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By Ahmed Khan
Presently imperialist is controlling bridles of world politics by use of theological notions. Iran is a theocratic and scoundrel state that is denying the rights of small but moderate nations, like Baloch, Kurd and other small ethnics.
The occupant state Iran extracts resources from land of occupied nations and utilizes for well-being of dominating racist Persians. In this way, small nationalities are exploited the worst in Iran.
Besides this, theocratic state Iran is backing religious fundamentalists in Iraq the Mehdi Malaysia, in Lebanon the Hezbollah and in Syria to Asad regime. By the slogan of Shiaism Iran stands and contemptuously denies the rights of existence to Jews and other religion’s followers.
The Iran developed atomic program on level to manufacture atomic weapons. In fact, this state is questing to gain nuclear weaponries. The Iranian authorities explicitly said their country has acquired atomic technology from Pakistan but they use it in energy sector, other means and will not develop atomic bomb. The ground realities imply that Iran is developing atomic weapons in prompt pace. The religious state is run by Shia orthodoxy that believes in supremacy on others which is a type of narcissism through political vision. The Iran presently is intended for dominance of Shiaism on world but this has put aside humanity and is in race of arm with the Saudia Whabi dominating state. Though the Saudia is a fascist state and involved in spread of its religious creed in world and it has alliance with imperialist Uncle-Sam.
Currently, Iran and Saudi Arabia are engaged in fighting a proxy war on the land of Yemen, where Houthi rebels have ousted Mansoor Haadi’s government was supported by Saudi Arabia on ground of sectarian resemblance of Sunni. Verily the Saudia is persuading its interests and intended the prolongation of Yemen’s resources extortion by the use of religious label.
The United States is playing double game; on one side ostensibly it supports Saudi Arabia about Yemen dealings, instantaneously on opposite the US is relaxing the Iran and the recent nuclear deal in Vienna is also an chief example of the dual facet diplomacy.
The Iran has perceived the situations of world politics that animosity with Saudi Arabai has intensified and by now both sides supported groups pragmatically are waging war against each other in Arab world. In the compliance of current settings, Iran has stepped down from its previous unbending stance and now agreed on some points to compromise with aim to converge all energies and attentions on Saudi belligerence.
During the last weeks in Vienna, the Iran with United States and other world’s six great powers reach on an accord to demote its nuclear program and diminish the fear of any nuclear and conventional confrontation in volatile Middle East.
The United State and Iran reached an accord after sporadic negotiation rounds. Before this the rival states had labeled each other “leading state sponsor of terrorism” and “the Great Satan”.
Through spirit of mentioned accord, the Iran will receive more than $100 billion in assets that have been frozen overseas and end to various financial restrictions on Iranian banks.
The sanctions will be lifted on Iran, which were imposed by the European States and United Nations on it. Iran is an oil rich country and member state of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The Saudia and other oil producing countries are also opposing the lift-up of sanctions; otherwise, the Iranian oil supply in international market will cause devaluation of their production. Iran will start supply of oil to neighboring states, especially Pakistan where already Iranian oil is being smuggled in great quantity. Iran is also willing to sell of its gas to Pakistan and further India and China. The gas pipeline project is hampered by United States, however Iran has laid pipeline till Pakistani western border in Balochistan where dissents exist and region is in turmoil.
This time, the American Foreign Secretary Mr John Kerry has activity lobbied in diplomatic process to reach the accord with his counterpart Iranian Foreign Minister Mr Jawad Zarif. Mr Kerry talking to media-persons said persistence paid off. “Believe me, had we been willing to settle for a lesser deal we would have finished this negotiation a long time ago,” he told the reporters, the breakthrough came after several key compromises.
Through accord Iran agreed on the continuation of the United Nation arms embargo on the country for up to five more years, even it could end before if the international Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) clears the country about the nuclear weapons. Beside this, on Iran restriction regarding ballistic technology was also put, which could last for up to eight more years, diplomat informed media.
The United States had found out to keep ban on Iran regarding the supply of weapons to Houthi Fighters in Yemen, Hezbollah in Lebanon, President Bashar Assad’s government in Syria and other forces in Meddle-East opposing the American allies, like Saudi Arabia and Israel.
Meantime, Iranian leaders backed by Russia and China urged on end of embargo on their country with mean to combat the belligerent force in region the Islamic State, significantly. The agreement will allow the United Nation’s inspectors to stress for visit to Iranian military sites as part of watching duties. The Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah uttered about opposing the prescribed settings through discussed accord.
According to accord, Tehran would have right to challenge the United Nations proposal; resultantly, an arbitration board composed of Iran and Six powers of the world then decide on the issue. The IAEA also want accomplishment of Iranian weapons investigation which is in pending for long time. The stated that Iranian cooperation would result complete lift up of the sanctions on its hobbled economy. On the other hand the chief of International Atomic Energy Agency Mr Yukiy Amans spoke that his agency has designed “roadmap” to resolve outstanding issue with Iran by mid of December.
The members of negotiation team faced hardships and then they reached this deal, which totally look frail and unviable. During the convention, the members several times conducted corner meetings, tempers flared, voice were raised and debates over several of the contentions matters. Eventually, the remaining gaps were bridged in meeting with Mr Kerry. European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and Russian Foreign minister Sergey Loverof later on joined the meeting and then the ministers told the aides that they have reached the accord which was some amazing.
The diplomacy of international and inter-continental brought after off tireless efforts of more than a decade. Even now, after proclamation about settlement of dispute the critiques have skeptical thoughts regarding this declaration. Breaks in talks were lasted for months, and Iran’s nascent nuclear program expanded into one that western intelligence agencies saw as only a couple of month away from weapons capacity. The US and Israel both threatened possible military responses. But now these states will get all energies of Iran against Saudi Arabia and other Sunni armed groups particularly IS. The Iran for gain of strengths diverted force of American’s antagonism toward Sunni and Wahabi groups. The removal of sanctions will cause easy breathing for Iran and gain of potencies onward too.
The United States joined negotiation process with Iran on its nuclear program in 2008. The both countries’ officials together secretly and later they sought diplomatic progress. But the process remained essentially stalemated ever it is now pleasant, because the necessities brought close to bitter hearts.
Before the formed signing on accord, the Iranian Ayatollah in his statement said the country will not suspend its relation with Hezbollah and Shia armed organizations and his country also will pursue nuclear development for peaceful purposes.
In reaction of deal Israel declared it a historic mistake. Saudi Arabia notified for destruction in Middle East because of accord and announced attain of nuclear technology to come-up equal to Iran. American politician and Republican Party leader Jeb Bush issued a denunciation, saying the deal only delays the danger and “over time it paves Iran’s path to a bomb”. The major stake holders in region have reprimanded agreement and Iran also cannot stand manufacturing the nuclear bomb to keep hegemony on nations; Baloch and Kurd and.
The American politicians after weeks of accord stated that their country will not discard the option of assault on Iranian nuclear sites. Iranian leaders also utterly denied the rollback of nuclear program and cut of their dealings with Shia fighter groups. These all entail the fragility of accord on Iranian nuclear program between Iran and six powers of world.
The condition’s analyzing indicates accord was made in haste or without managing the matters suitably; consequently this deal may not be viable.
The deal also can be used by US to get obedient the Saudi Arabia that is posturing some defiance to her.
The civilized communities must realize that through theocratic states world’s affairs cannot be managed. They ought to recognize the right of self-determination with right of separation, especially moderate nations, like Baloch and Kurds, that are persecuted by Iran and Saudia. The deal on Iranian nuclear program further may encourage violating human rights in world.
SYED ALI SHAH
A recent surge in ibex hunting in Balochistan has caused an outrage amongst environmentalists and activists involved in conservation efforts. Heartrending pictures of hunters posing with their ‘trophies’ during the Eid season have been shared on social media much to the chagrin of those working towards saving the animals.
Along with the mountainous swathes of the Himalayas, Balochistan is a major breeding ground for the Asian ibex. In recent years, illegal hunting of the famed goat has picked up momentum. Both local and foreign hunters travel to remote areas in Balochistan to pursue their passion.
In response to a social media campaign which protested the hunting of ibexes, Balochistan’s forest and wildlife department spurred into action. “We have ordered an inquiry regarding the hunting of ibexes in Balochistan,” the department’s secretary, Khudai Rahim Hijbani, tells this reporter.
“We will submit a final report in a week’s time,” he adds.
The elite hunting club
In Balochistan’s fertile ibex hunting grounds, the elite hunt the mountain goat with impunity. And with the profiles of these influential individuals ranging from legislators to tribal chieftains, forest officers deployed to curtail such activities remain powerless to do anything.
Besides the local elite, Arab blue bloods also descend on the province to try their hand at hunting ibexes. Chaghai, Naushki, Kharan and other parts of Balochistan are regarded as preferred for royal hunting trips.
Apart from ibex, other ‘game animals’ such as the endangered houbara bustards are also hunted with much fanfare. Last year alone, a member of an Arab royal family proceeded to hunt 2,100 houbara bustards in a killing spree that last three weeks.
Despite a ban on illegal hunting by the Balochistan High Court (BHC), the slaughter continues unabated.
During Eidul Fitr, Balochistan’s forest and wildlife department carried out an initial investigation regarding reports of illegal hunting of ibexes. Sharifuddin, a conservationist with the said department, tells this reporter that the hunting sprees took place near Hingol National Park and in the province’s Lasbela, Awaran and Gwadar districts.
“The individuals who hunted ibexes were already proclaimed offenders in previous incidents of illegal hunting,” the official says.
Action against illegal hunting ‘not enough’
With such high casualties of the endangered animal and little real action against the hunters, the government’s efforts in ensuring the ibexes’ conservation can hardly be deemed satisfactory, let alone efficient.
“It is ironic that ibexes are better protected in community conserves as compared to officially administered areas,” Head of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Balochistan chapter, Faiz Kakar, points out, almost sardonically.
Wild animals are protected by communities in the areas of Torghar and Duraiji in Killa Saifullah and Lasbela districts, Kakar says. He also entreats the provincial governor and chief minister to take notice of illegal ibex hunting and bring those responsible to account.
Hijbani, though, claims that action is taken against those involved in illegal hunting. He says that action was taken against an officer of the department this year for failing to curb illegal hunting in Chaghai’s Kachao area.
“As soon as I received reports of illegal hunting, I took immediate action, suspended the concerned officer and ordered an inquiry to probe deeper into the incident,” he says.
Sardar Naseer Tareen, a well-known environmentalist and campaigner for conservation, says: “The number of ibexes in Hingol National Park is close to 2,500. Sustainable hunting can be allowed if we keep the age factor in mind for ibexes and other game animals and do not indulge in over-hunting of the species.”
“Four or five mature male ibexes can be hunted per season, but not females and young ibexes,” he adds.
In order to ensure protection of endangered and game animals, the Balochistan Assembly last year adopted the Balochistan Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 2014. With the passing of this legislation, the Wild Life Act of 1974 was repealed.
The new legislation aimed to curb illegal hunting. It fixed a minimum fine of Rs10,000 and a maximum fine of Rs20,000 with three to six weeks of imprisonment for illegally hunting a single ibex. The hunting value of ibexes was also fixed by the forest and wildlife department.
Experts are of the opinion that a regular census should be conducted for ibexes and other animals, and also believe that a sustainable program needs to be launched for their protection and conservation.
Local tribal communities have so far played a commendable role in the protection of these rare and endangered species. But in a province plagued by unrest and insurgency, such issues tend to take a back seat. In the meantime, these species are left to fend for themselves, with only activists to beseech to the world on their behalf.
(Courtesy to Dawn)
Bailout declaration may loom over Greece but not be imposed, otherwise the influential states of Eurozone will elude from usurps upon powerless nations including the Greek.
By Ahmed Khan
Greece, the old history holder of city states and torch bearer for human to show ways by eye of knowledge and the land of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Great Alexander and other Philosophers and scientists is plunged in crisis. The international media has focused on Greece’s monetary crises, particularly after the election which brought on prime post of the state a socialist party’s leader. The Greeks elected a socialist politician Mr Alexis Tsipras, who is striving to provide relieves in lives of his country people through socialistic tradition’s cataclysm.
The Greece is member state of Eurozone, consisting of 19 states of Europe that use single currency for trade. The France and Germany are the most dominant states on mentioned union. The Eurozone consist of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Luxemburg, Malta, the Netherland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Other small states in region also use currency of Euro but that are not member of union, formally.
In Eurozone, the bank of European Central Bank (ECB) was established by member states which have president and board for governing. The main objective of ECB is to keep control on inflation. The Eurogroup is composed of finance ministers of Euro States, but in emergency, national leaders also form the Group.
After Second World War capitalist Bloc’s godfather formed an institute ‘International Monetary Fund’ and this directs about policies to weak economic states and in return gives loan on high rate of interest. Capitalist World by this mean is absorbed to maintain this unnatural system. In fact, IMF and World Bank are similar organizations to keep in pawn the underdeveloped nations and keep people subjugated. The decade’s history has proved that IMF and similar forums never helped for wellbeing the people but these caused increase in poverty in world.
The IMF and European Central Bank have indebted the Greece on high interest rate to make bonded the Greeks. This country’s working class with all labor goes in pay-off of interest which each year dues in many. The IMF shapes policy of Greece to austerity which means to cut the morsel of Greeks but never decrease loans of them.
The Eurozone forum also is not being exploited for improvement in lives of people but this is being used for occupation of market and keeping under-handed to people of member states. The Germany and France sellout their products in markets of Greece and member states of Eurozone but they never cogitated about promotion and thrive of the discussed countries, especially to emancipate them from shackles of debts.
The Greece is on verge of bailout ostensibly but other member states Spain, Portugal and others are on the line. In this situation, the Eurozone main stake holders, the Germany and France may not declare bailout to Greece which will suspend extracting funnel from Greeks. The European Central Bank approved a sum of € 7 billion bridging loan from an EU-wide fund to keep its finances afloat until the bailout is approved for Greece; this mentioned bridging loan is to be approved on emergency by ECB.
The Greek Prime Minister Alix Aspisar conducted a referendum about bailout policy of Greece that was stamped for aquit from Eurozone and for bailout status of country. The Greeks want unchain from debts by IMF and ECB and want self-reliance of their country and smooth economy on social basis. They know that Europe’s democracy base on capitalism, never grant them prosperity but will increase more debts.
The Greece is country has scarcer industrial production and less developed compared with Germany and France. Hence, its markets are opened for mentioned states but the Greek product has no space and value in German and French markets vis-à-vis.
As Parallel, the Greek labor and agriculture products are bought very cheap by industrialist states of Eurozone union. In this way, the capitalism has demarcated between people; master and slave grades. The neoliberalism, further will nuisance the Greeks who developed as knowledge and least grown as capitalism, in marsh of debts. And this country people lives will be embittered, probably their upcoming generations also payoff the interests on fixed loans. They have only option to get bailout and put on the country’s economy social and equity path, then this luminous minded people’s country gets unchained from capitalists, otherwise the Eurozone won’t give them prosperity by use of despicable system of capitalism.
This is tipping point that how Eurozone states expel Greece from union which is like an egg laying hen for lender states and every day they enjoy laid egg by keeping alive hen. If Greece is declared bailout, so how and where from moneylenders get interest amount because other member states are also on line of being default.
The bridging loan and aid to Greece are like treating cancer by morphine tablet which temporally may soothe in pain but it is not panacea of disease. The salvation from capitalism is only way for Greece and for a gleaming future Greeks replace their present system with socialism.
Bolan Voice Report
The Supreme Court instructed the provincial governments about the submitting of details of Non-Government Organization and its funding sources which are working respectively in provinces.
A two-member bench headed by Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja heard a case relating to the registration and funding of NGOs. During the hearing, an official of the Law and Justice Commission informed the court that the federation and provinces had not submitted details of NGOs and their funding sources. Justice Khawaja directed investigation officers to submit complete details of the NGOs as early as possible. Razzaq A. Mirza, the additional advocate general of Punjab informed the court about NGOs which were registered in the province.
The court was also informed that around 10,000 were NGOs registered in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 1,800 in Balochistan. In Sindh, approximately 6,150 NGOs were registered and 2,500 unregistered.
The Law and Justice Commission official said the interior ministry did not provide much information and he himself had obtained details about 63 NGOs. Justice Khawaja remarked that foreign funding was like oxygen for terrorists and terrorism would be effectively eliminated if the government succeeded in stopping these funds.
He said that according to the National Action Plan, foreign funding should be stopped but the government was not working on this.
The commission’s official informed the court that a form for NGOs had been prepared on the court’s direction. The court directed the provinces to complete the forms so that basic information could be gathered from NGOs. The hearing has been adjourned till Aug 20.
In previous month the federal interior minister Chaudry Nisar restricted some NGOs working in Balochistan and Gilgitbaltistan. ‘Save the Children’ was banned in Balochistan for carrying-out anti-state activities. The mentioned organization was ordered packing-up all throughout the province. After this, the NGOs are being scrutinized, monitored and audited by government of Pakistan and recent court instructions are part of said series.
