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Title April 2015

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Murder of Sabeen Mahmud; no one is allowed to dissent

By Ahmed Khan

Sabeen Mahmud a 40 years lady, on 24th April, 2015, was shot-dead right after a seminar “Un-silencing11156126_960159320669087_5721720710965510220_n Balochistan”. After conclusion of seminar, she was on the way to home in Karachi Defense area which is a posh cluster of the city that her vehicle stopped on a square due to red-signal, meantime the motor cyclists were lurking opened fire and targeted Ms Mahmud on her upper torso. The bullets hit on her head, neck, chest and other parts of body which had pierced into the body. She was injured critically and before being shifted to hospital succumbed to bullet wounds.

Sabeen Mahmud’s mother also received bullets but she survived. The driver was sitting in same vehicle on back seat at time of spree, remained unhurt in the incident.

Sabeen Mahmud was a pacifist with progressive mind-set. She love humanism and was a crusade to overcome on injustices exist in society, in civilized way by logic and reason. For pragmatic steps to implement here’s thoughts on ground she established a café is called “The Second Floor (T2F)”. It was a library and forum where untouched or rejected matters would be discussed by intellectuals and sane people who persuade or get convinced through rational information or dialectics.

Sabeen Mahmud broached various topics on her developed forum T2F, on the eve of “Valentine Day” she tweeted “Let lovers get closed” (Faslae na rakhein, piyar honay dain) which goaded the religions elements that already were campaigning against this festival.

 Apart from mentioned topics, Sabeen Mahmud was a staunch human rights defender and in this state the citizen’s rights are not given but country is run in plutocratic style by mixture of religion. The ruling class and establishment merely taking benefit has coerced the majority but for the justification of their stand-off they get verdicts from clergymen.

The civilized world is to be observed about advancement in life and civilization, so only the glasnost (openness) is the thing which led them to trouble free, even tolerance about religion or interfaith. Sabeen Mahmud also was striving to pave a way for such a society where people would respect the faith of each other and her forum T2F was cornerstone about this.

In Balochistan, the injustices by state officials roused rebellious sentiments. Instead of redress the Balochistan’s people; the haughty rulers are suppressing voice of victims in this province. The maltreated Baloch by establishment formed an organization to voice-up against atrocities on them. These Baloch were headed by Sabeen Mahmud and she as her nature arranged a seminar to spot-light on this bereft issue. But she did not know that some matters are totally illicit even to be visualized in mind about those you have talked.

Sabeen Mahmud worked on various fields and challenging issues. Her mechanism for putting things on right position was very decent, rational, logical and pacifist. Hence, motives behind the murder of Sabeen Mahmud have conveyed a message to critiques in Pakistan that they zip theirs lips, blind fold the eyes and lock on the brains.

The minds do not imagine any dissent; otherwise, their fate will be similar to Sabeen Mahmud. The assailants of Ms Mahmud are so strong and unanswerable to anyone because they have perpetrated in such situation and condition that a common person probably cannot do it. In defense area of Karachi is fully protected by government’s security official through all means of modern invention and it is supervised by high rank officers. That is why Sabeen’s murderers may not be caught but can silent to dissent perseveres.

Malala Yousafzai condemned the tragic killing of human rights activist by say her hurts goes-out to Sabeen’s family and friends. She stated further the authorities should arrest the perpetrators of this crime and to protect human rights and peaceful activists.

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) stated in its urgent appeal program that the federal government must appoint judges from Sind High Court (SHC) to hold inquiry in to the murder of human rights defender and bring the culprits before the court of law whatever is their position. It is high time that the security forces who are running their own parallel system against the rule of law.

Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) stated in its press release that they strongly condemned the assassination of renewed activist and human rights defender Sabeen Mahmud. The commission demanded that Sabeen’s killers must be held to account and immediate steps must be taken to address the escalating threats and violence against rights defender across Pakistan.

Further the HRCP stated the authorities must acknowledge the growing protection challenges for human rights defenders and must adopt measures to ensure their safety and to end impunity for the perpetrators who have been systematically silencing the bravest daughters and sons.

The observatory for the protection of human rights defenders (FIDH) in a joint program and the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) in a joint program expressed dismay of the assassination of Ms. Sabeen Mahmud and called upon the authorities to investigate and bring the perpetrators of this hatful crime to justice.

Further the organization stated the Pakistani authorities must promptly investigate the circumstances leading to Ms Sabeen in order to end this long-lasting climate of impunity, by bringing the perpetrators of this hateful crime to justice. Added OMCT Secretary General Staberock.

China’s expansionism to Balochistan

By Shehzad Baloch

The Soviet Union in sought of warm water’s avail had stricken in Afghanistan and got disintegrated. By now,5534d0e14edeb another power China in the pursuance of being superpower is on footprint of Soviet and has fixed its eyes on same locale the Gwadar.

The Soviet Union past superpower and present emerging colonial power the China has some differences in policies. The China is on the path of expansionism, making colonies in innovative way. The Soviet Union used its army and resources to subjugate the small nationalities. But China first snatches resources of under developed nations by the assistance of controlled government or it pays-off the bourgeois rulers from robbed wealth from small occupied nationalities.

In Balochistan, the China first looted resources by succor of Pakistani establishment in shape of Saindak gold project and other minerals. By now, it is stepping in Balochistan pragmatically and paying a small amount which first gained from also Balochistan. And this red-imperialist is also evading bring its army directly to Balochistan but using Pakistan’s forces under its command. The China is much shrewd rather than the Soviet Union that directly used its resources and army.

China is relinquishing socialistic economy and is based on open market or capitalism. For catering its huge population it supplies low-cost production in world market. This country for excess to markets need routes and bases for shipment, transship and further process. Raw material is required to China for steering the wheel of it industry and consumption. For all these purposes it has picked the region of Balochistan and its coast the Gwadar.

The Gwadar, once a part of Oman before it is gained by Pakistan in 1958, without consent of genuine heir the Baloch. This is least developed district in Balochistan. It sits strategically near the Persian Gulf and close to the Strait of Hormuz, through which 40% of world’s oil passes.

The construction and operation of this multi-billion dollar deep sea port at Gwadar was constructed to a Chinese company in 2013, and some analysts argue that the port could turn into China’s naval base in the Baloch occasion, enabling Beijing to monitor Indian and American naval activities. In Arab occasion American Aircraft ships are patrolling but China also wants control on strategic points like Gwadar.

The China has planned to build more giant ports as modal of Guangdong in Africa and Asia.

China already made long-term agreements with Russia and Central Asian States Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan about oil and gas. So now, China is enhancing diplomatic ties with Arab states regarding oil and gas security. The Gwadar port cut its long distance and from this point, the Chinese bordering towns are merely 2500 kilometer.

The Chinese president Xi Jingping arrived in Islamabad on April 20, 2015, for one day visit. Where president signed on bilateral agreements mostly energy sector but the main project was Gwadar deep sea port and linking with this port of Chinese bordering cities which is named economic corridor. Chinese officials described the corridor as the “flagship project” of a border policy “One Belt, One Road” which seeks to physically connect the China to its markets in Asia, Europe and beyond.

The Indian security analyst and think-tanks are viewing Chinese existence in Balochistan expansionism and advancement in military aspect. The Indian analyst foretold that Gwadar will be naval of China in future. The European countries particularly America also doesn’t seem to tolerate the Chinese presence in Balochistan.

In Balochistan, a separatist war is being fought. This resource rich province’s masses are the poorest in entire country. The China already is busy in plundering resources of Baloch by help of Pakistan’s establishment. The Pakistani rulers and establishment’s parts confessed injustices with Baloch but meantime they are continuing extraction of resources by help of China without will of Baloch but they in foisted way are implementing designs on ground.

The discussed dissents in Balochistan caused mutiny in province. The Baloch commenced guerilla warfare after failure in political manner in the gain of rights within state of Pakistan. The Baloch separatists are resisting for more than twelve years and state forces by power could not root-out insurgency in the province of Balochistan. The separatist movement after its struggle of decade also got recognized internationally and generated sources for its long term sustain.

The Pakistan’s political system totally got failed and corruption with individual interests crippled the state; resultantly, it survives only on aid or in return of selling of its assets or fighting proxy war for someone. Now it has sold-out the Gwadar port to China after giving mineral of province to that.

The China has oxygenated Pakistani establishment to eliminate the obstacles in Balochistan. The Baloch insurgents carried-out several time attacks on Chinese companies in the region. The China antagonistic countries may support these Baloch insurgent for subversive activities. On the other hand, establishment also got about $46 from China and adamant to curb resistance and snatch all from Balochistan’s people and onward keep up its arrogance. The top brass is menacing the insurgents for ultimate consequence for being hampered in interests. The nationalists are also blaming in their statements on state apparatuses for genocide of Baloch nation.

The prevailing situations in Balochistan are inkling to a dreadful scenario in future. Conditions will demarcate the fate of Baloch nation whether it will be able to uphold it identification with historical heritage of thousand years, preserve its resources for nation, but in case of defeat it will lose all like Saindak, Sui and other projects which didn’t benefit a tinge to Baloch.

The China is a sham socialist state that does not consider small nations’ interests but trampling all human values to grab Baloch resources. This attitude by China is totally negation of socialism but shows it a red-imperialist.

Program “Un-silencing Balochistan” interdicted

By Nadia Baloch

The prominent Baloch human rights defender Mama Abdul Qadeer Baloch got the attention of national and5529eb645d644 international human rights organizations as well as media, when he along with his fellow marchers had marched from Quetta to Karachi and then Karachi to Islamabad and by this he broke the world record of Gandhi who traveled 700 km. The purpose of this march was to get the attention of the International human rights organization and developed societies about the violation of human rights in Balochistan in shape of abduction of Baloch political activist, human rights defenders and people from all walks of life and their extra judicial killing.

Mama Qadeer has been struggling on the platform of the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) for the safe recovery of missing persons. He is the Vice Chairman of the VBMP, his son Jaleel Reki was abducted on 13 February, 2009, after two and half years his bullet riddled body was found from Turabt. After the extra judicial killing of Mr Reki, the human right defender Mama Qadeer has devoted his life for the early release of missing persons. He along with the members of organization have been recording their protest, organizing seminars to raise voice against the violation of human rights in Balochistan. Since the formation of the organization, Mama Qadeer has never taken rest, with every passing day he is seen in protest camp in front of Quetta, Karachi and Islamabad press clubs or participating seminars conducted against the enforced disappearances. Pictures of the missing and extra judicial killed persons were displayed in the camp established by Mama Qadeer to protest tirelessly.

Few days back, on 9th April, a program on human rights was scheduled at Lahore University of Management Science (LUMS). The title of the talk was “Un-silencing Balochistan”. The panelists of the talk were follows:  Mama Abdul Qadeer Baloch the Vice Chairman of the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons, Farzana Majeed the Secretary General of the VBMP, Mohammad Ali Talpur a columnist, I.A Rehman the Director of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Asim Sajjad the Assistant Professor at Quaid-e- Azam University and human rights activist, Sajjad Chaghezi human rights activist, Alif Ailaan, and the program was moderated by Rashid Rehman the chief editor of renowned newspaper Daily Times.

According to media reports, the talk was cancelled by interdict of the state authorities.

Dr. Taimur Rehman a faculty member of LUMS talking to Pakistan Today said that men from Inter-Services-Intelligence (ISI) visited LUMS, and presented a letter calling for cancellation of talks.

They further said that Balochistan is a sensitive issue and the moot could be used to malign Pakistan, said Dr. Rehman, adding that the intelligence officials were firm in their directives.

The talks were aimed at understanding the Balochistan issue and discussing ways on how to resolve the longstanding problems of Baloch people. It was supposed to be an academic discussion which was muzzled for no good reason. This is violation of academic freedom and curb on freedom of speech. The Baloch also have right to express their reservations, which could help us in reaching a logical solution, the issue facing the province.  Dr. Rehman said.

The students of LUMS have recorded their protested on social media and urged the government that such talks should be held, the cancellation of human rights talk is the  violation of freedom of expression. Students stated on social media.

It is not the first time the state’s authorities have claimed that the VBMP office bearers are involved in anti-state activities. We were disallowed to travel abroad by state authorities to attend a seminar on human rights in USA. Mama Qadeer said.

“The reason of the cancelation of talk was to not let the students to know about the issue of missing person and the extra judicial killing of political activists. The members of the organization have knocked every door of the state institute including the Supreme Court of Pakistan and still the cases are in pending at court. The first information reports of missing persons are filed in the police stations of the state. If they were involved in anti-state activities, they would not appear before the judiciary.” Said by the families of missing persons.

Due to absence of media coverage the rest of the people of Pakistan are unaware of the situations in Balochistan. According to the VBMP and other political organizations, in Balochistan the number of missing persons is in thousand, and more than one thousand people were extra judicially killed.

The peoples in provinces of Pakistan do not know why political activist, students and people from grass root level of this province Balochistan are being abducted and extra judicially killed. They even don’t known; the motives behind formation of organization the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons. Why the members of the organization marched the longest distance of 2700 km? Why they are sitting on token hunger strike camp?

They must be informed that they their loved ones were brutally taken away from them, they have consulted the judiciary and were ignored by the supreme institutes of the state, and then they adopted the way of peaceful protest for the safe recovery of their loved ones.

Majority of the people of Pakistan doesn’t know about the issue of Balochistan. A report telecasted on BBC, people of the Punjab were asked about the areas and people of Balochistan so they didn’t know anything about this province. They even don’t know it was the state of Balochistan.

Workshops should be held in the educational institutions of Punjab and other provinces of Pakistan regarding the issue of Balochistan. It was the first program which was scheduled on human rights about Balochistan at the educational institution of Lahore; Mama Qadeer and Farzana Majeed were among the speaker panelist, and later the talk was cancelled by the interference of the state authorities to stop the freedom of expression and it is violation of the article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

1: Every one shall have the right to hold opinion without interference.

2: Every one shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice.

Front Line Defenders stated that it’s a grave concern at the silencing of the discussion session at LUMS and continuing smear campaign against human rights defenders working on the behalf of the Baloch people, as well as the refusal of the Pakistani authorities to lift the travel ban placed upon Mama Qadeer as a result of his human rights work.

