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Bolan Voice Report
Inour fast developing globe there is no welcoming of Talibanization in modernization, specially in western countries, where terrorism is not rife and it is mentally and physically opposed by rational beings given the substantive goal of our lives; is to be peace and love promoters. For the same matter, the United States of America, after the fatal assault on the world Trade Center which resulted in the death of thousands of its innocent citizens by al-Qaeda group, the attack better known as 9/11, deployed some troops to Afghanistan for the security of Afghan and American people and in order to crush the Taliban groups from the soul of Afghanistan. Thus, now we all are under impressions that the American troops will withdraw from Afghanistan at the end of 2014 and the world will be disturbed at the hands of Taliban, Indeed, American troops are not withdrawing, to understand more of what is going on, BLV, brings you the most exclusively comprehensive report of it from sources that aim at broadening your knowledge of current state of affairs.
There are indeed ten amazing facts to know in relation with the withdrawal of ISAF troops from Afghanistan.
Fact 1: It is not the case that all US troops will be removed from Afghanistan at the end of 2014. In June 2011, President Obama announced his plan to begin the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan. But the president did not say that all US troops would leave Afghanistan by the end of 2014. What he did say was 10,000 troops would be removed by the end of the summer 2011, with 23,000 additional troops leaving at the end of the summer of 2012. After that, according to the President “their troops will continue coming home at a steady pace as Afghan security forces move into the lead. Their mission will change from combat to support. By 2014, this process of transition will be complete, and the Afghan people will be responsible for their own security”.
Notice that the President did not say that their mission in Afghanistan will end by 2014, only that it will cease to be a “combat” mission and become a “support” mission. White House Press Secretary Jay Carney has since confirmed that President Obama never said US troops would be completely withdrawn by the end of 2014. What you should be asking yourself is, “what is a support mission?”, “how many troops will be required for it?”, and “how long will it last?” We will get to these questions shortly. First, it’s important to highlight one thing:
Fact 2: There is currently no end date for the war in Afghanistan.
Nowhere in the President’s June 2011 speech did he mention a deadline for the full withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, and no date for full withdrawal has been specified since then. In fact, the Strategic Partnership Agreement, which was struck between the United States and Afghanistan in June 2012, provides for a US military presence after 2014, although the magnitude of the presence was not specified. On November 15, 2012, it was reported that Afghanistan and the United States had begun negotiations for a bilateral security agreement, which will govern the US military presence in Afghanistan post-2014, including how many troops are left in Afghanistan, and for how long.
Fact 3: There is no set plan for removing the remaining 68,000 troops left in Afghanistan.
Not only are there currently twice as many US troops in Afghanistan today as there were when President Obama took office, but the administration has yet to outline a specific plan for removing the 68,000 troops that remain, except that most of them will be removed by the end of 2014. A decision about a scheduled for the removal of these troops will not be made until after a decision is made about the number of residual troops the US will leave in Afghanistan post-2014. However, it has been reported that General John Allen wants to keep over 60,000 US troops until the fall of 2013.
Three options were being considered in March 2012:
- The drawdown plan said to be favored by Vice President Joe Biden would drawdown troops rapidly, to perhaps 20,000, by the end of 2013.
2. A more gradual drawdown plan calls for removing 10,000 troops by the end of December 2012, leaving 58,000 troops. An additional 10,000 to 20,000 would be removed by June 2013, leaving between 48,000 and 38,000 troops in Afghanistan, still more than were in the country when President Obama took office.
3. Military commanders are said to favor delaying further cuts until the end of 2013, including Lt. Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, who was the second-in-command of US forces in Afghanistan until June 2012 and is now the Director of the Joint Staff.
Fact 4: Reports indicate that the Pentagon wants to keep between 6,000 and 20,000 US troops in Afghanistan until at least 2024.
On November 12, 2012, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta told reporters that the Obama administration would come to a decision within the next few weeks about the magnitude of the US post-2014 military presence in Afghanistan. Panetta would not comment on the troop levels being considered. Since then, it has been reported that General John Allen, head of the ISAF, has submitted three plans for an enduring US presence in Afghanistan: With 6,000 troops, the focus of the US mission would be on counterterrorism missions, and logistical and training support for Afghan forces would be limited; With 10,000 troops, the US could expand training and logistical support from the 6,000 troop plan; With 20,000 troops, US conventional forces could be used to patrol certain areas.
All of these options include troop commitments smaller than the 25,000 troops the Pentagon is said to have favored since Obama’s drawdown announcement. However, just days after General Allen’s recommendations made news, the Wall Street Journal reported that President Obama requested three additional proposals in which troop levels did not exceed 10,000. The plans submitted by the Pentagon included:
A 3,000 troop option, which Pentagon officials strongly warned against;
A 6,000 troop option, assumed to be the same as the 6,000 troop option described above;
A 9,000 troop option, assumed to be similar to the 10,000 troop option above.
Out of these three options, the Pentagon is said to favor the 9,000 troop option, while the White House is said to favor the 6,000 troop option. Keep in mind that there were only 34,000 troops there when Obama took office. If 20,000 troops are kept in Afghanistan after 2014, that means that the net withdrawal would be a mere 14,000 troops. Furthermore, before 2007, troop levels were at roughly 20,000 or less. So leaving 20,000 troops in Afghanistan would be to merely return to 2006 troop levels. Leaving 9,000 or 10,000 troops would be a return to 2003 troop levels. If the Pentagon gets its way, the US will be at war in Afghanistan for at least 12 additional years—that’s one more year than we’ve been at war to this point. That means that we wouldn’t even be at the half-way mark today, let alone nearing the end!
Fact 5: The “support” mission will not necessarily be small, nor will it be free of combat missions.
A “support” mission sure sounds more reassuring than a combat mission, right? Sounds like only a few troops will remain behind to support the Afghan security forces? Any close reading of the US public position on its post-2014 mission in Afghanistan immediately dispels such consoling thoughts. Just look at the plans General John Allen has proposed for the US enduring presence, listed above. Each of the Pentagon’s proposals includes a counterinsurgency element. In fact, the 6,000 troop plan, which the White House is said to favor, prioritizes direct counterinsurgency missions over logistical support and training for the Afghan security forces, even though it is supposedly for the latter reason that US officials claim an enduring presence is necessary.
Meanwhile, the plan involving the largest amount of troops adds a patrol capacity, which is clearly a combat, not a support, capacity. It is likely that a combat capacity is emphasized in the Pentagon’s plans due to a recognition that the Afghan security forces, even after a decade of training, are far from ready to take over security for the country. Further, the US “support” mission in Iraq serves as an example and a warning for the continued US military presence in Afghanistan. The combat mission in Iraq supposedly ended in August 2010, at which point troop levels were brought down to 50,000. In October 2011, over a year later, there were still about 45,000 troops left in Iraq. Furthermore, these supposedly non-combat troops would engage in combat missions and were described as having a “combat capacity” by administration officials, including former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, in which they engage in “targeted counterterrorism operations” and work and fight alongside Iraqi security forces.
In light of this, “support” seems to be nothing more than a euphemism for extended combat. Per a previous agreement between the US and Iraqi governments, all US troops were supposed to leave Iraq at the end of 2011. That didn’t stop the Obama administration from trying to pressure the Iraqi government to extend the deadline, allowing the US to leave up to 10,000 troops indefinitely. Fortunately, this plan has been abandoned, and all but about 150 US troops attached to the US Embassy left on time. But a similar fight over keeping to a deadline for withdrawal may erupt in the future over Afghanistan—whenever a deadline is, in fact, established.
Fact 6: Obama’s “surge” is not over:
In September 2012, it was widely reported that Obama’s “troop surge” in Afghanistan was over, leaving 68,000 troops in the country. But when President Obama took office, there were only roughly 34,000 US troops in Afghanistan. In two “surges”, Obama added to this figure over 66,000 additional troops. By reducing the US troop presence by 33,000; his drawdown plan has removed only half the number of troops that he sent to Afghanistan, not all.
Fact 7: There are less than 100 al Qaeda left in Afghanistan—but there are over 600,000 Afghan and international forces there to fight them:
In June 2010, Leon Panetta said that there were less than 100 members of al Qaeda left in Afghanistan. According to the latest Brookings Institute Afghanistan Index, there are about 108,000 international troops in Afghanistan under NATO and Operation Enduring Freedom; 344,108 Afghan Security Forces; 90,000 private Defense Department contractors; and 2,000 private contractors training the Afghan Army. Additionally, there are 150,000 Pakistani troops on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. That’s a grand total of 694,108 versus 100. Seems bit overkill.
Fact 8: The lack of a timetable for withdrawal is a key obstacle in peace negotiations with the Taliban:
Taliban spokesmen have made it quite clear that peace requires a willingness by the US to leave; but the US military has done just the opposite through its negotiations with the Afghan government to keep tens of thousands of US troops in Afghanistan indefinitely.
Fact 9: There is elite support for an expedited withdrawal:
Elite groups ranging from the Afghanistan Study Group, which was endorsed by a large number of national security and Middle East experts, to the New York Times have come out in support of an accelerated US military withdrawal from—and oppose an extended military stay in—Afghanistan.
Congress has also expressed support for a quicker withdrawal. On November 30, 2011, the US Senate adopted a measure by voice vote in favor of an accelerated US military withdrawal from Afghanistan. In May 2012, 90 Members of Congress joined Rep. Barbara Lee in calling upon President Obama to expedite the withdrawal. And in November 2012, the Senate voted 62-33 in favor of a measure that calls upon President Obama to continue withdrawing US troops at a steady pace, to end all regular US combat missions in Afghanistan no later than December 31, 2014, and to “take all possible steps” to end such operations earlier.
Fact 10: There is popular support for ending the war now:
Although polls of American public opinion on US withdrawal from Afghanistan tend to conflate the withdrawal of all “combat” troops with the withdrawal of all troops, majorities are still shown to oppose an indefinite US military presence in Afghanistan. A March 2012 Gallop poll reported 50% of Americans in favor of withdrawing all US troops before 2014, with an additional 24% favoring a full withdrawal by the end of 2014. An October 2012 Pew poll found an even greater majority in favor of a quick withdrawal: 60% of Americans said they wanted US troops removed from Afghanistan as soon as possible, while only 35% support leaving US troops there “until the situation stabilizes.”
What is perhaps most interesting about some of these polls is that they seem to reflect a general confusion over President Obama’s plan for withdrawal from Afghanistan. The Pew poll, for example, reported that 73% of Democrats supported a quick withdrawal from Afghanistan instead of waiting. Yet, 66% of Democrats say that President Obama is handling the removal of US troops “about right.” Also interestingly, the Pew poll reported 25% of Republicans said that President Obama is removing troops too slowly.
Ashraf Jehangir Qazi
If the Pakhtun had Bacha Khan, the Muslim Bengalis had Suharwardy and the Sindhis had G M Syed, then the Baloch had Khair Baksh Marri. Each one of them was a political leader of outstanding integrity and tenacity. Sadly, the Punjab of Pakistan – possibly due to historical, cultural and geographical reasons – has never been able to produce a political leader of any positive character and consequence. All they have ever aspired to is self-serving political gimmickry. This fact has always countered and negated the political potential of the country.