By Sami Ullah
Set aside the grand grandeur between the idealist and materialists debate and their notions on how the society works and shapes itself, either idyllic or evolutionary, there is somehow an intriguing notion on the paradigm of living in a carcass of people grouped together and reshaping our lives, individual lives, into their own mold. And that carcass being the society we breathe in.
Sociology defines society as a body of individuals living as members of community. Modern philosophers, including the Post-modern deconstructionists, have pondered much on the social construction and how it ensnares individual into its web for no good reason. By using the word individual, it shall be understood as I contend the meaning to be the belief that the needs of each person are more important than the needs of society, groups’ or ‘the actions and attitudes of a person. As promised, I will not attempt to draw outlines encircling cerebral debates, but will share my individual point of view.
There exist two extremes: The society and the individual. Out of these two we live under rules of different chaos, which is so called rules of “system”. As, it is our made chain, where one does not move freely. Though one is born free and came into this world without holding chains, when, normal one goes to the track of maturity one is caught with the chain of so called made patterns of society. Under such manifestations, where one finds oneself in a state of insecurity and uncertainty after holding the “echoes” of every music. The very first word PAPA and MAMA comes up from our world when everyone associated (directly or indirectly) accept this as freedom for us, even though, these words are the origin of our “social construction” because, the word (PAPA/MAMA) spoken child only sees laughing faces of people which pushes that child in a state of uncertainty, after that first freedom (whom people think freedom) none of the next move is encouraged by the same laughing face.
Let’s begin from the start. The very first word they give us is “fear” (the cute Cat, a source of aesthetic endeavor at the stage when we only sit on the ground) is told dangerous for us, even cat shares fun to us at that stage, as, she hates unspecified nets and chains, the “Bicycle”(an opening object of our journey of kissing sun) is prohibited to played with, how would a so called system knows the feelings of unlimited moments, and then, we are told not to get in touch with friends, to whom we give half of our life or without whom half of our life is incomplete, because they want those friends with us what they think for us rather we make for ourselves.
How could the system know emotions exchanged or shared feelings among friends, how would they know the deprivation of lost love, how would they feel lost control and unbearable sweat pain of apparently present heart in chest. They (by they I am referring to the society) only dictate illegitimacy as a fixed pattern of their procedure. Rather appreciate, they depreciate every of our taken step, push fear into our hearts not to make decision and want us dependent, how would they know the ever best thing we hate in their system is becoming dependent, making ascertain of our limits or our wrong and right of our lives. The decisions they make are either bared with wept eyes or left tragedies which cannot be recovered of paying the cost of the entire sacrifices and happiness of life. Even, they think themselves and theirs this rotten pattern “just”! When we laugh they tell us no! When we weep it mocks us! When we jump in unlimited happiness for a moment it tells us we are not given free hands and when we compromise we are, then, found badly ignored.
When we ask it what is right then? We are answered deception is the only way to get through. We are indeed kept in a system where our every decision is taken without the consent of ours. Being children, we are prohibited to touch when we open our mind for getting experience, we are stopped to make a company where joining of them makes us aware not to limit ourselves we are shown ignorant eyes after our lost in our world. After having known rights and wrongs every single door exits, we are shown negative image of creature and nature our voice are tried to suppress, every single person is found involved in making this process, some are using religion some are using nation whereas some using custom, some have house dictatorship who are the most culprit images of this “so called” system because these characters want themselves to be superior than every other creator of GOD.
Do not make us paralyze.
Do not inject us of a slow poisoning, do not ignore us of your emotional “honor” as your move have destroyed us and has snatched us every of our single smile. We are not your slave; let us live our way. We are fed up with your making excuses, get us our laughter back and we want our lost rights; we have capability of making or seeking our ways cheer. Let us give chance to live our own “lives”, we assure all our senses are active properly and that we are the real followers of our lives, let us live, decide, determine our limits, rectify our mistake if are committed, your one-sided way of telling disappoints us.
The author holds Master’s Degree in International Relations and is pursuing his Law Degree in University Law College. He can be reached at samiullah.adv42@ gmail.com
Mohammad Tayyub, Chaghi
The societal outmoded norms and values have made the days too stern for the transgender. Beside, having a total composition of human beings, they are being treated beyond the humanitarian values. Unfortunately, they are facing adversities just because of the “fault” (transgender) for which they never wished. It is very shocking the doors of the same house are closed for them where they were born, verily this immensely contribute in their miseries. Suffice it to say, they have house but they are shelterless, they have parents but they are orphans, they have dignity but nobody respect them, they are human but are treated beyond the humanitarian standers. The invincible roots of social boycott, gender discrimination, and evil behavior towards them are the main causes behind their suicide attempts. It seems social ostracism is written in their fortunes, but not by the Divinity, by the society.
According to the past data on the transgender population, which is likely somewhat between 0.1 and 0.5 percent of the total population of world. A study by the “National Center for Transgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force” shows that only in America 71 percent of transgender people hide their gender to avoid gender discrimination. A US study in 2006 found that 32% of trans people had tried to kill themselves. The International day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia (IDAHOT) was created in 2004 to draw the attention of people regarding discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) internationally. Similarly, Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project in Europe was initiated in 2009 in order to analyze reports of homicides of trans and gender people worldwide. According to TMM, IDAHOT 2015 reports a total of 1,731 killing cases were reported of transgender from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2014.
The figures of killings are immense and socking of transgender. A novel report reveals that between year 2008 to 2014, 155 killings were reported in Asia in 16 countries. Similarly, 122 killings in North America, 94 killings in Europe in 14 countries, 9 killings in Africa in 4 countries and 5 killings in Oceania in 4 countries. These are the cases which have been reported, hundreds and thousands cases also there which have gone unreported.
The very abject concern is discrimination against transgender starts from their own homes. They are kept behind in every occasion owing to their gender. Even several parents do not treat them horizontally as compare their other children, boys and girls. This discriminatory behavior begets disappointment to them and prepares their minds to ponder about their “faults”. They act what is their nature. They should never be blamed for this. Eventually, this very truth cooks the parent’s minds to make them shelterless. Rejected from the parents, transgender later face the hydra headed evil behavior of society. Nobody in society too accept them. As per the condition they become sex workers or baggers.
It is imperative to mention, no religion in the world discriminate on gender bases. Similarly, same is the slogan of humanity. No qualm, it is just due to the societal bizarre values which have kept transgender behind fabric of society. Rationally speaking, if a man is recognized a man because of his biological composition and same as the woman, then why it is stringent to accept the biological composition of transgender? To mention a case study, among the ten murders minor in 2014 were an 8 year old trans girl who was beaten to death in Rio De Janeiro (Brazil) by her father who wanted to teach her to behave like a man, a moot point. People have to accept the realities, and do not castigate the facts. In case transgender have different way of life style that is the beauty in them, but not a “fault”.
A well-known columnist Rafia Zakaria writes, it is unfortunate to be born as a girl in Pakistan as most of the people are expecting boys. It would not be wrong to say, that it is unfortunate to be born a transgender in the world, where gender has more value than humanity. Truly speaking, it is not the “fault” of their gender producing divergences in our opinions rather it is the irrational thinking approach of people and lack of ability of thinking good.
In Pakistan transgender are too afflicted with numerous problems. Some on the order of 50,000 transgender are in Pakistan. After six decades of Pakistan’s existence they bear the brunt of government negligence in all affairs. In 2011 Supreme Court order the government to issue them identity cards and register them as voters. In addition, they were given right to contest election from 2013. However, they haven’t been privileged with standers jobs yet. In Punjab, government did not fix quota for transgender in government jobs just because of their low numbers. According to Punjab social welfare department’s survey there are 2,467 registered transgender in Punjab. Numbers of them are reluctant to get themselves registered. In the past year, Sindh government has given jobs to three transgender in Karachi, they are, Riffy Khan, Muskan, and Anjum. Riffy Khan, who did double MA, is the first transgender who was awarded job by Sindh Government on January 30, 2014. Some other jobs are also reported by this year. However, no such stances have been taken by other provincial governments. Verily, it is mandatory on government to provide equal rights, mentioned in the state constitution, to all its citizens irrespective of their gender.
This particular gender needs social acceptance from society and they must be provided with that, as they are equal to all other human beings. Discriminating means to disseminate false opinions against them and loss the humanitarian behavior. Most of the fathers’ close the doors for them because people around them castigate their gender and the way they behave are not like by others living around them. Social acceptance is the panacea to their all miseries. The vacuum of gender discrimination should be filled up with respect, affection and gentle feelings. Allocating for them job quotas, providing those rights equal to all other genders and educating people against gender discrimination can bring them to the mainstream. To bear the palm against their prolong miseries they should be loved, admired, and respected that they start to think “to be a transgender is not a fault”.
GANDA SINGH WALA – Punjab’s leading child protection official has called for a federal inquiry into ‘the largest-ever child abuse scandal in Pakistan’s history’ after the discovery of 400 videos recording more than 280 children being forced to have sex. Most of the victims were under 14 but include a six year old boy who was forced to perform a homosexual act and a 10 year old schoolgirl who was filmed being molested by a 14 year old boy.
Videos of these assaults were filmed and thousands of copies are believed to have been sold for Rs50 each in Hussain Khanwala village in Kasur district. One of the victims said he was injected in the spine with a drug before he was assaulted.
The scale of the scandal emerged earlier this week after the victims’ parents clashed police during a protest against their failure to prosecute the men who orchestrated the scandal. Two dozen people were injured when police used force to disperse more than 4,000 protesters on the Dipalpur Road near Dolaywala village in Kasur district who were calling for justice for the victims.
They have claimed that local police have tried to cover up the scandal and that the perpetrators have used their influence to avoid being charged.
Saba Sadiq, head of Punjab’s Child Protection Bureau, described the case as “the largest-ever child abuse scandal in Pakistan’s history” and said a provincial inquiry announced by the chief minister “would be taken up at federal level to safeguard the children rights in future.”
The number of victims in this child abuse ring is almost three times higher than in the case of Javed Iqbal in the late 1990s when around 100 children were sexually abused and murdered in Lahore. Saba Sadiq said the provincial government would change the law to ensure “vigorous punishment for such criminals.”
So far only six alleged abusers were arrested, five of whom were remanded in custody but according to parents of the victims the abuse was orchestrated by a gang of up to 25 young men and teenagers led by two men in their 40s.
The gang arranged the abuse, perpetrated it in many cases, and then used the videotapes of the assaults to blackmail the children and their families to hand over millions of rupees. Many of the children stole gold ornaments from their parents to pay off their abusers to keep their ordeal secret.
The abuse began in 2006 and continued until one year ago, police said. They have seized more than 400 videos depicting the assaults, and many of the parents have identified their children as victims in the films. Some of the clips showed that some of the victims were abused for more than an hour.
In one clip five to six young men are seen molesting a seven-year-old boy. The ‘producers’ recorded the videos at different locations – in the open fields, washrooms, bedrooms, and at deserted houses.
“We have arrested six persons after registering six separate cases against them on the complaints of the victims. Five of the accused are on physical remand while the sixth has obtained pre-arrest bail,” District Police Officer Rai Babar Saeed told media.
He said the police seized the videos for evidences. “I don’t know why they made videos and what was their agenda? Police are investigating,” he added.
Police sources said the main suspect had been released after an amount of Rs5 million bribe was paid on his behalf and victims families said they had been subjected to pressure by a local political figure to withdraw the allegations.
One mother aged 35, said she had to sell her gold ornaments to pay Rs 600,000 to the blackmailers for the videos of her 14 year old son being abused to be erased. “They made the video of my son in 2011. We have been paying money to the blackmailers for the last four years. I have seen the videos. It was disgusting and shameful,” she said with tears rolling down her cheeks. “We are seriously thinking to set our houses on fire and leave the locality.”
A 10-year-old said he was taken to a haveli by the gang at gunpoint. “After being brutally tortured, I was administered “spinal injection” and I was dozing when five to six men molested me one by one,” he said.
The police have arrested a 13-year-old boy for having sex with another child. His mother said her son is innocent because he committed the crime under duress. “They (producers of the clips) not only molested the children themselves but they also asked the victims to rape each other on camera,” she told.
“Everyone in this village is a victim. Our children both boys and girls are raped and blackmailed,” said another victim’s mother.
Another boy said he was molested by the same gang in 2006. “I was just nine years old when I was abducted and taken to a deserted house. I was brutally tortured when I offered resistance. Then they administered a spinal injection. I was raped multiple times by several men at gunpoint. I decided not to tell anybody.
Six months later, the accused showed me the video clips when I refused to perform sexual acts on camera again. It was horrible,” he said. The family of a ten year old girl forced to perform a sex act in her school uniform said they had paid a million rupees to their blackmailers but they had not erased the video.
Another villager said the gang had sold videos of the children to gay porn sites operating from the UK, USA, and Europe. One victim said he once heard one of the gang leaders talking on Skype to a customer abroad. “Once I saw, Shirazi was talking to someone on Skype. He was talking about the videos of children and money in return. They were collecting a huge amount in dollars from the dealers abroad,” he said.
One villager who led the campaign to expose the scandal told he had been warned he would be killed if he did not withdraw his claims. Later on, he was picked up by police when he was returning home from Lahore. The police used his mobile phone and contacts to force the activists to cancel a protest demonstration scheduled for.
(Courtesy to The Nation)
Naziha Syed Ali | Fahim Zaman
It was a 9mm gun, probably a Stoeger. Before Saad Aziz got this ”samaan” through an associate, by his own admission, he had already plotted a murder. On the evening of Friday, April 24, 2015, he met four other young men, all well-educated like him, somewhere on Karachi’s Tariq Road to finalize and carry out the plot. As dusk deepened into night, they set off towards Defense Housing Society Phase II Extension on three motorcycles. Their destination: a café-cum-communal space – The Second Floor or T2F – where an event, Unsilencing Balochistan: take two, was under way. Their target: Sabeen Mahmud, 40, the founder and director of T2F.
Two of Aziz’s associates, he says, “were just roaming around in the vicinity of T2F”. A third was keeping an eye on the street outside. Aziz himself was riding a motorcycle driven by one Aliur Rehman, also mentioned as Tony in the police record. When he received the message that Mahmud had left T2F, he says, he followed her. “Suzuki Swift, AWH 541,” he repeats her car’s make and registration number.
As the car stopped at a signal less than 500 metres to the north of T2F, “Tony rode up alongside it.” Mahmud was in the driving seat, Aziz says. “Next to her was her mother, I think. That is what we found out from the news later. There was a man sitting in the back. I fired the gun four or five times at her.”
Sitting in a sparsely furnished room within Karachi Police’s Crime Investigation Department (CID), Aziz appears at ease even in blindfold. Recounting the events of that evening, he never sounds hurried or under duress.
After shooting Mahmud, he says he and Tony turned left from the signal towards Punjab Chowrangi and reached Sharae-e-Faisal, crossing Teen Talwar in Clifton on their way. While still on the motorcycle, he messaged others to get back to Tariq Road. Once there, he just picked up his motorcycle and they all dispersed. “We only got confirmation of her death later from the news,” he says. “At that moment [of shooting], there is no way of confirming if the person is dead. You just do it and get out of there.”
It was on February 13, 2015, when he says he decided that Mahmud had to die. That evening, he was at T2F, attending an event, The Karachi “Situation”: Exploring Responses. “It was something she said during the talk,” he recalls. “That we shouldn’t be afraid of the Taliban, we should stand up to them, demonstrate against them, something like that. That is when we made up our minds.” Later in the conversation, though, he adds, “There wasn’t one particular reason to target her: she was generally promoting liberal, secular values. There were those campaigns of hers, the demonstration outside Lal Masjid [in Islamabad], Pyaar ho jaane do (let there be love) on Valentine’s Day and so on.” He laughs softly, almost bashfully, as he mentions the last.
Aziz remembers visiting The Karachi “Situation” seminar with Tony who, the police say, remains on the run. Pictures and video footage of the event show Aziz sitting at the end of a row, close to the entrance. Next to him is Tony, a round-faced young man with a dark complexion. The police say he is an engineering graduate from the National University of Sciences and Technology, Rawalpindi campus. “Tony had a Twitter account under a fake name and he used to follow Sabeen’s tweets very closely,” says Aziz. He also mentions another source of information. “About four weeks [after the discussion on Karachi], when I got emails about events being held there, I sent Tony there a few times to check if her car was there. It wasn’t.”
On April 24, 2015, Aziz says, he told Tony to go there again. “When he confirmed her car was there, we made the plan there and then.”
By that time, he confesses, he had taken part in 20 major and minor “operations” in Karachi. These include an attack – just eight days before Mahmud’s assassination – on American academic Debra Lobo, who taught at a college in Karachi, bank heists to put together money for their hit-and-run activities, multiple attempts to target the police and the Rangers and grenade attacks on co-education schools in Gulshan-e-Iqbal (on February 3, 2015) and North Nazimabad (on March 18, 2015).
Nineteen days after Mahmud’s murder, Aziz says he took part in an attack that elicited worldwide shock and condemnation: the assassination of 43 members of the Ismaili Shia community, including women and children, travelling in a bus in the Safoora Goth area on the outskirts of Karachi.