The Asian Human Rights Commission condemned the cancellation of the talk and stated that intervention in the academic debate on the issue of Balochistan and demands that the state conduct an enquiry into the matter. Any intellectual debate cannot be silenced forcefully. The society and its people have a right to have free thoughts and access to information as enshrined in the constitution of Pakistan.

In the constitution of Pakistan every citizen shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, subject to any reasonable restriction imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or the integrity, security of defense of Pakistan or any part thereof friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency or morality, or in relation or contempt of court, [commission of] or incitement to an offence.

But here in Balochistan entirely different situation, the constitutional and fundamental rights are not followed by the state authorities.

The predicament of Yemen bares exploitation through state-structure

By Ahmad Khan

The Saudi Arabia is a state was created to deal the Muslim World by imperialist. It was used as controllingsanaa-shia-houthi-yemen on Muslim World but now circumstances evolved in shape that this state is representing only Sunni Sect. It is bizarre that the Saudi has amicable interaction with Non-Muslim States but has antagonism with Shias a sect within Muslim faith. In fact, the sectarian belief is being used to extract benefits and distract detriments.

Currently two types of states exist in world; social inclined and corporate or bourgeois ruled states.

In Europe, some states are welfare or social and also democratic which secure interests of its citizens are cherished by them with patriotic sentiments. For instance, Sweden, Denmark, Newze-land, Canada, Holland and so on. These mentioned state’s governments are like administrative committees and borders are totally slackened and defense budget of said states is very small in size, but these exploit all its income for citizens’ welfare and better life standard.

The second types of states are controlled by bourgeois who persecute its people in despotic way. The Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Afghanistan India and likewise are the best model of corporate state. Where citizens are enslaved and denied all human rights in 21st century.

A layer or bourgeois class is all in all within country and masses are helpless or they kept engaged in gain of sustenance or they are got loggerhead in sectarian affairs.

Similarly, the Saudi royal family has expanded its influence on other countries out of the Saudi Arabia. The Yemen is one among those discussed countries. The Saudi royals created a comprador or controlled regime in shape of Mansoor Hadi governorate in Yemen and through that it was plundering all resources and labor of Yemenis by the use of sectarian slogan.

The long grubby series of injustices with Yemenis give birth to rebellious sentiments. In this country, both sects wagging war against compradors. The Sunnis joined platform of Al-Qaeda and second largest population is Zaidi comprises on Houthi tribes who formed armed militia after long term exploitation at the hands of Saudis an imperialist supported monarchism run country.

In Yemen, the Houti insurgency began in June, 2004. Hussan Badreddin al –Houthi is belonging to Zaidi sect was heading insurgency after dissident with Saadah government. The insurgency got animated in Northwestern Yemen and spread in other parts of country including in Saudi Province of Jizan.

In South of Yemen is bastion of Al-Qaeda Sunni belief a militant organization has rife globally. This organization is also unaccepted by Saudi monarchists and their supporter the United States of America.

In August, 2009, the Yemeni Army launched an operation but motivated and persecuted people by rulers of country and Saudis were invincible. The Houthi’s fight got focused by world when they skirmished with Saudi forces along with border in 2009.

On 20 January, 2015, the Houthi fighters overthrew the Mansoor Hadi regime by capturing the presidential place. The so-called president run-away to Saudi Arabia for sanctuary. Saudi Arabia is the country where mostly abscond totalitarians take refuge, for instance, Mansoor Hadi ousted president of Yemen, Zain-ul-Abidin the banished president of Tunisia, Nawaz Sharif also went Saudi when he was ousted by Musharraf, and other many rulers after massive corruption run to this country where they ever received with protocol and onward lead luxurious life by looted wealth from their country’s citizens.

Presently, the Houthi fighters have occupied the most of areas in Yemen. But they don’t have any political program to implement in country for smooth running it. They through their statements expressed that in Yemen will not be theologist government of Zaidi because in country the Shafi doctrine is bigger. The Houthis are intended to establish a parliament where all sects have equal rights, and Hadi government and predecessor regimes ever marginalized them.

The Saudi Arabia extracts all agriculture products and resources of Yemen by a controlled government in shape of Mansoor Hadi and predecessors who kept pauper the Houthis and now they have toppled this regime. But, the Saudi Bourgeois is worried that this country may go out of their control. The Saudi Arabia is an arid area but gets agrigarian products from Yemen. This country was under the control of Saudi by a comprador that is why it is fighting by formed alliance conisting of some Arab States. In their joint statement Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirate, Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait said they decided to repel Houthi militias, Al-Qaeda and ISIS in the country.

In ongoing war in Yemen; the UAE contributed 30 fighter jets, Bahrain 15, Kuwait 15, Qatar 10 and Jordan 6 in current operation. The mentioned countries formed a joint Arab force and declared Houthi coup a threat to Gulf States.

Here it is some interesting that they consider Houthis Shia and inclined toward Iran a Shai theologies state, but ISIS and Al-Qaeda are not Shia and these are bigot Sunni organizations, but are not accepted by Saudi and Sunni Arab States above mentioned. This policy implies, the war in Yemen is not a religious or sectarian but bargoeise defending strife.

Currently, the United States has reconciled on nuclear controversies with Iran; hence evade to step-in the war of Yemen in favor of its old ally the Saudi Arabia.

The Saudi Arabia is expecting from those countries where it has established comprador or religious supporters or empowered theirs armies. The Pakistan is epitomized, about this BBC through a report informed that Saudi ever funded this country. Further the western media informed that the Saudi Arabia added 60 % share in construction of Pakistan’s Atomic bomb. And after nuclear tests on 28th May, 1998, in Balochistan province, the international world imposed sanctions on Pakistan, and then the Saudi Arabia had been giving 50000 barrels per day to it for sustaining.

The Pakistani army and government bought war machinery, war-plane and other equipment by given funds the Arab states, especially the Saudi Arabia. Today, those countries want Pakistan should come forth and support war in Yemen to the Saudi Arabia whether it is righteous or wrong.  The Bourgeoisies bring up comprador to use them in their favor, and present states are not for citizens’ welfare but established to protect the burghers’ interests.

The Pakistan aristocrats have business and properties in Saudi, UAE and other Arab States, so for protection of their assets they also are inclined to involve in Yemen war but common masses are dissuaded.

The Houthis should adopt a socialistic ideology and win masses hearts and minds. Further, they should deliver justice to masses, and get all Yemenis regardless creed and sect, and then no one can defeat them. Because the Houthis if get dependent on Iran then they will again be slave like they were of Saudi and Yemen will be out of fry pan but into the fire. And they will build another bourgeois controlled state by Iran instead of Saudi Arabia. Certainly, in such condition mutiny will be up. They must remember only social based system can pull-out country from chaos.

Karl Marx viewed the state as a creature of the bourgeois economic interest. The executive of the modern state is nothing but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. The quotation of Marx is approved in Yemen by the Saudi, Pakistan and Arab States that’s citizens cost off this purposeless war.

The reverberated Pak-China economic corridor is for military purposes: BSO-A

Bolan Voice Report

The China’s president arrival in Pakistan and signing on the agreements pertaining to the   investment onbso_azad Baloch land invigorates the Chinese expansionism in this region. The investment by China in Balochistan is for the military interests not for economic development. Said the BSO Azad spokesperson in a statement.

The China is desired to get the control on the Baloch land and resources through Pakistan and overcome on rival states and materialize its expansionist policies on ground. The Chinese arrival in Balochistan is a great threat to the Baloch national interests, years old history and existence.

The China is extending its legs till Central Asian States and Africa which will ignite a war in region and foreboded further it will catch in flame to entire world. The China is going to wage a war on Baloch land, a distanced place intentionally to get unharmed its country.

 With the announcement of Gwadar to Kashgar economic corridor construction, the security forces have intensified its ongoing operation and genocide of Baloch nation in Balochistan by Chines succor. The security forces are displacing the Baloch mass from their villages and towns. The future ominous atrocities on the Baloch masses can be assessed by incept of construction of corridor which impacted on Baloch drasticaly.

The China is assisting the Pakistani security forces on large scale with aim to give protection its investment in Balochistan. The China is also determent to diploy its aircraft carrier ship in Baloch occasion in nearer future. It is outspoken that China’s investment in this region is not for the economic development but to obtain its military interests.

The spokesperson further stated, the Baloch nation is striving to uphold its identity and do not allow such investments in warlike situations. The aim of Chinese military investment is to make colonies in world including Balochistan.

Furthermore, government is trying for the demographic changes in the coastal areas and maligned to displace the Baloch masses from their land.

The agreements about Gwadar port without the consent of Blaoch nation cannot be materialized, because nation do not allow the Chinese or other international companies to invest on Baloch land in present settings.

The international organizations and developed countries should come forth to prevent the Baloch land turning into war arena, and then Baloch nation will be able to contribute in maintaining the peace in world. The civilized world assistance can enable Baloch to play a constructive role in international peace and development.

Nuclear tests radiate fallouts in Balochistan

By Mansoor Baloch

Nuclear test conducted to confirm the power and explosive potential of nuclear weapons. The main purposepic-RasKoh of conducting nuclear test to get information how it works and it often used to mark of scientific and military power. Conducting nuclear tests to declare their state as a nuclear power country.

The first nuclear weapon test was conducted by the United States America (USA) on 16 July, 1945. The USA has conducted 1030 tests, among them 815 tests were underground, 210 were in the atmosphere and 5 were under water.

Pakistan conducted its first nuclear test on 28th May, 1998. The tests were conducted in Chaghi district of Balochistan province at the hills of RasKoh. After the nuclear tests’ Pakistan was declared the first Muslim nuclear power state.

Chaghi is known the largest districts of Pakistan covering 50,545 km land area of the country. It is located in the North West corner of Balochistan, Pakistan, and bordering with Afghanistan and Iran.

 As the compensation of nuclear test the suppressed people of Balochistan are suffering from the operations which are conducted on daily basis in every district, number of people are displaced from their home towns and many of them are forcibly abducted, their bodies marks of severely tortured dumped in various areas of the province, the discovery of mass graves deepen the concerns of missing persons family members.

Moreover, the Balochistan province made the Pakistan a nuclear state. After the nuclear tests hollow promises and claims were made by the provincial and federal governments for the development of the province. But the situation is getting worsen with each passing day. People are suffering from poverty, in the existence of RecoDick, Saindak and Gwadar deep sea port etc.

The health care centers are showing the worst form in the province Balochistan and a large number of people are suffering various diseases after the nuclear test radiation, such as skin diseases, redness of skin, heart diseases, blood problem and diarrhea etc.

The agriculture system is going to be down each passing day because the ecological effects of the test are numerous. As geologists believe that the tests have not only causes a decline in ground water but also have polluted both surface and ground waters. Therefore, the polluted water is not suitable four human beings drinking or even farming.  Global climate change resulting in water shortage has already affected the entire region.

The nuclear test explosion resulted diseases and deaths of numerous cattle’s affected by the radiation. The livestock and agriculture are the main source of livelihood of the people Balochistan province. The tests have terribly affected the social, economic and livestock of the people. No measures are taken by the both provincial and federal concerned department to facilitate the affected people of the area.

As research studies have been produced that these claims many inborn in children in Chaghi and other adjoining areas of the province including abnormality of limbs or their loss in the later segment of the age.

What actually Balochistan needs the social, economic, educational, health, sanitation, equality and agricultural development. But unfortunately every regime of the governments, the people of Balochistan are being apologized by the ruling government for the injustices, violation of human rights and the wrong policies of the governments. After months or years the ruling government will act extensively on the same policies.

Silencing dissent in Pakistan

DAWOOD AHMED

Those who would give up essential liberty, to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor10177314_1563584660571837_4091666550158145804_n safety” — this clichéd quote is ascribed to Benjamin Franklin; it presupposes a trade-off but for the inhabitants of Karachi, there is no choice to be made; there is neither liberty, nor security.

The murder of Sabeen Mahmud amply demonstrates this but examples are, unfortunately, not rare. In 2013, Parveen Rehman, an activist who spent 28-years campaigning for land and basic service rights for the poor in Karachi, was murdered in similar circumstances. There will undoubtedly be countless others we may not have heard of but who have suffered a similar fate.

I had only met Sabeen once (when my wife was speaking at the T2F) and had spoken to her once again when I was intending to speak on how Muslim countries can build constitutional democracies while paying fidelity to religious values.

I recall being impressed at the time that someone had put in so much effort to create a forum, a space (perhaps the only one) where historians, lecturers and scientists shared knowledge on subjects as diverse as dark matter, human rights and the arts — a rare luxury in Muslim majority countries where, to put into some context the poor state of knowledge creation, in 2005 “Harvard University produced more scientific papers than 17 Arabic-speaking countries combined and where the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims have produced only two Nobel laureates in chemistry and physics.” The T2F, it appeared, sought to fill this chronic gap.

And that is precisely what makes her death all the more troubling; it signals that the personal cost for producing knowledge that challenges the status quo can be very high; several years have gone by and Karachi still remains firmly in the grip of the same vested interests, which remind us time and again that there can be no meaningful dissent.

To be sure, one does not need to have liked what Sabeen did or agree with what she said. Nevertheless, unless every person — including those who oppose reason or dissent — is assured security of life, there is every incentive for people to not step up and fix the problems that need to be fixed in this country.

The social harm of silencing Sabeen then, and other people who stepped up to this job, will be severe and incalculable; the precedent remains unmistakable.

The real tragedy here is not just that an innocent individual life was taken (which is unforgivable in itself); nor is this a question about free speech or free expression. Rather, the issue is one of social progress and justice.

No matter what your beliefs are and where they originate from, prosperity requires the production of knowledge; knowledge, however, cannot be produced in an environment when dissenting voices are punished.

Thus, the consequence of this murder can only result in more of what has happened for decades: the brain-drain will continue as educated, well-intentioned persons who can bring social change in the country seek any opportunity to escape, if they have not already done so, not for lack of opportunity but because those opportunities are meaningless without security.

This sets up a vicious cycle where those who can make a difference leave and those who the country needs to get rid of — those who have their hands on the trigger — the vested interests — thrive.

The end result is an irreplaceable void for those who wither away at the receiving end of suffering at the margins of social order.

And this is precisely where the state has failed most dismally.

It is clear that not only has the state not been able to positively deliver basic public goods since its inception; it has miserably even failed to deliver the less costly good of providing basic security so as to create a stable environment where social entrepreneurs — such as Parveen (land rights) and Sabeen (knowledge) could have stepped into the state’s shoes to do its job.