Tragically, the ‘success’ of this political gimmickry of the Punjab establishment (not the Punjab people) over the grievance politics of the ‘minority’ provinces has stymied the political development of the country. Military interventions and interference has been an integral part of this paradigm. Foreign and security policy disasters have followed inevitably.
Khair Bakhsh Marri became the strongest symbol of resistance to this paradigm. In this sense he was a national leader despite his extreme disillusionment with the way the country had evolved, particularly at the expense of his own people. He was a sardar and a socialist. Some might argue that made him into a reactionary and a progressive rolled into one. His critics argued that this accounted for his political confusion. Harsher critics from the establishment alleged it accounted for his political “hypocrisy” and pointed to the iniquitous nature of traditional Baloch tribal society where the sardar or tumandar represented in his person the ‘the whole weight’ of his tribe, reducing the individual tribal Baloch to ‘weightlessness’.
However, the truth is that Khair Bakhsh was well aware of the limitations of tribal society even though he admired its simplicity and nobility as well as its values of identity, honour and loyalty. His socialism was not just an expression of his opposition to the forceful intrusion of a de-tribalised and degenerate elite nurtured and controlled by foreign masters; it was also a recognition that tribal society was largely a thing of the past, and would now need to become part of a more egalitarian and inclusive society in which it would be able to retain and renew its identity. But neither he nor his people would respond positively to diktat and imposition.
Was his attitude politically feasible? Did he consistently adhere to his principles? Did he recognise and prioritise the policy implications of his political convictions? While positive answers to each of these questions might be problematic, a negative answer to each of them would certainly be wrong and dishonest.
Khair Bakhsh Marri was not an intellectual. But he had a fundamental sense of what was right and just and what was wrong and unacceptable. He intuitively and correctly saw that neither he nor his people were given the space in which to freely find a place of dignity, equity and security in the post-independence political system. This system had, by and large, been imposed upon them by a new set of post-colonial, distant, dishonest, uncaring, and oppressive rulers. They had inherited a tradition of servility and service to outsiders, a tradition in which they apparently took pride and sought to exercise political power for the first time.
Accordingly, they could never even begin to comprehend the so-called ‘threat’ of ‘regional nationalisms’, which were in fact the essential and historical substance of the new country of Pakistan.
Without enabling and encouraging this substance of regional nationalisms to freely develop and progressively merge into the meta-substance of a genuinely inclusive and participatory Pakistani nationalism, the country could have no sustainable existence.
The tragedy of East Pakistan was proof of this fact. The tragedy of Balochistan has been proof of our leadership’s refusal to learn anything. This fact continues to rule our country today – with all its devastating consequences. The Pakistan in which Khair Bakhsh and his people found themselves was one in which these facts were already beginning to define its destiny. Accordingly, he was brave and sincere enough to say he would have nothing to do with such a country, and would resist its “exploitation and hegemony” without compromise.
Was this the correct or only possible response? Maybe not. Did Khair Bakhsh’s despairing response to what he saw as an impossible situation for his people define him as a traitor to Pakistan? One would have to be a supreme hypocrite to say so.
Was Khair Bakhsh Marri honoured by the Baloch people of Pakistan and beyond for his stance? Without doubt he was honoured by them like no Baloch leader has ever been since the creation of Pakistan – with no exceptions. Are the Baloch people, therefore, traitors to Pakistan?
Is it also not a fact that politically aware people all over Pakistan deeply respected him for his principled tenacity? Are they also traitors? If not, why was Khair Bakhsh deliberately misrepresented, harassed, imprisoned, ignored and isolated by the establishment and by each and every ruler of Pakistan? Does that reflect on Khair Bakhsh Marri or on the quality of the ruling establishment it has been the fate of Pakistan to suffer?
Shallow leaders from time to time sought to meet him as part of their political gimmickry. Generally, he politely but firmly refused to meet them. Did that mean he was stubborn and unreasonable? To an extent, maybe. But, much more importantly, it meant he did not wish to waste his time in dealing with political gimmickry or to have any truck with political insincerity.
It has been alleged that Khair Bakhsh Marri and his associates were financed by India and possibly other countries. I do not know the facts. But what I do know is that such charges have never been backed up with any evidence. Moreover, if a people are denied any hope of redress for their grievances within national political processes, they will eventually be denied any sense of participation in the nation. The ruling establishment, in such circumstances, will forfeit the right to make such allegations against an alienated people and their political leaders even when there may be a kernel of truth to them.
Such allegations become part of the hypocrisy and oppression that alienated them in the first place. The refusal of the ruling elite to seriously address and redress the issue of political alienation is itself an anti-Pakistani act, especially in the light of our historical experience, which we seek to forget even as we repeat it.
All said and done, Sardar Khair Bakhsh Marri’s political career, including the political commitments he made, add up to the kind of selfless political leadership that is sorely lacking in Pakistan today. That is why, despite any differences I might have had with some of his political positions, I salute my brother-in-law in his passing as one of the great Baloch sons of Pakistan – and therefore as one of the great Pakistani political leaders. May Pakistan embrace his memory as such. (Courtesy to TheNews)
Inna-lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon
The writer is a former envoy to the US and India.Email: email@example.com
By Basheer Ahmed Ijbari
Polio is known as poliomyelitis; it is infantile paralysis as well as it is an acute communicable disease caused by the poliovirus and ranges in severity from in apparent infection to fatal paralytic illness. First recognized in 1840, poliomyelitis became epidemic in Norway and Sweden in 1905. Outbreaks reached pandemic proportions in Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand during the first half of this century. Incidence peaked during the 1940s and early 1950s, and led to the development of the Salk vaccine.
Although polio can cause a paralytic disease and the result will be death, the stretched majority of people who have been affected by the poliovirus many people have developed symptoms from poliovirus contact no paralytic polio, it is type of polio that doesn’t lead to paralysis abortive polio, this usually causes in a same mild, flu-like sign and its symptoms are typical of other viral diseases.
Symptoms which generally last one to 10 days, include:
- Sore throat
- Back pain or stiffness
- Neck pain or stiffness
- Pain or stiffness in the arms or legs
- Muscle weakness or tenderness
Discovery of Polio Vaccine:
Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. Announced to the world by Dr Thomas Francis Jr. on April 12, 1955, it consists of an injected dose of inactivated (dead) poliovirus. An oral vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin using attenuated poliovirus. Human trials of Sabin’s vaccine began in 1957, and it was licensed in 1962. There is no long term carrier state for poliovirus in immunocompetent individuals, polioviruses have no non-primate reservoir in nature (although they have been induced in transgenic mice), and survival of the virus in the environment for an extended period of time appears to be remote. Therefore, interruption of person to person transmission of the virus by vaccination is the critical step in global polio eradication. The two vaccines have eradicated polio from most countries in the world, and reduced the worldwide incidence from an estimated 350,000 cases in 1988 to just 223 cases in 2012.
In November 2013, the World Health Organization announced a polio outbreak in Syria. In response, the Armenian government put out a notice asking Syrian Armenians under age 15 to get the polio vaccine. It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system.
Entire world through vaccination has got immunized from grim disease “the Polio” but unluckily Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria are harboring the patients with virus on distressing level that in these mentioned countries and it can breakout then as epidemic on sudden time in told states.
The Pakistan caused transformation of virus to China, Egypt and Syria where it has incapacitated many children. This has persuaded that WHO declared the spread [PHEIC] Health Emergency of International Concern and recommends some points to constrain the rapid spread of virus and these will valid for three months, but in case of non-effectiveness the short-term sanctions can be extended on.
In current year, Pakistan is on top in the rank of polio cases with 83 totally affected children have been incapacitated by this viral disease of polio, while in Afghanistan 6 and in Nigeria 3 cases of polio have been reported so far.
The abysmal situation in Pakistan regarding polio has impelled the International World to take some dire steps because for safety of people and they are also obliged to take pre-emptive measures. The World Health Organization, WHO, has imposed travelling sanction on Pakistan in 5th May, 2014, in that vaccination certificate of polio is stapled with Pakistan travellers to abroad. The WHO restriction will effect ten countries of world; Pakistan, Syria, Cameroon, Eqvodore Genie, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Somalia. The WHO has recommended sanction on above mentioned states or that will be under sanctions, directly.
On international level some immediate initiatives are required to be taken:
• Emergency is to be called against Polio in effected countries.
• The polio virus-catering countries’ citizens who intended to travel other countries for one month or for more than one month for them it is compulsory to get vaccinated earlier four weeks or for injection time lasts a year. In case of dash, the citizen must be vaccinated for polio before the departure.
• The certificate of vaccination by departments concerned must be provided to the travelling citizens.
These 3 months scheduled sanction comprises the directive that vaccination is compulsory for all people irrespective of their age differences, the pregnant passengers also included in vaccination because the polio vaccine is not impair for them.
Polio in Pakistan:
Currently, Pakistan is the country which is catering polio virus in largest scale in the whole world. In addition to that, in Pakistan, polio disease has paralyzed 83 children beyond June 23, 2014, while 19 cases were reported in previous year. During 2014 in FATA 64, in Khyber Paktun Khuwa 12, and Sindh 6 children have been left disabled by polio. Commonly the polio virus communicates from November upto May due to cold weather and in this specified period its ratio remains very low and cases report fewer, but this year, ironically, from January upto now [June] the number of cases has increased five folds.
Pakistan is such a country where the majority of citizens are unaware of citizens’ rights but a layer is occupying all resources and country’s major portion economy goes in the regard of defensive expenditure, like missiles testing and war-equipment purchasing have pushed this country’s people in darkness of illiteracy and ignorance. These things have caused very low growth of cognizant and people don’t seem to care much for their health and they are unenthusiastic in participation of polio eradication campaigns.
In Nigeria, fanatic notions have been encouraged and in Pakistan for keeping hegemony on neighboring states the Jihadists were used, and aftermath these elements have got as challenged to the writ of state and denied to vaccinate their areas’ children by frothing illogical and irrational debates, and that is the reason, FATA, The Federally Administered Tribal Areas, has 64 incapacitated children disabled by polio. The similar monk also exists is Balochistan’s Pashtun belt. They believe the polio vaccine is taboo and a conspiracy of US and other European countries to reduce the number of Muslims in world. They believe that the polio vaccine is the cause of infertility of women; such irrational thoughts are hampering the Pakistan to be a polio free state.
The extremist thoughts badly affected the polio campaigns in the country, mostly, the FATA and its adjacent areas, where many polio workers in Peshawar and other towns of KPK and in Karachi have lost their precious lives during performing their duties by fatal attacks of discussed extremists. These attacks on polio workers got shape of a challenge to law-enforcement agencies of state.
Currently, State’s central command has launched an operation “Zarb-e-Azb” in FATA for the elimination of militants, which caused evacuation of local population from the area. The war affected population has been shifted to settled areas of country and they are dubbed IDPs and strength of these is in million as well as some of them also flown across the border to Afghanistan. This displacement of people has provided a magnification of chance vaccinate caused region children and got them immunized from polio who are communicating the virus whether inside and outside the country of Pakistan.
Polio in Balochistan:
Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan area-wise, but the poorest in sectors of education and economics. Balochistan’s Pashtun religious elements create some problems in polio vaccination but Baloch moderate and progressive ever facilitated and welcomed polio teams in their localities. Presently, Balochistan is immunized from polio totally and luckily it is the sole province in entire country polio-free. The sustaining of this status to Balochistan is great challenge for it. Balochistan has to establish polio vaccination units on the transit points to other provinces. On the highways, railways and the IDPs who are migrating to other parts of country, similarly in Balochistan they are entering and creating hazardous environment for polio virus communication; hence this aspect is required vigilance to prevent the virus spread in the province.