Aziz appears as a mild-mannered young man of medium height and build, with a trimmed beard. He makes a little joke about how he can instantly tell which law enforcement or intelligence agency the person asking him questions belongs to. “The first thing the ISI [Inter-Services Intelligence] want to know is whether there are any links with RAW [the Indian intelligence agency]; CID is interested in the funding aspect; and the police keep hammering on about what other wardaat (hits) we’ve been involved in.”
Aziz calls himself a Salafi, though his father says the family follows Sunni, not Salafi, Islam. When an interrogator asks him why he and his associates targeted Ismaili Shias, he cites their sectarian affiliation as the reason. “It is perfectly acceptable to take the lives of women and children for that reason.”
Aziz’s radicalization began in 2009, following a visit to Saudi Arabia for umrah with his family. Upon his return to Pakistan, he decided to read translations of the Quran. “Until then I had only read it once in Arabic.” (One investigator, however, reports that Aziz could not recite certain Quranic verses that every practicing Muslim recites at least once a day during Isha prayers.)
For a while, he joined the Tableeghi Jamaat. Then, he took to attending lectures by a scholar, Shaykh Kamaluddin Ahmed, a professor at the Lahore University of Management Sciences (Lums) at the time, whose Sufi interpretation of Islam is distinct from what the Tableeghi Jamaat stands for. “But neither [Ahmed] nor Tableeghi Jamaat even discussed jihad,” he says. “It was over time, primarily through reading the Quran, that I developed an inclination towards jihad.”
Aziz then met Tony, whom he suspected had contacts with militants. Tony made him wait for some time before introducing him to one Haris, an al-Qaeda operative. “[Haris] was heading al-Qaeda’s daawati (recruitment) wing for Pakistan at the time. I joined this wing at the end of 2010,” says Aziz.
In September 2013, Haris, whose real name is said to be Abu Zar, was arrested from a hostel of the Punjab University in Lahore, along with two others, for alleged links with al-Qaeda. In the last 22 months, the authorities have not produced him in any court of law for a trial. Police sources in Lahore say Haris and his associates are in ISI’s custody. This information, however, could not be confirmed through other sources.
In 2011, Aziz went to Waziristan for training where, he says, he was attached to a group headed by Ahmad Farooq, deputy head of al-Qaeda in the subcontinent and a former student of Punjab University. (Farooq was killed in an American drone strike in January 2015 in North Waziristan.)
By 2013, Aziz says he was disillusioned and frustrated. Instead of allowing him take part in terrorist operations, his handler Haris limited him to media duties — such as managing online jihadist publications. “In mid-2013, I met Haider Abbas,” says Aziz. Abbas introduced him to Tahir Minhas alias Saeen, identified by the police as a member of al-Qaeda.
As a senior, experienced commander, Minhas set the ground rules for the group that Aziz joined. “We all used aliases; I only know Tony by his real name,” says Aziz. He got his own alias — Tin Tin. “None of us would ask for the members’ real names, addresses or anything that could identify them in case one of us was arrested. That was on Minhas’s instructions.”
The cell had no designated ‘safe house’ to meet. Minhas often called its members for meetings to Jan Japan Motors, a car auction site on the Super Highway. He also selected the targets. The attack on Mahmud, though, was different. Aziz says it was on his own initiative. “Tahir wasn’t even there that day.”
In 2014, the sudden ascendancy of the Islamic State (IS) and its territorial gains in Iraq and Syria became a lightning rod for militants across the globe. In January this year, IS announced its expansion into Khorasan, a historical region comprising parts of present-day Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and some Central Asian countries. Several factions of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) immediately joined it.
“Among my acquaintances there was already a lot of discussion about the merits of al-Qaeda and Daesh [the Arabic acronym for IS]. Many of us felt that al-Qaeda was reduced to mainly talk and little action,” Aziz says. “We were in Waziristan when the creation of the [IS’s] Khorasan [chapter] was announced, and we pledged loyalty to its emir, [former TTP commander] Hafiz Saeed Khan.” (A senior official of the Intelligence Bureau in Peshawar says Khan was “in Tor Dara area in Khyber Agency’s Tirah valley in January 2015″, the time period to which Aziz refers.)
Subsequently, he says, some of his associates did pro-IS wall chalking and left propaganda pamphlets in parts of Karachi, especially at the scenes of some of the attacks they carried out. Some of the people working with him, he claims, have gone to Syria as part of an effort to strengthen their connection with the IS leadership there.
Weeks after Mahmud’s murder, Jaadu, her white Persian cat, would sit expectantly by the door of her house for hours every evening, waiting for a familiar footfall on the steps outside. Inside, her mother, Mahenaz Mahmud, sits on a chair looking like her daughter might have 20 years in the future — had she had that much time. The mother also exudes the same warmth, intelligence and artlessness as the daughter — and, since Mahmud’s death, a stoicism that would move a stone to tears.
“On April 24, Sabeen made breakfast for us (Mahenaz and Mahenaz’s mother) as usual. That was her routine. She would switch on the kettle, run to her computer, then she would put the bread in the toaster,” Mahenaz recalls with a chuckle. “She didn’t want me to have a cold slice, so she would toast the second slice only after I had finished the first.” They would usually chat away during breakfasts. “We would talk about all kinds of things.” Sometimes, Mahmud would seek her mother’s advice. “She would ask me what I thought of something being done at T2F. Sometimes we would flog some philosophical concept. We would share articles, then discuss them… there was lots that we talked about.”
That day, though, Mahenaz sensed something unusual. “I don’t know whether it was anxiety but there was some element about this Baloch missing people event, especially because of the talk that was cancelled at LUMS [under orders from the ISI],” she says. Mahmud was not moderating the session; she hadn’t even organized it. “Someone else wanted to do it and she had agreed to provide the space,” says Mahenaz. “But she talked to some people about it and then said to me “It’ll be ok, Amma””.
After breakfast, the mother went to work – she is an academic programs advisor at a teacher training institute – but planned to attend the talk on the Baloch missing persons. “I hadn’t been to any event for a long time because I get quite exhausted by the evening but that day I had a very strong feeling that I must be around her.”
Following the event, around 9pm, Mahmud was planning to drop her mother home, pick up a friend and go to another friend’s place for dinner. “When Sabeen came out [of T2F], I remember she was in a hurry, and she told the driver to sit in the back. I got in the seat next to her and we drove off.”
A short distance away, the Sunset Boulevard traffic signal turned red and their car came to a stop. “It is impossible for me to process those five, 10 seconds,” Mahenaz says quietly. “I was talking to Sabeen, and my face was turned towards her. She was looking in front. A motorcycle came up along the side she was sitting, much too close for comfort. My eyes became riveted on a gun in someone’s hand. I said to Sabeen, “What do you think he wants? He’s got a gun.” I thought it was a mugging. All this must have taken only three or four seconds. Then the window shattered, and Sabeen’s head just tilted to one side; her eyes were open. There was not a moan, not a groan, not a whimper. Then pandemonium broke out around us.”
Mahmud was shot five times. Her mother also took two bullets: one in her back and another that, after going through Mahmud’s body, went into her arm and out again. She says she remembers feeling there was something “happening with my body but I wasn’t sure what.” She was too focused on her daughter to be sure of anything else. “I was saying ‘Sabeen talk to me, give me some indication that you can hear what I am saying.’ Even though I knew that she had gone, somewhere there was a glimmer of hope.”
She herself was taken to the Aga Khan University Hospital for treatment. “Next morning, I started demanding that I wanted to go home. I was told that Sabeen’s body was being kept in a morgue and I thought she should be put on the way to her last journey immediately.” With a bullet still lodged in her back, she left the hospital to bury her only child.
When Mahenaz Mahmud learnt that the police had arrested some educated young men for carrying out the murder, it was a shock to her, almost a betrayal of some of her most closely held convictions. “I felt terrified. I am a person who teaches my students that we all have our biases and that we put people into boxes because we don’t have time to find out about each and every person.”
In the third week of June, T2F organized a qawwali session to celebrate her daughter’s birthday posthumously. While observing the audience from the back of the room, she couldn’t shake off a nagging thought. “I was looking at the young boys in the audience and wondering, ‘So what are they thinking? What is really going on in their head?’ Normally I wouldn’t have thought that about young people. I would be happy that all kinds of young people come to T2F. Now I am really scared about how these young men’s minds can be messed with.”
The senselessness of the murder is difficult for her to process. “I want to ask them, why? What happened to you? What was it that bothered you about Sabeen? Was it something she stood for? Did you just want to make an example out of her? Did you think that taking a human life is such a small matter? But then I realize that these people think very differently. Their paradigms are different. Their schemas are different.”
In another part of Karachi, sitting in her home studio, architect Marvi Mazhar, one of Mahmud’s closest friends, says: “I always knew. I always thought that if someone gets to her, it’ll be someone educated. Sabeen had to deal with a lot of hate speech, and from people who were all educated. They used to write, they used to tweet, and they were all very tech-savvy. Every time she’d complain that these young bachas, I wish I could have chai with them, talk to them.”
Mazhar recalls an incident from last November. At the Creative Karachi Festival organized by T2F, the azan went unnoticed for a few moments in the hubbub and a young man angrily demanded that the music be stopped instantly. “Sabeen went up to the guy, took him aside and spoke to him for a while; a little later, he actually brought flowers for her by way of apology. There was this strange magic about her,” she says with a wistful smile.
In the days leading up to her death, Mahmud was particularly restless, says Mazhar. On Tuesday, April 21, there was a get-together of friends at Mazhar’s place where Mahmud was “a little agitated”. Mazhar heard her saying to someone on the phone, “If we are not going to do it now, then we won’t do it because after that I am leaving for London and I don’t have time.” She assumes this was about the talk on Baloch missing persons. “Her heart was not into this talk, mainly because she had so much going on otherwise. She believed in it, she believed that the Baloch must be given a platform. But, I felt, judging from the conversations I have had with her, she was waiting for a signal, waiting for someone to tell her not to do this.”
A sturdy metal barrier bars entry into a rough stretch at the end of Beaumont Road in Karachi’s Civil Lines. Only a few street lights illuminate the area; that, along with the dilapidated condition of the road, is perhaps deliberate, designed to make things a little more difficult for terrorists looking to target the CID headquarters that looms up on the right, after the barrier. They did exactly that on November 10, 2010, killing at least 17 people and injuring over 100 in a massive truck bombing. Access inside the CID premises now lies behind a raft of concrete barriers, designed to minimize the possibility of another attack.
Raja Umar Khattab, Senior Superintendent Police, strides into his office at around 10.30pm after taraweeh prayers. A stocky, barrel-chested man, he is wearing a bright yellow T-shirt with khaki pants, rolled up at the bottom and rubber slippers. He speaks in rapid-fire sentences; names of terrorists roll off his tongue like those of old acquaintances. Several phone calls interrupt conversation; a senior official has misplaced his cell phone and Khattab is trying to get it traced. “Sir, don’t worry. I’ll make sure it is back with you soon,” he says reassuringly.
As the CID’s lead investigator, Khattab is flushed with pride over the recent arrest of what he calls a major terrorist cell. He has no doubt the police under him have the men who killed Mahmud and committed the Safoora Goth massacre, apart from various other crimes.
The Sindh Rangers, too, have made a separate claim of arresting a mastermind of the attack on Ismaili Shias. “He has nothing to do with Safoora Goth incident; he never did,” says Khattab, shaking his head vigorously, when asked about the man arrested by the Rangers and reportedly linked to the detained office-bearers of the Fishermen’s Co-Operative Society. “When you go to a court to seek remand, you put in extra things. Otherwise it can get difficult to get a remand,” is how he explains the reason for the claim made by the Rangers.
More importantly, Aziz’s claim about his allegiance with IS meets with a similarly dismissive response. “We just finished a 16-day joint investigation but we have not established any direct or indirect link between him and Daesh. Al-Qaeda’s tentacles, however, touch him in multiple ways. We are sure he is with al-Qaeda,” says Khattab.
“And why should it be so surprising that these terrorists are so educated? There were always educated people in al-Qaeda. Educated people don’t join TTP. It is the madrasa-educated ones who join TTP. They have the desire for jihad but these [educated jihadis] are ideologues. They envision grander things,” he adds. And for that reason, Khattab states, they are far more dangerous: They can be anywhere — the shopping mall, the university, saying their prayers beside you.
Khattab believes it was a failed romantic relationship that sowed the seed for Aziz’s radicalization. “He became disillusioned with worldly pursuits,” says the police officer. “When he joined Unilever for an internship [in the second half of 2010], he met Aliur Rehman – alias Tony – who was also working there.” Tony, a member of Dr Israr Ahmed’s Lahore-based Islamic movement, Tanzeem-e-Islami, was to play a vital role in Aziz’s radicalization, inspiring him to fight for a Muslim caliphate, says the police officer.
But it was Minhas, the police claim, who turned Aziz into what he has become. In Khattab’s words: “Saad says Tahir motivated him so much that he no longer has any fear of killing people. His role in targeted killings was that of the shooter; by my reckoning, he has killed about 20 people.”
CID officials maintain that the terrorist group of which Aziz was a member had split from a larger al-Qaeda formation eight to 10 months ago. “While Tahir is its askari (militant) commander, he in turn answers to Abdullah Yousuf, who is in Helmand, Afghanistan. The other group formed by this rupture is led by Haji Sahib, Ramzi Yousef’s older brother,” says Khattab. He believes the crime spree by Aziz’s group, which hadn’t yet given itself a name, was aimed at raising its profile within the terrorist fraternity so that someone “owned” it.
Tracking down the group, he says, was not easy. They operated under aliases, did not use mobile phones and, instead, employed a Wi-Fi-based application called Talkray to communicate. The CID first picked up their trail sometime in 2014 through some men who were in prison, Khattab says. Based on the information obtained from them – he does not quite elaborate how but only says “we did some working on them” – the police picked up two former Karachi University students who had joined al-Qaeda through contacts at the campus and whose job was to maintain the organization’s website. “We soon figured out that there is a network of educated al-Qaeda members in Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Gulshan-e-Iqbal and other areas around Karachi University,” he says.
The clues led the police to a sports teacher at Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, who had set up a laboratory in his house in Gulshan-e-Iqbal where, along with his son and nephew, he used to teach young men to assemble Improvised Explosive Devices. The police also found a lot of written material that led them to conclude that a large al-Qaeda group was active in Karachi. “We found out it had two wings — one askari and one daawati.” The police do not divulge whether or not they have arrested and interrogated the teacher or, for that matter, any other details about his identity and whereabouts.
While investigating the people arrested earlier, the police learnt that Minhas was the group’s commander. Born in a village in the Jhelum district of Punjab, Minhas is a resident of Kotri, near Hyderabad, and has been in and out of police’s hands since 2007. According to an official source, one looking very closely into the massacre of Ismaili Shias, Minhas, (a matriculate, according to this source), had a thriving poultry business in Kotri at one point. He is also, says the same source, rabidly anti-Shia and has been a member of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a banned organization involved in hundreds of acts of sectarian and religious terrorism.
Khattab and his team of investigators describe Minhas as a highly sophisticated militant, with his own signature style. They claim to have discovered important similarities in the terrorist activities he has carried out: in all of these, silencer-fitted imported Glock, Caracal and Stoeger pistols are used; he and his associates always hit their targets in the head. “By the time the Safoora Goth massacre happened, we had gathered lots of little clues,” says Khattab.
Some other clues materialized in September 2014 after a suspect named Amir Abbas managed to escape during an encounter with the police but his wife was injured and arrested. “We found plenty of incriminating material at his house and worked on it quietly from September  to April , matching and cross matching the evidence,” says Khattab.
This finally led to the arrest of Minhas and his associates, including Aziz. “When we recovered their laptops, their browsing history helped us connect them to other cases. “Had we been even one day late, all these boys would have left Karachi for Quetta, Waziristan etc.”
The CID officers also show what they call a hit list. These are A-4 size prints, carrying no information about their senders and receivers, but complete with photos and addresses of the targets, which include naval officers, intelligence agency personnel, police officers, showbiz personalities, journalists, workers of non-government organizations and three fashion designers. In some cases, the prints also carry details of the targets’ daily routine. When asked why the group wanted to target fashion designers, Aziz is quoted by Khattab to have said, “You kill three. No one will design sleeveless clothes again.”
At a distance from the police’s neatly tied narration, events take a rather mysterious turn. A former academic at the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) who once taught Aziz, and who has since moved to Europe, recalls his student as “being extremely close to [an intelligence agency]”. In April 2014, this academic needed a police clearance report for some work. Having tried unsuccessfully for a week to obtain it, he asked Aziz for help. “He told me it was no problem, and that he could get it for me in 10 minutes. He was wrong; it took him an hour.” This alleged link, however, could not be verified through any other source.