Democracy is not simply a state of existence; it is a process.

And, to take a wholly pessimistic view, the failure of the state will probably continue beyond the grave as it most likely fails to convincingly apprehend, investigate and punish the perpetrators.

The darkly comedic script used on previous occasions will (and I hope I am mistaken) likely play out again. That is, to show that it is responsive, the state may arrest some individuals and put them on show trials in what pass off as “courts” or kill others claiming they were perpetrators or it may seek to establish some commission of inquiry that is either powerless or drags its heels whilst people’s memories and feelings regarding the incident fade.

As a separate matter, considering some of the speculation about the motives surrounding her murder, can the state even be trusted to mete out justice?

Unfortunately, beggars cannot be choosers.

It is perhaps not too cliché to remark then that, for those who aspire to do good in this country, there is little justice before or after death.

We do not know who murdered Sabeen but we do know the only constant in this land is that there is no liberty, nor security.

(Courtesy to Dawn)

Comrade Fida sacrificed life for Human liberty: BSF

Bolan Voice Report

Comrade Fida Baloch, Hafeez Qambrani, Shah Zaman Kurd, Naseebullah Baloch, Babo Bugti and Moran2918660712_b62d0a27b1 Bugti were vigorous political workers in struggle of independence, who sacrificed their lives for Baloch cause, but theirs notions are alive and leading today nation’s patriots. The Baloch political worker Comrade Fida was martyred on 1st May in 80s decade. The Baloch Salvation Front consisting of Baloch Watan Movement, Balochistan Independence Movement and Baloch Gohar Movement pays great homage to Fida Baloch and other martyrs.

Through media statement the spokesperson of Front said that from the martyrdom day of Fida Baloch till to date thousands of Baloch sons and daughters were extra judicially killed intentionally to suspend Baloch struggle. But the Baloch descendants are sacrificing their lives for the Baloch cause and movement, constantly.

Fida Baloch was assassinated in a systematic way that no one come forth and led the Baloch nation, but so-called parliamentarian are given safe way to parliament. This conspiracy was hatched by establishment with collusion of here’s so-called parliamentarian nationalists intentionally to get engage the Baloch masses in state assemblies’ seats and divert or totally exterminate the ideology of independence or a Baloch national state with a fair and equality base system.

The assassination of Comrade Fida is an immense deficit of Baloch, and his nonexistence also left a vacuum in Baloch politics but his thoughts and ideology are leading even today the Baloch political workers.

Further the spokesperson said that those who are following the ideology of Fida Baloch are the real successor to him and presently are struggling for the Baloch cause. And those never can be the disciple or comrade of Fida who had connived in martyrdom and subsequently became part of state’s parliaments.

Between comrade Fida’s ideology and present parliamentarians’ thoughts have great contrast and these so-called nationalists do not have right to use his name and conduct sham programs in his remembrance.

The Baloch martyrs are genuine heir of Comrade Fida’s philosophy, who have embraced martyrdom but did not nudge from national question and truth. Comrade Fida and Baloch martyrs are valuable assets of Baloch nation. Stated in statement sent to media houses by Baloch Salvation Front.

Everyone senses insecurity in Balochistan: BSO-A

Bolan Voice Report

Baloch Student Organization Azad (BSO Azad) has expressed grave concerns over the killing of thebso_azad missing zonal activist of the organization Sangat Rasool Jan and others decomposed bodies were dump during the operation in Kech. The operation is intensified and widened in range throughout Balochistan and innocent civilians are being injured and killed. Informed BSO-A officials the media by a press conference held at Karachi press club.

They stated that even people do not feel themselves safe at their homes. Passengers during the travel on roads are feared they may not be abducted and disappeared from the security check posts established on highways and in towns. That is why everyone in Balochistan is in sense of insecurity.

The media is responsible professionally and ethically to show real picture and also represent the political and social changes in any region, but in Balochistan the situation is contradicted, because with every passing day innocent Balochs are targeted to kill, abducted and thousands of families are forcibly displaced from their native areas, and atrocities on Baloch has been blacked-out by mentioned media. BSO Azad officials blamed.

Further stated in BSO Azad statement that numerous incidents took place in Balcohistan and the reliable example of it is last days conducted operation in Turbat where missing persons’ bullet riddled bodies were thrown into fake encounter. Apart from the body of Hayat Baywas other bodies were identified of the missing persons, who were abducted from different areas of Balochistan some days before this incident. Months ago missing persons were killed in a fake encounter in Noshkey, their bodies were dumped and the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons an organization also verified early arrest of killed Balochs. The mainstream media is silent about such incidents.

Din Mohammad Bugti was abducted from Dasht, Master Asghar Dad was picked up on December, 2013, and Rasool Jan Baloch was abducted along with more than a dozen of students on January 7, 2014, from Atta Shad College Hostel at Turbat. He was the General Secretary of BSO Azad Turbat zone and a student of BA in Atta Shad College, he simultaneously was a teacher at DELTA English Language Center. They were abducted in the presence of many people. Hayat Baloch was handicap and was on wheel chair for many years, he was killed at his home during the operation. BSO Azad workers expressed in lamented way during the press conference.

Rasool Jan Baloch was struggling peacefully through the platform of BSO Azad. He was not only a student but also a teacher at DELTA Center a private English language center. Many such models are present in Balochistan that activists were abducted on the bases of political affiliation, and later on they were killed. But the civil society and media are completely silent about this issue.

 The BSO Azad is concerned about the life of Chairman Zahid Baloch, Zakir Majeed Baloch, the abducted members and leaders including all the missing persons. The United Nation, international human rights organizations and media should play their due role to stop the extra judicial killing of the Baloch activists. Due to silence of these institutes, thousands of missing persons’ lives is at risk.

US hands over used combat aircraft, other weapons to Pakistan

By Anwar Iqbal

The United States has handed over 14 combat aircraft, 59 military trainer jets and 374 armoured personnel 554b7e4396acacarriers to Pakistan from the weapons it is leaving behind in the region, reports the Congressional Research Service.

The agency, which prepares internal reports for the US Congress, reported that the weapons supplied to Pakistan were earlier used by American forces in Afghanistan and Iraq.

The United States is withdrawing its forces from Afghanistan and has offered some of the weapons it is leaving behind to its allies in the region, including Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Technically, these weapons are classified as “Excessive Defense Articles”, i.e. equipment used by the US forces, which can be supplied to allied nations at withdrawal instead of shipping them back to the United States.

The weapons include F-16 armaments including 500 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles; 1,450 2,000-pound bombs; 500 JDAM Tail Kits for gravity bombs; and 1,600 Enhanced Paveway laser-guided kits. All this has cost Pakistan $629 million.

Pakistan has also paid $298 million for 100 harpoon anti-ship missiles, 500 sidewinder air-to-air missiles ($95 million); and seven Phalanx Close-In Weapons System naval guns ($80 million).

Under Coalition Support Funds (in the Pentagon budget), Pakistan received 26 Bell 412EP utility helicopters, along with related parts and maintenance, valued at $235 million.

Pakistan is also receiving military equipment with a mix of its national funds and America’s foreign military funding.

These include 60 Mid-Life Update kits for F-16A/B combat aircraft (valued at $891 million, with $477 million of this in FMF).

Pakistan has purchased 45 such kits, with all upgrades completed to date. This include 115 M-109 self-propelled howitzers ($87 million, with$53 million in FMF).

(Courtesy to Dawn)

Baloch Blood Bank arranges seminar on Thalassemia day

By Basheer Ahmed Ijbani

ijbariThalassemia is a Greek word, Thal means land and Semia stands for sea. It exists historically in warm area of the world, and there are three main types of thalassemia; minor, intermediate and major. Beta thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that is caused by defective hemoglobin genes. It is a genetic disease which transfers from parents to newborn babies. It causes efficiency of quantity of red-cells and reduces this too. It causes essential to supply blood to patients, it is one of the dangerous diseases throughout the world. The first thalassemia case was reported in Europe and described by Doctor Thomas Colony in 1925. We can say it that, from birth to death this disease affects all aspects of life, mostly patients needed supply of blood two or four weeks in a month regularly or as requirements of affected patients.

As usual this year, on 8th May, in Quetta, in the connection of International Thalassemia day, the Baloch Blood Bank conducted a rally, which was kicked-off from Baloch Blood Bank main office On Sher Mohd Quetta, the participant marching on different roads reached officers’ club near civil secretariat Balochistan, where the organizers and Chief Guest of event Mr Poll Hockect spoke to the gathering and delivered information to the participant about the disease.

In his speech Mr Poll Hocteck said that it is very hazardous disease, our organization is struggle to bbberadicate this from our glob, and we are supporting all Blood Banks everywhere these are situated. Our aim is just to serve the humanity and facilitate the Blood Banks. At last he appreciated the Baloch Blood Bank and Dr Anwar Baloch with best compliments. He said that will support discussed organization to promote serve the human more conveniently.

Dr AttahUllah Bizenjo also spoke the gathering and said that Thalassemia disease is very harmful and it is damaging multiply to human. Further he said that it mostly relocates by family marriages and people should avoid marriage with close relatives.  At the last of his speech he said, I appeal the present government to help the Baloch Blood Bank; it is running the organization to help the underprivileged people from difference areas. The people of far-flung are simpleton and oblivious, but this organization of Baloch Blood Bank is helping in capital of province the Quetta to them.

At the end of speech series Dr Pir Jan Khowaja khail said that Thalassemia is threat to entire humanity. We ought to design a task to fight against it till full disappear from our planet. Further he said that Baloch Blood Bank is the organization every year marks Thalassemia day and re-vows to defeat it.

The Baloch Blood Bank is matchless organization in the province of Balochistan that has collected more than 13000 blood pouches within the period of four years. This organization is found by Dr Mohammad Anwar Baloch and formally started functioning on 5 October, 2010. Doctor Anwar Baloch has done very excellent job so far and did philanthropic work by serving the needful humans. The Baloch Blood Bank is organization where people can get blood round the clock. The organization has donors in emergencies, and common blood donors can approach any time in day and night to organization. The organization is philanthropically working and is appreciated by the masses, further affluent people and state authorities should step forward to make it more strengthen.

The writer can be reached at email: basheerahmed30. com twitter: @basheerijbani blog: http://www.basheerijbari. wordpress.com    Facebook: basheerijbani.

HRCP demands release of activist picked up in Turbat

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) has slammed the ‘disappearance’ of one of its activists, shehdadShahdad Mumtaz, in Turbat and demanded that Shahdad must be accorded due process if he is suspected of any crime, or immediately released by the security forces that had detained him on Saturday.

In a statement issued on Tuesday, the commission said: “HRCP is gravely concerned over the detention of Shahdad Mumtaz by the security forces, especially in view of the fact that it appears so far that Shahdad has become a victim of enforced disappearance. HRCP unequivocally condemns arbitrary arrest and detention of all citizens, but is particularly concerned when human rights defenders and conscious citizens engaged in human rights work are targeted, apparently on account of their work. That appears to be the situation in Shahdad’s case, who does not have any history of indulgence in crime.

“HRCP demands that if Shahdad is suspected of any crime the charges against him must be laid out and he must be produced in court without delay and afforded all due process rights. However, if he has not done anything wrong he must be immediately released.

“HRCP also strongly urges the authorities, especially the prime minister and the Balochistan chief minister to put in place effective oversight of the security forces’ actions, to make sure that they do not violate citizens’ rights and also to provide effective redress to the citizens whose rights are infringed.”

Zohra Yusuf

Chairperson

Iran offers Pakistan for security assistance in Balochistan

Bolan Voice Report

The Iranian foreign Minister Abdul Raza Fazali visited Islamabad and in a meeting with the Pakistani highrahmani-fazli2 level officials he offered for security assistance in South-West province of Balochistan, especially in the bordering areas. In discussed areas which are formally administered by Pakistan but Iran claims in adjacent belt with Iranian border is no writ of State of Pakistan. Further, the Iranian Minister also prescribed about joint operations for the eradication of terrorist activities in this region.

The Iranian news agency informed that Mr. Fazali forthed proposal for a troika coalition; Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan to combat terrorism on their soil and conduct operations against terrorists, jointly. He on behalf of his country offered the Pakistan for security assistance too. “We are ready to facilitate Pakistan and Afghanistan in security affairs in where they have problems of insecurity”. Said Mr Fazali.

The Iranian foreign minister said that we several times notified the Pakistan about incapability to control on terrorists and halting them to intrude in their country, where they carry-out attacks on Iranian revolutionary guards deployed along with East-North border. Be remembered that Iranian authorities repeatedly blamed that terrorist from Pakistan enter into Iran and carry-out attacks on its security forces and they back to safe sanctuaries into Balochistan. They also warned, if the state of Pakistan fails to prevent the attacks, resultantly, their forces will penetrate into Pakistani side to deal with them effectively.

Seminar on Balochistan missing persons held at KU despite curbs and fears

MALEEHA HAMID SIDDIQUI

Looking unusually alert in their khaki half-sleeved shirts and trouser uniforms, Rangers personnel wait in554a736951462 their white vehicle watching people streaming in through the Silver Jubilee gate of Karachi University on a sweltering Wednesday morning. Students and staff members enter the gate in a rushed manner. Regular visitors also assume the same mannerism, some heading towards the seminar on Balochistan that has taken on extraordinary significance primarily for two reasons.

Firstly, the university administration has barred the holding of the seminar because of the “sensitivity of the subject”. And, secondly, it follows a discussion held on the same theme and with the same panellists at T2F, whose director Sabeen Mahmud was killed shortly after the discussion ended on April 24.

Social media was rife with will-they/won’t-they-go-ahead speculation. The night before a statement of support from Lahore University of Management Sciences (Lums) students and faculty was posted on the event’s Facebook site. A similar discussion was to be held at Lums on ‘Un-silencing Balochistan’ on April 9 but was cancelled reportedly at the behest of an intelligence agency. Text messages were going back and forth between people who wanted to know how they could go inside the university without being stopped by the Rangers.

It is 10:50am and around 60 people are standing outside the old brown door of the arts auditorium, whose access has been denied by the KU administration. A member of the Teachers Against War and Oppression, mobilisers of the gathering, says: “So what if the auditorium is not opened, we’ll do it here,” pointing to a large open-air hall surrounded on two sides by beige brick walls through which one can view swaying trees. The hall, popularly known as arts lobby, has a sloping white roof with white pillars.