In this regard the authorities concerned, without vaccination process, shouldn’t let the IDPs enter Balochistan. The parents also give drops to their children and cooperate with vaccination teams and must not miss any children from drops on this imperiled occasion. Balochistan is sole province that is polio-free since 18 months and here WHO and Government of Balochistan disbursing polio team workers in extra Rs.250 to each, the provincial government officials are monitoring personally the vaccination campaigns.
Challenges regarding Polio in Balochistan:
Low graded polio campaigns:
On district and union level due to no answerability, bad administration and insufficient teams of polio, challenges in Balochistan are against the eradication of virus totally.
Large scale migration of population:
Balochistan is province where large number of population migrates season to season to other provinces and neighboring country to Afghanistan. People migrate to Sindh, KPK and southern Afghanistan for sidestep from extreme weather and they live a nomadic life style. Average 15000 to 20000 children each month cross the Pak-Afghan border entrance “Bab-e-Dosti”.
Somehow the religious outlook is also akin to a hindrance that fundamental thinkers are misguided that imported polio vaccines are taboo or cause infertility to women. The Ghost of polio has gripped tightly to Pakistan and now here the governing bodies are also confused when WHO imposed travelling sanctions for tenure of three months on trial basis, although after vaccination process Pakistani citizens can travel abroad. Here it doesn’t seem that within three months Pakistan will be a polio-free country. In case of polio virus harboring the international world definitely will implement more tough sanctions, which will be more troublesome for Pakistanis.
Regarding the ground realities, it can be prognosticated that in a short-term of three months Pakistan will not be polio-free. During 65 years, from its creation, this has failed to provide clean drinking water to its citizen not talking of other rights and amenities, henceforward with such history no one can prognosticate for being Polio-Free State given the short span of three months, at least a far-fetched perception about Pakistan. And international world may cut-off relation or suspend air flight and world Health Organization recommends stern restrictions on it because these are unavoidable too, otherwise, polio virus will relocate, like it has transmitted to Syria, China and other countries get a drastic situation. The Pakistan’s topsy-turvy political structure, religious hysteria and corruption are impediments in the way of making the country polio free.
The writer can be reached: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.basheerijbari. wordpress.com basheerijbani@twitter
Self-exiled Baloch nationalist leader Mir Harbayar Marri has said that an independent Balochistan will confront problems faced by countries like Angola and North Korea if powers of tribal nawabs and chiefs are not handed over to nationalists carrying out a separatist movement.
Criticizing his brothers Jangez and Mehran for vying to become nawab of the Marri tribe, he said in a statement sent to reporters here from London: “Appointing nawabs, tribal chieftains and tribal elders is part of a backward and anti-Baloch system introduced by Sandeman, a representative of British rulers in Balochistan, which has since been harming the Baloch liberation movement and interests of the Baloch people.”
He said it was the right and mandate of Baloch nationalist leaders and youths to decide matters relating to Balochistan because “they have been sacrificing their lives in the struggle for freedom”.
“The people claiming to have become nawab and chief of the Marri tribe, including my brothers Jangez Marri and Mehran Marri, are following the course adopted by parliamentarians from the Balochistan National Party and National Party who went to parliament instead of contributing to the liberation movement,” Mir Harbayar said.
He said the chiefs of the Mengal tribe had been pursuing politics to maintain their hold on the tribe instead of rendering sacrifices for the rights of the Baloch people.
“The nations that allow some persons to rule them as nawabs and tribal chieftains always remain backward and face anarchy. On the other hand, nations like Norway and Sweden that accepted changes have become developed and prosperous,” he said.
He said his late father Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri embodied a school of thought and he struggled, faced difficulties and hardships and rendered sacrifices for a bright and prosperous future of the Baloch people.
“Not only are his children or tribe, but all Baloch people heirs of Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri,” he said.
He said the Baloch people needed mature leaders and not nawabs and tribal chieftains if they wanted their identity to survive and to bring themselves on a par with civilized nations.
“We are not against the tribal system but against the system of nawab and tribal chieftain that was introduced by Mr Sandeman,” he said.
(Courtesy to Dawn)
Bolan Voice Report
The spokesman of Baloch Salvation Front for the alliance consisting of Baloch Watan Movement, Balochistan Independence Movement and Gohwar Baloch Movement in his issued statement has said that the contribution of Agha Abdul Kareem has been playing a vital role in the struggle for the freedom of Baloch nation.
In 1948, After the Declaration of Independence of the Baloch homeland and seeing the barbaric annexation after the subjugation of the Baloch land by the State, he stood against it and started sprawling knowledge of the struggle against the occupation. Furthermore, the spokesperson said Agha Abdul Karim Khan gave the show a new dimension to the freedom movement struggle to maintain historical continuity defensive struggle against the Pakistani state and vehemently emphasized this national measure.
In this national regard, he, manifestly, assumed utter responsibility upon his shoulders for the Baloch leadership and guidance duty and against the occupying State he along with his other ideological comrades spread awareness and enlightened his people by circulating as well as issuing revolutionary literature among his people. Moreover, he also speeded up the process of awakening the Baloch for it was the most crucial part of the national struggle. He struggled for a long-term ideological and revolutionary, in the true sense, strongly associates and attempted to come up with a camp. In the grand Atlas of independence thousands of freedom fighters struggled and accompanied him.
On the other hand, not only the state and their local puppets utilized military resources against them but cultivated hatred against him in the hearts of from his own people of the family in order to completely seizure him by using the simplest ways and tactics to crush their network.
In addition to that, Agha Abdul Kareem laid the foundation of such a movement which was not either an accidental type of insurgency or any other type of rebellion but it was just a firm stance against the occupying state for mere complete freedom, for this cause he was well-planned and determined on educational, scientific, diplomatic and organizational bases. Moreover, the spokesperson added that, amid the advocate of State of Kalat, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and to the Khan-of-kalat he said that the self-created and illegal agreement and pacts are totally contrary to the will of Baloch nation. And he further said, that “foisted slavery whether in the name of Muslim or non-Muslim is never accepted”.
The spokesperson further said, BSF pays greatly limitless tribute and obscene to the Baloch national leader, Agha Abdul Kareem for his first historical services and sacrifices made in the line of national struggle against the occupying State and said that with the true historical truth the Baloch struggle for the liberty will always be there and resistance against the injustice would be our natural duty, for it is the law of nature.
The spokesperson further added that in true sense after Agha Abdul Kareem Khan, Babo Nouroz Khan and martyred Safar Khan now Hair Biyar Marri, by following his ideology and thoughts, scrupulously with the national sentiments has constantly continued the struggle so far. Mir Hairbeyar Marri in current era has been taking forward the national struggle with the firm institutional, ideological and scientific bases, and he has kept in mind the past all experiments and further applied all new diplomatic and innovative ways of struggle with the progressive continuity in national leadership has been in the front line. That is why today from the State and much other thin game, against Hairbeyar Marri propagandas are being leveled excessively. With Gruhyt and regional politics by creating a hallmark and the State wants to conceal the Heroism of Hairbeyar and with delusions the State wants to disintegrate the movement going on currently.
By Durra Khan Baloch
The people of our country are facing grave repercussions because of suffocating democracy as well as manifold people are facing unpredictable consequences due to the confused leadership at the current juncture. What I ruminate robust democracy can bring certainty and hope in every corner of a country. And they can have candid approach to finish confusion, perplexity and uncertainty as we are well aware that there is high level of these.
Moreover, steep rise in price made pauper compelled to commit suicide and many poor are deeply troubled. In addition, hefty increase of things obligated them to join illicit activities which are really painful. No doubt there are numerous capable people; however there is no window of opportunity for them. Those areas which are in high intensity and conflict zone there people are questing for peace. There is no room left to doubt and it won’t be our erroneous belief if we say that trust worthy representatives can solve these problems or even curb such hurdles further.
The crux of the matter is that most of the educated masses are sadly ignored in spite of being in unique positions. What is more influential media is showing these troubles and blackness of the situations but what is more surprising is that sober actions are not being taken and people are left with no choice. In a nut shell I pledge to the government to have mus tered the courage and apparent reasons to get major breakthrough to resolve all problems then at least people will be joyous to live. Otherwise, those who are abiding in this country will face enormous harm and politicians will lose their image and credibility incessantly.
“Comrade Khair Bukhsh Mari was not just an individual but he is an ideology; And we cordially pay limitless thanks to the Baloch nation for making it possible for the desired burial of Comrade Khair Bukhsh in “Shu’dya-e-Kabirstan” among his other ideological comrades; Balochistan Students’ Organization, BSO-A”.
Bolan Voice Report
The central spokesperson of Balochistan Students’ Organization (Azad), BSO-A, said in one of his issued statements that the abrupt demise of veteran Baloch leader, Comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri, is a mourning for the entire Baloch nation, but, despite caring for the sentiments of Baloch nation at that critical juncture, the Pakistan forces kept his corpse in their custody and transferred his body to their mortuary room. And after doing so they started hatching conspiracies of burying his cadaver anonymously in Kohistan, area of Balochistan.
Having known their plan of burying his body there in Kohistan in anonymity. After talking to the other veteran Baloch leaders in Quetta, the members of Balochistan Students’ Organization, BSO-A, took swift steps to protest against this act.
In addition, BSO-A students called all the members and Baloch people from all walks and Baloch females and males gathered in a huge quantity in front of the Quetta press club at 9;00 o’clock of morning time. And we then arranged a protest rally marching from many routes of Quetta to the hockey ground at 10:00 o’clock, where the last prayers of Comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri were being offered, at the same moment the BSO-A students protested, seeing the protest many Baloch people who were gathered there joined the protest of BSO-A.
After our constant firm on protest to bury the cadaver of Comrade among his ideological companions in Shu’da-e-Kabristan instead of Kohistan-e-mari, Jangiz Marri along with the Pakistani forces announced that the Baloch masses are not letting them take the corpse of Baba Khair Bukhsh Marri, thus, the funeral and the prayers will take place in Hockey ground and his body will be buried in New-Kahan.
Furthermore, the spokesperson of Balochistan Students’ organization categorically paid admiration and thanks to the Baloch masses who made it possible to bury him where Comrade Khair Bukhsh Marri himself in his life desired to be buried among his ideological comrades. He further said, Comrade is always alive in our hearts and his left footsteps are always a guideline for the Baloch National Movement.
The Sunni militants of ISIS, Islamic state of Iraq and Syria became the world’s richest Jihadist group and the unforeseen future implications that might befall.
By Jameel Jansheer
Islamic state of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is an unrecognized state and active jihadist militant group in Iraq and Syria. According to the statistics and the claims of the several leaders of this Islamic Jihadist organization that the American invasion of Iraq in 2003 during the presidential authority of George W. Bush forcefully provoked them to wage jihad against the United States of America and it is also said that the American military action further made it easy for them to recruit militants and eventually retook manipulation of the country.