Aziz’s purported reasons for having targeted Mahmud are also rather mystifying. Many Pakistanis, weary of having their lives held to ransom by rampant militancy, make anti-Taliban statements the way she made at the talk on the Karachi situation. And on February 14 this year, Aziz’s restaurant had a promotional offer targeted at customers and their “loved ones” — complete with the image of two hearts placed right next to each other. Isn’t this just another way of saying pyaar ho jaane do? His account of planning her murder also mixes up a few details. He states that Tony was unable to spot Mahmud’s car outside T2F between the February 13 talk on Karachi and the April 24 discussion on Baloch missing persons. (Mahmud did leave Karachi on February 19 for an overseas trip and returned on March 5. She briefly went out of the country again from March 25 to April 5.) Between her arrival from abroad and her assassination, there were at least five events at T2F and she was also attending to her office work at T2F every day during this period. Can, then, her murder precisely on the day of Unsilencing Balochistan: Take Two be seen as purely a coincidence?
Whatever the motivation behind his actions – whether he is serving the ends of as-yet unknown masters or assuaging his own desire to ‘right’ society’s moral compass – his confession suggests that he is part of a cell carrying out orders issued by a central command structure. This is particularly evident in the Safoora Goth incident: an attack of that size and precision cannot be carried out by a motley group of like-minded individuals.
While Aziz has been singing in police custody, his confession may not stand the test of a trial in a court of law. Confessions before the police or a JIT, or any executive authority for that matter, have no legal standing. “[Only] a confession before a judicial magistrate has legal sanctity because a judge is an independent authority,” says Karachi-based lawyer Faisal Siddiqi. “A judge is not part of the investigation so he has no vested interest [in its outcome].”
Without independently verifiable evidence, it is virtually impossible to successfully prosecute any accused on the basis of their confessions alone. Ajmal Pahari, an alleged target killer, for instance, was acquitted in 2011 notwithstanding his on-camera confession of having committed over 100 murders. (He was soon re-arrested on additional murder charges, however, and is currently behind bars.) Aziz shows little concern about his trial and punishment when asked about his future. “What are my plans now?” he says completely unfazed, and laughing slowly. “We’ll go to prison, but we’ll break out of there. Then, we’ll make plans.”
Continue reading our two-part cover story: Revisiting a confessional jigsaw Is Saad Aziz guilty as charged?
(Courtesy to Herald)
Afghanistan — Under pressure after a wave of deadly bombings in the Afghan capital, President Ashraf Ghani on Monday accused Pakistan of turning a blind eye to mass gatherings of Taliban fighters in its territory, where such attacks are planned.
Mr. Ghani’s words, a sharp break from the conciliatory tone he had taken toward Pakistan for much of his first year in office, came just hours after a suicide car bomb struck a crowded entrance of the international airport in Kabul, leaving at least five people dead and 16 wounded. Attacks in the Afghan capital over the last four days have left nearly 70 people dead and hundreds wounded.
At a news conference flanked by his war cabinet, Mr. Ghani said that Afghanistan’s relationship with Pakistan had reached a critical point and that the steps taken by the neighboring country in the coming weeks would have long-term repercussions.
His comments suggested that the nascent peace process facilitated by Pakistan, where some representatives of the Taliban met with Afghan government officials for the first time last month, was effectively dead for now.
“We hoped for peace, but war is declared against us from Pakistani territory,” Mr. Ghani said, referring to his 10-month effort to establish a friendlier relationship with Pakistan. The effort has cost him some political support at home, given the persistent belief here that the Pakistani military has still been actively guiding the Afghan insurgency as a proxy force.
“The incidents of the past two months in general, and the recent days in particular, show that the suicide training camps and the bomb-making facilities used to target and murder our innocent people still operate, as in the past, in Pakistan,” he said.
Mr. Ghani said he had spoken by phone with the civilian and military leadership of Pakistan, who had promised to “chart an action plan against terrorism” that would be discussed with a delegation of Afghan officials visiting Pakistan.
The Taliban’s escalation of violence in the past week has come after a slight lull, while internal rifts over the group’s leadership deepened after confirmation of the death of the group’s supreme leader, Mullah Muhammad Omar, which had been kept secret for two years, finally came last month.
The wave of bombings was seen by some here as an indication that the new leader, Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Mansour, is not immediately interested in continuing the peace process facilitated by Pakistan as he tries to consolidate his position in the face of dissent within the Taliban ranks.
As the violence escalated inside Afghanistan, Taliban leaders held large gatherings in Quetta, a city in the Pakistani province of Balochistan, to mediate the differences between Mullah Mansour and other members of the movement, including the family of Mullah Omar. The gatherings broke promises made to Mr. Ghani by Pakistani officials, a senior Afghan official aware of the discussions said, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss diplomacy.
After the news of Mullah Omar’s death, Mr. Ghani told his ministers that Pakistan had promised him that no new Amir ul-Momineen, as the Taliban call their leader, would be selected on its soil and that no large gatherings of the Taliban would take place to give him legitimacy. But within days, Mullah Mansour had not only replaced Mullah Omar and been endorsed in large ceremonies in Quetta, but had also announced that his new deputy would come from the Haqqani network, an aggressive organizer of terrorist attacks that has strong links to the Pakistani military intelligence agency, Inter-Services Intelligence.
Successively, after days of attacks in the capital that bore many of the hallmarks of Haqqani planning, Mr. Ghani said he no longer wanted Pakistan to bring the Taliban to the table, but instead wanted it to aggressively attack the group’s sanctuaries in Pakistani territory. And after a year of pressing Pakistani officials to broker a peace process with the Taliban, he said he now wanted the process to be entirely controlled by the Afghan government.
“In the middle of the night, at 1:30 a.m., doomsday descended upon our people. It wasn’t an earthquake, it wasn’t a storm, it was human hand,” Mr. Ghani said, referring to a truck bomb on Saturday that killed at least 15 people, wounded hundreds and left a huge crater in a residential area in the Shah Shaheed neighborhood. “We want the origin of that hand, we want their centers, and we want action against them. This is our main demand; everything else is peripheral.”
Mr. Ghani said it was time for Pakistani officials to prove through action “that the enemies of Afghanistan were the enemies of Pakistan,” quoting a statement that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan made during his visit to Kabul in May.
Mr. Ghani added, “I ask the people and the government of Pakistan: If a massacre such as the one that occurred in Shah Shaheed had happened in Islamabad and the perpetrators had sanctuaries in Afghanistan, had offices and training centers in our major cities, how would you react?
(Courtesy New York Times)
By Shehzad Baloch
The relation between Pakistan and Afghanistan never touched point of affection, these ever persist stressed and sometimes the most stressful. Occasionally, both sides forces, skirmish over border violations and infiltration. Particularly, the Northern Alliance groups resentfully deal with Pakistan and blame on it for intrusion and fanning to fire of warfare in their country. This impugn on Pakistan totally cannot be repudiated; the time and conditions also confirmed it true.
The state of Pakistan worked for superpowers and is doing. This state fought proxy wars for gain of wealth, used its forces, energies and territory for others, the rulers and policymakers also endorse these. Talban are sprouted and being fostered by Pakistan’s establishment and these religious elements are being controlled and used to get bow the neighbors in front of its interests.
In Afghanistan, after transaction of power, the present Ashraf Ghani government has strived to weave amicable relation with Pakistan. In 2014, a number of NATO forces evacuated from Afghanistan and they handed over security activities to Afghan Army to some extent but mainly they are supervising in country still. In these situations, Ashraf Ghani was intended to get Talban unarmed by influence of Pakistan.
Nawaz Sharif government on initial phase was slanted to eliminate or get weaker the Talban or bring them on table talk. The initiatives were taken, but soon after, the Pakistani authorities changed policies that a stable Afghanistan will not be absorbed them. They witnessed enhancing approaches and trade by India in Afghanistan which never can be afforded them.
On the other hand, in Balochistan, the separatist movement also sustained for a long age and its growing capability is halting the establishment schemes implementation in region. Especially, strategic partnership with China is not possible in the presence of Baloch insurgency. The Pakistani authorities believe that Baloch insurgent groups have sanctuaries in Afghanistan and they also are acquiring weapons from there. The state officials blame that India through Afghan land is succoring Baloch insurgents.
The Pakistani authorities of military and civil governments of center and province of Balochistan by aides of media houses have launched a massive operation in Balochistan intentionally to exonerate the province from Baloch insurgency. In the nexus, massive operation carried-out in districts of Awaran, Mekuran, Kharan and other parts Balochistan, where Baloch insurgency exists sizably. In mentioned operation, heavy war machinery and air-force also is being used. The ground situations tell that state has blitzed in full swing and also inflicted in major loses the Baloch insurgents which can be guessed through media reports that their high rank commanders were killed.
Contradictory, the Baloch separatist organizations through their asserted statements appear in media claimed for losses to state forces. The claims by insurgents cannot be approved by independent sources but a large movement of state forces can be witnessed by common inhabitant of Balochistan and this indicates that a huge amount is being spent in the province for deployment and relocation of forces and their machinery. Apart from fatal loses, the observed movement of forces is making incurrences which is aching the establishment and rulers.
Meantime, the operation in Balochistan, a series of attacks took places in various parts of Afghanistan and its capital Kabul that got flared up Afghan masses and irritated rulers.
The recent horrible attacks carried out by Talban which left behind hundred Afghan dead. This tidal wave of violence in Afghanistan outraged the rulers and evokes the Afghan citizens for protest against Pakistan and boycott of its exported products.
The Afghan president Ashraf Ghani responding the wave of violence said that we were expecting for peace but now are receiving messages about war from Pakistan. The chief executive AbdUllah AbdUllah also pointed finger toward Pakistan for involvement in carnage of Afghans. Militant in recent attacks used explosive material was brought from cross border factories and schemes also were designed in Pakistan, said Afghan leaders.
On the same day, when President Asharaf Ghani spoke to media, in Quetta, Inspector General Frontier Corps Sher Afgan Niazi conducted a news conference and he strait forwardly said that India and Afghan Intelligence are involved in revolt in the province of Balochistan.
Here a link can be guessed between operation in Balochistan and violence in Afghanistan. Probably, the Pakistani authorities delivered a message to Afghan rulers that if their country extends its actions to turmoil in Balochistan, so they also will reciprocate through its fostered forces.
Iran is committing heinous crimes against Baloch and other nations, US Congress should reject the nuclear deal: Hyrbyair Marri
Baloch nationalist leader Hyrbyair Marri in a statement from London said that lifting economic and military sanctions on theocratic fascist state of Iran in the name of nuclear deal is tantamount to condoning the Islamic regime’s crimes against humanity. It means disregarding the most basic rights of the nations that are under domination of Iran. This deal is also extremely dangerous for both regional and international peace.
He said America as a democratic country and a signatory of human rights conventions should not ignore unabated atrocities of the Islamic regime of Iran against the Baloch, Kurds, Turks of South Azerbaijan, Arab of Al-Ahwaz, and Turkmens and other religious and ethnic groups in Iran. “Fostering ties with such a state and making deals on nuclear issues will only boost its military and economic power. This pact will leave a big question mark for the civilized nations.”
He said the Iranian regime on one hand is using conservative Shiite extremism as a weapon to destroy world peace. It is involved in sectarianism, religious terrorism, interventions and bloodshed against its neighboring countries. On the other hand it has continuously been promoting Persian racism.
He said Turks of South Azerbaijan and Arabs of Al-Ahwaz are discriminated against despite being followers of Shiite sect of Islam. Baloch and Kurd are oppressed because of their national identity and for following the Sunni sect of Islam. “Towards the Baloch the Iranian regime has one policy. That is to decimate them.”
First Iran divided Balochistan by giving one part of it to Kerman and annexed another part to Hormozgan. Then they imposed ‘sistan’ to Balochistan. That is followed by changing the name of Balochistan and making a small section of Zaboli community master of western Balochistan by inducting them in all spheres of life. He added, “along with state atrocities the Iranian regime is systematically settling the Persians in Balochistan to change its demography.”
Hyrbyair Marri said, according to our information, Pakistan and Iran regularly hold monthly and weekly joint meetings in Quetta, Zahedan, Mand, Daalbandin and Taftan to discuss plans to curtail the Baloch national struggle.
He said these extremist theocratic states are a threat to other nations. They are heading international religious conflicts and terrorism. “Making nuclear deals with such states, lifting sanctions and making them militarily and economically more powerful does not correspond to the values of democracy and human rights,” Marri said.
The Baloch leader said that Iran and its terrorist proxy armed groups like Pasdaaran-e-Inqalab (Revolutionary Guards) and Hezbollah are directly involved in promoting civil war and ethnic violence in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Bahrain, Lebanon and Yemen.
He said the Iranian State has killed many of its political dissidents with help of its hit squads in Europe and other parts of the world in the 70s and 80s – majority of whom were Kurds. Many of those Baloch who fled from Iranian occupied Balochistan and took shelter in Pakistan controlled Balochistan or in Sindh have also been killed by the Iranian hit squads.
Hyrbyair Marri said, “All these acts of Iran are state terrorism and violations of human rights and international laws.” He said despite of all these atrocities, strengthening Iran’s power will only increase violation of international laws and state terrorism.
He said whenever the oppressed nations call for their basic rights and freedom, these democratic states immediately label their struggle as terrorism and all of sudden they become champions of democracy and human rights. But as it comes to their short term interests they tend to forget violation of human rights by such states and sign deals that lead to greater crimes in the future.
The Baloch leader said that there is no such clause in the nuclear deal for Iran to abandon its nuclear plans. Neither is there any clause that binds Iran to stop its nuclear activities such as research and missiles that carry warheads. “As a result of this nuclear deal Iran will be getting military and economic assistance which will make Iran capable of developing nuclear weapons in next three to four years. That obviously cannot be desirable for the world peace.”
He said American Congress should reject all such agreements which economically and militarily strengthen a state that is involved in heinous crimes against other nations under its occupation. Supporting such states clearly sends a signal for more repression against oppressed nations and would destabilize other states in the region.
He said world powers are trying to get out of this deplorable situation but that may serve their interests temporarily. The oppressed nations, however, bear the brunt of this policy. “Such an agreement is a big relief to Iran. Along with its increasing nuclear capability, Iran will intensify its atrocities against Baloch people and other oppressed nations. A nuclear armed Iran, like Pakistan, will become a danger not only for Baloch nation but for the entire world. Hence the International Community should not put the world peace at risk for a quick solution and some short term interests.”
Hyrbyair Marri said if this deal is signed Iran will first crash any dissent in the nations under its occupations and then turn it guns against other nations in the region.
Courtesy: Baloch Warna
By Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur
Balochistan is in the limelight but the Baloch and their wishes are ignored. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the center of interest for China, Pakistan and, naturally, the world as all perceive it according to the strategic and economic advantages and disadvantages it holds for them. Whatever importance it may hold for others, it is extremely important for the Baloch whose lives it will destroy in the name of ‘development’. The CPEC is crucial to China strategically and to Pakistan as the implementer of the plan but their views differ from the Baloch who are generally seen as obstacles.
China is risking its money and prestige on this project and, therefore, wants to know how the Baloch view it. I was recently asked some questions in this regard and the answers are as follows:
What is the Baloch opinion about the CPEC? The Baloch do not view the CPEC favorably because they see it as an instrument to deny the Baloch their rights under the excuse of development. The Baloch people realize that the CPEC will put paid to their majority in Balochistan due to the tremendous influx of outsiders and this will sound the death knell for all the political, economic and social rights they have struggled and sacrificed so much for.
The Baloch fears are not unfounded. After President Xi Jinping promised $ 46 billion in investments for the energy corridor projects, it materialized as a serious threat to Baloch lives and Baloch rights as never before. The reason for this was that to guarantee the investors’ full returns the Pakistani establishment promised a severe crackdown on the Baloch who resent the exploitation of their resources. To ensure the success of their crackdown the Pakistani army announced that it would establish a Special Security Division (SSD) consisting of nine battalions of the army and six battalions of the civilian forces, and that it may extend Operation Zarb-e-Azb (the military operation going on in North Waziristan) to Balochistan. These measures indicate that repression in Balochistan will intensify. Already there have been instances of extreme violence in Mashkai, Awaran and other places. The Baloch people see the CPEC as very disadvantageous, detrimental and inauspicious for them, their interests and their future.
What do the Baloch people want from the CPEC and, in particular, the development of Gwadar? There are Baloch people and there are Baloch people; those like Dr Abdul Malik and his ilk simply want a share in the crumbs that will be the share of the Baloch from the bonanza that the CPEC is expected to be for China and Pakistan. Then there are the Baloch people who have resisted the illegal annexation of Balochistan by Pakistan on March 27, 1948 and have resisted the encroachment on their rights in the name of development and progress ever since.
The Baloch people resisted the so-called development of Gwadar even before the CPEC because they saw outsiders swamp it. They saw the land grab that began and they feared this would completely change the demographic balance by putting them out on a limb. The Baloch have not limited their resentment over Gwadar to words alone but have physically resisted it and that itself says a lot about their stance on the development of Gwadar.
What is the feeling of the Baloch people towards the Chinese? The Baloch people naturally view with suspicion all those who help Pakistan either militarily or economically vis-à-vis the Baloch people; this suspicion and resentment extends towards both China and the US for their roles in Balochistan. As China has become an increasingly active investor in Balochistan, this resentment has risen and the CPEC has made people identify China with the brutalities that are being committed by Pakistan in the name of development.
