantly, the rule of law and judiciary are the most significant figures for the abolition of corruption and its thoughts, but the disheartening thing is that neither rule of law prevails nor the judiciary is competent enough to bring the culprits to the gallows of law, which brought Pakistan into the rank of the 33rd most corrupt country as compared to Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore being at the top rank in Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International. It further declared a tune of Rs.7 billion of daily corruption and if this trend continues to be unchecked, it may lead to Rs 12, 600 billion marks.
The education sector, the most corrupted sector of Pakistan, if develops could be a remedy to the tumor of corruption prevailing day by day by grooming and nurturing a culture of ethnic values and accountability. Further, the corruption breeding must be over looked and designed in such a way that could never leave a chance for such an evil act such as the implementation of rule of law, supremacy of constitution, judicial independence and the most importantly a proper financial support to the officials in order to build up a strong economy and a prosperous country.
SHIREEN HASHIM BALOCH, TURBAT
By Muhammad Akbar Notezai
The Baloch families’ long march, led by Mama Qadir Baloch (70 year old man and the vice president of an advocacy group named Vice for Baloch Missing Persons), commenced from the Quetta Press Club on October 27, 2013. After travelling 27 days and covering 780 kilometers on foot, the Baloch long march participants, including Farzana Majid, the former BSO-Azad leader/who is presently missing, Zakir Majid’s sister, reached with dozens of women and children with bruised feet and ailing health the Karachi Press Club on November 23, 2013.
While in Karachi, the Baloch families spent 20 days at a protest camp outside the press club where they were paid visits by the leaders of political parties, ministers and social activists. They also showed solidarity with the Baloch missing persons’ families, and chanted slogans against the government to endeavor to release the missing persons of Balochistan.
After having been pressed by the former Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, the Defense Minister Khawaja Muhammad Asif paid a visit to the Baloch missing families’ camp. He ensured the Baloch families that he would release their relatives if they removed the camp. But the Baloch families/protesters flatly refused him, and they told him they were dodged many times by the leaders.
For instance, Dr. Malik Baloch, the Balochistan’s first middle-class Chief Minister, when visited the Vice for Baloch Missing Persons’ camp in Quetta also ensured the Baloch families to remove the camp, so that he may have released their relatives. But, so far, he has failed to recover a single Baloch missing in Balochistan. Contrarily, he later on said during a press conference at the Karachi Press Club: “Releasing the Baloch missing persons from the captivity of the state actors is beyond my control.”
Dr. Malik further counted his party’s secretary general Abdul Majid Baloch among the Baloch missing persons.
When the former Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry ordered the Defense Ministry to produce the missing in court; he identified the 35 people but none of them was from Balochistan. They belonged to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of the country, and they were picked up during the military operation against the Taliban outfits.
Malik Siraj Akbar, the editor-in-chief of The Baloch Hal, said: “Former Justice Chaudhry had been pressing the military authorities hard to produce the disappeared people. He even issued a contempt notice to the Inspector General of the Frontier Corps (F.C) for not appearing before the court despite repeated orders from the judiciary. And they bought more time until the Chief Justice retired from his office.”
However, the Supreme Court of Pakistan has so far completed 95 hearings on Balochistan but fails to provide justice to the Baloch missing persons’ families. Also, despite holding the IG FC and the top military authorities in the Baloch missing persons’ cases, it did not bring any results. It signifies, there is lack of coordination between the institutions of the state. And when the state institutions do not work in coherence with each other, then it brings them in a state of conflict with each other. Each institution works in complete isolation without following a national agenda and thus results in chaos and anarchy in the whole structure of governance and state’s system. Unfortunately the same situation Pakistan has been facing as a hurdle, particularly in the Baloch missing persons’ case.
Coming to the mainstream national media, this performs the role of opinion maker and educates the masses on all issues. But, unfortunately, this time, regarding the issue of the Baloch missing persons and long march, they have not been giving coverage to the long marchers. Though the almost all TV channels’ head offices are situated in Karachi, where Mama Qadir Baloch along with other missing Balochs’ families stayed more than two weeks at their camp outside the Karachi Press Club, none of them went to them and discuss their grieves. So, really, it raises the question: how much the Private TV Channels are independent in the country?
Mama Qadir Baloch, while addressing a press conference in Quetta, said on the occasion of commencing the first phase of the long march: “If the state authorities seemed least bothered about our key issue despite the completion of our first phase of the long march. We will resume our long from Karachi to Islamabad to keep protesting until or unless the last missing Baloch is recovered.” Similarly, when the leaders failed to convince the Baloch families to release their relatives, then Mama Qadir Baloch along with other Baloch families resumed their long march on December 13, 2013—a distance of 1468, which the Baloch families have to cover.
When contacted, Mama Qadir Baloch said: “In Sindh, the people belonging to different walks of life have been welcoming us after resuming the second phase of the long march.”
“At international level, we are being satisfactorily responded by the media and Human Rights Organizations,” he added.
Moreover, it is to be noted that the responsible authorities are not taking up the issue of the Baloch missing persons, because, despite the Baloch families’ ongoing long and excruciating journey for their relatives, two more missing Balochs’ dead bodies are found from the Lasbella and Pishin districts of Balochistan. After the responsible authorities’ frequent hoodwinking, the international organizations should intervene into this key issue for the purpose of remedying the Baloch missing persons’ families’ grieves.
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