Particularly, this Islamist Jihadist armed organization comprises and is supported by a heap of homegrown insurgent groups, including its predecessor organization, the Mujahideen Shura Council, al-Qaeda, Jaysh-al-Faitheen, Jund al-Sahaba, and in short many more supported it with the aim of establishing an Islamic State and its sovereignty. In addition, Its mission of the existence was to establish a caliphate in the Sunni majority regions of Iraq, later extending and sprawling this to include Syria. On the other side, In February 2014, after an eight-month span of power struggle, al-Qaeda cut all its ties with ISIS, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
In terms of attacks either on military or government targets, this group has taken responsibility for heaps of attacks that have slain thousands of Iraqi civilians. In early June 2014, following its large-scale offensives in Iraq, ISIS is reported to have seized control of most of Mosul, the second most populous city in Iraq, a large part of the surrounding Nineveh province, and the city of Fallujah. Moreover, according to the sources, ISIS has also taken control of Tikrit, the administrative center of the Salah ad Din Governorate, with the ultimate goal of capturing Baghdad, the Iraqi capital. ISIS was believed to have only 2,000–3,000 fighters up until the Mosul campaign, but during that campaign it became evident that this number was a gross underestimate. And now it is quadrupling its militants for recruitment is open to every Sunni Muslim who are bestowed up jihad responsibility in Islam.
The unforeseen future complications that might befall. Staggering is the fact that recently ISIS, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, heavily armed Islamist militants flush with $450 million in stolen cash from a bank and became the world’s most richest jihadist group in terms of its finances, consequently, pushed toward Baghdad on Friday.
By dint of this huge amount of money it might quadruple its armaments, ammunition and other deathly weapons to use against the Iraqi people, government instillations, and military troops, thus, this could prove to be more dangerous as prior to some months it killed many innocent Iraqi civilians. Moreover, in line with the same mishaps having taken place, Mosul Mayor Athier Nujaifi told the media that “Al Qaeda-linked insurgents who overran large parts of the north of the country earlier this week also seized about $450 million during a bank heist.
He further said “this makes the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) the world’s richest terrorist group”. So, given the fact that now it holds the status of the world’s richest Islamist Jihadist group this might prove to be very much dangerous both for the civilized and peace-promoting western countries and the minorities and denominations within Iraq and Syria and other adjoining areas as well as those who have some affiliation with other denominational sects will markedly fall a victim to this Jihad sentimental group.
On other side, though being a Jihadist armed group running under the banner of Islam, the ISIS has taken a shameful act to steal the money of non-moslems to enhance its sustainability under the name of Islam and its sacred order for Jihad. In true terms, this jihadist group has transgressed all the Islamic limitations for appropriate Jihad and its misinterpretation led it to the rules against the jurisprudence of Islamic sovereignty. Though, In Islamic orders, Jihad is imputed to and it is incumbent upon every Sunni Muslim to execute, but to steal money to strengthen its number of weapons and other things of a real Islamist Jihadist movement, is not welcomed by Islam because for doing Jihad one has got to be mentally, physically and by soul pure and must refrain from the illegal activities or don’ts that are contrary to Islamic rules and regulations.
A research study regarding an international railway project linking Pakistan with China’s Xinjiang province through Azad Jammu and Kashmir has been commissioned by China, according to a Times of India and China Daily report.
The rail link funded primarily by China would connect Xinjiang’s western city Kashgar to the Gwadar deep sea port of Pakistan, said state-run China Daily while quoting the director of Xinjiang’s regional development and reform commission, Zhang Chunlin on the subject.
“The 1,800-km China-Pakistan railway is planned to also pass through Pakistan’s capital of Islamabad and Karachi,” Zhang had said at the two-day International Seminar on the Silk Road Economic Belt being held in Urumqi, Xinjiang’s capital.
Due to geo-strategic implications the project would be hard to proceed with, as it would be a requisite for the rail project to run through the Pamir Plateau and Karakoram Mountains. Although once completed it would emerge as one of the most strategically beneficial transportation infrastructures on the China-Pakistan economic corridor, opined Zhang.
“Although the cost of constructing the railway is expected to be high due to the hostile environment and complicated geographic conditions, the study of the project has already been started,” he added.
President Xi Jinping had also spoken in favour of rejuvenating conventional trade routes connecting China, Central Asia and Europe.
A multi-billion deal has already been signed to initiate work on an Economic Corridor linking Kashgar with the port city of Gwadar through AJK. It also implied revamping the already in place Karakoram road link despite the cynicism expressed by political analysts in China.
The project exhibits tremendous potential as it would enable China to run a port alongside Gulf of Oman which is deemed to be a hub for activities relating to oil tankers.
India however has objected to the project citing concerns that the said route would involve a disputed territory. Pakistan had given the operational key of the port city of Gwadar to Beijing back in 2013, a move deeply detested by India as it alleged it could provide a chance to China to monitor its port activities.
After the attack on Karachi Jinnah International Airport Pakistan is now dealing the militants with an iron hand by launching a ground operation in North Wiziristan.
Bolan Voice Report
The shocking attacks of Islamist militants on Jinnah International Airport in Karachi on 8 June 2014, approximately as according to media sources 10 militants armed with automatic weapons, a rocket launcher, suicide vests, and grenades entered through the old terminal for a planned attack but fortunately, given the number of the ASF security forces in the airport area, the militants were dealt with an iron hand and their plans at least resulted in dud at the hands of security forces. Soon after the attack, the Rangers arrived and cordoned off the airport area quickly. Firing and blasts continued for some hours and mourning started from the public side given the scheduled arrivals and departures of planes and their passengers in the airport area during the fatal attacks, from masses side some 36 people were killed, including all 10 attackers, and at least 18 were wounded.
Soon after the attack on Airport having taken place, resultantly, Pakistan has taken military measures by launching a ground operation in North Waziristan as the TTP claimed responsibility for the attack. So far as the proposed attackers are concerned so they were foreigners of Uzbek origin who belonged to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), an Al Qaeda-linked militant organization that works closely with TTP. According to TTP, it said that the attack was a joint operation they executed with the IMU, who independently admitted to having supplied personnel for the attack.
Now, given the fatal assault on the international airport of Pakistan, it culminated in Operation Zarb-e-Azb, a comprehensive Pakistan Armed Forces operation against militants in North Waziristan and now they are dealing them with an iron hand as an eye for an eye language.
On the other hand, in North Waziristan there are many people who have been displaced, according to the provided statistics the government has so far registered 435,429 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) affected due to the ongoing operation in North Waziristan with the help of the National Database Registration Authority (NADRA). Moreover, stating the government registered 35,381 families including 114,596 males, 137,301 females and 183,532 children, number of IDPs increasing with each passing day. And now there are facing also many problems as they are keeping fast in camps in the holy month of Ramadan and as the operation was launched on June 15, the military operation Zarb-e-Azb against militants in the troubled North Waziristan agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) that resulted in a temporary migration and relocation of the displaced persons from the area of operation to safer locations.
Moreover, adding that Consistent to the earlier instructions, the government assigned the task to the Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (SAFRON) to make necessary rehabilitation arrangement of IDPs. However, this time the government decided to engage the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) too in the process which is in line with the mandate of the organization. Upon instructions the NDMA now engaged with the ministry of SAFRON, Federally Administrative Tribal Areas Disaster Management Authority, Provincial Disaster Management Authority of Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa, Pakistan Army, Civil Administration and other partners to coordinate and implement the plan for efficient management of all IDPs’ issues.
The NDMA team, led by Member Operations NDMA, Brig Mirza Kamran Zia has already been deployed in district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa to monitor and facilitate the present status of IDPs situation and ensure provision of effective and timely relief assistance to the IDPs within and outside camps. So far a total of 34,625 families have crossed over from North Waziristan areas of operation and have been registered in Bannu. About 1100 families have arrived in DI Khan and 480 in Lakki Marwat district.
The relief camps were immediately established at the onset of operation. The main IDPs camp has been established in BakaKhel, Union Council in district Bannu of KP. Unfortunately not many people have opted to live in the camp and the bulk preferred to live with their relatives and host communities as per past practice.
The team, along with senior civil and military officials, monitored IDPs camp management to ensure that people are facilitated with all necessary apparatus and arrangements. The relief camps have been provided with all necessary facilities including provision of shelter, health, hygiene, latrines, cooked food, electricity and mosque. Food and financial assistance is being rendered to the affected people at the time of registration at check points. The NADRA mobile registration points have been put in place at the check points too. Polio vaccination of entire displaced population and health checkup of those in need is also being ensured at check posts.
Furthermore, free transport has been arranged for daily evacuations to bring the IDPs to relief camps.
There are efforts to expand the camps and make additional arrangements to facilitate all those IDPs who wish to live and return in the camp. In this connection a field hospital is also being setup jointly by the army and civil administration to meet the additional demand due to influx of 45,000 IDPs in to the area. Food and cash distribution for the affected population is also being done in the area. The WFP has also established a food point in the area, with the approval of federal government and their assistance is being largely appreciated. The NDMA has handed over additional 2,000 tents to the FDMA for further distribution among the IDPs. All planning and execution for this humanitarian effort is being done jointly by the NDMA, FDMA, PDMA KP, Pakistan Army and civil administration. A formation of the Pakistan army has been tasked exclusively to support the civil administration to ensure smooth and efficient execution of this onerous task. The government, the armed forces and all the concerned departments and agencies as well as humanitarian partners are putting in their diligent efforts to mitigate the sufferings of displaced people.
Given the huge availability of many working organizations, the main crux and the problem of the IDPs is their basic facilities that should be ensured on quick basis given the currently going Ramadan month as they are currently facing many problems, on the other hand, the operation is going on and Air forces are also taking part in that it should be also greatly taken into account that the masses’ lives should be ensured to be kept secure from any casualties by the attacks either from the militants’ or military side given their current status as IDPs, therefore, it is very obligatory for the government to keep account of every current welfare organization to order as well as put pressure on them to work seriously for those IDPs because this time is one of critical juncture of our people.
By Ahmed Khan
In 80s’ era American CIA got muster criminals of the world in Pakistan and the FATA area was allocated to them for training base with sanctuary, too. The Arabs and Africans were sub-ordinated to Usama Bin Landin, who was also associated with CIA in early days of Jihad in Afghanistan.
The colonel Imam trained more than 80000 warriors to fight them against soviet. At that time the Islamic parties, like Jamal-e-Islami, Jamiat-F and others were also assisting America and Pakistani secret agencies to hire Mujahidin and recruited religious infuriated voluntaries. The said Islamic parties and orthodox decreed Afghan war as holy war “Jihad” against Soviet Union.
The time changes its facets. Soviet Union step-backed from Afghanistan due to defects in its political structure and granted autonomous to other states which were part of socialist federation of USSR. The Mujahidins occupied Afghanistan and were renamed with Taliban by approval of that time Prime Minister of Pakistan Ms. Benazir Bhutto.
The international situations turned its side and got averse to Taliban and former CIA personnel Usama Bin Ladin. When America changed position, so Pakistan also spontaneously became foe of Taliban ostensibly but in core the realities were some different on Pakistani side.