Chinese involvement in Saindak copper and gold mines too has always been viewed with hostility as it is seen as depriving the Baloch people of their resources and them getting nothing in return. The condition of the locals in and around Saindak has not changed and, on top of it all, the fear of environmental hazards created by mining has not endeared China to the Baloch people one bit.
How are the Baloch people communicating their concerns and requests to the Pakistani government? As I have said above, there are Baloch people and there are Baloch people. Those like Dr Abdul Malik do not question any action by the Pakistani government that is detrimental to Baloch interests because they have their personal advantages and benefits to look after. They do make adverse comments as Abdul Malik did regarding the route of the CPEC but that is just posturing for political capital. The fact is that they are powerless and irrelevant because they have no part in the decision making process in Balochistan.
The others who oppose all exploitation of Baloch resources in the name of development are not even allowed to present their views and activists who raise a voice against injustices disappear; thousands have gone missing with nearly 3,000 of them being killed and dumped. All websites raising the issues of Baloch rights are banned. Seminars arranged in Lahore, Karachi, etc, to highlight the plight of the Baloch people are officially cancelled so the only option then left to them is to physically resist, and that is what they do.
Gwadar is very important to the Chinese. How important is it to the people of Balochistan? Gwadar can never be more important to anyone the way it is to the Baloch people. China may have strategic and economic interests in Gwadar but for the Baloch it is their motherland. Moreover, they feel and understand that Gwadar is inextricably connected to their future prosperity and, for that reason, they have resisted encroachments on it in the past and are resisting now too. The Gwadar land grab that began when plans for its development were initiated in the year 2000 was so rampant that billboards inviting people to buy land could be seen in Lahore. However, it was the resistance by the Baloch people that eventually curbed it. That land grab in Gwadar awakened the Baloch to the conditions that will prevail along the route of the CPEC in Balochistan and the dire consequences that it will hold for them by turning them into an insignificant minority. The Baloch people want everyone to know that they are not easily giving up their Gwadar, their future, to anybody either for money or because of brute force, both of which are being employed liberally by Pakistan to make them forsake it.
(Courtesy to Daily Time)
The writer has an association with the Baloch rights movement going back to the early 1970s. He tweets at mmatalpur and can be contacted atmmatalpur @gmail.com
By Basheer Ijbani
Firstly, the value of child is broached hereby. A child is the most precious gift by God, “children are a heritage of the lord”. The child is a precious object, a sponge ready to soak up life and all its experiences. Many parents believe that a child into this world as a “tabula rasa”, a blank slate. They think it is their task to mold the child in order to make him or her into a decent human being. If wasn’t for them controlling child’s behavior, like, dislike, appetite and sleeping pattern so they fear, the kid would turn into an anti-social, sleep-deprived, and under-nourished beast.
The recent victim of child abuse in town of Kasur in the province of Punjab is too much condemnable. Such type of child abuse cases for very long time have been taking place in province of Punjab but there isn’t any strong retort by Provincial government to eliminate these brutalities, arrest and ban these gang from surface of Punjab’s soil. The latest news of Tehsil Kasur, child abuse case where hundreds child male and female were raped by this gang and also they had captured videos of scenes to blackmailed his and her parents, and they demanded for money and for other expensive things. This series is continuing from a long time, which is a shape of the worst human rights violation appears in Punjab. Certainly, the administration and provincial authorities are helpless that repeatedly child abuse incidents are taking place in province. It is plea to Federal government should step-in and curb such wicked practices are happening sporadically with children. It is heinous offend, thus perpetrators must be penalized, because this has spread a panic among the area people even dazed entire country citizens.
The parents of children are frightened after knowing the disgusting child abuse incident which got them agonized. In this dilemma, they cannot send their children to school and to other daily routine works. The people of Kasur have protested against this malicious case. They said, we are not safe in this society and can’t go from one place to other and cannot move to other villages in spite of police deployment in area.
The area police claimed for arresting five suspects but later on they were released on bail. The victim families’ members are outrageous and they notified for a long march for time-consuming process in case by police. They expressed resentments against superintendent police of Tehsil Kasur and they raised slogan against administration in a protesting rally. Further they appealed federal government to take action for arrest and punishment of culprits who are much influential. They demanded for gang complete elimination which will result contentment in area villagers about their children.
Kasur Children Abuse story and ensuing sluggish legal process indicates serious ailment of society as psychologically. This incident proved here’s people savageness that merely compose human visage. They are senseless, cruel, not God fearing and not follower of any region, because if they have any mentioned quality which could forbid them for committing this gauche crime. After this incident, the society never can be declared normal as psychologically that has trampled all parameters of humanism for gain of wealth.
Next to prevention of such shameful incidents, reforms in society are mandatory. Psychologically reasons are to be sought which stimulate someone for molesting and factors must be settled. Socially, propelling force behind such pedophile also required to be remedied. Mainly, the uneven economy is executing factor behind prostitution in Punjab and also Child Abuse incident in Kasur. Only security measures never can prohibit social evil, psychological illnesses and economic desperation.
The writer can be reached: basheerahmed email@example.com, twitter: @Basheerijbani, Facebook: Basheerijbari, Blog: http://www.basheerijbari. wordpress.com
By Mutalib Mengal
The journey of life is much excruciated but everyone says it is not bad and days are passing. Anyhow, life is a very grueling course. A person spectate various productions in mundane life whether those are about religion, business, and love so on.
The nature preserving in it cherished memories; somewhere is rejoice for confer by fortune and somewhere is perplexed by coerce of unjust. Somewhere flute is toned so on a next place demise is mourned. Life is coated with charming colors. Demise converts life painful while jubilation and colorfulness of joviality fills it joyful.
The schedule of days and nights is an exam for a thoughtful person that has to seek source of sustenance and has to distribute time for family members and company to affable ones. Someone devotes itself for religion and another one yearns for love. This way human’s floating continues in follow of time.
The wars and conflictions, suicide bombing and gun-battle, politics’ complicities and flare up by interests have turned life troublesome. Human is divided in fractions; somewhere it is shedding blood stimulated by nationalism and somewhere it is hysteric by religion and beheading its contemporaries. All these turns life into a tough exam which needs much sweat, otherwise failure leaves behind indigence, starvation, underdeveloped and frets.
Some people dislike various political parties and get them proscribed but these are discussed so this way those get fame too. Austerity cuts troubles in routine and torments in journey of life’s decrease. Music entertains in leisure, silence provides peace of mind and reading of books bestows knowledge if human has appetite for these.
Turbat is situated on the bank of Kech River and it is a prepossessing city of Mekuran Division.
In city, are numerous private schools and in those more than capacity students are enrolled and in this educational process the teachers of discussed schools are playing a noteworthy role.
What is more surprising to state that the teachers are efficient and effective about extending phenomenal of education and it gives gratification to jot down that the students of private schools know better than the teachers of governmental.
Furthermore, it is more harden to designate that the private institution has become a prodigious and mega profession where indigent or insolvent parents are being victimized economically. It is very much arduous for parents to endure the tribulation of children’s uniform, book, notebooks likewise are as much extortionate for pauper parents and they can’t buy the educational apparatuses. They also cannot afford the fee, is the most stumbling block which is being multiplied day in day out.
Moreover, it also gives pain to the parents to send their children in governmental schools because those are in appalling condition. Additionally, it has been known by them that private schools are the proper alternative and preferred by them for a preferable education and put children on the path to a prosperous life.
As it is very much known that the students are the foundation of a country or nation. Multitudinous children indulge in unhealthy activities and the majority of them are slogging in the disparate sectors.
In narrated pathetic conditions the PSA and other departments’ authorities are obliged to reform the plight so that the pauper students would get educated and see a better future.
Zar Jan Niaz, Turbat
By Ahmed Khan
A country’s nationhood can be known by its citizen love or sincerity with state. Here in Pakistan, in media statements or rhetoric speeches of politician loyalty with state can be observed only, but on ground, the high level statesmen favor the foreigner on locals. The Governor Balochistan’s statement about Afgan Refugees and Pashtoon Khuwa Milli Awami Party’s politician allegation confirms this logic authentic.
The government officials in the pursuance of individual’s interests and ravenous of making pile of wealth has undermined the foundations of Pakistan. In state of Pakistan, getting nationality is merely task of handful Rupees, and then anyone can be citizen or local of this country by sway of wealth.
In Balochistan, the computerized National Identify Card issuance to Afghan refugees’ divulgence has validated all blames about dishonesties by government servants and state controller politicians, too. The high profiled personalities of Afghanistan have been issued Pakistani cards from Balochistan.
Reports in media appeared that 40 NADRA (National Database and Registration Authority) officials were involved in providing country’s national identity card to the terrorist organization of Al-Qaeda and Talban members on high ranks. Report further entails that 22000 fake CNICs were issued in only year of 2014, whilst 64000 in just seven months of 2015. The province of Balochistan is considered the center for issuance of fake identity card by NADRA, and mostly the Afghan refugees are availing from this.
Media reports inform that thousands identity cards have been blocked after poke by investigation agencies into the matter. It is also known that NADRA officials have been issuing cards against the bribe of Rs 50,000 to 2,00,000 in Balochistan’s capital Quetta and other parts of the province.
Through acquired information it has known that 24 percent Baloch areas people do not have national identity cards in province of Balochistan. The local people for gain of CINICs have to go through very lengthy and troublesome process but refugees get effortlessly by greasing the palm of NADRA officials.
In the light of information it can be stated that here all is running illegal. Because the people have been elected all are not genuine representatives who came by vote cast through fake CINICs, the employees are hired on base of fake documents and by unreal representatives.
The census and voter’s lists are also incorrect because the provided database is not truthful. The business, jobs, agriculture and other departments are also being controlled by not righteous ones. Consequently, all is on wrong way in country due to helplessness of real citizens and rule of corruption is on peak which can be testified citizenship to foreigners. Here amelioration seems very fade because the state system is not in hands of candid that’s why the refugees are given Pakistani nationality; hence, anticipation about wellbeing from prevailing system is only a delusion.
By Dil jan Qadir, Turbat
Truly the children are the most important part of a human society. Because by the power of them that a society survives and a country can move toward advancement and prosperity. It is, however, the main and largest crisis today where the children are facing in shape of hard labor. It is believed that child labor, no right, and out of school are the ultimate cause that children are undergoing in Pakistan.
Child labor: No doubt that child labor is an eminent and serious global issue through that all and sundry countries of the world are directly or indirectly affected. But it is very common in Pakistan that children are trapped in this problem which is intensifying with each passing day. In fact, in Pakistan 8.10 million children are in miserable condition and they are laborer. So this setback is considered one of the most challenging disorders that children have been deprived of their childhood. According to a great writer that child labor perpetuation, poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population grow and other social problems obstacle the development of a nation.
Denial of rights: Anyone can deny the fact that children have not equal rights, but regrettably here the majority of children are totally ignored and they are also denied their basic needs, such as shelter, food and clothing. And child labor turned into serious disaster in country and also getting more complicated with passage of time. Government of time is not paying attention toward appalling status of children in country which is causing dismal to sensible countrymen.
Out of school: Education is the basic need of every human being. It plays a very significant role for the advancement, prosperity and civilizing of any society. But unfortunately, in country of Pakistan which is a vast country and in this the dropout ratio in education sector is alarmingly high. Children are desirous for obtaining education for a developed life, but unfortunately, poverty and inflation don’t let to real this dream and they exert for gain of sustenance. Currently, more than 48% children are out of school in Pakistan and situations are slanted to deterioration, reports inform. In fact, the children are yearning for education. The state machinery should associate and encourage and put them on right path in life, additionally they also be provided books and accessories for schooling.
Ultimately, children compose an important segment within a society and contribute amply in advancement and prosperity of the country. Thus, concerned authorities for improvements in society assure the child right in country on fast track.
By Haji Haider Shohaz, Kharan
Great People are just ordinary people, extraordinary amount of determination. (Robert Schuller)
Life always seems to present us with innumerable challenges and problems on a daily basis.
It throws left Hooks when we were expecting Right ones; it gives us Apples when Desire Orange; it even present us with seemingly awful surprises that we were not expecting, and it bloats us with un-resourceful emotion, that tend to tie Us down to a life of mediocrity and unhappiness.
Never give up . . .
It is very easy to strive towards the attainment of our Goals and Objectives when the oceans are calm and nothing appears to be standing in our way. However, if we are not mentally prepared the moment something begins to stir the waters & rock the side-to-side, we begin to panic and struggle to deal with our circumstances. We see these problems and challenges as larger than Life and way beyond our capabilities and mean. These events may very well end up overwhelming us and causing great heartache and hardship. As a result, we may and quitting and throwing in the towel of defeat, all because our resolve was not strong enough to handle the burden associated with our journey towards the attainment of our objectives.
Obstacles within ourselves . . .
Probably the toughest and most challenging obstacles that we face come from ourselves. These obstacles are extremely challenging to overcome because in many instances we are simply blinded to their existence. One’s first objective is to identify these obstacles and endeavor to understand low which are affecting the life and perception of reality. Secondly, this must be learnt to deal with them in an effective and resourceful way that will once again help move anyone in the direction.
Lack of desire . . .
The lack of desire means that simply do not have enough emotion behind someone’s actions. It means that the goals and objectives that are working towards are not yet emotionally important enough. As a result, when obstacles come your way You will not have the emotional Reservoirs available to successfully deal with these challenges, and you will therefore likely succumb to your predicament without putting up a flight.
Lack of Self -Belief . . .
When belief is Lacking, then one have very little hope of achieving anything of significance in life.
The very moment an obstacle comes across the path if someone lacks belief and unfortunate will manifest ways.
Lack commitment. . .
A lack of commitment is somewhat related to a rack of desire. However, when it comes to commitment it pretty much stems from one’s inability to manufacture enough. Why reasons to move one through the obstacles that stand in its way.
Asking too many Why Questions ‘’Why’’, questions are self-sabotaging programming tools that focus on someone and its inadequacies and weaknesses.
* Why does this always happen to me . . .?
* Why do i always fail . . .?
* Why is life always against me . . .?
Is the moment one should effectively pack up that’s bags & leaves the big brother house. These questions are resourceful and self-sabotaging force that will put off into a state of great and emotional weakness, avoid them at all costs.
Rushing decisions . . .
In many instances we sabotage our success and create unnecessary obstacles along our path simply because we rush our decision making process. We rush our decisions because of a lack of time or as a result of external pressures or circumstances. And the consequences of such inefficient decision making can sometimes cost us more than the process of refraining from making the decision in the first place.
Making incorrect decisions . . .
Other times we simply make incorrect decisions due to a lack of understanding about a situation, or due to a lack of experience or resources.
‘’We should not quit because quitters never win, winners never quit’’
Neptune is the outermost of the gas giants. Like Uranus, it has an atmosphere rich in hydrogen, helium and methane, and a faint ring system. Neptune was discovered in 1846, after its position had been predicated based on disturbance to the motion of Uranus caused by its gravitational pull. The planet remained poorly know until the space probe Voyger2 flew past in 1989.
Rings and Moons
Neptune has at least four rings and eight moons. The rings, which are too see faint to see with telescopes from the Earrth, were photographed by the Voyager 2 space probe. The outermost ring, known as Adams, contains several denser clumps of material termed rings arcs.
Atmosphere and Climate
The atmospheres of Neptune and Uranus are similar, although Neptune’s stormier and appears blue (rather than blue-green) because there is more methane in its upper levels. In 1989 Voyager 2 photographed a large dark spot, reminiscent of Jupiter’s of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, in the southern Hemisphere. Five years later, when the Hubble space Telescope observed Neptune, the spot had vanished but another dark spot, this time in the Northern Hemisphere, appeared late in 1994. Bright streaks of methane cirrus clouds were recorded by both Voyager and Hubble. The compositions of the main cloud deck is not known with the certainly, but hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are probably present. Neptune’s interior is thought to resemble that of Uranus, consisting of water, ammonia, and methane above a rocky core.
Of Neptune’s eight known moons, Triton is the only one of any significance. It’s also the largest having a diameter of 1, 680 miles (2,700). The surface is covered with nitrogen and methane frost and at- 3918oF (-235oC), is the coldest known place in the solar System. Liquid nitrogen bursts through the surface to create geysers that leave dark streaks. Triton has a retrograde orbit (it moves in the opposite direction to Neptune) and is thought to have been a separate body, like Pluto, that was captured by Neptune’s gravity, Triton is actually larger than Pluto, and the two may be physically similar.
Neptune never becomes brighter than 8th magnitude and so is invisible to the naked eye, but it can located with binoculars, through which it resembles a faint stars. Sightings of Neptune can be confirmed by observing its gradual movement against the background of stars over several nights. Through a telescope, the planet appears as a featureless bluish disk about two-thirds the apparent size of Uranus. Neptune comes to opposition (see p.15) anly two and a half days later each year.
By RUKMINI CALLIMACHI
Talal Raman, a 36-year-old Kurdish fighter, worked on a Samsung tablet, annotating a Google Earth map marked with the positions of the deserted apartment buildings and crumbling villas from where his colleagues were battling Islamic State fighters south of this northern Syrian town. He pinpointed in yellow the positions where his men were hunkered behind a wall, and highlighted in red the coordinates of a building next to a mosque where Islamic State fighters had taken cover.