The heat is intensifying and the arts lobby swarming with people. Some are sharing notes on how they made it inside. “I told the Rangers that my cousin lived at the university and I was going to meet her,” says an excited medical student. Another, an art gallery curator and former teacher at the KU’s visual arts department, says she used her old faculty card to enter the premises and also brought along her brother and a friend.

The mastermind of the event, Dr Riaz Ahmed, an energetic chemistry professor, puts up a large banner ‘Baloch missing persons and the role of state and society’ with the help of some students. With a smile plastered on his face and moving hastily from one corner to another, Dr Ahmed dashes towards a white bench, stands on it and speaks to the large gathering: “Amid your thunderous applause let us begin the programme. We have come here to struggle and not to mourn.” Someone asks everyone to sit down. “All we are asking is for freedom to discuss and debate at the university.”

The charged professor mocks the university administration: “By disallowing the event to take place at the arts auditorium they have added to the ignominy of Pakistan as all this is going to be reported by the international media.” Some chant slogans of “shame, shame”. “What makes all this more pathetic is we have a democratic government and this is happening under their watch.”

At 10 minutes to 12, the large assembly of people parts to make way for Mama Qadeer, Farzana Majeed and Mohammad Ali Talpur, who enter the lobby slowly, amid non-stop loud clapping. They are showered with rose petals as they make their way to the makeshift speakers corner.

The programme formally begins with Fateha offered for Waheed-ur-Rehman, Shakeel Auj and Maulana Masood, the recently slain KU professors.

Mama Qadeer, in camel-brown shalwar kameez, clutching prayer beads, lights a candle in memory of Sabeen. Likewise Farzana, in bright magenta shalwar kameez, embellished with characteristic Balochi embroidery, her face wrapped in a floral orange large dupatta, and Mohammad Ali Talpur, a tall man clad in grey shalwar kameez, dark grey waistcoat and mirror-embellished topi, also light candles.

Mama Qadeer begins his speech, reading out from green printouts. “When the PML-N was in opposition it had assured us it would look into the matter. But now that they are in power, they too like the previous governments have continued with the same old tactics against the Baloch. India is being more than ever before blamed for supporting us. But where is the evidence to prove their allegations? The state has been unsuccessful in quelling the movement. Malik [Dr Abdul Malik Baloch] and company have been installed to emasculate our movement. As a result, there is now an increase in operations and forced displacement of people in Balochistan.”

As Mama Qadeer ends his speech, a couple of impassioned young men get up from the audience and say they want to ask Mama Qadeer a couple of questions. One of them waves a blue paper file and says he has a list of missing persons and wants to discuss it. Another one wants to ask about Sabeen. The organisers try to quieten them assuring them their questions will be allowed but later. At this point Dr Ahmed tells the gathering he is not a supporter of Baloch separatism and is against the targeted killing of all the non-Baloch in Balochistan.

Next is Mr Talpur, who connects with the gathering by saying that he, too, studied at the university back in 1969-70. “Why was Sabeen killed? She was always at the forefront of civil rights struggle and believed in defiance. Defiance is contagious and people are scared this virus might become widespread. Why is even one person missing is the fundamental question that needs to be asked.”

Diminutive and soft-spoken Farzana Majeed reads out her speech, which she has penned in English. “I pay rich tributes to Comrade Sabeen. She lives in our hearts and minds forever. Voice of Baloch Missing Persons is the first formal group that is raising the issue of missing persons. More than a year has passed since our march and nothing has changed on ground. We have given up our expectations from the state, media and judiciary. We are now looking at international forums which can ensure the release of missing persons.”

The group is then asked to take out a rally outside the university administration building to register their protest for disallowing them to do the event at the arts auditorium. As the group departs, the impassioned young men shout loudly and say they want their questions to be answered. “We have come all the way from Quetta, we want to know why the BLA and BSO killed our father, brother and sister.” They create such a ruckus that a couple of Rangers personnel take them away to talk to them.

Courtesy to Dawn

Not taken into confidence on Pak-China corridor: Dr Malik Baloch

By Shehzad Baloch

he historical records in Pakistan tell that politicians ever remained subservient to establishment but they didn’t let business of politics for gain of individual interests, particularly wealth.

In 1998, when Akhtar Mengal was Chief Minister of Balochistan and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz instantly was governing in center. At that time, the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in response of Indian Nuclear tests conducted in its state Rajistan, was stubborn to conduct similar tests. On 28th May, 1998, the nuclear tests in Raskoh, a part of Chaghi district were conducted. The Chief Minister Akhtar Mengal himself received Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif at Quetta air and drove vehicles to city personal. But when Mr Mengal’s government was sacked by Prime Minister, so he as similar Dr Malik spoke that he was kept uninformed about nuclear tests in Balochistan, irrationally.

The analysts said, if Akhtar Mengal Should had resigned right after nuclear tests as protest, so he could be a hero among the Baloch but did not do alike and was sticking with chair of power. Akhtar Mengal was lowered by controller of state but he not give-in pursuance of seats in same powerless assemblies.

This time another Baloch nationalist party for the half tenure of assemblies imitating to BNP has been brought in power. Dr Malik Baloch has given Chief Minister Posit in province of Balochistan. He disparately gives statements, sometimes he says his government is powerful and has all authorities but contrary to his stand-off also says that he and his office are helpless.

At assembly floor, Dr Malik Baloch said that federal companies set political fire in Balochistan and these are not paying due share in province minerals and gas production; these companies’ offices are also not shifted in province where minerals and gas are being extracted.

Now Dr Malik Baloch says he has not been taken into confidence on Pak-China economic corridor. This project is a massive economic uplifting effort and related with Gwadar and Balochistan. As similar Akhtar Mengal, the present Chief Minister is expostulating for being bypassed. At this moment, he should resign in protesting and prove this that assemblies are not medium to secure the rights of Balochistan and Baloch people. Otherwise, Dr Malik will also dissipate a chance of being hero similar to the former Chief Minister Akhtar Mengal.

Here it does not seem that Dr Malik Baloch will take a bold step against change in route of economic corridor but will subsist only on statements to pretend masses. Otherwise, intense protest may not annoy establishment and Dr Malik’s interests gaining way is blocked. The nationalists know better know these assemblies are powerless and power is vested in someone else. These politicians in cover of nationalisms, religion and tribalism will continue longing for same assemblies’ seats for gain of individual interests.

Explaining the Syrian civil war

Review by Ashley Smith

In 2011, the Arab revolutions seemed poised to topple dictatorial regimes, challenge the inequalities of 10e063fc-a200-4ce9-bf17-018c03ac29a9-620x372neoliberal capitalism, and begin the process of building a whole new order in the Middle East and North Africa. The region’s rulers, backed by local allies and imperial sponsors, responded with counterrevolution. To maintain their power, they manipulated their countries’ religious and ethnic divisions and drowned the uprisings in blood.

This counterrevolution transformed the dream of the Arab Spring into a nightmare, especially in Iraq and Syria. Out of the cauldron of sectarianism rose the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which has conquered large sections of both countries, triggering the United States to launch yet another war to stabilize the region’s existing order.

In his new book Inside Syria, veteran left-wing journalist Reese Erlich examines the history of Syria from its origins in the imperialist division of the Ottoman Empire to the rise of the Assad family dictatorship and the Syrian revolution and counterrevolution today. For those who want to understand the roots of today’s civil war in Syria and Iraq and why Obama’s war will only make a bad situation worse, Erlich’s book is a must-read.

Erlich lays the blame for the Middle East’s crisis at the feet of British, French, and American imperialism. Britain and France fought World War I in part to divide up the Ottoman Empire, which had sided with Germany, and establish their own colonies.

“The British and to some extent the French,” writes Erlich,

hoped to use the war as a means to divvy up the Ottoman Empire as well as seize control of German colonies. Not surprisingly, the British Empire and French colonial empire were happy to use Arab nationalism to help defeat their enemy. While paying lip service to Arab independence, however, both powers planned to extend their colonial empire at the expense of the local population.

Britain wanted to control the Suez Canal as the gateway to India, the jewel in its crown. France aimed to protect its investments in the region and trade between the region and Europe, and both powers laid claim to the newly discovered oil supplies there.

The two powers struck a secret deal during the war, the infamous Sykes–Picot Treaty, that Erlich documents “would give Britain control of oil-rich Iraq, along with Palestine and Jordan. The French would get Lebanon and Syria and a strip of southern Turkey called Hatay Province. Neither power cared about how their division would impact the local population.”

Each power pitted leaders, tribes, and sects one against the other. They implanted their own handpicked leaders of each country. Importantly, they denied a state to the Kurdish population, who would become the world’s largest nation without a homeland. Britain further outraged Arab self-determination by backing the Zionists’ colonization of Palestine in the Balfour Declaration.

Britain and France thus set in motion all the conflicts that plague the region today. After World War II, the United States supplanted these two as the new imperial overlord. It was determined to control the region and its oil reserves in order to dominate the world. It has pursued this aim by backing various Arab autocracies and Israel as client regimes.

Erlich tracks the history of Arab resistance to imperialism. In particular he traces the rise of the Syrian nationalist movement that eventually drove France out of the country in 1946. He argues that “Syrian and Lebanese independence was a stinging defeat for France. It spelled the end of the French empire, presaging later French defeats in Vietnam, Tunisia, and Algeria.”

In his examination of the development of the Baathist regime in Syria through its brief years of unity with Nasser’s Egypt in the United Arab Republic to the emergence of the Assad dictatorship after Hafez al-Assad’s coup in 1970, Erlich puts to rest many myths promulgated by Assad’s propagandists in the apologist left. The Assad regime, he argues, was never socialist, but a state-capitalist dictatorship. It used the rhetoric of Arab socialism, provided welfare services and nationalized industry, but “workers had few rights and certainly no control of the factories. Syria remained a capitalist country under military domination.”

The Assad regime was also not a principled or consistent ally of the Palestinian liberation struggle. Hafez al-Assad maintained peace with Israel on the Golan Heights, a region captured by Israel from Syria during the 1967 Six-Day War; supported the Palestinian surrender at Oslo in 1993; and denied citizenship to approximately 500,000 refugees within Syria’s borders. At best Assad sought to control the Palestinian movement; at worst he was willing to sell it out for the advancement of his family dictatorship.

In addition, Erlich shows that far from the Assad regime opposing imperialism as some claim it to have done, it has been more than happy to collaborate with the great powers, first the Soviet Union, and after that empire’s collapse, even the United States. For example, Hafez al-Assad supported Bush Sr.’s Gulf War in order to get rid of Saddam Hussein, one of Syria’s regional competitors. Assad also allowed Syria to be used as a site in the CIA’s “extraordinary rendition” program, which involved the abduction and transfer of people to various countries for imprisonment, interrogation, and torture.

Finally, despite proclamations of secularism, the Assad regime is based in Syria’s Alawite minority, which is an offshoot of Shia Islam. It restricted the leadership of the state to this minority, denied Kurds citizenship, and kept Sunnis out of positions of power. The regime’s sectarianism and its suppression of the secular left facilitated the growth of Sunni Islamists as its main opposition.

Bashar al-Assad, who succeeded his father in 2000, stoked the fires of revolt against the regime. He imposed a neoliberal program that transformed its state-capitalist economy into crony capitalism. According to Erlich, Assad

sold off some state enterprises. He allowed businessmen to start up corporations such as cell phone companies that would have been state-owned in the past. Assad cleverly raised the hope of western powers that their businesspeople might benefit from the privatization. But it soon became clear that the privatization mainly benefitted Assad family cronies.

Syria’s workers and peasants paid the price for this restructuring. Unemployment skyrocketed to 20 percent and poverty to over 44 percent. Conditions were ripe for revolt against dictatorship and capitalist inequality, as they were throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Inspired by the victorious struggles in Tunisia and Egypt, the Syrian people rose up against Assad. As Erlich notes, “The demonstrations were nonviolent and secular. In the northwestern city of Banyas, protesters tried to attract the generally pro-Assad Alawite religious minority by chanting, ‘Peaceful, peaceful—neither Sunni nor Alawite, we want national unity.’”

Assad responded with superficial reforms. He suspended the 50-year state of emergency and legalized the status of 300,000 Kurds, but the surging movement was not to be bought off. Instead it established local coordinating committees to organize the struggle and begin the process of taking over areas liberated by the movement from regime control.

Frightened of losing control of the country, Assad turned to repression. He ordered his troops to fire on peaceful demonstrations, forcing demonstrators to turn to armed struggle to defend themselves. Erlich argues, “As armed struggle quickly replaced mass demonstrations, political leadership of the uprising also changed. Political Islam came to the fore. The uprising was becoming a civil war.” Assad did his best to cultivate these Islamist sectarian forces in the civil war by releasing scores of Sunni fundamentalists from his jails. As he knew they would, these counterrevolutionaries attacked not only the regime but also the country’s Alawite and Christian minorities. Assad postured as defender of these populations against the Sunni reactionaries.

The sectarianism the United States had unleashed in Iraq and the region then fed into the developing civil war. Sunni states like Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar sponsored various Islamists like the Islamic Front. The devout bourgeoisie and clerics also funded forces like al Qaeda’s al-Nusra Front and the emerging new player ISIS, which had been the al Qaeda formation in Iraq.

Amidst the civil war, Assad has been able to retain power over a section of the country. The crony capitalist ruling class is loyal to him. His predominantly Alawite military and the national defense forces continue to obey the regime. And he maintains a social base in the Alawite and Christian populations.

But without support from Iran, Lebanon’s Hezbollah, and Russia, Assad would have very likely fallen. Iran quickly rallied to support Assad for sectarian and geopolitical reasons. Iran’s leaders aimed to defend their bloc of regional allies that included Syria, Iraq, and Hezbollah against their Sunni rivals Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Turkey. Iran along with Hezbollah has poured money, troops, and materiel into Syria to join Assad’s sectarian counterrevolution.

Russia, which has cultivated a relationship with the Assad family dictatorship since the Cold War, wanted to protect its sole military base in the region as well its significant investments and trade relations with Syria. It also feared that Washington was trying to restore its diminished dominance in the region by manipulating the Arab Spring to replace rulers friendly to Russia with American client regimes. It has therefore blocked American resolutions at the UN and funneled aid and weapons to Assad.