In 2002, America by help of NATO and Northern Alliance had overran on Afghanistan, eventually toppled the Taliban government in Kabul. At that occasion Pakistan had provided logistics and intelligence support the United States to win the Dollars and other hand secretly used Jamiat Ullema-e-Islam and Jamiat Islami to oppose US in region. When American forces invaded Afghanistan, then JUI-F blocked all road and rail channels in Balochistan. The Quetta was jammed by infuriated workers of discussed right wing party. Afterward the militant organizations have been carrying-out attacks on NATO supplying vehicles which are using the rout of Balochistan and KPK. The militant torched and robbed thousands of NATO containers but amazingly the culprits never were arrested and that is a mystery.
Recently, the American senior journalist after thorough research wrote a book “The Wrong Enemy”, in that she mentioned the Musharraf pushed America in the marsh of Afghanistan but secretly ever patronized the Islamic militants. The real enemy is Pakistan and US must recognize and stop all aid whether it is military or civil.
It’s amazing the Jamiat was an ally party of Musharraf that time ruler at National Assembly, but on the roads same party workers were protesting violently against NATO and America.
After 2006, the Baloch insurgency got intensified due to the assassination of eminent tribal leader Akbar Khan Bugti that catalyzed the Baloch insurgency and it has inflicted state machinery in great loss, so the Islamic elements got together and dubbed with ‘Pakistan Defa Council’, which held about three rallies in a month against NATO supply line but they were intimidating the Baloch in their statements and speeches to handful of people’s assembly. These elements were staunch supporter of Taliban in series of Islam.
Today situations totally turned in opposite direction that state doesn’t need these Taliban at all, and an operation “Zarb-e-Azb” has been launched to eliminate them. Here it is astonishing that Islamic parties and alliances are fully quite, there is no voice for Mujahidin and Taliban those were the hero of these Islamic inclined people.
This impels to think that discussed Islamic parties are being used by someone or their remote is with federation of Pakistan that on any advantageous period uses Islamic notions and in aversive situations by these Islamic parties declares the Mujahid or Taliban wrongful who were hero of yesterday. Same Islamic parties also mostly used to provoke the masses for fight or Jihad when federation is required on a time. If anyone defies the federation for the true spirit of Islam, probably they are deprived of seats and wealth, possible faces more dire consequences.
By Dr Naeem Baloch, Mastung
When exam arrives, students become extremely worried and make plans how to study, how to perform better and get good marks. Some students find exams so difficult that the phobia makes them sick.
LOVE YOUR STUDIES:
Attitude of a student contributes a lot in the examination. Negative attitude of a student towards education affects his academic performance in the examination badly while the regular and hardworking students make good in examination. So thinking the studies as boring, hard and dull will increase the problems in learning process. That is why we should love our studies the way we love Facebook, games etc.
GAME AND SPORTS:
Parents should supervise their school going children’s activities but it should be clear that excessive restrictions especially during exams affect the results of students and make them rebellious and dull. Students need breaks during studies to refresh themselves and it is possible through games and sports. So we should not eliminate our relaxing activities such as playing games and watching T.V programs from our daily schedule because these are as important as our studies.
SOME HELPFUL TIPS:
We should seek teacher’s advice on how to study in a better way for examinations
* Planning of Study Timings.
* Take exercise, walk and play game to get refreshed.
* Practice old question papers to give you an idea of the pattern followed by teachers
* Develop self-confidence with the thinking that nobody could do better than me but avoid over confidence as it may affect your future career.
SPECIAL TIPS ON EXAM DAY:
* Have a healthy breakfast
* Do the final revision of important topics
* Get engaged in positive self-talking
* Never revise at the last moment
IN EXAMINATION HALL:
* Organize everything you have i.e. pen, pencil etc.
* Plan out timings during examination
* Not to start the paper soon after getting it from examiner. Start the paper from the question you know the best. The best way to success is to face what comes our way and counter all difficulties with a smiling face. We will surely come out as winners.
There can be no two opinions about the veracity of the statement that the Modern Age is the age of science. Science undoubtedly has revolutionized the world. Everyday there are new inventions, may that be in medicine, electronics, space sciences, nuclear technology and so on. Everything that modern man is using in this contemporary age has been given to him by the scientific advancement. He cannot live without science even for a single day. Science has given eyes to the blind, ears to the deaf and limbs to the crippled. It has made man fly in the sky like birds, swim in the water like fish. It has achieved wonders and thus has brought about irreparable changes in the world. Science, however, is remarked both as a blessing as well as a curse. Apart from bringing uncountable blessings in the lives of human beings, it also has turned out to be course and has resulted into human sufferings which have now assumed horrible magnitudes and are beyond human control. It is said that modern civilization is a scientific civilization. It is true as far as the material aspects of civilization are concerned; man lives in great comfort today. He enjoys cinema, radio and television. He can talk with his friends thousands of miles away from by telephone. Science has increased human comfort and lessened human drudgery. He has no longer to travel on foot. He can travel comfortably without any fatigue in cars, air-conditioned trains, buses, etc. He has no longer to bear the hardships of weather. In summer, he can cool his house by electric cooler and in winter, get heat by electric heaters. Day and night make no difference to him, for night can turn into day by electric lights.
He does not work hard like his forefathers. He does not follow barbarous practice of having slaves. Science has given him slaves of a new kind, which do all work for him. Machines are the slaves of modern scientific civilization. These slaves do all the work for him while he himself lives like a lord. They cook his food for him and even serve it to him. They manufacture everything that he uses from morning till night. They plough fields for him, sow seeds and reap crops for him. Human pain and suffering have been lessened by science. Modern civilized man has not to suffer like his forefathers. Many diseases have been eliminated or have become curable, and surgeries can be performed without inflicting pain to the patients. Many wonderful drugs have been discovered and man’s life on this earth has become longer and happier. Man lives in comfort like the lord and master of nature. He has conquered even outer space, mastered weather and all other living creatures.
But there is another side also to this picture. Science affects only the material aspects and makes man materialistic. Radio, television, cinema and costly furniture and dresses are all symbols of this artificial civilization. But civilization has material as well as spiritual elements. Science helps only the growth of the material aspects and has no influence on the spiritual element. Science has made man morally bankrupt. It has degraded him. He is no longer inspired by noble ideas. He thinks only of the body and not the soul. Science has created distance between man and religion. He has lost faith in God. He is no longer truth-loving and self-sacrificing. In order to satisfy his wants and desires, he uses dishonest means. By hook or by crook, he wants to possess the luxuries provided to him by science. No moral considerations influence his actions or his thoughts.
Art and literature are also essential aspects of civilization, but science does nothing to promote them. Rather it has an adverse effect on the growth of art. There is inherent opposition between art and science. Science is utility, observation and experiment, reason and good sense, while art is the worship of beauty. It is an inspiration. Science has killed the artistic sense of man and has made him a worshipper of worldly wealth. He now dissects and kills objects of nature instead of enjoying their beauty. To quote from poet William Wordsworth, man now murders to dissect, and perhaps he would botanize even on his mother’s grave. His emotions and passions have all dried up and he has become a monster guided by reason alone.
No doubt science has given man the powers used to be attributed to the mythological gods alone, but it has not increased his wisdom or his morality. It has given him weapons. It has given him machines, but machines are now becoming his masters. Man today does not know when to save and when to kill. He has got the atomic energy but he does not know how to use it for his own good and wellbeing. In this way, science has brought human civilization to the verge of disaster.
Much has been said and talked about the importance of science and technology. However, as the saying goes, every rose has its thorns. Science also has added to the human sufferings owing to the adverse impacts it has on the environment. Environmental issues are the biggest concerns the planet earth is facing, let that be in the form of global warming, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes etc. Moreover, no doubt, medical science is no less than a blessing to mankind. Medicines produced all over the world are perceived to be a foolproof cure to a person’s illness. However, there is some negativity associated with medical science too. Today, excessive consumption of drugs can lead to death. Moreover, incorrect dosage may lead to fatal maladies. Where medical science has advanced to an unbelievable extent, it carries with itself perils of all kinds, and just a slight ignorance may prove to be a matter of life and death.
Technology has provided ease of all kinds to man. However, it has made us too busy to even see our loved ones in person. Technology might have made our daily life easier, but it has rendered health issues as well. Tremendous reliance and dependence on electronic gadgets, appliances, and most importantly, computer technology has made human life so lethargic that people are experiencing old age much before they actually grow old. With almost zero physical activity, science might have proved its mettle as an amazingly efficient service to its users, but has got the world adversely hooked to it! Technology can actually harm society if one becomes addict. Competition between companies or even cities can sometimes make our lives even worse. When a city builds more roads to attract tourists, the result is more traffic load. Even things we take for granted such as the automobile have negative effect on us. Because the automobiles cause pollution and that can surely harm us slowly. Technology is making one so busy that he can’t even find time to spend with our closed ones. It would be surprising to know that people are in contact through chat and online messaging though they are in same city, because they think it’s faster and effective but they forget that meeting personally can never replace online chatting.
There is no doubt that modern technology is the biggest revolution ever happened to the planet but it is tremendously effected human social activities and made him slave. So we must not use the modern technology to agonize, human being and be used philanthropically.
By Haq Nawaz Baloch, Pasni
In the 20th century, the Muslim world embraced modernity by accepting the concept of Nation-state system, which emerged in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. The secular nationalist’s movements fought for the right of self-determination and got independence from the colonial powers. But in 21st century, the extremist groups have rejected the concept of nation state and promoted the culture of Jihad in ideological ground. Jihadi mindset negatives the concept of modernity. Moreover in Muslim world, the madaris have played an important role in producing Islamic scholars and clerics. However, now the Madaris have become a new breeding ground for radical Islamist militants. Religious fatwa further added the sense of hatred for minorities. Less uneducated clerics openly accused and blamed any religious minorities; moreover, they misinterpret the verses of holy Quran, as the result, hatred and Jealousies feelings are occurring in every nook and corner of country. Around 10 to 15 percent of the madaris are affiliated with extremist religious outfits, which are totally bigotry kinds of religious education.
These madaris have distorted view of Islam where hatred is permissible.
After the creation of Pakistan, the number of madaris kept growing at a slow pace without any state patronage in the first three decades. During 1980s madaris system underwent a complete change. The war in Afghanistan brought from across the border millions of refugees and the radicals of the Jihadi movement. Thousands of new madaris were formed, and supported by foreign donations from rich individuals and Islamic charities, mainly from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States.
The exact number of madaris in Pakistan is unknown. However, the rough estimate ranges from 45,000. With the passage of time, the number of madris has increased. It is a fact that the rise of madaris in Pakistan not only has threatened the social, cultural, economic and political life of the country, but also weakened the Pakistani state. Due to the religious extremism, educational system of Pakistan has come to the brink of failure. Pakistan spends very little amount of its Gross National Product (GNP) on education. Government runs schools are generally horrendous. They often lack of teachers, water, electricity, latrine, and boundary and even though roof.
On the country, the rich elite class of Pakistan sends their children in expensive private schools. The poor can’t afford the private schools fees and send their children to madris which provide food, clothing and even some their children. Thus for the lower classes and refuge population, the madaris have become attractive institutions.
The madris were established in large number by Zia regime for two reasons, to win support from the religious cleric and broaden his political base for recruiting Mujahideen to wage war in Afghanistan and also gain the support of religious parties. Moreover, the dictators played a destructive role to bring religion into politics. They have used Islam for their ultimate political goals. For instance, Ayub Khan‘s modernist Islam, Zia’s theocratic Islam and Musharaf’s liberal Islam has been the continuation of the same policy prepared by the state since its formation. However, the drastic change came when Zia came to power in 1977. Religious groups supported Zia and provided him an Ideological framework, based on a particular brand of an Islamic system.