“Our comrades can see the enemy moving at the GPS address I just sent you,” he wrote in Arabic to a handler hundreds of miles away in a United States military operations room. Then he waited for the American warplanes to scream in.
The strike that ensued soon after blasted a crater at exactly the coordinates provided by the Kurdish fighter. It left a circle of bodies, including one of an Islamic State fighter who died slumped over his AK-47. An urgent message came in from the coalition war room: “Please confirm our comrades are O.K.?”
The tight coordination of American air power with the militia, known as the Y.P.G., from the Kurdish initials for People’s Protection Units, has dealt the Islamic State its most significant setbacks across an enormous strip of northern Syria near the Turkish border in recent months.
Now, the United States air campaign is poised to expand, aided by a deal with Turkey to allow American aircraft to fly bombing missions from bases closer to the border.
Yet at a time when the militia, the Americans’ most effective ally in Syria, would otherwise be celebrating the increased help, its members are sounding a note of worry. That is because Turkey is making some moves of its own.
Until last month, Turkey had resisted calls to do more to support the fight against the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, mindful that it might further Kurdish ambitions to eventually carve out an independent state. The Kurds, who number roughly 30 million and are spread out over Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria, have been described as the world’s largest ethnic group without a homeland.
So even as Turkey agreed to join the fight against the Islamic State, it immediately began bombarding the mountain camps of the Kurdistan Worker’s Party, or P.K.K., an insurgent group in Turkey and Iraq that is allied with the Y.P.G.
The Turkish deal with the United States sets up an “ISIS-free” bombardment zone along a 60-mile strip of the border region that features another exclusion: At Turkey’s request, it is also explicitly a zone free of the Kurdish militia, even though the Kurds had begun advancing toward the area to start battling the Islamic State there.
Despite cooperating with American forces for months, the Syrian Kurds are now starting to worry that their success might not outweigh Turkey’s importance to the United States.
“There is only one group that has consistently and effectively battled ISIS in Syria, and that is the Y.P.G.,” said Redur Khalil, a spokesman for the militia who says it has grown to include 35,000 soldiers, about 11 years after its start as a self-defense force in a single town. “Opening another front in the region — as Turkey has by attacking the P.K.K. — will make the forces fighting ISIS weaker,” Mr. Khalil said. “Which in turn makes ISIS stronger.”
Cale Salih, a visiting fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations and the author of numerous articles on Kurdish affairs, summed up the unease over the deal with Turkey this way: “If it comes at the price of the relationship with one of the few effective partners on the ground in Syria, it doesn’t seem to make sense.”
American officials have always had to step carefully when cooperating with the Kurdish militia in Syria because of its links to the P.K.K., which is widely listed as a terrorist group. American officials have acknowledged cooperating with the militia in general terms. In an emailed response to questions, however, the Pentagon would not confirm whether the militia was calling in airstrike coordinates, saying only that it was working with Syrian Kurds as well as other groups.
The United States and members of the militia take pains to note that it is not the same group as the outlawed P.K.K. But on the ground in northern Syria, the connective tissue is hard to miss. Framed portraits of Abdullah Ocalan, the founder of the P.K.K. and champion of Kurdish autonomy, can be seen hanging in the offices and headquarters of the Y.P.G. militia. Fighters wear pins bearing his image. In Hasaka, Islamic State fighters who are captured on the battlefield end up on gurneys in a hospital adorned with a wall-size portrait of Mr. Ocalan, who has been imprisoned since 1999.
“It’s a nonsensical situation where you have P.K.K. fighters who are called ‘terrorists’ if they happen to be on the Iraq or Turkey side of the border,” Ms. Salih said. “Yet if the same fighter crosses into Syria, he is now ‘working with the coalition in the battle against the Islamic State.’ ”
Kurdish Territorial Gains in the Fight Against ISIS
Kurdish Y.P.G. forces have seized territory from the Islamic State along the border with Turkey, building a nearly contiguous Kurdish-controlled area. The proposed “ISIS-free” zone would also prevent further Kurdish advances.
There is growing evidence that large numbers of these fighters are directly joining the fight in Syria, too. Bulent Aliriza, the director of the Turkey Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, estimates that thousands have crossed from Turkey to join the Kurdish militia in Syria in fighting the Islamic State, making the distinction between the two groups even more vague.
As it has captured territory from the Islamic State, the Kurdish militia has rapidly expanded its territory in northern Syria by more than a third, now controlling more than 11,000 square miles — a ribbon of land roughly the size of Maryland. Across the border, Turkish officials have watched the Kurds’ gains with unease. And the growing cooperation between the United States and the militia has only heightened Turkish concerns, Mr. Aliriza said.
That cooperation took off last October, when the Islamic State almost overran the border town of Kobani, cutting off a unit of Kurdish fighters. A senior Syrian Kurdish official, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss intelligence details, said he had traveled to Erbil, in northern Iraq, in October to meet with United States military commanders. After much negotiation, he said, the Americans agreed to airdrop 27 pallets of weapons and ammunition, supplied by Kurdish officials in neighboring Iraq.
Y.P.G. fighters provided the Americans with GPS coordinates of a site in Syria, and approximately 20 metric tons of supplies floated down before dawn on Oct. 19. “And it started from there,” said the official, who explained how that first exchange evolved to include coordination of airstrikes, allowing the militia to take back Kobani, followed by victories in Tal Abyad and, in recent days, most of the province of Hasaka.
All the political complications are troubling to Mr. Raman, the radio operator who spends his days behind the green drapes sending in airstrike coordinates. His tools include nothing more than a walkie-talkie, a Samsung tablet and a cellphone, on which he has a screen saver of Mr. Ocalan’s face.
He sees himself as a partner of the Western pilots flying warplanes overhead — just as he sees the P.K.K. as his militia’s partner in the fight against the Islamic State. “If the Turks bomb the P.K.K., they’re in effect helping ISIS,” he said.
Here in northern Syria, the battle against the Islamic State looks like this: Units of Y.P.G. fighters driving pickup trucks and minivans flying the group’s yellow banner amass at the front, which is fluid and in some places is leaping forward by as much as one mile every day. The Kurds’ uniforms feature Marpat digital patterns, a type of camouflage pioneered by the United States Marines, reproduced in a factory here using local cotton and sewn by Kurdish tailors, officials said.
Each fighter is assigned to a platoon of about 30 members. In keeping with Mr. Ocalan’s philosophy of gender parity, women are present in large numbers on the battlefield, and portraits of female martyrs adorn almost as many billboards and lamp posts as those of their male colleagues.
It was a female commander who led the battle that unfolded inside a group of empty apartment blocks in the town of Hasaka last week. Black pools of melted plastic and tar lined the road to the area, marking where Islamic State suicide bombers had detonated their belts. At a nearby traffic circle, a crane operator was trying to lift an old Soviet-designed T-55 tank recently recovered from Islamic State fighters.
The road turned to dirt, passing abandoned multistory buildings, their walls a Swiss-cheese pattern of holes left by machine-gun fire. Several streets in, a mosque with a green dome shared a wall with a building from which a unit of Y.P.G. fighters began taking heavy fire.
Just after 10 p.m. on July 30, a Kurdish fighter radioed the coordinates of the building to Mr. Raman. According to the log of the exchange, a few minutes passed before the fighter called again to say he had sight of a group of Islamic State fighters.
In his relay station, Mr. Raman and his partner jotted down the coordinates: 36 degrees, 28 minutes, 23 seconds north latitude; 40 degrees, 44 minutes, 58 seconds east longitude. They noted the location on a digital map on their tablet computers, as well as in a spiral notebook, decorated with a picture of a smiling baby.
Then they sent the grid via chat to their handlers in the American operations room.
At 10:12 p.m., the coalition sent a message asking for confirmation that the Kurdish militia was still taking fire from the location. Mr. Raman answered that it was, before asking: “Is there a fighter jet overhead?”
“Yes, and they’re preparing to strike,” his counterpart replied.
At 10:23, the operations room sent a Google Earth map, showing a large, yellow circle approximately 100 yards to the north of the Islamic State target. The official instructed Mr. Raman to tell his men to retreat to the circle. “Make sure our comrades are in the yellow, O.K.?” the official wrote in Arabic.
At 10:34, he stressed: “Can you confirm that they’re inside the yellow? Because the pilot is waiting.”
The countdown began at 10:38 p.m., immediately after Kurdish fighters radioed Mr. Raman to say that their colleagues were in the safe zone.
“3 min.,” said the first message from the coalition.
Then: “Strike,” and a request to confirm that Kurds nearby had not been hurt.
Later the next day, when New York Times journalists went to the scene of the blast, the mosque was still partly standing, though with part of its dome missing. The GPS coordinates of the strike site exactly matched what Mr. Raman sent to the coalition war room. A spokesman for the coalition declined to identify the specific coordinates, saying only that coalition planes had conducted seven airstrikes that day on Islamic State targets near Hasaka.
The bodies of the Islamic State fighters lay around the eight-foot-deep crater. There were nine in all, some wedged under slabs of concrete. One wore a camouflage vest. Another died within reach of his rocket-propelled grenade launcher.
Bullet casings littered the ground like confetti.
Anne Barnard contributed reporting from Baghdad, and Eric Schmitt from Washington.
(Courtesy to The New York Times)
The central spokesperson of BSO-Azad has declared in a statement that the arrest and disappearance of central joint secretary of Jeay Sindh Mutahhida Mahaz (JSMM) Raja Dahir by the hands of state forces and brutal torturing during custody and extrajudicial killing and dumping of body in wilds is the genocide of Sindhi people like the one Baloch nation facing. The state institutions are selectively targeting Baloch and Sindhi pro-independent people and political leaders.
The spokesman further said that the state could feel its loosening grip in Balochistan and Sindh along with the people’s rebellion towards the state. This has made the state fearful and they are removing those leaders from their way who think about independence or talk about the unfavorable of state. This is so that they can take benefit from resources of this area and continue with their subjugation and looting. The continuous abduction of people from Sindh and the years old ‘Kill and Dump’ policy used in Balochistan is being adopted and in Sindh too by the state to weaken and then gradually put an end to the Sindhi nationalist movement.
The spokesman further said that the inequality between the state elite classes and general public and the growing enthusiasm for independence amongst the youth in Sindh and other occupied nations is a sign of death for the occupiers and the state capitalists. Due to this these segments of society under control of state institutions leave no stone unturned in the killings and exploitation of the oppressed nationalities.
Baloch nation never accepted Pakistan’s occupation more than an occupier state on their motherland. Sindhi and other nations who have been victims of state exploitation should consider the regional changes and struggle for their autonomy otherwise state will use her religious extremist to penetrate intolerance and inequality within these societies. This will affect Mystic society of Sindh and progressive minded nations, which were already targeted by sponsored religious extremists.
It’s time for restoration of national states and the nation’s fate should be taken by their own hands. It’s time to take the independence of the oppressed nationalities and progressive -minded forces by struggling together. Because in all nations there are conscience vendor, opportunist leaders, Sardars, landlords and parties are collaborators of state forces united against the forces of national liberation struggle.
Spokesperson said, several villages in Balochistan surrounded from the last several days and operations continue in many cities of the province. BSO Azad strongly condemns the kidnapping of hundreds of Baloch people from various cities. The power is being used to make Baloch agree on the agreements contrary to the will of the people of Balochistan. Baloch people have been aware of the fact that the success of investment in Balochistan is the price mass death of Baloch nation which cannot be accepted at any cost by Baloch people.
The subject has been taken from book of Taj Mohammad Breseeg “Baloch Nationalism, its origin and development”.
The last rebellious chief, who took up arms against the Tehran power, was Mirza Khan of Jask, but at last he was forced for his safety to flee toward the Arab Sheikdoms. “Henceforth”, wrote the Baloch nationalist write, Muhammad Sardar Khan Baloch, “the entire Persian Balochistan remained like a body without head. Descending unto most mean ruptures of beastly whims, Reza Shah, destroyed one by one, the rank and fashion of the millions of Persian Balochistan, by mean, most deplorable. Family were deported, thousands were deprived of their property; the elders as it will be distinguished families exposed to most inhuman tortures were flayed, blinded maimed and”. However, as it will be discussed in chapter five, the Baloch nationalist struggle in Iran, encourage by the upsurge of the Baloch nationalist in Pakistan, was resumed in the early 1960s.
The main causes of the failure of the various Baloch resistance movements, according to historian InayaUllah Baloch were the disunity of the tribal chiefs, lack of a social base for Baloch nationalist in Iran, a powerful Iranian military force, and the joint Perso-British interest in pacifying the Baloch tribes. In spite of the large popular support enjoyed by Mir Mahammad Khan in his confrontation with the Iranian forces, his feudally structured government was highly fissiparous and vulnerable. The defection by some Sardars who viewed the increasing concentration of powers in the hands of the Baranzai ruler as a threat to their traditional hereditary privilege very soon proved it. As a result, Jahanbani reports that several Sardars in Dezzak district defected to him during the course of the military operation.
Apart from the inadequate arming of the Baloch forces, the Persian air attacks made the launching of general offensives by Baranzais difficult. It should be noted that the air power was an effective means which Reza Shah consolidate his powers, especially against the Baloch just as British air power instrumental in consolidating British’s imperial power in post-World War I Middle East Moreover, the lack of active material support from other Baloch regions, the lack of a social base for the Baloch nationalism in Iran played also an important role to the defeat of Mir Dost Mohammad Khan.
After Hossein Khan and Bahram Khan, Dost Mohmmad Khan’s rebellion was the third Baloch-wide attempt within three decades (1898-1928) to establish the Baloch rule in Western Balochistan. Dost Mohmmad Khan called for a baloch nation to be united under his leadership and he based his legitimacy on his control of Bazanzai tribe. As a tribal leader, Dost Mohmmad Khan called for a Baloch nation to be united under his leadership and he based his legitimacy on his control of Baranzai tribe. As a tribal, Dost Mahmmad Khan controlled the allegiances of the tribal membbers who would fight for his cause. How, due to the British intrigues and counter activates, Mir Dost Mohmmad Khan’s attempts to include the Saraddi tribes context into his domain was unsuccessful.
Dost Mohmmad Khan’s rebellion was tribal. Although a few members of the ruling class may have been exposed in modern nationalistic ideas though their contact with the British and Baloch of Eastern Balochistan the society was highly underdeveloped sociology and economically. There were no notable middle class or other modern classes, which are identified as the base for modern nationalism. However, a delegation of Iranian Baloch attended “the Balochistan and all India Baloch Conference” in December 1932, at Jacobabad. It is said, influenced by this delegation, that Magasi himself took a secret tour to Sarhaddi Iranian Balochistan. Was he able to meet the Saraddi rebellious chief? Nothing is known about this, 1934, however, according to InayatUllah Baloch, Magsai suggested an armed similarly, in 1933, Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd, a prominent national leader of Balochistan, showed this opposition to the partition and division of Balochistan by publishing the first map of Greater Balochistan.
The Balochistan struggle for the freedom, during the whole British period. Like in the two other parts of the Baloch country (British and Iranian Balochistan) continued in Sistan (Afghanisatan) as well, impressed by king AmanUllah’s anti-British campaign, the Baloch of Nimruz showed their protest against the demarcation and occupation of their land by intensive raiding inside British Balochistan in the early 1920s. By attacking Kurdi, a British garrison, Ghazi Sher Jan Sanjarani arrested a British officer and his escorts and took them to the court to AmanUllah Khan in Kabul. Ghazi Sher Jan is a legendary hero among the Baloch of Afghanistan and songs about him are sung even today.
Axact, which has its headquarters in Karachi, Pakistan, ostensibly operates as a software company. CreditSara Farid for The New York Times
By Declain Walsh
Their websites, glossy and assured, offer online degrees in dozens of disciplines, like nursing and civil engineering. There are glowing endorsements on the CNN iReport website, enthusiastic video testimonials, and State Department authentication certificates bearing the signature of Secretary of State John Kerry.
“We host one of the most renowned faculty in the world,” boasts a woman introduced in one promotional video as the head of a law school. “Come be a part of Newford University to soar the sky of excellence.”
Yet on closer examination, this picture shimmers like a mirage. The news reports are fabricated. The professors are paid actors. The university campuses exist only as stock photos on computer servers. The degrees have no true accreditation
In fact, very little in this virtual academic realm, appearing to span at least 370 websites, is real — except for the tens of millions of dollars in estimated revenue it gleans each year from many thousands of people around the world, all paid to a secretive Pakistani software company.
Axact makes tens of millions of dollars annually by offering diplomas and degrees online through hundreds of fictitious schools. Fake accreditation bodies and testimonials lend the schools an air of credibility. But when customers call, they are talking to Axact sales clerks in Karachi.
That company, Axact, operates from the port city of Karachi, where it employs over 2,000 people and calls itself Pakistan’s largest software exporter, with Silicon Valley-style employee perks like a swimming pool and yacht.