Assad’s regional Sunni opponents, like Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Turkey, have supported their own Islamist proxies in Syria’s civil war. The US initially backed its own handpicked forces in the Syrian National Congress and the Free Syrian Army with the hope of securing a future client regime in the country.

But as Sunni fundamentalist forces, especially ISIS, seized much of the country, the United States restricted its support for rebels for fear of any weapons falling into the hands of the Islamists. It even agreed to the deal brokered by Russia for Assad to eliminate his chemical weapon stockpiles to avoid an air war they feared would result in the kind of chaotic disorder that resulted from US air support for the revolt in Libya against dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

The lone bright spot in this horrific situation has been the rise of the Kurdish resistance, which has liberated its oil-rich section of northern Syria. Erlich provides an informative overview of the history of Kurds in the region since the fall of the Ottomans. Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Assad’s Syria have all oppressed the Kurds, denying them citizenship rights and locking them in terrible poverty.

The Kurds initially did not rally to the Syrian revolution because they did not recognize Syria’s national rights. Their representatives walked out of the Syrian National Congress to protest its definition of the country as an Arab republic. Led by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), the sister group of Turkey’s Kurdish Workers Party (PKK), they established their own autonomous area called Rojava. In contrast to some romanticized portrayals, Erlich offers a critical history of the PKK and PYD, and their rule in Rojava. He shows how the PKK actually collaborated with the Assad regime for a time, using Syria as a base from which to launch its guerilla war in Turkey. Assad eventually sold the PKK out, driving it from the country and thereby enabling the United States and Turkey to eventually capture and imprison its leader, Abdullah Öcalan.

Afterward, as Erlich writes, “The PKK sought accommodation with the Turkish government and moved to the Right politically . . . calling for Kurdish autonomy, not independence.” Since the PKK and PYD are built around a cult of personality, Öcalan’s orders are followed to the letter. “The PYD,” Erlich adds, has developed a reputation for sectarianism, putting its own interests ahead of the broader Kurdish movement. The Kurdish National Council, the umbrella Kurdish opposition group, “has accused the PYD of attacking Kurdish demonstrators [and] kidnapping members of other Kurdish opposition parties,” according to a report by the Carnegie Middle East Center. The PYD has also been accused of assassinating leaders of other Kurdish parties.

Nevertheless, Erlich writes, “the PYD and its armed militias presented a disciplined, secular force in a region beset with religious extremism and chaos. The Party gained popular support in Northern Syria as the best among bad alternatives.”

Inside Syria is essential reading to understand the counterrevolutionary forces that transformed Syria’s revolution into a sectarian civil war. Erlich is clear that imperialism and all of the existing states are part of the problem and that none can offer any viable solution to the crisis. For that reason, he declares, “I oppose all outside interference in Syria, whether from the United States, Russia, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, or any other country.”

But his own proposal for a diplomatic solution hashed out among the international and regional powers including Syria is unconvincing. Any such solution in Syria will leave in place the neoliberal capitalist order, its ruling class, and their autocratic states, which caused the revolt in the first place.

As Adam Hanieh’s Lineages of Revolt and Gilbert Achcar’s The People Want prove, the root cause of the crisis in the Middle East is capitalism, all the states in the region, and their imperialist backers. Therefore hope lies not in some diplomatic stitch-up of the existing order, but in renewed revolutionary struggle from below led by new parties that fight against religious, ethnic, and national oppression to unite the region’s laboring masses in a fight for socialism.

We have fed you all for a thousand years.

We have fed you all, for a thousand years
And you hail us still unfed,
Though there’s never a dollar of all your wealth
But marks the worker’s dead.
We have yielded our best to give you rest
And you lie on crimson wool.
Then if blood be the price of all your wealth,
Good God!  We have paid it in full.

There is never a mine blown skyward now
But we’re buried alive for you.
There’s never a wreak drifts shoreward now
But we are its ghastly crew.
Go reckon our dead by the forges red
And the factories where we spin
If blood be the price of your cursed wealth
Good God! We have paid it in.

We have fed you all for a thousand years
For that was our doom, you know,
From the days when you chained us in your fields
To the strike of a week ago
You have taken our lives, and our babies and wolves,
And we’re told its your legal share;
But if blood be the price of your lawful wealth
Good God! We have bought it fair.

HRCP slams order to cancel Balochistan talk at LUMS

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) has expressed grave alarm and dismay over thehrcp-lohgo authorities ordering the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) to cancel a discussion on Balochistan. HRCP called it unfortunate that that had happened on a democratic government’s watch.

The Commission said in a statement issued on Friday: “It is extremely unfortunate and highly condemnable that the discussion on Balochistan scheduled for April 9, under the re-mapping justice series at LUMS, had to be cancelled on the orders of the government.

“Such orders might not have been unexpected under the many martial laws that Pakistan has suffered under, but it is a matter of grave concern that a private academic institution has been silenced in this manner when power is supposedly in the hands of a democratic government.

“The cancellation order raises many questions: why should our students not be able to discuss and listen to an exchange of views regarding the situation in Balochistan? Would the event have been allowed if it focused on another region of the country? Would it have been okay if Mama Qadeer, the rights activist from Balochitsan, was not among the speakers?

“Such clearly counterproductive decision-making forces one to wonder about the quality of advice followed by the decision-makers. One would have thought that any opportunity for our students to better understand the complications and the struggle for justice in Balochistan would be something that all quarters would welcome. That certainly has not been the case.Surely, allowing such an exchange in an academic setting must be infinitely more desirable than the violent alternative that has been playing out in parts of Balochistan.

“HRCP is of the considered opinion that such an exchange should be encouraged in academic environment that is expected to inculcate among young minds freedom of thought, speech and critical thinking. The inescapable conclusion is that those preventing the event from going ahead do not want young Pakistanis to have these attributes.

“HRCP understands and shares the outrage of the faculty and students and strongly protests over this decision. We demand that the reasons for cancelling the event must be made public forthwith. It must also be explained who in Pakistan decides which point of view should or should not be heard by the people. The most appropriate thing for the authorities to do in the circumstances would be to apologise for this uncalled for decision and assure LUMS that the government would not only welcome the holding of this event but would also facilitate it.”

Zohra Yusuf

Chairperson

Education means to civilize human not form business minds: Zia-ur-Rehman, an educationalist

Interviewed by Farooq Baloch

(Blv stands Bolan Voice and ZuR for Zia-ur-Rehman)

Blv: What is the aim of establishing this school (Iqra Noor-ul-Ilim)?

ZuR: When we were student, so here in our area Sariab was no qualitative institute to make sound learners’11218519_936392429744810_4600288303058657928_n educational foundation. This stirred me to fill this vacuum and I opened the Iqra Noor-ur-Ilim Model School, which is an English medium to cement the student base that we couldn’t attain at our age. Here in surroundings, several schools exists but good maintenance of discipline, a fine atmosphere of learning turned-up ours institute prominent; resultantly, students’ strength is going higher.

Blv: What quality distinguishes this school from others?

ZuR: Well, in previous question I mentioned that here already some standard schools were educating, but we with ambition opened this, which has excellent discipline and veteran teachers. Our toil has advent some maiden methods in schooling in Sariab area which distinguishes this institute amongst the others. The outcome is also witnessed that student of this school obtained scholarship in Islamabad.

Blv: Today education became a kind of business where humanity is totally disappeared, how are you maintaining this problem?

ZuR: Of course! Here schools’ fee is too high but we charge the lowest to sustain only. Our main objective is to sensitize our people about education and bring a revolutionary change in our society through education, though this blueprint is long-term but we are firm. We are striving to get accustomed the people of studying newspapers and other informative things but deter them to indulge in unhealthy activities. Noticeably, the underprivileged and indigent students are exempted from fee at our school.

Blv: Today, children are unnaturally taught with purpose to accumulate wealth, but education’s main essence is to civilize the human and make luminous the minds. Are you people following this philosophy?

ZuR: Yes, sure, during the educational process to children meantime our chief principle is to clear the concept and definition of ‘education’ to them. You are absolutely right that education means to civilize human. So, we are not only teaching them to earn money for sustenance but also our main purpose is discipline, thrive of human characteristics and evolve of human civilization. These all qualities are the main part of our foundation. We have focused on them and not only teaching students to get educated and acquire the subjects; English, Mathematics and others but conveying them in a good manner that education means to apply the learnt materials in daily routine life pragmatically, innovate and bring courtesy with the best etiquettes in social life.

Q N 5: Presently, environment and system is totally contaminated, so how your school practices honestly?

ZuR: Our total organization staff is disposing honestly to provide a brilliant future to school students. We witness in surroundings the teaching staff due to low disbursement and inexperienced in profession are despoiling valuable time of student but we consider this and our splendid performance is solid evident about this. Schooling stands for building the generations, and we by our deeds can prove sincerity with our profession.

Q No 6: We have observed that small kids are given lengthy course and heavy books, so in this regard what resolve you educationalists have?

ZuR: You are right that here toddler have been given lengthy course and heavy books. As you, I also reject this mechanism. Kids must be given such light and fascinating books which generate enthuse in them to read. For minors we have complied very concise set of books which they eagerly read and it is our motto to bring convenience in educational system.

Q N 7: Schools is a reformer in society, here the institutes are disposing their responsibilities properly; If not then what proposal do you have?

ZuR: No doubt, some institutes are doing excellent which have also produced very good professionals in various fields, like doctor, engineer and so on. On the other hand, many schools merely minting money and spoiling future of children. The state is liable to supervise entire schooling system and penalty to defected school for this heinous crime, and the perpetrators who are distrusting to commoners in education sector are to be curbed. As my suggestion, a monitoring body is to be built by state to restrict defective organization of education sector.

Q N 8:  How you people read psyche of the children and how mold them in that department or subject then become a constructive human in future?

ZuR: We read the mentality of students. A good teacher has aptitude not to deal all the students in single manner. The students have unalike psyche, environment at home, society and so on, hence they must be dealt in relevant way. The teacher for manipulating the student ought to adopt a great spectrum of teaching approaches, purposely scrupulous educating. For instance, the patients of sugar, blood pressure or psychiatry cannot be dealt in single manner by doctor. Similarly, the students with various psyches cannot be dealt in single manner.

For reading the psyche, we have especial training for our teachers. And in beginning of year, we do not teach syllabus to our student but in various ways gauge their mentalities and Intelligent Quotient, and then divide in groups to smoothly make them learn.

Blv: Do you have any sketch about ameliorate to educational system, in the country particularly in province of Balochistan?

ZuR: The countries which are dominating of world because of advancement in fields of economic, science and technology and likewise so they got educated and behind their development the mystery is only education. But our country has very low rate in education. Astonishingly, here in Pakistan, the people who can write its name is counted educated, in fact it is not definition of education at all.

The state and all society members must know their responsibilities and provide basic right of child to educate that. The appointment in education department must be made on merit basis; recommendation, favoritism and corruption must be discarded from this department, then some positive outcome could be expected, otherwise condition will remain unchanged.

Q N 10: Present government is over-acting about education; do you see sincerity or positive effect in education department?

ZuR: Present government is just chanting hollow slogans and distributing pamphlets to show-off. On ground no change can be seen. Recently, matriculation exams held, where cheating was common and you media people know better than us, because several report appeared in mainstream media about this despicable practice.

The government lavishly spent pauper masses earnings in regard of advertisement in favored newspapers and electronic media “Naqal k khelaf Jang”, means campaign against cheating. Irrationally, government is doing so, because it has not delivered to students. First, they create an atmosphere of learning, and then they do conduct stern examination process and must not let for cheating.

Q N 11: Cheating in exam became integral part of this society, is there any formula to discard it form here’s education?

ZuR: It is out of reason that things cannot be corrected. In this universe all things can be changed in favor of human by sincere efforts and diligence. Here educational system also can get corrected by honesty and realism. Touching to moon was a dream of human but tireless efforts make true this and human stepped on this satellite of earth. Sure, here educational system has gone deep in worse but it can be rectified.

Government spends billions of the rupees in education sector but lack of check and balance all goes in vain. As I mentioned before, a condition for betterment in this sector that, must be an equal system for all. In entire province all students are given equal and similar opportunities then positive outcome is certain. Teaching staff is to be equipped with modern tools and they are to be trained with innovative mechanism of teaching. We are lagging to developed world and should adopt their techniques of teaching so here constructive changings will take place.

‘We Are Suffering Genocide at the Hands of Pakistan’: An Interview with Allah Nazar

By Karlos Zurutuza

On Friday, Pakistani sources reported that 20 construction workers were gunned down by the Balochdr-allah-nazar Liberation Front (BLF) in Baluchistan, Pakistan’s southernmost province. Attackers reportedly overpowered the security guards at a labor camp near the construction site for a dam, entered the sleeping quarters, and shot the victims at point-blank range.

All of the targeted workers were reportedly from provinces other than Baluchistan, with 16 hailing from Punjab and four from Sindh. The eight security guards are all from Baluchistan, and were unharmed. A BLF spokesman reportedly said the target was the Pakistani army and workers at government construction projects.

However, BLF Chief Commander Allah Nazar on Tuesday labeled the version submitted by the Pakistan media as “complete and utter propaganda aimed against the Baloch freedom movement.” Nazar insists that their targets had been workers of the Frontier Works Organization (FWO), a body linked to the Pakistani Army.

“If [the construction workers] were just ordinary civilians, why would they be protected by the Frontier Corps [a paramilitary group], and other armed units?” he asked during an interview with VICE News this week.

The Baloch inhabit a troubled area, which crosses the borders of Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. It is a vast swathe of land the size of France, which boasts enormous deposits of gas, gold, and copper, untapped sources of oil and uranium, as well as a highly strategic coastline that spreads over 600 miles near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz.

In August 1947, the Baloch declared independence, but nine months later the Pakistani army marched into Balochistan and annexed it, sparking an insurgency that has lasted, intermittently, until today.

There are between six and seven Baloch insurgent groups conducting guerrilla warfare in southern Pakistan today. All are markedly secular, and share a common agenda for an independent Balochistan.

“The war began in 1948, but Pakistan has increased its intensity in the last 14 years through brutal methods, such as the ‘kill and dump’,” explained Nazar, a former physician who is today one of the most visible faces of the Baloch liberation movement as a whole.