The wave of religious extremism has erupted, after the 9/11 incident in 2001. In this way particular groups whom used religion as a recognized tools against minorities as well as many sects of Islam, no doubt, these groups are directly and indirectly are supported by foreign states fought proxy war in Afghanistan, due to difference of religious Ideology. Now this war is directly fighting in Pakistan. The killing of Shia, particularly Hazara community is under a severe barbarism in this religious war in Quetta, Balochistan.
Thousand, have been killed by suicide attacks and millions have been migrated across the country. Another shocking reality is the opinion adopted by the orthodox religious scholars whom issued Fatwa against religious minorities and other sects of Islam. These actions of Ulemas diverges the perception of general mass which caused of hatred against other sects of Islam. Now, it makes high responsibility of federal as well as provincial government to create such atmosphere which would bring religious harmony in entire country. The need of hour is to reject the culture of “Religious extremism” and pave the way for a broad based consensus among various sects and religious minorities. If this fire would not be extinguished, it completely burns all the fabric of society.
Prophet (PBUH) categorically said that “All Muslims are brother and shouldn’t make any division amongst themselves in sect, creed and color.”
Another place Allah says in Baqarah, 190, “Fight in the cause of Allah though who fight you, but don’t transgress limit Allah love not transgressors limits.”
It is proudly said that today’s youngsters are tomorrow’s builders. Youth all over the world through history, has been a revolutionary force. It is the precious asset of a nation that can revive a nation going through hard time. Youth of a nation can do wonders if availed, trained, educated and informed in an optimum fashion but now-a-days the youngsters are indulged in many bad things. They are affected by various bad habits; such as stealing, smoking, drinking wine, being dishonest, not obeying the parents and many more. These young people spend major part of their time in vulgar activities and their hot topics of discussion are movies, songs, video games and so on.
In the same way today’s youngsters do not obey their parents nor do they take them seriously. This is a big issue of youngsters as they do not listen to their parents, and what I believe, this is the first step to go towards the ways. Furthermore, if we talk about boys, at least 1/3 of the young boys are drug addicts. The alarming situation we can see in our society that drugs are available every area. Firstly, the youngsters use drugs as fashion as they see the others using drugs, but later on they become addicted to it and waste their health, wealth and innocent lives.
The truth is, due to the today’s young generations, the parents are getting a lot of tension and they are suffering from lots of diseases; such as, high blood pressure, desperation, diabetes and many more. Sometimes, parents think a lot about their children and as a result they get heart diseases. On the other hand, the girls are also not better than the boys in putting the parents in trouble. They do not help their mothers in doing home chores, they do not study properly, and they are always sitting in front of TV or busy with their mobiles. The young girls smoke Hubble bubble proudly and thinking that this is symbol of being moderate, but, sad to say that these ways are harming themselves dangerously. Our talented young girls have adopted double standards as they always try to follow the foreign culture while living in a society where traditional norms are completely against that foreign culture.
We can find the youngsters saying that their parents are burdens on them since they do not allow them to do everything. In fact, they do not know the importance of them. If they knew, they would not commit certain mistakes.
Most of the population comprises the youth, it is necessary for them to keep contributing for the betterment and progress of the society like they have before. The youth is one of the biggest assets of the country and they must be fully utilized, without exposing them to any harm simultaneously. Our society will grow if the youngsters realize their responsibilities and work accordingly by leaving their vain activities behind and act for the progress of our area.
“Nobody can deny the fact that Panjgoor has been on top in educational field among the three districts of Makran since decades; be it inside Panjgoor or the other two districts of Makran i.e Gwadar and Turbat. The students of Panjgoor have been the position holders in most of the examinations of different levels, and undoubtedly, since the last nearly one and a half decade there has been a great role of private educational institutions in shape of schools and English language centers”.
It is hurting to mention that for the last one or two years the conspiracy against the private educational institutes has been in progress in many ways; such as, sometimes in shape of mobile messages, doing propaganda in different gathering and chalking on the walls etc. As the anti-education elements failed to stop the development of education in the area, they started threatening the heads and the students. What the irony is the all the private educational institutions are off for the last four months. The recent unfortunate accident by anti-education elements in Panjgoor is the alive example of enmity against the education in which the terrorists fired on a principal car leaving the students and the principal injured. Furthermore, in this accident the car of the principal was burnt. The terrorists are of the opinions that female education is against Islamic laws. No doubt, they must have forgotten the real teaching of Islam and prophet Mohammad (PBUH) in which it is mentioned that getting education is obligatory for the both – males and the females. This is unfortunate that in the other parts of Pakistan the restrictions on education has been already existing and KPK province is the biggest victim of it. An estimation says that in KPK more than 600,000 students are out of school due to militancy in the recent years. In the previous month the KPK assembly held a debate in which the education department stated that so for hundreds of school in the province have been destroyed by the militant groups. The tragedy of Panjgoor is not the only case against the education but we need to remember that before some months an English language center – Karwan English Language Center in Koshkalt was made permanently off by unknown people; likewise, DELTA in Turbat City and another Language Center were forcefully closed by the same kind of groups.
What seems that the there is a planned conspiracy against the education of Baloch-istan in which the only aim of the militants is to destroy the educational system of Balochistan. We must not forget that Balochistan lacks facilities in every field, especially Makran is very much backward in other facilities, but, the education of Makran has topped almost the all educational institutions of Balochistan.
It goes without saying that it falls to the provincial and federal governments to take strong step against the ones who are destroying the education and making the future of students dark. If this issue is not solved, the number of schools will soon start decreasing and the number of illiterate people will increase in no time. Moreover, it is also the responsibility of the people of the area to be united against the enemy since the education is the only weapon to fight the ignorance.
“Social democracy is the jugular vein for the progressive transformation of our society, indeed it is the substantive coming up with the outcome of victory, for it has been highly important for the advancement and prosperity. Because in the process of social solidarity and social democracy, one can find oneself with strong emotions towards the accurate path to the perfection of destination, in a philosophical manner. It is true that one can break a single stick easily but to break a bundle of sticks is really very difficult”.
By Adil G.M, Turbat
Well, as it is nicely quoted that where there is unity there is always victory. However, from the above quoted words it has been highly cleared that unity is the most essential for the advancement and prosperity of any societies. Because in the process of social solidarity, one can find oneself with strong emotions towards the accurate path. Apart from this, it plays a very creative role to produce inspirational thoughts for the creation of a brave society as well as it helps everyone to maintain their capabilities in all sorts of circumstances. Likewise, it is extremely important for every creature in this globe, as without having this force none can explore the actual change of life and no society can come into superior existence.
In actuality, a well-developed society is considered to be the backbone of every nation which invariably stands like a strong wall so that to protect its inhabitants, unification, boundaries and so on from its foes. Such societies have always been well trained and have rational perception in order to become organized. Most importantly, there are many nations Like Africans, Bangladeshis, etc which became united and have got what they desired for.
It is worth mentioning that once Africans had no values and respect in the eyes of others. But on the other hand, the tireless efforts of an appreciated personality, Nelson Mandela, had brought them into united Africans.
He worked with might and main to bring mutual relationship among the peoples. So, he today proved it as others did it. It has highly been proved that united nations have always kept great names in the ancient pages of the history and remained prosperous as well. It is true that one can break a single stick easily but to break a bundle of sticks is really very difficult. Doubtlessly, if we work hard collectively then we can defeat our enemies at one go. No doubt, the real identity of a nation or society can be acknowledged through mutual communication.
As a final point, it is known to everyone that unity makes a nation strong. It opens wide-ranging opportunities to create a soft moment and it helps everyone to live in peace. Consequently, it is dire need of time to help your nation and even work for the creation of an advanced society.
“Human beings are very vulnearable to diseases, whether it be a simple fever or a serious breakdown, in this current era, in Turbat there are alot of such diseases that are getting grown and the uncovered eatable things are so far conducive to them”.
Nagma Noor, Turbat
Turbat, the second biggest city of Balochistan, is too weak with its lazy shopkeepers who sell the eatable things without covering and keeping them away from the germs. The mosquitoes buzz and sit on edible materials and spread lots of diseases, as a result, they put all the customers up a gum tree. Not covering the edible things is really a hurdle for a person to live a healthy life.
The sad side of the picture is, the people of Turbat also don’t consider this an issue since they lack health awareness. The pollution is also high in Turbat and the dirt and the dust effect the uncovered eatable things. Basically, uncovered eating materials can be seen in every big or small city of Pakistan because neither the shopkeepers selling the things think about it nor the people who buy these things. If we take about the role of government, it seems that as if this all is happening on the dictation of the government or it is totally unaware of it.
Moreover, It looks too ridiculous the TV channels highlight many problems of this country but unfortunately, the second day the same situation can be seen. Such as, the ARY’s program “Sar-e-aam” has shown the people that how the so-called food companies prepare the things with the name of high quality brand and loot the people, but no action has been taken so for.
Surprisingly, most of the customers buy those things which are openly kept on the pushcarts with uncountable flies and different kinds of dust. So for I am totally failed to understand that why the people do so? A possible reason can be the low price, but I am shocked that the people buy the cheap things for eating and then much of their money they spend on their health.
What I think people lack the awareness about the prevention of their health. The people need to be educated to know something about their health, otherwise, they will never stop playing with their health all the time.
It is a humble request to the shopkeeper to cover the eatables and keep them fresh so that they can help a healthy society to develop. I also appeal to the customers to keep away from the uncovered materials for the sake of their families. I urge the government to keep eyes on this issue and take strong step to cope with this problem. If we all think of this as a serious issue, soon we will be able to make a certain environment where everybody can breathe freely with a healthy life and a strong brain.
Let’s pledge to make our environment clean and tidy so that we can be able to live a happy life and let our coming generations have rosy and disease free future.
By Shamsher Jamaldani
“Devoted writers are, indeed, more than reformers who come up both social and national remedies for a better transformation of ours lives even by writing using their invaluable blood, among such devoted writers, Khashwat Singh, is one of them.”
Khashwat, no doubt, is a living legend of Indian literature, which has contributed enthusiastically with a transparent zeal and contributing as well. Similarly he had also lighliged the atrocities of imperials through media. Originally, Khashwat Singh belonged to Lahore and was likely to get his elementary education from there.
Later on, he acquired his higher education from Chiefs College and temple London.
After completion of education he served as an advocate in Lahore high court. Meanwhile, the partition took place. He was appointed as an Indian foreign Minister soon after that, the assumed ambassadorial responsibilities in London and Canada. He had also represented India in Unisco Paris. Despite these Civil services his creative efficiencies forced him to discover new ideas and new perception subsequently, Khashwat adhered to “All India Radio” then he promoted Literature is the line of his Journalistic services. Mean line, he wrote the History of Sikhs and became a popular writer. He contributed generously to Indian literature till his death.
But regret to hear the sudden demise of Khashwat Sigh, the well-known Indian journalist and writer, India has lost a writer of great perception and skills with his sharp writing, he exposed the many foibles in the Indian political and social system. He wrote very simple prose. In an easy to ready style but made strong points, this appealed to a wide range readers across educational levels he wrote for the educated elite.