Axact does sell some software applications. But according to former insiders, company records and a detailed analysis of its websites, Axact’s main business has been to take the centuries-old scam of selling fake academic degrees and turn it into an Internet-era scheme on a global scale.
As interest in online education is booming, the company is aggressively positioning its school and portal websites to appear prominently in online searches, luring in potential international customers.
At Axact’s headquarters, former employees say, telephone sales agents work in shifts around the clock. Sometimes they cater to customers who clearly understand that they are buying a shady instant degree for money. But often the agents manipulate those seeking a real education, pushing them to enroll for coursework that never materializes, or assuring them that their life experiences are enough to earn them a diploma.
To boost profits, the sales agents often follow up with elaborate ruses, including impersonating American government officials, to persuade customers to buy expensive certifications or authentication documents.
Revenues, estimated by former employees and fraud experts at several million dollars per month, are cycled through a network of offshore companies. All the while, Axact’s role as the owner of this fake education empire remains obscured by proxy Internet services, combative legal tactics and a chronic lack of regulation in Pakistan.
“Customers think it’s a university, but it’s not,” said Yasir Jamshaid, a quality control official who left Axact in October. “It’s all about the money.”
Axact’s response to repeated requests for interviews over the past week, and to a list of detailed questions submitted to its leadership on Thursday, was a letter from its lawyers to The New York Times on Saturday. In the letter, it issued a blanket denial, accusing a Times reporter of “coming to our client with half-cooked stories and conspiracy theories.”
After the initial publication of this article, Axact posted a public responseon its website, saying it would seek legal action. The statement begins, “Axact condemns this story as baseless, substandard, maligning, defamatory, and based on false accusations and merely a figment of imagination published without taking the company’s point of view.”
Also after publication, some of the testimonial videos and specific website contents cited in this article were taken down without explanation.
In an interview in November 2013 about Pakistan’s media sector, Axact’s founder and chief executive, Shoaib Ahmed Shaikh, described Axact as an “I.T. and I.T. network services company” that serves small and medium-sized businesses. “On a daily basis we make thousands of projects. There’s a long client list,” he said, but declined to name those clients.
The accounts by former employees are supported by internal company records and court documents reviewed by The New York Times. The Times also analyzed more than 370 websites — including school sites, but also a supporting body of search portals, fake accreditation bodies, recruitment agencies, language schools and even a law firm — that bear Axact’s digital fingerprints.
In academia, diploma mills have long been seen as a nuisance. But the proliferation of Internet-based degree schemes has raised concerns about their possible use in immigration fraud, and about dangers they may pose to public safety and legal systems. In 2007, for example, a British court jailed Gene Morrison, a fake police criminologist who claimed to have degree certificates from the Axact-owned Rochville University, among other places.
Little of this is known in Pakistan, where Axact has dodged questions about its diploma business and has portrayed itself as a roaring success and model corporate citizen.
A screengrab taken from the website Columbiana University. This and other Axact sites have toll-free American contact numbers and calculatedly familiar-sounding names.
“Winning and caring” is the motto of Mr. Shaikh, who claims to donate 65 percent of Axact’s revenues to charity, and last year announced plans for a program to educate 10 million Pakistani children by 2019.
More immediately, he is working to become Pakistan’s most influential media mogul. For almost two years now, Axact has been building a broadcast studio and aggressively recruiting prominent journalists for Bol, a television and newspaper group scheduled to start this year.
Just how this ambitious venture is being funded is a subject of considerable speculation in Pakistan. Axact has filed several pending lawsuits, and Mr. Shaikh has issued vigorous public denials, to reject accusations by media competitors that the company is being supported by the Pakistani military or organized crime. What is clear, given the scope of Axact’s diploma operation, is that fake degrees are likely providing financial fuel for the new media business.
“Hands down, this is probably the largest operation we’ve ever seen,” said Allen Ezell, a retired F.B.I. agent and author of a book on diploma millswho has been investigating Axact. “It’s a breathtaking scam.”
Building a Web
At first glance, Axact’s universities and high schools are linked only by superficial similarities: slick websites, toll-free American contact numbers and calculatedly familiar-sounding names, like Barkley, Columbiana and Mount Lincoln.
But other clues signal common ownership. Many sites link to the same fictitious accreditation bodies and have identical graphics, such as a floating green window with an image of a headset-wearing woman who invites customers to chat.
There are technical commonalities, too: identical blocks of customized coding, and the fact that a vast majority route their traffic through two computer servers run by companies registered in Cyprus and Latvia.
Five former employees confirmed many of these sites as in-house creations of Axact, where executives treat the online schools as lucrative brands to be meticulously created and forcefully marketed, frequently through deception.
The professors and bubbly students in promotional videos are actors, according to former employees, and some of the stand-ins feature repeatedly in ads for different schools.
The sources described how employees would plant fictitious reports about Axact universities on iReport, a section of the CNN website for citizen journalism. Although CNN stresses that it has not verified the reports, Axact uses the CNN logo as a publicity tool on many of its sites.
Social media adds a further patina of legitimacy. LinkedIn contains profiles for purported faculty members of Axact universities, like Christina Gardener, described as a senior consultant at Hillford University and a former vice president at Southwestern Energy, a publicly listed company in Houston. In an email, a Southwestern spokeswoman said the company had no record of an employee with that name.
The heart of Axact’s business, however, is the sales team — young and well-educated Pakistanis, fluent in English or Arabic, who work the phones with customers who have been drawn in by the websites. They offer everything from high school diplomas for about $350, to doctoral degrees for $4,000 and above.
“It’s a very sales-oriented business,” said a former employee who, like several others, spoke on the condition of anonymity because he feared legal action by Axact.
Axact employees often follow up aggressively with previous customers, pushing them to buy more. Some pose as American officials, badgering clients to spend thousands of dollars on State Department authentication letters. Payments are funneled through offshore firms.
A new customer is just the start. To meet their monthly targets, Axact sales agents are schooled in tough tactics known as upselling, according to former employees. Sometimes they cold-call prospective students, pretending to be corporate recruitment agents with a lucrative job offer — but only if the student buys an online course.
A more lucrative form of upselling involves impersonating American government officials who wheedle or bully customers into buying State Department authentication certificates signed by Secretary Kerry.
Such certificates, which help a degree to be recognized abroad, can be lawfully purchased in the United States for less than $100. But in Middle Eastern countries, Axact officials sell the documents — some of them forged, others secured under false pretenses — for thousands of dollars each.
“They would threaten the customers, telling them that their degrees would be useless if they didn’t pay up,” said a former sales agent who left Axact in 2013.
Axact tailors its websites to appeal to customers in its principal markets, including the United States and oil-rich Persian Gulf countries. One Saudi man spent over $400,000 on fake degrees and associated certificates, said Mr. Jamshaid, the former employee.
Usually the sums are less startling, but still substantial.
One Egyptian man paid $12,000 last year for a doctorate in engineering technology
from Nixon University and a certificate signed by Mr. Kerry. He acknowledged breaking ethical boundaries: His professional background was in advertising, he said in a phone interview, speaking on the condition of anonymity to avoid potential legal trouble.
But he was certain the documents were real. “I really thought this was coming from America,” he said. “It had so many foreigner stamps. It was so impressive.”
Many customers of degree operations, hoping to secure a promotion or pad their résumé, are clearly aware that they are buying the educational equivalent of a knockoff Rolex. Some have been caught.
In the United States, one federal prosecution in 2008 revealed that 350 federal employees, including officials at the departments of State and Justice, held qualifications from a non-Axact-related diploma mill operation based in Washington State.
Some Axact-owned school websites have previously made the news as being fraudulent, though without the company’s ownership role being discovered. In 2013, for instance, Drew Johansen, a former Olympic swim coach, was identified in a news report as a graduate of Axact’s bogus Rochville University.
The effects have sometimes been deeply disruptive. In Britain, the police had to re-examine 700 cases that Mr. Morrison, the falsely credentialed police criminologist and Rochville graduate, had worked on. “It looked easier than going to a real university,” Mr. Morrison said during his 2007 trial.
In the Middle East, Axact has sold aeronautical degrees to airline employees, and medical degrees to hospital workers. One nurse at a large hospital in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, admitted to spending $60,000 on an Axact-issued medical degree to secure a promotion.
But there is also evidence that many Axact customers are dupes, lured by the promise of a real online education.
Elizabeth Lauber, a bakery worker from Bay City, Mich., had been home-schooled, but needed a high school diploma to enroll in college. In 2006, she called Belford High School, which had her pay $249 and take a 20-question knowledge test online.
Weeks later, while waiting for the promised coursework, Ms. Lauber was surprised to receive a diploma in the mail. But when she tried to use the certificate at a local college, an official said it was useless. “I was so angry,” she said by phone.
Last May, Mohan, a junior accountant at a construction firm in Abu Dhabi, paid $3,300 for what he believed was going to be an 18-month online master’s program in business administration at the Axact-owned Grant Town University.
A sales agent assured Mohan, a 39-year-old Indian citizen who asked to be identified only by part of his name, of a quality education. Instead, he received a cheap tablet computer in the mail — it featured a school logo but no education applications or coursework — followed by a series of insistent demands for more money.
When a phone caller who identified himself as an American Embassy official railed at Mohan for his lack of an English-language qualification, he agreed to pay $7,500 to the Global Institute of English Language Training Certification, an Axact-run website.
In a second call weeks later, the man pressed Mohan to buy a State Department authentication certificate signed by Mr. Kerry. Mohan charged $7,500 more to his credit card.
Then in September a different man called, this time claiming to represent the United Arab Emirates government. If Mohan failed to legalize his degree locally, the man warned, he faced possible deportation. Panicking, Mohan spoke to his sales agent at Axact and agreed to pay $18,000 in installments.
By October, he was $30,000 in debt and sinking into depression. He had stopped sending money to his parents in India, and hid his worries from his wife, who had just given birth.
“She kept asking why I was so tense,” said Mohan during a recent interview near his home in Abu Dhabi. “But I couldn’t say it to anyone.”
Chasing Bill Gates
In Pakistan, Mr. Shaikh, Axact’s chief executive, portrays himself as a self-made tycoon of sweeping ambition with a passion for charity.
Growing up in a one-room house, he said in a speech posted on the company’s website, his goal was to become “the richest man on the planet, even richer than Bill Gates.” At gala company events he describes Axact, which he founded in 1997, as a global software leader. His corporate logo — a circular design with a soaring eagle — bears a striking resemblance to the American presidential seal.
Unusual for a software entrepreneur, Mr. Shaikh does not habitually use email or a cellphone, said several people recruited to his new station, Bol.
Barkley University claims that its degrees are recognized all over the world.
But his ambition is undimmed: Last year he announced plans for Gal Axact, a futuristic headquarters building with its own monorail system and space for 20,000 employees. His philanthropic vision, meanwhile, has a populist streak that resonates with many Pakistanis’ frustrations with their government.
As well as promising to educate 10 million children, Mr. Shaikh last year started a project to help resolve small civil disputes — a pointed snub to the country’s sclerotic justice system — and vowed to pump billions of dollars into Pakistan’s economy.
“There is no power in the universe that can prevent us from realizing this dream,” he declared in the speech.
But some employees, despite the good salaries and perks they enjoyed, became disillusioned by the true nature of Axact’s business.
During three months working in the internal audit department last year, monitoring customer phone calls, Mr. Jamshaid grew dismayed by what he heard: customers being cajoled into spending tens of thousands of dollars, and tearful demands for refunds that were refused.
“I had a gut feeling that it was not right,” he said.
In October, Mr. Jamshaid quit Axact and moved to the United Arab Emirates, taking with him internal records of 22 individual customer payments totaling over $600,000.
Mr. Jamshaid has since contacted most of those customers, offering to use his knowledge of Axact’s internal protocols to obtain refunds. Several spurned his approach, seeing it as a fresh effort to defraud them. But a few, including Mohan, accepted his offer.
After weeks of fraught negotiations, Axact refunded Mohan $31,300 last fall.
The Indian accountant found some satisfaction, but mostly felt chastened and embarrassed.
“I was a fool,” he said, shaking his head. “It could have ruined me.”
Deception and Threats
Axact’s role in the diploma mill industry was nearly exposed in 2009 when an American woman in Michigan, angry that her online high school diploma had proved useless, sued two Axact-owned websites, Belford High School and Belford University.
The case quickly expanded into a class-action lawsuit with an estimated 30,000 American claimants. Their lawyer, Thomas H. Howlett, said in an interview that he found “hundreds of stories of people who have been genuinely tricked,” including Ms. Lauber, who joined the suit after it was established.
A broadcast studio at Bol, a television and newspaper group owned by Axact that is scheduled to start this year. CreditSara Farid for The New York Times
But instead of Axact, the defendant who stepped forward was Salem Kureshi, a Pakistani who claimed to be running the websites from his apartment. Over three years of hearings, his only appearance was in a video deposition from a dimly lit room in Karachi, during which he was barely identifiable. An associate who also testified by video, under the name “John Smith,” wore sunglasses.
Mr. Kureshi’s legal fees of over $400,000 were paid to his American lawyers through cash transfers from different currency exchange stores in Dubai, court documents show. Recently a reporter was unable to find his given address in Karachi.
“We were dealing with an elusive and illusory defendant,” said Mr. Howlett, the lawyer for the plaintiffs.
In his testimony, Mr. Kureshi denied any links to Axact, even though mailboxes operated by the Belford schools listed the company’s headquarters as their forwarding address.
The lawsuit ended in 2012 when a federal judge ordered Mr. Kureshi and Belford to pay $22.7 million in damages. None of the damages have been paid, Mr. Howlett said.
Today, Belford is still open for business, using a slightly different website address. Former Axact employees say that during their inductions into the company, the two schools were held out as prized brands.
Axact does have regular software activities, mainly in website design and smartphone applications, former employees say. Another business unit, employing about 100 people, writes term papers on demand for college students.
But the employees say those units are outstripped by its diploma business, which as far back as 2006 was already earning Axact around $4,000 a day, according to a former software engineer who helped build several sites. Current revenues are at least 30 times higher, by several estimates, and are funneled through companies registered in places like Dubai, Belize and the British Virgin Islands.
Axact has brandished legal threats to dissuade reporters, rivals and critics. Under pressure from Axact, a major British paper, The Mail on Sunday, withdrew an article from the Internet in 2006. Later, using an apparently fictitious law firm, the company faced down a consumer rights group in Botswana that had criticized Axact-run Headway University.
It has also petitioned a court in the United States, bringing a lawsuit in 2007 against an American company that is a competitor in the essay-writing business, Student Network Resources, and that had called Axact a “foreign scam site.” The American company countersued and was awarded $700,000, but no damages have been paid, the company’s lawyer said.
In his interview with The New York Times in 2013, Axact’s chief executive, Mr. Shaikh, acknowledged that the company had faced criticism in the media and on the Internet in Britain, the United States and Pakistan, and noted that Axact had frequently issued a robust legal response.
“We have picked up everything, we have gone to the courts,” he said. “Lies cannot flourish like that.”
Mr. Shaikh said that the money for Axact’s new media venture, Bol, would “come from our own funds.”
With so much money at stake, and such considerable effort to shield its interests, one mystery is why Axact is ready to risk it all on a high-profile foray into the media business. Bol has already caused a stir in Pakistan by poaching star talent from rival organizations, often by offering unusually high salaries.
Mr. Shaikh says he is motivated by patriotism: Bol will “show the positive and accurate image of Pakistan,” he said last year. He may also be betting that the new operation will buy him influence and political sway.
In any event, Axact’s business model faces few threats within Pakistan, where it does not promote its degrees.
When reporters for The Times contacted 12 Axact-run education websites on Friday, asking about their relationship to Axact and the Karachi office, sales representatives variously claimed to be based in the United States, denied any connection to Axact or hung up immediately.
“This is a university, my friend,” said one representative when asked about Axact. “I have no idea what you’re talking about.”
Griffin Palmer and Kimiko de Freytas-Tamura contributed reporting.
(Courtesy to New York Times)
Police have sealed off their offices in Islamabad and foreign staff given 15 days to leave the country.
Save the Children said it “strongly objected” to the action.
Pakistan has previously linked the charity to the fake vaccination program used by the CIA to track down Osama Bin Laden.
The charity has always denied being involved with the CIA or Pakistani doctor Shakil Afridi, who carried out the program.
The charity has had no foreign staff in the country for the past 18 months in response to the accusations.
It now has 1,200 Pakistani staff working on projects in health, education and food.
Speaking after the charity was shut; Pakistan Interior Minister Chaudry Nisar Ali Khan said that NGO’s were operating beyond their remit with backing from US, Israel and India.
“Local NGOs that use foreign help and foreign funding to implement a foreign agenda in Pakistan should be scared. We will not allow them to work here whatever connections they enjoy, regardless of the outcry,” he said in a live television broadcast.
Save the Children, which has operations all over the world, has worked in Pakistan for more than 30 years.
No government explanation
The Pakistani government has not given a formal announcement explaining the decision.
But one official told the AFP news agency: “Their activities were being monitored since a long time. They were doing something which was against Pakistan’s interest.”