During a hearing at the UN’s Human Rights Council in March, T. Kumar, the international advocacy director at Amnesty International USA, accused the government of Pakistan of sponsoring a “systematic policy of enforced disappearances, torture, and executions on Baloch people.” Kumar also denounced the silence of the international community over the issue.

In August 2014, the International Commission of Jurists, Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch called on the Pakistan’s government “to stop the deplorable practice of state agencies abducting hundreds of people throughout the country without providing information about their fate or whereabouts.”

The exact number of the disappeared is still unknown, as it is impossible to conduct a study in the area. However, The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons, a group that advocates for peaceful protest founded by some of the families of the disappeared, puts the number of people from Balochistan since 2000 at around 20,000.

Nazar speaks of the disappeared, but he points to thousands of internally displaced by “either Pakistani army operations military or deportation policies.”

“Only during the month of April, the army has burned more than 200 houses in Mashkay {Nazar’s native region], and killed 25 innocent Baloch,” he claims.

On Monday, Pakistani media reported that the army had killed 13 members of BLF who were allegedly involved in Friday´s attack, with reports claiming that a prominent Baloch commander was among the victims. But Nazar shared a different version with VICE News.

“There were five corpses,” he said. “The man that Pakistani authorities identified as ‘Commander Hayat Baloch’ was only a poor guy who was disabled after he got a bullet in his backbone two years ago.

“The other four were the bodies of people who had been missing for one year after being ‘disappeared’ by Pakistani agencies,” he claimed, labeling the information handed by the Pakistani media as “ridiculous.”

A controversial project

Friday’s 20 victims were working on the highway road to Gwadar, a coastal location in the remote southwest. It’s a particularly sensitive area due to a controversial Chinese-Pakistani project that would give Beijing control over the highly strategic deep-water port of Gwadar. The Pakistani government has already announced plans to inaugurate the piece of infrastructure by the end of this month.

The Baloch have openly expressed deep concern for what they fear could turn the region into another Karachi. Today Pakistan’s main port, in the neighboring Sindh region, Karachi grew from its 200,000 inhabitants in 1947 to the almost 25 million in the metro region today. The Baloch claim that such an infrastructure could break the fragile demographic balance of their region and turn them into a minority in their own country.

“The future may look bleak, but the Gwadar project has already brought a lot of disgrace to our people,” Nazar said. “Without going any further, over 40,000 people living in the villages alongside the highway have been forced to leave.”

Nazar calls on “all those multinationals trying to settle and steal the resources of Balochistan on behalf of colonial empires” to cease their activities, and repeats that the Baloch Liberation Movement will continue defending their land from “aggression of any kind.” Apparently, there’s a wide range of the latter.

“The army and the Pakistani intelligence services are to blame for the growth of radical Islam in Baluchistan. On the one hand, it´s a way to divert attention from our national claims and our legitimate struggle; on the other hand, they´re using these radicals to fight against and destroy our movement,” Nazar said.

The commander adds that Pakistani security forces are sponsoring up to six training camps in Balochistan where Islamic State (IS) recruits are allegedly being trained.

“Their presence in our streets is so overwhelming that they even delver pamphlets calling for recruitment,” he said.

Peter Chalk, a political analyst at the RAND Corporation, confirmed to VICE News the existence of Islamist groups deployed in Balochistan as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Tehrik-e-Taliban.

Nazar says that he doesn’t want to finish our interview without sending an SOS message to the rest of the world.

“We want the civilized world to know that we are suffering genocide at the hands of Pakistan,” he said. “We want international organizations to understand this and act accordingly.”

Courtesy to news.vice.com

The Secret

By Dil Jan Qadir, Turbat

‘Secret’ is a piece of information which is kept undisclosed to the people for a particular period, but on aSecret conducive time is to divulge. Certainly, the secret has a great significance about an opting true path in human life. And secret enables the applying of the experiences and changes in life, onward.

The secret reveals the law of attraction which is the powerful and predominant in human life. Wherever in this world, people have secrets; resultantly, they cannot deny its value and importance. The positive use of secret confers pleasure to human. It ever paved course to tremendous notions. It generates curiosity to know about the life and existence. In real, the human ever continues quest to explore the secrets in this universe.

Everyone knows that secret is a source of philosophical thoughts, which seek ways for upcoming and improved life. The positive substances in secret also impact on brilliance of a person optimistically. The mankind utmost requires good thoughts and great ideas which only can be gained by knowing the secret of life.

Nevertheless, people can convert its feeling into sketches abruptly, whether these are memories or future exaptation or humor; these all require a specific time and place to be expressed or exhibit, hence prior to that these remain as secret. On a suitable time and occasion, informing about secret magically pleasures to a person. By knowing secret a person can mold life in suit shape which can take it to a prosperous status-quo.

The law of attraction is undeniable fact in lives. However, the moment is much precious when the idea was developed that how to share the knowledge with entire world. Simultaneously, something keeps exclude in shared information which becomes the goal of an individual’s life. This concealed information is secret of life for a person.

By now, it has known that keeping something secret is a tough job. And every individual has secrets in its life. The secret is found in various types; harmless, jovial, senses; to harm someone or use it for self-control.

The secret propels a person for contrive; Of course, keeping secret makes a person trustworthy and mysterious which have thrilling advantages in routine life, because mentioned characteristics cause prominence and well-repute to a person.

SATURN

Saturn, the most distant planet known to ancient astronomers, is in fact the second largest in the Solar New-saturn-planet-computer-hd-wallpapers-free-downloadSystem and the easiest one to recognize through a telescope because of the broad, bright rings that encircle it equator. Like Jupiter, it has a cloudy atmosphere that overlies an interior of liquid hydrogen and helium. Saturn has 30 moons, more than any other planet.

OBSERVATION

To the naked eye, Saturn looks like a bright, yellowish star. Binoculars just reveal a small disk, with a hint of elongation caused by its rings. With a small telescope, the rings, which are over twice as wide as the planer itself, can be seen clearly. Of the five planets visible to the naked eye, Saturn is the e slowest moving, its oppositions (see p.15) occurring a year and two weeks apart. When Saturn is viewed at a magnification of 100 times at opposition, its globe looks the same size as the full Moon seen with the naked eye. Saturn’s disk is crossed by cloud belts, but these are not as prominent as those of Jupiter, nor is there an equivalent of the Great Red Spot. However, white spots appear in the equatorial zone about every 30 years, during summer in the planet’s Northern Hemisphere.

VIEWING SATURN’S RINGS

As Saturn orbits the Sun, we see its rings from various angles because of the combined effect of Saturn’s axial tilt and the inclination of its orbit to our own. At most, the rings are tipped toward us at about 27 degrees.

Twice in each orbit of Saturn around the Sun the rings appear to us edge-on, when they disappear from view because they are so thin.

STRUCTURE AND ATMOSPHERE

Saturn’s cloudy atmosphere is similar to that of Jupiter, only colder and with an overlying haze, which gives Saturn it butterscotch color and smoother look. Beneath the clouds is an interior of liquid hydrogen and helium, plus a rock core. Saturn’s average density is only about 70 percent that of water, the lowest of any planet. This low density, combined with its rapid rotation, gives it a highly elliptical shape, its equatorial diameter being nearly 7,500 miles (12,000 km) greater than its polar diameter.

RINGS AND MOONS

Saturn’s rings consist of an orbiting swarm of icy chunks, each no more than several feet across. The orbits of the innermost moons lie among the rings. Pan orbits in a gap called the Encke Division in there outer part of Saturn’s A ring. The next moon, Atlas, orbits at the edge of ring A, while Prometheus and Pandora orbit either side of ring F. Some moons actually share the same orbits.

INNER RINGS

The outermost part of Saturn’s rings system visible from the Earth is ring A, which is nearly 170,000 miles (275,000) across. This is separated from the brightest and widest part, ring B, by the Cassini Division, a  gap of 2,800 miles (4,500 km), visible with a 3 in (75 mm) telescope. Next is the partly transparent ring C (or crepe ring). Fainter rings, called D and F, lie inside and outside the visible rings. Two other very faint rings, known as G and E, lie beyond ring F but are not shown here.

MOONS

Saturn has 30 known moons. The largest is Titan, 3,200 miles (5,150 km)in diameter. It is the second largest moon in the Solar System (after Jupiter’s Ganymede) and the only one with a substantial atmosphere. At magnitude 8, it can be seen with a small telescope as tit orbits the plate every 16 days. An aperture of 6 in (150 mm) should show several others moons-notably Rhea, Tethys, Dion, Lappets, Enceladus, and perhaps Mimas. Iapetus is unusual in being over four times fainter when on one side of Saturn than on the other, because it has one bright and one dark hemisphere.

The cohesive bases of the Baloch Nationalism

The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.

 Resistance in Western Balochistan:

In 1896, the assassination of the Qajar king Nasir-al-Din Shah prompted the Baloch chiefs to take the balochistan-mapopportunity for re-establishing their rule in western Balochistan. In 1897, the Baloch rose again in Sarhadd, Saravan and Bampur under the leadership of the chief of the Narui tribe, Sardar Huossein Khan. In 1897, Hossein Khan attacked Pahra (Iran shahr) and led a general rebellion against Persian rule in the Sarhadd, Saravan, and Bampur, demanding a reduction of taxes, from one third to one tenth, and autonomy. The revolt spread to Sarbaz, Dezzak, Lashar, and Bamposht. Hossein Khan occupied Bampur, Pahra, and Bazman and other places, which had small Persian garrisons, and controlled most of the northern part of Balochistan. Several Baloch groups, which had hitherto remained neutral in troubles between ruling families and the Gajars (as the Baloch called Persians), joined him.

In 1897, the Baloch defeated a large Persian force that was sent from Kerman to restore order. The uprising lasted for nearly two years but eventually Hossein Khan was defeated in 1898. However, according to Pikulin, a Soviet scholar who studied Western Balochistan, the revolt continued and spread and was only crushed when Hossein Khan was bought off by being made ruler of a Boluk (district), with the right to collect taxes. The widespread revolt in Western Balochistan, according to Pikulin was due to heavy taxation and the “tyranny and oppression” of the Qajar governors as the cause of rebellion.

The Baloch kept up their struggle during the reign of the Qajar dynasty, which ended ignominiously in 1921, in the process the Baloch lost effective control of most of their land. In spite of all this bloodshed and atrocities against the Baloch, the wishful designs of the Persian Government to annihilate them did not materialize. The Baloch with their usual tenacity and resolute determination maintained their political influence and semi-independent position, in spite of these military moves, Hosseinbor, the Baloch nationalist writer, wrote, “the Qajar rule in the country was more nominal than real and was directly limited to Bampur, then the capital of Balochistan. The rest of the country remained independent or semi-independent to be disturbed only by periodical military expedition sent for levy taxes.”

 Even though, the revolt of 1896-1898 was crushed, it weekend and effectively minimized the rule of Qajar in Balochistan. Hossein Khan, the leader of the revolt, as mentioned above was defeated in 1898, and died in the same year. But his son Syed Khan succeeded to retain the control of the forts of Geh, Bent, Kaserkand and the ports. At the same time he was recognized by the Persians as the ruler of Geh, with the right to collect taxes. Meanwhile, he decided to expand, and took Sarbaz. Next, he joined with Mir Bahram Khan Baranzai, who ruled Dezzak. However, as the Iranian constitutional of 1906 weakened the central government, the Baloch began to expand their raiding activates.

Having consolidated his power in Dezzak andSarbaz, Mir Bahram Khan turned his attention in 1907, against the Persian. In the same year he recaptured the plains of Pahrah and Bampur. By 1910, he controlled as for as the seaports of Gwatr and Chabahar. Being defeated and lost the fort of Bampure, the Persian used a new tact. They bought off Sardar Syed Khan, by giving him the governorship of Balochistan. Syed Khan was officially given the title of “Sardar-e-Nizam”, and the right and duty to collect taxes from the whole of Balochistan with in Persia. In return, Sayad Khan acknowledged the Persian claims over the region. Thus, Sayad Khan betrayed his ally Mir Bahram Khan, and sided with the Persian. But in spite of all, the Persian never succeeded. The real power in Iranian Balochistan remained with Mir Bahram Khan. In 1910, another Qajar force sent by Sardar Nosrat Isfanduyari, the commander of Kerman Garrison, attempted to regain control of Bampur, but Bahram Khan too defeated them.

However, after 1910, when the Baranzais established their authority in the area, the British influence beyond Makkoran became a source of constant worry in Iranian Baloc-histan. In his speech for allies Bahram Khan maintained close links with foreign government especially with the Germans. Being a devout Sunni-Muslim, he tried also to win the moral support of the Ottomans and Afghans. In the late 1914, Bahram Khan was a powerful position, possessing almost 10,000 rifles. In addition, he was believed to have purchased a considerable number of firearms in Muscat through a weapon smuggler, Mir Kamal Chahani. Armed with his weapons and his grievances, Bahram Khan launched an uprising against the British government. In 1915, he defeated troops under the command of British agent and occupied the whole Kech valley in Makkoran.

During this raid his lashkar number 5000 to 8000 men. Furthermore he was supported by tribal Sardars, Mohammad Shah ruler of Sib and Suran, Shah Sawar Damani from Sarhadd, Sardar Din Mohammad from Dashtiari, Shah Jehan of Magas, Jalal Khan of Hoshagwala, and many others. Moreover, the German activities during the First World War in the region also encouraged him. During the War, the Garman and Ottoman Turks attempted to enter into relations with him with the aim of supporting the Baloch against British.

Impressed by Sayad Jamal al-Din Afghani’s pan-Islamism and supported by Bahram Khan and Barkat Khan of Jask, Khalifa Khair Mohammad, on May 1915, proclaimed Jihad (holy war) against the British. Khalifa from Karawan was Naqshbani sufi. He used his spiritual authority to command the allegiance of his followers, some of whom like Bahram Khan and Barkat Khan were tribal chieftains. Furthermore, Khalifa’s  Fatva was supported by many mollas of Sarhadd and by the chief Qazi (judge) of Dashtiari, Qazi Sayad Ali. Many religious people or mureeds (followers) mostly from Karawan, Bint, Jask and Geyavan, accepted Khalifa’s invitation. Mir Yar Mohammad, the nephew of Barkat Khan of Jask, commanded mureeds. On the 3rd of May 1915, the mureeds attack the British garrison in the fort of Chabahar. After one day’s fighting the mureeds were repulsed with heavy losses. Meanwhile, they cut the telegraph line between Chabahar and Jask. However, the pro-British Sardars, Sardar Sayad Khan of Geh (Sardar-e-Nizam), Nawab Khan Bamari, and Islam Khan Mir Hajee of Bent, were opposed to Khalifa’s call for Jihad (holy war).