He was a doyen of good writing and legend in his own lifetime. Apart from educating millions with his lacisive writings, he also trained and developed many generations of writer and Journalist a truly lasting contribution. In addition to that, He was also a fearless man, he incurred the wrath of the journalistic community in India by supporting Mrs Indira Gandhi’s energy in 1956, because thought, he would improve the country.
However, he returned the honors given to him by the government, when Mrs Gandhi authorized the Military operation in the Golden temple in 1984. During his editorship of the “illustrated weekly if India, is the late 1960, the sales of the Magazine zoomed to an all-time high, from 60,000 to 450,000 and readers books forward to every issue every weak.
A very simple man in formal and informal occasion. He replied to every letter he received personally. Above all, he set up to sum up with the point that Khustwat would be remembered as sublime relics of hasting. He would certainly be last up in the glinting pages as much as this would exist.
BySajid Ahmed Baloch
“The jurisprudence of law is quite related to three tangiblilities, culture, religion and philosophy, these three are the most prominent parts of law and they make up a chain of abiding rules and regulations, as T.E. Hold put it so correctly that” law can be defined as a general rule of external human action enforce by sovereign political authority”.
The word law which is derived from German word “lag” that was created by the perception of personalities in universe even though it is also made by nature that Allah has given to us in this world and still is giving. Beside this, regulation is the massive source of government which plays a supreme role in state namely society, association, aggregation, community etc. is a mega need for people. It is a fact that law that passes out prosperity and satisfaction as well as happiness of every country is made by researching of three golden words.
1) Culture; It is true that the culture is the existence of a nation and it can identify a nation in a country. In fact every nation has its own culture and every nation has its own identification in the world therefore, the creators did the considerations and experiments of making it with different instruments of culture. In addition, the apparatus of culture which were related in regulation were more momentous for people to make law with their contribution
2) Religion; Indeed the religion was seen by them and they made a break for it was obligatory too in this world and most of them were concentrated and observed on religion for the existence of law and the condition of the globe researched to make regulation for advantageous of human beings was made by religion as well as politico-religion.
3) Philosophy; Furthermore, the philosophy about which philosophers studied and explored the things or employments for making law in the world since they had known that the “term” law uses for rulers and regulation enforced by state and philosophers who had more experiences and expectations for bringing the existence of law in this universe was needed for people to spend a better life.
In addition to that, It must be remembered that what is its definition as T.E. Hold said that” law can be defined as a general rule of external human action enforced by sovereign political authority” and it is read that the rulers that state and sovereignty have to play a major role for the issues of everything in a country is called law.
It is necessary to know that the country which has many provinces is to be responsible to rule on people in a particular way and passing out the rights of poor people is the responsibility of state to use its perception and ideas on them. Finally, the regulation a need for every person which can bring happiness and freedom of human life is as compulsory as we want.
By Shamsher Jamaldini
“Arguably the sad part is that any institution affiliated with the minerals-affluent province Balochistan immediately brings negative association of losses laid-back attitudes and laws at the mercy of those who yield the power over the coveted seats and its constant corrupt status of governance puts it further more in a regressive crippled state in all senses, though, ours is a proud Muslim country but still governance like Hazrat Umar is a far-fetched reality in the eyes of the government, where-as we have ideals in Islam whom were the best of governors like Hazrat Umar whose high standard of good governance can be ascertained by his following saying, “Umar will be held accountable by Almighty on the day of Judgment even if a dog is died if thirst on the bank of Euphrates. And these days, we lack such scrupulous governors though being Muslims”.
Institutional decay is the root cause of lack of governance and poor performance in most institutions run by government. A change of government and face is not going to result in reforming institutions that have been constantly invaded and intruded by rent-seeking individuals, where total lutelligence and allegiance is directed towards making the rules of business benefit a few at the expense of the masses. In addition to that, the sad part is that any institution whose name starts with Balochistan immediately brings negative association of losses laid-back attitudes and laws at the mercy of those who yield the power over the coveted seats.
No doubt the government of Balochistan is always constituted on the direction of establishment. It is aptly said that establishment has never been sincere with Balochistan. That is why Tutak like scandals have become common of the day. Which is result of the atrocities of establishment. It is also interesting that media always draw the attention towards such situation but government no heed.
Actually Balochistan is in the grip of worse cruel rulers. Subsequently, daily a new event takes place. Owing to bad governance, in 2010 and 2012, the blood caused a great deterioration. Similarly law and order is disastrous which can’t be controlled by security forces. Kidnapping for ransom Dacoit, plundering and violence on poor people is rife. Meantime the same government is responsible for the destruction of education. Despite long claims, the government could not have improved it yet. Keeping in view the worse ruling, the writ of law and government is not seen anywhere, whether it be from traffic system to Municipal corporation or be fairs of public transport to encroachment upon government lands and plots.
As long as the heads of institutions are appointed and fined by the men in power, no institution can be called independent and autonomous. This is the reason for a complete lack of governance in most institutions. More than 20 institutions are headless and being run by people personally approved by the big wigs.
As for their careers, the evidence so far suggests sadly that (MPA, MNA) they have teamed all the departments with the relatives. Therefore neither there is someone to ask them nor are they prepared to do any task. Owing to the Recruitment of ineligible and recommended officers 70% budget is not being spent properly. Bureaucrats have no efficiencies to use the budget. It is tragic that due to non-development work every man is ailing.
Likewise, government has closed her eyes heinous crimes dazzled her eyes in rampant corruption. Therefore there is pile of crises everywhere. Which cab explodes with big bang in near future? No doubt several people are observing the government of Balochistan. So the first and foremost point is that the government should be autonomous under the transparent election nepotism should be abolished honest and educated people ought to run the government. So the Balochistan could usher unto a new era of progress and prosperity. Simply the government of Balochistan should be exemplary as that of Hazrat Umar was.
Hazrat Umar (R.A) who had set up high standard of good governance which can be ascertained by his following saying, “Umar will be held accountable by Almighty on the day of Judgment even if a dog is died if thirst on the bank of Euphrates”. Obviously we need such sophisticated leader who would act like Hazrat Umar. Then automatically justice, equality and peaceful atmosphere prevail in every corner and crony of Balochistan.
By Akram Jamaldini
It was the era when the sardars, the best representatives of the people were compelled through gold and tactics to take side with the alien rulers against the interests of their masses. The jirga system was entirely corrupted and manipulated. Meanwhile two young brothers appeared in the battlefield of politics. Despite being the sons of sardar khan Jan khan jamaldini, strongly attacked sardari system. No doubt, they played the role of Wright brothers. As they took baloch nation from earth to sky by dint of education. Similarly their politics was no less than miracle. They drew a clear wedge between the people and their sardars, who had become the paid agents of British masters. After performing this glamorous task, both brothers became popular and trust worthy among baloch.
But here my article illustrates the meritorious services of Professor Abdullah Jan Jamaldini. He is a scholar historian, journalist, linguist, educationalist and archeologist. He has been sharp, brilliant, multitalented and competent since his childhood. He dominated nearly all aspects of life. He created overwhelming awareness in baloch nation through education. His egalitarian teachings influenced social and political life throughout eastern and western Baloches.
In addition to serving on the editorial board of several nationalists newspapers, he has been one of the founders of the communist party of Balochistan. He converged Baloch movement toward socialism. For the baloch cause he rendered countless sacrifices. Even he resigned from his job as a tehsildar and later on from Agricultural officer in order to actively join the baloch nationalist movement. He was to spend much of his life in prison due to his political conviction.
Actually, Mama Jamaldini is an upright gentleman, who had long before established his credentials as a paramount Figure of distinction, independence and character. He has a reputation of being a charming personality. He is a fascinating conversationalist.
During his political career, he was apprehensive about the future of nation, so in first 60’s, this small hand of valiant man in clinched himself with a long struggle of NAP. He pledged his life, his fortune and his sacred honor not only to find a nation, but to forge an ideal of freedom – not only for political independence, but for personal liberty – not only to eliminate the rule of others, but to establish the rule of justice in the affairs of men. His politics was based on socialism as mentioned above. He tried to put his philosophy in practice and pioneered “Balochi Zuban-e-diwan”, so the totality of his specialization embarks upon a large role by the well-wishers to regulate a sublime summit for the eternal integrity of the nation.
He has been an ambitious writer. The contents of his books mostly reflect the values of instinct in individual to sharpen their mental faculties and develop them fully. His writing is engrossed more and more in the development of social reforms of baloch people as a nation. He perceived the importance of using his mother tongue as a literary one. He even termed the official language and script of Balochistan, the lingua franca of its people, is Balochi. He worked at setting up a standard Balochi language.
Apart from this, he was strongly inspired by the political upheavals in turkey and Russia as well as the anti-colonial movement in British India. Meanwhile, baloch nationalist movement got under way. So he wanted to promote baloch national movement on scientific basis. Consequently, he organized a circle named as “Balochistan Sunday party”, which lit up as a beam of magnificence and glory for the greatest cause of the nation. No doubt, he has been a source of encouragement for the writers. He had the intellectual make up of a true writer and his entire thinking was colored with a deep sense of obligation to incorruptibility, love and patriotism. He viewed political and social problem in the light of his composition.
Above all, Mama Jamaldini is an institute in him. He dedicated his entire life to the Balochi cause. He also played the role of stimulus in Balochi literature. That is why; he has been knighted for his literary achievements and became known as Baba-e-Balochistan. All Baloch owe him a great debt of gratitude because he has been the first one to initiate Balochi Department in UOB.
To sum up, he is the real well-wisher and booster of Balochi literature.
With an aim to improve key social indicators, the Balochistan government claims to have given top priority to the education and health sectors in the financial budget for the year 2014-15.
Mir Khalid Langove, finance adviser to the Balochistan chief minister, presented in the provincial assembly on Thursday evening a deficit budget with total volume of over Rs215billion, as compared to Rs198.395bn total outlay for last year’s budget. The Balochistan government has decided to establish two universities and 14 new colleges, and upgrade 200 primary schools to middle schools to impart quality education to students. “The government has allocated a substantial amount for repair of impoverished schools across the province,” said Langove. He said that a cadet college would be established at the Chaman border-town at the cost of Rs1 billion. Universities would be established at Gwadar, Turbat and Loralai areas to ensure access to higher education to students in their own areas, he said.
Regarding the health sector, Langove said that 70 vaccination centers would be set up across the province and Rs1billion were allocated for the purchase of equipment for government-run hospitals. Similarly, Rs1.24 billion’s have been allocated for the provision of free medicine to patients across Balochistan. “Now Balochistan can be called a polio-free province,” Langove said while referring to poliovirus. With regard to law and order, he told the house that 27 per cent budget for law and order was increased and that the government had decided to impart modern training to police. He said the provincial government had allocated more than RS17bn for law and order, up from Rs16 billion. Similarly, the coalition government has also decided to increase compensation for the victims of terrorism from Rs2 million to Rs4 million. For the promotion of the agriculture sector, he said Rs6.35 million were allocated whereas Rs3 billion were allocated for the purchase of 200 new bulldozers in the province.