A police official said that the charity’s phone calls and offices had been placed under surveillance. Speaking to the Reuters news agency, he added that the charity’s activities were “very suspicious”.
Condemning the move, Save the Children said it was “raising our serious concerns at the highest levels”, adding that its workers were all Pakistani nationals.
A Save the Children official told Reuters that the Pakistan government had been stopping aid shipments entering the country, “blocking aid to millions of children and their families”.
It comes after the Pakistani government announced it was tightening the rules for NGOs, revoking several of their licenses.
The BBC understands that one of those NGO’s, the Norwegian Refugee Council, has ceased all operations in Pakistan as its license has not yet been renewed.
(Courtesy to BBC-World)
The analysts commented about incident that Non-Government Organizations (NGO’s) reported the Pakistani Nuclear Tests conducted on 28th May 1998 radiation fallouts which irked Pakistani authorities and they halted operation of mentioned foreigner organizations.
By Ahmed Khan
Human when live alone or without society so it was omitted sharing quality and interactions. Anthropologists say, human is a social animal and live in society with convenient by inter-society interactions. Society developed shape is state which presently is triggering persecutions and exploitation of common citizens by thrust of capitalism.
Presently state exists with double-facet in the world. If we review the European states those are democratic
or to same extent are social democratic. Karl Marx in communist theory forecasted for single state on this globe but for the barter of commodities prescribed for formation of regional committees. The European Union has materialized the dream of Marx to some extent. In European, countries are but without borders restriction, and they also opted single currency for trade in those countries and religion is not business of state but is part of private life. Thus, there’s people are leading some prosperous lives, though human have to move to more developments and civilized destine.
The Asian and African countries turned into peoples’ blood smocking firm, in these continents, countries are controlled by bourgeois and this class is looting human ruthlessly.
Presently, in Myanmar, the tool of religion is being used for massacre of people, in this country, the ethnic of Rohingya is persecuted by Buddhists, even Buddhism is considered most peaceful one the religious. The monks of Buddhism don’t wear shoes to squeeze any living but now they are slaughtering humans like butchers. The main reason behind the rampage is uneven economy and political injustices. The China backed authoritative government is totally imprudent to give protection the Rohingya people. Thousands Rohingyas have been killed and millions fled to other countries for saving lives. Those tyrannized people by human smuggler in yachts travel to Malaysia and Indonesia. Many of these helpless peopled died due to starvation and many were left on shores in desolated areas where they died due to hunger and thrust.
The news appeared in international media informs that Wang Kelein is an unassuming settlement but it has been thrust into the global spot light after the discovery in nearly jungle of dozen of secret camps used by people smugglers and nearly 140 grave sites.
The area police informed some of those graves contain multiple bodies raising the terrible prospect of hundreds of unexplained death. Malaysian authorities began the grim task of exhumation.
The camp appears to be part of a complex of bases stretching into Thailand on what had been a well-established route smuggling mostly Rohingya people from Burma [Mynmar] and Bangladesh. But the trade has been in chaos since early May, when Thailand’s authorities launched a crackdown after the discovery of mass grave on their side of border.
Thousands of migrants headed for Thailand started landing elsewhere in South-East Asia. And the smuggler fled their jungle hideouts, migrants were spotted in Wang Kelien.
A citizen talking to media said she had seen several migrant, whom she believed to be Rohingya, and heard stories about many others, including that they would go to nearby Mosque to ask for help.
Other echoed her story. Another said she had spotted a Bangladeshi migrant wandering in the area and knocking on her neighbor’s door.
“It is very sad. We have been hearing these stories, but we cannot do much” said the women, who declined to give her name. “Could only after food, clean clothes, but we have to call them and they will be taking away by the police after that,”
The Asian nations have been struggling with the growing waves of desperate migrant who are landing on the shores of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, in the past few weeks, at least 3,000 people have washed ashore or been rescues by fishermen and several thousand more are believed to still be at sea after smugglers abandoned boats after a regional crackdown.
Some are Bangladeshi hoping to find jobs abroad. But many are Rohingya ethnic who have been drove out by predominantly Buddhist in Myanmar a supported state of dictatorship which is reliant on so called socialist state of China. The Rohingya are denied basic rights and citizenship even living in country about a century but they are confined in camps, and their number is above than one million in country of Myanmar. The injustices and tyrannies compelled humans to venture on grievous journey for solace and a better life.
Similar to this region, the African also got chagrined from uneven distribution in economy and distinguished applying of laws on citizens by criteria of poor and rich. Thousands of people due to neoliberalism take risk of life and by human smugglers voyage in boats to Europe, Italy and other countries. During current year, hundreds families lost lives without truing the dream of prosperous and hunger free life.
In last month, hundreds people were stranded in European seas of Canada, Italy, Greece and other countries but authorities were not allowing them to enter in their country’s area. Among the troubled people, children and women were also including.
In Asian countries, a large number of poor from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan travel to Middle-East oil rich countries and Europe through human smugglers.
Pakistan’s North-East areas people, specifically province of Punjab people remunerate human-traffickers with their entire life savings or auction their live-stocks and then they come South-West province Balochistan, which is bordering with Afghanistan and Iran. This province’s coastal area is on distance of about 50 miles from the Gulf States Oman and Dubai.
Panjabi ethnic people and other migrant by the launches of smuggler travel to Middle-East states, some of them succeed to their desired destine but there they work like slaves because they don’t have legal documents.
Many of discussed migrant enter in Iran without travelling documents or some have forged papers. Mostly these migrant are arrested by Iranian forces and deported back to Pakistan. Among them some succeed to reach Turkey and get arrested by Turkish official who behave with them inhuman way, the fate of majority mentioned migrant is deportation after bearing the pain of intense weather and excruciating travelling. A number of people die in the way to Europe due harsh weather and situations. In past, migrant would go to Europe by Balochistan to Iran, then Turkey and then Greece and Italy, but now borders are secured with security and modern invented devices, as well as planted mines and bomb sub-ground along with the borders demarcations. These all made impossible the borders crossing, but embittered live, bad law and older, ruined political system, biased prevalence of laws, desperate future and other reasons push indigents through migration to developed world.
In Pakistani province Balochistan, the Hazara ethnic predominating Shia sect is under attacked of majority Wahabis. This community is fleeing to other countries due to unending attacks on them. They have to exodus to Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia or any other country in all means whether those are legal or illegal.
The Afghani people from Afghanistan come to Balochistan by human smugglers in very perilous ways. They travel by trawlers and containers, and many times several people died due to choking and unviability and fresh air for breathing to people in sealed massive boxes welded with vehicles.
Human trafficking is great menace for humanity and it is the world of injustice with powerless humans by affluent and statesmen. Presently, in above discussed countries and regions states are exploitation, coercing tools and nothing else.
Some where people are being wronged in the pretense of religion, race, ethnic and nationality. Here all these means are untrue and the main reason is the economy. For instance, the Rohingya ethnic is being persecuted by Buddhists and it is reasoned confliction between faiths of Muslims and Buddhism but in Pakistan people are fleeing to Europe who are tyrannized by fellow Muslims, here no Buddhist exist. In Afghanistan, currently no sectarian confliction seems but people are exploited in hand of homo-sects. Bengalis and Indians are migrating not for religious factor but due to poverty and hunger. Behind illegal migration solely injustices of capitalism is motive which is mauling the innocent people on state level in shape of religion, race, ethnic, and so on. Otherwise, the same race, religion and ethnics are living in Europe’s developed countries but such loathsome conflictions do not take place there.
In world human smuggling cannot be stopped by crackdown on smugglers or traffickers. Or this series cannot be suspended by beefing-up the security measures and installation of security devices on borders. Only by the implementation of socialism and providing justice to people is panacea of this malady. The ghastly genie of neoliberalism will cause destruction in world and take-up people for migration. And this lout can be defeated by an even economic system only.
By Basheer Ahmed Ijbani
Civil Hospital is known as a Sandman hospital is situated in the Quetta capital of Balochistan which is main hospital in the province. The viceroy of British government in this region Sir Robert Sandman erected this hospital during the occupation of Britain on subcontinent. Sir Robert Sandman was colonial British Indian officer and administrator, was sun of General Robert Turnbull Sandman.
In 1866, Sir Sandman was appointed officer of Dera Ghazi Khan and there first showed his capacity in dealing with Baloch tribes. He was very eminent leader and his entire life spent for the serving of human. He always interested for development and improvement at that time he brought such these historical works and built Hospital and schools. He died in 1892. After his death our authorities got failed to maintain the management of hospitals to bring improvement and new technologies, the masses of province they are still on difficulties due to lack of facilities in discussed hospital.
The crisis which provincial Sandman Hospital is facing, the modern technologies with technologists for the sub-departments. But unfortunately the people of province, they are deprived of these facilities in this modern era. If the Balochistan is examined, so Quetta is the developed and modern city throughout province and it is also provincial capital. In city is rash of buildings without building code and jumbled of traffic. The Quetta is sole city in Balochistan where the other districts people come with mean of treatment in capital of province. In spite of capital and modern city the Quetta compared to other areas of Balochistan, even than people are in hot water in this city. From very far areas people are come but there are not facilities in governmental hospitals and the patients are facing difficulties due to scarce of facilities in hospital, as compare to other hospitals civil is very rash because its situated in the center of city, local people are referring to civil hospital.
Here the civil hospital Quetta problems are spotlighted. Some departments are utmost required which do not exist in discussed hospital; pathology, new born Unit and neurology. Radiology is not established at mentioned hospital yet, which is chief requirement for diagnose of diseases and doctors send patients to private labs for CT-scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging [MRI], and most of patients cannot afford heavy charges.
At hospital gynecology department is but it lacks Born Unit. Surprisingly, Neuro-surgeons are appointed in hospital but no department exists.
Discussed above essential machineries and skilled staff are required at civil hospital Quetta which are available at private hospitals situated around the largest government hospital of province. Unavailability of modern machinery and qualified staff at civil hospital Quetta is great unjust with citizens who cannot approach to private hospital due to indigence. In some departments machinery is provided but that is out of order and need reparation or innovation. The authorities of hospital express disability about overhauling the said machinery reasoning with lack of funds.
The private labs charge Rs 4000 or 5000 thousands fee for MRI and CT-Scan and this amount is not affordable by poor people whose entire month income is equal or lower than the mentioned sum.
The provincial government allocates an enormous amount for health sector in its annual budget. The plight of Civil Hospital speaks explicitly that this amount is not being spent on this organization but it is vanishing somewhere else which is to be ascertained. A common person can apprehend that if apportioned budget is utilized in fair manner for hospital so certainly its condition would not be like present.
Mostly patients have been from Civil Hospital complained about staff of hospital for not dealing in polite manner. The labs staff and technicians at civil hospital have affiliations with private ones and patient blame on them for covenant with outside of hospital lab owners.
It was also noticed that computers operating staff charge in extra at receipt section from gullible persons. Such things must be monitored by Medical Superintendent [MS] of Civil Hospital, and it is the responsibility of MS he must visit and check the system of each department at main hospital of the province. It would be more appreciated that MS receive complains by the patients personally and take measures for the resolve of those.
At Civil Hospital the political influence also is affecting the performances, where joiner doctors other staff has been promoted by affiliations with authorities bypassing all rules and regulations, whilst senior and competent ones are compelled work as sub-ordinate. Recommendation and dishonest culture is on peak at civil hospital Quetta, that the position holders are deprived of their right status. Political injustices has dilapidated the large health unit of province the Civil Hospital Quetta and here fair system prevalence is paramount, otherwise this will go to total failure. The higher authorities’ urgent attentions are invited to this hospital for rehabilitation.
The writer can be reached at email: basheerahmed30. Com twitter: @basheerijbani blog: http://www. basheerijbari.wordpress. com Facebook: basheerijbani.
By Shehzad Baloch
In Balochistan’s some areas operations were conducted and the provincial leader affirmed first time for actions against militants. Before from this operation were being conducted, media has blacked-out those and authorities also have been denying about such actions.
In Balochistan, operation and human right violation current series was commenced after 2002 in dictator Musharraf regime. The Nationalists ever blamed on state apparatus for committing against human dignity in the province of Balochistan.
The National Party’s leaders and politician also were aware about this series, and they also knew that they were not capable to suspend this but they were appetite for positions in assemblies in style of nationalism.
In month of May 2015, an operation was conducted in area of Mastung and Kalat districts by state forces, where diverging statements appeared in media on behalf of nationalists and statesmen. Nationalists told that innocent civilian were killed and showed in media as insurgents while state officials declared them armed insurgent who were killed in encounter. After this operation the elected member for National Assembly Sardar Kamal Khan Bangulzai at assembly floor voiced-up that in operation was conducted in his constituency killed people were totally innocent and armless. He further said that this is gross human rights violation. The arrested people could be brought before the law institutes and would be given right of legal defense. In this way killing to people drive them to pick-up gun.
Mr Hasil Bizenjo, the president of National Party also notified human rights violation in mentioned operation by state force. Surprisingly, the leaders of NP just expressed expostulations in media but some after got silenced about this issue. Possible they were pressurized for this act.
The human rights violation and operation series is very long in Balochistan. Sadiq Umrani also spoke some words against security forces but he also for unknown reasons adopted quietness about this issue.
The National party leaders were well aware of Balochistan situations, if they are sensitive about human rights or they are well civilized, then they should had not come in government and didn’t accept responsibilities. Or they merely are pursuing the assemblies’ seats and other incentives, hence at least they do not proclaim for defending the rights of Baloch and protecting resources of Balochistan. This region is perturbed and here a war is being fought for separation. The international powers are leveraged here. Now at the end of his government by a slight complain for human rights violation by NP leaders do not suite they should follow those who have conferred seats in assemblies. Mean after the being sacked of theirs government they show and claim that we have resisted at assemblies floors. This act of NP leaders is crocodile’s tear and implicating that in future they do the business nationalism for their interests and may get opportunity of being MPA and MNA again.
By Shehbaz Azam Khetran
Education is the ultimate truth of intellectual and physical development. Balochistan is a deprived province with no more fragrance of educational activities. The government is motivated to eliminate the intellectual poverty with gun and jail, although the ruling government is raising the slogans of educational reforms in Balochistan. But unfortunately, the facts and figures are exhibiting something else. According to the Aliff Alan District Education Ranking 2015 the education rate of Balochistan is just 55.99% with provincial ranking of 7/8. According to Aliff Ailaan, the number of primary school in province is 10,585; among them middle schools are 1,165 whilst secondary schools are 783, and higher secondary schools are 43. In gender distribution just 3,506 Schools for female and 9,027 for boys. The availability of teachers in schools is also not satisfactory. Data shows that there are only 17,136 teachers for primary schools, 10,012 for middle schools, 15,139 for secondary schools and 1,334 for higher secondary schools. The gender distribution is 14,081 female and 29,540 male teachers.
The learning outcomes are also very disastrous in the province that 58% of the student at primary level even cannot read story in Urdu, 57% cannot read a sentence in English, and 67% cannot solve two digits division. If situation remains same then it would be beyond the expectations that universal literacy assigned rate will be achieved and would be peace in Balochistan. The net enrollment rate at primary schools is somewhat better, like 65% boy, 42% girl and total 55%. But in middle schools the enrollment rate of boys is 36% while the girl is just 17% which makes a total of 28% enrollment in middle schools which is very low graded. The enrollment at high school level is very disastrous in which the enrollment of boys is 19% enrollment of girls are only 7% making a total of 14% enrollment at high school level. The dropout level at primary level is also negating the slogans of education emergency of provincial government in Balochistan that the dropout level of boys at primary school is 46% and girls is 55%, so the total the dropout at primary level is 50%.
The cause of huge dropout level is lack of access to schools, lack of facilities in schools and poor financial condition of the people. Let us now through a light glance on the infrastructure of the school in the province. The provincial government is busy in making people fool through print and electronic media just chanting slogan of education emergency in Balochistan but the data shows another picture. The school infrastructure score of the province is just 32.63%. The schools which don’t have facility of electricity in mineral rich province are 31%. Water is very necessary for human being but the students of Balochistan are deprived of water facility in 82% of their schools for 65 years. Around 85% schools don’t have facility of toilets and 64% schools are without boundary walls. It has been noticed that in Panjgur district of Balochistan the terrorist organization named Tanzeem al-furqan-ul-islam threatened the people to not send their girls to schools for education, so despite making security measure the province doesn’t have boundary walls of about 33% schools. And 74% of girls’ schools in province are deprived of toilet facilities. The proportion of schools where building condition is not satisfactory rate is 75%.
Moreover, there are 34% primary schools which have only one classroom and one teacher for all grade of primary level and the class room ratio in primary school is 2.1. The pupil teacher ratio in primary schools is 32:1, the teacher school ratio in primary schools is 2:1 and the most disastrous the primary schools with single teachers are 57%. This is the original face of the performance of so called nationalist and middle class government of the Balochistan. The situation cannot be improved until the provincial and the federal government changes their negligent attitude toward Balochistan. The provincial including federal government and the network of NGO’s should make it priority to established schools and provision of quality education to the deprived children of mineral rich province.
The writer is student of BS Education program at International Islamic University Islamabad.