Meanwhile Khalifa and his moreeds (disciples) were busy propagating anti-British feelings throughout western Balochistan, Bahram Khan by attacking Kech and attacking in British forces, created a real threat against the British interest in the region. Supporting Bahram Khan’s action, Khalifa declared it as a Jihad against the infidels (the British). The British anxiety was unavoidable. On the 6th of October 1915. Ramsay, AGG in Balochistan to the government of India in the foreign and Political Department, Simla wrote:

And what will Muhammadan opinion say when it is known that the British are retreating before Muhammadans, who are well-known (as they will say) to have German support behind them? Why demonstration that Germans are speaking the truth when they say the British power it perceiving its death-blows in Europe?

Anti-British Baloch chiefs of Kech also supported Mir Bahram Khan. Mehrab Khan Nausherwani of Kuhak and Mehrab Khan Gechki were in close alliance with him. “The common talk is” said Mehrab Khan Gechki to the British authorities, “If Government does not protest us, why should we pay revenue? The power has been taken from our national leaders and, if we must pay, why should we not pay to the stronger party (Bahram Khan), who are Mohammmadans, and obtain their protection?” In western Balochistan, anti-British agitation continued. On 26th of October, Khalifa ordered his followers to cut the Sadeich telegraph line, the most important communication line between Makkoran and Karahi.

To stop Bahram Khan’s further advancement, the pro-British Sardars, Syed Khan Geh, Islam Khan Mir Hajee Mahmud Khan of Dashtiari, Mir Hoti khan of Lashar, Nawab Khan Bamari, Rustam Khan of Champ, Sahib Khan Dehwari and Lalla Khan Bozorgzada were given arms and ammunition to raid inside his territory. The British called these Sardars “Friendly Chiefs”. Not only was Bahram Khan’s advance toward Gwadar and Pasni forts stopped, but by the intrigue of these Sardars, he was compelled to leave Kech and return to Bampur. On December 1915, Bahram Khan made another attempt to capture the border villages, Goumazi, Mand and Tomp, but this time also, retreated with heavy losses, and his brother, Mir Ameen, was killed.  Subsequently, after the retreat of Bahram Khan, Bhalifa came under pressure and gradually his Jihad movement also eased.

To counter Russian, German, and Ottoman designs, the British had to dispatch a mission of their own, headed by Colonel Dew of the political department, to enter into a political arrangement for the peaceful settlement of dispute with Mir Bahram Khan. Dew offered a peace treaty, which was accepted by Mir Bahram Khan. The treaty, which was signed on May 7, 1916, provided for recognition of Baranzai authority in western Balochistan. In justifying Balochistan this agreement, Sir Percy Sykes stated that “in view of the fact that Persian Baluchistan had broken its connection with Persia for many years, and that Bahram Khan, an upstart adventurer had recently led a raid across the British border, Dew deserved much credit”.

Moreover, the agreement also served an additional purpose and that was to distract and neutralize Bahram Khan while the British launched a simultaneous pacification campaign against the tribes of Sardars, which formed, at least nominally, part of his domain. In 1916, the Gamshadzai, Yarahmadzai and Ismalizai tribes of Sarhadd put up the most effective resistance against the British occupation in Sarhadd. One of their leaders Sardar Khalil Khan Gamshadzai was killed in the fighting, while Sardar Jiand Khan was arrested. When the latter was being brought to Quetta a Baloch detachment waylaid the government continued for nearly two years. However, in March 1924 the control of the tribes of the Sarhadd district (which was occupied by General Dyer in 1915-16), was formally surrendered by the British to the Persian government. Meanwhile, the tribes of Sarhadd, the Rikis (Rigis) and the Damanis protested against this British action and demanded to remain as a part of Western Balochistan ruled by Bampur.

Mir Bahram Khan died in Bampur in 1921. Having no son, he was succeeded by his nephew, Mir Dost Mohammad Khan, who was born in the late 19th century in Bampur. Mir Dost Mohammad Khan declared himself “Shah-e-Balochistan. He had become the most powerful ruler in Persian Balochitan, by virtue of personal control over both Pahra-Bampur and Sarawan and by marriage alliances with the rulers of the major principalities of Makkoran. Mir Dost Mohammad Khan extended their frontiers of the confederacy and entered into military alliances with the Baloch tribes of Sarhadd and Sistan, and ruled independently until 1928.

Dost Mohammad Khan successfully pursued the vigorous policies of his predecessor in consolidating the entire Western Balochistan under his rule. In this respect, he launched a centralization campaign, which curbs the immense powers traditionally enjoyed by the hereditary Sardars of various principalities. As stated by the Baloch nationalist writer, Janmahmad, “Mir Dost Muhammad, the ruler of Bampur, did not recognize the boundaries drawn by the Anglo-Persian commission between Persia and Balochistan in 1905, and resisted Iranian hegemony in the country. He declared independence and established close relations with other Baloch rulers in eastern Balochistan, particularly Kalat”. He also tried to establish links with Sultan of Muscat, King Amanullah Khan of Afghanistan and the Soviet Union.

Mir Dost Mohammad Khan established a modern army with regular dail trainings and special uniform. A deserted officer of the Brithish Levies at Khwash, Jamal-Ud-DinSomailzia was appointed as the head of this army.

Simultaneously, a semi-police force called “Kotowal” responsible for the security and revenue collection was also established in all most all the provinces. Moreover, a heavily armed security guard, headed by Hayatan Khan Rind, was keeping guard on the fort of Pahrah, the headquarters of the Khan. His position was so strong that he no longer was merely appointing tribal leaders, but actually naming governors for the area under his control. He appointed one, Mirza Hashom, as his Wazir. It is interesting to note that, according to the India Office Records, to translate the English language newspapers and reports from India, the daughter of Ha Hindu trader from Simla, was recruited as his personal translator.

Title March 2015 edition

title March 2015 edition for blog

How polio persists, even giving the drops…?

By Basheer Ahmed Ijbani


ijbariIn the nexus of ‘Polio invincible in Pakistan’ Bolan Voice, January 2015, edition.
From the beginning of New Year 2015, the polio cases also initiated reporting in the country of Pakistan. In spite of campaigning about polio eradication, no diminution in cases has been observed. In the nexus, authorities of Health Department; on the provincial and national levels claim for eradication of Polio virus to a great extent but on ground these statements do not seem true. The vaccines used by the polio teams also do not seem effective because in Quetta a case is reported when that child was given drops approximately six times. And this case left reasons of skeptical about ineffectiveness of vaccines used by health authorities in polio eradication campaigns.

The United Nation through its commissions, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United National Children Fund (UNICEF) surveyed in Pakistan and in joint compiled report expressed concerns over the ‘weak vaccine management system’ and urged the government to adopt standard protocols to make the vaccination program effective and put brake on childhood ailments.

The report compiled by UN deportments invigorates the notions about ineffectiveness of vaccine and also anti-poliosupports those elements who oppose the polio drops to children and they have standpoint, this vaccine has side-effects or causing further spread of polio virus.

In Balochistan, semi-educated people and Baloch area dwellers constantly have been giving drops to their children, but they were criticized by religious elements for giving drops. The UN report, especially the detection of polio cases even after giving drops to children further may cause refusal of the dropping against polio to children or the refusing people number probable increase. The mentioned cases also invigorate the viewpoint that polio is invincible in Pakistan.

The lack of seriousness in government officials also demotivate about eradication of polio or getting country polio-free:

 The government officials are incapable to show the allocated budget regarding the polio campaigns; this act indicates mismanagement or slackened firm by them in dealing the mission. When concern official about polio were asked, how many times a child is to be given drops for immunization the polio disease, so they couldn’t provide information, but they have stance that they are struggling on their level best for the polio free country.

The lack information and interest are getting dismayed to people in combat with Polio and also dimming the sacrifices of lives by volunteers.

The polio cases reported in previous and current year details are as:

25 in 2014, and 3 in 2015, total 306 cases in Pakistan in year of 2014, and till date 54% of the polio cases are in Pakistan out of world.

In Balochistan, in 2015 are from Killa-AbdUllah 84% of the cases were under 2 years of age, 45% of the polio case had received any dose.

The governmental official informed about the output of spending a sizeable budget:

More than 90% of the population remains vaccinated, and apart from a few districts in Balochistan [Like High Risk Districts Quetta, Pishin, Killa AbdUllah, Zhob] rest remains free of Polio. There are occasional cases in non-high risk districts as Loralai, this year.

 Society is not cooperative so how state can be polio free:

Government official informed, at large communities are supportive of the program, however due to repeated rounds or some misconceptions individuals oppose the program. All of the polio teams are locals and community should accept them as their part as they are working to prevent the children in their areas from life time disability. It is our culture to welcome our guests and that is how the community should see the teams.

Polio vaccines are ineffective because cases emerging after drops administered:

Government official said, Polio vaccines are very effective, if you look at the history back in 1980’s more than 1000 children were paralyzed every day due to polio as a result of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, one of the largest public health efforts in history, the number of children paralyzed by this devastating disease every year has fallen from over 350000 in 1988 to as few as 359 in 2014, using the same oral polio vaccines.

There are only 3 countries in the world where polio remains endemic; Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. (No case has been reported from Nigeria this year and only one case has been reported from Afghanistan)

About ineffectiveness of polio vaccines the focal-person in Baloc-histan said:

The cases that appear even if they have received doses are due to the fact that children have not received complete number of doses. Last year 45% of cases in Balochistan had received no dose and rest had received less than 7 doses, which is not enough to build immunity. And immunity in children is different in different areas, depending on their nutrition status, hygiene and sanitation conditions and overall health. For children in Balochistan, they have to be immunized during every campaign until they are 5 years of age.How many polio workers have so far been killed in Balochistan?

Since 2012, there have been 6 confirmed killings of vaccinators. All of these vaccinators were locals of Balochistan, they were working for this noble cause receiving minimal wages as Rs. 250, 3 males and 3 women have lost their lives so far.

It was analyzed that polio in current situation is invincible in Pakistan and this logic is supported by realties exist in this country. Society is not cooperative in campaigns of eradication, religious elements oppose dropping and consider this infidels’ conspiracy, the vaccines is ineffective that after giving drops the virus persist in children, the United Nation’s subordinate organizations; the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nation Children Fund (UNCIEF) through its report declared Pakistani vaccines and staff performance very poor, in the remote areas of Balochistan and in other provinces volunteers have no access, corruption and incompetence are hampering in the way to get polio Free State.

In the perspective of above mentioned obstacles, it is believed that polio is invincible in the country of Pakistan but the religious elements get involved in campaigns or they get included in volunteer’s teams, then to some extent people will be consented to give drops to their children and probable the assaulting incidents on polio workers also reduce.

Recently, the WHO official in Pakistan Mr Michal stated in media that forced giving drops to children are not supported by them. He reasoned, this act has setbacks and people in this way will react.

The WHO official correctly assessed the psychology of here’s people, but on the other side they are going to impose travel sanctions on Pakistanis. And in Pakistani society, a section is not developed mentally that consider all positive offers by international world, especially the Europeans against their religion. Resultantly, they refuse to give drops for immunization against the Polio which leaves a large number of children without dose in country.  The International world should conceive the situation and review on decision of travel banning on this country’s citizens. But in prevailing situation getting the Pakistan polio-free is not seem viable.

The writer can be reached at email: basheerahmed30@yahoo.com twitter: @basheerijbani blog: http://www.basheerijbari.wordpress.com  Facebook: basheerijbani

UN concerned over weak vaccine management in Pakistan

By Ashfaq Yusufzai 

The United Nations has expressed concern over the ‘weak vaccine management system’ in the 54ed3be7d7354country and urged the government to adopt standard protocols to make the vaccination program effective and put brakes on childhood ailments.

A survey conducted jointly by World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF last year has identified the key strengths and weaknesses in nine different areas of vaccine management at each level of the vaccine supply chain. The two UN agencies have recommended steps to address the gaps.

The survey says that overall scores of assessment criteria for Pakistan at all levels of the supply chain show need for improvement in most areas of the vaccine and supply management system. The vaccination management in Pakistan meets only one of the principles laid down for effective vaccination system, it adds.

The required performance standard, according to the survey, is 80 per cent for all levels. The country has more than 80 percent required standard in vaccine and commodity arrival procedures in only the first standard while it needs more improvement in vaccine storage temperatures, cold and dry storage capacity, buildings, equipment and transport, maintenance, stock management, effective distribution, good vaccine management practices, information systems and supportive management functions, which are the other eight standards required for effective vaccine management.

Vaccine distribution, stock management and information management are notably weak with performance in each category less than 50 and required immediate improvement, the survey says. It has strongly recommended to the government to take measures for effective vaccination management (EVM) to safeguard children against nine childhood diseases, covered under the government-run Expanded Programme on Immunisation.

The survey was conducted in 151 vaccine sites, which included one national store, 28 sub-national stores, 61 lowest distribution levels and 61 service points with the help of 22 teams between 2013 and 2014.

Courtesy to Dawn

Balochistan Government endeavors to reconcile with TCC on RecoDick case out of ICSID

By Shehzad Baloch

Situations hint that Pakistan and Tethyan Copper Company (TCC) are getting closed to reconcile about the Resourcesdisputed project RecoDick out of the International Court for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), where it is under trial.

In 2013, the Supreme Court of Pakistan declared null and void the agreement was signed between Australian  Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP) and Chaghi Hills Exposition Joint Venture (CHEJVA) in the year of 1993. Subsequently, the BHP sold out the company shares to another anonymous company the TCC (Tethyan Copper Company), which had been operating mining works since 2008 at RecoDick, meanwhile the case was not sued against it at Supreme Court of Pakistan. But later on the case lodged and it was under trial at the Pakistani court, meantime the TCC took the matter to international forum the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), and blamed for violation of pact by Balochistan’s authorities. The ICSID did not acknowledge the ownership claim by the company. Aftermath the TCC claimed for company’s deficit relating the investment in the project and that aggregated amount is around the $400 million, this effort had taken it to triumph at the mentioned forum. Presently, the company TCC seems aspiring for patch-up but conditionally that earned profitable from the project is to be given this.