In an effort to improve governance, the Balochistan government has also banned the purchase of luxury vehicles as well as visits of legislators and bureaucrats to foreign countries through government funds. Despite the financial constraints and backwardness of the province, the government has increased the non-development expenditures from Rs154 billion to Rs164 billion. However, the government increased the funds for the public sector development program from last year’s Rs43.913 billion to Rs50.742 billion this year. Last year’s infighting among the coalition partners over attractive portfolios caused a six-month delay in the formation of the cabinet in Balochistan. The provincial government could not complete the development projects owing to delayed formation of the cabinet. “Government could not use more than Rs2 billion for development projects,” a well-placed source in the Balochistan government told Dawn. Moreover, Chief Minister Balochistan Dr Malik Baloch told Dawn.com that the funds would not lapse and a mechanism was prepared to re-use it upon completion of ongoing projects. The government also increased the salaries and pensions of government employees by 10 per cent. (Courtesy to Dawn)
58% government schools in Baluchistan operate with only one teacher: ILM-O-AGAHI
Quetta, PK – 26 June 2014 –”The post 18th amendment devolution made education a provincial subject. Forcing provinces to take charge and be responsible to improve the state of education for their citizens. However, the capacity to deliver still lags behind as compared to the current situation and challenges.
“The need to restructure and build capacity of provincial education departments is at alarming situation. Baluchistan is the most neglected province on education, it continues to deteriorate not only in terms of physical infrastructure but also human capital as well”, this was the consensus at editors’ round table meeting organized by ILM-O-AGAHI today. A number of senior journalists, bureau-chiefs and editors from leading national and regional newspapers, radio broadcasters and television channels participated in the roundtable.
The round table was organized by Mishal Pakistan in collaboration with Ilm Ideas. Earlier in the day a training workshop on education journalism was also organized and attended by more than 30 journalists reporting on education from various news organizations.
Addressing the participants, Mubashir Zaidi, senior journalist and the lead trainer for the education journalism workshop said, doing good journalism stories are crucial but both journalists and policy makers should start using data on education to improve the state of education in Baluchistan. Journalists identify community’s needs and can play a key role in setting the priorities of governments.
While sharing his views, LM-o-AGAHI program manager, Asif Farooqui said, the Pakistani media lacks a framework to appreciate quality journalism on education, he further briefed that this year the AGAHI Awards will have special categories on education.
According to Alif Ailaan’s Pakistan District Education Rankings 2014, Baluchistan ranks lowest in education ranking among provinces and territories. There is an alarming situation of shortage of teachers in the province. 58% of the total government primary schools operate with only one teacher. The report also reveals that 62% girls between the ages 5-16 years are out of school in Baluchistan.
The objective of ILM-O-AGAHI initiative is to improve accountability and media coverage of priority education issues and build consensus on education policies by engaging various stakeholders, including media and policy makers.
Through the ILM-O-AGAHI initiative, 18 education journalism workshops have been held across Pakistan in the last two months. In each workshop, more than 30 education reporters participated in daylong sessions. These workshops were aimed to engage the journalists reporting on education. The journalists participated in these workshops through interactive sessions, role playing exercises and peer review of their news content development skills.
Mishal Pakistan is the artner institute of the Center for International Media Ethics and the Global Competitiveness and Benchmarking Networks of the World Economic Forum. Mishal assists the forum in creating soft-data on Pakistan, identifying Pakistan’s competitiveness challenges including primary health & education and higher education.
By Akhtar Ashraf, Turbat
“Shocking is the fact that under the poverty line, being a third-world-country, In Pakistan, child labor is on its swift rise owing to various and multiple reasons uncovered, esp. the poverty side of the story of its citizens contributes to child labor, resultantly, children are disproportionately falling victims to this inhuman curse in the country where-as according to a report 40 million children are in trapped in child labor in Pakistan. Two million and four hundred (appr. 73%) of them were said to be boys. However, Pakistan is the second largest out-of-school population in the world with 7.26 million children without the provision of education”.
In Pakistan, child labor is day by day getting increased and the children are disproportionately falling victims to child labor due to multiple reasons uncovered. The children who are in the age of 10 to 16, are working in Factories, Agricultural Farms, Shops and Hotels for completion also due to poverty parents send their children for working with the view of earning some money. Beyond the shadow of doubt the gruesome issue is not only preventing children from getting education but also undermining the lives of whom are not getting any assistance by the civil and governmental authorities concerned with the aim of eradication of child labor in the country so far have failed to resolve this issues, and on daily basis due to the additional increase in poverty provided the huge destitution of employment in the hook and cranny of the country.
In addition, the large numbers of children are domestic workers who are almost 10 to 16 while thousands more even younger than the age of 10 and most of these young servants are girls who work in homes for cooking, cleaning, taking care of children, fetching water and all most for all of the other domestic chores. Consequently, these children are often subjected to physical, psychological and sexual violence by their bosses.
Misfortunately, the responsible authorities are not willing to explore the avenues. According to a report 40 million children are entrapped in child labor in Pakistan. Two million and four hundreds (73%) of them were said to be boys. However, according to a report that Pakistan is the second largest out of school population in the world with 7.26 million children are out of school due to poverty. As a last resort, it is the duty of government to provide education to all the citizens and solve this critical issue before very long.
The HUB of the Solar System is the Sun. Around it orbit nine planets and their moons, along with a swarm of asteroids (also known as minor planets) and smaller pieces of debris. The sun contains about 99.9 percent of the Solar.
The Sun and Planets
The Solar System is orbiting the center of the Galaxy. At the same time, the planets are in orbit around the Sun, all moving counter clock wise as viewed from over the sun’s North Pole. Each planer also spins in its own axis of rotation. The four innermost planets- Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars- are small, rocky bodies, sometimes known as the terrestrial planets-Mercury Venus, Earth, and Mars are small, rocky bodies, sometimes as known as the terrestrial planets. Beyond Mars is the asteroid belt and then the gas giants: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, so called because they are much larger than the Earth and consist mostly of hydrogen and helium. All four have ring system and numerous moons. Pluto is a small, frozen oddity, which for part of its orbit is closer to the Sun then Neptune is. The planets are thought to have formed Sun about 4.6 billion years ago. Astronomers have found evidence that planets exist around other stars, too.
Orbit of the Inner Planets
The Earth is the largest of the four rocky inner plants. Mercury and Venus, which orbit between the Sun and Earth, are known as inferior plants.
Observing the Planets
The orbits of the Earth and other planets are in much the same plane. As result, the planets in much the same plane. As a result, the planets stay close to an imaginary line called the ecliptic that represents the Sun’s apparent path across the sky over the course of a year. Inferior plants (Mercury and Venus) are always close to the Sun in the sky, appearing before dawn or after sunset, but never in a truly dark sky. Five planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. They can be identified by watching their movement from night to night against the backdrop of seemingly fixed stars, noting how they disturb the shapes of the constellations. The outermost planers are harder to see: Uranus and Neptune can be found with binoculars, but Pluto can be seen only with a telescope.
Opposition and Conjunction
The ease with which most planets can be seen depends on their position in relation to the Sun and Earth. The angle between the Sun and a planet, as seen from the Earth, is known as elongation. At their greatest eastern and western elongations, inferior planets lie in the evening and morning skies respectively. At conjunction (when elongation is zero), a planet is lost in the Sun’s glare. A superior planet can lie opposition; at this time, it looks largest, is visible all night, and at midnight lies due south from northern latitudes and due north from southern latitudes.
The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.
THE EXPANSION OF BALOCH ETHNO-LINGUISTIC COMMUNITY
Rise of Baloch Rule
When did the first Baloch tribal unions arise? The early political history of the Baloch is obscure. It appears to have began with the process of the decline of the central rule of the caliphate in the region and the subsequent rise of the Baloch in Makkoran in the early years of the 11th century. The Umawid general Muhammad bin Qasim captured Makkoran in 707 AD. Thereafter, Arab governors ruled the country at least until the late 10th when the central rule of the Abbasid caliphate began to decline. The period of direct Arab rule over Makkoran lasted about three centuries. By gradually accepting Islam, the scattered Baloch tribes over vast area (from Indus in the east to Kerman in the west), acquired a new common identity, the Islamic. Thus Islam gave them added cohesion. The Arab rule also relived them from the constant political and military pressure from Persia in the north. Moreover, as mentioned earlier, they benefited materially from the growth of trade and commerce which flourished in the towns and ports under the linked India to Persia and Arabia through western Makkoran. These developments appear to have played a significant role in enabling the Baloch to from large-scale tribal federations that led to their gradual political and military supremacy in the territories now forming Balochistan during the period of 11th to 13 centuries.
With the decline of the central rule of the Islamic Caliphate in the 10th century local rules and trial chieftains begin, once again, to reassert their power and influence. It is precisely during this period that the Muslim chroniclers took note of the account of the Baloch in connection with their conflicts with the rising local Iranian and Turk dynasties in Kirman, Khurasan, and Sistan. The Baloch are reported to have been dealt a devastating blow in Kirman by the Dailami ruler Azdu-al Doula (949-982 AD) and his uncle Muizz-Doula in second Khabis by the troops of Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud and his son Masud, at the beginning of the 11th century.
It is generally believed that the traditional era of the Baloch begins from Mir Jalal Han. The Baloch oral history states that in the 12th century forty-four Baloch Boloks (tribals) headed by Mir Jamal Han were forced by the early Turkish raids or as the historian Dr. Inayatullah Baloch believes, “ by the Persians”, to migrate from Kerman and Sistan into Makkoran, Relying on the corps of traditional poetry, the Daptar, Mir Jalal Han founded a large tribal union was based on an egalitarian system. The Baloch under Mir Jalal Han recognized their military organization by divisions according to Dr. Baloch later became the basis of the five major tribes, namely Rind, Lashari, Korai, Hount, and Jatoi. Jankovesky confirms this notion by asserting that it is evidently during this period that the major tribal unions, which formed the nucleus of the Balochi feudal nationality in the sequel, arose. He adds that “several small feudal states” also flourished there including Turn with its capital Khuzdar in eastern Balochistan, Kanabil, present day Gandava, Kech in Makkoran and others.
The early Balochi epic poetry, which dates from the 12th century, refers to Mir Jalal Han as the ruler of all the Baloch. However, there is considerable confusion surrounding the whole region of Mir Jalal Han. Apart from the Baloch traditions and the writing of the Baloch nationalist writers, there is not sufficient historical record. The war ballads do not give much detail about his further rule and his administration.it is, however, opined that after his death, Mir Jalal Han’s kingdom was divided among his five divisional military chiefs. According to Longworth Dames, however, four of them, namely Rind, Lashari, Korai, and Hout were his sons, and the fifth one, Jato Bibi was daughter. The Baloch nationalist writers and poets have paid Mir Jalal Han great tribute. They consider him as a “founding father of the Baloch nation” and the founder of the first “Baloch confederacy” in Balochistan. At the beginning of the 13th century, Balochistan was attacked over and over again by the Mughals. They destroyed the Baloch polity. The economic system was damaged and oases were reduced to deserts. However, the Baloch ethnic stock, that successfully withstood the onslaughts of the Mughals, founded the Sultanate of Makkoran, with Kech as its capital city possibly in the late thirteenth century. Marco polo, who sailed along the Makkoran coast on his way home in 1290, describes, “Kesmacoran [Makkoran and its capital Kech] is a kingdom having a king of its own and a peculiar language”. He further records that the people “live by merchandize and industry, for they are professed trades, and carry on much traffic by sea and land in all directions.