The reliable sources informed, the case is being handled by the Balochistan government and the federal government is urging on provincial authorities for reconcile with TCC out of the International Court. To responding the opposition in parliament, the Chief Minster Balochistan Dr Malik Baloch said that they would not allow for selling a single stone of the RecoDick.

Here question rises, what is RecoDick? It is a small town of District Chaghi where Pakistan conducted nuclear tests. The RecoDick project is under the contentions since its discovery by BHP. In 1993, the caretaker provincial government signed agreement with CHEJVA to explore the entire district Chaghi for minerals. It was the commencing point of administrative authorization by the province Balochistan which contradicted the Pakistan’s interests. The discussed agreement partnered the Company BHP in area’s discovered minerals with share of 75% for next 56 years, whilst the government share was set only 25%, apart the royalty that is only 2%.

After exploration, 14 venues were marked for obtaining possible mineral deposits, where 48 points could be pit and this whole area was named ‘RecoDick Complex’, in the period of 1993 to 1997. At that time, the BHP got license for the exploration of minerals. On the site, 5-EL in lesser depth pit, the gold and copper deposits were discovered. The Pakistan Muslim League’s leader and former lawyer Naeem Awan said, “This was the time, the International Mining Community knew the significance of the RecoDick, and they silently were pursuing their interests”. It was Naeem Awan’s petition, which notified the Supreme Court about the RecoDick. Mr Awan told that from initial point to till now, whatsoever has been done is explicitly robbery and nothing else. He further said, “The people who are ignoring this fact have occupied the key posts and these officials are responsible to protect the Pakistan’s interests.”

Through interviews with proficient and geological literature also informs that in district Chaghi ‘RecoDick’ is situated on ‘Tethyan Magmatic Arc’ belt which is stretched on thousands kilometers from Europe to Magnolia and this strip is known for preserving the rare minerals, globally. In Pakistan, the said strip is beneath the area of Chaghi to North Waziristan.

The American Geological Survey and other institutes of the subject estimated value $1 to 3 billion of this block’s minerals. Some of geologist declared this under estimation of the existing minerals by quantity and quality, because the said assessment is excluding metals which are relating to newly introduced faculties of Science, like Nanotechnology and Semi-conductor Physics. In mentioned conditions and situating near the Sandick, here in RecoDick the gold presence and it exploration is much optimistic. And in this perspective, how agreement was signed by the share of 75/25, even before this on 50/50 base pact was made with notorious Chinese company about Sandick Gold Project? Apart from this, the agreements were made during interim government of Moeen Qureshi and which were how extended till 2008 without any inquiry and reason? This should also be probed that in RecoDick project why did not scrutinized independently? All these questions imply that TCC is also concealing something.

The information given on TCC’s official website; the part of RecoDick 2.2 billion ton is able for mining and in that average 0.53% is copper while the gold quantity is 0.3 gram per ton. And it means, 10 million ton copper and 13 million ounces gold can be extracted from the project. Contrary to mentioned facts, in a report published in 2008 by the geologists of TCC, inform that in RecoDick 18 million ton copper and 32 million ounces gold exist in the area. Hence, the TCC on its website has shown 8 million ton copper and 9 million ton gold, reduced. Even that this under estimation, the RecoDick has position on 10th level in international ranking of mining.

The experts say that profound scrutinize can up the RecoDick on 5th position in the menu of international mining. Why happening so? Answer is; the NL Resources MinCor took over the shares of BHP, which is one among the largest mining companies in world, but this is TCC merely showed off and afterward the said company was obtained by Barak Gold is of jointly the Canadian and Israelis and It is believed this the main propelling source behind the TCC for bringing the Chilean company Antofagasta for the joint venture. The Barak Gold is the largest firm in the world in the sector of mining and this company with Antofagasta got controlled on 75% in RecoDick, and then the Supreme Court intervened in to the matter.

The recent assessments which are considered some accurate, entail that for 40 years the RecoDick’s revenue ought to be $240 to 260 billion which will add the Pakistan’s national GDP $150 billion but the TCC offered $54 billion for 30 years. In the agreement with TCC a clause was including that articulates the raw material could be transfer abroad for refining. Here this provokes misgivings about the agreement with TCC that why the authorities are in haste to sell-out the minerals which can support substantially to state’s deteriorated economy?

Here the genuine heir ‘Baloch’ cannot be seen anywhere in the trade of this immense wealth and on this the entire world fixed its eyes. Some individuals like previous Chief Minister Balochistan Raisani or others who are connived with establishment might be conferred a handful wealth but the nation collectively is starving even being owner of Balochistan land rich with precious minerals, a long coast-line and key strategic position in this region. Only political conscious with a fair system can change the lives of Baloch nation, but this present regime is devoid the mentioned characteristics and never can develop the RecoDick for the nation.

Horse trading haunts on Senate election

By Ahmed Khan

On 5th March, 2015, by electoral bodies in provinces, the members for upper-house of the country Pakistan, imagesthe Senate were elected by voting. Here horse-trading term became common among the Pakistani politicians. Horse trading gives meaning to buy the voters’ in favor. The politicians are part of electoral bodies are expected for more wealth because they invested a lot during the election campaign or in settlement with establishment to let them reach in assemblies, then they will work on its instructions and also earn money for themselves by exploiting the positions.

The senate election was the best time for here’s politicians to horse-trade. Candidate requires 7 votes by provincial assembly members for being senator. As the result of voting, the Muslim League–N got 25 seats in Senate and Peoples Party clenched 26 and this party is on highest position in upper-house. Tehreek-e-Insaf inclusion in Senate is maiden with 7 seats. Some independent candidates surprisingly also were elected for Pakistani Senate positions.

In Balochistan, National Party won 3 seats and this party against the most obedience as bounty was given position in the Senate to Hasil Bizinjo in previous term of assemblies remembered at that time the NP boycotted election and it has no member in assembly but got position in senate, interestingly. This time the NP has MPAs at Balochistan Assembly. The Pashtoon Khuwa Milli Awami Party in past was a socialist inclined party and now fervently is taking part in all sorts of elections whether those are under the umbrella of establishment, the said party overlooked its pats ideology. The PKMAP also won 3 seats for Senate. Jamiat and Balochistan National (BNP-Mengal) of each party won one seat. It is bizarre that an independent but magnate person Mir Yousaf Badini won the seat for Senate by Balochistan’s Members of Provincial Assembly. And Mr. Yaqoob Nasir former head of Pakistan Muslim League Balochistan chapter lost his confirm seat.

After Senate election the politicians themselves expostulated about horse-trading. Mr. Sana Ullah Zehri the head of Balochistan Muslim League in media blamed for horse-trading in Senate election, and this party is ruling on country, presently. The ruling party or rulers are disable to halt the horse-trading, so who can do it? No one remains for this virtual job accomplishment.

The Senate is supreme institute in the country where people enter by unfair means, so how they will deliver the masses in fair way. In Balochistan, reserved seats for Senate were sold-out against heavy amount and scam also was appeared in media. This also boggles minds that how independent candidate won? The MPAs did not vote for their parties by which ticket they contested election and got position of MPA ship?

In Balochistan, this was reverberating elected independent candidate Mir Yousaf Badini spent a big amount and bought votes for his seat at Senate. In the result of such bargaining parties’ seasoned members were defeated.

The tradition of horse-trading pushes Pakistanis into desperation very deep. The dishonest people approached the upper-house in country and they are to set the direction of nation’s destination. Their presence at upper-house for five years is certain. Hence, this propels the Pakistanis to skeptically think about their future. The people who have no ideology and political experiences only consider personal interests but not prefer the country and masses; hence, the despicable horse-trading trend will embitter the Pakistanis lives furthermore.

Pakistan disallows VBMP officials to travel abroad

By Farooq Baloch

The issue of missing persons was started reporting in 2000, in Balochistan, during the regime of Pervez 1392344948-baloch-missing-person-march-reaches-lahore-after-walking-for-1200km_3913774Musharraf who conducted unconstitutional operations in different areas of the province. It is also believed that a large number of people mostly political workers, students, lawyers and people from grass root level  have gone to missing during the military operations from different parts of the province. Many of the missing persons bullets riddled, decomposed and dumped bodies were found from various areas of the Balochistan and from Karachi the capital of the Sindh province. A large number of the people are still missing; the family members of the victims do not know about the fate of their loved ones whether they are alive or dead.

The family members of the missing persons have been managing demonstrations, protest, rallies, set up token hunger strike camp in front of Quetta press club and time to time conducting press conferences individually for the safe recovery of their loved ones since the Musharraf regime, but with each passing day the number of missing person is increasing, people are being picked up from every corner of the province. The number of missing persons has entered in thousands figure. The political parties of the largest province of Pakistan by area also claim with solid evidences that their activists are forcibly abducted in a large number.

In 2009, the relative of missing persons formed an organization Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP). It is comprised on the family members of the missing persons, whose loved ones were abducted. It is the purely non-political organization in the province and striving for the safe recovery of missing persons. The central members of the organization are follows; Nasrullah Baloch is the chairman of the organization, his uncle Ali Asghar Bangulzai was forcibly abducted on 18th October 2001, and still he is missing. The Vice Chairman of the organization is Abdul Qadeer Baloch, his son Jaleel Reki was abducted outside of his home near Girls School Kechi Baig Sariab road Quetta, on 13th February, 2009. Deceased Reki was the central secretary information of the Baloch Republican Party (BRP). After the detention of two and half years Jalil Reki’s bullet riddled with severely torture sign dead body was found from Turabt. Farzana Mjeed is the general secretary of the organization, her brother Zakir Majeed was the vice chairman of the Baloch Student Organization Azad (BSO-A). Zakir has been missing since June 2009, he was picked from Mastung district, and still the family members do not know about his fate. And further the organization VBMP has its district coordinators throughout the Balochistan to collect the data of the missing and extra judicially killed persons.

Since the formation of the organization VBMP, the activists of this have been raising voice and trying to highlight the issue of enforced disappearances, globally. After accomplishment the unbelievable historical long march, the participants of became the prominent human rights defender.

Few days back Mama Abdul Qadeer Baloch including his companions; Farzana Majeed Baloch and Faiqa were stopped by Federal Intelligence Agency (FIA) at Jinnah International Airport at Karachi, as they were about to fly to the New York city to join the World Sindhi Congress in United States of America. They were invited by the Sindh Academic and Cultural Society of North America (SACSNA) in theirs conference with agenda to highlight the violation of human rights in Balochistan and Sindh. The VBMP representatives were prevented and told by the FIA officials that, their names are on the Exit Control List (ECL), and the first investigation report (FIR) has been filed against them for involvement in anti-state activities. That is the why they cannot go to abroad.

“I along with my colleagues have met all formalities; we were having our passports and US visas including all documents about traveling to USA. Even the officials of the government have never informed us that our names are on ECL, or we are involved in anti-state activities. We have been carrying out peaceful protest for the safe recovery of our loved ones.” Said Mama Qadeer Baloch.

Farzana Majeed speaking to media men said, “I had been from Dubai last month without facing any problem. I explained before the FIA officials that I am a Baloch human rights defender but not terrorist, and this is my right to travel abroad. They did not consider all legal points.”

After this incident, Mama Qadeer in his press conference at Karachi Press club stated that the international watchdogs should take notice of Pakistani authority’s’ unfair actions; it is injustice to stop someone from going to abroad and do not let to raise the voice against the injustices and violations of human rights.

He appealed the United Nations, Amnesty international, Human Rights Watch, Asian Human Rights Commission and international community to take step against the involved authorities who have stopped them from  joining international conference where they were invited to highlighting the issue of enforced disappearances and extra judicial killing of the missing persons in torture cells.

Here question rises, why they were disallowed to going out from the country. They have constitutionally and legally right to go anywhere. Even the incumbents of the organization VBMP along with their relatives of missing persons have been appearing before the Supreme Court of Pakistan and the Balochistan High Court on each hearing day of case. They have been recording their statements before the judicial commission and inquiry committees which were formed by the judiciary, provincial and federal governments to probe into the cases of missing persons. The higher authorities of the government and others have never notified Mama Qadeer and others that their names are on ECL, they cannot go to abroad, said the family members of the missing persons.

The human rights organizations internationally and nationally slammed the illicit action of the FIA officials for not letting the well-known human rights defenders to joining the conference.

As the Front Line Defender (FLD) stated in its statement, the FLD expresses concern over the travel ban on Abdul Qadeer Baloch and they believe solely this is his peaceful and legitimate human right and has impunity to defy the enforced disappearances. Further the organization urged the authorities in Pakistan to immediately and unconditionally lift the travel ban on VBMP officials, as the organization believes that it has been imposed solely as a result of his legitimate and peaceful work in the defense of human rights. Further, in statement of the organization is stated that to guarantee in all circumstances that all human rights defenders in Pakistan, in particular those are working to combat enforced disappearances to carry out their legitimate activities without fear of reprisals and free from all restrictions.

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan also condemned the incident which took place at the Jinnah International Airport Karachi with Mama Qadeer and his companions. In its statement stated by HRCP that they hope someone in authority or the judiciary itself would see why that was not done in this case, and the organization demand the government to probe and share with the people who ordered to be prohibited and also to expressly underline its commitment not to hamper citizen freedom of movement in future.

Recently Mama Qadeer along with his travel companions has completed the historical long march from Quetta to Karachi and Karachi to Islamabad. They have marched on long distance of 2800 km without using any sort of transportation. It took them more than 100 days, they walked with swollen feet, and the rulers of the country did not provide them medical facility, and did not expressed solidarity with the brave marchers.

The organization VBMP has been observing the token hunger strike camp in several cities of Pakistan and they have completed 1925 days of token hunger strike at established camp. The organization VBMP has taken out number of rallies and demonstrated several times against the injustices and violations of human rights in Balochistan.

Now it is the responsibility of the provincial and federal governments to provide them justice, and take practical steps to recover their loved ones. The government should lift the ban traveling to abroad on the organization members and should take action against those, who stopped them at Jinnah Airport Karachi from going to the USA with purpose to join the conference of human rights.

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